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MICROFILMED 1998 



Penn State University 

Libraries 
University Park, PA 16802-1805 

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LOCAL LITERATURE 

PRESERVATION PROJECT: 

PENNSYLVANIA 



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Master Negative 



Storag 




Number 




SNPaAg101 



CONTENTS OF REEL 101 



1 ) The American rose magazine, v.1 , 1 933 - 1 936 
MNS#PStSNPaAg101.1 

2) The American rose magazine, v.2, 1 937 - 1 938 
MNS#PStSNPaAg101.2 

3) The American rose magazine, v.3, 1939 - 1940 
MNS#PStSNPaAg101.3 

4) The American rose magazine, v.4, 1941 - 1942 
IVINS#PStSNPaAg101.4 



CONTENTS OF REEL 101 (CONTINUED) 



5) The American rose magazine, v.5, 1943 / 1944 
MNS#PStSNPaAg101.5 

6) The American rose magazine, v.6, no. 1-9, 1944 / 1945 
MNS#PStSNPaAg101.6 



Title: The American rose magazine, v.1 

Place of Publication: Harrlsburg, Pa. 

Copyright Date: 1933-1936 

Master Negative Storage Number: MNS# PSt SNPaAgI 01 .1 



<180237>*@ Form:serial InputiNMS EditFMD 

008 ENT: 820209 TYP: c DT1: 1933 DT2: 9999 FRE: b LAN: eng 

022 0003-0899 

037 PSt SNPaAg101 .1-101 .6 $bPreservation Office, The Pennsylvania State 

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$s+U 1 XI 933U29V1 8X1 988+U30X1 990I+U31 V5X1 991 - 
090 20 Microfilm D344 reel 101.1-101.6 $cmc+(service copy, print master, 

archival master) $s+U1V1X1933-U6V9X1945 

245 04 The American rose magazine 

246 30 American rose $f1 968-1 975, 1988-1991, 1994- 
260 Harrisburg, Pa. $bAmerican Rose Society $c1933- 
300 V. $bill. $c19-28cm. 

362 Vol. 1, no. 1 (Mar.-Apr. 1933)- 

500 Title from cover 

500 Title alternates between: American rose magazine; and, American rose 

515 Occasional irregularities in numbering 

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$cPennsylvania State University $d1998 $e1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. 

$f(USAIN state and local literature preservation project. Pennsylvania) 
533 Microfilm $mv.1 ,no.1 (1933)-v.6,no.9 (1945) $bUniversity Park, Pa. : 

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610 20 American Rose Society $xPeriodicals 
650 Roses $xPeriodicals 
650 Rose culture $xPeriodicals 
650 Rose culture $zUnited States $xPeriodicals 
710 2 American Rose Society 
780 80 $tAmerican rose quarterly 

830 USAIN state and local literature preservation project $pPennsylvania 
830 Pennsylvania agricultural literature on microfilm 



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Volume 



1 



J 



1933 



1936 



VIARCH-APRIL. 1933 



HE AMERICAN 
OSE MAGAZINE 

REPLACING THE AMERICAN ROSE QUARTERLY 

UBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY, HARRISBURG, PENNA. 



1.50 A YEAR; 25 GTS. A COPY 



NOTHING seems more evident than that real rose- 
growers, undismayed by the depression — which 
cannot enter an honest garden ! — -want to grow in 
1933 more and better roses, and to exchange experiences 
about them. Toward this aim more frequent interchange 
of such experiences than has been possible through the 
American Rose Annual and the heretofore somewhat per- 
functory Rose Quarterly is certainly desirable. 

This beginning of what we hope may become a bi- 
monthly rose magazine of interest and value depends for 
its continuance on such prompt response as members may 
care to make in criticism and suggestion, and especially in 
providing additions to our membership. It is sent hope- 
fully to all who paid dues to the American Rose Society 
in 1932. Do you want us to keep on? 



The ig33 American Rose Annual will be mailed to paid members oj the 

American Rose Society about March 30 







r 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G. A. Stevens 

Publisbtd bi-montbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 



Subscription price: To members of the American Rose 
Society 75 cts. a year, 15 cts. a copy, which amount is 
included in the annual dues of $3-SO. 

To all others: $1.50 a year, 25 cts. a copy. 

Entry as second-class matter at the Post OfFice at Harris- 
burg, Pa., under the act of March 3, 1879, applied for. 



Volume I, No. 1 



1933 



March-April 



BECAUSE of the Bank Holiday, 
membership renewals have been de- 
layed. The Secretary asks those 
whose checks have been tied up to be pa- 
tient. In some cases it will he necessary to 
ask for new checks. Prompt response to 
such requests will expedite the work. 

Any loss in membership means a loss 
in the dues upon which the Society lives. 
We cannot reduce expenses because they 
are so shght now that practically every 
penny of the dues is returned to each 
member in piibHcations and service. No 
salaries or office rentals are paid. 

We hope this first issue of the American 
Rose Magazine will bring remittances 
from yet unpaid members, so that the 
1033 Annual may be sent. 

This ig^^ Annual will almost immedi- 
ately follow the Magazine. It ^'carries on*' 
the traditions oj excellence and freshness that 
have characterized previous issues. For ex- 
ample, some 48 observers report fearlessly on 
i86newroses in ''The Proof oJ the Pudding." 

The Editors would like to know how 
the members like this new Magazine. We 
hope it can be continued and enlarged, 
but that depends entirely upon the ap- 
proval and support of the membership. 

We have not heard from our members 
in southern California since the alarming 
news of the earthquake reached us. We 
can only hope that the disaster may be less 
than feared and that none of our many 
friends there have met with serious loss. 

Timely articles, a few pictures, notes, 
will be welcomed from members to de- 
velop this beginning into a vital means of 
communication and a forum for vigorous 
presentation of rose opinion. 



leetings in 1933 

April 20-21. Spring meeting of the Southern 
I ivision of the Pacific Coast Regional Rose 
Conference, Redlands, Calif. 

April 29. Seventh meeting of the Central 
Division of the Pacific Coast Regional Rose 
Conference, San Jose, Calif. 

May (probably 24 and 25). Sectional meeting 
of the American Rose Society, in connection 
with the Annual Show and meeting of the 
Roanoke Rose Society, Roanoke, Va. 

June 27, 28, 29 (probably). Annual meeting of 
the American Rose Society, in connection with 
the Rose Show of the Massachusetts Horti- 
cultural Society, Boston, Mass. 

Doubtless many local rose shows will be held 
by Affiliated Societies and Sustaining Member 
Clubs, but at this time dates and details are not 
available. 

Rose-Gardens Open to Members 

Additions to the list of rose-gardens open to 
members as published in the Members' Hand- 
book, issued as part of the June Quarterly of 1.32. 

California. 

Petaluma: Mrs. Maud E. Scrutton, 15 Brown 

Court. 150 roses. Every Sunday in May. 
San Diego: Mrs. Herbert S. Evans, 1506 
Plumosa Way. 145 roses. April and later. 
District of Columbia. 

Washington: Henry P. Erwin, Upton St. and 
Linnean Ave. N. W. Present membership 
card and ask for Mr. Cowans, gardener. 
Georgia. 

Atlanta: Druid Hills Garden Club. Early May. 
Grovetoum: Mrs. John L. Dodge. 
Illinois. 

Wilmette: Charles N. Evans, 2822 Blackhawk 
Rd. Visitors by appointment only. 
Maine. 

Sullivan Harbor: Dr. E. D. Kilgus. 
Massachusetts. 

Cobasset: Mrs. Roger C. Hatch, Roseledge. 
Minnesota. 

New Ulm: Dr. J. H. Vogel. June to September. 
Mississippi. 

Jackson: Mrs. T. B. Cabell, Woodland Hills. 
325 roses, 43 varieties. 
Missouri. 

Clinton: Mrs. H. P. Paris. 

Kansas City: Mr. and Mrs. George J. Miller, 

628 W. 69 Terrace. 
Kansas City: Charles Larabee, 5108 Michigan 

Ave. 
Kansas City: Mrs. A. J. Kelly, Jr., 7312 Jar Ave. 
New York. 

Amityvilley L. I.: Samuel P. Hildreth. 
Locust Valley: August P. Tharin, Brookville 
Rd. 1200 roses. Any time. 
Oregon. 

Portland: E. V. Creed, %7 Carlton Ave. 

75 roses. June 15 to December 15. 
Portland: David Robinson, 242 N. E. 17th 
Ave. 150 roses. June 15 to December 15. 
Tennessee. 

Fountain City: Mrs. J. E. Darr, 211 5th Ave. 
Texas. 

Dallas: Capt. E. Dick Slaughter, "Samarhan," 
Preston Hollow. 



Beginning the Season in the 

Rose ^Garden 



By R. MARION HATTON 



SULPHUR-and-molasses-time is here 
again, which means that it is time 
to put on the old clothes, grab the 
pruning-shears, and head for the rose- 
garden. 

Just as soon as frost-danger is past we 
can uncover our roses. According to the 
books, this work should be done on a 
cloudy day, so that the tender bark of 
the canes can harden up a little before 
sun and wind begin their work of trying 
to burn the plants into dried-up mum- 
mies; but as many of us have to do our 
garden-work when we can, we remove 
the winter protection, sun or no sun, as 
soon as possible after the average date 
of the last killing frost. 

As soon as the plants are uncovered 
they should be pruned. 

There are two principal classes of 
Hybrid Tea roses (and this includes the 
Pernetianas) : those with larger flowers 
of good form suitable for cutting, which 
is the most important group; and a 
smaller group having smaller flowers with 
fewer petals, not so good for cutting but 
on account of their brilliant colors and 
freedom of bloom are splendid roses for 
garden decoration. The former type 
should be pruned hard; cut out at the 
base all very old and all spindly canes, 
and shorten the remaining strong canes 
back to two or three eyes. This will leave 
the canes 2 to 4 inches long, depending 
on the variety, the eyes on some sorts 
being widely spaced while others are 
close together. 

The decorative types may be pruned 
pretty much as one wishes; removal of 
very old and weak canes and cutting 
back the remaining ones to 12 inches will 
give the desired result; or flowers of 
better quality but fewer in quantity can 
be secured by cutting farther back. 

It is good garden practice to spray the 
plants as soon as they are pruned; drench 
both plants and the surrounding soil with 
Bordeaux or Fungtrogen. This will de- 
stroy any disease-spores carried overwinter 
and give the plants a clean bill of health. 



Next comes the feeding, and there is 
nothing to compare with cow-manure for 
roses. (Seed-stores carry dried manures, 
if the real thing is not procurable.) Apply 
the manure liberally and lightly dig it in. 
Spring rains will soon carry it down to 
the roots; a good dressing of hardwood- 
ashes at this time will help a whole lot in 
giving the plants stamina and ability to 
resist mildew; a couple of trowelfuls to 
each plant is not too much. 

Nature usually supplies all the water 
needed in April, but if the skies refuse to 
weep then, use the hose. Roses need a 
lot of moisture when building the new 
plant which is to make you happy a few 
short weeks hence. If we are to keep our 
plants healthy all season and have tliem 
strong and able to carry through next 
winter's cold, the foliage must be kept 
free from disease at all times. 

The old adage, "Prevention is better than 
a cure," is very apt when thinking of roses. 

Spores of black-spot, mildew, canker, 
and rust are ever looking for a chance to 
ruin our plants, and to circumvent them 
the plants must be protected by some 
good fungicide. 

Bordeaux, Fungtrogen, and the Massey 
dust are all popular, but whether spray 
or dust is used, the work must be thor- 
ough; the entire plant, canes as well ^s 
both sides of every leaf, must have their 
protective coating, so that when a wind- 
borne spore alights on the plant it will be 
immediately destroyed by the fungicide. 

Begin the spraying or dusting as soon 
as the new foliage appears and keep it up 
at weekly or at ten-day intervals all 
through the season. Seeing your plants 
attractive with healthy foliage right up 
to frost-time will more than repay for the 
labor involved, to say nothing about the 
extra blooms produced by plants with 
normal foliage. 

Roses are cheaper this year, and there 
are a number of splendid novelties, so 
there should be new plants to set out, and 
a few words about spring planting seem 
appropriate. 



291709 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



The editors of the American Rose 
Annual have for years emphasized the 
importance of care in plantmg, yet prob- 
ably 75 per cent of rose-losses are due to 
inattention to planting details. 

For a dormant plant, dig a hole large 
enough to receive the roots spread out, 
and deep enough so that the bend (the 
knob where the top joins the wild root) 
will just be covered when the bed is level; 
fill the hole with fine soil, free of manure, 
working it well in around the roots; then 
get in with both feet and tramp, tramp, 
tramp, until every root has the soil in 
close contact with it; then fill the hole 
with water and, as soon as this drains 
away, hill up to the top of the canes with 



clean soil; allow these hills to remain for 
two to three weeks. Until the roots can 
put out new feeding rootlets and begin 
taking up moisture from the soil, the 
canes must be protected, otherwise the 
plant has no means of replacmg the water 
which sun and wind draw out of the canes. 
Without this temporary protection the 
plant either dies or becomes weakened. 

Potted plants set out in a grow-ing con- 
dition should receive some shade tor a 
few davs if the sunlight is at all strong. 

And'^don't forget to water these newly 
planted roses. Remember that until they 
can put out new roots to go m search ot 
water, the moisture within their reach is 
quickly absorbed. 



ing Guide for New Roses 

Many members have^inquired where the new Apeles MesUes. CI.HT. . . • • 3Jl.: 

;es. discussed in the "Proof of the Puddmg 



Buy 



each'vear. can be obtained At the Editor s re 
quest; J. H. Nicohis assembled the followmg lis. 
of new varieties, with the names of dealers trom 
whom they could be obtained Additional intor- 
mation has been furnished from the Editors 
office to make it as complete as possible. 

Prepared as a service to members ot this 
Society, this list is presented without assuming 
any responsibility whatever in respect to descrip- 
tions, plants, prices, or any other matter Doubt- 
less, many more dealers could be listed who handle 
some of these varieties, but these are all that could 
be found in a hurried though careful search. 

The numbers following the names of the roses 
indicate the nurseries which offer them. 1 hese 
nurseries are identified by number, as toUows: 

1 . Armstrong Nurseries, Ontario, Calif. 

2. Bobbink & Atkins, Rutherford, N. J. 

3. Joseph Breck & Sons, Boston, Mass. 

4. The Conard-Pyle Co., West Grove, Pa. 

5. Dixie Rose Nursery, Tyler, Texas. 

6. Henrv A. Dreer, Philadelphia^^ Pa. . 

7. Glen'^Saint Mary Nurseries Co., Olen bamt 

Marv, Fla. 

8. V. S. Hillock, Arlington, Texas. 

9. Howard & Smith, Montebello, Calit. 

10. Reynolds Farm, South Norwalk, Conn. 

1 1. Rose Valley Nurseries, Lyons, N. Y. 

12. Stumpp & Walter Co., New York, N. Y. 

* Roses so marked have been generally dis- 
tributed to the retail trade, and may be bought 
locally, or from dealers whose catalogues we do 
not have. 

Allen's Fragrant Pillar. CI.HT 3,11 

Ambassador. HT \^^ 

Amelia Earhart. HT ^. ^ 



Apeles Mestres 

Aroma. HT. . ^ 

Australia Felix. HW. • •■ . • _ V o ii' * 
Autumn. HT. • • • • • 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, U 

Barbara Richards. HT | J» ^ 

Belgica. HT i a 17 

Betty Sutor. HT 19 «q 

TJi.^t R^.r ri HT. 1,2,8,9 

1.2,3,4,5,6,11,12.* 

9 



Black Bov. CI.HT 
Blaze. HW. . . • 
Bloomfield Brilliant. H.Gig. 

Bloomfield Flame. HT. ^ 

Bloomfield Lustre. H-C[- • ^ 

Bloomfield Quakeress. CI.T 

Bushfire. HW % 

Cameo. D.Poly "'2 

Cathrine Kordes. HT. . ■ 

Chaplin's Crimson Glow. HW UA" 

Clara d'Arcis. HT. .^ ^ 

Condessa de Sastago. HT^ ■ 

Countess of Stradbroke. Cl.fi 1. . • • v ■ 7 ; 

Countess Vandal. HT ^'^'^'^^6 

Dainty. Poly o ":> V 7 Vi 1 

Daydream. CI.HT 2,3,6,/ 8 11 

Dazla. HT ' ' Va 

Dolly Varden. Poly 2 if' * 

Dotty. HT o iV 11 

Dr. Eckener. H.Rug 2,4,(:>, u 

Duchess of Montrose. HT. 
Duquesa de Penaranda. HT. 

Eclair. HP 

Edith Krause. HT. 



6 

. 4 

11,* 

11,* 



Eduard Schill. HT -.in* 

E. J. Ludding. HT ' ' ' * 

Essence. HT ' ^ 

Felbergs Rosa Druschki. HP ^ ^ 

Fireball. Poly 2, b 

Frau E. Weigand. HT ^ 

Gertrud Huck. HT , \ a '^ q o 11 

Gloria Mundi. Poly . • ■ • 1 . 2, 4. 6, 8, 9 1 1 
Golden Salmon Superior. Polv ^» ^ ^ _ 



Heinrich Eggers. HT 2 

Heinrich Wendland. HT 2,6,11,* 

Helena Van Vliet. Cl.PoIy 2 

Henri Linger. HW 2 

Henry Pauthier. HT 4 

Hermann Eggers. HT 2 

Hermann Lindecke. HT 2 

Hinrich Gaede. HT 6 

Ingar Olsson. Poly 11,* 

Johanna Tantau. Poly. 4, 9 

Juliet Staunton Clark. HT 11,* 

Kitty Kininmonth. CI.HT. . . . 1,2,7,9,11 

Kidwai. HT 6 

Kluis Scarlet. Poly 11,* 

League of Nations. HT 2 

LesRosati. HP 11,* 

Laure Soupert. HM 11 

Lilian. HT H, * 

Lord Rossmore. HT 2 

Louise Krause. HT 11,* 

Lucile Rand. HT 6 

Lydia. HT. 6 

Marchioness of Linlithgow. HT 6 

Margaret Anderson. H.Cl 9 

Mane Maass. HT 2 

Marie- Rose. CI. Poly 2 

Mary Hart. HT. . ^ 3,4, 11,* 

Mary Hicks. Cl.Poly 2 

Max Krause. HT 3,4, 11,* 

McGredy's Scarlet. HT. . . 1,2,4,6,9,12 

Mermaid. H.Brac 1,2,4,8,9 

Miss Marion Manifold. CI.HT 2, 6, 9 

Mme. Louise Tremeau. HT 4 

Mrs. Dudley Fulton. Poly 1 

Mrs. Sam McGredy. HT. . . . 1, 2, 3, 6. 11. * 

New Dawn. HW 2,3,4,5.6.11,12 

Nicole. HT 4 

Nora Cuningham. CI.HT 2,7,11 



Olympiad. HT 1,3,5,6,9,11,12,* 

Oswald Sieper. HT 4 

Paris. Poly 6, 11,* 

Paul Grampel. Poly 2, 4, 6, 1 1 

Portadown Fragrance. HT 6, 1 1 

Pedro Veyrat. HT 4 

Primrose. HW 2,3,4,5,6,9,11,12 

President Plumecocq. HT 4 

Professeur Emile Perrot. Dam 11 

Professor Schmeil. HT 11 

Red Echo. Poly 11,* 

Romance. HT * 

Rosella Sweet. HT 6 

Roslyn. HT 2,8. 11.* 

Royal Scarlet Hybrid. HW 2, 4 

Rudolf Alexander Schroder. HT 2 

San Jose. HT * 

Scarlet Button. D.PoIv 6, 8, 9 

Scorcher. CI.HT.. . '. 2,3,4.5,7,8,11 

Sir Henry Segrave. HT. 6 

Soeur Ther^se. HT 4 

Sophie Thomas. CI.HT 9 

Souvenir. HT 3, 4, 5. 1 1 , * 

Souvenir de Mme. C. Chambard. H T. ... 4 

Souvenir de Henri Faassen. HT 2 

Souvenir de Pierre Guillot. HT 2 

Sparkler. Poly 2. 6. 1 1 

Stammler. HP 4 

Sunday Best. CI.HT. . • 2, 7 

Sunkist. HT 1, n,* 

Sunny South. HT 2, 4, 7 

Sunshine. Poly 2 

Swansdown. HT 2, 6 

Vanguard. H.Rug 3,4,11,* 

Vaterland. HT 2,5,6,8,9,11,12 

Victoria Harrington. HT 9 

Viktoria Adelheid. HT 6 

William Orr. HT 2,6, 11, * 



In Difficult Kentucky 

By MRS. GEORGE W. BABCOCK, Rockledge, Ky. 



AmuIetrHT"-. ■ ! l :.:.:.:.'. 4 Governor Alfred E. Smith. HT 

Annie Brandt. HT 'J 

Annie de Metz. HT 4 



10 

Grenoble. HT ^ f. 

GwenNash. CI.HT 2,9 



WHAT other flower than the rose 
rewards us for our trouble with a 
succession of blooms from May 
until heavy frosts? I am glad of this 
opportunity to write of the constant joy 
well-grown Hybrid Tea rose plants give 
us in return for what we do for them. It 
is perfectly true they do require care, but 
what have any of us in our homes or in 
our gardens that does not? 

For example, I intuitively feel that my 
children, on their very best behavior, 
when dragged in to "speak to the ladies" 
are not always unreservedly welcome, 
particularly when the aforesaid ladies are 
deep in a hard-fought game of contract 
bridge. Imagine the feelings of my card- 
piaying contemporaries if the children 
came in on their worst behavior! 

Children, flowers, fruits, vegetables. 



chickens, and dogs ail need care and at- 
tention. I am told that even a well- 
trained flea is a great joy to its proud 
possessor. I do not own a flea — at least 
I do not think I do — but I am, neverthe- 
less, convinced that if I did have a well- 
trained flea I would be justly proud of it, 
whereas a wild, uncared-for flea would 
be a constant source of embarrassment 
and discomfort. So it is with roses. 

We became interested in growing the 
rose when, one morning, out of the blue, 
apparently, a catalogue entitled "A 
Little Book About Roses" met my eye 
at the breakfast table. It proved to be 
George H. Peterson's catalogue; why we 
got it will always remain a mystery. It 
had a most intriguing, beautifully colored 
rose on the outside cover, and even more 
beguiling colored pictures inside. But 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



what really caught my eye in the opening 
paragraph was this bald statement: 
"Anybody who can grow good cabbages 
or any vegetable can grow good roses. 
The season being early fall and the de- 
lights of our vegetable garden the past 
summer still fresh in my mind, I was 
immediately sold. An extract from niy 
garden book, written a little later, might 
be enlightening: "Nov., 1927— Have 
planted seventy-odd roses on^ west hill 
side; George thinks I am crazy." (George, 
besides being the head gardener at that 
time, although since demoted, is my 
husband.) 

I secretly feared he w^as pertectly 
correct, and when I went to see the 
florists, they backed up his judgment, 
almost to a man. "The climate is too 
difficult here; too much freezing and 
thawing; too many diseases, bugs, etc." 
Still clinging desperately to the remaining 
straws, the pictures in the attractive 
catalogue and the delicious home-grown 
cabbages, I persisted, joined the American 
Rose Society, bought all the rose literature 
extant at that time, and read, and read, 
and read. Then, following instructions 
as well as I could, we prepared the beds. 
In due time the plants were put in and I 
settled down to the longest winter of my 
existence! 

Every hard freeze— and there were 
many, each followed as usual in this climate 
by an equally hard thaw — caused sleep- 
less nights. Spring eventually came; 
with the uncovering, pruning, spraying, 
and cultivating to be done, I found, to 
my dismay, the more I read the more 
dazed I became. So the regime was 
changed. I gave up reading and took to 
the pen, writing volumes of questions to 
my new friend of the catalogue, Mr. 
Peterson, — questions which must have 
tried his patience exceedingly, such as, 
"What does pruning to an outside eye 
mean?," etc. However, he was game to 
the last, and answered the weekly 
epistles, one and all. 

Thus the story goes on about this, the 
beginning of our persistent and yet con- 
tinuing attack of "Roseitis," as it might be 
called. The nerve-wracking uncovering of 
the plants in the spring; the happy dis- 
covery of live shoots; then after a good 



rain, the many signs of life; the prelimi- 
nary pruning; later the final pruning, book 
in one hand, clippers in the other, until 
my hands became too bloody and thorny 
to hold any self-respecting book. I fear 
Mr. Peterson, after all his patient expla- 
nations, would have shuddered to see the 
results of that first pruning. Evidently, 
from the ingrowing canes and inter-cross- 
ing of numerous branches, I pruned to 
many an inside eye; but they grew and 
they bloomed, even if one had to dive 
into the middle of the bush to find them. 
I have no idea who wrote the poem "The 
Last Rose of Summer," or how much of 
a thrill he got over that historical last 
bloom, but whoever he was I know he 
could not have had the pleasure over his 
last rose that we did over our first one, 
blooming that month of May for us. It 
was, by name, Betty Uprichard, a lovely 
two-toned pink, at her best in about a 
three-quarter bud stage, and never was 
anything lovelier! 

To go on with our experiences, let me 
admit that our climatic conditions are 
difficult, wherefore I will try to tell you 
what we have done and what has worked 
out best for us in our five years' experi- 
ence. First and foremost, we bought 
good, budded, two-year-old, field-grown 
plants from reliable growers. I can recom- 
mend those with whom we have dealt: 
George H. Peterson, Inc.; The Conard- 
Pyle Co.; Robert E. Hughes; Henry A. 
Dreer; and Bobbink & Atkins. 

There is no necessity of going into the 
budded versus own-root controversy here. 
I exclude Radiance, which will grow on 
its own roots or anybody else's, anywhere 
for anybody, apparently, but for the rest 
of the everblooming roses there is no 
argument. The budded stock is, for us, 
much stronger, drawing on the under- 
stock's rugged constitution. 

Another question, much argued and 
most important, is the type of soil best 
suited to roses. Here, again, in my 
opinion, there is no argument. Just plain 
clay loam is best. I have seen them 
growing in a light, crumbly-feeling, black 
soil in Massachusetts, in the back yard 
of a noted rosarian there, 10,000 strong. 
I am not at all convinced, however, that 
they might not grow just as well in clay 



i 



in that locality. But this is not Massa- 
chusetts, and here a clay soil suits them. 
The bushes I have seen in the light soil in 
our locality are not strong. I had occasion, 
this past December, to plant some roses 
for an absent friend. The gardener 
telephoned me, as we had arranged, the 
minute the plants arrived. I was much 
distressed to see he had taken the natural 
clay soil out and prepared the bed, adding 
leaf-mold until the soil was black and 
crumbly, when the proper soil was right 
there. I hope these plants, which were 
excellent, will thrive, but I do not feel 
optimistic about them. 

For us, the late fall or early winter has 
proved much the most successful time for 
planting. It is better to go by the weather 
in this, rather than the calendar; we 
plant just as long as the ground is open. 
They get oft to a much better start, in 
race-horse parlance, than is possible in 
spring planting. Plant your bushes close 
together, even 14 to 17 inches apart, their 
branches thus mingling and shading their 
roots. A rose bush, as a thing apart, is 
not always beautiful, but a mass of rose 
plants in bloom is. Varieties like Padre 
that make a straight, upright growth we 
plant about 13 inches apart; more spread- 
ing types, never more than 17 inches. We 
have tried this out and the closer planted 
ones have done much better. If there is 
good drainage, which is absolutely neces- 
sary, it is not obligatory to go to elaborate 
care in preparing the beds. Our first beds, 
prepared long in advance, dug almost 
23^ feet deep, with much labor, did no 
better, — really not as well, — as the next 
planting. These last beds, having good 
drainage, were dug about 18 inches deep, 
with well-rotted manure forked into the 
subsoil, and a little bonemeal worked in 
the earth; the bed was allowed about a 
week to settle, and that was all. 

The beds being ready, we come to the 
actual planting. I would like to tell all 
about it, but I know our Editors* space 
is precious, and than any sensible planter 
has "How to Grow Roses," or Mr. 
Stevens' "Roses for the Little Garden," 
which is my Bible on roses. 

But after planting, be sure to spray 
them all before hilling up — this means the 
ground, too — with lime-suIphur. After 



this, whether planted in spring or fall, 
draw the earth up around them as high 
as it will mound. In fall planting it is 
left all winter; in spring, long enough to 
protect the newly planted rose from sun 
and drying wind, until it becomes estab- 
lished. There are a few inexplicable losses 
incurred in winter, no matter how much 
care is taken, and these are replaced with 
very early spring planting. If losses over 
winter are very heavy, this usually points 
to summer neglect. 

Before hilling up in winter, carefully 
inspect them all; remove all suspicious- 
looking spots on canes by cutting below 
the spot; then hill them up with clay. A 
few days later, fill the hollow places made 
between the hills with fresh cow-manure, 
not touching the plants. This, I realize, 
is not always available, and I do not 
suppose is absolutely necessary. After 
this, when the ground has frozen hard, 
we cover the beds with rye-straw or dried 
leaves. We always give our plants sev- 
eral sprayings of lime-sulphur or Bordeaux 
mixture in the winter. 

In the early spring, when the plants 
seem to be waking up, the dirt and manure 
are removed (some of the manure is left 
to be forked into the ground), the dead 
wood again cut out, then the straw or 
leaves thrown back. This year the cover- 
ing of straw is not on, nor has the 
ground frozen, so it will be difficult to 
know just when to remove what little 
covering they have. Personally, I antici- 
pate a hard freeze in May, or a snow- 
storm. We can only cope with all this 
when the time arrives, and do our best 
to outwit the weather with, undoubtedly, 
the usual results. The weather is hard to 
out-guessi After the first rough pruning, 
generally in early March in this locality, 
the real pruning starts several weeks later. 
And here again I refer to the books, 
including "What Every Rose-Grower 
Should Know," as supplied to the 
Society's members. 

Unfortunately, as I want to encourage, 
not discourage, prospective rose-growers, 
I sorrowfully enter the bug kingdom, as 
the parade begins here in early spring, 
ushered in by the aphides or green plant- 
lice. Again the whole story has been 
repeated for us in good books, and we can 



8 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



care for our plants against the bugs and 
bothers by sedulously following the in- 
structions provided. The diseases com- 
monly affecting rose plants are but 
three— black-spot, canker, and mildew — 
and the greatest of these is black-spot. 
Mildew is best controlled by sulphur dust; 
wood-ashes, worked into the soil, also 
checks it, and, incidentally, is very good 
for the roses. We have practically no 
trouble with mildew. Black-spot! I 
would 1 could say the same of that! It 
spreads with alarming rapidity and if not 
checked will completely defoliate the 
plant. Conscientious dusting every ten 
days with Pomo-Green is- the best 
remedy. Added to this, we try to dust 
the plants before every rain. In hot dry 
seasons, red spider sometimes attacks the 
plants, as shown by a dry, rusty appear- 
ance of the leaves. We use the hose for 
this, with hard pressure, spraying the 
under side of the leaves, always in the 
morning to prevent the plants going into 
the night wet. 

It seems to me I have seen rnore plants 
looking as if they were dying of starvation 
than of indigestion. With the exception 
of an occasional dose of bonemeal, our 
plants get only home-made fertilization 
with liquid cow-manure, starting in the 
spring when the plants have made good 
growth, and continuing, with a two- or 
three-weeks' pause in midsummer, until 
about September 1. Also, wood-ashes, 
acquired this winter by the sweat of 
many brows, my long-suffering family 
gasping for breath, opening windows, and 
ostentatiously placing the thermometer, 
hovering between 80° and 90°, where I 
could not avoid seeing it. Still the fires 
blaze on! These ashes, about a handful 
to a plant, worked into the soil early in 
the season, and the liquid cow-manure, 
almost half a gallon each to strong plants, 
less to weak ones, make up the diet of 
our roses, and they bloom and thrive on it. 
The question of disbudding roses is 
more or less a matter of taste, whether 
you prefer your flowers in clusters or 
singly. We always pinch out the tight 
little side-buds which do no good and 
crowd the main bloom. This recalls a sad 
story, and although it happened last 
summer I still, in looking back, experi- 



ence a sinking sensation. I was busily 
engaged in disbudding, and had my small 
3-year-oId son with me. Absorbed in my 
work, I suddenly realized he was very 
quiet, too quiet to augur anything but 
trouble. Turning, I found he had been 
following me at a safe distance, and with 
the same patient thoroughness with which 
I was removing the side-buds he was 
removing the main ones. I can still see 
the long, headless canes waving in the 
gentle breeze, a picture I cannot recall 
without a shudder. 

I do not know that I could even tell you 

what my favorite rose is. It is almost 

every rose as it comes into bloom, but I 

believe the gorgeous red rose, Etoile de 

Hollande, with its perfect form, exquisite 

color, and long stems is my rose of all 

roses. It is just about unbeatable. If we 

could have only a dozen rose plants, I 

would have Mrs. Erskine Pembroke 

Thorn, Padre (an indescribable color), 

Mrs. Sam McGredy, President Herbert 

Hoover, Rev. F. Page-Roberts, Etoile de 

Hollande, Charles P. Kilham, Jules 

Gaujard (although he does not bloom as 

much as we would like), JVlevrouw G. A. 

van Rossem, Souvenir de Georges Pernet, 

Mrs. A. R. Barraclough, Talisman, E. G. 

Hill, and Joanna Hill. That's over a 

dozen, but where could one stop? Truly, 

I hope the Fates will never be so unkind 

as to hold me down to a dozen roses, as I 

have left out many that I love! And again 

I say, what flower does for us all that the 

rose does? — so generously rewards us 

from early spring until freezing weather, 

blooming bravely on through the first 

frosts that blacken our dahlias and 

cosmos, until forced finally, after one 

glorious, continuous display, to cease 

because it is really winter. 

My fancy wavers a little, but not for 
long. In early March, as the narcissus 
come, and we have a large bowl of them 
in the living-room, I say to myself, from 
the depths of my flower-starved soul, 
nothing could prettier. Then along come 
the tulips, and I think they are just a bit 
more lovely. Then the peonies, and I 
waver again, but when the roses come 
with all their wealth of glorious color and 
entrancing perfume, I know there is no 
more argument! 



Joys and Mistakes of an Amateur 

By MRS. B. A. JACKSON, Brightwaters, Long Island, N. Y. 



li V 



TO HAVE a rose-bed without cut- 
ting up the lawn, and to avoid large 
oak trees, I was compelled to place 
it where it was partially shaded on one 
side. This side, too, did not get much air- 
movement, and yet the sun passed over 
it all at some part of the day. My gar- 
dener dug it very deep, gave it a drainage- 
base of broken stones and bricks, and 
proceeded, as usual, with broken sod, 
manure, soil, etc. We let it settle about 
two weeks, before planting. 

The spring of 1930 showed a loss of 
only one plant among the 35 roses, and 
that was Richard E. West. The other 
Richard West died later — the usual per- 
formance of this rose in my garden. 

We had quantities of bloom, and some 
black-spot. All looked very well for a 
first-year bed. 

In the autumn of 1930, I started 
another rose-bed west of what I called 
the "drained" one, but this one, I decided, 
after reading quite a few articles on the 
subject, would not have drainage in the 
bottom, for in our locality there seems to 
be sandy soil when we dig deeply. (The 
top-soil in my garden is heavier and con- 
tains much humus.) We mixed the soil 
with bonemeal and well-rotted cow- 
manure and let the bed stand for two 
weeks. Then we dug deep holes and made 
a rnound of earth in the center of each by 
filling a flower-pot with soil and turning 
it out in the center of the hole. Upon this 
we placed the rose, spread all roots out, 
and filled in with fine soil part way, then 
poured in water to force the soil all 
around the roots, after which we filled 
up the hole, leaving the bud about an 
inch, no deeper, below the surface. 

We did the same kind of conventionally 
careful planting in the first drained bed 
the year before, but the results have been 
very different. I found, in the summer of 
1931, the und rained roses far superior to 
those in the drained bed, and upon 
investigating, discovered why. The soil 
had filtered through the drainage and had 
pulled down the roses, making the roots 
turn up from the pressure and dragging 
the bud too far below the surface. This 



had not been noticed when making the 
surface of the beds even. Perhaps we had 
not put enough old sod over the drainage 
to prevent the soil seeping down. How- 
ever, I had quantities of beautiful blos- 
soms at first. 

This year, I found Fungtrogen inade- 
quate to control black-spot. Where the 
bed was more shaded it really needed 
some of the sulphur dusts. My roses 
were not troubled with mildew at all. I 
had used scotch soot, tobacco dust, peat- 
moss, and powdered bonemeal at different 
times on surface soil and had sprayed for 
aphis with various things but those bugs 
have nine lives! 

There were 90 rose bushes in the two 
beds, of which the most vigorous plants 
and those which I always want for 
quantity of bloom are: Columbia, Feu 
Joseph Looymans, Imperial Potentate, 
Lady Margaret Stewart, Lady Pirrie, 
Mme. Butterfly, Mrs. Aaron Ward, Miss 
Cynthia Forde, Ophelia, Roselandia, Rap- 
ture, Talisman, and Mrs. Erskine Pem- 
broke Thom. Betty Uprichard had weak 
stems; Miss Lolita Armour was a fairly 
strong plant but balled; Wilhelm Kordes 
did fairly well; Los Angeles was weak. 

It is hard to judge the other bushes 
that had been struggling for existence 
through my fault in the planting, so I will 
not list them now. I have reset them, and 
hope for better results next year. A near- 
by friend used Pomodust for protection 
against disease, and Driconure as a fertili- 
zer, and had wonderful plants, marvelous 
blooms, and not a great deal of black-spot. 

There are some roses, I am inclined to 
think, which should be treated as annuals. 
They are lovely, and one wants them, but 
they seem — at least in my garden — too 
delicate to last. After all the trouble, I 
love roses and hope I shall never be with- 
out them. Another evidence of their 
being worthy is the fact that today 
(November 20) I still have buds on 
Rapture (which is 46 inches high) and 
many others. 

These are the joys of my garden and 
they make me forget all else, save that I 
am making four new rose-beds for 1933. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Sustaining and Affiliated Organizations 



11 



ROSE SOCIETY OF SANTA CLARA 
COUNTY 

San Jose Municipal Rose-Garden Established 

The year 1932 was an eventful and exceedingly 
busy one in the hfe of the Rose Society of Santa 
Clara Countv. Our main activity was the estab- 
hshing of the 5H-acre Municipal Rose-Garden 
in the city of San Jose. During the month of 
iMarch, members of the Society spent many 
weary hours in this garden, personally supervis- 
ing the planting of more than 6000 rose bushes, 
also several hundred shrubs and trees of the 
RosaceiE family. Due to the intelligent and 
careful setting out of these plants, the subsequent 
growth was exceptionally vigorous, and the 
garden was a glorious mass of bloom from early 
May until mid-December. 

Late in the month of June, several hundred 
roses of the fragrant old-tirne varieties and many 
of the very new introductions were budded on 
Odorata stock. This work was done by three 
of our loyal members. Dr. C. E. Adams, Dr. 
G. Wisner, and C. H. Stocking. All of these 
budded roses flourished and were ready for 
planting in the garden this spring. 

On May 12, members of the Society furnished 
700 Paul Neyron rose blooms, and a committee, 
under the guidance of Mrs. F. Roy Hay ward, 
decorated the stage for the crowning of the Queen 
of the Fiesta de las Rosas. These peony-like 
roses, with tall spikes of delphinium, made a 
decidedly stunning setting for the queen. 

Our annual rose show was held in the Hotel 
Sainte Claire ballroom on April 20 and was very 
largely attended by the public. 

Quite an attractive exhibit of roses was made 
at the great flower show held during the three- 
day celebration of the Fiesta de las Rosas, 
May 19-21. However, it was much too late in 
the season for our finest rose blooms. 

During the summer months, delightful meet- 
ings were held in the rose-gardens of members. 

Several interesting pilgrimages were enjoyed 
throughout the year, among the most delightful 
being a trip to Napa City where we were the 
guests of the Napa Rose Club. Their hospitality 
was boundless and their gardens superb. 

In July, Mr. and Mrs. George Roeding, Jr., of 
Niles, entertained our members in the famous 
"Show Garden" of the California Nursery 
Company. After luncheon their vast rose-fields 
were visited and many new roses inspected. 

The Annual Meeting, in December, 1932, was 
celebrated by a dinner with more than a hundred 
members in attendance. Our city officials who 
had cooperated so splendidly in establishing 
San Jose's Municipal Rose-Garden were the 
guests of honor at this dinner. A very enter- 
taining talk on "The Making of Attar of Roses" 
was given by Princess Ghika of Roumania. 

The following officers were unanimously 
elected to serve during the year 1933: President, 
Miss Louise Flemming; Secretary, Mrs. H. M. 
Buffington; Treasurer, Mrs. George Hegerich. 

— Mary C. Derby. 



SAN DIEGO ROSE SOCIETY 

Birthday Party 

The San Diego Rose Society celebrated its 
sixth anniversary with a Birthday Party on 
February 6. More than fifty members sat down 
to an excellent dinner, topped with a huge 
birthday cake which the management of the 
Cafe Cabrillo presented in honor of the occasion. 
As the party entered the banquet-room, 
"Oh's" and "Ah's" were heard on every hand— 
the beauty of the scene was so entrancing. Roses 
and other flowers and greens from members' 
gardens were used in profusion on the tables and 
about the room, while unique and attractive 
favors at each plate lent much to the festive air. 
Greetings from Dr. J. Horace McFarland 
were read and got a good hand. The President 
announced the personnel of the following working 
committees: Membership, Programme, Show, 
Hostess, Pilgrimage (out-of-county trips), Garden 
Tours (local). Finance, Municipal Rose-Garden, 
and Clinic, indicating something of the scope of 
activities planned for the year. A place was 
found for every active member of the Society 
on one or more of these committees. 

The Society voted to maintain its affiliation 
with the American Rose Society and the National 
Rose Society of England. 

"1933, a Year of Progress" was adopted as the 
Society's slogan. 

As it is customary to have presented a prac- 
tical, seasonal, cultural topic at the^ regular 
monthly dinners, a splendid paper on "Feedmg 
Roses" was read by Robert J. Conyers, and 
discussed with much benefit. 

The Special Birthday Party Committee then 
took charge of the programme, and as its first 
feature presented Miss Rena Case, talented 
young soprano, whose singing of a well-chosen 
group of selections was delightful and of high 
order. Miss Elizabeth Case was at the piano. 

A brief historical sketch of the Society was 
read, noting the many distinguished rosarians 
whom the Society had had the honor of enter- 
taining. These included Dr. Edmund M. Mills, 
Dr. J. Horace McFarland, the late Jesse A. 
Currey, Prof. E. A. White, S. S. Pennock, Fred 
H. Howard, and Dr. L. M. Massey. 

The historian mentioned the many successful 
shows staged by the Society, in which roses were 
shown exclusively, citing the Spring Show of 
1931 as the largest showing of outdoor-grown 
roses held anywhere in America and the recent 
Fall Show of 1932 as probably the most artis- 
tically staged rose show ever held anywhere. 

Mention was also made of the many successful 
pilgrimages to gardens in Los Angeles, Orange, 
Riverside, and San Bernardino counties; notably, 
the gardens of the late Capt. George C. Thomas, 
Jr., at Beverly Hills, and the Bennett garden in 
Los Angeles, noted for its fine roses, its genuine 
hospitality, and its delicious barbecue luncheons. 
The historian opined that the series of garden 
visits and dinners neld in different sections of the 
county during the summer and autumn months 



were responsil le for the increased average atten- 
dance at our meetings last year, as well as an 
increased interest in tne Society. 

Interesting features of the entertainment 
provided were guessing contests for which prizes 
were offered. One called for the correct naming 
of 25 colored illustrations clipped from rose 
catalogues. Catalogue makers snould have been 
present to hear some of the comments when the 
name of the rose the illustration was intended to 
represent was revealed by the Committee. 
Another was the supplying of the names of roses 
which best answered a list of questions presented. 
For example: "What must every successful 
rose-grower have?" Answer, "Patience." "That 
which is expected of every woman." Answer, 
"Modesty." There were musical charades and 
charades using poems, all with a rose-point to 
them, and finally a "Rose Party" copied from 
the "Donkey Party" of our youthful days. In 
this instance, however, the blindfolded subject's 
task was to pin a rose on the vacant stem of the 
diagram of a rose bush, as we used to try to 
pin the tail on the donkey back in the 90's. 

A New Service 

A feature of service to its members inaugu- 
rated this year by the San Diego Rose Society is 
its "Rose Clinic." This Clinic is composed of 
experienced, practical rose-growers and is headed 
by a member of the local staff of the State 
Department of Agriculture. The Clinic is to be 
in session at the conclusion of the regular 
monthly meetings of the Society, to pass on 
specimens that may be brought in by members, 
and to hear of any difficulties any member may 
be having. Where trouble appears to be serious 
and correct diagnosis cannot be made by speci- 
mens brought, the Clinic will adjourn, to meet by 
appointment in the member's garden to deter- 
mine the cause of the trouble and recommend 
proper treatment therefor. No charge is to be 
made to members for this service; however, if 
members feel that they have been greatly 
benefited they may show their appreciation by 
making a suitable donation to the treasury of the 
Society, this to be entirely voluntary, however. 

— Forrest L. Hieatt. 

NAPA VALLEY ROSE CLUB 

Municipal Rose-Garden Progressing 

It was amazing how quickly our roses bloomed 
last year! Early March we overlooked a bare 

f)lot. A few weeks later our 300 roses were 
if ting gay banners to the breeze and were charm- 
ing indeed with their unusual depth of color in 
contrast to the lawn. Even the stone-paved 
paths were attractive, for up and down their 
length the Polyanthas were bearing great heads 
ol bloom that persisted into winter — they made 
a fine show. 

The roses in the main beds attained excellent 
size, many growing breast-high, but the highest, 
William F. Dreer, grew shoulder-high. They were 
well watered, as pipes were laid before we planted. 
Around the boundaries of the garden are bloom- 
ing fruit trees, to give the roses needed shade. 
Our garden is one of experiment rather than a 



show garden. We seek to know the rose or roses 
best suited to our valley and its climatic con- 
ditions, so that beginners in rose-culture may 
find an easy path to paradise. Our aspiration 
calls for Napa Valley and its towns full of ex- 
quisite roses, on every road and street; so we 
have beds of single roses, or red ones, or \ ellow, 
pink, but none of one variety. Also a bed for the 
roses of olden days, whose parent plants came 
to Napa nearly eighty years ago. 

As our country is mformal, our rose-garden is 
also planted in this manner. Its size is roughly 
80 by 110 feet, but this season, due to the hard 
work of one of our members who budded over 
150 new roses on Odorata stock, we are going 
to plant a considerable addition to the original 
garden. We are most fortunate in having very 
enthusiastic local organizations and individuals. 
Due to their unstinted cooperation, together 
with that of the city of Napa, our Rose-Garden 
sprang into being almost overnight, and has had 
excellent care ever since. In fact, donations are 
still occasionally being received for the benefit of 
our garden. Particular mention should be made 
of two California firms who gave us great help — 
Armstrong Nurseries, of Ontario, and Mr. C. H. 
Stocking, of San Jose. 

We look to the future with great confidence. 
Interest in the rose is growing rapidly. Our 
garden, already heavily fertilized for spring 
bloom, seems ready to display glories unequaled, 
as new growth rapidly makes progress these 
warm, sunny days. In the not-too-distant future 
we undoubtedly will have great things to tell of 
the roses of our beloved Napa Valley. Tales are 
told of pioneers bringing slips or cuttings of old 
roses, in boxesof earth, from their homes across the 
continent, to the shores of the Pacific. Wouldn't 
it be wonderful if they could see how fully their 
dreams of beauty have been realized? 

— Florence Forbes. 

DALLAS CHAPTER, AMERICAN ROSE 

SOCIETY 

Arousing Interest 

Members in Dallas, Texas, have perfected an 
organization known as "Dallas Chapter, Ameri- 
can Rose Society." The Chapter is an outgrowth 
of the activities of the Dallas Garden Club and 
the Dallas Rose Lovers League, two former 
affiliated organizations. 

A constitution and by-laws conforming closely 
to those of the parent organization have been 
adopted, and a president, vice-president, secre- 
tary, treasurer, and five trustees have been 
elected. An aggressive campaign to acquaint 
rose-growers with the advantages of membership 
in the American Rose Society is being con- 
ducted. 

Old handbooks of the Society have been 
searched for names of former members residing 
in Dallas, addresses are then verified and the 
names put on the mailing-list, to receive news of 
the Chapter. Names of visitors at meetings are 
obtained, and they are then invited by letter to 
become members. 

Regular meetings are held the first Monday 
in eacn month, at 10 a.m., and mid-month meet- 



12 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



ings are held on Sunday afternoon, usually at 
2 P.M. The Sunday meetings are usually held at 
the home or in the garden of some member ot 

the Chapter. . - . 

Suitable programmes covermg matters ot m- 
terest at the moment are presented at meetings, 
such topics as pruning, spraying, dusting, 
mulches, fertilizers, watering, disbudding, under- 
stocks, planting methods, budding, hybridization, 
proper cutting of flowers, etc., being discussed 
or demonstrated by experts. A round-table 
discussion and question-box are always features 
of the meetings. Members are invited to discuss 
their troubles or triumphs. Pilgrimages to the 
fields of near-by growers are planned during the 
blooming season. . 

A Publicity Committee has been appointed to 
establish close contact with the local papers, 
thereby creating additional interest in the work 
of the Chapter. 

Minutes of the meetings are mailed to all 
members, keeping those who are prevented from 
attending accurately informed of the business 
and endeavors of the organization. 

Dallas has an excellent municipal rose-garden 
located less than ten minutes' from the business 
section. It is under the supervision of the Park 
Department. Over fifty varieties are arranged in 
beds appropriately designed, and climbers adorn 
arches and trellises placed at vantage points. 
Excellent care is given the garden, and a mass of 
color greets the visitor from the middle of April 
until Christmas. 

It is the hope of the Dallas Chapter to have a 
real test-garden established as a part of this 
planting, for the further dissemination of in- 
formation relative to the new introductions. 

While membership in the American Rose 
Society is the only requirement for membership 
in the local Chapter, the public is invited to 
attend the discussions and demonstrations, as the 
object of the Chapter, like the parent organiza- 
tion, is primarily to create more interest in the 
growing and culture of the rose, knowing that as 
this interest grows membership in the Society 
will increase. 

The Big Freeze 

An unusually warm January had caused new 
growth to start about the 20th, and as the tem- 
perature dropped from 58° at 1.30 a.m. on 
February 6 to 10° at 6 a.m., followed by a low 
of 2° the next morning and staying below 20° 
until Saturday, the damage was terrific. It was 
the coldest February weather in thirty-four years, 
according to those who are presumed to know. 
Coupled with the unseasonable warmth which 
Iiad preceded, forcing the sap up prematurely, a 
50 per cent loss among established roses of the 
Tea, Hybrid Tea, and Pernetiana classes is 
anticipated, with many climbers also killed. Few, 
if any, climbers will bloom this year. 

December and January, up to the 15th, were 
more rainy than is usual, and for this reason 
planting of new roses was delayed at least a 
month, having been done for the most part the 
last two weeks in January. This fact probably 
will be responsible for new enthusiasm in a short 
time, as the newly planted roses do not appear 



to be greatly damaged, though tips were frozen 

back 2 to 6 inches. c k/i \. 

We have freezes in the latter part ot March, 
three years out of five, sufficient to kill new 
growth, and for this reason I have personally 
advocated a hands-off policy with the prunmg- 
shears until at least March 20, unless January 
and February have both contributed niuch 
freezing weather, holding roses dormant. This 
sometimes delays bloom until May 1, but it is 
sure then, whereas February pruning forces 
growth, and if frozen in March many fatalities 
occur, and the delay in bloom also comes. 

I have not talked to anyone who pruned 
heavily three weeks or a month prior to the 
freeze, and sincerely hope there is no one m this 
vicinity so unfortunate. . . 

Winter protection in this climate is practiced 
but little, and is really unnecessary, rather a 
nuisance. Roses usually bloom until Christmas, 
and on January 29, 1932. I cut Radiance and 
American Beauty from my garden, though this 
was probably six weeks later than the average. 
Roses are dormant in January and February, 
practicallv all of the reallv severe weather com- 
ing from December 20 to February 1. 

Three years ago we had temperatures below 
zero three times within ten days, from about 
January 5 to 15, and even Lady Hillmgdon did 
not suffer any appreciable damage. 

The best winter protection is a slight hilling 
up about November 1, or even October 15, to 
slow up growth and ripen the wood. From my 
viewpoint, no possible protection can be provided 
for such a freak of weather as we had this year, 
unless abnormal expense is incurred every 
year in providing advance means of covering 
plants for a few days in case such unseasonal 
weather arrives. Very few people could afford 
this, as it would likely be cheaper to replace the 

roses. 

We who are doing the work realize that prog- 
ress will be slow for a year or so, but with the 
climatic conditions we have, with V. S. Hillock 
only 20 miles away with hundreds of the newer 
roses growing in his fields, and with Smith, Wood^ 
Van Zandt, Rusk and Gregg counties only 125 
miles east on a good paved road, growing literally 
millions of plants every year for shipment to 
other parts of the country, we see no reason at 
all why Dallas should not within a few years be 
known throughout the country as one of the 
foremost rose cities. — W. B. Will. 

TARRANT COUNTY ROSE SOCIETY 

NEWS 

Arlington Wins Award 

The outstanding event of the year was the 
awarding of the Woman* s Home Companion $1000 
prize to the Municipal Rose-Garden of Arlington, 
Texas, and by this time many of you will have 
seen the announcement in the March issue of 
that magazine, or the article concerning it in the 
April issue. 

As District Secretary of the American Rose 
Society, it was my privilege to speak before the 
Garden Club at Arlington, Texas, in the fall of 
1930, and my suggestion of a municipal rosc- 



N 



- 



garden for Arlington was enthusiastically re- 
ceived. Mrs. J. C. Cobb, First Vice-President of 
the Tarrant County Rose Society, was made 
Chairman of the Municipal Rose-Garden Com- 
mittee, and she was a most enthusiastic worker, 
this enthusiasm being augmented by her re- 
ceiving, the following spring, at the Arlington 
Flower Show, a membership in the A. R. S., 
offered in this district. I cannot pay too great 
tribute to Mrs. Cobb for her work in winning 
this award, because it was her enthusiasm, 
untiring effort, and ability, plus the cooperation 
of other members, that caused immediate work 
on this garden to be started. A survey was made 
of the amount of space, consideration given the 
natural beauty of the spot, and, with Miss 
Jenevieve Cobb, a most enthusiastic co-worker, 
it was my pleasure to aid in the drawing of plans 
for the garden, outlining the color scheme and 
planting plans, and designating the proper 
planting of the different types and varieties. 
With this accomplished, the next step was secur- 
ing plants from the various growers, all of whom 
were most generous, as evidenced by Mrs. Cobb's 
reports, which show very little money spent for 
rose plants. With the work going steadily for- 
ward, and the Municipal Rose-Garden a dream 
made real, an announcement was made by the 
Woynan's Home Companion regarding the $1000 

Crize to be offered for the most progress made 
y any municipal rose-garden within the time- 
limit. Mrs. Cobb, inspired by the work already 
accomplished, had a vision of winning this prize, 
and planned just how the $1000 could be spent. 
The prize won, the planting and completion of the 
garden will go forward with greater zeal. I am told 
that the Arlington Garden Club will use the 
SI 000 award for the purchase of permanent 
fixtures for the Municipal Rose-Garden. The 
major credit must go to Mrs. Cobb for this fire 
achievement. 

Mrs. Cobb has not only found time for the 
work of the Arlington Municipal Rose-Garden, 
but as a charter member of the T. R. S. has con- 
tributed her share of work and enthusiasm in its 
success. The organization of this Society was 
brought about by the desire of rose-lovers and 
members of the A. R. S. to sponsor the appear- 
ance of J. H. Nicolas (then on a southern lecture- 
tour) at Fort Worth. The Garden Club of Fort 
Worth had been asked to sponsor the lecture of 
Mr. Nicolas, but did not feel that it could assume 
the financial obligation. It was then decided to 
organize the T. R. S. and guarantee the appear- 
ance of Mr. Nicolas. With the organization less 
than a month old, the lecture was arranged to be 
held at the Woman's Club, opened to the public, 
and was a financial success, bringing inspiration 
to the citizens of Fort Worth to grow more and 
better roses. With this auspicious start, we have 
continued the inspirational work of Mr. Nicolas 
by sponsoring one of the most successful rose 
shows ever held in the county and giving the 
illustrated lecture of the A. R. S., "Rose-Gardens 
in America," before a large audience in the 
Crystal Ballroom of the Texas Hotel. Preceding 
the lecture was a luncheon, open to the public, 
at which was shown more than 1000 blooms of 
the new roses of 1931-32. 



W^e have also sponsored rose pilgrimages, and 
at one of our monthly meetings a visit was made 
to the rose-farms of V. S. Hillock, a charter 
member of the T. R. S., at Arlington. This 
pilgrimage was open to the public and was for 
the purpose of viewing the new varieties of roses 
in bloom. It proved one of the outstanding 
meetings of the year, judging from the numbers 
attending and, to my knowledge, the increased 
plantings of new roses. A Silver Tea was hcKl 
at my home to view the courtesy gardens of the 

A. R. S. and was well attended. 

The Society meets once a month, with either 
a lecture or an actual demonstration of some 
phase of rose-culture. Our main objective has 
been the sponsoring of a Municipal Rose-Garden 
for Fort Worth. On February 17 the Park 
Board allotted us 3 acres of ground, instead of 
a former plot of only half an acre, and the 
actual work began February 21. Our Fort Worth 
garden will include, in addition to the 3 acres, 
a vista through the woods to the Meandering 
Road, 1000 feet long and about 75 feet wic'e, 
that will be lined on either side with pillar roses 
and a base-planting of Polyanthas. 

Another important rose-garden project is that 
of the Polytechnic Garden Club, with Mrs. H. 

B. Grace, President, an active member of the 
T. R. S. They are sponsoring a rose-garden for 
the Texas Woman's College, Fort Worth. It has 
been my pleasure to draw the plans and direct 
the planting. We have over 600 rose plants 
donated, and the actual planting has begun. 

— Hally Bradley Hampton. 

PORT ARTHUR ROSE CLUB 
Two Municipal Gardens 

We have completed Rose-Garden No. 1 on 
Lake Shore Drive, which contains 2450 plants of 
36 varieties. This garden was planted with those 
varieties for the purpose of testing their adapta- 
bility to this locality and climate, thus allowing 
rose-lovers to select those sorts which will be 
best suited for their home-gardens. 

Rose-Garden No. 2, also on Lake Shore Drive, 
will contain 3000 roses of specially selected 
varieties for growth and color. We are beginning 
this garden with 1000 plants this spring. 

Our growing season here is an average of ten 
months, and Teas and Hybrid Teas are suprerne. 
Our city is built along the west bank of babine 
Lake, 12 miles from the Gulf of Mexico, about 
250 miles northeast of Brownsville, and the eleva- 
tion ranges from 13^ to 9 feet above sea-level. 
Garden No. 1 is about 4 feet above sea-Ievel while 
Garden No. 2 is about 2 feet. 

Roses which do well in other parts of the state 
are not always successfully grown here. Few 
persons calculate distances in Texas. We are 
304 miles southeast of Fort Worth; nearer Spring- 
field, Mo., than Amarillo, Texas; nearer St. 
Louis, Mo., and Topeka, Kans., than El Paso, 
and as close to Jacksonville, Fla., as to El Paso. 

Many Texas rose-growers advise Texans as to 
the type of rose to grow in the state, overlooking 
the fact that often where the temperature is zero 
and below in northern Texas, the orange and 
pomelo harvest is in full swing in southern Texas. 



14 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



Wc have repeatedly tried roses in which 
Pernetiana blood predominates and have not 
found one which holds its foliage through the 
heat of summer. Some Pernetiana hybrids m 
which the Tea blood predominates are excellent 
for us here. Our annual rainfall is 56 inches, most 
of which we get during winter months. In the 
summer the ground becomes dry and water must 
be freely given. 

The Radiance type is the most popular here, 
and Red Radiance is really red, while Radiance 
is a full, two-toned pink. Francis Scott Key is the 
best summer bloomer of all. All Teas are excel- 
lent here. The following roses which are beautiful 
in many sections of the state have been discarded 
after testing them for years: Los Angeles, Willow- 
mere, Sunburst, Rev. F. Page-Roberts, Mme. 
Edouard Herriot, Cuba, and Padre. The old 
Cochcts still hold their own with all of the newer 
types. Lady Hillingdon has no superior here, and 
produces more blooms than any Radiance. Betty 
Uprichard grows 8 feet high and equals Radiance 
in bloom. Talisman is fine in spring and autumn. 
Theresa has no equal as a bedder for show, un- 
less it is the old Natalie Bottner. Mary, Countess 
of Ilchcster, follows them closely. 

It is doubtful if more beautiful roses can be 
grown than those growing here, and Port Arthur 
is rapidly becoming the "Rose City." 

— T. A. Butler. 

JACKSON ROSE SOCIETY 
Issues Rose Bulletin 

Inspired by the many requests for informa- 
tion, the Jackson Rose Society this year issued 
a bulletin, "Growing Roses in Mississippi." 
Copies have been mailed to the four corners of 
the state, and indications are that it will make 
the "best seller" class.* 

The chief object of the Jackson Rose Society 
is the study of the rose as it grows in Mississippi. 
Each year such of the new roses are tested as have 
been approved in the reports that come from 
similar climatic sections to the "Proof of the 
Pudding" division of the A. R. S. Annual. 

Throughout the year, at intervals of about a 
month, the local Sunday papers are supplied 
with a column of rose-information, reports about 
the behavior of new roses being of especial 
interest. As the Jackson papers are read over the 
entire state, this is a means of reaching a large 
number of rose-enthusiasts. 

From out-of-town rose-friends, the Society 
receives a number of letters seeking information 
on a variety of subjects, reports on particular 
roses, material for club papers, etc. All of these 
letters are answered, altnough the ability of the 
scribe suffers a severe strain at times, when the 
question, perhaps, is "How can I hurry up the 
Mary Wallace roses so as to have them in bloom 
for my sister's wedding on April 15?" 

In return for such services as outlined above, 
the Society is supplied with much interesting 
information, particularly in the matter of locat- 
ing gardens where some of the old roses may be 



found. Mrs. J. W. Tucker, Chairman of our 
Old Rose Committee, has been very active in 
locating such roses, most of which are Noisettes 
or Teas, and is increasing the supply by the 
growing of roses from cuttmgs. 

Practically all of the new roses of promise are 
being grown by members of the Society. Among 
the roses, some new and some not so new, that do 
well here are: Etoile de Hollande, Souvenir de 
Georges Pernet, Edith Nellie Perkins, Margaret 
McGredy, Caledonia, National Emblem, Mrs. 
Pierre S. du Pont, President Herbert Hoover, 
and Red Columbia. The last-named rose does 
not appear in many of the catalogues, perhaps 
because it lacks that much-discussed thing called 
"substance," but the exquisite form of its buds 
and the lovely open flower, revealing a cluster of 
golden stamens, are deserving of more kind 
words than it has had. 

The Poly ant ha roses and the hardy climbers 
are receiving more attention from the members of 
the Society this year, as it is hoped that a beauti- 
fication programme to cover the entire state may 
be worked out with these roses, most of which 
are particularly successful here. Paul's Scarlet 
Climber is already being heavily planted along 
chosen highways. Climbing roses under test for 
such planting are: Mme. Gregoire Staechelin, 
Thelma, Jacotte, Primrose, and the lovely Mer- 
maid. We do not find the last named delicate 
here: it only asks for elbow-room. The Poly- 
anthas are: Pink Gruss an Aachen, Else Poulsen, 
Miss Edith Cavell, Katharina Zeimet. The 
Polyantha, Salmon Spray, blooms splendidly 
here but fails to hold its foliage through the late 
summer. _ 

Some of the species roses are also being tested 
for public landscape purposes, although Rosa 
xantbina is the only one that has shown up well 
so far. Harison's Yellow, Zephirine Drouhin, and 
the Banksia roses are being planted with the idea 
of reviving interest in wortny decorative roses of 
the old southern gardens. 

Some of the Australian roses are being given a 
trial: Scorcher, Daydream, and also the Hybrid 
Gigantea, Belle of Portugal. The March freeze 
of last year, following a month of warm growing 
weather, took most of the blooms of the climbers; 
and a recent similar visitation leaves this year's 
blooms a matter of doubt. Fortunately, Missis- 
sippi does not have to expect such weather 
every year. 

The Society has set the date of its spring rose 
show for the last week in April. "Rose Day," 
the date to be selected later, will be observed by 
the local churches, under the sponsorship of the 
Society. 

Mississippians are bound together in a pleas- 
ant personal intimacy, due to ties of kinship and 
a common agricultural interest, so that the 
gardening fraternity over the state might be said 
to be just a group of friends. Visitors are wel- 
comed into tne gardens of the Society at any 
time of the year, although definite invitations are 

Eublicly issued only during the period of heavy 
loom in spring. — Julie M. Barksdale. 






1 



*T'ibc Editors have been pleased to see tbis well-written informative booklet. It bas been printed on cot- 
ton clotbf practically indestructible, an excellent feature in a book wbicb is to be taken into the garden. 



FLORIDA ROSE SOCIETY 
Rose-Interest Growing 

Inquiries and reports from many sections of 
the state show that our people are becoming 
interested in growing roses and that more roses 
are being planted this season than during any 
previous year. 

Numerous new roses are being tested for 
adaptability to Florida conditions. Many 
beautiful roses, so highly esteemed in other 
sections, we have not been able to grow success- 
full^^ here. Some varieties, such as the Pernets, 
thrive well the first season, but do not stand the 
rainy season. These beautiful roses are well 
worth planting each year. 

A Texas nurseryman, V. S. Hillock, of Arling- 
ton, has shown a proper appreciation of Florida 
conditions. He has sent several new varieties to 
amateurs in four widely separated sections of the 
state for trial purposes. Great good may result 
from this project. This trial is under the auspices 
of the Florida Rose Society and is being con- 
ducted only by its members. 

The Society is interested in establishing more 
municipal rose-gardens in the state and is working 
to that end. At present the activities of the 
Society are centered on the annual meeting and 
State Rose Show to be held April 12, at Lake 
Wales. The prospects are for tne best show we 
have held. — Tillie B. Poole. 

ROANOKE ROSE SOCIETY 

New Sectional Organization in Prospect 

Seven years ago the Roanoke Rose Society 
was organized by Mrs. James A. Bane, an ardent 
lover of the rose and an extremely well-informed 
student, of the earlier sorts particularly. From a 
small group it has grown steadily until it is now a 
strong and influential Society affiliated with the 
American Rose Society. In addition to the activi- 
ties usual to flower societies of the sort, its great- 
est achievement was the establishment of Rose 
Week as an annual event for the promotion of 
interest in rose-planting and growing. Publicity 
through articles and editorials in actively co- 
operating newspapers of this city, radio talks, 
and free lectures by prominent rosarians has been 
effective and has resulted in increasing thousands 
of roses being planted. This year will be the fifth 
Rose Week, and will be in charge of J. W. Wharton, 
of Hedge Lawn, Roanoke, Va. 

In the belief that the rose-consciousness of the 
public generally and the interest and enthusiasm 
of the already rose-conscious will be greatly 
increased because of nearness and consequent 
greater accessibility than the annual meeting of 
the American Rose Society, the Society, with 
the approval of the A. R. S., has embarked upon 
a much more ambitious programme for 1933. 

In May, probably the 24th and 25th, unless 
the season makes it necessary to change, there 
will be held at Hotel Roanoke, the official head- 
quarters, a meeting of this section of the A. R. S. 
and a rose show. 

The classifications in the show will be those 
published in the Handbook, and the rules and 
regulations of the A. R. S. will prevail 



The Chamber of Commerce ofl'ered its full 
cooperation as soon as it heard of our in- 
tentions and will have a large part in making the 
enterprise a success. 

Many prominent rosarians have already sig- 
nified their intention of being with us, and, with 
their assistance, we confidently expect to have a 
nieeting worth going far to attend. The rose 
show will, of necessity, be of flowers grown in this 
zone because of the great ditference in season at 
the north and south extremes, but the south 
should come up with late bloom and the north 
with its early climbers and make it fairly repre- 
sentative of the section. We think that it will be 
called "The Meeting and Show of the Middle 
Atlantic Section of the American Rose Society," 
unless someone objects and suggests a better 
name. The prizes will have no intrinsic value, but 
from experience in the past, winning them will be 
an honor worth having. 

This will be the first meeting of this sort ever 
held in this part of the United States, but we 
hope that it will lead to others, both in tliis sec- 
tion and in others. Perhaps those who attend 
may think it desirable to form a sectional society 
within the A. R. S., for the perpetuation of such 
meetings and the resultant greater and more rapid 
spread of rose-culture and closer contact with 
the rose- wise. — T. Allen Kirk, M.D. 

POTOMAC ROSE SOCIETY 

Organization and Plans 

In November, 1931, in response to an invita- 
tion from Dr. Whitman Cross, some twenty-five 
members of the American Rose Society met at 
his home in Chevy Chase, Md., to organize a 
local Rose Society. The following month the 
Potomac Rose Society was formally launched, 
with Dr. David Lumsc'en as President and Dr. 
Whitman Cross as Vice-President. 

At first it was supposed that only members of 
the American Rose bociety would be interested, 
but it was very shortly discovered that interest 
in the Queen of Flowers was widespread, and it 
was necessary to extend our territory to near-by 
counties of Maryland and Virginia. The member- 
ship grew with astonishing rapidity until, at the 
end of 1932, there were 131 active members. 

The objects of the Society are to promote 
interest in the growing of roses in the members* 
own gardens, to assist one another to overcome 
the difficulties usually to be met with, and, 
through better acquaintance with other members, 
to enable each to obtain the greatest possible 
benefit from their gardens. 

Situated in Washington, D. C, where are 
gathered together many eminent scientists and 
experts in horticulture, it is not difficult to obtain 
speakers of ability, and many splendid programmes 
have been enjoyed. Summer meetings were held 
usually in some one of the gardens, and practical 
problems were gone into on the ground, with 
experienced rosarians to demonstrate them. 

Owing to the rapid growth of the Society, it 
was difficult for all the members to become well 
acquainted with one another. This difficulty is 
to be met by organizing neighborhood study 
groups which will meet in gardens in different 



16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



parts of the territory covered by the Society, 
these meetings to be independent of the regular 
monthly meetings. 

One of the first things the Society did was to 
affiliate with the American Rose Society, and 
every effort is made to promote the interests of 
the national organization. During the year. 
Dr. J. H. McFarland, Robert Pyle, and G. A. 
Stevens visited the Society. With their co- 
operation, plans are being made and the ground- 
work laid for the establishment of a municipal 
rose-garden which, it is hoped, will compare 
favorably with any in the country. 

The Society is young but active and ener- 
getic, and expects, in the near future, to take a 
worthy place among those groups that have done 
so much to promote the welfare of the rose in 
America. — F. M. Eliot. 



ROCHESTER ROSE SOCIETY 
Municipal Rose-Garden in Prospect 

The "Rose-Bowl" in Du rand-Eastman Park, 
Rochester, N. Y., is still in the future, due to 
present conditions. Park authorities have set 
aside a splendid location for this project, and 
plans of a very pleasing and unusual arrangement 
nave been made and presented to the Society 
by Ailing De Forest, landscape architect, of 
Rochester. A new rose, originated by J. H. 
Nicolas, of the Jackson & Perkins Company, has 
been named "Rochester," and is to be dedicated 
at the time of opening. 

A larger and greater show is being planned for 
the thirteenth annual exhibition of the Society 
in Chamber of Commerce Hall, on June 19. 

— W. O. Ingle. 



Pacific Coast Regional Conferences of 

American Rose Society 



CENTRAL DIVISION 

The seventh conference of the Central Divi- 
sion of the Pacific Rose Conference will be held 
in San Jose, Calif., on April 29. A recent letter 
from Dr. SuIIiger, General Chairman, states that 
he and Mrs. SuIIiger will be present. 

The October conference was held in Oakland, 
Calif., and was made interesting by an illuminat- 
ing talk on rose diseases by Dr. L. M. Massey. 
Mrs. Fremont Older told of her interesting trips 
in search of historic roses, and a fine report on tne 
old roses now being collected in the San Jose 
Municipal Rose-Garden was read by Dr. Charles 
E. \dams. There was also a very fine display of 
roses and a most interesting discussion of the 
newer varieties. 

The result of that conference was the forma- 
tion of a new local Rose Society in Oakland. 

— Della Bogen. 

SOUTHERN DIVISION 

I am enclosing a tentative programme for our 
Spring Conference. I say tentative, but partial or 
unfinished would be better terms. 

I have definite acceptances from both Dr. 
Massey and Dr. SuIIiger, and have invited 
speakers for the other subjects mentioned but 
have not their acceptances in hand, and so 
hesitate to use their names. 

Dr. SuIIiger is bringing Mrs. SuIIiger for a 
three weeks' visit to California, and Dr. and 
Mrs. Massey are driving down for Mrs. Massey 's 
first visit to southern California. He writes that 
Professor Smith, Head of the Division of Plant 
Pathology of the University of California, and 
Mrs. Smith are planning to come with them. So 
it looks as if we are going to have a real con- 
ference with many distinguished rosarians in 
attendance. We are expecting to have them for 
the Rose and Spring Flower Show of the San 
Diego Floral Association on April 22 and 23. 

— Forrest L. Hieatt. 



SPRING CONFERENCE 

Southern Division of the Pacific Coast Regional 
Rose Conference, Redlands, Calif., April 
20-21, 1933. Coincident with Redlands 
"Week of Flowers" Festivities. 

Theme: Rose Progress through CoSperation. 

PROGRAMME 

Thursday, April 20, Afternoo ^i Session 

(Place of meeting to be announced) 

2.00 Redlands* Welcome, with Response by 
Forrest L. Hieatt, Conference Chairman. 

2.10 Address: "Getting Together for Rose Prog- 
ress." Dr. Spencer S. SuIIi.jer, General 
Chairman, Pacific Coast Regional Rose 
Conference. 

2.40 Address: "The Local Rose Society — the 
Key to Community Rose Progress." (Speaker 
to be selected.) 

3.00 Discussion: "A Rose Show for All of South- 
ern California: Its Desirability and Its 
Feasibility." (Subject presented and dis- 
cussion conducted by person yet to be named.) 

3.30 Address: "Growing Roses AdA'antageousIy 
in Partial Shade." (Speaker to be selected.) 

4.00 Round Table: "Sifting the Wheat from the 
Chaff: Are we making any real progress in 
eliminating worthless sorts? If not, what can 
we do about it?" Conducted by Dr. SuIIiger. 

Evening Session 
6.30 Conference Dinner: Place and programme 
to be announced later. 

8.00 Address: "Getting at the Bottom of Rose 
Diseases in California." Dr. L. M. Massey, 
of Cornell University, Plant Pathologist of 
the American Rose Society. 

Friday, April 21 

a.m. Garden Tours: Conducted by the Red- 
lands Horticultural Society. 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY, HARRISBURG, PENNA. 

Edited by J. HORACE iMcFARLAND and G. A. STEVENS 



MAY-JUNE, 1933 



$1.50 A YEAR; 25 CTS. A COPY 



Come to the Boston Rose - Meeting f 

IS THESE words are written in early May, we hear of the way in which the perfect 
/% rose weather has brought out many lovely roses in Georgia, being there shown at 
-^ ^Thomasville and Atlanta. Within two weeks good roses will be shown at Roanoke. 
Washington's Chevy Chase is reported by Dr. Whitman Cross to have niany lovely 
roses now open. At Breeze Hill we are "chorthng" over the wonderful promise of many 
blooms on many plants. 

The Boston meeting, handled by the always successful Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society, bids fair to show many roses, good roses. Probably Ontario will have a "look 
in" with the sort of big blooms that captured the Nicholson Bowl last June, and the 
live rose-lovers in the Buffalo-Niagara radius may want to know why! Mrs. Henry Ford 
has plenty of airplanes at her disposal with which she may bring her pet roses from 
Fair Lane to Boston. 

All about Boston are those extraordinary rose-gardens that only Mrs. Harriett R. 
Foote knows how to bring through, to say nothing of the superb estates and gardens, 
including the world's finest tree-garden, the Arnold Arboretum, access to which is assured 
for rose pilgrims. 

So come! See many good roses. Help chase away the retreating depression by bring- 
ing both family and flowers. You'll smile through all the rest of 1933 in remembrance 
of the friends you met and made, the roses you saw. By train or automobile, you'll 
come through America's cradle both of bloom and of hberty! Touch hands and meet eyes 
with the Boston folks. The trip can be long, short, medium. It surely will be worth it. 

Come! The dates are at least June 28-29. The rose glory is on for all that week. Come! 



ADDRESS AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY, BOX 687, HARRISBURG, PA. 




i/r ■'■iii",ii.gqo 



ri 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G. A. Stevens 

Published bi-montbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 



Subscription price: To members of the American Rose 
Society 75 cts. a year, 15 cts. a copy, which amount is 
included in the annual dues oj $J-SO. 

To all others: $1.50 a year, 25 cts. a copy. 

Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harris- 
burg. Pa., under the act of March 3, 1879. 



Volume I, No. 2 



1933 



May- June 



AS ANNOUNCED in the March- 

l\ April Magazine, the annual meet- 

i\. ing will be held in Boston, June 28 

and 29. The tentative programme follows : 

June 28. 

Registration, 8 to 11 a.m. 

Trustees' Meeting, 9 a.m. 

Leave for Marblehead, 11 a.m. 

Luncheon, 12 m. 

Visit Mrs. Foote's garden, 1.30 p.m. 

Return to Boston, 4 p.m. 

Rose Show, 5 to 6.30 p.m. 

Banquet and Annual Meeting, 7 p.m. 

June 29. 

Leave hotel, 8 a.m. 

Visit the Frothingham Rose-Garden, 

North Easton, 9 a.m. 
Luncheon at Falmouth, i p.m. 
Visit Webster Rose-Garden, 2.30 p.m. 
Return to Boston, 6.30 p.m. 
Fenway Rose-Garden illuminated, 

8.30 P.M. 

This programme is subject to change, 
since there are so many beautiful gardens 
to be seen, and it may be that the 
Trustees' Meeting will be advanced to 
the evenin.^ of June 27 so that the morn- 
ing of June 28 will be free for various 
pilgrimages. A detailed program showing 
hotel headquarters will be mailed to mem- 
bers with the annual ballot about June i. 

It is earnestly desired that all members 
who intend to come to Boston notify the 
Secretary promptly in order that arrange- 
ments can be made for banquet space and 
hotel reservations. The Rotary Inter- 
national Convention is to be held in 
Boston the same week, and hotel reserva- 
tions should be made promptly. 



Rose-Gardens Open to Members 

Georgia. 

Atlanta: Druid Hills Garden Club. 
Atlanta: Mrs. C. M. LeRoux, 1125 Lullwater 
Road. Any time during the season. 

Massachusetts. 

Falmouth: Sumner C. Burgess, Locust St. 

Montana. 

Billings: Mrs. D. L. Tupper, 909 W. 4th St. 
On Yellowstone Trail No. 12, National 
Park Highway No. 10, and Custer Battle- 
field Highway No. 87 E. 100 roses. June 15 
to September 15. 
Pennsylvania. 

West Newton: James Fergus, 211 3d St. 
350 roses; 150 varieties. Any time. 

The English Rose Annual 

Edited by Courtney Page, for the National 
Rose Society [of England], London. 

The current volume is most interesting. The 
new president. Dr. A. H. Williams, has a treatise 
on *^ild Roses of the World," which makes 
this particular writer anxious for more of the 
species than he has yet been able to get and 
consider. 

It is possible, with the well-maintained Trial- 
Ground at Haywards Heath, to do work for 
rose-lovers in England that we can never hope 
to more than approximate in vast America. The 
value of this Trial-Ground appears when one 
quotes from the report of the Secretary-Editor, 
Mr. Courtney Page: "The plants are grown 
under the same conditions as they would be in 
an ordinary garden. They are not subjected to 
any special treatment, and beyond being kept 
free of insect pests are allowed to grow on at will. 
Members need have no hesitation in purchasing 
those varieties that have received a Trial- 
Ground Award.'* 

A further comment on the value of this enter- 
prise, which has been proceeding about five 
years, appears in Past-President Oppenheimer's 
article on "The Trial-Ground." Speaking of the 
raisers* new roses, he says: "They send their 
new seedlings and sports from all parts of the 
globe, in ever-increasing numbers, the varieties 
submitted for the 1931-32 trials amounting to 
177, and those received up to the time of writing 
for the 1932-33 trials, to 149.** In 1932, the 
first-class Trial-Ground Certificate was awarded 
to twenty-four varieties, of which only New 
Dawn, Dazia, Comtesse Vandal, and Bloomfield 
Quakeress are known among us. Some twenty- 
six raisers have contributed roses for trial this 
year. 

The study of rose diseases is seemingly just 
beginning to receive sharp attention. Our own 
J. H. Nicolas has provided a very comprehensive 
study of "Rose Stocks,** which is of real value. 

—J. H. McF. 

NOTE 

The Glendale Distributing Company of 7015 
Cooper Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y., advise that they 
list some twenty varieties of roses mentioned in 
the Buying Guide for New Roses, published in 
the March-April issue. 



"When Rose-Fellows Get Together" 



By ROBERT PYLE 



*' AN E stick'il ne'er burn" say the 
l\ Scotch. The Boy Scouts know that 
X jL two will do the trick but three are 
better, and for a rousing campfire, bring 
in the "big timber.*' 

Let two rose-fans get together and the 
heat of enthusiasm begins to glow; add 



where some hundred or more from a 
dozen states have met from year to year. 
Washington, Philadelphia, New York, 
Detroit, Hartford, Syracuse, Toronto, 
and Boston — always rose-folks and rose- 
gardens are to be found together, and 
always we go home rich in memories. 




Trustees and members ot the American Rose Society, at West Grove, Pennsylvania, September, 1928 

Front, lejt to right: Richardson Wright, J. Horace McFarland, F. L. Atkins, E. G. Hill. Walter E. Clark, Robert Simpson, 

Robert Pyle, Dr. L. C. Corbett. 
tfack, left to right: Dr. Calvin Coulter, Mrs. Coulter, Name lost, James Heacock, Name lost, G. A. Stevens, L. B. Cod- 

dmgton, Mrs. Coddington, Mrs. Robert Simpson, J. H. Nicolas, John Troy, S. J. Todd. 



a third and tiiey catch fire; add still more 
and it becomes a memorable and thrill- 
ing occasion. 

Fellowship among rose-lovers has a 
unique quality. Enthusiasm and enjoy- 
ment among the roses reach a high plane. 
While, of course, the roses are the center 
of attraction, the senses are stimulated 
to an enjoyment akin to that which 
comes when standing in front of some 
truly great painting, like the Sistine 
Madonna. A subtle influence creates an 
atmosphere of spiritual fellowship with- 
out restraint. Exuberance overflows from 
person to person. Friendships form 
naturally among those who allow them- 
selves the ecstasy that may be found in 
a rose-garden on a Rose Society gala day. 
Such is my recollection of past meetings 



The meetings focus eventually on a 
rose show or on rose-gardens, and often 
on both. The chance to study new roses, 
to compare performances, and even to 
win prizes is off'ered to all who come. 
Excursions from garden to garden in 
rose-time are bound to include the abun- 
dant beauty of countryside and parks. 
Pleasant places abound about our big 
cities and the choicest routes are taken. 

Visitors are not the only ones stimu- 
lated by these occasions. When the 
American Rose Society "is in town," the 
community, through its press and other- 
wise, is aroused to a sense of its own needs 
for rose-gardens which the public may 
enjoy. Governors and mayors sometimes 
participate in these occasions, crowning 
as conquerors those who have achieved 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



I 



greatly in building rose-gardens or in 
creating new roses, or they assist in 
christening a rose in honor of some hero, 
who well deserves to have his or her 
name thus pleasantly perpetuated. 

What an opportunity these occasions 
afford to meet men whose names have 
become household words! You may have 
walked in your garden and praised or 
scolded your roses, caHing them Leonard 
Barron, Richardson Wright, E. G. Hill, 
Editor McFarland, etc., — but have you 
walked in a garden where these men 
themselves could and would talk with 
you? Such are the opportunities we 
enjoy at annual meetings and on rose 
pilgrimages. 

How pleasant it is to recall days spent 
with Dr. Van Fleet, Captain Thomas, 
Admiral and Mrs. Aaron Ward, Fred 
Atkins, Dr. Mills, and others who have 
now passed on. Other such men still live 
and speak to us words of rich interest on 
occasions like these. 

These meetings, too, are times and 
places where those who have yet to make 
their contributions to rose-growing are 
welcomed, where their enthusiasm for 
the rose may take new fire. This year's 
meeting, in Boston, can be a very rich 
event for a great show is planned, and 
the pilgrimages may include some of the 
most excellent and loveliest rose-gardens 
on the North American continent. Do 
plan to go! 

Carrying on During the 
Depression 

My experience as a rose-grower began 
in 1923, when a smooth-tongued fruit-tree 
salesman awoke in me an interest in roses 
with a folder having beautifully colored 
pictures. I bought two dozen plants, 
about twenty of which grew. Among 
these were La France, Frau Karl Druschki, 
Radiance, and Duchess of Wellington. 
The old Duchess has not been moved 
during the past ten years and is doing 
better every year. The next season I 
planted a few more, and by that time 
had become a "rosophile." Great things 
were visioned but business changes took 
me to other fields where there was no 
opportunity for rose-growing. 



Upon returning to Harrisonburg in 1929, 
most of the old roses were growing and 
producing fairly well. During November 
of that year, we planted 33 bushes and 
lost most of them over winter. The next 
spring, 35 bushes were planted, most of 
which grew. During the spring of 1929 
I joined the American Rose Society, and 
that was the best rose-investment that 
I have ever made. I learned much and 
determined to do many things; but sud- 
denly no more roses could be bought. Our 
budget had to be reduced to essentials. 

It is a well-known fact that as working 
people get less prosperous they turn more 
and more from artificial to natural things; 
to the real beauty of nature. So it was 
with me. I had the desire for roses and 
more spare time than I had had for years. 
The big question was how to procure the 
roses that were wanted so badly without 
depriving my family of much-needed 
funds! Then the answer came, and in an 
altogether unexpected manner. 

June, 1 93 1, we were persuaded, after 
much hesitating on our part, to exhibit 
at the local flower show. To our great 
surprise and delight, we were awarded six 
first prizes on seven entries. Many were 
the congratulations, and many of the other 
exhibitors wanted to know where we 
bought our roses, and then: "Would we 
please order for them, too?" So an idea 
was born. I went to a local seed-dealer 
who was not selling plants and made an 
arrangement to order roses through him. 
Acting as his agent I could buy from any 
reputable wholesale firm. 

At that time our buying took a 
different turn. We planted only the latest 
introductions, chiefly from one large 
grower because roses from that firm had 
given complete satisfaction. We keep a close 
record of the behavior of every plant, so 
that we have become known locally as 
the keepers of a small test-garden. Our 
little garden is watched more or less 
closely by most of the rose-lovers of the 
community. Only those plants that have 
at least a year's growth, and have per- 
formed well for us, are recommended to 
prospective buyers. For the past two 
years this plan has worked sufficiently 
well to pay for our plants and necessary 
supplies. —Roger O. Wine. 



Hybridizing Species Roses 



By J. H. NICOLAS 









HYBRIDIZING species roses has for 
its object not the improvement of 
the species, but the improvement 
of our garden roses through the species. 
Very few species are worth retaining in 
their tout ensemble: Their plant-habit is 
not desirable; after their short bloom- 
season, however interesting it may be, the 
shrubs are not handsome, the foliage 
generally being unsightly, especially 
among the hardy species. If everbloomingj 
improved shrubs could be produced, these 
might be interesting and they may come 
in the trail of our hunt for improved gar- 
den or bedding roses. The main use of 
species is as a means to "fortify" (as 
wine-makers say) our weaker strains, 
mainly the Hybrid Teas, on which we 
have to fall back for elegance and beauty 
of bloom. To infuse enough of the species 
robustness and "arcticness," while re- 
taining the Hybrid Tea type, is the prac- 
tical line of march, and a long trek it is! 

As in anything else, we want to proceed 
methodically. The season opens with the 
wild species roses, and this interesting 
material must not be overlooked, as hy- 
bridization of species is the most fascinat- 
ing pastime, and the possibilities are 
innumerable, insofar as "civilizing" and 
blending them into existing types of 
garden roses is concerned. Hugonis, 
Ecae; the various forms and hybrids of 
Rugosa, Moyesi, Xanthina, Altaica; the 
Austrian Briars, Persian and Harison's 
Yellows and Austrian Copper; the Ameri- 
can native roses, Acicularis, Blanda, 
Carolina, Lucida, Nutkana, etc. — all will 
be a riot of colors in May, and Setigera 
(the Prairie Rose) in late June and July. 
One need not have a large collection of 
species, as they can be used as pollen 
parents and for such, a few blooms pro- 
cured from public parks, arboretums, 
private collections, and other places where 
rose species are featured, can be used. 
This pollen is applied to proved seed- 
bearing Hybrid Teas. Few, if any, Hy- 
brid Teas are in bloom as early as the 
species, and they will have to be pot- 
plants brought to bloom either in a frame 
or under glass. Your friend, the florist, 



will let you put a few pots in his green- 
house until time to plant them outdoors. 
A small lean-to greenhouse on the south 
side of the house is not very expensive 
and would be a wonderful laboratory or 
"play-house" the year around. Then 
pollen can be preserved for some time, at 
any rate until the first Hybrid Teas (or 
climbers, if these are considered) come to 
bloom. Pick the pollen blooms, placing 
them in a box in a dry place. Do not 
handle or shake them until time to use. 
Hybridizing species is different from 
crossing horticultural varieties. The re- 
sults are slower as it is more difficult to 
make a "dent" into the extremely domi- 
nant, refractory character of the species, 
and it will take long, patient efforts to 
"tame the shrew" and refine it to the 
point where it will graduate from a wilding 
to a finished garden rose. In the mean- 
time, interesting "mongrels" and "chi- 
meras" will show at the first generation, 
and some of the desirable hybrids will be 
sterile (like Agnes and Vanguard, the new 
yellow and orange Rugosa hybrids). For 
the first cross, the selection of the mate 
has no importance beyond being a good 
progenitor, as its part in the game is only 
to "crack" the species. When the time 
comes to breed the next or first generation 
of seedlings, one must be more particular, 
as the influence of the mate will be more 
forceful. In my work, I generally select 
the most prolific and continuous bloomer 
among the Hybrid Teas, regardless of 
color and fullness of bloom, my main ob- 
ject being to acquire remontance (bloom- 
ing more than once). The second genera- 
tion will show definite hybrid types, some 
being remontant, and on these remontant 
types I begin to "build" the bloom by 
careful selection of mates. If we want to 
retain much of the hardiness or some 
particular character of the species, its 
ratio to Hybrid Tea should not be less 
than one to three or four at the most, 
depending upon the natural hardiness of 
the species. Rugosa, for instance, would 
be considerably weakened and almost 
eliminated if the ratio goes below one to 
four. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



As to the use of sexes in species hybrid- 
izing, I prefer to use the species as pollen 
parent. Species, probably because of dis- 
parity of chromosome numbers, often 
resent foreign pollen, and many bear seeds 
with their own pollen only, while their 
pollen is generally potent on any fertile 
Hybrid Tea. Then, the problem of 
germination is a vital one. While Hybrid 
Teas, as a rule, germinate readily, species 
seeds are slower, and some drag along a 
year or two, or even longer. 

Mendel and his interpreters, Drs. 
Bateson and Hugo de Vries, are silent on 
the role of the sexes, probably because 
their experiments have been mainly with 
simple species for both parents, while in 
horticultural practice a species is generally 
crossed with a hybrid; but Dr. Blackburn 
believes that results should be the same 
whichever sex of a species is used when 
crossed with a hybrid. However, my 
experiences of many years concur with 
Mallerin's of France, Lambert's of Ger- 
many, Dot's of Spain, and other practi- 
tioners, that the species is more easily and 
quickly "cracked" when used as pollen 
parent; its imprint at the first generation 
is generally more subdued, or to be more 
correct, the percentage of the mother 
type, with, of course, a more or less pro- 
nounced species influence, will be much 
larger than the species type, and these 
mother types will save time in bringing 
the desired finished product. For in- 
stance, a cross of Hortulanus Budde x R. 
Moyesi gave me slightly modified Hybrid 
Tea types where Moyesi was only 
recognized by the weird red single blooms 
and smaller foliage, while one almost 
totally mother type revealed the pollen 
parent only by the queer bottle shape of 
Moyesi fruits. The reciprocal cross (R. 
Moyesi X Hortulanus Budde) produced 
plants almost as uncouth and crude as 
Moyesi. The same result was obtained 
with other species crosses, the only excep- 
tion being a cross of Mrs. E. P. Thom X 
R. tallica pollen, which gave one seedling 
very dominantly Mrs. E. P. Thorn, al- 
though with smaller foliage, but double, 
with bloom-color and remontance of 
Thom, one true intermediate but not 
remontant, and one almost identical to 
the species. 



Crosses of species roses and Hybrid 
Teas sometimes give strange results not 
always compatible — to the layman's eye 
— with the parents, but, apparently, they 
are to be expected when unrelated or 
distant types are cross-bred: A friend of 
mine sent me a hybrid reputed to be a 
cross of R. nutkana and Paul Neyron, a 
shrubby, vigorous plant but without 
apparent trace of Nutkana, although the 
bloom was single and pink. As it excited 
a great deal of skepticism as to its true 
origin, I planted a handful of selfed seeds, 
and in the lot came several more or less 
Nutkana types, and one almost pure 
Nutkana in all particulars, even with its 
root-stolons traveling long distances. This 
experience satisfied the doubting Thom- 
ases — including myself. Another example 
of the unexpected: A seedling of Royal 
Red, a rather low-growing Hybrid Tea, 
with very large, double, fragrant, deep 
maroon bloom, and R. oxyodon, a medium- 
sized shrub with thin wood and small 
foliage. This seedling is an extremely 
vigorous plant, sending heavy, "lumber- 
ing" canes lo feet high; the foliage is, per- 
haps, the largest Hybrid Tea foliage 
known; its red blooms, medium to large 
and semi-double, come in bunches like 
the pollen parent. Rosa kurdistanaf from 
Kurdistan mountains of northwestern 
Persia, is a small shrub, seldom over 3 feet 
high, with medium-sized foliage like R. 
caninay to which group it belongs; pol- 
lenized with Miss C. E. van Rossem, a 
very low-growing Bengal hybrid, it gave 
a seedling of most gigantic proportion, 
with heavy canes J^ inch in diameter, 
growing 8 to 10 feet high in a season, with 
very large foliage, blooming only once, 
but becoming a beautiful maze of me- 
dium-sized double, light pink blooms 
(Kurdestana is white; Miss C. E. van 
Rossem, red). Where do these extraor- 
dinary changes come from and why? I 
know the crosses went over as other seed- 
lings of the same hips were true inter- 
mediates. 

ADDITIONS TO THE SOCIETY'S 
CIRCULATING LIBRARY 

Climbing Roses, G. A. Stevens — No. 55. 
American Rose Annual, 1933 — No. 36, 37. 
Rosen, Wilhelm Kordes — No. 56. 



Identifying Old-Fashioned Roses 



By MRS. FREDERICK L. KEAYS 



AS A consequence of the movement 
Za for more attention to the old- 
J \ fashioned roses surviving in old 
gardens all over the country, a movement 
initiated by Mrs. Francis King and stimu- 
lated by the American Rose Society, many 
people will look upon old roses this sum- 
mer with a greater interest and will wish 
to identify whatever varieties they find. 
The toughest, most self-sustaining kinds, 
roses capable of withstanding neglect and 
weeds and weather, will be found most 
often — the fragrant, delightful June-flow- 
ering sorts, Gallicas, Centifolias, Damas- 
cenas, and Albas and, of course, the wide- 
spread Harison's Yellow which everybody 
knows. These roses are to be distinguished 
from one another by their special char- 
acteristics of blooms, sepals, leaflets, 
prickles, stalks, and habits of growth, not 
by blooms alone, as thej^ are frequently so 
niuch alike that they confuse rather than 
distinguish. 

Historically, the Gallica rose is lost in 
antiquity, while in its early form it is with 
us today and in all probability was 
brought to America years before the 
Revolution. About the Gallica as a class. 
Miss Willmott says in her book "The 
Genus Rosa,'* "The rather thick wrinkled 
leaflets, generally five in number, are 
hoary below and smooth, rather pale 
green above, and the running roots throw 
up numerous stiff stems which rarely ex- 
ceed three feet in height. Flowers are 
large in proportion, generally solitary, 
rarely exceeding three and very fragrant." 
The tracing of a Gallica stem, from an 
illustration in Redoute*s "Les Roses," 
shows the prickles to be somewhat weak, 
sparse, unequal, and quite straight. The 
foliage is quite firm, almost brittle, oval- 
pointed, with fine serrations. The bush 
has rather stiff flowering shoots, compact 
in comparison with Centifolia, less bold 
and bushy than the Damask. The flower, 
standing upright in a brave manner, is 
semi-double, with a glowing golden center 
of bright yellow stamens in quite a definite 
ring and a grainy-looking pistil. The 
sepals are short and do not extend beyond 
the bloom. The fruit is what the rose 



promises, a large red hip almost or quite 
round, filled with big healthy seeds. 

Rosa gallica is a great seeder, so there 
have been many varieties from natural 
and artificial crossings, now mostly lost. 
As these variations were largely a change 
of key without a change of tune, whatever 
old varieties still remain are likely to show 
the outstanding features of the type. The 
semi-double R. gallica officinalis, deep 
rose-pink, is the one most frequently 
found. Next, the striped red and white, 
Rosa Mundi, or R, gallica versicolor. The 




range of color is from blush to deep 
maroon, shadings going into purple and 
black. 

Rosa centijolia, the Cabbage Rose, was 
for centuries the queen of the rose-garden. 
Old pink Centifolia is to be found almost 
everywhere and should be cherished. Its 
delightfully impetuous petals try so hard 
to burst forth that they often can do little 
better than the Cabbage could. Its big 



8 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



and broad leaflets, down-drooping and 
glandulous, snipped coarsely, its stem 
perceptibly more prickly than Gallica, 
and its grand old-timey fragrance dis- 
tinguish it. The bloom may be too heavy 
for the somewhat short stem and may 
droop a little. 

Centifoha is very old, having been 
known, it is said, two thousand years. 
Redoute hsted about a hundred varieties 
in 1 817. In 1850 there were about seventy 
in American catalogues. Most are now 
lost but, no doubt, many which we con- 
sider lost are still holding their own in 
old gardens. 




lS.c4^^ 



U^' 





In the drawing from Redoute, the stem 
shows some large prickles mixed fairly 
often with smaller ones. The foliage is 
larger than Gallica, with much coarser 
dentations and, perhaps, more inchned to 
wrinkle. The bush is rather straggling, 
taller than Galhca, but of robust habit. 
The pure Centifolia does not reflex its 
sepals when flowering as the Damask does. 
The fruit is oval, a little longer than 
Gallica. Whereas the Gallica generally 
has some small prickles along the petiole 
of the leaf, the Centifolia does not have 
them, and whereas the Centifolia has 
glands on the borders of the leaflets, the 
Gallica has not. 

The white Centifolia, Rose Unique, also 
called R. provincialis alba or White 
Provence, is even lovelier than the old 
pink. It was found in England in 1777, in 



the garden of a baker in Suff'olk, and most 
probably is a sport from the old pink 
Centifolia. The growth is not so great as 
the pink, but this rose remains in flower 
considerably longer. It is called "Unique** 
because it is unique to get a bloom abso- 
lutely white; generally, it is somewhat 
blush. 

The Tuscan rose, R. centifolia varietatis 
sub nigraSy which Andrews describes as 
most esteemed for its rich and deep color, 
saying, "It may well compare with the 
finest velvet, the small particle of white 
on the edge of the petals, instead of 
blemishes, may be regarded as an en- 
livening contrast," is a lost rose which has 
been found in the old gardens of southern 
Maryland. 

The Moss rose, distinguished by its 
glandulous mossiness on sepals, calyx, and 
stem, is considered to be a sport from 
Centifolia. It is old, having been in culti- 
vation in England in 1727, where it was 
introduced from Holland. About 1846, 
when Moss roses and Victorian prints 
were at their height, William R. Prince, of 
Flushing, on Long Island, listed seventy- 
five Mosses in his catalogue, of which 
twenty or more were perpetual blooming. 
Now, so few are known. Their passing is 
to be regretted as the bud is so lovely. 

The very name, R, damascena, seems to 
suggest romance. The Damask was the 
rose of the Crusaders, it is said, and was 
brought by them to France and England. 
It is the rose of the old Spanish missions 
of California. One eminent French au- 
thority says that R, damascena was grown 
in France hundreds of years before the 
Crusades and was, he believes, the rose of 
Homer. Claimed, as it is, by a long and 
mythical past, it is still to be found in our 
old gardens along the Atlantic seaboard 
and the Pacific coast. 

Parkinson, a very old writer, describes 
Damascena thus: "The flowers are of a 
fine deep blush colour, as all know, with 
some pale yellow threads in the middle, of 
the most excellent sweete sent far sur- 
passing aH other roses in Flowers." The 
colors of the Damascena class run from 
pure white to deepest red, and there is a 
widely known versicolored variety called 
York and Lancaster, double, flat, with 
petals "flung wide to the sun." 



From the tracing of a Redoute drawing 
it will be seen that Damascena has real 
armament on the green stem — many 
strong, hooked prickles. The leaflets are 
looser on the petiole and smaller in size 
than Gallica or Centifolia. The petiole 
has curved prickles along its line, and the 
pale green leaflets are remarkably downy. 
Miss Willmott gives as the differentiat- 
ing features to distinguish Damascena 
from Gallica and Centifolia, the long 
deciduous sepals, reflexed during flower- 
ing, the tall arching stems nearly always 
green in color, the larger hooked prickles, 
thinner leaflets, softly pubescent under- 
neath, the flowers many in a corymb, and 
the elongated fruit which turns bright red 
and pulpy in September. This difference 
in the hip is to be noted. Centifolia is 
longer than Gallica. Damascena is longer 
than Centifolia. 

The remontant variety of Damascena 
was known before 1800. It was called 
Four Seasons or Damask Monthly. This 
variety is to be distinguished by its bloom- 
ing twice or more and by the shape of the 
seed-pod. Where the June Damask grows 
a hip, swollen out in the middle and nar- 
rowed at the ends, the seed of the Monthly 
is funnel-shaped, the base narrowing 
gradually and conforming into the pe- 
duncle of the flower. 

Miss Lawrance, in her wonderful book 
of rose-paintings made in 1797, gives 
White Monthly, with clusters of fifteen 
roses and buds, flat, double, with stamens 
bunched in the center; Blush Monthly in 
a larger cluster, the roses 4 inches across, 
with edges of the petals slightly wavy, 
sepals extending beyond the buds, reflex- 
mg on the blooming rose; Red Monthly, a 
deep rose-color, with touches of carmine, 
flat form, petals loose, golden yellow sta- 
mens bunching in the center. 

Rosa alba, the white rose of the House 
of York, may be a wild rose native to 
England, for Pliny says that the Isle of 
Albion is so called from its white cliffs 
washed by the sea or from the white rose 
with which it abounds. Parkinson, in 
1629, calls R. alba the most ancient known 
rose of England, but does not know 
whether it is native or not. Gerard calls 
Alba a very fair flower, white and sweet- 
smelling. Other authorities sav it was 



introduced into England in 1597. His- 
torical and of uncertain age, without a 
certain native land, out of commerce, as 
Alba is, two varieties are in the old gar- 
dens in this country, R, alba flore-pleno, 
the white rose of York and Clustering 
Maiden's Blush, a faint, lovely pink. 

Pemberton, in his book, "Roses," says of 
the Alba, "It is very upright in growth 
and vigorous, forming a bush four to 
seven feet high but not spreading out like 
Damask. The wood is grey-green and the 
leaves, which are pointed, are a pale 
glaucous green, both root-shoots and 
leaves having the appearance of being 





,<z^^6a4u 






slightly covered with a greyish powder." 
The flowers are white and pale pink, not 
wholly double, some varieties almost 
single; sometimes solitary, sometimes clus- 
tering; all are fragrant. There have been 
many varieties in the past. 

From the drawing of the stem of 
Clustering Maiden's Blush, it is seen that, 
while the prickles are infrequent, they 



10 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



II 



have strength and action. This tracing 
was made from a picture of a young shoot, 
in Redout^*s book. The old shoots are 
almost always without prickles. The blue- 
green leaves have little prickles along the 
petiole. The calyx is brusquely rounded 




off at the base, like the end of a thimble, 
developing into a hip quite round in shape 
and blunt at the base. 

From these four great classes— Gallica, 
Centifolia, Damascena, Alba — early grow- 
ers developed many variations in fullness 
of bloom and color. It would be most 
interesting to know how many different 
varieties survive in old gardens todav, 
in this country. 

A Little of Both 

Which shall it be, the old Favorite 
Dozen or the more recent Proof of the 
Pudding, to hold the center of the stage in 
each production of the American Rose 
Annual? There is not space for both. 

May I suggest that we alternate them, 
year by year? For each has points of 
value, and also has weaknesses. 



The wide popularity of the Favorite 
Dozen referendum made hundreds of 
members l^d that they had some share in 
the work of the Society, even if they did 
not always vote. The annual request for 
opinions was a direct appeal to every 
member and stimulated interest. True, 
selection of a Favorite Dozen was seldom 
discriminating; its loyalty to Frau Karl 
Druschki, Radiance, Ophelia, and even 
Dorothy Perkins, may have been calcu- 
lated to retard the development of new 
roses. But never lose sight of the fact 
that the general exercise of the franchise 
was worth while to the Society, even if the 
voter showed himself too conservative. 

The Proof of the Pudding has been 
going to the other extreme. It has, no 
doubt, a right to much of the credit for 
the recent introduction of a large number 
of new varieties, some of which are 
promising. But it has progressed into the 
frontier of experiment and high prices at 
a time when people are pruning their 
garden budgets. And it is looked upon by 
many readers as remote from their own 
gardening. 

Would alternating these features give 
us the benefits of each, and in no small 
measure reduce the disadvantages? The 
man who voted one year would be inter- 
ested to see what the experts had to offer 
the next year. The experts reporting on 
two years* experience would have more 
evidence to support their conclusions, and 
perhaps would shape a surer course in 
rose progress. And perhaps more would 
participate in the expert work if it were 
less onerous and expensive. 

— Albert Chandler. 

Isanti Municipal Rose-Garden 

The Woman's Home Companion offered 
a prize of $1000 for the rose-garden that 
could make the most progress between 
June I, 1 93 1, and December 31, 1932. 
The Isanti [Minnesota] Community Club 
decided to enter this contest, and five 
members of the Club were appointed as a 
committee to select a location and super- 
vise the work. A plot 74 by 128 feet, 
fronting Main Street, was chosen. This 
ground was once a part of the business 
section which had been destroyed by fire, 



and the basements filled in with ashes, 
stones, and rubbish, were grown over with 
weeds and quack grass. Such a foundation 
was far from ideal for growing roses, but 
work was started immediately to make it 
as fertile as possible. 

On June 8, 1931, the ground was plowed 
and made into nineteen beds and a rock- 
garden. The soil was prepared and fertil- 
ized with mulch, peat, and black dirt 
which was donated and hauled by farmers 
in the community. Several truckloads of 
stones were procured for the borders of 
the beds and paths. Gravel donated and 
delivered by the Great Northern Railroad 
was used in making the paths and arbors. 
Fences were erected and a water-tank 
was donated, from which water was piped 
to the Garden from the local creamery. 

There were 230 letters, soliciting roses, 
written to various nurseries, public offi- 
cials, business houses, and individuals 
known to be interested in the care and 
raising of roses. Response was most 
generous, and many rose bushes and 
perennials w^ere donated, together with 
many contributions of money. About 
100 roses were planted in the summer of 
i93i» together with many perennials and 
other flowers for borders. Of these, 
eighty-two were covered with dirt and 
sugar-cane silage just before freezing 
weather in the fall, and seventy-eight of 
these were alive the next spring. 

When the silage was removed, pansies 
were in bud and blooming, and other 
plants were peeping through the ground. 
Other borders of gay-colored annuals 
were planted around the beds, and 272 
more rose bushes were set out, making a 
total of 350 roses, of which 72 are climbers. 
In 1932, green elms and maple trees 
were cut and trimmed and brought to the 
Garden to be made into seats, arbors, 
arches, and trellises. A lily-pooI was made 
in the center bed. Five bird-houses were 
donated and two bird-baths placed. A 
bulletin board for the names of the 
donators, and a registration box for the 
names of the visitors, were erected near 
the entrance gate. Three hundred rose- 
markers were made, each with the name 
of the rose inside, and each bed w as 
numbered with a wooden marker. Two 
15-foot signs reading "See Isanti's Rose- 



Garden" were put up on Highway No. 5, 
and also a sign "Municipal Rose-Garden" 
was placed in the Garden itself. 

A Junior Garden Club of young girls 
was organized to assist in picking bou- 
quets and delivering them. During the 
past summer, flowers from the Garden 
were furnished for six weddings, four 
large parties, two conventions, three 
church programs, and several funerals. 
In addition to these, 400 bouquets have 
been given to the sick and shut-ins, 
business houses, and homes. 

During the summer of 1932 there were 
1 722 visitors in our Garden, coming from 
22 states, Mexico, Canada, and six 
foreign countries. Letters have come to 
our Garden chairman from all over the 
Union asking for detailed description of 
the plans and work accomplished. We 
have joined the American Rose Society, 
with headquarters at Harrisburg, Pa., 
and also the Minnesota Horticultural 
Society. There are only two Municipal 
Rose-Gardens in the state of Minnesota, 
ours and the one in Minneapolis. 

Most of the labor in the Rose-Garden 
has been donated willingly and gladly. 
Many of the roses were donated also, 
though naturally our greatest expense has 
been in the purchase of hardy rose bushes 
of the color and variety wanted. Our 
cash outlay for roses, labor, and improve- 
ments has been $197.14 to date, of which 
$83 was donated. 

The beauty of the Rose-Garden last 
year enhanced the interest of almost 
every individual in Isanti. We are proud 
of it; not only the Community Club who 
sponsors it, but every person who has 
contributed to its support and main- 
tenance is glad to have done so, and we 
hope that it has been and will remain one 
of the beauty spots in Minnesota. 

— Mrs. G. W. Silcher. 

Rose-Names 

Congratulations to Countess Senni! 
Her answer to the unnecessarily vigorous 
attack on rose nomenclature is one of the 
highlights of the 1933 Annual. Certainly, 
Mr. Carleton, in his contribution to the 
December Quarterly, showed lack of re- 
straint to a surprising degree. 



12 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



As I am as Anglo-Saxon as possible, 
having no ancestry other than northern 
European and English, I am in as difficult 
a position with regard to pronunciation 
as any other normal resident of this 
continent; and, insofar as education is 
concerned, I am certainly no linguist! I 
do believe that many rose-names are too 
cumbersome, and must be found trying 
even in their "country of origin," but I 
do not cater to the insular idea that 
**ours'* is the only tongue; nor that, if we 
cannot understand it, it must be wrong! 

The name **Blaze" is as short as anyone 
could wish, but it certainly is not descrip- 
tive of the rose, nor is it either musical 
or euphonious. (Possibly it refers to the 
extraordinary advertising given this really 
good variety!) 

It is pleasing that Mr. Carleton in- 



cluded "Mrs. Erskine Pembroke Thorn" 
in his list of badly named roses (though I 
have a shrewd suspicion he did this as an 
indication of his fairness, shown by in- 
ckiding a rose originated in the United 
States!), because I agree with him that 
the name is unnecessarily long. But is 
"Mrs. Arthur Curtiss James" much 
better? And isn't "Golden Climber" a 
much better name? Isn't there some 
Biblical quotation to this effect: "Let him 
that is without sin among you first cast 
a stone at her"? 

If Mr. Carleton really does "produce 
the finest rose that man has ever seen," 
not in one year but in ten or twenty, I will 
pay him (and it) homage, and will recom- 
mend it even though it bear a name five 
times as long as the one suggested! 

— Paul B. Sanders. 



Sustaining and Affiliated Organizations 



CHARLESTON ROSE SOCIETY 

The eleventh annual Rose Show of the Charles- 
ton Rose Society will be held on Friday, May 26. 
This date has been selected with particular 
reference to the Atlantic Sectional Council and 
Tournament of Roses to be held in Roanoke, Va., 
on May 24 and 25, in order to enable members to 
visit both the Roanoke event and the Charleston 
Show. 

We hope to have representatives from Roanoke 
and we have heard from Dr. Kirk that he, and 
possibly other visiting rosarians, will drive to 
Charleston for our Show. We are planning for a 
really worthy rose event, and expect to offer the 
usual medals of the American Rose Society to 
the winners. — Harriet K. Nicholson. 

KNOXVILLE ROSE SOCIETY 

We are planning to hold our Rose Show on 
May 25. We shall be a little late this year because 
of the recent freeze. 

On June 8 we shall have our Annual Picnic at 
Mrs. R. R. Ruble's garden at La FoIIette, Tenn. 
Mrs. Ruble is an enthusiastic member of our 
Society, driving 50 miles each month to our 
meeting. 

The Knoxville Rose Society has cooperated 
with the Knoxville County Council of Garden 
Clubs in a project to beautify the highways. We 
have planted more than 1800 climbing roses on 
embankments and fences along Clinton Pike. 

— Mrs. R. B. Creech. 

ROCHESTER ROSE SOCIETY 

The annual exhibition of the Rochester Rose 
Society will be held in the Chamber of Com- 
merce Hall, Monday, June 19, 1933. Complete 
revision of premium list is under way, with the 
idea of increasing the exhibits and also to induce 



the smaller rose-grower to compete. The many 
garden clubs in this vicinity are helping on a 
membership campaign. The annual pilgrimage 
will follow the Rose Show and will take in one 
of the large nurseries. Plans for regular quarterly 
meetings are under way, with prominent rose 
authorities as speakers so as to further the love 
of the rose and create greater interest in our 
Society. There have been great additions to the 
members' rose-gardens the past year, and many 
of the latest novelties will be shown at the coming 
exhibition. — W. O. Ingle. 

PORTLAND ROSE SOCIETY 

Our annual Rose Show will be held on June 8 
and <', in conjunction with the Portland Rose 
Festival on June 8, 9, 10, and 11. 

W^e are planning a truly big Show this year 
because, in connection with tne Festival, it is 
proposed that an Electric Parade, with many 
alluring features, be part of the program. Other 
attractions will be a great number of floral floats 
depicting historical events and different lines of 
business. The Floral Parade will be held during 
the day and the Electric Parade at night. 

The Rose Show, at the Civic Auditorium, will 
be oflicially opened by the Queen of Rosaria and 
her Court at 1 p.m., Thursday, June 8, the 
coronation of the Queen taking place in the 
mammoth Multnomah Stadium at 10 a.m., the 
same day. Also, on Thursday afternoon, "Alice 
in Wonderland" will be staged by the Civic 
Theatre School in the beautiful Festival Center 
between Park and West Park streets. A great 
many different lodges, military organizations, 
the American Legion, bands, etc., will participate 
in a competitive drill-team program in the 
Multnomah Stadium at 8 p.m. 

The Floral Parade will begin at 3 p.m. on 



Friday. Interest will be added to the Rose Show 
by a further visit of the Queen and her Court at 
11 a.m. on Friday, for the awarding of famous 
trophies. At 8 p.m., in the Auditorium, in con- 
junction with the Rose Show, will occur the 
knighting ceremony put on by the Royal 
Rosarians. 

On Saturday there is to be a Junior Rose 
Festival at 2 p.m. in the beautiful Grant High 
School Bowl. At 4 p.m. and 8 p.m., that same 
day, "Alice in Wonderland" will be the program 
at the Festival Center. 

Saturday, June 10, at 9 p.m., there will be a 
Marine Pageant and fireworks along the Willa- 
mette River. The final event will be Vespers, 
under the auspices of the Council of Churches 
and the Rose Festival Association, in the Wash- 
ington Park Bowl. 

Governor Julius L. Meier has donated a 
beautiful bowl, to be awarded to the sweepstakes 
winner at the Show this year, which is creating 
a great deal of interest, and we believe it will 
add very much to the exhibition of fine individual 
roses. 

We have a splendid committee for the Show 
under Herman J. Blaesing. Mr. Blaesing has 
been an active Rosarian for a long time, and is 
also very much interested in rose-culture. 

— E. V. Creed. 

SEATTLE ROSE SOCIETY 

The Seattle Rose Society will hold its twentieth 
annual Rose Show at Floral Hall, Woodland 
Park, on Saturday, June 17, 1933. All previous 
exhibits have been of two days' duration, with 
the attending despair of wilted blooms on the 
second day. So, this year, as an experiment, we 
are staging a one-day show. The able and 
enthusiastic President of our Societv, W. L. 
Richardson, is General Chairman, and although 
minus the expensive trophies usually scheduled 
for the outstanding rose in each main division, 
the medals and ribbons will be keenly fought for 
and greatly prized. 

There is no place in America where finer roses 
are grown than in the Puget Sound country, 
where the climatic advantages rival those of 
England and the north of Ireland in mild winters, 
heavy annual rainfall, and filtered sunshine. 
With us the tender Climbing Hybrid Teas are 
planted in preference to the usual run of climbing 
roses with their one period of bloom. The writer 
hved, until four years ago, in the Middle West — 
i or years wooing the rose through alternate 
perils of winter and summer. It seems that Rose 
Paradise lies in the Pacific Northwest along the 
coastal region where the beauty of the rose is the 
fairest heritage of the Charmed Land. 

Our group is always interested in the type of 
meeting and the programs which other groups of 
rose-lovers find helpful when the proverbial two 
or three gather together for a blessing. Monthly 
meetings are the rule with us, except in July and 
August, and a table exhibit of garden roses 
begins in May and continues through December 
at every meeting. The usual variety of addresses 
on spraying, fertilizers, etc., follow the calendar, 
and there are illustrated lectures and talks on 



new roses. Most of the speakers are from our 
own membership, many of whom are experts and 
have honor in their own country. This winter, 
actual pruning of roses was demonstrated at two 
meetings, with reasons given for the why of it. 
At another, a rapid review was given of the last 
year's American Rose Annual, informing all 
present of its valuable contents. Like all dutiful 
children, we have been long affiliated with the 
mother rose group in America and count it a 
privilege. 

The Seattle Rose Society made possible, with 
the assistance of the Seattle Lions Service Club> 
the beautiful municipal rose-garden which is the 
pride of our city. We cooperate with the flower 
groups and garden clubs, whose name is legion 
in this favored land, in presenting our favorite 
flower at all the floral exhibitions to be seen and 
known of all men. During the past year, the 
Society initiated the first roadside planting of 
roses in the state of Washington on tne highway 
leading south from our city. It is known as the 
Sam Hill Rose Memorial and is well started on 
its second full year, with abundant evidence of 
success. Our next venture is in making rooted 
cuttings of Paul's Scarlet Climber and several 
thousand of these will be ready next fall for 
distribution in an effort to adorn every home and 
farmyard on the highway between Seattle and 
Tacoma. Whether it is in the campaign to save 
our roadsides and adorn them properly or to 
present a city beautiful, we labor to increase 
that chorus of praise the world round which the 
queen of flowers so richly deserves. We rejoice 
in the birthday of the American Rose Magazine 
and wish it long life. 

— Earl William Benbow. 

FLORIDA ROSE SOCIETY 

One of the objects of the Florida Rose Society 
is to awaken state-wide interest in growing more 
roses. We cannot understand why more roses: 
are not grown in all sections of Florida. There 
is no flower that will give the results that roses 
do when properly cared for, and this care is not 
such a big problem as some people think. 

Our Society issues a Bulletin annually, "Grow- 
ing Roses in Florida." Every article in the 
Bulletin is written by a Florida authority on the 
subject. We hope that each Florida member of 
the Rose Society will be stimulated to experiment 
under the guidance of these leaders and will 
work for the development of roses suitable to. 
Florida conditions. 

We have endeavored to compile a list of the 
rose-growers of the state and interest them in 
the Florida and the American Rose Societies. 

We attempted to make a survey of the counties: 
having Home Demonstration Agents, through a 
questionnaire sent to the Agents to learn the 
extent of rose-culture in the respective counties. 
We cannot report the effort a success because 
only about one-third of the Agents answered. 

A Rose Tea was held at the home of the Presi- 
dent on February 10 for members of the Florida 
Rose Society and friends. Mr. N. A. Reasoner 
attended and gave an interesting talk on growing 
roses and told us of some of the newer varieties. 



14 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



adapted to Florida conditions. After the pro- 
gram, the guests visited the rose-garden of the 
hostess, where we saw 175 bushes in 40 varieties, 
including Edith Nellie Perkins, Mrs. Pierre S. 
du Pont, Talisman, Mrs. E. P. Thorn, Ami 
Quinard, Mrs. Henry Bowles, President Herbert 
Hoover, Editor McFarland, Scorcher, Day- 
dream, Mermaid, and others. The last three 
named are climbers. Some of the varieties were 
planted last November and a few in January. 
They seem very promising. Some of them were 
accommodating enough to bloom on time for 
the State Rose Show held in connection with the 
annual meeting at Lake Wales, April 12 and 13, 
and won blue ribbons. 

The annual meeting was largely attended and 
intensely interesting. The program follows: 
President's Annual Address: Growing Roses 
They Say Will Not Grow in Florida, Miss Grace 
Simonson^ Lake Alfred; Treatment of One- Year- 
Old and Over Bushes, R. V. Ellis, Orlando; 
New Varieties of Roses, N. A. Reasoner, Oneco; 
Diseases of Roses and Their Control, Dr. W. B. 
Sbippy, Leesburg; Rose Pests and How to 
Handle Them, H. E. Bratley, Gainesville; 
Illustrated Lecture on Roses prepared by the 
American Rose Society. 

The newly elected officers for 1933 are: 
President, Mrs. S. Frank Poole, Lake Alfred; 
Vice-President, R. V. Ellis, Orlando; Secretary, 
Earl C. Barrie, Lake Wales; Treasurer, N. A. 
Reasoner, Oneco. — Tillie B. Poole. 

ROANOKE ROSE SOCIETY 

The Council and Tourney of Roses will be 
held at Hotel Roanoke, this city, Wednesday 
and Thursday, May 24 and 25, and we sincerel\ 
hope that many members from the Middle 
Atlantic States will be able to come. We believe 
that we are arranging a most interesting meeting, 
and that we shall have a good show, probably 
not nearly so large as some we have had, but we 
hope with lots of quality. It is hoped that those 
present will decide to form a sectional organiza- 
tion, within the American Rose Society, and 
hold an annual Council and Tourney in different 
places in this section. This year it is a big order 
but once it is started it will be relatively easy. 

— T. Allen Kirk. 

CHATTANOOGA ROSE SOCIETY 

Our annual Rose Show will be held during the 
week beginning May 14, and we are planning to 
make that week. Rose Week in Chattanooga. 
The exact date has not been set. We are glad 
to have the American Rose Society's medals in 
advance so they can be put on exhibit during 
the week and perhaps arouse more interest in 
the Show. — Mattie C. Blevlns. 

NIAGARA FRONTIER ROSE SOCIETY 

The Niagara Frontier Rose Society has been 
very active this year, holding interesting meet- 
ings at regular intervals in the Buffalo Museum 
of Science, a most appropriate place for gather- 
ings of this sort. At the last meeting, Dr. A. S. 
Hunter gave a very fine talk on "Research 



Aspects of Rose-Culture" without being too 
technical to he understood. 

Plans are well under way for a bigger and 
better Rose Show in June, which will be the 
second annual exhibition. It will be under the 
able supervision of Dr. Hermann Bozer. Our 
first Rose Show was a great success and was well 
attended — approximately 4500 people enjoyed 
the splendid display of roses which was staged 
at the Museum. Nearly 1500 rose blooms were 
on exhibition. 

The Society will begin planting the Niagara 
Frontier Rose Testing Garden tnis spring; in 
fact, we expect a portion will be ready in early 
May. About 250 bushes of Hybrid Rugosas, 
Polyanthas, etc., will be used for part of the 
border. The same number will be planted next 
fall, and so on until we have ultimately 5000 
bushes. The location is excellent as it lies just 
east of the Museum in Humbolt Park. More 
bushes will be planted next fall if the depression 
isn't too tougn. The garden is intended to be 
educational as well as beautiful. It is planned to 
show worthy new varieties of Hybrid Teas 
growing on aifferent understocks. 

We are not having the success securing new 
members we had hoped for, nevertheless our 
small band is enthusiastic and all are willing 
workers. 

The Society is sponsoring a 15-minute radio 
talk on roses over station WBEN on May 29. 
This will advertise the Rose Show as well as 
the Society. 

Our second annual Rose Show will be held in 
June — the date has not been definitely set. 

— Clarence A. Davis. 

IOWA ROSE SOCIETY 

It was only a few years ago that we began to 
hear discussions about the problem of rose- 
growing in Iowa. It was not unusual to hear 
"it cannot be done," "the climate is subject to 
too great extremes" — these and similar opinions 
prevailed. Owing to the enthusiasm of such 
pioneers in rose-cultivation as Mrs. Bonnie 
Orwig, Miss Izanna Chamberlain, Dr. Eli 
Grimes, Prof. A. C. Hottes, and others of Des 
Moines; Mrs. F. C. Sigler, C. K. and H. C. 
Weinman, Indianola; E. F. Wickham, Iowa City; 
Prof. J. C. Cunningham, Ames; Mrs. W. H. 
Dunshee, Cedar Rapids; Dr. F. B. James, 
Davenport; Mr. and Mrs. H. Page, Mason City; 
Frank Field, Shenandoah; L. R. Sjulin, Ham- 
burg; D. C. Snyder, Center Point; The Rev. E. 
W. Benbow, Miss Ludden, Sioux City; Mrs. Van 
VIeit, Pella; Miss Bannister, Mrs. Haw, and the 
writer, of Ottumwa; and others in various parts 
of the state, we now have an Iowa Rose Society. 

The organization was effected about six years 
ago, and its chief objectives are: To stimulate 
an interest in rose culture; to make Iowa one of 
the best rose states of the Middle West; to make 
this Society a means of mutual helpfulness to 
those interested in growing roses; to develop 
"rose friendships" at the bi-annual meetings; to 
arrange pilgrimages to gardens of this state and 
neighboring states; to issue helpful bulletins two 
to four times per year; to hold an annual Rose 



Show; to promote a general spirit of mutual 
helpfulness in the problenis of growing roses. 

At once the organization affiliated with the 
American Rose Society. Today, enthusiasts 
from all sections of Iowa agree that rose-growing 
is a pleasure and a diversion. Regardless of the 
financial situation, interest is growing and 
spreading steadily throughout the state. Of 
course, it is fraught with just enough disappoint- 
ment to make the experiments more interesting, 
and to instil a firmer determination to carry on 
to success those projects started a few years ago. 
Now and then we hear of those who use cuill 
judgment in attempting to grow roses. They 
buy a few good roses, plant them in a haphazard 
way, and wait for results — much as the house- 
wife, wishing to make perfect bread, would buy 
a sack of flour, mix some flour with a little water, 
leaving out the rest of the necessary ingredients 
to make a perfect loaf. 

Iowa's State Flower is the wild rose. Many, 
many varieties of this lovely modest little shrub 
grow luxuriantly in every section of the state. 
From this we learn that we have the climate and 
soil in which roses thrive. One of the first ques- 
tions asked is "What shall I plant?" Hardiness 
and beautv are essential. Not long after Iowa 
was settled our forefathers sent "back home" for 
some of the "old-fashioned" roses. We still have 
with us the descendants of both — the forebears 
and those early old-fashioned roses. Later there 
was a perfect epidemic of Crimson Ramblers, 
Dorothy Perkins, General Jacaueminots, and 
others. Experimenters then introduced a number 
of Hybrid Perpetuals, Teas, Hybrid Teas, climb- 
ing roses, notably Paul's Scarlet Climber and 
Climbing American Beauty. The earliest Rugosas 
do not seem to have had a lasting popularity. 
The pillar roses and the dainty little Polyanthas 
found many friends. Every year, more Climbing 
Teas are making their debut. The hardiest of 
the early favorites was Gruss an Teplitz — carry- 
ing its flaming torch to all parts of the state, 
making friends everywhere, and keeping those 
friends. The Radiances, Columbia, Mme. 
Butterfly were also early favorites, followed soon 
by Souvenir de Claudius and Georges Pernet, 
Wilhelm Kordes, and many others. Now almost 
every garden has added Etoile de HoIIande, 
Dame Edith Helen, Rev. F. Page-Roberts, 
Talisman, President Herbert Hoover, Lady 
Margaret Stewart, Ville de Paris, Mrs. Henry 
Morse, Mrs. Charles Bell, Edith Nellie Perkins, 
Mme. Caroline Testout, Kaiserin Auguste 
Viktoria, Olympiad, Daydream, Scorcher, Mrs. 
Henry Bowles, Feu Joseph Looymans, Mme. 
Edouard Herriot, Innocence, Gruss an Aachen, 
Chatillon, Lafayette, the Poulsens, and others. 
The red and pink Grootendorsts have come to 
stay, and no mere "town-lot" gardener can begin 
to find space for enough pillar roses and climbing 
roses — there are so many beautiful ones. There 
are scores of roses not mentioned that are equally 
as satisfactory as those named. 

The annual Rose Show will be held in Des 
Moines in June, exact date to be announced 
later. On this same date the annual meeting will 
be held. 

In the less than six years of our state organ- 



ization we have encouraged rose cultivation to 
such an extent that we now have to our credit 
several municipal rose-gardens. We have fur- 
thered plans for more roadside planting. We 
are now trying to work out plans for rose test- 
garden work. We still have problems to solve — 
chiefly, to eliminate black-spot, and to further 
overcome the old prejudice that "roses cannot 
be successfully grown in this climate." Happily, 
the members of this organization are spreading 
the glad tidings that splendid roses are groivn in 
this climate. And we hope that, ultimately, Iowa 
will be the Rose State of the Middle West. 

— Martha F. Thrall. 

ROSE SOCIETY OF READING 

The Rose Society of Reading, Pa., in its first 
year of existence records: 

One June Pilgrimage, very enthusiastic 
though rich in rain; choice blooms at President 
Schlaybach's garden; extensive survey' in Allen- 
town and Bethlehem gardens. 

One Rose Section at the Flower Show held by 
Reading Woman's Club, in September. Condi- 
tions were droughty but the September winners 
were pleased with ribbons from the Club and 
vases — by Farr — from the Society, a cooperation 
entirely satisfactory. 

One fall meeting was held to settle the arrange- 
ments for "The Idea" — the planting of historical 
roses, at the Berks County Historical Society 
Building. Mr. McGinnes, Mrs. Edward Mark, 
F. McKinney, and the Secretary, the Committee, 
selected as a bicentennial recognition, General 
Washington, originated 1860; Harison's Yellow 
the oldest American rose; and York and Lan- 
caster, historically outstanding. When in our 
town, stop at Centre Avenue and Spring Streets, 
to see if **The Idea" can be adapted to your 
community. 

One spring invitation to hear R. Marion 
Hatton talk in April for the Garden Section at 
the Woman's Club. His slides were beautiful 
and his demonstration of rose-pruning illuminat- 
ing and helpful. 

The future is as yet a numbered seedling await- 
ing observation, trial, and reports. Possible 
programs may include similar events and pos- 
sibly some promising "sports" of new value 
may show on the beds of our Society's ground. 
Dr. McFarland, who helped in setting our 
plant-members last April, 1932, at our organiza- 
tion, may find us not so bushy as yet, but the 
rooting is going on, and when more fully estab- 
lished we hope the rose wiU be more emblematic 
of this town than the pretzel. 

— Miriam Louise Stirl. 

CALDWELL ROSE SOCIETY 

June 10 has been tentatively fixed for the 
third annual Caldwell [Idaho] rose show, staged 
by the Caldwell Rose Society, with the Caldwell 
State Bank as host and sponsor for the show. 

A slow and backwarci spring, following the 
most devastating winter in local history, makes 
setting the date for the display difficult. It is 
too early, too, to tell precisely what effect the 
destructive cold of last December and February 



■ ri 



16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



will have on tlic quantity of blossoms entcrt-d at 

this year's show. . .„ , r , ^; 

Climbing rose entries will be far less competi- 
tive than in former years because only those 
roses which grew in protected spots survived the 
12° and 20° below-zero weather that visited the 
Boise Valley in December and jFebruary, 
respectively. Thousands of roses perished last 
winter, and thousands of new plant mgs have 
been made to replace the losses, but it is too 
early to predict the probable effect on quahty or 
quantity of blossoms which will be exhibited on 

^December's cold followed a mellow and, from 
the standpoint of roses, a marvelous autumn. 
There was no protective snow covering in 
December, and, as is quite customary here, 
many optimists had provided no natural pro- 
tection for roses. That cold was followed by a 
moderate January, and then, m February, the 
mercury took its second dip of the winter, 
reaching 21° below zero. Six inches of snow 
softened the blow this time. 

Rather noteworthy are some observations 
arising from such an unparalleled winter, which 
Dr W. J. Boone declares killed more ot his 
roses than he had lost in forty yV'^rs* previous 
experience in growing them in Caldwell. Mme. 
Edouard Herriot came through, as usual, and 1 
note that Climbing American Beauty and Paul s 
Scarlet Climber are alone among the commonly 
grown "hardy" climbers to retain any live wood 
with the ordinary gardener. Una Wallace and 
Padre came through with a higher percentage 
of live wood than other sorts, although two 
Impress plants, without protection, survived 
without loss for me. . t r i 

For the first time in my experience, 1 tou»^^ 
plants this spring with live bud-wood and dead 
understocks. Any value which may attach to 
that observation was lost, however, through the 
fact that my limited records of understocks 
made it impossible to arrive at any conclusion 
relative to their comparative cold-resistant 

qualities. . 

More roses were sold here this spring, 1 believe, 
than in any former year. Replacements took 
many, but not even the unfortunate experience 
of the past winter seems to have interrupted the 
tremendously increasing interest in the cultiva- 
tion of the rose in Caldwell. 

Few changes are contemplated in the show 
make-up. The Caldwell State Bank provides an 
admirable setting for the show, with a strikingly 
beautiful lobby lending itself excellently to that 
purpose. That the show and roses are popular 
in Caldwell finds ample demonstration from the 
fact that last year, from noon opening until 10 
o'clock at night, the bank lobby was jammed to 
the doors with keenly interested spectators. So 
successful has this rose exhibit become that 
several others in southwestern Idaho were last 
year patterned after it. — Aden Hyde. 

EAST BAY COUNTIES ROSE SOCIETY 

Two years ago, prompted and encouraged by 
the appeal made by Robert Pyle for more and 
better municipal rose-gardens, I announced to 



Oakland's [California] enterprising Business 
Men's Garden Club that we wdre ^omg to have 
a municipal rose-garden. By fortuitous circum- 
stance, a sympathetic member df the Park 
Board, and the need for unemployment reliet, 
all ground-work on that garden has been com- 
pleted and the first unit planted. 

Last October, the Central Division ot the 
Pacific Rose Conference was scheduled to meet 
in Oakland. The local secretary, feeling that 
the garden project needed the guidance and 
advice of well-informed growers, called for a pre- 
conference meeting of the American Rose Society 
members living in the East Bay region, hight 
loyal and sturdy rose-Ioving souls responded, 
and a new Rose Society was born. 

We are all "dirt gardeners," as the saying 
goes, banded together with the purpose of learn- 
ing all we can from each other and to disseminate 
information which seems to be good to others 
whose rose-consciousness may not be so intense. 
Meetings are held the second Monday ot each 
month, and Saturday. May 6, we stage our hrst 
annual show. Comfort and inspiration has come 
from the magnificent cooperation and otter ot 
assistance from members of the Santa Clara 
County Rose Society, who are old hands at that 
sort of thing. Led by Mrs. Charles Derby, who 
is guardian angel of northern California rose 
enthusiasts, they have a truly wonderful organ- 
ization. Incidentally, too, one of their other 
members, C. H. Stocking, rose-grower par 
excellence, and a grand fellow, is a regular power- 
house of generous help. , , . .„ . , 

If financially successful, the show will provide 
funds for our Society to take over the selection 
and purchase of all the plants needed m one ot 
the remaining units of the municipal garden. 

In this connection, we have estabhshed a 
policy of supporting only legitimate rose-growers. 
There is too much "bootlegging" m plant-sale, 
and it is only right and proper to boost those 
who are so ready to help us. We have declared 
war on all cheap package and ten-cent store 

merchandise. ^ . . , . i r 

The bright spot in our official history thus tar 
has been our contact with Prof. L. M. Massey, 
of Cornell University, who has spent his Sal> 
batical year at our State University. Vast good 
has been done by his teachings on mildew con- 
trol, for mildew is our one great bugbear here. 

Each member is growing one or more novelties 
of this year's introduction, and an exact account 
of their performance is to become part of the 
Secretary's records. Rather than leave the 
matter to the growers* opinions, we require 
specific information on growth, bloom, color, 
health, etc. Some members are also engaged m 
an advisory capacity in the municipal garden 

project. , , , I -ii 

We have not made, and probably never will 
make, a drive for increased membership. We 
are anxious rather that all rose-growers who are 
truly interested, real "dirt gardeners, shall 
wish to join us. If they do, they will be many 
times welcome for we need them. Heaven forbid 
that we should ever become an impotent social 
group as have so many other garden institutions. 

—Charles V. Covell. 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY. HARRISBURG. PENNA. 

Edited bv J. HORACE McFARLAND and G. A. STEVENS 



JULY-AUGUST, 1933 



$1.50 A YEAR; 25 CTS. A COPY 



T 



Annual Meeting, Boston, 1933 

HE drawing power of the rose in hot weather and hard times was surely evidenced when 
so manTro^ Wends got together at and about the Hotel Somerset m Boston m the last 

M. week of June. -^ j j i f •♦ 

I There were roses to see, particularly in the very charming Fenway Garden, a model ot its 
kind and less importantly in the Franklin Park rose-garden. At Marblehead, at Quisset, at 
Woods Hole at Falmouth, to all of which points pilgrimages were made, there were wonderful 
roses in s^ht, and they were enjoyed not only for themselves but because they reflected the 
genius of Mrs. Harriett R. Foote. „ , . 

The meetings of the American Rose Society evidenced a disposition to get down to brass 
tacks " A Committee on the Revision of the Rules for Awards and Exhibitions was appointed 
^th R. Marion Hatton as chairman. To the Executive Comniittee was referred the constitution 
ol a committee on reorganizing the government of the Society, in order that there may be included 
either a Council or a larger body of Trustees of representative character. 

The Committee on Rose Classification being constituted under Leonard Barron as cha'rman 
will, it is believed (because action has already begun) set up a definite authority as to what roses 
'are, and will at least begin to end some of the anomalies now existing. 

That very energetic worker, Dr. Whitman Cross, was made chairman of a Committee on 
Sectional Organizations, intended to spread the American Rose Society s kindly coverage over 
the whole country without expecting impossibilities in the way of one national show or meeting. 
The remarkable progress made toward a National Rose-Garden under the same chairmanship. 
was reported and progress marked, with authority to go on with the effort. The present Prize 
'committee was given extended supervision of test-gardens and the individual testing ot roses. 

All these doings show the vitality of the rose from the amateur standpoint, and inasmuch 
as the Boston meeting brought people from the extreme West and the extreme South, as well as 
the intervening country, it can be assumed that we are beginning to have a very definite amateur 
rose-consciousness in America. 




V\ 



U\ 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G. A. Stevens 

Published bi-montbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 



Subscription price: To members of the American Rose 
Society 75 cts. a year, 15 cts. a copy, wbtcb amount is 
included in the annual dues oj $3fo. 

To all others: $1.50 a year, 25 cts. a copy. 

Entered as second-class matter at the Post Othce at Harris- 
burg, Pa., under the act of March 3, 1879. 



Volume I, No. 3 



1933 July-August 



IN RETROSPECT, it seems that this 
year's annual meeting \vas notable 
for the participation in discussions at 
the Trustees' meetings by visiting mem- 
bers and by the smoothness with which 
the details of the program were carried 
out. The first, I believe, is due to the 
members' increasing interest in the work 
of the Society, and the second is largely 
to the credit of Mr. Paul Frese, Vice- 
President of the American Rose Society 
for Massachusetts, who did all the pre- 
liminary work before we arrived in Bos- 
ton. The Society is grateful to him. 

Members and Trustees began assem- 
bling at the Hotel Somerset early on the 
27th, and many found opportunity to 
visit the new Fenway rose-garden recently 
planted by the Department of Parks. In 
the evening the gardens were illuminated 
with variously colored lamps and made a 
very attractive picture, although the hues 
of the roses were spoiled by the lights. 

A quick trip in the early afternoon to 
the municipal rose-garden in Franklin 
Park showed that it lost none of the 
beauty which characterized it when we 
saw it ten years ago, and although it is a 
very different kind of rose-garden from 
the new one in the Fenway, it is not lack- 
ing in interest and seems admirably 
adapted to its location. 

Following the Trustees' meeting on the 
morning of the 28th, we set out for Mar- 
blehead. The Rock-Mere Hotel, over- 
looking beautiful Marblehead Bay, pro- 
vided an ample and comforting lunch, 
after which we proceeded to visit the 
garden of Mrs. Harriett Risley Foote, 
which Mr. Nicolas will describe in greater 



detail. In her garden Mrs. Foote was 
presented with the American Rose 
Society's Gold Medal "For the beautiful 
rose-gardens she has made," and the 
party returned to Boston having enjoyed 
her most marvelous roses. 

A stop was made at Horticultural Hall 
to visit the really beautiful Rose Show 
staged by the Massachusetts Horticul- 
tural Society in honor of the American 
Rose Society's visit to Boston, and those 
of us who had the opportunity slipped 
away to the Public Gardens by Boston 
Common, to see the seal of the American 
Rose Society elaborately wrought in bed- 
ding-out plants under the direction of 
Mr. Long, Superintendent of Parks. 

A few hectic hours intervened for the 
Secretary and his assistants in preparing 
the reports for the annual meeting, meet- 
ing reporters, and answering questions, 
but all was ready for the banquet and 
annual meeting at 7.30 p.m., which was 
attended by all the members of the 
Society in Boston, as well as representa- 
tives of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society and Arnold Arboretum. 

On the following morning the members 
climbed aboard the busses again and pro- 
ceeded to North Easton where we were 
received by Mrs. Louis A. Frothingham 
in her beautiful rose-garden, which we had 
visited in 1924. 

A cruel part of the Secretary's job was 
to drag the members away from this 
charming garden for the trip to Falmouth, 
and a delightful luncheon prepared for us 
under the direction of the Cape Cod 
Horticultural Society whose members 
acted as cur hosts. 

A quick visit to the most charming 
garden of Mr. and Mrs. Geoffrey C. Whit- 
ney where the Secretary had even a more 
difficult time herding the reluctant visitors 
into the busses, delayed the trip to the 
rose-garden of Mr. and Mrs. E. S. Web- 
ster, but Mrs. Webster most graciously 
forgave us and we had a tremendously 
exciting time viewing her magnificent 
roses. Regretfully, I had to leave the 
group after only a brief visit. The party 
did not leave the Webster garden until 
long afterward, arriving in Boston just 
in time to allow those who wished to 
attend the concert given by the Boston 
Symphony Orchestra in honor of the 
Rose Society's meeting. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Mrs. Foote's Garden at 
Marblehead 

Mrs. Foote's rose-garden, which we 
visited during the recent annual meeting 
of the American Rose Society in Boston, 
is more than a garden — it is an inspi- 
ration; and a visit to it is both a revelation 
and an education to the most "advanced" 
rosarians. It is what the French justly 
call "Roseraie-Ecole" (rosery school) such 
as are maintained in France by some large 
rose-growers in order to educate the 
amateur by demonstrating the elastic 
adaptability of rose varieties and the 
maximum obtainable from each one. 

In her garden, Mrs. Foote has reduced 
rose-growing to an exact science and 
proved beyond doubt that most roses can 
be grown in any climate with proper care, 
adequate winter protection, and love. 

Her garden makes no elaborate pre- 
tensions; it is primarily a collection, a 
museum we might say, and all available 
space is utilized by long beds with narrow 
paths between to permit close study of 
each variety. 

The plants are allowed to grow natu- 
rally without severe pruning or any prun- 
ing at all beyond removing old wood when 
it begins to show exhaustion. The result 
of this is tall growth and bushy plants. 
Mrs. Foote does not believe in removing 
any foliage when cutting dead blooms. 
Her theory, which is scientifically correct 
and is the reason why plants must be pro- 
tected against any defoliating agent, is 
that the more foliage a plant has, the 
more it will grow and bloom. Of course, 
to grow roses to such great size requires 
adequate winter protection, or Nature 
would do some pruning of her own. Mrs. 
Foote has developed a system by which 
the plants can be laid on their sides and 
easily covered with either loose soil, 
straw, or leaves. By that system Climb- 
ing Hybrid Teas can be grown to great 
heights and they were a most magnificent 
sight in her garden. For instance, Climb- 
ing Mrs. Aaron Ward, Climbing Louise 
Catherine Breslau (which was perhaps 
the most beautiful rose of the day) 
towered 10 feet over the paths.* Mrs. 
Foote is also a great believer in rich food 
and good soil. In her estimation the best 



rose-soil is a loamy clay from old pastures 
enriched, of course, with cattle manure. 

We noticed that, in all rose-gardens 
supervised by Mrs. Foote, plants are set 
very close together, about 1 2 inches apart 
on all sides. This close planting keeps 
the ground shaded and cool and it also 
forces the plants to grow upright and high. 

♦Mrs. Foote told me that she had never planted a 
Climbing Hybrid Tea in her garden. She was niuch 
amused that we should consider ner bush roses as climb- 
ers. — Editor. 

— J. H. Nicolas 

Mrs. Crowninshield's Rose- 
Garden 

American Rose Society pilgrimages are 
very different and always delightful. 
They cover much ground, and sometimes 
the speed is a bit dizzy. Thus, our day 
at Marblehead was full, very full. Be- 
cause of a habit of quick observation, the 
writer was fortunate enough to break 
away and have an all-too-brief visit to the 
very lovely rose-garden maintained by 
that enthusiastic gardener, Mrs. F. B. 
Crowninshield, at Wayside Farm. 

Wherever that good lady lives there is 
a garden, as the same observer had dis- 
covered when he saw what she could do at 
Bocagrande, in Florida, under conditions 
that would discourage less-persistent gar- 
deners. The Montchanin garden in Dela- 
ware, which takes part of Mrs. Crownin- 
shield's time, is added proof of her garden 
enthusiasm and knowledge. 

Her Marblehead home is flanked by a 
dainty, personal rose-garden which is a 
joy to see. It takes advantage of a shel- 
tered nook in which the background of 
great trees gives the color of the fine 
blooms their fullest opportunity. Keen 
discrimination among varieties and a 
desire for color harmony have provided in 
this lovely garden separations and asso- 
ciations which make the pleasantly formal 
rectangular beds not only beautiful but 
highly educational. As one looks down 
upon them from the home of which they 
are a part, and as one goes about among 
the labeled plants, both old and new 
friends are met. 

The quality of the flowers was "top 
notch." Here there was much encourage- 
ment for those who have not large and 
open spaces for roses. Mrs. Crowninshield 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



has proved again that shade and shelter 
are advantageous, and in her garden they 
have certainly produced astonishing re- 
sults. There was no jarring color mixture, 
and, responding to the care and love 
lavished upon them, every plant of every 
variety was doing its lovely best. 

—J. Horace McFarland 

The Rose Show of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society 

Enjoyment is keener by contrasts, and 
the transition from Mrs. Footers myriads 
of brilliant blooms to the coolness and 
tempered light of Horticultural Hall on 
Wednesday afternoon was very pleasant. 
The Massachusetts Horticultural Society 
had courteously staged an exhibition 
complimentary to visiting rosarians, and 
while, with the usual deprecatory attitude 
of creators of any garden phase, those 
responsible deplored the early season and 
hot weather as detracting from possible 
perfection, the observers deemed it all 
delightful, and felt the addition of other 
flowers than the rose enhanced the picture. 
Against a bank of cedars at the end of 
the main hall, James Wheeler, of Natick, 
massed delphiniums in splendid spikes of 
delicate blue and deepest indigo (Gold 
Medal), and another display of the same 
flower was arranged by Mrs. M. N. 
Estabrook, of Maynard (Silver Medal). 
Demonstrating, also, a nice use of back- 
ground was the grouping against black 
cloth of the collection of sweet peas from 
the gardens of Mr. and Mrs. M. M. Van 
Buren of Newport, R. I. (Gold Medal). 
Louis Vasseur, of Milton, showed interest- 
ing crosses between Lilium umbellatum 
and L. davuricum, and the splendid col- 
lection of William N. Craig, of Wey- 
mouth, consisted of rare hybrids, just 
available for gardens, many from the 
strain raised by the late Mrs. R. O. 
Backhouse of England, crosses of L. 
Martagon and L. Hansonii. Colorings 
were elusive and fascinating — pinky buffs 
and golden oranges called Brocade, 
Golden Orb, Sceptre, Sutton Court; deep 
wine-red L. Dalhansonii and 8-foot 
orange-crimson L. pardalinum giganteum 
— they were all an emphatic denial of the 
flippant gardener's assertion that any- 



thing but a white lily represented un- 
morality in horticulture! (Gold Medal.) 
The Bay State Nurseries, at Abmgton 
(Silver Medal), combined the new trol- 
lius. Golden Queen, with santolma in a 
pleasant harmony of gray and gold. 

Rose-gardens of lOO to 200 square feet 
showed to advantage differing types, old 
favorites sharing interest with late intro- 
ductions. Joseph Breck, of Boston (Silver 
Medal American Rose Society), featured 
Comtesse Vandal, bronze-red buds open- 
ing to rose-pink; Mary Hart, maroon- 
red with orange and bronze tones; 
Souvenir, a yellow sport of Talisman. 
The last name seemed confusing, as 
inquiries were heard as to its identity 
with Souvenir de Claudius Pernet. ^y. 
W. Edgar, of Waverly, massed his Hybrid 
Tea, Roslyn in one bed, lovely yellow 
things of exquisite shape (Silver Medal 
A. R. S.). Thomas Roland, of Nahant, 
showed interesting possibilities with Poly- 
anthas, Gloria Mundi, scarlet overlaid 
with film of gold, and Ellen Poulsen, 
ruffled pink in clusters (Silver Medal 
A. R. S.). Mr. and Mrs. Walter BrowneH, 
of Little Compton, R. I., whetted the 
desires of all rosarians with the golden 
climber, Mrs. Arthur Curtiss James, only 
available next year, and also exhibited 
seedlings of yellow and orange Rugosas 
and climbers (Silver Medal A. R. S.). 

Other exhibits of beauty and specific 
interest came from the Arnold Arbore- 
tum; Jackson & Perkins Company, 
Newark, N. Y.; the Lexington Field and 
Garden Club, roses originating in Massa- 
chusetts; Cherry Hill Nurseries, West 
Newbury, Mass.; Wilfred Wheeler, M. 
H. Walsh climbers; Mrs. Roger Conant 
Hatch, Cohasset, 50 square feet of garden 
roses, not less than 25 varieties (Silver 
Medal A. R. S.); and Mrs. Gertrude I. 
Titus of Swampscott. For those to whom 
origins appeal, the corner showing species 
roses, with maps giving natural habitats, 
was significant, as it is an amazing 
thought that the garden queens of today 
come from wild things which have been 
since the world began, trodden by the 
Chinese coolie, gazed upon by the 
Indian, gathered in the Orient, fingered 
by the Alaskan — a good lesson in begin- 
nings. — Mrs. Jay Clark, Jr. 



The Cape Cod Tour 

Thursday, June 29, 1933, was a day 
some of us will long remember, for we 
were privileged to see roses in their 
highest state of culture, displaying perfect 
flowers of mammoth size and color such 
as we dream about. 

The party left Boston shortly after 
8 o'clock in two busses and several private 
cars, stopping first in North Easton at 
the lovely home of Mrs. Louis A. Froth- 
ingham, where we were welcomed by 
Mrs. Frothingham among her roses. 

This lovely garden, which is one of the 
earlier ones planted by Mrs. Foote, has 
a wonderful setting of stately trees and 
fine shrubbery. Trees which have every 
appearance of having occupied their 
places for ages were all planted by the 
owners after they acquired the estate only 
a few short years ago. 

The rose-garden occupies two levels. 
The upper garden contains several beds 
of various Hybrid Teas, many of which 
are rarely seen today. Several plants of 
Indiana, one of E. G. Hill's early varieties, 
were loaded with their finely formed pink 
blooms. Another American rose \yhich 
made a splendid showing was Felicity, 
still among the best of its type. 

The lower garden, which is reached by 
broad stone steps, is a beautiful picture 
when viewed from the upper level. A 
large circular pool is surrounded by the 
trailing canes of Aviateur Bleriot in fuH 
bloom, with the fountain keeping it con- 
stantly moist. The magnolia fragrance 
of this charming Wichuraiana hybrid 
filled the entire garden. 

Beds of various Hybrid Teas in perfect 
condition, both dwarfs and standards, 
lay between the pool and the surrounding 
hedge of Climbers and Ramblers full of 
bloom. 

Although planted by Mrs. Foote nearly 
ten years ago, the garden is now under the 
personal supervision of Mrs. Frothing- 
ham, who knows and loves her roses well 
and personally sees that they are properly 
cared for both summer and winter. 

In addition to the garden proper, roses 
were featured elsewhere on the grounds. 
Splendid bushes of Hugonis and Ecae 
were noticed among the shrubbery along 
one of the walks. 



After an hour or so here, we headed for 
Falmouth, and somewhat after 2 o'clock 
arrived at the garden of Mr. and Mrs. 
E. S. Webster, at Quisset. 

The Webster rose-garden is one of the 
most beautiful in this country, and is one 
of Mrs. Foote's greatest achievements. 

It is really a series of gardens on differ- 
ent levels, so arranged that one can enjoy 
the whole picture from the upper terrace, 
or wander among the shoulder-high roses 
in any of the series without realizing that 
there is more to see. 

We entered through a small garden of 
fine perennials, and the rose-picture 
suddenly burst upon us. Roses in a state 
of perfect culture — Hybrid Teas, 4, 5, 
and 6 feet tall, with richly colored blooms 
of unbelievable size! 

No wonder that both Mrs. Webster, 
who welcomed the visitors, and Mrs. 
Foote should be kept busy every minute 
identifying the varieties for the astonished 
rosarians. No one could recognize even 
his favorite varieties in their glorified 
incarnation there! 

On the closed sides of the gardens were 
splendid specimens of the better Climbers. 
One glorious mass of red proved to be 
Souvenir de Claudius Denoyel, with hun- 
dreds of perfect blooms. A large pergola 
at the end of the first vista was covered 
with Albertine in full bloom; at right 
angles to this level, and facing the sea, is 
another garden surrounded by Climbers. 
Entered through an arbor covered with 
Chaplin's Pink Climber, and viewed from 
the waterside this arbor looked for all the 
world like a piled-up mass of pink snow 
shoveled on top of the arbor, for the 
foliage was entirely hidden. Standards 
were everywhere, splendid standards of 
Mme. Edouard Herriot, Los Angeles, and 
many other such beautiful but difficult 
varieties. Great plants of Chateau de 
Clos Vougeot stood 3 feet tall, with masses 
of bloom ; Souvenir de Georges Pernet and 
Lucie Marie had scores of enormous flow- 
ers to each plant. There were whole beds 
of Comtesse du Cayla and Hofgartner 
Kalb, valuable Bengal roses very rarely 
seen. A lovely blue-tiled pool was sur- 
rounded by trailing Climbers, Polyanthas, 
and splendid standards. A perfect plant 
of Mermaid was just opening her lovely 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



pale yellow flowers. Several bushes of 
White Ensign, which I believe is the best 
white garden rose in existence, were mag- 
nificently fine. Portadown Ivory stood 
4 feet tall, with dozens of pure white 
blooms as large as saucers. One could go 
on for pages recalling the wonderful things 
seen there. 

Refreshments were served under the 
trees by the waterside where an up-slope 
view of the garden aff"orded another en- 
trancing picture. — R. Marion Hatton. 

'^Gentlemen Prefer Blondes'* 

In the 1927 Annual, Geofi*rey C. 
Whitney, of Milton, Mass., discussed his 
preference for yellow roses. He has 
carried out this preference at his summer 
home in Woods Hole, to which, during the 
crowded day of the American Rose 
Society^s pilgrimage to Cape Cod, an all- 
too-hasty visit was made. 

In a peculiar way Mr. Whitney has 
made his garden a part of his home and 
his home a part of his garden. On the 
rugged ocean front, within sound of the 
fog-horn that warns mariners off this 
rocky shore, this garden-home has grown. 
No great splash of roses fills the eye, but 



the eye soon finds, amid the pleasures that 
good garden form and wide variety in 
selected plants provide, that the rose is 
Mr. Whitney's favorite, and that those 
roses with the hue of the sun in them are 
preferred. 

Mr. Whitney's garden is a garden of 
vistas and pictures, as well as of roses and 
other woody plants. Without obtrusive 
architectural decoration, plants are given 
full sway, so that in every direction there 
is a vista of the good things that grow in 
this favorable climate. 

All the roses are clearly labeled, and 
thus the garden is helpful to those who 
desire to add to their knowledge. While 
he does not particularly favor the Hybrid 
Perpetuals, Mr. Whitney has nevertheless 
provided an astonishing group of great, 
full-blooming roses of this type which 
amazed us all. 

It is one of the advantages of rose- 
gardens that while comparisons may be 
odorous, they never become odious! Each 
garden has a personality, and Mr. 
Whitney's garden, like his home, reflects 
a personality that has accomplished so 
much of agreeable beauty, kindly made 
available to the rose pilgrims who enjoyed 

• 

— J. Horace McFarland 



Trustees' Meeting, June 27, 1933, Boston, Mass. 



Dr. Whitman Cross, Vice-President, presiding. 
Present: Dr. J. Horace McFarland, Dr. T. 
Allen Kirk, Alexander Gumming, Jr., J. H. 
Nicolas, S. S. Pennock, Robert Simpson, G. 
A. Stevens, and later, Richardson Wright. 
Present as guests: Mrs. W. W. Gibbs, Mrs. A. 
C. Ford, Mrs. J. Smith Garaway, Mrs. S. S. 
Pennock and the Misses Pennock, M. H. Hor- 
vath, G. E. Hamilton, E. V. Creed, R. Marion 
Hatton. 

The Trustees' meeting immediately followed 
a dinner at which all the members of the Rose 
Society who were known to be in the Hotel 
Somerset were present. Because the President 
was delayed by a late train. Dr. Cross took the 
chair. Since it was necessary for E. V. Creed, 
President of the Portland Rose Society, to leave 
within an hour for an important business engage- 
ment in Quebec, Dr. Cross suspended the order 
of business to give him an opportunity to speak. 

Mr. Creed brought the greetings of the Port- 
land Rose Society and a cordial invitation to the 
Society to hold its annual meeting in that city 
next year. He read telegrams from the Governor 
of Oregon, the Mayor of Portland, the Lions' 



Club, the Royal Rosarians, the President of the 
Portland Garden Club, the Superintendent of 
Parks in Portland, from the Curator of the Inter- 
national Rose-Test Garden, and other prominent 
citizens urging the American Rose Society to 
accept the invitation. Mr. Creed told of the 
extent of rose-interest in Portland. He described 
the annual rose show which has been held in that 
city every season for the past forty-five years, 
and in some years a fall show also. He spoke of 
the Royal Rosarians, an organization of business 
men and garden enthusiasts which has now been 
in existence twenty-five years or more, and which 
sponsors the rose festival, the rose parade, and 
other events during the rose season. He described 
the educational work conducted by the Royal 
Rosarians among the 4-H Clubs of the schools, 
and told how the school children are taught to 
make small rose-gardens and are awarded prizes 
for the best. A part of the autumn rose show is 
set apart each year for the children. He described 
at some length the rose show held on June 8, 9, 
10, and 11 of this year, and explained that be- 
cause the Pacific Coast Conference of the 
American Rose Society is being held in Portland 



next season it would be a most opportune time 
for the American Rose Society to come there. It 
is expected that a number of interested members 
from California and Washington will attend, and 
that the community is making great preparations 
for the event. He extended the hospitahty of the 
city on behalf of the Chamber of Commerce to the 
officers, and assured us that there will be no 
expense in connection with the tours to rose- 
gardens and other places of interest. 

Mr. Creed spoke eloquently, and his remarks 
met with approval and applause. After brief 
good-byes he left the meeting and departed for 
Quebec. 

Dr. Cross then called upon George E. Hamilton, 
of Des Moines, Iowa, who, on behalf of the Iowa 
Rose Society, invited the American Rose Society 
to hold its annual meeting in Des Moines next 
year, and continued: 

"From our standpoint we have roses in Iowa. 
We are ambitious, ^nd that is the angle I want 
to stress just now. We have a verv energetic 
state organization and a Men's Garcfen Club of 
more than one hundred which is working up a 
great enthusiasm for rose culture. . . . Des 
Moines is east of the geographic center of the 
country and west of the center of population, and 
it is worth considering, I think, that within a 
radius of three or four hundred miles we have 
contact with such centers as Minneapolis and 
St. Paul, Milwaukee, Chicago, St. Louis, 
Memphis, Kansas City, and Omaha. Here is a 
very fertile field for an increased membership and 
cooperation. Our location is worth considering, 
particularly at a time when people hesitate to 
take long journeys. It would lend itself, under 
present conditions, to attract a large number of 
people. We have all the equipment necessary to 
handle a large meeting, splendid hotels and halls. 
It would be a logical time to come to Iowa, be- 
cause of the good that could be done. Either 
1934 or 1935 will be satisfactory to us." 

Mr. Hamilton's remarks were applauded, and 
Dr. Cross assured him that the Society was grate- 
ful for the invitation. 

Mr. Stevens mentioned that Rochester, N. Y., 
and San Diego, Calif., had cast their influence 
more or less toward Portland, Ore., and hope 
to extend their invitations to the Society in 1935. 
A note from state organizations in Texas was 
read, indicating that they favored Portland, Ore., 
as the meeting-place for next year. The matter 
was dropped for the time being. 

Dr. Cross called for the reading of the Minutes* 
of the previous meeting of the Trustees, held in 
the rooms of the Pennsylvania Horticultural 
Society at Philadelphia on March 27, 1933. The 
reading of the Minutes was dispensed with, since 
the Trustees had received copies previous to this 
meeting. 

Mr. Pennock presented the Treasurer's report, 
copies of which were passed to all the Trustees, 
and pointed out that the expense of diff"erent 
departments had been shown separately and that 
the total expense per membership was $3.64. He 
stressed the point that American Rose Society 
members receive too much for the cost of mem- 
bership, and suggested that the only way in which 
the cost could t^ reduced without curtaifing the 

*These minutes are inserted as part of the record, at the end of the account of this meeting. 



service would be by a large increase in the 
membership. Dr. McFarland moved that the 
Treasurer's report be accepted, and Mr. Simpson 
seconded the motion, which was carried. 

SECRETARY'S REPORT 

Practically all the reports to be submitted end 
with the calendar year of 1932. I did not become 
Secretary of this organization until January 1, 
and I am not in any particular position to com- 
ment upon the 1932 results. 

The audit made by John P. Herr, of Phila- 
delphia, shows clearly what happened. Of course, 
what we are most interested in is whether the 
Society is operating within its income. It is noted 
that last year we spent 12 cents per member more 
than we received from all sources of income. 

I am hoping, if present conditions continue, to 
have a slightly better record this year. We began 
the year with $2186.65, and transferred from 
West Grove $3258.00, a total of 5444.65 in cash. 
We have received to date $7948.45 from member- 
ships and income, making a total of $13,393.10 
cash available. 

Our expenses to date have been $6626.81, 
leaving us an operating balance as of June 23 of 
$(3766.29. Should we obtain one hundred more 
members this year, which is quite likely, we will 
have $350 more, or a total of $7116.29. Our 
expenses for the rest of the year ought not to 
exceed $900 for three issues of the Magazine, and 
about $1500 for office expense, total about $2400. 
This leaves us an estimated balance on December 
31 of $4716.29. 

The lantern-slide lectures have been fairly 
busy. To date, the first lecture has been out nine 
times and the second four times, but neither of 
these lectures are engaged beyond July 1. The 
total income from the slide lectures for 1933 is 
$88.49 to date, which will go far toward defraying 
the expense of the second lecture, which cost us 
$152.80. 

The drop in membership continues. We 
finished 1932 with 553 members less than we had 
in 1931. Our membership on June 22 of this 
year was 642 less than in 1932. If we get our 
expected hundred members between now and the 
end of the year, we will finish with a net loss 
about the same as that of last year. I do not 
expect really to have more than 2800 members 
at the end of 1933. The membership today is 
2512. 

There has been no special drive made for 
members since I have been Secretary. Bills for 
membership dues were sent out as part of the 
December Quarterly and resulted in a very 
satisfactory return, considering that nothing had 
been spent to get it. On February 1, statenients 
were sent to all members who had not paid to 
that date. This resulted in a great many renewals. 

New members have been acquired in different 
ways, but by far the best method has been those 
prospects whose names have been sent in by 
other members. A fair number are sent to us by 
nurserymen, and a number of nurserymen kindly 
consented to use our leaflets as stuffers in their 
correspondence. Just a few members have re- 
sulted from this. 



8 



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THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



A great many resignations were received, and 
in accordance with the agreement reached at the 
Philadelphia meeting of the Trustees, I wrote to 
the first hundred or so and asked them to con- 
tinue as members on a deferred payment basis, 
but I do not believe more than 2 or 3 per cent 
even bothered to answer the offer. Not more 
than 2 or 3 accepted. In consequence, we did not 
go on with it. The old membership lists are prac- 
tically worthless as sources of new members, and 
it is my conviction that it is not worth while to 
bring anyone into the Society by high-pressure 
methods. It certainly does not pay this organiza- 
tion to carry a member on its books for one year 
only. The office expense involved in getting such 
a member, in recording his name through a half- 
dozen different places in the books, and making 
entries and re-entries and plates for the addres- 
sograph machine is too great to be taken up by 
one year's membership dues. 

I am convinced that by some of the methods 
used in the past many people were brought into 
the Society who were not really niuch interested 
and who dropped their membership at the end of 
the first year. Such people are not only a dead 
loss, but they are a definite expense, and we don't 
want them. A small group of p>eopIe who volun- 
tarily pay their dues year by year could be more 
profitable than double or triple the number who 
nave to be fought with at 3 cents per blow, 
5 cents really by the time the letter is written, to 
get them to pay their dues. 

I should like very much to lay the advantages 
of belonging to the American Rose Society before 
every rose-grower in the United States, and I can 
think of no better way of doing this than by 
having the American Rose Society mentioned 
favorably in every catalogue which sells roses. 
So far, to a large extent, our nursery friends have 
neglected their debt to us in this respect. 

I am sorry that I cannot make a more glowing 
report of the activities and conditions of the 
Society, but I do not believe that it is in bad 
shape, although it is somewhat deflated. 

The Treasurer has told you about the financial 
condition of the organization and the stability 
of its investments. 

As I see it, the work which the Society is now 
doing for its members actually costs more than 
the members pay for it, and this can be remedied 
only by acquiring a larger number of interested 
members who will stay with us year by year, thus 
avoiding extraordinary expense in collecting dues 
and enabling us to reduce the cost of service per 
person by a lower each-price for the publications. 
There are a great many things which the 
Society could do were it properly financed. There 
are other things which it might do without the 
expenditure of any money. Sonie of these things 
are suggested in the agenda which the president 
has. I am strongly of the opinion that the Society 
is now existing without a purpose beyond that 
expressed in the motto whicn is a glittering 
generality with little or no meaning. 

The Society should be engaged actively in 
doing sometbing. The suggestions in the agenda 
of this meeting are intended to begin action. 

We badly need the cooperation of active, in- 
terested nurserymen whose business we benefit 



greatly. The florists with whom this organization 
originated have lost interest in the Society and 
apparently do not consider us as effective so far 
as their business is concerned. I do not know 
whether, as we are now constituted, we ought to 
attempt to interest the florists again or not. I 
suspect it will be a difficult job since they are so 
well taken care of by the Society of American 
Florists, but I am sure we can look to the rose 
nurserymen for closer cooperation in the future. 

— G. A. Stevens, Secretary 

Dr. McFarland called attention to the fact 
that economies have been made in the Secretary's 
office, and that the expense for 1933 will be less 
than last year. Dr. Cross stated that he believed 
that the Secretary's report "outlines for us what 
we must seriously take up as our programme for 
the coming year." 

A discussion concerning the lack of interest on 
the part of commercial florists in the American 
Rose Society followed when Dr. Kirk asked: 

"Why have the florists lost interest in the 
American Rose Society?" 

Mr. Pennock said: 

"I do not know. We have done everything 
that seemed possible to get them interested. We 
have established a Commercial Rose Interest 
Fund or Membership, which at one time was a 
considerable amount, but the Commercial Rose 
Interest Committee did not have initiative 
enough to try to use that fund in any way. In 
consequence, a good bit of the money was used 
for publications, such as *What Every Rose- 
Grower Should Know,' and there is now a little 
over $1,000 in that fund." 

Mr. Pennock asked Mr. Simpson if he could 
help the situation, and Mr. Simpson replied: 

"I do not know that I can say very much along 
that line, except that the efforts we have made to 
interest the commercial men have met with com- 
plete failure, and for the last two years, really, I 
nave not tried to do anything with them. They 
seem to believe that the American Rose Society, 
as it is organized and run today, has no interest 
or sympathy for the problems of the commercial 
grower. They do not believe it offers them any- 
thing of value, and that it is not interested in 
their work. They consider it an amateur organi- 
zation run by amateurs, and they are^ not 
interested in it. I believe that is a mistaken idea, 
but it persists. I do not know what is to be done 
about It. I was President of this organization for 
two years and have been an officer for many 
years, but I do not beheve that we can do any- 
thing as the Society is now organized that will 
interest the commercial men." 

Dr. McFarland asked permission to describe 
the background of the situation. 

**When I first became interested in the Society 
in 1915 it had 286 members, of whom 54 were 
just such enthusiasts as we are here; the rest 
were professional florists. As Mr. Simpson has 
said, the Society nearly died. It was held alive 
only by the kindly help of our late friend and 
Secretary, Benjamin Hammond. Why did it get 
in that shape? Those gentlemen who were the 
dominating members were interested only in 



forcing roses, in greenhouse roses. They had no 
interest in outdoor roses. To be brutally frank 
about it, they did not have any knowledge of 
outdoor roses then, and have none now; they 
don't know them and they don't care about them. 
"We gave the florists full attention in our pub- 
lications. When we began, we had difficulty in 
getting an expression from those men. They 
simply were not interested. For many years Mr. 
Pennock, and others who were friendly, main- 
tained an annual review of the florists* roses in 
our Annual. If afl the letters that have been 
written those gentlemen asking them to parti- 
cipate in the publications of the Society were 
gathered togetner, they would be more volumi- 
nous than tne reports of the Secretary and the 
Treasurer which have been circulated here. As 
it stands today, then, after all the effort that has 
been made, the florists are not interested in us 
and for that reason we cannot be much inter- 
ested in them. I do not know what we can do 
about it. There is no such situation in England 
where the tradesmen support the National Rose 
Society to the limit. They know there that the 
more people that grow roses the more there will 
be to buy roses. Apparently that fact does not 
enter the minds of our florists, for their sales 
people do not know and do not seem to want to 
know what they are selling. If they were wise 
they would know that a knowledge of what they 
were selling would immensely improve their own 
business while they were adding to the pres- 
tige and importance of the Society and very defi- 
nitely increase the number of roses grown in 
the land. 

"Why are they not interested? Wefl, I am 
going to say that most florists are only commer- 
cial men who would just as soon sefl ten-penny 
nails as roses. They don't love roses, they don't 
know much about roses, and consequently they 
can't be interested. There are, of course, beau- 
tiful exceptions. There are some of the finest 
rose friends in the world among the commer- 
cial florists, and they stay with us. What can 
we do about it? Frankly, I don't kno^y. 

"I have thought recently of suggesting a new 
plan for interesting nurserymen in such fashion 
as to cause them to get, say four, five or six 
times a year, the latest news we could send them 
on the testing of new roses, so that they would 
be a little further ahead of the game than some 
of them now are. We have present representa- 
tives of the largest wholesale rose-growing firm 
in the United States. Last Sunday a week I 
spent several hours in the Chicago Fair with the 
head of that firm. He was not there to see the 
Fair; he was there to see what people had to say 
about the roses he had to sell. Tnat same man 
has been to my garden and he goes to other gar- 
dens. Mr. Nicolas is here because he wants to 
find out about roses so that his firm may grow 
and sefl more roses. I think our hope, therefore, 
is much more with the nurserymen than it is 
with the florists. Personally, I feel as if I would 
be wasting time if I wrote any more letters ask- 
ing for information about cut-flower roses. We 
always know about them. It is lack of business 
acumen on the part of these men who do not 
take the information that is accessible to them. 



Why keep on? I think we had better stop try- 
ing to interest them and try to enlist the help 
of many more nurserymen to our mutual 
advantage. 

"We must see to it that the department stores, 
now in the rose-selling business, know the roses 
better and handle letter roses. The sale of 
millions of roses by department stores, as in 
the past year, is not going to stop. Texas is 
anxious to make better roses and sell them better. 
There is a tremendous field here for coopera- 
tion between the American Rose Society and the 
rose nurserymen. It is going to round itself out 
into the sale of many, many more roses. 

"There has been no neglect of the florists by 
the American Rose Society, but there does not 
seem to be any advantage to be gained by trying 
to continue with them." 

Mr. Pennock stated that in England the com- 
mercial rose-growers, as we know theni, have no 
place. The nurserymen who are affiliated with 
the National Rose Society are national nursery- 
men, but the situation in this country is very 
different. 

Mr. Nicolas urged that there should be an 
active nurserymen's committee connected with 
the American Rose Society. He felt that such 
a committee would take good care of the busi- 
ness and bring in many memt>ers to the Society. 
He informed us that Mr. Courtney Page had 
told him that the largest number of new mem- 
bers added to the National Rose Society came 
from the rose-dealers. He urged that, since the 
cut-flower grower is not interested at all in our 
Society, we drop him and put our attention on 
the rose-grower where interest could be found. 

Mr. Stevens stated that this Society was 
founded by the commercial florists. That the 
idea back of it was to improve the quality of the 
roses which the florists had to sefl; that the pres- 
ent ideal of the Society is still the same, to improve 
the quality of the roses which we grow. There 
is nothing incompatible in the two aspects of 
the same idea. It would b>e quite feasible for 
the American Rose Society to care for the inter- 
est, amateur and commercial, of all three groups, 
and he asked point blank for sonie suggestions 
as to how the American Rose Society can be of 
use to the commercial florist. 

Nobody had any suggestion, but Mr. Nicolas 
urged that the American Rose Society withdraw 
the medals which have been offered in the spring 
flower shows, stating that we have been awarding 
the Rose Society medals to the florists only; 
that the florists get the publicity and the glory 
and yet do nothing to support this organization. 
Mr. Stevens stated that the reason for that 
was that the florists had made arrangements 
by which they could exhibit their roses, whereas 
no nurseryman or amateur had yet shown any 
ability along that line. He made it clear that 
whenever a rose nurseryman would exhibit his 
roses they would be considered just as definitely 
in line for prizes as those of the florists. 

SomeIx)ay, whose name was not obtained, 
asked if the nurseryman's rose, intended pri- 
marily for outdoor growing, would not be at a 
disadvantage in competition with the florist's 
flowers, and the Secretary replied that one of the 



10 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



11 



items on the agenda had to do with the readjust- 
ment of the scale of points by which different 
types of roses were to be judged, and that the 
matter would come up for discussion later. 

jMr. Simpson spoke: 

"I do not think that Mr. Nicolas' suggestion 
is a good one. I speak from experience and ob- 
servation, for I have been a judge many times 
and have passed on the awarding of these 
medals in New York very frequently and in 
other cities sometimes. It is my impression that 
the American Rose Society reserves the right to 
name the judges who should pass on novelties 
which are candidates for medals, and I believe 
that that right should be exercised. I think that 
the American Rose Society should provide its 
own judges for all the important shows, and only 
those roses judged by tnem should be entitled 
to medals. At the last spring show, perhaps 
more gold medals were awarded for new roses 
than have ever been awarded before; perhaps 
as many as have been awarded in the entire 
history of the American Rose Society. It seemed 
to me a little futile. I believe that you would 
honor this Society by naming the judges here- 
after, and possibly preventing the award of 
medals to roses which at the time seem worthy, 
although the judges themselves knew that they 
were not worthy, having grown them or seen 
them growing under ordinary conditions." 

Dr. McFarland asked if Mr. Simpson meant 
that he would not interfere with the custom of 
giving medals to florists but would stiffen the 
conditions under which they were awarded. 
Mr. Simpson stated that was the idea. 

The Secretary then remarked, in regard to 
the rules for conducting flower shows, that there 
seems to be a rather lax idea abroad concerning 
the rules of the Society in this respect. For 
example he did not even know that a gold 
medal of the American Rose Society had been 
offered at either the International Rose Show or 
at Philadelphia this year; no application had 
been made by the exhibition committees for 
its medals, and he had no previous warning 
that they were in competition. In consequence, 
the medals were awarded before the officers of 
the Society knew anything about it. However, 
it was lucky that three of the gold medals were 
withheld because the roses to which they had 
been awarded had not been registered with the 
Society. 

A great deal of miscellaneous discussion of 
this matter followed, which did not seem to get 
anywhere particularly. 

Reports of committees were read, most of 
which were blank, and the Secretary then asked 
authority to revise the whole list of standing com- 
mittees, canceling those which were defunct and 
inoperative. He was given authority to do so 
upon motion of Dr. McFarland and seconded by 
Dr. Kirk. 

The report of the Committee of the National 
Rose-Garden was called for, and the Secretary 
read the motion concerning this Committee, 
as reported in the minutes of the Trustees' 
meeting of March 27, 1933. Dr. Cross offered 
a substitution for one paragraph in the minutes 
and the motion to amend the minutes accordingly 



was made by Dr. Cross and seconded by Mr. 
Nicolas. The amended paragraph reads as 

follows: 

"Dr. Cross introduced for discussion the proj- 
ect of a National Rose-Garden near Washington, 
controlled and directed by the American Rose 
Society. The Potomac Rose Society had been 
working for some time to secure a satisfactory 
Municipal Rose-Garden in Washington within 
Rock Creek Park. It was discouraged by the 
continuous opposition of Government authorities 
to this plan, and the Society had therefore ap- 
proved a resolution offered by him that the Ameri- 
can Rose Society be requested to consider the 
establishment of a National garden, free from 
Government control, and situated in adjacent 
parts of Maryland or Virginia now included in 
the so-called 'Metropolitan Area' about the 
Capital." 

Dr Cross then asked Dr. McFarland to take 
the chair to preside over the discussion which 
would follow his presentation of the report of 
the National Rose-Garden Committee. 

To THE President and Trustees: 

Your Committee, appointea on March 27, 1933, 
to look into the possibilities of establishing a 
National Rose-Garden in or near Washington 
under the auspices of the American Rose Society 
desire to submit the following report: 

I was appointed as Chairman, with power to 
choose associate members, and directed to report 
at this time. Messrs. B. Y. Morrison and G. A. 
Stevens consented to serve as the other members 
of the Committee. 

We have considered our task as primarily to 
review conditions existing about Washington 
which make it particularly desirable for the So- 
ciety to study carefully at this time the merits of 
such a project and the ways and means of ac- 
complisning it. 



Scope of the Project 

We assume that a National Rose-Garden 
created and maintained by the American Rose 
Society can but refer to one comparable to the 
finest of its kind in the world. It should be 
adequate to present the rose at its best, with full 
illustration of its manifold characters, adapting 
it to various uses in landscape architecture as 
well as the adornment of the home-garden. 

Through this garden the American Rose So- 
ciety should be enabled to do its large share in 
promoting the advancement of rose-culture in 
this country, and indeed throughout the world. 
In doing this the Society can most completely 
justify itself as a National organization and win 
the support of all rose-lovers. It goes without 
saying that it should be prepared to promote re- 
search as regards the rose in many different ways, 
and have adequate financial foundation to carry 
out its projects. 

Current Conditions 

It is with reference to the foundation of such 
a garden that the Committee has paid special 
attention to the current situation in Washington. 



It is clear that for several important reasons the 
present time is a very favorable one in which to 
inaugurate a project like ours. Indeed, some ot 
the opportunities now offering can never be 

repeated. , 

Most important of these conditions is the op- 
portunity to cooperate with the plans of the 
National Park and Planning Commission. The 
well-considered development of parks, parkways, 
and associated boulevards in the District ot 
Columbia and adjacent parts of Maryland and 
Virginia is largely under the control of the 
National Park and Planning Commission. This 
system is largely the fruit of Dr. McFarland s 
labors for years as head of the American Civic 
Association, and is now conducted by his suc- 
cessor, Frederic A. Delano, a devoted public 
servant of broad understanding. Within the 
District of Columbia the Commission has been 
hampered to some extent by governmental con- 
nections which are likely to be improved under 
the reorganization of governmental departments 
and bureaus now being accomphshed. 

In Maryland, the State Commission is now 
well started in acquiring land (through state ap- 
propriations) necessary for parkways, play- 
grounds, boulevards, and connecting high\yays, 
the plans having been approved by the National 
Commission. 

The most notable project in course of develop- 
ment is a direct extension of Rock Creek Park from 
the District of Columbia for several miles north- 
westerly. Studies for similar parkways in other 
valleys tributary to the Potomac within the 
"Metropolitan Area" are now being worked out. 
In Virginia a similar commission is also in existence 
but has thus far not undertaken a special project. 
Beyond the direct work of the Park and Plan- 
ning Commissions is the great project for memor- 
ial boulevards connecting Washington with 
Mount Vernon and Fort Washington on the south 
and up the river to the Great Falls. It is as- 
sumed that these are in general known to the 
Trustees. 

The boulevard to Mount Vernon already com- 
pleted is a most inspiring success, and plans for 
the connected boulevards seem certain of final 
construction within a few years. 

It is surely most fortunate that our Society, 
should it decide to study in detail the feasi- 
bility of a National Rose-Garden, can proceed in 
close touch with the work of these various com- 
missions. If a site is to be chosen, a fortunate en- 
vironment may well be secured through planning 
in association with these other projects. 

The Committee has been in conference with 
the Maryland Commission, and to some extent 
with the Central Office of the National Commis- 
We feel sure that in planning a National 



sion. 



Rose-Garden we can count on the most cordial 
assistance and cooperation wherever practicable. 
There would be keen appreciation of the mutual 
benefits to be derived from early conference. 

In illustration of this attitude, several items 
may be mentioned. On application to Charles W. 
Eliot 2d, in charge of the Central Office of the 
National Park and Planning Commission, for 
suggestions as to tracts of land adjacent to pro- 
posed parkways and boulevards which he deemed 



suitable in some degree for our projected garden, 
a map was furnished indicating eighteen such 
plots of land and their relation to planned de- 
velopment. These plots were situated on all sides 
of Washington, partly adjacent to Mount Vernon 
Boulevard, and one leading to Fort Washington, 
on the Maryland side of the river. Others were 
located on either side of the river above Washing- 
ton, bordering the boulevards leading to the 
Great Falls of the Potomac. Still others were in 
close connection with the extended Rock Creek 
Park in Maryland, and another group was situ- 
ated near the new National Arboretum area. 

These areas present a great variety of features 
attractive in different ways, and all deserve very 
careful examination. The Committee has ex- 
amined but few of these possible sites as yet. 
The map furnished by Mr. Eliot will be avail- 
able, of course, for the use of any permanent com- 
mittee of the Rose Society. 

The Chairman of the Committee secured from 
Mr. Irving Root, Chief Engineer of the Mar v"- 
land Park and Planning Commission, a detailed 
map of the proposed extension of Rock Creek 
Park from the District line as far as Connecti- 
cut Avenue near Kensington, 3 to 4 miles. This 
gave me much valuable information regarding an 
area of particular interest. Mr. Root also |aye 
me informatiom regarding some of the especially 
attractive sites. 

Through a conference with Mr. Delano, Chair- 
man of the National Commission, I learned of 
many plans in process of formulation with inter- 
esting possibilities from the standpoint of our 
project. Through him I was able to confer with 
Professor Hubbard, the noted landscape architect 
and park planner, who is a member of the Nation- 
al Commission recently appointed in succession 
to Frederick Law Olmsted. 

The vicinity of the National Arboretum author- 
ized a few years ago contains several sites de- 
serving particular attention. The Arboretum 
has not as yet acquired all of the land which has 
been condemned for its use, but in company with 
Dr. F. V. Coville, Acting Director of the Arbore- 
tum, I have reviewed the general situation and 
he would be much gratified if one of these sites 
should be considered for the National Rose- 
Garden. 

Purchase of the Land for the Garden 

Whatever site may be selected, the present 
time is a very favorable one for acquiring land 
at prices much below those of a few years ago. 
No doubt, values will rise as depression yields to 
normal economic conditions. It is evident, then, 
that the sooner the Society undertakes the pur- 
chase of the land for a National Rose-Garden, the 
easier it will be to secure the site at moderate 



cost. 



Indeterminate Conditions 



The pending reorganization of Government de- 
partments, with consolidation, transfer, abolition 
or replacement of divers bureaus or independent 
offices, may change the situation as regards the 
possible cooperation of the American Rose So- 
ciety with existing agencies. While these re- 
sults cannot be foretold, it is not impossible that 



12 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



new opportunities for joint planning of American 
Rose Society and Government projects may be 
presented. 

Cooperation Between American Rose Society 
and Other Societies 

Until some definite action has been taken on 
this matter, it has seemed to your Committee 
unwise to seek more than private conterence 
with Rose or Horticultural Societies. Through 
personal discussions it is certain that active sup- 
port and cooperation in the plan under discus- 
sion may be counted on. Through discussion with 
Dr. Kirk and others in attendance at the recent 
Tourney of Roses and Council held by the Roa- 
noke Rose Society, it appeared that when a Mid- 
Atlantic Conference is actually organized one 
of its early undertakings may be to stimulate 
and coordinate interest in a National Rose-Gar- 
den throughout this area. 

Ways and Means 

While beyond the scope of this Committee's 
inquiry, it may be of interest to note that several 
persons of experience have emphasized that it is 
well to strike for high ideals when seeking finan- 
cial backing for new projects. They urge a large, 
well-thought-out plan. 

Following the reading of this report. Dr. Cross 
spoke as follows: "The Committee, in view of 
the conditions which have been presented, wishes 
to urge prompt action by the American Rose 
Society in regard to this matter. It recommends 
that a committee, fully adequate in its member- 
ship to discuss the many different points in- 
volved, should be appointed— a committee, we 
will say, of five with power to add to its number. 
We will consider this matter very carefully in 
the light of all the information we have accumu- 
lated. That is our recommendation." 

Dr. McFarland: "You have heard the report 
of this very remarkable and important project. 
Do I understand. Dr. Cross, that you move the 
appointment of such a committee?" Dr. Cross 
made the motion. Mr. Pennock asked how the 
funds should be raised and Dr. Cross replied 
that it was his thought that the committee should 
consist of either a considerable number of people 
or people representing different problems that 
should arise, and that on their recommenda- 
tions a subcommittee or special committee 
should be appointed. He stated that one of the 
leading men of the National Park and Planning 
Commission had agreed with him that the Ameri- 
can Rose Society could look with much con- 
fidence to wealthy people who are interested in 
rose-culture, a number of whom are interested 
in the American Rose Society, and others who 
have the same interest but are not members. 
He said that a careful survey of persons of great 
wealth who were interested would develop ample 
ground for expecting general support for the 
plans if they were large enough and thoroughly 
practical. 

Mr. Stevens inquired if Dr. Cross would be 
willing to give us some idea of the scope of the 
undertaking. Dr. Cross replied that he had done 
a lot of thinking over this matter in the beginning. 



He estimated that it would be well to consider 
such a scheme as would require 50 acres otlancl 
to begin with, and an endowment of $3U0,UUU to 
$400,000. He had submitted that estimate to 
the gentleman referred to, who, without knowing 
the number of acres Dr. Cross had in mind, had 
urged a minimum of 50 acres. This would care 
for the establishment not only of a displav garden 
illustrating all the ways in which we think the 
public should be thoroughly informed as to how 
the rose is adapted for the highest tvpe of land- 
scape work, but it applies also in the establish- 
ment of everything in the cultural study and 
development of roses. The Rose Society should 
do in that respect everything it can for the pro- 
motion of rose-interest, and should have a gar- 
den which, through research sections, might be 
considered a laboratory where students of the 
rose could come to study. It should have a 
section where all the great problems, even those 
of combatting the enemies of the rose, should find 
such illustration of the best methods as would be 
of use to growers who choose to examine it. He 
continued that at this time in the history of the 
American Rose Society the development of such 
a garden would in itself be a very great step for- 
ward in aiding the cause of rose-growing m this 
country. It would be a center to which those who 
are forming sectional divisions of the Rose So- 
ciety could come, where they could get ideas of 
gardens in this section. It would be an example 
of what rose-gardens should be or might be. 

"For a dozen years," Dr. McFarland stated 
when Dr. Cross finished, "it has been my endeavor 
to secure a dignified, adequate National Rose-Gar- 
den in Washington. There has been a constant 
endeavor to arouse official interest, sometimes 
with hope, sometimes without it. Within the 
last six or eight months, conferences had been 
held and at one time it looked as if something 
might happen. The project is outside Govern- 
ment control as it stands now. It does not depend 
upon an Army officer, or upon the will of any 
one department. It is to be an American Rose- 
Garden, made by the American Rose Society for 
the American rose-people. It is a large order but 
we are accustomed to large orders, and I heartily 
coincide with Dr. Cross statement that if the 
project is big enough and wisely handled it should 
meet with enthusiastic support. But I do not 
believe that we can take any action here upon a 
matter so large as this, but that it should be neces- 
sarily reported through the Society for an O. K. 
before going any farther. I do not believe that 
we can take it up conclusively in the Trustees' 
meeting without extending it to the whole 
Society." . 

Considerable discussion as to the authority 
of the Trustees in this matter followed, ending 
with Mr. Stevens' statement that practically aU 
the business of the American Rose Society is 
ordinarily transacted by the Trustees, and that 
if we simply make a recommendation in this 
matter at the annual meeting it will only add an 
extra loop in the red tape. He urged that if we in- 
tend to do anything about this matter we should 

do it. 

Dr. McFarland stated that he was always 
willing to do away with red tape, and the motion 



to go ahead with the appointment of the com- 
mittee was passed. r r 

Following this discussion, M. H. Horvath, who 
had come m durinc the meeting, oresented the 
invitation of the Cleveland Rose Society asking 
the American Rose Society to corne to Cleve- 
1 md for its annual meeting m 1934. He stated 
that a young Rose Society had just been organ- 
ized here with thirty-five or forty members, and 
that they needed nourishing, help, and encourage- 
ment. He deprecated the Tack of rose interest m 
Cleveland, and especially the scanty showing 
which developed at their Rose Show. He *eit 
that if the American Rose Society would hold its 
annual meeting there it would spur local interest 
and stimulate the rose-people. . 

Dr. Cross informed Mr. Horvath that his in- 
vitation would be put on record, and that if the 
American Rose Society could not go to Cleveland 
next year it would surely come some time. 

Mr. Richardson Wright, who had arrived 
during the meeting, moved ad journment, and Mr. 
Simpson seconded. The meeting was adjourned 
until 9 A.M., June 28. 

Trustees' Meeting, March 27, 1933 

Present: Richardson Wright, Whitman Cross, 
S. S. Pennock,. J. Horace McFarland, Robert 
Simpson, Robert Pyle, J. H. Nicolas, G. A. 
Stevens, and L. B. Coddington. Regrets from Dr. 
Allen T. Kirk, Leonard Barron, and Alexander 

Cumming. ^^ -j 

The meeting was called to order by President 
Wright at 4.30 p.m. in the rooms of the Penn- 
sylvania Horticultural Society in Philadelphia. 

The President was authorized to inform Cor- 
nell University that the balance of the funds 
which this organization had contributed to the 
Rose Disease Research Fund may be expended 
in continuation of the work this season. Motion 
by Mr. Pyle seconded by Dr. McFarland. 

Resignation of Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont, Trustee, 
was accepted with regret. Forrest L. Hieatt was 
unanimously elected to fill her unexpired term. 

The Massachusetts Horticultural Society is ex- 
pected to make some suggestions concerning the 
annual meeting at Boston this year. A two- 
day meeting is considered sufficient, and the in- 
vitation to President Webster's garden was ac- 
cepted as part of the meeting. Details were left 

Advisability of continuing the American Rose 
Magazine was discussed at length. A telegram 
from Leonard Barron, objecting to the Rose 
Magazine scheme, its format, and its style, was 
read. The editor explained that the purpose of 
the Magazine was to bring about frequent con- 
tact with the membership at the same or less ex- 
pense than the previous Quarterly. The Presi- 
dent stated it was a desirable thing to do, if the 
Magazine could be made attractive and interest- 
ing at less or no greater cost. 

Motion was made by Mr. Pyle, and seconded 
by Mr. Nicolas, that the editors proceed with 
the American Rose Magazine, developing it as 
projected. In the discussion Mr. Pyle warmly 
commended the first issue which he believed was 
an admirable attempt to bring together the 



widely scattered interests of different members 
and expressed himself as being in whole-hearted 
sympathy with the venture. He was deeply im- 
pressed with the possibilities for good in the 
Magazine, and felt that it was a great oppor- 
tunity for the Society to be of genuine service 
to its members. The motion was carried without 
further discussion. i • . 

The President reported that upon bein§ ad- 
vised of the death of Dr. Mills, our President 
Emeritus, he had sent a telegram to Mrs. Mills 
and that flowers had been sent on behalf of the 
Society. He asked that the Secretary be instruct- 
ed to prepare a suitable tribute to his memory, 
which should be spread upon the Minutes of 
the Society, and a copy sent to Mrs. Mills. Ap- 
proved upon motion by Mr. Pennock, seconded 

by Mr. Simpson. r^ t u 

The tribute as prepared by Dr. J. Horace 
McFarland, Editor and Past President, follows: 
Dr. Edmund M. Mills loved the rose because 
he loved mankind. He worked with mankind 
and with the rose. As a preacher he was a teacher 
and his teaching always included roses, whether 
in the pulpit, in his work as Secretary of the 
great General Conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, or on his rounds as Dis- 
trict Superintendent. It is known of him that 
on one occasion when, as an administrative of- 
ficer of the great Church he adorned, he was for 
days secluded by a snow blockade, he put in the 
time organizing a rose society in the town from 
which he could not escape. , i i .» 

He was called "the American Dean Hole, 
and there were many points of resemblance be- 
tween two great clergymen both devoted to the 
rose. A bubbling sense of humor, a memory 
stored with apt stories, a smile that was as sincere 
as it was charming, a handshake that was a benefi- 
cence — it is no wonder that throughout his 
long and effective life Dr. Mills did high service 
to the Kingdom of God through the rose as well 
as through his clerical relationships. 

These sentiments are whole-heartedlv en- 
dorsed by the officers and members of the Ameri- 
can Rose Society. ^ ,. • i 

Dr. Cross introduced for discussion the proj- 
ect of a National Rose-Garden near Washington 
controlled and directed by the American Rose 
Society. The Potomac Rose Society had been 
working for some time to secure a satisfactory 
Municipal Rose-Garden in Washington within 
Rock Creek Park. It was discouraged by the con- 
tinuous opposition of Government authorities to 
this plan, and the Society had therefore approved 
a resolution offered by him that the American 
Rose Society be requested to consider the estab- 
lishment of a National Rose-Garden, free from 
Government control, and situated in adjacent 
parts of Maryland or Virginia now included in 
the so-called "Metropolitan Area" about the 

Capital. 

Upon a motion by Dr. McFarland, seconded by 
Mr. Simpson, the president appointed Dr. Cross 
as chairman of a committee of three or five mem- 
bers, to be selected by himself, to look into the 
possibilities of the matter and be prepared to re- 
port fully at the June meeting of the Trustees in 
Boston. 



14 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



Mr. Pyle announced that he had received from 
the Rose Society of Alsace-Lorraine a Gold 
Medal which had been awarded to the rose 
Leonard Barron, and upon his request President 
Wright presented it to J. H. Nicolas, the origi- 
nator of the rose, with an appropriate speech ot 
congratulation. 



The Trustees unanimously requested the Secre- 
tary to express their appreciation and thanks to 
the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society for the 
use of their rooms for this meeting. 
The meeting adjourned at six o'clock. 

G. A. Stevens, 

Secretary 



Trustees' Meeting, Wednesday Morning, June 28, 1933 



Mr. Wright presiding. Present: All of those 
present the preceding evening; also Leonard 
Barron, of the Trustees, and Melvin Wyant and 
Dr. C. E. F. Guterman. Other visitors came in 
during the meeting. 

Mr. Wright asked where the annual meeting 
should be held next year. Mr. Pennock stated 
that the Society had been talking for some time 
about going to the Pacific Coast, and he thought 
that Portland's invitation should be accepted. 
Mr. Wright suggested that a good arrangement 
would be to go to Portland in 1934 and to the 
Middle West in 1935. Mr. Pennock moved that 
the annual meeting go to Portland next year, and 
Mr. Simpson seconded the motion which was 
carried after a brief discussion. Later, the Secre- 
tary sent a telegram from Marblehead to E. V. 
Creed, at the Chateau Frontenac Hotel, Quebec, 
advising him of this action. 

Taking up new business, Mr. Wright presented 
the suggestion for the revision of the scale of 
points for judging roses at amateur flower shows 
and rose shows, the clarification of the rules for 
awarding medals and memberships in local so- 
cieties, particularly with respect to awarding 
memberships to people who are already members, 
and the establishing of a body of duly accredited 
American Rose Society judges. Mr. Stevens 
urged that "No medals and no awards should be 
given by this Society unless the exhibit is judged 
by someone whom we consider competent." He 
recommended the establishment of a body of 
official American Rose Society Judges, the same 
as the Iris Society has done. 

Mr. Wright: "I should think that is a matter 
that should be taken up by a committee." 

Mr. Stevens: "We should have a committee 
that really does something. Too many of our 
committees never function. If a committee is 
appointed, it should be required to report at the 
next meeting of the Executive Committee." 

Mr. Barron moved the appointment of such a 
committee. Dr. Cross seconded it. The motion 
carried. 

Dr. McFarland: "There ought to be a time- 
limit for the report of that committee." 

Mr. Wright: "If the committee is appointed 
this week, could it report at an Executive Com- 
mittee meeting this fall? I will appoint the com- 
mittee in due time." 

Mr. Wright stated that a constitutional amend- 
ment had been proposed to increase the number 
of Trustees, or to form another body called the 
Council, to consist of representatives selected by 
local societies, all of wnom will be expected to 
attend one annual meeting. 

Mr. Stevens stated that the annual meetings 
are becoming more or less social events and 



rather perfunctory aff"airs so far as business is 
concerned. It is becoming increasingly difficult 
to hold the attention of the Trustees while 
another group is gathering. He said: "To hold 
the Trustees* meeting at the same time the annual 
meeting is being held is a mistake. I should 
rather have a group (which say we will call the 
Council) of interested rosarians from all parts 
of the country whom we would call into meeting 
once or twice a year and expect to have a large 
representation present. That would mean either 
expanding the number of Trustees or abandoning 
the present organization except the Executive 
Committee and creating a new body to be called 
the Council which would, to all intents and pur- 
poses, be the working body of the Society." 

Mr. Barron: "I should think the creation of a 
new body would be the more practical way, and 
this larger body would be more representative of 
the local organizations throughout the country." 
Mr. Stevens mentioned that the sectional di- 
vision movement to be discussed later would be 
facilitated by such an arrangement. 

Mr. Barron: "How would that nick into the 
government of the organization as a whole?" 

Mr. Stevens: "The government would con- 
tinue in the hands of the Executive Committee 
between meetings of the Council. The nuniber of 
our Trustees is limited by the constitution to 
nine, and we ran up against this difficulty this 
year. Dr. Cross does not care to continue as 
Vice-President. He is also chairman of a very 
important committee. We want Dr. Cross to 
continue in the administrative body of the 
Society, but we have no place to put him except 
as an Honorary Vice-President." 

Mr. Barron: "Why would it not be practical 
to create an advisory council to meet with the 
Trustees, to be made up of a representative from 
each section, which would give us a wider con- 
tact, very much in the way of the Federated 
Garden Clubs?" 

Dr. McFarland: "It does look as if there is in 
sight, or at least in possibility, a logical readjust- 
ment of the make-up and government of the 
American Rose Society to fit the present condi- 
tions, departing, perhaps, considerably from its 
original constitution, which was frankly only re- 
lated to the commercial florists. I should be glad 
to father any motion that would be desirable in 
order that the matter might be canvassed care- 
fully and reported with a concrete plan within a 
definite time. We certainly could arrange with 
capable study by a selected group to set up under 
the name of the American Rose Society a better 
form of organization which would deal with the 
larger projects in which we are now so much 
interested. What I am speaking toward is wholly 



in the thought that there could be worked out a 
plan involving rather radical changes without 
destroying anyone's individuality, but would 
still set further on the real present spirit of the 
Society." 

Mr. Wright asked whether it was within the 
power of the Trustees to enact a constitutional 
amendment to form another body called the 
Council. Dr. McFarland replied that it was en- 
tirely within their power. 

Mr. Stevens: "I move that the matter be re- 
ferred to the Executive Committee for action, 
and that the Executive Committee be asked to 
take into consideration the opinion of other 
people whom we might invite." 

Dr. McFarland: "I second Mr. Stevens* motion 
to this efl'ect." Mr. Wright in restating the motion 
added that the whole subject should be brought 
up for adoption or otherwise at the annual meet- 
ing in 1935 with instructions to discuss it very 
fully. Dr. McFarland stated that it ought to be 
done within three months and reported at an 
October meeting. Motion carried. 



The formation of a committee to study the roses 
now in commerce and new types which are to 
come into commerce, to simplify their classi- 
fication if possible, was discussed. 

Mr. Barron: "I think that is one of the most 
constructive phases of work that could be done. 
Even if the decisions of the Committee were arbi- 
trary, its ruling would be better than the fog we 
are in today. Standardizing the classification 
would remove a lot of trouble, particularly in 
amateur classes at shows.** 

(Somebody) : "We could have a committee on 
rose definition which could do like these other 
committees we are erecting — prepare to re- 
port to a later meeting of the Executive Com- 
mittee and get the backing of the Society for 
this definity of action.'* 

Mr. Wright: "I should like very much to ap- 
point a committee and have them work this 
summer and have something to show the Ex- 
ecutive Committee in a meeting in October." 

No motion was made. 



Mr. Stevens brought up the proposition to 
form a committee to test old and new roses for 
hardiness only, involving sending only those 
plants which are believed to be truly hardy to ex- 
posed northern stations for rigid tests. He said 
in part: "I presume I get more letters and more 
inquiries and more complaints about hardiness 
from the territory north of the Ohio and Mis- 
souri rivers and west of the Alleghanies than from 
any other section of the country. None of the 
roses which are perfectly hardy without pro- 
tection in New England, for example, are hardy 
in a definite sense in that district. The hardy 
climbers will freeze to the ground. Roses which 
we ordinarily claim are hardy are not abso- 
lutely so, andf not only the everbloomers. Hybrid 
Pcrpetuals and the so-called Hardy Climbers, 
if they do not die, are so damaged that their 
btoom is negligible if they are not elaborately and 
expensively protected. But in most of this ter- 



ritory the summers are relatively short. A rose 
whicn will bloom for three to four weeks in mid- 
summer will answer most of the purposes for the 
gardener in that country because the summers 
are so short. Let us find out what roses are hardy, 
not just what somebody thinks are hardy. My 
idea was that we would select a few gardens where 
the people were willing to test roses m that north- 
ern territory, and then as it occurred to members 
of this committee that such and such a rose might 
be hardy, several bushes could be sent up there 
and be grown two or three winters before a report 
was made. I suggest that perhaps a half-dozen 
people who are interested in finding out about this 
thing be appointed to select roses from their own 
gardens ana send them to such testing-grounds.** 

Mr. Wright: "I wonder if it is a matter that 
need be referred to a committee? It might be that 
you could arrange with one or two people who 
would be willing to test out roses and report in 
the Rose Magazine, stating what roses could be 
trusted for their hardiness.*' 

Mr. Stevens: "I should think we ought to pre- 
select the roses that are to go there, sending only 
those which we are reasonably sure are going to 
be hardy.** 

Mr. Nicolas suggested extending the scope of 
the committee to cover also the new types and 
the qualities of certain varieties not only for 
hardiness but also for suitability. "Not limit- 
ing to hardiness only, but have the committee eni- 
powered to make arrangements with the public 
or private gardens that would give full security 
to the originators where their originations could 
be sent for testing.** 

Dr. McFarland: "I think it would be a very 
interesting pursuit because surprises are due 
in all cases." 

Mr. Barron: "I wonder if you could not get 
the various state experiment stations to work 
with you." 

Mr. Wright to Mr. Stevens: "Would it be 
sufficient for you to represent a hard-boiled 
committee?" 

Mr. Stevens: "It would if I had time to do it.'* 

Mr. Wright: "Would you want a person ap- 
pointed who perhaps lived in the colder part of 
Minnesota?** 

Dr. McFarland moved that investigations 
as to hardiness in extreme regions be carried on 
by the Secretary. Seconded by Mr. Barron. 
Passed. 



The matter of sectional organizations was pre- 
sented by Mr. Stevens who read a letter from 
Mrs. Haily Bradley Hampton and asked "How 
far do we want to go in encouraging these sectional 
divisions? Do we want to continue to encourage 
indefinitely the Affiliated and Sustaining Mem- 
ber clubs which will absorb more and more of our 
membership into them year after year, for with 
them goes a large part of our revenue. They may 
increase our total membership, but unless we can 
get our expenses down to less than $2.50 a year 
per member, every one of the members in such 
organizations is a loss of $1.14 to us.*' 

Mr. Barron stated that in the case of the 
National Rose Society the local society sends 



16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



its dues in to the parent organization and gets 
from it certain concrete things hke medals to 
award at local shows, but it does not get the pub- 
lications. He suggested that in this case the niem- 
bers of the local societies should have the Kose 
Magazine but not the Annual. 

Mr. Wright: "After some discussion, the matter 
is coming down to this point— that the pohcy o 
this Society should be that members of sectional 
organizations would receive the American Rose 
Magazine but not the Annual." 

Dr. McFarland: "That would be a very good 
differentiation, and it might lead some people to 
come in as full-fledged members." 

Dr Kirk, who has been interested in organiz- 
ing a mid-Atlantic section of the Society, spoke 
somewhat as follows: "I have been behind this 
attempted organization of the Atlantic section. 
It seems to me that as we now stand the American 
Rose Society has about reached its limit. 1 he 
trouble is that no matter where you hold your 
meeting, it is too far away for the majority ot 
people to get to the meetings. They won t get 
the inspiration. Besides, most of the American 
Rose Society's meetings are business meetings. 
It seems to me that in order to overcome that 
it is necessary to get the people who have similar 
climate and similar conditions together within 
the American Rose Society." 

After more discussion, Mr. Wright said: 1 
think we have got to have representative organi- 
zations in various sections, but not allow the 
central government to lose touch at any moment 
with the most distant point. I hope the day ^s 
coming when we can have a Secretary so salaried 
that he can appear at these various places. 

Dr. McFarland: "I feel, Mr. President, that 
there has been brought up more items this morn- 
ing of constructive thought for the prosperity 
of the rose in America than we have handled in 
any previous years, and we cannot expect to 
clean them up, but we are all thinking about them 
and if we can begin thinking toward action we 
have accomplished a great deal." No action was 
taken. 

Mr. Stevens read a letter from the Society 
of American Florists in regard to the proposed 
repeal of the U. S. Plant Patent Act and stated 
that the Plant Patent Act is meeting with 
criticism in various quarters, particularly in 
Texas, which is one of our most important rose 
sections. He asked for instructions from the 
Trustees as to how he should respond to letters 
which come from people in Texas asking the 
Society's opinion about the Plant Patent Act. 

Dr. McFarland: "I move that the Secretary 
be authorized to respond to these inquiries by 
suggesting that the American Rose Society would 
be glad to cooperate in a study of a modification 
of the Plant Patent Act which, without removing 
the protection for mental property, will not put 
a rose on a parity with that heating apparatus 
over there. It happens that I have been in com- 
munication with tne actuating force in Texas, and 
I have reason to believe that the congressman who 
introduced the bill (which did not pass but will 
be reintroduced in the next Congress) can be 



worked with. We want the patenting of plants 
as things that grow, rather than as things that 

have been made." , , t- i j ^^*.^a 

After some discussion Dr. McFarland restated 
his motion to the effect that the Society will be 
very glad to investigate this matter and to co- 
operate with other organizations, but is not in a 
position to express an opinion on the subject. 
Seconded by Mr. Nicolas. Motion carried. 



Reorganization and increase in the scope of 
the present Prize Committee was next discussed. 
Mr. Stevens: "If this Prize Committee, ot 
which I am chairman, is also empowered to act 
as a testing committee, I think it should be 
given the power to handle such rnatters as test- 
gardens and individual testing of roses. It vou 
will allow the Prize Committee to go on with that, 
allow it to enlarge itself a little bit, it will re- 
lieve the Secretary of doing the work of the Prize 
Committee, and, I think, may help. 

Dr. Kirk made a motion to that effect, beconded 
by Mr. Barron. Carried. . . 

Mr. Stevens presented a communication trom 
the Jackson & Perkins Company proposing the 
use of a circular advertising the American Rose 
Society, also giving planting instructions, to be 
placed in the packaged roses sent out by them. 
The suggestion had previously been presented to 
the Executive Committee by letter and had been 
turned down. Dr. McFarland suggested that a 
less drastic arrangement might be effected, stat- 
ing that the matter involved was to the interest 
of the Jackson & Perkins Company because they 
would sell more roses through their subsidiaries. 
"I believe that that is really a strong desire on 
their part to be helpful to this organization. It 
is important, in fact it is essential, that in the^ 
packaged roses planting directions be inserted. 
That fs a function which I think thev ought to 
take care of themselves. If there could be sorne 
sort of compromise whereby at the cost of the 
mere announcement or suggestion of member- 
ship in the American Rose Society, such as is 
used by the English tradesmen at no cost to the 
National Rose Society, I should want to favor 
the proposition." » r j u 

He moved that this matter be referred to the 
Secretary, with power to make negotiations in 
cases of this kind. Mr. Pennock seconded this 
motion. Carried. 



Note: The report of the Trustees' 
Meeting and the Annual Meeting 
will he completed in the Septemher- 
Octoher issue which will also in- 
clude accounts oj local and sectional 
meetings regrettably crowded out of 
this issue. — Editor. 



HE AMERICAN 
OSE MAGAZINE 

.UBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY, HARRISBURG, PENNA. 

Edited by J. HORACE McFARLAND and G. A. STEVENS 



EPTEMBER-OCTOBER. 1933 



1.50 A YEAR; 25 CTS. A COPY 



The 1(ose Across ^merica^ 

IT IS obvious to us in the "home office" of the American Rose Society that our 
members like the frequency of contact possible through this fledgling periodical. 
They are "getting the habit" of sending in rose news. 

It is also obvious that neither the presumably checked depression nor the ambitious 
"NRA" antidote has interfered with the nation-wide sweep ot rose-interest, or 
with the development of that interest into community rose relationships. Hoses are 
as personal as ever, but we are coming to know that personal enjoyment is enhanced 
as we endeavor to share it with our neighbors. 

So this issue crosses the continent in its scope of rose-attention. It does not go as 
far as other issues will in stressing the social side of the rose through municipal rose- 
gardens, though the idea presented in Mrs. Klaber's story of the Ravinia rose-garden 
quite nearly central to America in its population relation, shows it is a garden with 
an idea, and all good gardens of roses or of pumpkins must rest on a controlling idea. 

Our President is an editor, and if he were at the desk of this editor as these words 
are being written, he would urge our members to use the Magazine with interest and 
vigor, not alone to read, but to get into by inquiries, suggestions, experiences. 

For the Secretary, the senior editor adds the membership urge. Whatever be the 
success of the NRA movement, it must rest on increased expenditure by the indi- 
vidual. The American Rose Society makes the rose dollar more efl^ective in purchasing 
power, and more members to use this eff'ectiveness are most desirable. Ask the Secretary 
for the fall membership plans— they are interesting. 

But keep the rose going in America! There ought to be a billion more roses in bloom 
this 1933 autumn, to brighten and sweeten the recovery plans and progress. 






m,j> 



Sit'' _ 



1;''!' 
■> \M 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 

ayid G. A. Stevens 

Published bi-montbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 



SuhscriDtion price: To .ncnibcrs of the American Rose 
Socrc'ryrcts/a year 15 cts. a copy, .b^cb amount ^s 
included in tbe annual dues oj *?•?«• 

burg. Pa., und er the act of March 3, \H/^. 

Volume l.No.4 1935 September October 



THIS issue of the American Rose 
Magazine is really a continuation 
of the July-August number. It is 
regrettable that so many of the interesting 
events of the rose world cannot be chroni- 
cled at length for the benefit ot our 
members, but it seems to the Editors that 
a full report of the annual meeting ot the 
Trustees and the Society, as well as the 
events in the several Regional Conler- 
ences, should take precedence. 

For the first time, the complete set ot 
statistical reports is made available to the 
membership. The Secretary urges the 
members to study them carefully, partic- 
ularly the membership report. Every- 
thing possible is being done to reduce the 
expense of operating the Society, but it 
its work is to continue without curtail- 
ment the income must be maintained and 
enlarged. This can be done only by an 
increased membership. 

It is also important that the meml^ers 
study the discussions which led to the 
appointment of several new committees 
at the Boston meeting, and it is urged 
that suggestions be sent to the Chairmen 
of the various committees for considera- 
tion and action. It is hoped that a large 
part of the work, and even the govern- 
ment of the Society, will be assumed by 
the^e committees in the future, and as 
such they will have practically executive 

powers. 

As we go to press comes an announce- 
ment of the first autumn rose show, to be 
held bv the Potomac Rose Society in the 
Exhibition Hall of the new National 
Museum at Washington, on October 13. 
The Committee advises that exhibits are 



invited from Washington members and 
gardens in near-by Maryland and Virginia. 
Members will rejoice in learning that 
the illness of Dr. S. S. Sulliger, recently 
elected Vice-President of the Society, has 
not resulted so seriously as the first 
alarming reports indicated. We are in- 
formed that he is now^ on the way to 
complete recovery. 

A note from Mrs. Harriett Risley Foote 
expresses appreciation of the visit ot the 
American Rose Society to her garden, 
reported in the last issue of the Maga- 
zine. She writes: 

Many rose petals have fallen in our 
garden since we had the pleasure of 
welcoming the American Rose Society 
here. I have wanted to tell our Presi- 
dent and the Society how much the day 
meant to me, and my great apprecia- 
tion of the honor bestowed on me in the 
presentation of the Gold Medal and the 
words of the ascription so graciously 
given by our President. I wish to put 
on record my warmest thanks and 
pleasure on the occasion of a visit of the 
American Rose Society. With warmest 
greetings.— Harriett Risley Foote. 
The Editor's files are full of new^spaper 
clippings and letters telling of rose events 
all over the country, which lack of space 
forbids printing in full. We learn from 
them that early in the season the courtesy 
gardens, maintained by Mrs. Ireland 
Hampton of Fort Worth, Texas, were 
opened by a silver tea, the proceeds of 
which were used for the benefit of the 
spring rose show of the Tarrant County 
Rose Society. An undated clipping men- 
tions the awards in the Annual Rose 
Show of the Chattanooga Rose Society. 
Numerous clippings and letters describe 
the interesting events at the exhibit ot the 
Druid Hills Garden Club in Atlanta last 
May, which is only briefly mentioned 
among the events in Georgia. Letters and 
clippings tVom Binghamton, N. Y., from 
Caldwell, Idaho, and from numerous Euro- 
pean papers tell of rose interest in other 

localities. 

The Secretary particularly urges the 
members to study the report of the Com- 
mittee on the National Rose-Garden 
printed in the July-August Magazine, and 
send in criticisms, suggestions, and advice 
which may be helpful in furthering the 
work of that Committee. 



Shade and Roses 

By CLARENCE G. WHITE 

An address delivered before the Southern Division of the Regional Rose Conference of 
the American Rose Society at Redlands, California, April 22, 1933—tditor. 



WHAT I have to say on my subject 
is a matter of less than five 
minutes; by going at it round- 
at^outly, it takes ten; clearly then, if I 
am to use even half of the job's allotment 
of time, which is thirty minutes, I shall 
have to deal with other matters. 

I have had eleven years of successful 
potato-growing in Florida; another eleven 
of accomplishment with pineapples in 
Hawaii; and for the last fourteen, I have 
given serious attention to growing a va- 
riety of stuff, here in Redlands; a total of 
forty-six years of close association with 
plants, out of sixty-four. 

If with this background, I could come 
to you and say that "this and the other" 
are all indubitably true, I might even 
have volunteered to do so — who knows? 
But the distressing truth is: I have never, 
by word or pen, put my experiences be- 
fore the public, that I did not come to 
regret many of the pronouncements made. 

The trial and error system is mostly 
errors and trials; it is only in the back- 
ward view that we recognize in insecurity, 
the very substance of adventure, which is 
often more exciting than accomplishment. 

But we wish that Nature would make 
her decisions more quickly known; it 
would help to save our faces. 

Take the matter of plant-feeding. 

For five years I had been reasonably 
certain of the value of using a compara- 
tively odorless commercial fertilizer in 
conjunction with German peat, without 
natural manures of any kind. There have 
been no smells on my clothing to afflict 
the family; no plague of flies in the house; 
no introduced plant-diseases, bugs, and 
weeds — all of which manures carry in 
abundance. It seemed to be a wonderful 
practice. 

For everything except cauliflower the 
results are still all that could be desired. 
l>ut there, f^or the past two years, I have 
mown only two and three pounders, when 
loinierly I used to top the scales with 
ten and twelv^e. 



I remember that the great Peter Hen- 
derson, old and experienced in gardening 
when I was young, stressed the point 
that change in manuring every year was 
preferable to continued use of any one 
sort, no matter how excellent. 

In the application of fertilizers, nothing 
has gone wrong as yet with putting com- 
mercials directly into the root zone of 
rose bushes, by means of a steel prod. 
Holes are made eight inches deep and a 
foot apart under the outside drip of the 

leaves. 

Four handfuls of fertilizer for each 
good-sized bush are dropped into these 
holes monthly, from August until Novern- 
ber, and from February until April, 
inclusive. 

This has been done for three years, 
except that last fall I omitted November 
along with the usual December and 
January, because the cold of the preced- 
ing winter had nipped the tender, late- 
stimulated growth. But at pruning time 
in January, the omission seemed a mis- 
take; there w^ere poorer eyes to prune to. 

Fertilization in the root zone is done 
by tree-specialists in treating sick trees. 
The practice, therefore, is based on larger 
experience than mine. 

A rose will live with surprisingly little 
feeding or watering; it is quite hardy that 
way, but that is not the way to get 
results and when overfed, the blooms 
quickly show irregularities in shape. 

I am still in the happy condition of 
faith regarding the use of partial artificial 
shade for roses, and, indeed, for all vege- 
table growth at Redlands, even those 
plants declared to be sun-lovers. It was 
tough on enthusiasm to see blooms that 
one had struggled months long to produce, 
lose beyond recovery, color and beauty 
and strength, under a short spell of over- 
hot sun. 

It was unendurable, unless beyond 
human ingenuity to prevent. The solu- 
tion is partial shade — so far as it can be 
ascertained at present. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



The suggestion came from visitmg the 
lath-houses at the Coolidge nurseries; the 
conditions under them were very impres- 
sive, p 

About the end of the first year ot my 
own slat experiment, Dr. McFarland, who 
is doing more to spread the rose-gospc 
than any other American, advocated 

shade for roses. 

His recommendation and my own suc- 
cess were encouragement enough, so now 
there is perhaps an acre and a half of sun- 
protection at Whitehill. 

The Doctor preaches natural shade, 
and that is all right; but he has a fight on 
his hands with roots that do not belong 

to roses. 

Some trees are less harmful than others 
in this respect. Mr. Berry finds the roots 
of the coast redwood do no damage, where 
they are well watered. Root-pruned 
acacias have not bothered me as yet. 
There was a long windbreak of Tamarix 
articulata along one side of my patch. 
Every year the roots were deeply trench- 
cut, but the effect of those trees was so 
deadly even sixty feet out that the whole 
row was massacred last fall. Likewise, a 
California laurel alongside the roses got 
the ax, for the same reason. This tree 
had not been root-pruned. 

The response of all plants to a degree 
of artificial shade has been more generous 
than just a matter of bloom saving. The 
water requirements have been cut in 
half, to say nothing of the advantage of 
shade while watering. Besides the con- 
servation of bloom and vigor and the 
transpiration of water, there is also a 
moderation of the extremes of heat and 
cold. There is less frost; and better re- 
covery when it does penetrate. 

My shade construction has been done 
with no thought for landscaping. The 
end sought was effectiveness with econ- 
omy. Mr. Walter Merrill is reported to 
have said, after a pilgrimage to my place, 
that I was blind to garden arrangement, 
but my plot looked as if I had a grand 
time with it. He explained to me that a 
bamboo structure, much more orna- 
mental, could be produced for about the 
same cost as my plain wooden one, and 
I believe he has installed one on his own 
place. 



I use about one-fourth to one-third 
shade. Seven-feet clearance underneath 
is enough, but nine feet is better for a 

sprinkler. . t ^ t 

The only particular caution that i 
think of, is to so design the structure that 
the most drip from rain does not fall on 
the choicest plants. 

No more mildew occurs inside than out. 
Recently there has been more outside. 
Mildew is fought with dusting sulphur 
when the weather is warm enough to 
make sulphur effective. At other times 
when the foliage needs to be kept un- 
stained, Fungtrogen is used. This used 
to be very effective, but recently much 
less so; indeed, the fight to keep roses un- 
mildewed and unstained for this present 
occasion has been nearly a defeat. When 
clean leaves are not essential, good old 
Bordeaux, with plenty of glue, beats 
them all, and with less than half the 
applications. Lice on roses are getting 
the same sort of resistance to Black-leaf 
40 that the orange-tree pests get to the 
continued use of any treatment. Some- 
thing more potent will have to be found. 
But come back to the shade. An easy 
way to get it, that makes a better-looking 
picture than my slats, is to build rows of 
high "T" trellises for climbing roses, and 
to put bush roses in between the trellises. 
Mermaid in particular is a grand rose for 
such a trellis. 

This plan will not give quite such good 
results, generally, as filtered sunlight will, 
but it is far superior to an open exposure 
for bush roses at Redlands. 

Mr. Merrill is fond of the phrase 
"filtered sunlight" in connection with 
shade structures in the garden beautiful. 
Within the week, Mr. Merrill wrote: 
**My roses are beginning to bloom now, 
and I have had some stunning flowers — 
the best I have ever grown. I am more 
and more convinced that shade is of great 
benefit." 

And this at Point Loma, right on the 
coast with its fogs! 

There is no real reason w hy shade con- 
struction such as pergolas, trellises, ar- 
bors, and pleached alleys, should not be 
the peers in beauty of all the whatnots of 
the formal garden — the statues, figures, 
vases, seats, balustrades, steps, walks. 



sundials, mirror globes, pools, fountains, 
ferned grots, and mosaiced walls in- 
cluded. Indeed, with an ornamental 
aerial Skinner-system, liquid sunshine (an 
Hawaiian attraction) can be added to 
filtered sunlight. 

Speaking of w^ater, I recently had the 
privilege of hobnobbing of a morning 
with Mr. Armacost of Sawtelle, and two 
other very successful rose-growers. In 
consequence, after listening to their con- 
versation, I came home and turned on 
the water-cocks. 

A rose likes plenty of drink — more 
than enough— so they all agreed. 

It is never too late to test a new idea 
or follow a new lead. 

After all these words, there is no need 
to confess to you that in the eyes of those 
steeped in garden literature, I am not a 
gardener, but am a nurseryman. 

To me, a plant or flower that I like is 
all suflficient in itself; it is not just a means 
to an end — the color on the palette (so to 
speak) with which to paint a landscape 
picture. This point is fully stressed by 
many, many writers. 

There is a worthy dame (but a despi- 
cable nurseryman) who, told that a certain 
shrub was suffering from too much sun, 
responded: *'I put that bush there be- 
cause I wanted that particular color in 
that particular spot; and there it is going 
to remain." 

Maybe the reading of too many garden 
books had bedevilled her. 

In dealing with matters of inexperience, 
many of us are too prone to take the dic- 
tum of some publishment as the voice of 
God. 

For instance, I have read many times 
that sweet alyssum was a good ground- 
cover for bulbs. Finally I tried it for 
myself. Most of the tulips failed to come 
up through it. Investigation showed 
deep, strong, tough alyssum roots, enough 
to choke anything. Maybe I sowed too 
thickly, but that type of root does not 
associate on good terms with a tulip. 

Those who come to my place can judge 
for themselves whether I have gone too 
far away from the garden beautiful. I 
certainly feel no inferiority complex when 
about with the accredited garden bunch. 
They are human, too. 



There is no degradation in waiting 
assiduously on the whims of my Lady 
Rose, or my Lord Iris, in hopes of a good 
straight tip— keeping the goblet filled; 
and do they like the chemical roast beef 
and the peat cabbage? Would a mulch 
salad please? Is the lime sweet pickle pre- 
ferred? Or a more sour condiment, such 
as sulphate of aluminum? And how about 
a nitrate of soda pick-me-up? Or a Stimu- 
plant sundae? 

Mirrored in my own self-respect is the 
feeling that any joy that comes from con- 
tact with growing plant-things is a garden 

thrill. 

Even a nurseryman lives and moves 
into an ever-widening horizon of interest. 

If he goes into plant-breeding besides 
being a conservator, he is also a creator 

of beauty. 

Some years ago, Mr. John Wister gave 
us an illustrated lecture on European 
gardens. Among the pictures was a 
scraggy rose, growing in the narrow con- 
fines between a cobble-paved alleyway 
and a bare stone stoop. Only a poor rose 
bush in an environment of hard brutality, 
yet deemed worthy of being shown, and 
worthy of gardening respect. Perhaps co- 
equal with your garden and my nursery 
as a refuge— an escape from things that 
must be forgotten at times, if the spirit 
of man is to prosper. 

If I remember correctly, this picture 
was French and according to the "House 
and Garden" magazine there is a Gallic 
adage that goes this way: "By the time 
a man reaches forty, he is either a drunk- 
ard or a gardener." 

Choice enough, what? 

All garden dirt quits at the skin's 
surface, and a little soap and water will 
remove it. 

In the garden there is none of the smut 
and vulgarity found in today's rnovies 
and dramatics nor the indecencies of 
present-time novels; nor is there hopeless 
talk of the ills that afflict the body social 
and political. * 

Last fall, I went north to Berkeley by 
automobile. Absolutely the only cheerful 
words I heard during the whole trip came 
from those gardening people with whom 
I talked. 

I am for them. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



The Ravinia Rose -Garden 



By MRS. DORETTA KLABER 



ON page 54 of the American Rose 
Annual for 1925, Dr. L. H. Ballev 
makes a plea for the Ideal Rose- 
Garclen. In It he says, "I would colonize 
with a liberal hand the native roses of 
many countries, together with such old 
self-perpetuating garden races as would 
be at home in these associations." He 
speaks of the "joys of roses that are really 
at home." At the foot of this appeal the 
Editor asks "Who will follow his lead?" 

Here in Highland Park, Ills., we have 
made a small beginning in this direction. 
Roses are not supposed to do well here, 
and it is true that Hybrid Teas need 
careful protection if they are to survive 
our winters. In the hope that we could 
prove that many lovely roses will grow 
here without any protection, in 1930 the 
Ravinia Garden Club conceived the idea 
of starting a Municipal Rose-Garden. It 
is a small Club of about thirty active 
members, and they had just one hundred 
dollars in the treasury when they started. 
They first secured the approval of the 
Mayor and most of the civic organiza- 
tions, and then persuaded the Park 
Board to provide a piece of land for the 
experiment. This property is about one- 
quarter acre in extent, sloping slightly 
towards the west. To the north is a 
pleasant oak woods, to the east the rail- 
road tracks; an empty lot bounds the 
west side, while the south and entrance 
side is bounded by a through street. The 
Park Board also consented to supply 
labor for planting and upkeep, the Garden 
Club to furnish the needed black soil, 
manure, and roses. Each year since then, 
the Garden Club has held a Garden Fair 
to raise the necessary money, which each 
year has been more difficult to secure. 
However, they have this spring finished 
planting the available space. Wide grass 
paths have been left between beds and bor- 
ders, both to allow easy access by visitors, 
and to permit the roses to grow freely. 
In the fall of 1930 the ground was 
deeply spaded, and a quantity of black 
soil and manure mixed with the very 
stiff native clay. The first planting was 
done in the spring of 1931. The Park 



Board employee cultivates and waters 
when he has time, the Garden Club mem- 
bers prune the dead wood in the spring, 
and except for severe pruning at planting 
time, that is all the attention the Garden 
has had. Very few of the roses have died, 
and these were "happen-so's," as the 
same varieties replanted have taken hold 
and done well. A screen planting of 
native crabs, thorns, and plums was 
planted east and west, as members of the 
rose family seemed appropriate for that 
purpose, and their blossoms add to the 
early garden when only the Hugonis 
roses are in bloom. 

Following is a list of the roses that 
have been planted and are doing well. 
Dozens more could be added if the space 
were available. 



Rugosa 
Kugosa alba 
Rugosa alba repens 
Dr. E. M. Mills 
Red Grootendorst 
Pink Grootendorst 
Agnes — 

One of the favorites 
Mme. Georges Bruant 
Amy Robsart 
Mme. Julien Potin 
New Century 
Schneelicht 
Breeze Hill 

Mrs. Anthony Waterer 
Amelie Gravereaux 
Parfum de I'Hay 
Sarah Van Fleet 



Rubrifolia 

Wichuraiana 

Multiflora 

Multiflora cathayensis 

Seven Sisters 

Xanthina 

Setigera 

Blanda 

Willmottise 

Queen of the Prairies 

Acicularis 

Pisocarpa 

Arvensis 

Damascena 

Centifolia 

Gallica 

Pomifera 

Hugonis 



Blanc Double de Coubert Nur Mahal 

Max Graf Prosperity 

Benedikt Roezl Gruss an Tepiitz 

Spinosissima altaica Clytemnestra 

Austrian Copper Daybreak 

Stanwell Perpetual Francesca 

Harison's Yellow York and Lancaster 

Birdie Blye Dorothy Perkms 

Anne of Geierstein Excelsa ,. _ 

Lord Penzance Mme. Carohne 1 estout 
Lady Penzance —Not domg so well 

Rubiginosa Crested Moss 

One very large border is devoted to 
Rugosas and their hybrids, another large 
section is planted with the wild species of 
this and other countries. Sweetbriars and 
their hybrids, as well as Scotch briars, 
are represented; Hugonis roses hedge the 
garden on the street side, while Michigan 
roses clamber over the wire fence next to 
the railroad. Many of the old-fashioned 
roses are represented: York and Lan- 
caster, Moss roses, Centifolia, Damask 



and Gallica. Two of the climbers, 
Dorothy Perkins and Excelsa, are grown 
lying on the ground, and thrive remark- 
ably well. Dorothy Perkins will be hardy 
here for several seasons, and then a diffi- 
cult winter such as the past one will kill all 
canes back to the ground. This happened 



to most of the Dorothy Perkins m the 
neighborhood, but those at the Rose- 
Garden are a mass of bloom at the present 
writing. Breeze Hill has also been grown 
in this manner, and its delicious blooms 
fairly cover the stout canes which sprawl 
over the ground. 



As to Rose Shows 

By PAUL B. SANDERS 



MISS Grace Tabor and Mr. P. H. 
Mitchell stirred up old memories 
and previously half-submerged 
ideas through their thought-provoking 
contributions to the 1933 American Rose 
Annual, and I am thinking principally ol 
the many unfortunate errors made by 
exhibitors at the various rose shows I 
have been happy to assist with as judge. 
It is safe to say that in Ontario alone— 
not considering Canada as a whole — 
there are staged annually at least forty 
rose shows, as well, of course, as many 
others at which the rose is featured. 

Possibly the most unusual of these is 
held in the little town of Paris— a regular 
rose-lover's paradise — where classes are 
arranged according to variety, and not, 
as usual, according to type or color. 
Here, for instance, we find a separate 
class for Mrs. Henry Morse, for Dame 
Edith Helen, for Etoile de Hollande, and 
so on, until more than 120 varieties are 
accommodated! "Believe you me," the 
judge must know his varieties, for cer- 
tainly the exhibitors in Paris do. 

Then there is the rose show held under 
the auspices of the Welland Horticultural 
Society, where that genial giant among 
rose-growers. Col. H. A. Rose, "helps 
out" bv exhibiting hundreds of blooms 
labeled "not for competition. 

In Stratford, a divisional point on the 
Canadian National Railw^ay, the em- 
j)loyees of this great concern stage a most 
remarkable rose show at the "shops." 
Competition here is keener than at any 
rose show I have judged, and these con- 
ductors, engineers, inspectors, firemen, 
and brakemen strive mightily, albeit 
smilingly, to win the handsome trophies 
wisely donated by "higher-ups" in the 
same employ. Adequate description of 



what these busy men do in their spare 
time is given through this fact: Three 
classes call for the staging of twenty-four 
or more distinct varieties! 

Then, too, of course, we have the very 
large exhibition staged under the direc- 
tion of the Rose Society of Ontario, that 
show at which thousands of blooms are 
displayed, and which was visited last 
year by so many of the members of the 
American Rose Society. This year again, 
the Annual Summer Exhibition in Toronto 
equalled any of its predecessors. 

What does all this mean? Where does 
it lead? Why do otherwise apparently 
sane men and women rise at unearthly 
hours — when they don't have to — to 
cut, store, and later exhibit roses? The 
answer is simple: They enjoy it. With- 
out question, and also without slang, it 
is a thrilling experience to win a prize for 
something you have produced yourself; 
and the keener the competition, the 
greater the satisfaction. The same urge 
which prompts us to talk of the doings of 
our children, of the accomplishments of 
our car, of the achievements of citizens 
of our town, of the deeds of our country — 
in other words, the pride of accornplish- 
ment plus the satisfaction of a difficult 
task successfully completed are directly 
responsible for such actions. But I defy 
mere words to describe cause and effect; 
experience alone will explain them. 

To the beginner, I would say: Consult 
your prize list carefully, to be sure you 
have filled all requirements; take your 
time; be sure of correct count in all 
entries; be patient; refrain from criticism 
of the placing until you know the judge's 
reasons; and don't go home from a rose 
show with the thought, "I could have 
won if I had shown." 



8 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 
Trustees* Meeting, June 28, 1933 

Continued from Last Issue 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Dr. C. E. F. Gutcrman, associate of Dr. 
Massey in his work of controlling rose diseases 
addressed the meeting on certam fmdmgs and 
reports of Dr. Massey. 

••I should like to point out at the outset th<»t 
what we would like to do would be to provide 
some service to the small home-owner m subur- 
ban districts. It goes without saymg that one 
of the big problems in connection with rose- 
growing and the enjoyment of roses is that ot 
diseases and insect pests. We know considerable 
about growing roses. We have a large number ot 
satisfactory varieties; of course, there is room lor 
more. The disease problem and the insect prob- 
lem cause a lot of grief to people who enjoy roses. 
For a period of four years this Society has sup- 
ported a fellowship in which we have conducted 
at Cornell a large number of experiments on the 
diseases and pests of roses. We have accumu- 
lated a large mass of data which has given us 
considerable information in regard to the best 



methods of controlling these diseases and pests. 
The fungi are more difficult to control. 

"It would be very much worth while lor the 
Society to back an educational campaign 
among its membership which would cover the 
control of these diseases. How could this be 
handled? If the Society would back this pro- 
gramme, Dr. Massey would be willing to supply 
the information. He would be willing to assume 
the responsibility for all the information so sent 
out; to publish next year, in the Annual, a good 
article dealing with the control of rose diseases 
in general, phrased in language that the lay- 
man could understand, and follow it up in the 
Magazine with supplementary articles which 
would point out from time to time the best 

^^M^r Wright: "This matter will be referred to 
the Editor and the Secretary and will be con- 
sidered by them." 

Adjourned at 11 o'clock. 



Annual Meeting of the American Rose 
Society, June 28, 1933, Boston 



Ninety-two members of the American Rose 
Society and their friends assembled at the annual 
banquet at the Hotel Somerset at 7.30 p.m. 

At the head table were: Richardson Wright, 
President; Dr. Whitman Cross, Vice-President; 
S. S. Pennock, Treasurer; G. A. Stevens, Secre- 
tary; Dr. J. Horace McFarland, Editor; Robert 
Simpson, Leonard Barron, Dr. T. Allen Kirk, 
J. H. Nicolas, Alexander Cummmjr, Jr., Trustees; 
E. I. Farrington, Secretary of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society; William N. Craig, Vice- 
President of the Massachusetts Horticultural 
Society; Mr. Logan, representing William 
P. Long, Superintendent of Parks m Boston; 
Oakes Ames, Director of the Arnold Arboretum; 
Harold Ross, Chairman of the Exhibition Com- 
mittee of the M. H. S.; and Robert Roland of the 
Exhibition Committee of the M. H. S. 

Mr. Wright introduced Mr. Logan, who wel- 
comed the Society on behalf of the Commissioner 
of the Park Department and invited the members 
to visit the municipal rose-gardens and to in- 
spect the reproduction of the Society's seal 
planted in the public gardens. The other guests 
were introduced, and Mr. Ames cordially ex- 
tended to the membership the courtesy of the 
Arnold Arboretum, 

Mr. Wright announced that several medals 
of the American Rose Society were to be pre- 
sented at this meeting, and asked Arno H. Nehr- 
ling, of Richmond, Ind., to come forward. To 
Mr. Nehrling he presented the Gold Medal of the 
American Rose Society which was awarded to the 
Joseph H. Hill Company at the International 
Flower Show in New York last March for the 
new rose "Better Times." 



In the center of the speakers' table was a huge 
bowl of the rose "American Pnde,'' and Mr. 
Wright then called upon Nicolas Grillo, ot Mill- 
dale, Conn., to come forward and receive the 
Silver Medal which was awarded to this rose at 
the International Flower Show in New York. 

Mr. Wright then took up another Gold Medal 
of the Society and spoke as follows: 

"The award I have to make now calls tor one 
of the most difficult addresses I have ever been 
asked to make because it comes so deeply con 
amore. I am not going to ask him to stand up; 
I am going to talk about him in the third person. 

"At one time in his life, J. Horace McFarland 
was asked this question: 'Where did you first 
learn these things?' The answer was: 'In my 
heart.' It is rather interesting that it is possible 
for a man to live his life always keeping his ideals 
out in the front. J. Horace McFarland has lived 
his life wearing his heart and the things he be- 
lieved in where every man could see them. He 
has been a great citizen. He has been a great be- 
liever in making this country more and more beau- 
tiful and therefore a more pleasant place for all 
men to live in. He has labored with a burning 
zeal for the advancement of the American Rose 
Society. There is no one on whom we could be- 
stow this honor and bestow it more worthily 
than on Dr. McFarland. The medal reads: To 
J. Horace McFarland, L.H.D., for his long c'e- 
votion to this Society and his unstinted eflort to 
the advancement of the Rose in America. 
Boston, 1933.' My friends, you and I are 
deeply honored in awarding this medal to Dr. 
McFarland." 

Dr. McFarland: "There isn't anything for me 



to say; you are saying it for me. The honor, 
wholly unsuspected, is surely one I shall always 
cherish. I don't know what I can say properly, 
more than that I think the rose has been my 
means of actual existence, not in a gainful way, 
but because interest in it has carried me through 
physical difficulties. I like to live with the rose. 
1 don't see any particular reason why I should not 
continue to live for the rose, but I hope I may 

never live on it." , , t- • 

Mr. Wright then presented to Mr. Farrington 
the six Silver Medals and two Bronze Medals 
which the American Rose Society had placed m 
competition at the rose show of the Massachu- 
setts Horticultural Society. 

Mr. Nicolas read a radiogram extending greet- 
ings from Robert Pyle, former President and 
Secretary of this Society, now in Europe, and 
Monsieur Dietrich of Les Amis des Roses in 
Saverne. 

The report of the Trustees was presented by 
the Secretary summarizing the work done at the 
meetings that morning and the night before. Dr. 
McFarland moved it be accepted, Mr. Pennock 
seconded it, and the motion carried. 

Dr. McFarland presented the report of the 
Nominating Committee as follows: 

Ballots received by the Secretary for the officers 
nominated by this Committee total as follows: 

For President: Richardson Wright, 571; Dr. T. 
Allen Kirk, 1; J. H. Nicolas, 1; Robert Pyle, 2; 
J. Horace McFarland, 1. 

For Vice-President: Dr. S. S. Sulliger, 574; 
E. G. Hill, 1; Dr. T. Allen Kirk, 1. 
For Secretary: G. A. Stevens, 576. 
For Treasurer: S. S. Pennock, 576. 
For Trustees: Mrs. Ralph Orwig, 570; Alexander 
Gumming, Jr., 575; Robert Simpson, 575; Dr. T. 
Allen Kirk, 1; J. Horace McFarland, 1; Robert 
Pyle, 1; G. A. Stevens, 1; V. S. Hillock, 3; M. 
H. Horvath, 1. i • r 

Dr. Cross moved that the obvious elections be 
made unanimous. Seconded by Dr. Kirk, and 
the motion carried. The officers for next year 
are therefore: 
President — Richardson Wright. 
Vice-President — Dr. S. S. Sulliger. 
Secretary — G. A. Stevens. 
Treasurer — S. S. Pennock. 
New Trustees: Mrs. Ralph Orwig (term ex- 
pires 1936); Alexander Gumming, Jr. (term 
expires 1936); Robert Simpson (term expires 
1936). ^ ^ 

Mr. Nicolas asked the privilege of the floor: 



"The Nominating Committee has overlooked 
the fact that the office of President Emeritus is 
vacant. We all regret the loss of Dr. Mills, but 
we have among us a man whom I once described 
as 'the great apostle of the rose in America.' 
Most of us have received a large part of our in- 
spiration from him. I want to nominate Dr. J. 
Horace McFarland as President Emeritus ot 

this Society." . i • i ^ 

Carried immediately and unanimously wittiout 

discussion. • j i 

Dr. Whitman Cross was then nominated by 
Mr. Stevens as Honorary Vice-President of the 
Society, beginning January, 1934. The nomina- 
tion was put to vote and carried unanimously. 

The President then moved towards appointing 
the committees authorized at the Trustees 

meeting: ,^ . • r . a i 

To the Committee on Revision of the Awards 
and Rules for Exhibition he appointed Mr. 
Hatton, Chairman, with Mr. Nicolas and Mr. 
Stevens ex officio. _ , 

The Executive Committee is in power to recon- 
sider the government of this Society with the view 
of establishing a council or larger body of trustees. 
To the Definition Committee, which is to con- 
firm or reclassify rose types, Mr. Barron was 
appointed Chairman, to choose such members as 

he wishes. 

To the Committee to Test Hardiness ot Hoses 
in Severe Climates, Mr. Stevens was appointed 
to select the other members. 

To the Committee on Sectional Interest, Ur. 
Cross was made Chairman, with Dr. Kirk and 
Mr. Stevens ex officio. , >- 

The President delayed appointing the Com- 
mittee on the National Rose-Garden in order to 
give it further consideration. 

Dr. Guterman was called upon to summarize 
the statement which he had made to the Trustees 
in the morning concerning the proposition ot 
Cornell University with regard to the further 
work in respect to rose diseases and pests. (See 
page 8 for his remarks.) „r • i 

At the close of his address, Mr. Wright ex- 
pressed the deep appreciation of the American 
Rose Society for the rose show put on in honor 
of the Society by the Massachusetts Horticul- 
tural Societv, and asked to receive a motion 
thanking the Massachusetts Horticultural So- 
ciety for its hospitality and for the show. The 
motion was made by Mr. Pennock and seconded 
by Dr. Cross. Carried unanimously. 

The meeting adjourned. 



Membership Report— The American Rose Society 



Class June 1-22, 

Annual New 43 

Annual Renewals 31 

Honorary Members 

Life Members 

Sustaining Members 1 

Commercial Members 

Research Members 



75 



June 1-June 22 (inch) 
1933 Jan. 1-June 22, 1933 

368 

1,902 

22 

132 

48 

39 

1 



Jan. 



1-June 22, 


1932 


Total 1932 


470 




617 


2,421 




2,465 


23 




32 


140 




140 


54 




63 


46 




51 







1 



2,512 



3,154 



3,369 



jQ THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 

Financial Statement, December 31, 1932 

AssFTs as of December 31, 1932: $7,089.99 

Cash -Treasurer's General Funcl. . 202.98 

Cash- Secretary's C:()ntinsent Fund $7,292.97 

15,348.75 

Investments z r.' \\: ' ' ■ '.'. $4,866.16 

Inventories— Books and Publications 20.00 

Medals, Cases, Etc ^. • •. - .:;.i:;e ... 306.24 

Secretary's Department— Stationery and Supplies ^j^^ 

Books for Sale — 5,201.10 

220.27 

Furniture and Fixtures 

$28,063.09 

Liabilities as of December 31, 1932: $1,513.18 

1933 Dues 152.36 

Dues paid beyond 1933 _ $1,682.54 

$1 044 67 

Commercial Rose Interests Committee Fund 2',883'.03 

Reserved for Special Medal Award Accounts _____ 3,227.70 

113.00 

Fund for Fighting Rose Diseases ' y y ! '$15,348.75 

Invested in Bonds 6,991.10 

Surplus 22,339.85 

$28,063.09 

Income and Expenses for Year 1932: A^^r.nnt« Iinuarv 1 1932 $9,573.01 

Balance in General Fund, Check and Savings Fund Accounts, January l. iv^z. 

Income for Current Expenses: ^^ ^qq j,^ 

1932 Dues-3369 Members 4 322 06 

Paid before January 1, 1932 ^^ 377.46 

...."" '427164 

Interest on Investments cyQ 59 

Sale of Annuals and Other Books g^'y^ 

Contributions and Miscellaneous Income ' 

r ^ D $7,467.50 

Total Income for Current Purposes 

Reserved for Special Purposes: r-^^,v,..rr>ml 

Share of Commercial Rose Interests Dues (51 Commercial ^^ 

Members at $6.50) ^. 22 70 

Interest on Special Medal Award Accounts • 

Interest on Commercial Rose Interest Account ^^-^ 

Life Membership Dues (1 at $60) 21 00 

Royalties on Capt. Thomas' roses . 113 00 

Contributions to Rose Disease Fund ^ 598 04 

Dues for 1933 and beyond ' $2,276.24 

~ $9,743.74 

Total Receipts 

Grand Total $19,316.75 

Expenses: .1 «!;4 91176 

Printing and Mailing Annuals ^2'l61*70 

Printing and Mailing Quarterlies ^ ■.•■,■ A r " ' '74902 

Postage and Miscellaneous Expense, Editor s Department ^^^-^^^ 

Promotional Literature and Miscellaneous Expense 695 80 

Prizes, Exhibits, Shows, Medals ^ 9«0 83 

Secretary's Department Expense ' 

^ ,^ r $12,257.32 

Total Current Expenses W ' • ' i' b" 

Disbursements from Funds Reserved for Special Purposes: ^^^^ ^^ 

Contribution to Hartford Flower Show . 250*00 

Cornell Fellowship to Fight Rose Diseases. ...■••_•• • • • • • • p.;^^^;,' " ' * 

Balance in General Fund, Check and Savings Fund Accounts, Decern- 

ber 31, 1932 _I_Z1- 

^ , . $19,316.75 

Total 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE ^ 

Treasurer's Report-The American Rose Society, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Cash Balance in Bank and on Hand. June 22, 1933 

General Fund: 

Citizens' Trust Company of Harrisburg. .$3,766.29 

Check Account . . 3,000.00 

Savings Fund —$6,766.29 

Accounts Reserved for Special Purposes: 352.16 

1. Life Membership - ■ • • •. . . 1,091.67 

2. Commercial Rose Interests Committee 281.36 

3. Dues for Future Years $1,725.19 

$5,041.10 

Secretary's Contingent Fund: $437.11 

Check Account . 1 .41 

Petty Cash 438.52 

$5,479.62 
Total Funds Available 

Details of Expenses, Year 1932 

Editor's Department 

Annua/s— 4519 Copies $4,439.50 

Printing, less Advertising 50.29 

Cartons 363.83 

Postage. . . .^ . . . . 58.14 

Inserts and Miscellaneous 

$4,911.76 
Average Cost $1.09 per copy 

Quarterlies 

Printing, less Advertising ^^^^ ^^ 

^^'""^l^^ """^P'^" .1,076.50 

June — 3995 copies. '^^g qq 

September — 4000 copies 309 00 

December — 6000 copies 03 012.50 

40 75 
4000 Ballots in June Issue 59 94 

6000 Circulars in December Issue 22'.66 

Wrappers 24.87 

Postage 41.73 

Miscellaneous ^$2,202.45 

General Expense , _ , , . $33.89 

Telephone and 1 elegraph 91.31 

Postage 24!87 

Stationery , 20 57 

Executive Committee Meeting 30.13 

Stenographer •7'5q 

Traveling L_ $208.27' 

. $7,322.48 

Secretary's Department $2,056.46 

Stenographic and Clerical Help ' 172.04 

Stationery 289.25 

Postage .^. . ; 165.41 

Telephone and Telegraph 89.47 

Office Supplies 59.61 

Addressograph 41.92 

Membership Cards 106.67 

Traveling and Miscellaneous '_ $2,980.83 

Prizes, Exhibits, Shows, and Medals S24.42 

Prizes ; 67L38 

Alcdals __ $695.80 



12 THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 

DETAILS OF EXPENSES, YEAR 1932, continued 

Promotion Literature and Miscellaneous dti en nn 

President's Omce 78 72 

Treasurer's Oflice^ 53*70 

Executive Committee 075 70 

Promotional and MisccIIaner)us ^ 

Total Expenses 



$1,258.21 
$12,257.32 



Comparison of Operating Expenses 

1932 1931 Average 

1923-1930 incl. 

ITEMS Avg. Ayg. Avg. 

Amount Per Amount Per Amount Per 

Mem. Mem. Mem. 

Editor's Dept. Expense $7,322.48 $2.18 $10,075.75 $2.57 $8,166.77 $1.88 

Secretary's Dept. Expense 2.980.83 .883^ 3,579.95 .91 4,481.68 1.04 

Prizes, Exhibits, Shows, Medals 695.80 .20^ 470.37 .12 266.16 .07 

Promotional Literature and Misc 1,258.21 .37 1,053.52 .27 357.66 .08 

Total Operating Expense $12,257.32 $3.64 $15,179.59 $3.87 $13,272.27 $3.07 

Number of Members 3,369 3,922 4,326 

Membership decrease from year to year 553 73 

Per cent decrease in membership from 

year to year 14.1% 2 ^ 

Number oif Annuals purchased and cost ^ ^. «. n -^-rr ^ en ia 

per copy 4,519 @ $1.09 5,018 @ $1.04 5,275 @ $1.10 

Number of Quarterlies and cost per 

copy (4 editions) 18,295 (a, $0,114 17,900 @ $0,082 

No charge has been made since July, IQ23, for time of the Secretary, for Rent of Heat, Light, or 
Office Space. 

Comparison of Inventories 

As of December 31, 1931 As of December 31, 1932 

Annuals-Current Year 933 @ $1.00 $933.00 990 @ $1.00 $990.00 

Annuals— Previous Years 4,185 @ .75 3,138.75 4,766 @ .75 3,574.50 

Handbooks 3,772 @ .10 377.20 502 @ .05 25.10 

Quarterlies 4,740 @ .05 237.00 300 @ .10 30.00 

Standardized Rose Names 49 (5} .10 4.90 48 @ .10 4.80 

Indexes to Annuals 58 @ .03 1.74 42 @ .03 1.26 

Primer — "What Every Rose-Grower Should ^.^ r.r. 

Know" ^ 1,397 @ .45 628.65 599 @ .45 269.55 

Addressograph Plates and Blank Frames. . 6,875 @ .OVA 103.07 6,184 @ .01^ 92.76 

Medals, Cases, Dies, Etc 22.75 29.00 

Voucher Blanks 1,362 @ .01 13.62 

Certificates— Life, Honorary, Merit 162 @ .25 40.50 162 @ .25 40.50 

Cartons 2,800 43.20 550 4.00 

Letterheads 8,260 46.62 

Mimeograph Paper, Carbon, Etc 2,500 8.13 

Record Cards 10,250 @ 5.00 51.25 4,000 @ 5.00 20.00 

Stamped Envelopes 9,500 218.15 

Blank Envelopes 24,744 60.40 

Envelopes — Office of Secretary 1,000 60.60 

Books for Re-Sale 45.70 9.61 

Wrappers (Handbook) 3,500 @ 9.00 31.50 

Circulars 23.12 12.00 

Prize Display Cards 6.26 4.80 

Supplies and Sundries 218.30 6.62 

Binders for Quarterlies 16 @ 1.00 16.00 12 @ 1.00 12.00 

Loan Library Leaflets 325 @ 6.50 2.12 

Loan Library Labels 950 8.00 

Labels for packages 2,900 6.00 

$6,271.93 $5,201.10 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



Southern Division of the Pacific Coast 
Regional Rose Conference 



REDLANDS, CALIF., APRIL 20, 1933 



Amid broad acres of orange-groves the pic- 
turesque city of Redlands nestles close to the 
base of the Coastal Mountain Range of Cali- 
fornia. Here on April 20, members of the Ameri- 
can Rose Society in the southern section of the 
Pacific coast held their annual conference. 

After a sincere address of welcome by the 
Mayor of the city, the Hon. William Fowler, 
and the response bv the chairman, Mr. Forrest 
L. Hieatt of San Diego, Dr. S. S. SuIIiger of 
Tacoma, Wash., General Chairman of the 
Pacific Coast Regional Rose Conference, was 
introduced and spoke on "Getting Together for 
Rose Progress." The purposes of the annual 
conferences were outlined and the accomplish- 
ments of past conferences were reviewed. The 
writer has long been familiar with the rose 
activities of Dr. Sulliger in the Pacific Northwest 
and the enthusiasm displayed by the speaker 
fully justified his preconception of that worthy 
rosarian*s ardor in rose-growing and rose fellow- 
ship. 

Mr. Clarence G. White, of Redlands, delivered 
a paper on "Growing Roses in Partial Shade and 
Other Matters of Rose Interest." When this 
gentleman was introduced there was a mild 
curiosity regarding him, on the part of the 
writer, since some correspondence had been 
carried on in the past with him and, in addition, 
an article or two had appeared in the American 
Rose Annual over his signature. It is often as 
gratifying as the joy of growing a beautiful plant 
or flower, to gain the acquaintance of a garden- 
minded individual who is optimistically wooing 
the ever-elusive goddess of perfection: one who 
chooses to cogitate upon the probable success of 
the application of some unorthodox cultural 
practice and then put that thought into action, 
rather than spend precious moments of life in 
a vain effort to describe the full beauty of a rose. 
When one has become steeled by experience to 
the rhapsodiacal utterances of garden-folk it is 
refreshing to find one whose writings give but an 
inkling of the real progress being made. 

As Mr. White's talk progressed, it became 
wholly apparent that he is one of those rare 
individuals with whom thought is the child of 
action. The possibilities in the White garden 
became so evident that a visit to it seemed more 
and more desirable. This was realized upon the 
adjournment of the afternoon session. 

After Mr. White's talk a discussion was 
entered into relative to holding an annual 
Southern California Rose Show, it was unani- 
mously agreed that such a show was highly desir- 
able and the Conference recommended some 
definite action on this matter in the near future. 
A round-table discussion on "Sifting the 
Wheat from the Chaff" was then led by Dr. 
Sulliger, but this proved rather fruitless. The 



consensus was that the influence of humidity, 
soil, and temperature on different varieties 
played a large part in determining what was 
wheat and what was chaff, and since these con- 
ditions varied so greatly in the different localities 
no arbitrary conclusions on desirable varieties 
for general planting could be reached by rose- 
growers from many localities, which would be 
fair and accurate everywhere. 

The afternoon session was then adjourned and 
a small group visited Mr. White's rose-garden. 

Whitehill is situated on the crest of Smiley 
Heights overlooking the surrounding country- 
side. Below the residence a thrifty orange-grove 
skirts the lower side of the property. The rose- 
garden is in reality dividecl into three distinct 
sections. One quite near the house consists of a 
series of trellises covered with climbing roses, 
between which are planted beds of dwarf varie- 
ties. The result is partial shade for the dwarfs. 
A hedge of Gold of Ophir roses forms a back- 
ground. The effect as one wanders down the 
path is a continual series of surprises as each 
bed of roses is passed. At a little distance beyond 
is a rose-garden on a slope which has been 
covered with slats (not laths). Although it would 
appear on casual notice that these slats are so 
far apart that they would be utterly useless, in 
reality they provide one-fourth to one-third 
shade. Mr. White states that in addition to 
ameliorating the effect of the scorching summer 
sun, the slats provide some protection from 
severe cold, thus resulting in the maintenance 
of a more even temperature at all seasons of the 
year. The roses themselves are growing in soil 
in which is incorporated generous quantities of 
German peat and are fed only with comrnercial 
fertilizers. The fertilizer is placed about 8 inches 
deep in holes about one foot apart, which are 
bored around the rim of the outermost leaf drip 
of the plants with a steel prod. Since the roses 
are growing on a side slope, adequate natural 
drainage is provided, but, in addition, perfect 
drainage is obtained by the use of covered ditches 
that have a series of sluice gates. These gates 
are closed to irrigate, then when the soil becomes 
saturated with water they are lifted. 

Across the road, at the bottom of a deep 
canyon, another rose-bed is situated, likewise 
slatted overhead. Due to the colder location of 
this bed, the roses were just breaking a little 
color as compared to heavily laden plants in the 
other beds. However, the thrifty condition of 
the plants indicated that the finest rose-growing 
conditions at Whitehill are to be had in this spot. 
To describe the full perfection of both the rose 
plants and blooms at Whitehill must be left to a 
more accomplished writer, for the glory of a 
hedge of Gold of Ophir roses several hundred 
feet long with billowing masses of exquisite 



14 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



blooms literally smothering the fohage from view, 
is worthy of the fullest genius of an arUst. 

In addition to the roses at Whitehill, the ins, 
bulbous plants, perennials, and flowering shrubs 
were a little overwhelming in their abundance 
and perfection of growth and bloom. Many 
wonderfully line gardens were visited in Ked- 
lands on the following day, but the climax o 
the trip from San Diego was the privilege ol 
visiting Whitehill. . 

At the rose dinner the same evening many ot 
the charming people of Redlands were present, 
and after a few toasts and reports from various 
sections on rose progress, the high point ol the 
Conference itself was reached. Dr. Louis M. 
Masscy, of Cornell University, delivered an 
address on "Rose Diseases in California." While 
the writer has technical training and has personal 
acquaintance with many pathologists, the 
experience of hearing Dr. Massey was novel. 
Any scientist who can explain a technical subject 
in an unmistakably simple way is an exception. 
Dr. Massey has acquired this technique to a 
greater degree than anyone I have ever had the 
pleasure to hear; and he goes to the bottom of 
his subject with a full elaboration of detail. In 
addition, he brought to the fore many new 
thoughts on disease-control that are worthy of 
the most careful consideration. 

The next morning was devoted to garden 
visits in Redlands, and while space does not 
permit descriptions of the many fine gardens 
worthy of mention, several rose features cannot 
be overlooked: The vista from the Kimberley 
place in Redlands that gave the illusion of look- 
ing over and down into a tropical jungle of trees, 
vines, and shrubs, in which one caught a glimpse 
of garlands of Banksia roses festooned from 
trees 50 or 60 feet high; an old bush of Louise 
Catherine Breslau at S. S. Berry's place, 6 or 7 
feet high, in full bloom; a garden arch at the 
Rex Jones' place, covered with climbing Louise 
Catherine Breslau, one mass of color; the 



abundance everywhere throughout the city of 
masses and hedges of yellow and white Banksias, 
double white Cherokees, and Ragged Robins 
(Gloire des Rosomanes). 

The Conference was decidedly a success. 1 he 
spirit of the members, of the people of Redlands, 
the beautiful setting, and the full cooperation ot 
the city ofllcials and the Chambers of Commerce 
of both Redlands and Riverside (where garden 
visits were also provided) accomplished this 
success. Riverside and Redlands also held 
flower shows on the days of the Conference. 
Surely this same enthusiasm for beautiful things 
should be duplicated in a thousand cities and 
towns in this Nation.— Silas B. Osborn. 

In submitting this report of the Redlands 
Conference, written by Mr. Silas B. Osborn, 
Editor of Calijnrnia Garden, may I add a briet 
comment on a very important part of the pro- 
gramme which Mr. Osborn either purposely or 
inadvertently omitted? 

The address of Mr. Osborn at the afternoon 
session on the subject 'The Local Society" was 
a fine contribution to the Conference. The 
speaker outlined the many ways in which the 
local society can serve the community, showing 
that in serving the community it also serves 
itself. Mr. Osborn used the activities and 
achievements of the San Diego Rose Society of 
which he is a past president, to impress upon his 
hearers that the local society is the key to com- 
munity rose progress. 

The masterly fashion m which the subject 
was presented " and its enthusiastic reception 
leads me to predict the forming of several new 
local rose societies in the district. A delegate 
from Riverside, Mr. Shirley Boyd, announced 
that he was going home and call a meeting of 
rose-lovers to consider forming a rose society. 

Mr. Osborn's address was a splendid part of 
a very splendid Conference. 

— Forrest L. Mieatt. 



Middle Atlantic Council and 
Tourney of Roses 

ROANOKE, VA., MAY 24-25, 1933 



Roanoke rosedom will long remember May 
24-25, 1933, as big moments in Virginia's rose 
history. On those dates the Regional Rose 
Show was held. A success with a big "S," and a 
large bouquet of 2-year, field-grown HT.'s to 
Dr. T. Allen Kirk, the regional director, who 
managed the show. 

Early on May 24, Hotel Roanoke's lobby, 
lounges, "peacock alley," and large ballroom 
were deluged with crates of milk-bottles, vast 
kettles of ice-water, and thousands of choice 
roses that represented months of dreaming and 
toil. Touching, but amusing to the la\man, it 
was, to see each exhibitor anxiously mothering 
his or her pets. 

Likewise, it was amusing to hear the whispered 



comments: "Is that THE Nicolas, or THE 
Marion Hatton?" or "That Mr. Stevens looks 
too young to have written a book," or "Did Dr. 
Cross really bring those roses from Washington?" 

And, mirahile dictu, it was the "Big Four" in 
person 1 

Gradually the hubbub subsided and finally 
the doors to the ballroom swung open. One 
entered walking on real flagstones, imbedded in 
real sod; thence through the daintiest of garden 
gates, and under a trellis entwined with living 
and blooming climbers. 

Once through the gate, the visitor stopped, 
inhaled deeply, while his eyes protruded, and 
assumed that facial expression generally likened 
unto "a one-eyed kid at a three-ring circus." 



One personal friend of this writer uttered a 
reverent "damn." Utterly spontaneous, and the 
homage in the tone excused the unfortunate 
choice of a word. Thousands of seductive blooms 
|)id for caresses, amid the usual cries of: "Just 
look at this!", "What's the name of this one?", 
"We must have this one," and the inevitable: 
"Where can I get a slip of this one?" 

On the sides of the display tables, the various 
garden clubs had shown their splendid spirit of 
cooperation in no uncertain fashion. There were 
studies in silver and white under blinking lights, 
pages from the album, inset with medallions of 
real flowers, rock-gardens, and portals garlanded 
with sheaves of Paul's Scarlet Climber. 

Burly Paul Neyrons and Ulrich Brunners 
nodded their protective heads across the aisle at 
the coquettish Polyanthas. And in the "far end" 
of the hall, nothing less than a cozy garden, in 
which there grew and bloomed well over a 
hundred choice roses in beds of sod and peat 
moss. Fifty of these were Comtesse Vandals. 
The Comtesse, by the way, carried ofl" the speci- 
men sweepstakes, to the joy and credit of Mr. 
and Mrs. Claude M. Speese. 

Messrs. Nicolas, Hatton, and Stevens were 
properly set up for judging after a luncheon at 
the home of Dr. Kirk, President of the local Rose 
Society, as well as Regional Director. And let 
it here be said that Mrs. K. is all in the drawing- 
room and dining-room that her illustrious spouse 
is in the garden. 

Time was stolen for quick views of the Kuyk 
and Goodwin gardens during that crowded after- 
noon. We suggest the Kuyks (along with the 
Kirks) for a blue ribbon — a charming >oung 
couple and host and hostess unexcelled. 

Then the dinner in the Green Room at Hotel 
Roanoke. Rose lore, rose history, rose progress, 
rose suggestions. Truly this was the high-spot 
of Roanoke's Regional Rose Show! A lawyer 
could not but be impressed by the intent expres- 
sions of the diners, and the many who came in to 
listen after the dinner, as they heard the wisdom, 
wit, logic, and experiences of Hatton, Nicolas, 
Stevens, Cross, and Kirk, who cast upon the 
hearts of their audience the spell of the rose. 

We were all eyes the next morning to see how 
tile exhibits had stood the warm night, and 
delighted to sec no particular harm done. More 
questions, more "Ohs" and "Ahs," awards, 
ribbons, medals. Questions. 

Then another delightful luncheon at Dr. 
Kirk's. Perhaps Mrs. Kirk shouldn't be such a 
uondcrful hostess, for at the end of the second 
luncheon, she was abandoned by her husband, 
who, accompanied by Nicolas, Hatton, Stevens, 
;ind Cross, precipitately left the state. Not that 
tiiey were fugitives, but they just had to attend 
another rose show at Charleston, W^ Va.* 

Then the transformation: At 7:00 p.m. of the 
second day the writer, with 400 other hungry 
nun, was fed and entertained at a Civic Club 
i^inner in the same ballroom. My chair hap- 
!>< ned to be right where a cleverly arranged 
lock-garden and pool had been but a few hours 
previously. For one, at least, the odor and 

■ Regrettably Mr. Hatton and I had to forego the picasu 
I'rit'f visit to Dr. Cross' garden at Chevy Chase. — G. A. S 



glamor of the roses. How do the hotel folk do it? 
Results: New and worth-while friendships. 
Keener appreciation of rose delight. More rose 
knowledge, more rose interest, and a brand-new 
Rose Awakening for many. — Robert Smith. 

Portland Rose Society 

The Portland Rose Society held its Forty- 
fifth Annual Rose Show on June 8th at the 
Municipal Auditorium in the city of Portland, 
Ore. Tne roses were displayed in the north and 
south wings of the Auditorium and the sight was 
most arresting. 

On account of the severe winter and the large 
number of rose losses, the Rose Society dis- 
pensed with the estates class this year and al- 
lowed all growers to compete in the same class. 
Despite the lateness of the season, many beauti- 
ful roses were shown and the show was one of 
the most successful of recent years. On the stage 
in the center of the Auditorium the throne of 
the queen was built, amid a bower of roses and 
delphiniums. It was in this beautiful setting 
that Queen Jean was crowned, and a beautiful 
new red rose created by M. Leenders & Co., of 
Steyl-Tegelen, Holland, named in her honor. 
This is the first time that a rose has ever been 
named for a Queen of Rosaria. The impressive 
ceremony, however, is to be continued and each 
year a beautiful new rose will be selected from 
the International Test-Garden and named in 
honor of the reigning queen. 

The first prize in the grand sweepstakes was 
awarded to Mr. E. A. Hupp, who entered a half- 
opened bloom of Padre. The cloudy weather 
had given his bloom a pink and coral richness 
seldom seen in a rose. Mrs. Quimby L. Matthews 
was awarded the magnificent Nicholson Bowl 
for her basket of twenty-five Mme. Edouard 
Herriot roses. Miss Mary Lu Mai lory, of Oak 
Grove, Ore., was awarded first place in the 
shadow-box exhibit for her study in still life of a 
bowl of great crimson roses. First award in the 
Bloomfield rose exhibit in memory of the late 
George C. Thomas, Jr., of Beverly Hills, Calif., 
went to Mrs. J. L. Karnopp for her entry of 
Bloomfield Dainty. 

The children's 4-H Club Rose Show Exhibit 
was exceptionally good, and a rose from the 
garden of Albert Paget, a 13-year-old member of 
the Club, won the second prize in the grand 
sweepstakes. The children of the Club have 
planted and reported on approximately 2500 
roses this year. 

Mine. Caroline Testout was given a special 
section in the Show in honor of her reelection as 
the official Portland rose. Mme. Edouard 
Herriot, however, captured the Show and was 
conspicuous in most of the entries. A hedge of 
20 of these roses, grown by Josephine Danna of 
the 4-H Club, was considered by many to be the 
most beautiful display of roses they had ever 
seen. The sight so entranced Mr. Frank C. 
Riggs, one of the judges who examined the 
garden, that he took Dr. Sulliger to see the 
gorgeous flowers. — Quimby L. Matthews. 

re of visiting the Charleston Show, but we did get time for 



Fl 



16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Iowa Rose Society 



The seventh Annual Meeting of the Iowa Rose 
Society was held Saturday, June 10, 1933, at 
Greenwood Park in Des Moines. Although the 
thermometer hovered around the 10()° mark, 
sixty members from various parts of the state 
showed great interest and pleasure in renewing 
rose acquaintances, and in the proceedings of the 
day. The main theme of the business meeting 
was the hopefully anticipated Annual Meeting 
in Des Moines of the American Rose Society in 
1934. All agreed that if the meeting went to 
Portland, the 1935 meeting would be our goal. 

After the morning business meeting, which 
was held out-of-doors under the oak trees, a 
picnic luncheon was served. Mr. A. C. Hottes 
led the discussion in the afternoon, to which 
most of the members and guests contributed 
items of experience and practical knowledge. 
The discussion proved so interesting and profit- 
able that even in the hite afternoon the members 
were loath to leave to join in the pilgrimage 
which had been arranged to several rose-gardens. 

Much interest was shown in the Municipal 
Rose-Garden in the Park. This Garden was a 
contribution of the Des Moines Garden Club and 
dedicated to Miss Izanna Chamberlain, through 
whose great interest and love of roses, and liberal 
contributions, this Garden came into being. 

The Rose Show was staged in the pavilion 
nearby, and was a surprisingly fine show, despite 
the unusual drought and intense heat of this 
season. There were entries from all sections of 
the state, and many unusually fine specimens 
shown. There were five divisions with from four 
to eight classes in each, with entries in all classes. 

The Silver Medal awarded by the American 
Rose Society was given to Miss Izanna Chamber- 
lain for the most meritorious exhibit of the show. 
Miss Chamberlain also won one year's member- 
ship in the American Rose Society for the best 
specimen Hybrid Tea. 

The Bronze Medal went to Mrs. J. H. Van 
Vleit, of Pella, for the largest collection of 
Hybrid Teas. 

The officers elected for the following year were: 
President, Mr. R. S. Herrick, 1339 E. Sheridan 
Ave., Des Moines; Vice-President, Mrs. Harry 
Page, 115 S. Connecticut Ave., Mason City; 
Recording Secretary, Miss E. Weinman, Indian- 
ola; Corresponding Secretary, Mrs. O. B. West, 
1338 43d St., Des Moines; Treasurer, Miss Vera 
Ludden, 1516 Ross St., Sioux City. 

It was decided to hold the semi-annual meet- 
ing at Ames, during the Garden Short Course at 
Iowa State College, each year. 

— Mrs. Ralph Orwig. 

Niagara Frontier Rose Society 

The second Annual Rose Show held June 17 
and 18 by the Niagara Frontier Rose Society at 
the Buffalo Museum of Science was a magnificent 
display of roses and a great success. There were 
about 1500 blooms on exhibition, and while the 
quality was not quite so fine as last year, never- 
theless it was a grand show and well attended 
by nearly 4000 people. 



Mr. Peter G. Enser won the Buffalo Evening 
News Bowl for the best rose in the show with a 
superb Dame Edith Helen. Mr. M. Broderick 
won the Niagara Frontier Rose Society's Silver 
Cup for the best new rose introduced within the 
last four years, with a beautiful specimen of 
Heinrich Wendland. 

Probably the exhibit which created the most 
interest and enthusiasm was the display of 
English exhibition boxes. These were very well 
shown in the middle of the hall under splendid 
natural lighting conditions which showed to 
advantage the beauty and refinement of each 
individual flower. Dr. H. E. Bozer won first 
prize — the president's trophy. His box of nine 
blooms was very uniform and displayed a wide 
variety of color. Mr. F. G. Oliver won the 
American Rose Society's Bronze Medal for 
second prize in this class. Mr. Rickard won the 
Hughes Memorial Cup for the best-arranged vase 
of roses. The Hughes Challenge Cup was won 
by Mr. C. A. Davis, for the second time, and 
now is his permanent possession. 

Practically all classes were well filled. The 
class for the best arrangement of hardy climbers 
led the list with 18 entries. Mrs. John Glass won 
first prize with Mary Wallace. The best red 
H\ brid Tea class had 1 5 entries, as did the pink. 
The novice class was large and in it Mr. F. J. 
Henry won the American Rose Society's Bronze 
Medal for the best exhibit. Considering the diffi- 
cult season, it was as fine a show as I have seen 
anywhere this year. — Clarence A. Davis. 

Rose Shows in Georgia 

THOMASVILLE 

The season opened at Thomasville with the 
largest exhibit of roses ever, in a spacious display 
building that also held most beautiful and inter- 
esting displays of other flowers and arrangements. 
While that section of Georgia is still ruled by the 
Radiances and Hybrid Perpetuals, we find that 
newer varieties, including Ville de Paris, Hoover, 
Talisman, and Mrs. E. P. Thorn, were well 
represented, although an older variety, Una 
Wallace, won the individual sweepstakes. 

MACON 

The Annual Flower Show of the Bibb County 
Club was held in the Municipal Auditorium on 
May 3. The entire arena was filled with wonder- 
ful displays of flowers of all kinds, sorts, and 
descriptions, and was truly worth while not only 
to the oflficers in charge, but also to the thousands 
who paid the nominal admission fee. 

ATLANTA 

Over 100 amateur and professional exhibitors 
displayed the products of their gardens at the 
exhibit of the Druid Hills Club on May 5. 

The ballroom of the Biltmore was transformed 
into a veritable garden spot as vase after vase 
of vari-colored roses lined the exhibit tables. At 
the end of the room was a large display con- 
tributed by the Atlanta Florist and Horticultur- 
ist's Club. In this exhibit were many diflerent 
varieties of roses. 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

PUBLISHED BY THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY. HARRISBURG, PENNA. 

Edited by J. HORACE McFARLAND and G. A. STEVENS 



NOVEMBER -DECEMBER. 1933 



1.50 A YEAR; 25 CTS. A COPY 



HELP! HELP! 



T 



HE HELP is needed by your Secretary, who Is trying to stretch your American 
Rose Society dollars to cover depression difficulties and dehciencies. 

He wants YOU who read these words to send in your renewal membership 
remittance at once, without waiting for a separate bill On page 16 ^^ ?; ";f P^^^^^^^^^^^^ 
blank for you to fill out, tear off, and mail. (Uncle Sams postal authorities ^^ont 
permit us to enclose a bill separately, alas!) 

The service of your Society to its members has not been scaled down to fit the 
depression. It is 100 per cent as good as we know how to make it, and could hardly 
be better if we who work for the Society were actually paid for it. (Unpaid othce^ , 
and no rent for the office show our sporting interest!) 

Your end of these economies is prompt and good-humored response. You know- 
now as well as you will in January that you want the 1934 Annual as soon as it is 
issued. You don't want to miss one number of the American Rose Magazine. 

The 1934 American Rose Annual is simmering, and will come to a boil early in 
1934 It will be up to the hour of rose progress. We have never before had so many 
lielpful world rose-contacts. These contacts become yours through the printed page. 

A membership Christmas present? What could be better? t is easy to arrange. 
Names of your rose friends who will be helped by membership in the American 
Rose Society will be welcomed, and letters will at once go to them. 

Yours for the best rose year yet! 



yfji-ffUO-tAy' fl/ Q^^fJjJlcutJ^ 




THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G. A. Stevens 

Published bi-monthly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 



Subscription price: To members of the American Rose 
Society 75 cts. a year, 15 cts. a copy, wbicb amount is 
includid in the annual dues of S f.^o. 

To all others: SI. 50 a yeai, 25 cts. a copy. 

Entered as second-class matter at the Post Oflicc at Harris- 
burg, Pa., under the act of March J, 1H79. 

Vol. I, Nos. 5-6 1933 November- December 



THE end of 1933 approaclies, when 
tlie American Rose Society mem- 
bership of each of us who is not a 
hie member expires. On the first page, the 
Editor has called your attention to the 
service you may do for your officers and 
Society i)y renewing your membership 
without further notice. A form is printed 
on page 16 if you wish to use it. 

Early in January, the next issue of the 
Rose Magazine will be sent to paid-up 
members. In it we hope to include a 
Buying Guide, indicating where new roses 
may be purchased. 

A new edition of the Members' Hand- 
book is in prospect, containing an up-to- 
date roster of the membership, and the 
Revised Rules for Judging, Awarding 
Prizes, etc., as determined by the Prize 
Committee, as well as the report of the 
new Committee on Definitions. 

In March, or earlier if possible, comes 
the Annual which none of us will want to 
miss. It can already be whispered that 
some mighty interesting material has been 
assembled for it, and that the members' 
reports for the "Proof of the Pudding" 
have begun to come in. Please do not 
delay your own report. It helps a lot to 
have them come in early. 

At present the membership is lower in 
numbers than in any year since 1921, but 
the financial position of the Society is 
sound. We owe no money, and our loss of 
income from investments has not been 
serious. But a continuation of our re- 
duced membership for another year will 
cripple us, beyond doubt, necessitating 
curtailment of service to members. 

The remedy is obvious to all of you. 



BOOKS REVIEWED 

Roses of Quality. By Charles H. Rigg. Hon- 
orary Vice-President of the National Rose So- 
ciety. Illustrated in color. Price 6/ net. (Post- 
age extra.) Ernest Benn Ltd., Bouverie I louse, 
Fleet Street, London. 

In the Foreword to this charming little volume, 
the author has stated his purpose as follows: 

"Out of the multitude of roses in commerce to- 
day, many are so lacking in character, charm, and 
distinction that they are unworthy of a phice in 
our esteem or affection and can very well be dis- 
pensed with. 

"The author has entitled these notes 'Roses of 
Quality' as they aim at bringing to the amateur's 
notice a few only of those modern roses which by 
general consent are among the most desirable 
for cultivation." 

i\lr. Rigg has been one of the most faithful con- 
tributors to our own "Proof of the Pudding," and 
his comments have greatly helped by giving us 
well-considered ideas of what to expect of the new 
roses from England and other European sources 
when they reach our shores. This excellent book 
of his is a real joy, for he has selected with keen 
judgment what he considers the best of the recent 
roses, and described them fully with impartial 
art. 

I have been amazed at the number of times I 
have found myself agreeing whole-heartedly with 
him in his estimate of debatable varieties; so 
often, in fact, that when my experience has been 
different, I am tempted to try the roses in 
question once again to make certain that the 
fault lies not within myself. — G. A. S. 

Year Book of the Rose Society of Ontario. 
Edited by Paul B. Sanders. 106 pp. 

Always a most interesting volume because of 
the closeness with which the climajtic conditions 
of Ontario approach those of our northern states, 
we have heretofore regarded the Year Book of 
the Rose Society of Ontario as a mine of sound 
opinion about the behavior of roses. But this 
year we are even more interested to live over 
again in its pages the two happy days last 
summer when the American Rose Society held 
its annual meeting in Toronto and was privileged 
to behold and to take a small part in the magnifi- 
cent rose show. The event is happily chronicled 
by Mr. J. E. Sampson who was our host for the 
visit, and the show itself is described in its 
colorful splendor by Miss Harcourt. Dr. Mc- 
Farland contributes an article on "The Rose 
Folk of Ontario" and the list of awards is given 
in full. 

Much attention is given, as usual, to the dis- 
cussion of varieties, many of which are new and 
scarce in this country. There is no quarantine 
barrier between the Canadian gardener and the 
rich treasures of England such as exists for the 
United States. The Test-Garden at Guelph 
contributes, through Mr. Sanders, much valu- 
able information. Articles on Root-pruning, 
Powdery Mildew, Rose Foliage, and on the 
growing of roses in Ontario, Manitoba, Alberta, 
and British Columbia add much local value. 
The record of last year's activities of the 

Continued on page ii 



Roses in Eastern Texas 

By J. HORACE McFARLAND 



NOT MANY of our rose-friends 
realize the widening range of rose- 
plant production in America, par- 
ticularly since the horticultural quaran- 
tine, first applied in 1919, shut off 
Importations from abroad save under 
sharp restrictions. With characteristic 
resourcefulness, and on the whole with 
gratifying success, the United States has 
reacted to the necessity for home plant- 
production. Canada, it is believed, still 
o])tains most of her rose plants from the 
mother country. We have developed 
large areas of home supply. It has been 
estimated that some 18,000,000 outdoor- 
grown rose plants are produced and sold 
each year in the United States. Of these, 
eastern Texas, with Tyler as the center, 
claims to produce about one-third, though 
some of these roses masquerade as locally 
produced when they come north. 

A somewhat hurried view of this 
region, largely included in Smith and Van 
Zandt counties, was both my duty and 
good fortune in October. The duty was 
to help start off the First Annual East 
Texas Rose Festival, at Tyler. The good 
fortune was to be permitted to dedicate 
the municipal rose-garden in Fort Worth, 
about 140 miles west of Tyler, under 
peculiarly pleasing circumstances. 

Visits were made to a dozen or more 
rose nurseries within the Tyler district, 
and, just a little beyond it to the east, to 
Scottsville. Everywhere it appeared that 
roses were being grown in enormous 
quantities, with good, bad, and indiffer- 
ent care, and were responding to the 
favorable climate which makes rapid pro- 
duction of sound rose plants possible if 
the care is good. 

Previous experiences with Texas roses 
had led to the feeling that they were 
sappy, overgrown, soft, and not com- 
pletely desirable. It is true that the 
Texas climate can produce overgrown 
roses, and equally true that at times they 
have been shipped north by growers who 
did not understand the necessity for sound 
and ripened canes on plants expected to 
flourish when set out in gardens. It is 



apparent that many of the eastern Texas 
rose-growers have learned the lesson, and 
that, in common with California, Oregon, 
and other large producing regions, the 
material shipped by the best growers 
from the Tyler vicinity is of high quality. 
This means solid, well-ripened plants of 
moderate size on excellent root systems 
(usually Multiflora), carefully dug, and 
protected with more or less adequacy 
before shipment to conserve their vitality. 
It further means sharp discrimination in 
purity and grade of budding material. 
Danger in these respects is always 
inherent in a large production, and it 
still exists in eastern Texas, although the 
leading rose-growers of that region are 
aware of it. 

There are veteran Texas rose-growers 
who, while large producers, are alert to 
the necessity for a product of high 
quality. The distribution by the Ameri- 
can Rose Society (in cooperation with 
the Bureau of Plant Industry in the 
Department of Agriculture) of Mary 
Wallace as the first of the Van Fleet roses 
marketed through it, would not have 
been possible except for the knowledge 
and care used by the Verhalen concern. 
The discrimination, care, and rose-love 
tied to all operations under A. F. Watkins, 
of Tyler, would bring success anywhere, 
particularly as a generous disposition to 
improve the product of all was manifested. 

It will be inferred that I believe the 
selected product of Texas growth is as 
good as the equivalent product from 
California, or Georgia, or Oregon, and 
that if it is handled carefully in digging 
and transport it can take rank with the 
best product of eastern United States. 
(A rose plant can be ruined as easily by 
exposure in digging and packing in Texas 
as in Pennsylvania or in New Jersey.) 

It was decidedly interesting to observe 
the shrewd and careful study of the newer 
varieties proceeding in the Tyler yicinit^^ 
That fine little city was anything but 
"wild and woolly" during the unique 
parade including some twenty-six floats 
and displays, when the massed population 



Uj- 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



of the vicinity, to the extent of many 
thousands, celebrated the first Rose 
FestivaL Beautiful homes on pleasant 
streets and— if I ma\ be permitted to get 
away from roses-— the presence of an 
extraordinary profusion of pretty girls 
enlivened the spectacle. 

Cut roses by the million were used 
everywhere. It was peculiar to see that 
President Herbert Hoover was easily the 
dominating variety for the home display, 
although everything else came into the 

picture. 

Tyler has begun a municipal rose- 
garden, for which there are high possi- 
bilities, as careful planning takes advan- 
tage of them, and as the otherwise beauti- 
ful surroundings are freed from selfish 
billboards. 

Within the range of Tyler influence is 
a portion of the phenomenal eastern 
Texas oil-field, said to be the most pro- 
ductive oil-field in the world. To find the 
superintendent of a great oil company, 
with more than three hundred wells in 
his charge, so passionately fond of roses 
that he grew them near his office, and to 
find at the home of his assistant a most 
perfect bud of Comtesse Vandal, indicate 
that oil-wealth has only stimulated rose- 
love. 

It seemed to be my job to tell the Tyler 
folks, at a banquet, about "Adventures 
in Rose-Growing" over America, and to 
tell the same story again in Dallas, a 
hundred miles west, to the interested and 
most acute Dallas Garden Club. In the 
evening of my Dallas day, the Vice- 
President of the American Rose Society 
for Texas, R. A. Gilliam, had gathered a 
large group of rose and garden friends in 
McFarlin Hall of the Southern Methodist 
University, to whom I made the "Con- 
fessions of a Garden Crank." We seemed 
to have a good time together, for these 
friends kept both asking and answering 
questions for a full hour after the address 
was concluded. 

Dallas has a larger membership in the 
American Rose Society than any other 
city in America near its size. It also has 
a delightful municipal rose-garden, which 
was obviously well cared for as well as 
well loved. 

From Dallas to Fort Worth is but a 



step in the casual disregard of distance 
w^hich seems to be characteristic of that 
vast state. Indeed, to be told by two rose- 
friends that they had driven three hun- 
dred miles from Tulsa to Dallas to listen 
to me seemed to them nothing unusual. 

On the way to Fort Worth I saw the 
municipal rose-garden at Arlington, which 
received the $1,000 prize from the 
Woman s Home Companion competition 
of last year. It is a fine little garden, and 
the good women who have made it know 
roses and are constantly working to make 
it better. In the same town is the home 
of Mr. Hillock, whose writing is familiar 
to members of the American Rose Society, 
and whose good work with roses is sure 
to be of increasing importance both in 
respect to breeding and to the upbuilding 
of rose-propagation methods. 

In Fort Worth there was another pre- 
sentation of my "Adventures in Rose 
Growing" to the Tarrant County Rose 
Society, organized by the energetic Mrs. 
Hally Bradley Hampton. It was this 
garden, without any rose plants in it, 
that was picturesquely dedicated on the 
afternoon of October 13. I know of no 
public rose-garden in America with such 
a setting and with such possibilities. 
That it has a relation to the general NRA 
movement only makes it more creditable. 
That Mrs. Hampton and her husband are 
themselves more than half rose-mad was 
clearly shown in the variety and quality 
of the flowers in their own home-garden. 

Eastern Texas is very much on the 
map. It seemed only honest for me to 
say to the friends I met there that they 
had a job ahead of them. They need to 
sell eastern Texas roses to Texas, for 
exceedingly few of the homes in Marshall, 
in Greggtown, or in Tyler, to say nothing 
of the great residential districts in Dallas 
and Fort Worth, had yet made any use 
of roses as shrubs. Texas is coming to 
have hundreds of miles of good roads, but 
so far they are roseless for protecting the 
banks against soil-erosion and for making 
available to all the people who pass, the 
value and importance of a great Texas 
product. In fact, I believe the whole 
great production of rose plants in the 
Tyler region could to vast advantage find 
use about the Texan homes and highways. 



Novelties and Why 

By J. H. NICOLAS 



IT HAS been a favorite pastime to 
criticize the number of new roses 
coming out each year. All kinds of 
accusations and imprecations have been 
thrown at the hybridizers for "forcing 
such trash on the trusting public." A 
prominent rosarian writes: 

There arc far too many roses being produced 
ill the world, good, bad, and indifferent. We 
cannot begin to digest one-tenth of the annual 
crop of novelties, and in consequence many of 
them are hastily judged inferior and discarded. 
I have looked over the novelties of this year 
again wondering why in the world the originators 
ever sent them out. I am getting so weary of 
seeing the same thing year after year. When 
will introducers realize that they are rapidly pro- 
ducing a state similar to colic in the amateur's 
slumach for roses? For my own part I can tell 
\ou this, that I shall steadfastly refuse to plant 
any rose which has less than fifty petals. 

Fancy the elegant Ophelia, the graceful 
Mme. Butterfly w^ith fifty petals! Non- 
sense! The most beautiful roses of the 
day are the "Ophelia Group" (Ophelia, 
Mme. Butterfly, Rapture, Edith Nellie 
Perkins, Editor McFarland, Joanna Hill, 
Comtesse Vandal, Sunkist, and the like, 
and none has over thirty petals). 

Another correspondent writes: 



When I was in the fields at 



two davs 



ago, I boiled over about simihirity. These foreign 
growers are shoving in Pernetiana variations 
which are so hke each other that the amateur 
would need to have a color-scale to tell the 
diflVrcnce one from the other! 

We ought to gain in rose use, and I don't 
Ixlieve we are going to gain by shoving out the 
same kind of stuff all the time. I beheve I could 
l)iek out in my garden this afternoon twenty 
roses from three to twenty years old that are 
Ixttcr than any twenty we are now putting out. 
Tile trial-grounds sing the same song. 

If we are to get anywhere we must make the 
new things different and enough different to 
make them desirable. The hybridizers, I think, 
lUfd to have their heads pounded together. 

\\ hy blame hybridizers when nursery- 
men — or some of them — are responsible 
lor the glut? Novelties, either American 
or foreign, reach the consumer through 
commercial growers and distributors. 
Fhcse are the final judges of what to 
propagate, and the nurseryman above 
mentioned evidently made an error of 
judgment, scattering his pow^der at spar- 



rows instead of concentrating on a fine 
cock pheasant. Such a nurseryman is 
doing more harm to the popularity of 
the rose than all the hybridizers so much 
criticized. But even then 1 do not think 
these criticisms w(juld be justified if con- 
ditions making for that yearly avalanche 
of "new" roses were understood. 

Roses are essentially local, but some 
people are expecting them to be all 
universal. They expect a rose originated 
in Timbuktu to be adaptable and good 
in the mountains of Podunk and the 
alkali of Death Valley! And because 
that rose rebels under strange conditions, 
they blame the hybridizer! Even Radi- 
ance, perhaps the most w^idely adaptable 
rose of all, is not universal; it is not even 
good everywhere in the United States, 
and it simply refuses to perform in Europe. 

Rose nomenclature comprises about 
16,000 names, which means,^ barring 
probable duplications, about 15,000 va- 
rieties (Simon & Cochet listed 11,000 
names in 1906, and new ones have been 
added at the rate of around 250 a vear). 
This number of roses and novelties is 
necessary in order to find varieties suited 
for every nook and corner of our earth, 
but none has yet, or ever will be found to 
be top-notch everywhere. One thing is 
fairly sure: Every novelty is good sorne- 
w^here, and has its admirers at its point 
of origination. European hybridizers 
have a patronage mostly regional; they 
cater to the taste and desires of their 
limited clientele, and it generally is the 
clientele who decides whether a seedling 
must go out or not. 

Continental Europe, excluding Russia 
and Scandinavia, has 1,687,470 square 
miles as against 3,026,789 in the United 
States. It is divided into numerous 
countries, each surrounded by high tariff 
walls and otherwise prohibitive regula- 
tions against its neighbors. France and 
Germany, the tw^o largest of those 
countries, are each considerably smaller 
than our state of Texas, and Belgium is 
smaller than Maryland. Each country 
has its national aspirations, ideals, and 
notions of what constitutes a good rose; 



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THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



soil and climatic conditions also have 
their pecuharities and are important 
factors in rose-behavior. Rose-loving 
people of each country are satisfied with 
tlieir home-bred roses; they seldom go 
abroad for their roses and therefore are 
little familiar with the foreign varieties 
which may or may not be better than 
their own! It takes several years f()r a 
foreign rose to force itself outside ol its 
national boundaries. 

Rose-breeders are contented with their 
home patronage; they are not ccmcerned 
w^ith the performance of their roses 
abroad, and by the time these have been 
tested and propagated, the control is out 
of their hands and they receive no finan- 
cial reward; therefore why should they 
breed for a general world-use — something 
positively impossible scientifically, horti- 
cultu rally, and genetically? 

The conditions in America are different, 
Rose-breeding is still in its infancy, 
except for fiorist varieties, and, until 
hybridizing becomes more general, breed- 
ing garden roses for territorial sections, 
we have to rely upon foreign productions. 
Commercial growers import foreign va- 
rieties for testing, well aware that only a 
very few will prove useful. That test 
often goes on at but one place; and a rose 
outstanding at one point may be but a 
mediocrity a comparatively short distance 
away. This testing is an expensive 
service rendered the public by the nur- 
seryman, and the standard of a nursery- 
man should be gauged by the quality of 
the stuff he digs out of the foreign morass, 
not by the number of "novelties" he 
brings out each year; but the nurseryman 
speaks only for his section. No amateur 



should undertake "testing" novelties 
unless he is fully prepared and willing to 
sustain disappointment and bcagood sport 
about it. Then no judgment should be 
passed and published until the third year 
after planting; nothing is more insane 
than to hear self-called rosarians judging 
in June or July a rose planted in April! 
Were we to be limited to American-born 
roses, our list today would barely com- 
prise fifteen varieties, at least ten of which 
are escapes from the greenhouse. 

As long as we depend on foreign roses, 
we must get them all, and it is only 
through a long and costly process of 
elimination that one can expect to dis- 
cover that "rara avis" suited for our own 
local conditions, forsaking the idea that 
any will prosper in every one of our three 
million square miles! Duplications and 
similarities, of course, there will be, here 
superior, elsewhere inferior to their proto- 
types; many of those "duplications" ot 
bloom are on a better plaiit and this alone 
warrants their dissemination. Color pre- 
judices must not crop out ("Breeze Hill 
needs a stick of dynamite to enthuse over 
a pink rose"; it is a fad among the 
socialites of Cincinnati to taboo red 
roses), and we should be broad enough to 
admit that a rose may be good e\ en if we 
do not like the color. 

Even if garden roses were extensively 
bred in America and we were independent 
from Europe, no rose could ever be pro- 
duced that would be at its best everywhere. 
Whether American-born or foreign-born, 
roses will remain localized. Is there one 
flower, shrub, or tree that can be grown 
successfully everywhere in America? Why 
ask that from the rose? 



Ulrich Brunner Uber AUes! 

By MARGARET E. BOAL, Glendale, Calif. 



FOR a numl)er of years I have been 
reading your rose literature. In a 
small way, roses are a hobby with 
me and I am especially fond of Ulrich 
Brunner; so fond, in fact, that I grow no 
other rose on my place, with the exception 
of Cecile Brunner. At one time I had 
12,000 plants of Ulrich Brunner in bloom, 
all grown from cuttings which I, an 



amateur, had made in 1912. Some arc 
now sixteen years old and still blooming 
strong — eight to thirty blooms per bush. 

I do not grow new^ varieties from cut- 
tings, but stick to my old favorite. At 
first, I did so because of lack of finances, 
but now do so from choice. Of late years 
I have reduced the number of my bushes 
to 3,000. 



Lately I have been wondering if faded 
rose petals, left on the ground, have any 
virtue as a fertilizer. I have bought no 
fertilizer since 1920, but I spade all weeds 
under and strew the rose petals thickly on 
the soil to make a mulch. My roses are 
cultivated but once a year — any time 
from January to March — and I water 
them during those months and up until 
August. Then I let them go dry, to the 
despair of other rose-growers. I allow^ the 
weeds to grow up, in order to protect the 
plants from the intense heat of the sun. 
Lack of funds was the cause of this seem- 
ing neglect in the first place. Other gar- 
deners told me I was burning up more 
plant-life in weeds than I could buy, so to 
experiment I followed that procedure. 

My rose-field is not a show-place by any 
means, except when in bloom. For two 
years I cut back the long stems in winter 
to get specimen blooms on long stems, but 
two years ago I decided that w^as too much 
work, so I trimmed the plants up to rose- 
tree style by cutting out the short growth 
and leaving the longer stems three to 
four feet in length. The following bloom- 
ing season I got the surprise of my life, 
and a most pleasing surprise I assure you 
— my garden was one mass of red-topped 
bushes, eight to twenty flowers at a time 
on each stem. The heavy rains and a 
snow last winter did much to help my 
Ulrich Brunners make the beautiful show 
they did. This year I cut out more stems, 
l)ut ow ing to the shortage of rain the crop 
of bloom was not so large. 

Last year I cut off the water from mv 
roses in July. I had won a sweepstakes 
prize with my blooms several years ago, 
so I decided to do what I pleased with the 
bushes as I was not planning to exhibit 
the blooms. I am enjoying the solid mass 
of color more each year. I cut them back 
to where I want long stems all full of 
lilooms. As I am through with this year's 
i)looms, I will water them overhead three 
hours every ten days until a good growth 
of stems is evident. I make my cuttings 
long and put them in an outdoor bed in 
partial shade. The holes are dug, filled 
with water, and then let stand open to 
sun for several days before placing the 
cuttings in them. The cuttings are placed 
30 inches apart each way. After this I 



just leave them alone. Lots of last year's 
blooms were six to eight inches across. 
The plants are allowed to bloom but once 
a year. 

Four years ago I covered half of the 
field with mulching paper and it proved 
very successful, as the plants so covered 
were three wrecks ahead of the others. 
This field is rich black loam, with north 
frontage, and the bushes run east and 
west in the upper tier and north and south 
on the lower level. When aphides come, I 
spray, and I also keep a constant lookout 
for gophers. I allow no one to stampede 
me into strange and dangerous fertilizers. 

All the folks in this locality fuss all the 
time with their roses, and yet their results 
do not equal mine. Does the petal mulch 
help? 

I cut 4,000 blooms this season — put 
2,016 in a small 5 foot x 2 foot x 18 inch 
rose cottage, 1,200 on the roof — all short- 
stemmed blooms. I have fine camera 
views of it — just in order to have a real 
rose cottage like the one I live in. I take 
about all the garden books written — and 
then keep on raising roses in my own way. 

Mine is not a schedule that w^ould be 
useful anywhere else, but I am content 
with one great gorgeous crop of blooms 
once a year. I have something to look 
forward to next year — few thorns, no 
disease of any kind, very few bugs and the 
like, less than ten dead bushes, only four 
gophers. Am I a farmer, a garden moron, 
or a true rose-lover? 



C4^ 



Shrub Roses 

The wild roses of the world have among 
their number some of the finest flowering 
shrubs in existence. Nature does not offer 
anything more beautiful than a mature 
plant of Rosa Hugonis in full bloom. 

If you have never seen Hugonis in 
bloom, try to visualize a 6-foot shrub, 
composed of many red canes, gracefull}^ 
arched and covering an area greater than 
its height, and literally covered with soft 
yellow flowers from iIq ^o 2} 9 inches in 
diameter. These flowers are almost stem- 
less and lie so thickly on the canes that 
the plant is practically hidden. 

Hugonis has the faculty of opening most 
of its flowers at once, and while this 



Fr 



8 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



sliortens the I^Ioom-perlod it adds so much 
to the beauty of the plant while it is in 
bloom tliat the short season can be for- 
given. 

Early in the morning, before the sun is 
very high in tlie heavens, is the time to 
enjoy Hugonis, while the dcw-Iaden air is 
still heavy enough to keep the delicious 
fragrance of the flowers from being 
dissipated. 

After the flowers are gone and the plant 
becomes fully clothed with its fine acacia- 
like foliage, it is beautiful; again, after the 
foliage has fallen in the winter, the grace- 
ful form of the red canes makes it a plant 
to admire all winter. 

Rosa Hugonis was discovered in north- 
entral China by a Welsh priest named 
Hugh Scanlan, who sent dried plants, 
bearing seed-pods, to the British Museum 
in 1899. These seed-pods were sent to 
Kew where they were germinated and 
plants raised and bloomed, and named 
R. Hugonis in honor of the discoverer. 

The Arnold Arboretum received plants 
in 1908 but it was several years before the 
rose was offered to the American public. 

Another Asiatic shrub rose, and a 
splendid companion to Hugonis, is the 
double form of R. xanthina from northern 
China and Korea. Although Xanthina 
has been grown in Chinese and Korean 
gardens for centuries, it only reached this 
country in 1908, having been sent by the 
famous plant-explorer, F. N. Meyer. 

The plant of Xanthina is very much like 
that of Hugonis except that it is stronger 
growing, making a shrub up to 10 feet. 
The bright yellow, double flowers are 
about 2 inches across and open gradually 
instead of all at once, as Hugonis tries 
to do. 

A third splendid shrub rose is R. spino- 
sissima altaica, commonly called Altaica. 
As it comes from the Altai Mountains of 
Siberia, it is, therefore, perfectly hardy. 
It forms a graceful plant 5 to 6 feet tall 
and bears quantities of creamy white 
flowers 2 to 3 inches across, followed by 
black hips. 

Wilson, who was perfectly familiar with 
the species roses of the world, claimed this 
as his favorite hardy white rose. 

These roses come from desolate places 
where the winters are bitterly cold and the 



short summers insufferably hot; where drain- 
age is good but moisture and food are scarce. 
Therefore, they will do best in our gardens 
if the same conditions are provided — good 
drainage and soil that is not too rich. 
Plant them and let them alone; feed them 
sparingly if at all; and keep the pruning- 
shears away from them unless there is a 
dead cane to be removed. 

Another delightful species which is per- 
fectly hardy in the middle eastern states, 
although a native of warrner countries 
than the preceding varieties, is Mrs. 
Aitchison's Rose, R. Ecae, a native of both 
Afghanistan and Turkestan in Asia and 
northern Africa. Found by Mrs. Aitchi- 
son, the name was formed from her 
initials, E. C. A., with an added E to make 
the proper Latin genitive. 

The single, very pale yellow flowers are 
unusually lovely, but the plant itself is 
the interesting part in this case. Its 4- to 
5-foot canes are an attractive shade of 
dark red, with wide winged thorns, and the 
attractive, fern-like foliage has the fragrance 
of Sweetbriar. It can stand more food 
than the first three but better keep the 
pruners away. — R. Marion Hatton. 

A Little of Both ? 

Answering Albert Chandler in the May- 
June issue of the Rose Magazine, I wish to 
say I do not favor any change in the pres- 
ent system of tabulating the results of 
the newer roses via the "Proof of the 
Pudding," as that affords the only means 
which enables us to get definite informa- 
tion of new roses coming into commerce. 

Mr. Chandler says, referring to the P. 
of P., **But it has progressed into the 
frontier of experiment and high prices at 
a time when people are pruning their 
garden budgets.*' 

With this I totally disagree, as the P. of P. 
does not influence prices either way. The 
cost of rose bushes has never been so 
little as this 3- ear, and that is regulated 
by the overhead and demand, as in every 
other commodity. 

The testing of new roses serves one 
prime purpose only: it gives definite in- 
formation of "good and bad" from all 
angles, and that is needed long before a 
"Favorite Dozen" can even be thought of. 



Those who make these tests do so as a 
"rose adventure," with no ax to grind. 
Some have roses sent them by the intro- 
ducers, and others who can afford to buy 
them do so — all with the same purpose in 
inind, and no effort is spared to give the 
new roses a chance to show their stuff, 
and if it is not good enough, then those 
w ho cannot afford to pay the higher prices 
are able to save their money by not buying 
worthless roses when they become cheaper. 

The American Rose Society deserves 
the highest praise for the effort to weed 
out the good from the bad, thus saving the 
members from buying trash. I would like 
to refer Mr. Chandler to the dahlia game. 
There is no P. of P. Their members have 
no information as to quality and the prices! 

I believe a yearly presentation of the P. 
(A P. is needed to take care of all new roses 
as well as show yearly progress. 

As to the "Favorite Dozen," everyone 
to his own taste. The outcome of the 1926 



referendum left a trail of dissatisfaction 
from coast to coast, and evidently many 
who voted in 1926 knew only a limited 
number of varieties and the same would 
be true today, perhaps more so with the 
hundreds of new roses added since. I 
agreed with R. Marion Hatton in his 
"Static Referendum" in the 1928 Annual 
and do so to this dav — likewise with 
G. A. Stevens' "Symposium" in the 1929 
Annual. 

A list of dependable roses can be se- 
lected from the Annual. Members can 
pick their favorites from those receiving 
best reports from their own zone, and 
even nearer home; even then the choice 
depends on artistic instinct and taste. 

If a moratorium could be declared on 
new roses for several years, we would have 
a chance to catch up on some of the worth- 
while roses which have been relegated to 
the background, but how many would 
stay with them? — Frank C. Anders. 



The Rose-Garden at Porterfield 



By J. D. CRUMP, Macon, Ga. 



NEAR Macon, Ga., a great rose- 
garden has been developed at 
Porterfield, the country estate of 
i\Ir. and Mrs. James H. Porter. 

Porterfield is located 7 miles southwest 
of iMacon on U. S. Route No. 41, State 
Route No. 11, on the principal payed 
highway from Macon to the larger points 
of Florida. 

The Porterfield Rose-Garden consists 
of approximately 40 acres of land. All of 
its buildings are of true Normandy type, 
and the greater portion of it is appro- 
priately landscaped. The planting contains 
many valuable shrubs and other things in 
addition to the roses. A great portion of 
it is also under irrigation, the rose-garden 
I)eing only a part of the development of 
Porterfield. 

A most interesting experiment is being 
conducted by planting Roses under the 
shelter of a lath house to provide a 
measure of shade, such as was advo- 
cated by Mr. White in his talk at the 
Redlands, California, meeting of the Pacific 
Rose Conference and reported in the 



September- October Rose Magazine. 
Some time will be needed to prove the 
results. 

Porterfield gardens now contain a 
representative collection of almost all of 
the varieties of roses grown, with the 
exception of a collection of species. The 
collection of climbers and Polyantha roses 
is especially good. Of course, Teas, 
Hybrid Teas, Hybrid Perpetuals, and 
Pernetianas constitute the greater portion 
of the plantings. Exact figures are not 
available, but there must be now at 
Porterfield approximately 10,000 rose 
plants, and the number of different 
varieties will approximate 600, no doubt 
the largest and most representative 
planting in the Southeast, and will not 
make such a poor showing in comparison 
with the other large gardens in this 
country. 

While Porterfield is the private estate 
of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Porter, it is open 
to the public each day in the week, and 
members of the American Rose Society 
are alwavs welcome. 



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THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



11 



Paestum's Roses Bloom Again 



WITH tlie new year ancient 
Paestuni will wake up from Its 
lon^ sleep of ages with a glorious 
wide and smootli motor road to the sea. 

The secrets of the mystic city that 
chites back to a Greek colony which raised 
it to the magnilicence almost of the 
Athens of Pericles only to die and to 
leave no records excepting its stupendous 
temples and monuments, are gradually 
coming to light again. 

The massive walls which once sur- 
rounded it, the huge towers by which it 
defended itself against attacks like the 
legendary siege of Troy, its immense tem- 
ples and vast colonnades have been dug 
out of the sand, showing the great founda- 
tions and giving an idea of the power of 
the race that built such monuments. 

The basilica and Temple of Neptune, 
the newlv revealed foundations of the 



Quoted from the Public Ledger. Philadelphia 

Temple of Ceres and the imposing gate to 
the sea can be seen and studied by archae- 
ologists and tourists. In spring the 
ancient walls and what were once the 
smiling suburban gardens of Poseidonia 
frequented by the Romans will once more 
spread the perfume of their magic roses 
celebrated by the verses of Ovid, Virgil, 
Propertius, and Ausonius. 

What peculiar virtues the roses of 
Paestum had to produce the wonderful 
perfume is no longer known, and was due 
probably in a great measure to the soil, 
but even today the roses of Salerno and of 
Ravella, where Wagner had his villa, still 
retain a delicate perfume different from 
other roses. They have been planted all 
round the ruins of Paestum and along the 
motor road to the sea, and in coming 
years we shall know whether they have 
reacquired their ancient virtue. 



A Legend of Rosa Canina 

By MRS. J. T. HUGHES, Lexington, Ky. 



ONE autumn morning in the year 
814, Ludwig the Pious assembled 
his knights and dogs for a day of 
hunting in the forest. 

In their haste to begin the sport, the 
company could scarcely restrain its im- 
patience while the priest invoked God's 
blessing on them. As soon as the amen 
was pronounced they galloped away, 
leaving untasted the holy bread and wine 
used in the communion, on the ground 
where the priest had put them. 

Very soon a young rose bush was found 
growing on the spot and shadowing the 
sacrament. This bush grew miraculously. 

Now it happened that the Emperor 
Ludwig, while hunting that autumn day, 
had lost a holy relic he was wearing as a 
talisman. Some time afterward he sent 
one of his equerries to look for it. The 
equerry found it hanging on this wild rose 
bush, but so high he could not reach it. 
Ludwig, astonished at hearing this, went 
himself, and there in the depths of the 
forest he saw this exceedingly tall rose 
bush that had grown in the shape of the 



nave of the church. It was a mass oi 
bloom, and from the very top of it was 
hanging his lost reliquary. 

Ludwig ordered a church to be built on 
the spot, and the rose to be unharmed 
and trained to its wall. In the eleventh 
century this church was destroyed by 
fire, and Bishop Hezilo had it rebuilt, 
and again the roots of the rose bush 
were preserved and its branches were 
trained on the wall at the altar end ol 
the church. 

Today this wild rose at its base is 10 to 
12 feet in circumference and 25 feet high, 
and completely covers one side of the 
cathedral. This Catholic cathedral is in 
Hildesheim, a very quaint and antique- 
looking town in the province of Hanover, 
Germany. 

According to the German scientist and 
botanist. Baron von Humboldt, this wild 
rose is Rosa canina. 

Ludwig was the son of Charlemagne 
(742-814) who was one of the greatest 
figures in the world's records and the hero 
of the Middle Ages. 



Books Reviewed, continued from page 2 
Society, and the schedule for this year's show 
arc given, and the usual reports round out a full 
and varied volume. — G. A. S. 

Climbing Roses. By G. A. Stevens. 220 pp. 

The Macmillan Co. S2. 

To review a book which is of my own sugges- 
tion, and which was produced almost at my 
elbow by my enthusiastic and capable associate, 
Mr. G. A. Stevens, may seem immodest. Yet 
many years ago I was convinced, in a somewhat 
similar case, that it was unwise "to hide the 
light of a good article under the bushel of a false 
diflidence." 

Therefore, I can say with the confidence ot 
long and large experience with the rose and with 
rose literature that Climbing Roses is not only 
a good book but is also unique in the orderly 
frankness of its treatment of the class of roses 
which I confess to liking best of all, and in the 
meticulous care with which its extended "De- 
scriptive List of Varieties" has been compiled. 

If the beginner in rose-growing is to have but 
one rose, it ought to be a hardy climber, because 
it will almost inevitably make the beginner a 
rose-lover. He needs this book, which will tell 
him all about climbing roses in easy, untechnical 
language, and help him do his best with them. 

Apparently, my enthusiasm about this book — 
which mechanically is a $3 book at the $2 price 
because of sacrifices by the author and the 
printer — is joined in by the reviewers. Good 
words concerning it come from the editors of 
The Ladies Home Journal, of Country Life, of 
The Farm Journal, of The Country Gentleman, 
of Horticulture. The New York American speaks 
of it as "a very complete and useful volume. . . a 
valuable addition to our rose literature." 

The American Nurseryman says: "The book 
is worth the price for its illustrations alone. . . 
The author tells what climbing roses are; how 
they may best be grown anywhere in America. . . 
It is a forward-looking book." 

Interested comments from those growing and 
selling roses come from Peter I lenderson & Co., 
who say, "\Vc consider it the most valuable 
book we have ever seen in connection with 
climbing roses," and from Paul Stark, of Stark 
Brothers Nurseries, who says, "It fills a real 
want — splendid illustrations, etc." 

Every member of the American Rose Society 
needs this book. It can be had for $2 from the 
Secretary's office, or from The Macmillan 

Company, New York, or from any bookseller, 

though the quickest action will be obtained by 

buying as first suggested. — J. H. McF. 

Additions to Loan Library: 

1933 Australian Rose Annual, No. 47-4. 
1933 English Rose Annual, No. 46-25. 

Portland Rose Society 

The Portland Rose Society held its fall show 
on October 3-4, 1933, in the auditorium of the 
Meier & Frank Company's department store in 
Portland, Ore. The rose-lovers of the city trans- 



formed the large display-room into a veritable 
garden of roses. Thousands of blooms were dis- 
played, and more than two hundred amateurs 
vied for places of honor. Mrs. W. C. Seachrest 
won the grand sweepstakes with a perfect bloom 
of Dame Edith Helen. • i • n 

This was the largest and most beautiful lall 
rose show ever held by the Portland Rose 
Society. It was attended by more than four 
thousand persons and demonstrates clearly that 
interest in rose-culture in the city of Portland is 
increasing, for more people are growing and 
showing roses than ever before. 

The Roval Rosarians entered a large display 
from their gardens at the city park, and the city 
of Portland had the largest non-competitive dis- 
play at the show. Other large and colorful dis- 
plays were prepared by the Lambert Gardens, 
the Mountain View Floral Nurseries, Inc., and 
R. J. Hennessey. 

The Portland Rose Society is increasingly 
active and is looking forward to an unusually 
busy year in 1934 when the annual meeting of 
the American Rose Society will be held here in 
June. The Rose Society has a membership drive 
on at the present time and is doing everything 
in its power to make the 1934 meeting a reaj 
success. Quite a number of members were 
secured at the fall rose show, and each new 
member is given a rose bush free, the selections 
being from the newer and finer varieties. 

Both the Nicholson Bowl and the Bloomfield 
Trophy were on display at the show, the former 
presented by Mrs. Quimby L. Matthews and 
the latter bv Miss Alice R. Kendall. 

Mrs. Frank Eldon Smith, of the Portland 
Rose Society, was in charge of the show. The 
judges were Mr. and Mrs. Ben Maxwell, of 
Salem; R. J. Mennessey and W. J. Enschede, of 
Hillsboro; Homer Smith, of Salem; E. W. Ek 
and Clarence Porter, of Portland. 

— Quimby L. Matthews. 

Potomac Rose Society 

The first autumn exhibition of roses grown in 
the greater Washington, D. C, area, sponsored 
by the Potomac Rose Society, was held October 
13 and 14, in the new National Museum. The 
show was a cooperative effort of the lovers of 
roses, members of the Potomac Rose Society, 
and of the sectional Garden Clubs in Washing- 
ton, D. C, near-by Virginia, and xXIaryland. It 
was largely attended, and should increase the 
interest in better roses, both among those who 
grow them and the public in general. 

In character, color, size, fragrance, and foliage, 
many of the outdoor blooms were a joy to those 
who grew them, and the Washington public was 
more than pleased with them. Dr. Whitman 
Cross's exhibit of fall-blooming climbers, and 
that of Edward Gay Butler, Virginia Rose Trial- 
Gardens, Boyce, Va., showing varieties which do 
well in that area, were outstanding lessons and 
pointed the way to better roses. 

There were 133 exhibitors showing 880 blooms 
in singles and in vases, and 58 baskets of different 
sizes. In addition, the special exhibits of Whit- 
man Cross, Edward Gay Butler, The Conard- 



12 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



P.vIc Ca). of West Grove, Pa., The Potomac 
Rose Gardtns, and the United States Depart- 
ment ol' Agriculture greenhouses contained 
approximately 130 vases, making the total 
entries over 1,000. 

The prize-winners in the T. and I IT. classes 
were: Red roses— EtoIIe de lloilande, Charles 
K. Douglas, and Almc. Van do Voorde; wliite 
roses -W'liito Killarnev, White Alaman Cochet, 
;ind Mme. Jules Bouche; ligiit j)ink -William R. 
Smith and Mnie. Butteril\ ; deep pink — BriarclIH, 
Killarney, and Sou v. de Georges Pernet; >ellow 
— Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont, Souv. de Claudius 
Pc rnct, and Joanna liill. The sweepstakes rose 
was tlie Airs. Pierre S. du Pont, won by Mrs. 
Richard Mammett, JeOerson Park, Alexandria, 
Va. The salmon to orange winners were Feu 
Jose|)h Loo\nKins; other colors. President 
Ilerbert Hoover, Talisman, and Edith Nellie 
Perkins. 

riiere was an especially fmc display of Red 
l^adiance and Radiance. In the IIP.'s the blooms 
ol Frau Karl Druschki would have made an out- 
standing siiow themselves. The Silver Medal of 
the American Rose Society was won by Mrs. 
Richard Hammett, Jeflerson Park, Alexandria, 
Va., with her Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont rose, and 
the two Bronze Medals went to the Garden Clubs 
of Alexandria, Va., and Bethesda, Md., for their 
meritorious exhibits of outdoor roses. One of 
the features of the exhibit was a sterling silver 
rose vase, given bv the Washington Florists 
Exchange for the best Reel Radiance, in honor 
of William F. Gude, who propagated this rose. 
A silver vase was provided by Mrs. Henry Par- 
s(jns Erwin for best Garden Club exhibit and the 
Washington Evening Star contributed a silver 
vase to the best exhibit of florists' roses. 
Other valuable rose prizes were donated by 
cofiperating nurseries and went to excellent 
exhibits. — Dr. J. A. Gamble. 

CORRESPONDENCE 

The Kansas City Municipal Rose-Garden has 
certainly bloomed wonderfully this summer. I 
wish that you could see the blooms of Souv. de 
Georges Pernet — honestly, they are as large as 
saucers. There is only one bed that has not 
bloomed steadily. It is the bed we planted with 
Betty Uprichard, and the bushes are about three 
feet high, with only scattered blooms. I told the 
gardener to cut them down to half their height 
and spray thoroughly twice a week for a little 
while to destroy anything that may be eating 
the buds. The bushes are planted about twelve 
inches apart, and get so tall it is hard to reach 
the ground. Radiance and Red Radiance that 
enclose the Garden are fully that high. In this 
climate we have to take what will grow for us, 
but I am delighted that some newer varieties 
are doing exceedingly well this year. 

We are using Tri-ogen for spraying. In order 
to prove to the city that this is the best spray 
to use, 1 let them use my spray for the first 
month; then they let me order for them and 
returned what they had used. It is the best ever 
and a joy not to have the roses eaten up with 
aphides and worms and have the leaves drop o(f 



with black-spot. I have succeeded in getting a 
lot of people to use it. The foliage in our own 
garden is as clean and beautiful as can be. Thi 
only black-s|)ot in the Municipal Garden is on 
the new rose bushes, but there is very little. W t 
have used ground tobacco stems with great 
success. I like it better than {x-at-moss. 

— Laura Con'^ ers Smith, Missouri. 

In enlarging my rose-garden this year there 
was space for a dozen in a corner where the house 
entirely shaded the bed from the eastern and 
southern sun. The only sun possible on the bed 
is mid-afternoon western. I observed on our two 
longest June days that the maximum sun 
received by any plant was 33^2 hours, two plants 
in one corner receiving only 1 % hours. There is 
scarcely a noticeable difference in these two 
plants and the other ten, and about the same 
with these ten and others planted in the open. 
Mrs. Charles Bell was used in test. 

— K. N. Clapp, Texas. 

On page 132 in the last Rose Annual the wish 
is expressed that somebody knowing German 
whould tell what the name Johanniszauber 
means. The meaning of the name is simply this: 
Johannes, the Latin for John, is used in the 
German language. The translation of zauber is 
"enchantment." In a compound word like this 
there are some slight deviations, in this case 
Johannis instead of Johannes. A verbatim trans- 
lation would be "John's enchantment,"* but in 
Germany der Johannistag, St. John's Day, is 
synonymous with the climax of June's delight 
or enchantment. In this sense there is surely no 
more appropriate name for a rose than June's 
Delight or Enchantment, and I will name one 
of my best roses this way. The Spanish name, 
short and simple, would be "El Encanto." For 
American catalogues I would suggest that they 
should always give the right translation of such 
rose-names, very fine in their original language 
but meaningless for one not knowing these 
languages. 

And also, by the way, the rose Souvenir de 
Mme. Boullet is by far not only the very best 
bloomer, but also the best grower and most 
beautiful of all in shape and color. Next to it is 
E. G. Hill, then Los Angeles, Lady Margaret 
Stewart, Edith Nellie Perkins, and Etoile de 
I lollande. — Father Schoener. 

Our Society, the Amlci dei Fiori, has placed 
two gold medals at the disposal of the Governor 
of Rome, Prince Boncompagni Ludovisi, to be 
awarded in 1938 to the best two hybrids, foreign 
and Italian, of Rosa Moyesi or R. bracteata. The 
roses should be sent to the Colic Oppio rose- 
garden, Rome, not later than the autumn of 
1936, to be grown there two seasons. We hof^e 
to attract the attention of hybridizers to two 
species which have been barely explored as yet 
and which should offer possibilities. Think what 
Mermaid in other colors would be! 

*Shakespcare rendered it three centuries ago as Mid- 
summer Night's Dream. — G. A. S. 



I believe the Experimental Station of San 
i<{ ino means to offer similar prizes for the best 
new hybrids of Rosa odorata and R. gigantea. 

— Countess Senni, Italy. 

Our winter of 1932-33 was a rose-killer, the 
worst in my forty-one years' experience here as 
an amateur rose-grower. We often have lower 
temperatures here, but the conditions were just 
right to get our best plants, especially the 
climbers. The weather was nothing more than 
what the eastern climatologists tell us we should 
have every year with reference to roses. How- 
ever, we were indeed surprised when in late 
March we found all of our five hundred plants, 
save some of the species and such Pernetianas 
as Mme. Edouard Hcrriot and Le Reve, frozen 
to the ground, and a few, like Cecil, Mermaid, 
Everest, and my favorite Black Boy, never have 
shown irp. Must replace all but Everest. Inno- 
cence, standing next to it, was not killed and 
blooms all summer. Strange to say, Leonard 
Barron did not winter so well as Lady Hillingdon, 
but did not pass out, and Ami Quinard stood up 
better than Schwabenland — freak results! Seems 
so, but all enjoyed the same condition of uncover- 
edness. Only four of my eighteen pillar roses 
gave anything like the normal bloom. Le Reve, 
-\Ime. Sancy de Parabere, The Beacon, Roserie, 
Breeze Hill, Mme. Gregoire Staechelin, Glenn 
Dale, Bonnie Prince, Primrose, Papa Gouchault, 
Zcphirine Drouhin went to the ground, but were 
all up again. My Scorcher died down but has 
put on new wood and has given six or more 
blooms just like the illustration in "Climbing 
Roses." However, it will not take the place of 
Black Boy, which has the finest flowers on a 
pillar rose ever seen. 

Rosa Ecx is my one best shrub rose. Its blooni- 
Ing-time is the cue for the rose-blooming season. 
In 1931 it began blooming on April 27; 1932, 
April 30; 1933, iMay 1 3. It is always the first 
rose out, followed five days later by Hugonis. 
The season here this year was about two weeks 
later than normal. Von Scharnhorst is mighty 
good and "does its stuff" several times during 
the season. R. Jcptiday despite its becoming 
common, still thrills, and when in full bloom 
attracts all the attention. 

I planted a Blaze in April. It has had some 
very fine blooms, with larger and more petals 
than Paul's Scarlet Climber. But Vanguard, 
which I planted last year, has not bloomed, just 
makes fine foliage. Of new roses, Portadown 
Ivory proves to be the best white. Prof. Schmeil 
is a striped pink and yellow — unusual. Condesa 
de Sastago is just about Rosa Jcetida, with many 
petals; very pretty. Li Bures and Mari Dot give 
excellent roses that open freely. Talisman, 
floovcr, and Autumn, also Mevrouw G. A. van 
Kossem, have been a general disappointment in 
the June bloom, ill-shaped and off color. 

I note in the list of Climbers in "Climbing 
i^)ses" there are forty-one Bloomfields. I have 
only two of them. Exquisite and Dainty. Both 
went to earth last winter but both are up and 
blooming again. Exquisite is a free-blooming, 
free-opening Hermosa pink and fragrant, quite 



desirable. Dainty is a good bush show. Must 
try Courage as it is the only one of the forty-one 
favored with large type. Dr. Huey is the only 
other of Captain Thomas' creations in my 
garden. It was hit hard last winter but came 
through with fair blooms. 

The three rose shows of this region came off 
late: Boise on the 16th; Caldwell, the 17th; and 
Nampa, the 24th. None of them equaled last 
year in quality of roses, though Caldwell was 
nearly up in quantity, if not in quality. We were 
surprised that so many fairly good blooms could 
be brought together after such a rose-killing 
winter and spring. The judges' awards pleased 
us old promoters; most of them went to small 
gardens that had not won in former shows and 
had not entered exhibits. This makes for more 
rose interest. If the larger gardens win the 
prizes year after year, the tendency is for the 
others to quit. 

The American Rose Society's furnishing 
medals is a mighty stimulus in rose-growing here. 
We old-timers most sincerely thank you for your 
interest. — W. J. Boone, Idaho. 

Instead of spending "depression" money for 
novelties, I have been combing the pages of 
catalogues the past two seasons for the old 
reliables that are still offered and that I have 
never tried nor seen. It isn't quite as thrilling 
as watching the new stuff, but it eliminates a lot 
of speculation and results in the acquisition of a 
much higher percentage of dependably perma- 
nent plants. 

Several years ago I had an unusual experience 
with Silver Moon. I pruned enormous plants 
severely in the spring, and every flower that 
bloomed on the remaining wood came fully 
double. Someone else might try it where they 
have Silver Moon running riot all over the place. 
They'll get a real surprise in finding what Silver 
Moon can do, I believe. 

About the only satisfaction one gets this year 
comes in the garden. I have noticed that eco- 
nomic laws and supply and demand and currency 
and beer and war debts and reparations and the 
tariff don't seem to have much effect on the way 
roses perform. A lot of folks might, it seerns to 
me, take a lesson therefrom — by tending strictly 
to the job in hand, day by day. 

— Aden Hyde, Idaho. 

We have been using Massey Dust as a pre- 
ventive against insects and fungus in the rose- 
garden maintained by the city of Des Moines. 
A check-up on August 7 showed that the garden 
was about 95 per cent free of infection, which we 
think is an excellent record. 

On October 22 we are going over about 92 
per cent clean on all roses, including Hybrid 
Perpetuals, Polyanthas and Climbers. We have 
used nothing but the Massey Dust about every 
ten days and plenty of water, keeping the plants 
growing all the time. This builds up resistance 
to keep off some of the diseases that plants are 
subject to during the hot weather. 

— Herman Roller, Iowa. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



Medals and Special Awards for 1933 



The Nicholson Perpetual 
Challenge Bowl 

To Mrs. Ouimby L. Matthews, Portland, Ore, 
lor her basket of 25 Mme. Edouard Herriot, 
awarded by the American Rose Society, at 
the show of the Porthind Rose Society, Port- 
land, Ore., June 8. 

Gold Medals 

To tlie Joseph II. Mill Co., Richmond, Ind., for 
Better Times, at the Twentieth International 
Flower Show, New York City, March 20-25, 
and at the Phihidelphia Flower Show, Phila- 
delphia, March 27-ApriI 1. 

To J. Horace McFarland, Harrisburg, Pa., for 
"Mis long devotion to this Society and his un- 
stinted effort to the advancement of the Rose 
in America," bv the American Rose Society at 
its annual meeting in Boston, June 27, 28. 

To Harriet Risley Foote, Marblehead, Mass., for 
"The beautiful rose-gardens she has made," by 
The American Rose Society on its visit to her 
garden in Marblehead, June 27, 28. 

Silver Medals 

To Nicolas Grillo, Milldale, Conn., for American 
Pride, at the Twentieth International Flower 
Show, New York City, March 20-25, and at 
the Philadelphia Flower Show, Philadt Iphia, 
March 27-ApriI 1. 

To Mrs. S. Frank Poole, Lake Alfred, Fla., for 
Best Display of Roses for Educational and 
Decorative Value, at the show of the Florida 
Rose Society, Lake Alfred, April 12. 

To F. H. Lane, Chula Vista, Calif., for Best 
Collection Roses, 10 Varieties — 2 Blooms of 
Each, at the show of the San Diego Floral 
Association, San Diego, Calif., April 22. 

To F. E. Lee, Atlanta, Ga., for Most Blue and 
Red Ribbons, at the show of the Druid Hills 
Garden Club, Atlanta, Ga., May 5. 

To Mrs. J. C. Fox, Fort Worth, Texas, for Most 
Blue Ribbons, at the show of the Tarrant 
County Rose Society, Fort Worth, Texas, 
May 9. 

To Mrs. W. J. Dobbs, Chattanooga, Tenn., for 
Largest and Best Collection of Hybrid Tea 
Roses, at the show of the Chattanooga Rose 
Society, Chattanooga, Tenn., May 15. 

To C. M. Speese, Roanoke, Va., for Best Rose in 
Show (Comtesse Vandal) at the show of the 
Roanoke Rose Society, Roanoke, Va., May 24. 

To Mrs. Edgar Brown, KnoxvIIle, Tenn., for 
Best Hybrid Tea Specimen, at the show of the 
Knoxville Rose Society, Knoxville, Tenn., 
May 25. 

To Dr. W. W. Point, Charleston, W. Va., for 
3 Leonard Barron Roses, at the show of the 
Charleston Rose Society, Charleston, W. Va., 
May 26. 

To Mrs. Edgar Dobson, Annapolis, Md., for 
Hybrid Tea Class, at the show of the Maryland 
Rose Society, Baltimore, Md., May 30. 



To Robert Shanks, Arlington, N. J., for Best Rose 
in the Show, at the show of the Kearny and 
Arlington Garden Club, Arlington, N.J. , June 3. 

To Miss Izanna Chamberlain, Hollywood, Calif., 
for Most Meritorious Exhibit in the Show, at 
the show of the Iowa Rose Society, Des 
Moines, Iowa, June 10. 

1 o Mrs. M. O. Morgan, Seattle, Wash., for Mrs. 
Sam McGredy, at the show of the Seattle 
Rose Society, Seattle, Wash., June 17. 

To Clarence A. Davis, Buffalo, N. Y., for Best 
Exhibit of Roses Introduced in 1927 or Later 
at the show of the Niagara Frontier Rose 
Society, Buffalo, N. Y., June 17. 

To B. L. Newell, Caldwell, Idaho, for Best Indi- 
vidual Rose, at show of the Caldwell Rose 
Societv, Caldwell, Idaho, June 17. 

To F. W. Robinson, Detroit, Mich., for Most 
Prizes, at the show of the Detroit Rose 
Society, Detroit, Mich., June 20. 

To W. O. Ingle, Rochester, N. Y., at the show of 
the Rochester Rose Society, Rochester, N. Y., 
June 24. 

To Joseph Breck & Sons, Boston, Mass., for Bed 
(100 Square Feet) of Hybrid Teas, at the show 
of the Massachusetts Horticultural Societv, 
Boston, Mass., June 28. 

To Thomas Roland, Inc., for Bed (100 Square 
Feet) of Hybrid Teas, at the show of the Mass- 
achusetts Horticultural Society, Boston, Mass., 
June 28. 

To W. W. Edgar Co., for Bed (100 Square 
Feet) of Hybrid Teas, at the show of the 
Massachusetts Horticultural Society, Boston, 
Mass., June 28. 

To Mrs. Roger Conant Hatch, Cohassct, Mass., for 
Rose Display at the show of the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society, Boston, Mass., June 28. 

To Mrs. Walter D. Brownell, Little Compton, 
R. I., for Best Bloom in Show (Mrs. Arthur 
Curtiss James), at the show of the Massachu- 
setts Horticultural Society, Boston, Mass., 
June 28. 

To M. B. Hickson, Lynchburg, Va., at the show 
of the Old Fort Garden Club, Lynchburg, Va., 
October 3. 

To Mrs. Richard Hammett, Alexandria, Va., for 
Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont, at the show of the 
Potomac Rose Society, Washington, D. C, 
October 13. 

To Mrs. J. R. Batey, Port Arthur, Texas, for 
Best 6 Red Radiance Roses, at the show of the 
Port Arthur Rose Club, Port Arthur, Texas, 
November 4. 

Sterling Silver Bud Vases 

To Dr. T. Allen Kirk, Roanoke, Va., for Out- 
standing Exhibit of Roses at the show of the 
Roanoke Rose Society, Roanoke, Va., May 24, 

To Mrs. George E. Burtis, Kansas City, Mo., 
for Best Rose of the Show at the show of thi 
Kansas City Rose Society, Kansas City, Mo , 
May 27. 

To Mrs. James H. Dyerle, Harrisonburg, Va , 
for Best Rose in the Show, at the show of the 
Garden Club of Virginia, Orange, Va., June 6. 



Bronze Medals 

To D. K. Stabler, Lake Wales, Fla., for Private 
Gardens, at the show of the Florida Rose 
Society, Lake Alfred, Fla., April 12. 

To H. C. Handleman, Lake Wales, Fla., for 
Commercial Exhibit at the show of the Florida 
Rose Societv, Lake Alfred, Fla., April 12. 

To Mrs. F. H. Lane, Chula Vista, Calif., for 
Best-arranged Basket, More than One Variety 
at the show of the San Diego Floral Asso- 
ciation, San Diego, Calif., April 22. 

To E. R. Bliss, Jr., Coronado, Calif., for Best 
Collection Roses, 5 Varieties, 2 Blooms Each, 
at the show of the San Diego Floral Associa- 
tion, San Diego, Calif., April 22. 

To Mrs. J. C. Fox, Fort Worth, Texas, for Best 
Rose in the Show at the show of the Tarrant 
County Rose Society, Fort Worth, Texas, 
May 9 

To Clem Nance, Fort Worth, Texas, for Sweep- 
stake Prize, at the show of the Tarrant County 
Rose Society, Fort Worth, Texas, May 9. 

To Mrs. Irene L. Lamb, Chattanooga, Tenn., for 
Best Single Polyantha, at the show of the Chat- 
tanooga Rose Society, Chattanooga, Tenn., 
May 15. 

To Mrs. D. A. Jewell, Chattanooga, Tenn., for 
Largest Collection of Climbers of Different 
Varieties, at the show of the Chattanooga Rose 
Society, Chattanooga, Tenn., May 15. 

To Mrs. T. W. Goodwin, Roanoke, Va., for Best 
Arrangement in Show, at the show of the 
Roanoke Rose Society, Roanoke, Va., May 24. 

To Alleghaney Garden Club, for Best Garden 
Club exhibit, at the show of the Roanoke Rose 
Society, Roanoke, Va., May 24. 

To Mrs. Fred Murphy, Knoxville, Tenn., for 
Best Hybrid Tea, Third Prize, at the show of 
the Knoxville Rose Society, Knoxville, Tenn., 
May 25. 

To Mrs. W. A. Chesney, Knoxville, Tenn., for 
Best Hybrid Tea, Second Prize, at the show of 
the Knoxville Rose Society, Knoxville, Tenn., 
May 25. 

To Mrs. Gwynn Nicholson, Charleston, W. Va., 
lor Best Spray of Climbing Roses (Mary 
Wallace), at the show of the Charleston Rose 
Society, Charleston, W. Va., May 26. 

To Mrs. A. Q. Smith, Charleston,^ W. Va., for 
Best Hybrid Perpetual (Gloire de Chedane- 
Guinoisseau), at the show of the Charleston 
Rose Society, Charleston, W. Va., May 26. 

To Mrs. Harry Swope, for Hybrid Perpetual, 
at the show of the Maryland Rose Society, 
Baltimore, Md., May 30. 

To Mrs. Eugene Lazenby, for Artistic Arrange- 
ment of Roses, at the show of the Maryland 
Rose Society, Baltimore, Md., May 30. 

To Robert Shanks, Arlington, N. J., at the show 
of the Kearny and Arlington Garden Club, 
Arlington, N. J., June 3. 

To Mrs. Lewis B. Willis, Orange, Va., for Ar- 
rangement of Flowers with Roses Predominat- 
ing, at the show of the Garden Club of Virginia, 
Orange, Va., June 6. 

To I^oger O. Wine, Harrisonburg, Va., for Col- 
lection of Hybrid Teas, at the show of the 
Garden Club of Virginia, Orange, Va., June 6. 



To Mrs. Forrester Scott, Merion, Pa., for Highest 
Number of Blue Ribbon Points in Specified 
Classes, at the show of the Garden Club of 
Bala-Cynwyd, Bala-Cynwyd, Pa., June 7. 

To Mrs. E. R. Hinton, Seattle, Wash., for Julien 
Potin, at the show of the Seattle Rose Society, 
Seattle, Wash., June 17. 

To Frank G. Oliver, Buffalo, N. Y., for Second- 
Best Exhibit Box of Nine Named Roses, at the 
show of the Niagara Frontier Rose Society, 
Buffalo, N. Y., June 17. 

To F. J. Henry, Buffalo, NJ. Y., for Best Exhibit 
of 3 Hybrid Teas of Different Colors at the 
show of the Niagara Frontier Rose Society, 
Buffalo, N. Y., June 17. 

To Mrs. Paul Murphy, Caldwell, Idaho, for Best 
6 Roses, 6 Varieties in Single Container, at the 
show of the Caldwell Rose Society, Caldwell, 
Idaho, June 17. 

To Fred Mitchell, Cald\yell, Idaho, for Best 3 
Roses, 3 Varieties in Single Container, at the 
show of the Caldwell Rose Society, Caldwell, 
Idaho, June 17. 

To E. E. Starkweather, Detroit, Mich., for His 
Own Seedling of a Yellow Rugosa, at the show 
of the Detroit Rose Society, Detroit, Mich., 
June 20. 

To William Zombory, Detroit, Mich., for Best 
Specimen of a New Rose Since 1931, at the 
show of the Detroit Rose Society, Detroit, 
Mich., June 20. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Bruce Stannard, Binghamton, 
N. Y., for Best Rose in the Show, at the show of 
the Garden Clubof Binghamton, N.Y., June 24. 

To Mrs. Laura M. Johnson, Bellingham, Wash., 
for Second-Best Rose in Show, at the show of 
the Bellingham Rose Society, Bellingham, 
Wash., June 24. 

To Robert Shanks, Arlington, N. J., Best Rose 
in the Show, at the show of the Kearny and 
Arlington Garden Club, Arlington, N. J., 
September 23. 

To Mrs. S. H. Franklin, Lynchburg, Va., for 
Best Collection, at the show of the Old Fort 
Garden Club, Lynchburg, Va., October 3. 

To Garden Club of Alexandria, Va., for Meritor- 
ious Exhibit of Outdoor Roses, at the show of 
the Potomac Rose Society, Washington, D. C, 
October 13. 

To Garden Club of Bethesda, Md., for Meri- 
torious Exhibit of Outdoor Roses, at the show 
of the Potomac Rose Society, Washington, D. C, 
October 13. 

To Mrs. R. H. Woodworth, Port Arthur, Texas, 
for Best 3 Red Radiance Roses, at the show of 
the Port Arthur Rose Club, Port Arthur, Texas, 
November 4. 

To Mrs. George Pohl, Griffing Park, Texas, for 
Best Basket Red Radiance Roses, at the show 
of the Port Arthur Rose Club, Port Arthur, 
Texas, November 4. 

A Silver and two Bronze Medals were issued 
to the Jackson Rose Society, of Jackson, Miss., 
to be awarded at their Rose Show on May 12, but 
the officers of that Society have not reported to 
whom the Medals were given. 

The Seattle Rose Society has in its possession 
one Bronze Medal not awarded. 



Message to Members 



This issue of the American Rose Maga- 
zine closes the first year of its existence. 
It has been received enthusiastically by 
all the members who have troubled them- 
selves to write the Editors about it, and 
there is an evident desire on their part 
for it to be continued. The Editors share 
in this desire, because they believe that 
as time goes on it can be made much more 
interesting and valuable, since it afl'ords 
a means of frequent communication 
between the officials and the members of 
the Society, as well as between the mem- 
bers themselves. The Editors ask your 
continued support and encouragement in 
this effort. 

"Proof of the Pudding" 

The Editors will be glad to receive con- 
tributions to the "Proof of the Pudding'' 
promptly. This material should be in 
hand before the end of December in 
order that he may be able to incorporate 
it into the Annual. If you have not 
already sent in your reports, please let us 
have them promptly. 

The Editors are also grateful for brief 
notes of interest and short articles which 
may be published in the Magazine or in 
the Annual. Please do not rely upon 
newspaper clippings. They are difficult 
to handle because they always require 
rewriting or a great deal of editing, and 
in many cases their angle of interest is so 
extremely local that they are not suited 
for national publication. 

Membership Dues 

Elsewhere the Editor and the Secre- 
tary have urged all members to pay their 
dues now, thus avoiding the expense of 
preparing and mailing individual bills. 
With our reduced income, every saving 
that can be made in postage and office 
expense can be devoted to maintaining 
the Annual and the Magazine up to their 
usual standard. 

Foreign Members 

Several members in foreign countries 



have inquired how their dues should be 
paid under the disturbed conditions ol 
foreign exchange. It is only fair that 
those who had difficulty in paying their 
dues at the time when the American 
dollar was at a premium should take 
advantage of the more favorable oppor- 
tunity now presented. The procedure is 
simply to purchase an international 
money order for $3.50 at the rate of 
exchange existing on the date when the 
order is purchased. 

A previous arrangement by which 
members in France paid their dues at the 
pre-war rate of exchange is canceled. 

New Members 

Really interested rose-growers are in- 
vited to membership. We need many 
more such, and the officers urge you to 
encourage anyone who you think ought 
to belong, to unite with us. New mem- 
bers may have membership for the 
remainder of 1933 and all of 1934 for 
$5.00, receiving the publications of both 
years. Doubtless some of your friends 
would be glad to take advantage of this 
opportunity if it were presented to them. 

Special Membership 

It has been arranged to provide a 
Special Membership at the rate of $5.00 
per year, for which new members will 
receive, in addition to all the usual pul)- 
lications, two copies of the American Rose 
Annual of years previous to 1933, with 
the exception of those which are scarce or 
out of print. We still have a fair stock ot 
the older Annuals, all of which are just 
as interesting and just as fresh to ne\v 
members as the current issues. This 
special opportunity should interest them, 
for it provides a real saving, as the old 
Annuals are held at SI. 00 each, witli 
necessary exceptions. Those who wish t(> 
renew their membership for 1934 at tlic 
$5.00 rate will be sent a copy of the new 
book "Climbing Roses" (see page 11), 
published at $2, thus saving 50 cents. 



Secretary American Rose Society, IIarrisbukg, Pa. 
Please enrcAl me as a member for 1934 as checked: 



Renewal 
$3.50 



Renewal 
Special, $5 



New 
$3.50 



New 
Special, $5 



3 years 
$10 



Sustaining 
$10 



The remittance enclosed for the amount checked includes 75 cents for one year's subscription 
to the American Rose Magazine. 



January-Februaiy, 1934 



Edited hy 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G.A.Stevens 




RULES, RULES? 

HOW I hate rules and regulations! So do "you-all" if you are 
normal Americans. But we must have them to keep square 
with each other. 

For many years we who do the inconspicuous thmgs that 
make the American Rose Society's wheels go round have wanted to 
see the old rules and regulations revised and adapted to the great 
"national" flower shows in which the commercial giants compete. We 
want rules made simple, easy, and effective for that vast majority of 
our membership which is not professional. 

We want the rose shows, hundreds of them, to escape into June 
and September. We want such shows to be so easy that anyone \vith 
just one verv best rose may bring it for display, judging, and a possible 
prize. A Committee was appointed last June at the Boston meeting. 
The members are at work now. They need your suggestions, comments, 
"kicks" — anything but your silence. Come along! 

RENEWALS AND NEW MEMBERS 

The Secretary is delighted at your response to the December 
membership request. It saved the Society much money. 

But you didn't all come along. Come now without being expensively 
dunned. Now, too, is the time to bring along your rose-friend. Make 
him a member, with his money or with yours. 

THE NEW COVER 

The American Rose Magazine has a new face in the middle of 
which these words are trying to smile. How do you like it? 



'■yy^ 



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itlishedW The American Rose Society, Harristuri,Pa. 

2,5<? a copy • $1.50 a year 



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MAKE CHECKS PAYABLE TO THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 



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TIGHT BINDING TEXT CUT OFF 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G. A. Stevens 

Published bi-montbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 



Subscription price: To members of the American Rose 
Sodety 7? cS.'k year. 15 cts. a copy, wbxcb amount is 

^"to'ill i"heJs""$T50l"rca/. A'cTs. a copy. ^ . 

EnttredtJIcond-cIass'matteratth^ 
burg, Pa., under th e act of March 3, l»/V- 

Vol. I, No. 7 1 934 January-February 

IF ALL goes well, you will find in this 
issue another reminder that member- 
ship fees are due. The response to 
Dr McFarland's eloquent call for early 
payment of dues in the November- 
December Magazine was very gratifying, 
but we must still urge those who have 
not yet renewed their membership to do 

so promptly. » i i c 

Affiliated members who belong to bus- 
taining Member Clubs and Affiliated 
Societies should pay their dues to the 
Secretary or Treasurer of such organiza- 
tions, who will forward them to this 
office in due course. 

Rose Events 

The March-April Magazine should 
carry announcements of the principal 
rose events of the coming season. Notices 
of meetings of divisional conferences, 
exhibitions, pilgrimages and such happen- 
ings should be sent to the Editor in plenty 
of time for that issue. 

Members' Handbook 

We also hope to reprint the Members' 
Handbook about March L For that use- 
ful volume we need a corrected list of 
"Rose-Gardens Open to Members." So, 
if you think any member of the American 
Rose Society would be interested in 
visiting your garden should he be in the 
vicinity, please tell us about it, so that 
your garden may be included in the list. 
State where the garden is, approximately 
how many roses are in it, what time of the 
day or week it is open, and whether a 
previous appointment is necessary. 



New Rules for Judging Roses 

Particular attention is called to the 
report of the Committee on Awards which 
is published in this issue. This report is 
not final; these rules have not yet been 
adopted. If you have any suggestions or 
objections, send them along promptly so 
that they may have consideration before 
the report is acted on by the Trustees. 

Annual Meeting 

It is not too soon to begin planning to 
go to the Portland meeting in June. Mr. 
Creed's hearty invitation on behalf of the 
Portland Rose Society promises an inter- 
esting meeting and a good time for all 
who go. The Secretary is anxious to 
know how many may be contemplating 
the trip. It may be possible to provide a 
special car or cars to carry the group from 
Chicago or some other mid-west point if 
enough eastern members are going. 

Disease-Control Campaign 

The Committee of Disease Control, 
which was authorized by the Trustees at 
Boston last summer, has worked out an 
interesting piogram in a general campaign 
against black-spot, mildew, and other dis- 
eases in the gardens of all members who 
cooperate to the extent of following 
the Committee's instructions, and keep- 
ing simple records. 

Dr. L. M. Massey, Chairman of the 
Committee, will describe this plan fully in 
the next Annual; but those whose roses 
begin to grow before March 15 ought to 
ask for details at once. 

Dr. SuUiger 

You will be glad to learn that our Vice- 
President, Dr. Spencer S. Sulliger, is 
slowly recovering from his severe illness. 
We quote a recent letter from Mrs. 
Sulliger to the President: 

Dear Mr. Wright: While Dr. Sulliger seems to 
be gaining, it is slow; and yet seems steady. He 
sits up each day from three to four hours. We 
hope he may be out and around by spring. But 
in any case it will be impossible for him to have 
any further responsibility for any work. We 
deeply appreciate all that has been given him, 
but it will be necessary to get someone else to 
carry on the work he so loved. 

We are hoping for a great year for the Ameri- 
can Rose Society, and the Coast is eagerly 
waiting to welcome you to our great Northwest. 

Dr. Sulliger wishes to be remembered to 
you all. Sincerely, ^^^^ ^^ Sulliger. 



Portland Invites You 

By E. V. CREED, President The Portland Rose Society 



GREETINGS, American Rose So- 
ciety folk, from your friends in 
Portland who are looking forward 
witn a genuine pleasure to your visit 
with us next June. I want to take just a 
paragraph or two to tell you a little of the 
plans under way in our city; then spend 
the rest of the space allotted to me in 
picturing briefly some of the pleasures 
that will be yours — some of the attrac- 
tions that we know will strike a responsive 
chord in yourselves. 

The American Rose Society sessions 
will be held June 11 and 12. In obser- 
vance of this occasion, the Portland Rose 
Society and Portland Garden Club are 
planning their annual outdoor exhibits or 
shows to be held simultaneously in 
Laurelhurst Park, one of the alluring 
natural beauty-spots of Portland. These 
are exhibits of wondrous beautv. Our own 
people turn out by the thousands each 
year to admire the handiwork of Nature 
combined with that of man. 

With the Portland Rose Society, the 
Portland Chamber of Commerce is con- 
ducting a campaign to increase the plant- 
ing of roses this winter. Portland, for 
many years known as "The Rose City," 
is determined that it will live up to its 
name in the future to even a greater 
degree than in the past. 

The outstanding event each year is the 
gorgeous Rose Festival which will be held 
while you are here. Gorgeous floats, 
decorated with millions upon millions of 
blossoms, will roll through Portland's 
streets, mile on mile, and always the 
throngs who witness the spectacle go 
away convinced that it was even greater 
than that of the year before. In connec- 
tion with the Festival, Portland's school 
children appear in mass drills and dances. 
A regatta is held on the Willamette River. 
These are only units of the great celebra- 
tion, any one of which is worth your time. 

Portland itself has a charm and allure- 
ment in surroundings unexcelled by any 
other large community in America. And 
these are not distant, necessitating a trip of 
two or three days. They are at the city's 
very door, some of them within her 



corporate borders and others right on 
the edge. 

In an hour-and-a-half's drive from the 
sunshine and roses of Portland you can 
be up in the crisp, frosty air of Mt. Hood's 
snow-fields and glaciers. 

If you like to whip a stream for trout, 
your pleasure awaits you a scant half- 
hour from the city. If you want the thrill 
of hooking on to a 40-pound salmon — 
and there are sportsmen who come clear 
across the continent and go away happy 
if they land but one — that thrill is yours 
below the falls in the Willamette River 
at Oregon City, not more than a dozen 
miles from Portland. 

Perhaps it is the mountains that call 
you , a foot- or saddle-trail that takes you 
through vast stands of forest, along the 
rim of shimmering, jewel-like lakes, under 
the foot of peaks with their eternal snow- 
clad sides towering into the skies. In less 
than two hours from Portland you can be 
in the depths of mountain forests that 
seem a thousand miles from the hurry 
and stir of any city. 

Oregon's magnificent beaches — where 
the sun bids America "Good night" — are 
less than three hours from Portland. 
Visiting them, one may make a boat 
trip down the historic Columbia if he 
desires. 

The world-famed Columbia River 
Highway starts eastward through the 
wondrous gorge of the Columbia from 
the very edge of Portland. An hour's 
drive carries you to some of the greatest 
scenic spots on this magnificent drive: to 
the Vista House, perched on the top of a 
mighty cliff^ some 700 feet straight above 
the great river where you may look out 
over a vast stretch of Oregon and of 
Washington lying just across the stream; 
to Multnomah Falls leaping down a 
sheer 625 feet in a roaring, mystic white. 
Words are futile in describing the mag- 
nificence, the awe-inspiring grandeur of 
this highway hewn out of the towering 
rock-walled gorge which the river cut 
through the Cascade Mountains in endless 
centuries of toil. 

The Mt. Hood Loop Highway, which 



9 f 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



marks another conquest of man, circles 
Mt. Hood towering 11,225 feet into the 
heavens, starts from Portlands doors. 
The Port of Portland Airport on bwan 
Island, located in the Willamette Riyer 
harbor a scant ten mmutes from the 
city's center, always proves a delight and 
source of wonder to the visitor, it is 
constructed on a large island, leveled otl 
and equipped with the best in airport 
facilities. The island, circled by an 
automobile drive, is kept as green as a 
carefully tended lawn and is planted 

with roses. , . 

Portland's parks, some with their 
natural lakes and virgin timber that has 
been preserved within their borders and 
beautified bv wondrous rose-gardens, 
other plants and shrubbery, are them- 
selves worth a day of your time. 

Twenty private, public and municipal 
golf-courses are at your command in 
Portland. Streams, lakes, shady trees. 



flowers, and turf forever green combine 
to make them among the most beautitul 

on the continent. 

Climate is unexcelled as an all-year 
(jiet— spring, summer, and fall ot the most 
delightful weather. 

Scenery— a world of green, dotted with 
fields, etched with streams of sluggish 
blue and shimmering silver, ridged with 
mountains from whose crests caps ot white 
caress the skies. 

In short, all Nature's resources are at 
your command: wild game, fishing, boat- 
ing climbing snow-clad mountains, hikes 
and horseback trips of hours or weeks, 
the pleasures of her mountains, her sea- 
shores, her lakes and rivers. ^ „ . ,, 

And, above all, you will find a friendly 
hand, a cordial welcome everywhere you 
turn. Oregon is a land of hospitality. 
It welcomes the newcomer and visitor 
today just as its pioneers welcomed 
those who came after them. 



Report of the Committee on Awards 



AT THE Annual Meeting in Boston 
ZX last June the following Committee 
l\ was appointed to revise the So- 
ciety's rules for the award of medals to 
novelties and to exhibits at amateur rose 
shows: 

R Marion Hatton, West Grove, Pa.. Chairman 

J. H. Nicolas, Newark, N. Y. 

G. A. Stevens, Box 687, Harrisburg, Fa. 

Later, upon the request of the Chair- 
man, the following members were added: 

Forrest L. Hieatt, Box 865, San Diego, Calif. 

Robert Simpson, Clifton, N. J. 

Alfred C. Hottes, Better Homes & Gardens, 

Des Moines, Iowa. r- j 

Leonard Barron, The American Home, Garden 

'or. T. Allen Kirk, 109 Grandin Road, Roa- 

"""r^.' A.'^Gilliam, 1123 Cedar Hill Ave., Station 

A, Dallas, Texas. t^.- i a ^ 

George F. Middleton, 1421 Third Ave., 

Seattle, Wash. 

After several conferences of such mem- 
bers of the Committee as could get 
together and several months' correspon- 
dence with the others, the Chairman has 
submitted the following tentative set of 



rules which will be acted upon by the 
Trustees at their next meeting. Comment 
and criticism of these new rules will be 
welcomed by the Chairman and various 
members of the Committee. You arc 
urged to communicate with them directly 
and as soon as possible in order that a 
revised set of rules may be submitted to 
the Trustees at their meeting. 

Amateur Shows 

RULES GOVERNING AWARDS OF 

MEDALS TO COMPETITORS AT 

AMATEUR ROSE SHOWS 

Sustaining Member Clubs and Affiliated 
Societies 

may offer one Silver and two Bronze Medals of 
the American Rose Society at any Rose bhow 
(or any flower show where Rose classes predomi- 
nate) upon condition that the Secretary ot the 
American Rose Society, having been notihed m 
advance, has authorized such prizes; provided 
that the judging at the Show is conducted 
according to the rules of the American Host 
Society, by members of the American Rose 
Society, and that the awards, certified by t c 
Judges, shall be reported to the Secretary ot the 
American Rose Society within two weeks alter 
the Show. 



Awards to Non-Members 

An Annual Membership in the American Rose 
Society may be offered as a prize, in classes tor 
non-members only, at any Rose Show m the 
United States or Canada (or any flower show 
where Rose classes predominate) on condition 
that the Secretary of the American Rose Society, 
having been notified in advance, has authorized 
offering the prize and that the award shall be 
confirmed to him within two weeks after the 
Show. American Rose Society Judges are not 
required in this case. 

Rules for American Rose Society Judges 

American Rose Society Judges must disqualify 
exhibits that are wrongly named or not worthy. 

Blooms of Teas, Hybrid Teas, and Hybrid 
Perpetuals must have been grown disbudded, 
side buds will disqualify the bloom, evidence ot 
very recent disbudding will be penalized at 
half the score for stems. 

To be considered a bloom, the flowers must be 
sufficiently open, that its form and character 
may be observed. 

"Buds" will not qualify as "blooms." 

Except in decorative arrangements and dis- 
plays of Climbers and Ramblers, sections ot 
canes with more than one bloom lateral will not 
be considered. 

American Rose Society Judges must know 
whether a particular bloom is true to type m 
form, size, and color, and must not discriminate 
between types because of personal prejudice. 

SCORE OF POINTS 
Teas, Hybrid Teas, and Hybrid Perpetuals 

Cut blooms exhibited in vases: 

Form ^0 

Color ?2 

Size ^5 

Stem!! }0 

Foliage ^5 

Polyanthas and Polyantha Pompons 

Sprays of bloom exhibited in vases: 

Size of Flowers 20 

Color 20 

Number of Flowers in Spray 20 

Foliage • 20 

Quality and Condition of Bloom ... 20 



Large-flowered Climbers 

Bloom laterals exhibited in vases: 
Size of Flowers 



30 

Color 30 

Foliage 20 

Quality and Condition of Bloom ... 20 



Small-flowered Ramblers 

Bloom laterals exhibited in vases: 

Color •• ^2 

Number of Flowers in Spray ^^J 

Quality and Condition of Bloom . . 
Foliage 



30 
20 



Shrubs, Species, and All Roses Not Otherwise 

Specified 

Bloom laterals exhibited in vases: 

Quality ^0 

Foliage ^^ 



Arrangements 

Large vases, baskets, bowls, etc., of Roses, 
gardless of the type of bloom used: 



re 



Arrangement 



50 



Quality of Bloom ^0 

Foliage 20 

Novelties 

RULES GOVERNING AWARDS OF 
MEDALS FOR NEW VARIETIES 

A Gold Medal may be awarded to the origi- 
nator, or his assigns, for a new seedling Rose not 
yet disseminated*, whether of domestic or 
foreign origin, which scores not less than 90 
points, judged upon the official scale of the 
American Rose Society and m accordance with 
the rules of the American Rose Society, provided 
(1) that the Rose has been duly registered with 
the American Rose Society and (2) that it has 
been judged by three accredited Judges of the 
American Rose Society assigned by the Secretary. 

A Silver Medal may be awarded to the dis- 
coverer, or his assigns, for a meritorious sport not 
yet disseminated*, whether of domestic or 
foreign origin, which scores not less than 90 
points under the same conditions. 

To be judged for these awards, at least 12 
blooms of a Florists' Variety or 4 potted plants 
of a Garden Variety must be shown. 

Although an undisseminated Novelty Rose 
may be awarded these honors at different shows, 
it is understood that only one medal will be 
delivered. 

The Executive Committee of the American 
Rose Society shall appoint competent Judges in 
different sections who may be assigned by the 
Secretary to judge all Novelty Roses competing 
for the Society's Medals. 

Requests for Judges to judge Novelties must 
be made to the Secretary of the American Rose 
Society, Harrisburg, Pa., at least 30 days before 
they are to be scored. 

♦A variety which cannot be exhibited by other than the 
originator, or his authorized agent, is considered undis- 
seminated. 



I 



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THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Garden varieties may be scored while bloom- 
ing in a garden provided arrangements are 
made with the Secretary and the owner of the 
plants bears the expense of the judging. 

In judging garden Roses blooming in the 
garden, it is not necessary that the three judges 
examine the Roses simultaneously. 

Medals must not be awarded to any Rose 
exhibited under a name different from that 
given to it by its originator. 

SCALE OF POINTS FOR JUDGING 
NOVELTIES 

Teas, Hybrid Teas, and Hybrid Perpetuals 

Florists' Varieties, Cut-Flowers: 

Size 10 

Color 15 

Stem 15 

Form 15 

Substance 10 

Foliage 10 

Fragrance 10 

Distinctiveness or Novelty 15 

Garden Varieties, Potted Plants or Plants in 
Gardens: 

Color 15 

Stem 10 

Form 15 

Habit, Vigor and Foliage 20 

Fragrance 15 

Distinctiveness or Novelty 25 



Polyanthas, Potted Plants, or Plants in 
Gardens 

Color 15 

Fragrance 10 

Novelty 25 

Foliage 25 

Quality and Appearance 25 

Large-flowered Climbers, Potted Plants, or 
Plants in Gardens 

Size 10 

Color 10 

Stem 10 

Form 10 

Vigor 10 

Foliage 15 

Fragrance 10 

Novelty 25 

Small-flowered Climbers and Ramblers, 
Potted Plants, or Plants in Gardens 

Color 15 

Vigor 10 

Foliage 15 

Number of Flowers in a Spray 10 

Fragrance 10 

Novelty 25 

Quality and Appearance 15 

— R. Marion Hatton, 
Chairman Award Committee. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Roses Seen Through Judges' Eyes 

By G. F. MIDDLETON, Seattle, Wash. 



AROSE JUDGE may find himself 
In very much the same position as 
the man who is called on to select 
the winner of a "beauty contest," and 
finds one of the contestants someone he 
dearly loves, and in following the "Rules 
for judging" is compelled to give the 
award to one he knows, but would not 
care to regard even as a friend. Yet this 
was the mental condition of the judges at 
the Tacoma Rose Show last June. 

The rose in question happened to be 
Mrs. Joseph H. Welch, a sweepstakes 
winner of two former consecutive rose 
shows, but, Jortunatelyy this time entered 
by a different exhibitor. After the award 
was made, we were informed that the 
decision would prove very unpopular, 
and, after a second scoring, the result was 
the same. Not one of us judges cares to 
grow Mrs. Joseph H. Welch, but the 
bloom was worthy of the highest award. 



Visiting the show that evening, several 
exhibitors told me the judges should have 
given the sweepstakes award to a newer 
variety, and also they should bar Mrs. 
Joseph H. Welch from future competition. 

Surely no judge should be forced into 
an unwilling conspiracy to cheat any rose 
of its rightful glory. I could name other 
roses at other shows that came in for the 
same unfair criticism. Unfortunately, a 
few persons who act as rose judges are 
attracted by favorites and the newer 
varieties, and, alas, the "Rules for Judg- 
ing" are for the moment forgotten. The 
point I wish to bring out is that judges 
must obey the rules ; otherwise the standard 
of rose shows is lowered and many an 
exhibitor who is equally well quahfied to 
judge as those serving as judges will no 
longer display his blooms. 

To be a successful rose judge, a proper 
understanding of the "Rules for Judging" 



IS of the greatest importance. One must 
continually grow roses, both old and new, 
to be a successful exhibitor; in fact, be a 
rose specialist. . . 

Perhaps no class has more competition, 
nor can we see roses grown to better 
perfection than in classes provided for 
one bloom exhibited in a vase. Here the 
rose-grower must be careful to exhibit 
varieties which are capable of producing 
the specimen bloom, technically termed 
"exhibition" rose. To be at the time of 
judging, "in the most perfect phase of its 
possible beauty, the bloom should have 
petals abundant, of good substance, and 
gracefully arranged within a circular out- 
line, half or three parts open, and have a 
well-formed center." And yet I have seen 
judges consistently give the awards to 
tight buds and to full-blown roses, and 
to some with confused or split centers. 
Surely none of these fauhs should allow 
the rose any claim to form which is of the 
first importance, even before size and 
color. Few varieties that lack sufficient 
petalage make good specimen blooms, 
because they are all too fleeting and sel- 
dom have high-pointed centers, so neces- 
sary to gain sufficient points for form 
alone. These varieties belong in the 
decorative classes and are best displayed 
in baskets or bowls of roses. 

In judging cut blooms exhibited in 
vases, I believe the following scale of 
points should be given: Form, 30; Size, 
15; Color, 25; Substance (including 
Stem), 15; Fofiage, 15. 

Size is considered next. This means 
that the bloom under consideration is a 
full-size, representative specimen of that 
particular variety. Fortunately, few 
judges are influenced by varieties that 
produce extra-large blooms to the detri- 
ment of the medium-sized varieties. The 
bloom that is a super-size specimen of a 
particular variety, if it has perfect form 
and color, would naturally be given the 
preference. 

Color is the third important point to 
be considered. This includes freshness, 
brilliancy, and purity of shade. Here, 
too, extra points should be given, because 
did not the introducer use chemicals, etc., 
to show the intense color of the rose to 
gain the coveted gold medal? Do we not 



try to do the same? In this section the 
oversized bloom, and especially the rose 
held in the ice-box, usually suff"ers when 
points for freshness of color are under 
consideration. 

Substance includes stem, foliage, and 
petalage. In assigning points for judging, 
I have purposely left out a special section 
for stem, and rightly so. I am of the 
opinion the scale of points allowed for 
stem and foliage must have been made by 
florists who deplored the weak-stemmed 
roses introduced years ago. Today such 
is not the case, but at rose shows the 
common fault is to give greater promi- 
nence to varieties that have stems like 
broom-handles. A stem which has suf- 
ficient substance to hold the bloom erect is 
considered a perfect stem. Roses with 
unhealthy foliage and petals that are 
thin and papery are lacking in substance, 
and points are deducted for these faults. 
For foliage, points are given to encour- 
age clean, healthy foliage. But here again 
the texture (or substance) of the foliage 
is already taken care of. Even to think 
that stem and foliage are so important 
and with substance added are even 
worthy of half (50) of the scale of points 
is most ridiculous. It is not a stem and 
foliage show to which we bring our roses, 
but a rose (bloom) show, and the bloom 
is the most important. Too many points 
for stem and foliage have always been the 
cause of dissatisfaction in the past, and 
at times even now when some judges are 
left to their own devices they still cannot 
realize that these are attributes of the 
rose and secondary in importance to the 

bloom. 

Now we come to the class for decorative 
roses. Under this heading we find every 
opportunity to display the blooms of 
those varieties that cannot be relied on 
to produce "specimen" or "exhibition" 
roses. I believe the major part of the 
ruling of the National Rose Society's 
"Authorized Rules for Judging" of roses 
under this class, gives a clearer and more 
definite idea how they should be judged 
and displayed than any set of rules it has 
been my pleasure to study. I quote: 

17. The exhibit of each variety, whether 
shown in vase, stand, basket, or a specified 



8 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



number oj blooms in a box or otherwisey 
shall be considered as a unit: 

18. For each unit points shall be given 
as follows: Brightness {colour, brilliancy, 

freshness) (3) 35 points. Form of 

flower {and of truss in cluster roses). . . . 

(2) 25 points. Foliage (2) 20 poinds. 

Arrangement (2) 20 points. 

The points listed in parentheses are 
those of the National Rose Society, 
whereas those I have inserted are best 
suited to our own (United States) shows. 
The relative size of blooms of different 
varieties shall not be taken into con- 
sideration. Stem is not mentioned, and 
fortunately so. Here we are permitted to 
wire the stems of varieties that need sup- 
port, and how greatly it adds to their 
arrangement! 

Another point the exhibitor must guard 
against, because in the eyes of all rose 
judges it is considered a fault or a bad 
bloom: "A bloom dressed so as to alter 
its character shall count as a bad blooni." 
I have seen a few judges use a magnifying 
glass to see if this had been done, espe- 
cially if a petal or two had been removed. 
And how foolish, because you are per- 
mitted to remove a petal, yes even 



several petals, provided it does not alter 
its character. Years ago I lost several 
awards, including sweepstake honors, by 
not removing a petal that was water- 
soiled or torn by a rose-thorn. Smce then 
I have known better and won more con- 
sistently. . 

Perhaps no time is so trymg to the 
judges or so exciting to the exhibitors as 
when the sweepstake or chanipion rose of 
the show is selected, and, as it should be, 
from any vase, bowl, basket, or other dis- 
play of roses. Here our favored roses 
(both old and new) must give way should 
they not score under the following rule: 
"The winner of the Sweepstake or Cham- 
pion Rose of the Show should be a rose 
of the highest type of ^specimen' or 
^exhibition' variety, free from all blem- 
ishes, perfect in form, color, and not too 
coarse in growth so as to detract from the 
variety, but sufficiently large and well 
grown to enable it to be shown in this 
class." Many a time we find ourselves 
confused by several roses that are appar- 
ently worthy of this high honor, but by 
scoring each rose separately and adding 
the totals last, the winner is much more 
easily determined. 



Buying Guide for New Roses 



EACH season the Secretary's office 
is asked many times where the 
novelty roses may be obtained. 
Anticipating^ this year's inquiries, a 
letter was sent to all Commercial Mem- 
bers of the American Rose Society asking 
what new roses they would offer this 
spring. A list, compiled from the replies, 
follows. It does not seem necessary to list 
roses which are widely distributed, or 
have been in general commerce several 
years, so some varieties have been 
omitted, to keep the list short. 

We assume no responsibility whatever 
for this list. Doubtless, other nurserymen 
offer some of these roses, but either they 
have not answered our letters or they are 
not Commercial Members of this Society. 
In one or two instances we have supple- 
mented the replies from other knowledge. 



The numbers following the nanies of the 
roses indicate the nurseries which offer 
them. These nurseries are identified by 
number as follows: 

1. Armstrong Nurseries, Ontario, Calif. 

2. Bobbink & Atkins, Rutherford, N. J. 

3. Joseph Breck &. Sons, Boston, Mass. 

4. Bristol Nurseries, Bristol, Conn. 

5. California Nursery Co., Niles, Calif. 

6. Conard-Pyle Co., West Grove, Pa. 

7. Dixie Rose Nursery, Tyler, Texas. 

8. Henry A. Dreer, Philadelphia, Pa. 

9. Germain Seed & Plant Co., Los Angeles, 
Calif. 

10. Glendale Distributing Co., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

11. Lester Rose Gardens, Monterey, Calif. 

12. George H. Peterson, Inc., Fair Lawn, N. J. 

13. Storrs & Harrison Co., Painesville, Ohio. 

14. Stumpp & Walter Co., New York, N. Y. 

15. Traendly & Schenck, Inc., New York, N. Y. 

16. Howard & Smith, Montebello, Calif. 

Ambassador. HT. 10 
Amelia Earhart. HT. 3, 9, 10 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Antinea. HT. 8 
Attraction. HT. 2 
Belvedere. Poly. 2, 8 
Buttercup. HT. 2 
Catalonia. HT. 6 
Cathrine Kordes. HT. 2 
Charles H. Rigg. HT. 1,2,11 

Ch^rie. Poly. 2 ^, „^ . r^ 

Climbing Mrs. E. P. Thom. CI.HT. 1, 9 

Climbing Mrs. Lovell Swisher. CI.HT. 8, 9 

Climbing Pink Pearl. CI.HT. 7 

Climbing President Hoover. CI.HT. 1,5,9 

Climbing Talisman. CI.HT. 1, 5, 9, 11 

Conqueror. HT. 1, 2 

Coral HT. 2 

Countess Mary. CI. 7 

Coupe d'Or. HW. 2 

Cynthia. HT. 8 

^•Daily Mail" Scented Rose. HT. 10 

Dotty. HT. 3, 9, 10 

Dr. Heinrich Lumpe. HT. 1, 1 1 

Edith Krause. HT. 3, 5, 8 

Eulalia. HT. 8 

Geheimrat Duisberg. HT. 8 

Gipsy Lass. HT. 8 

Gov. Alfred E. Smith. HT. 3, 10 

Grenoble. HT. 3, 5 

Heinrich Wendland. HT. 2, 8 

Ivy Alice. HW. 2 

Katharine Pechtold. HT. 8 

Lady Betty. HT. 2 

Lilian. HT. 1, 2, 3, 11 

Lord Lonsdale. HT. 8 

Louise Krause. HT. 1, 2. 10, 11 

Lucile Rand. HT. 13 

Luis Brinas. HT. 6 

Malar Ros. HT. 8 

Mary Hart. HT. 3, 5, 8, 10, 14 



Max Krause. HT. 2,5,9,10 , ^ ^ . 

Mrs. Arthur Curtiss James. HW. 1, 2, i, 4, 
6. 7. 8, 9. 10, 14 

Mrs. Dudley Fulton. Poly. 1 

Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt. HT. (o. 
Florist's Trade only) .. ^ o .^ i ^ k 

Mrs. J. D. Eisele. HT. 1. 3. 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 14. 16 

Mrs. J. D. Russell. HT. 2 

Night. HT. 5 

Nigrette. HT. 6 

Otto Krauss. HT. 3 

Patsy. HT. 1 

Paul Lucchini. HT. 2 

Portadown Fragrance. HT. 5, 8 

President Charles Hain. HT. 2 

Red Hoover. HT. 9 

Reveil Dijonnais. CI.HT. 2 

Romance. HT. 9 

Rose Merk. HT. 2 

Rotraut. Poly. 8 

Senorita d* Alvarez. HT. 1,11 

Silvia Leyva. HT. 6 

Soleil de France. HT. 3 

Souvenir. HT. 3, 7, 8, 10, 14 

Souvenir de J. B. Weibel. HT. 6 

Souvenir de Jean Soupert. HT. 1, 2 

Splendor. HT. 6 

Stuttgart. HT. 5 

Sunkist. HT. 11 

Sunshine. Poly. 2 

Susan Louise. H.Gig. 5, U 

Trigo. HT. 1,2,5 

Urdh. HP. 6 

Vaterland. HT. 5.8 

Ville du Havre. HT. 2 

W. E.Chaplin. HT. 2, 11 

William Orr. HT. 2, 3 

Winsome. CI.HT. 2 



The Fort Worth Municipal Rose-Garden 

By HALLY BRADLEY HAMPTON, Fort Worth, Texas 



THE story of our Municipal Rose- 
Garden dates back to 1926, when 
the possibility for roses in this part 
of Texas began to be realized. Many 
plans and much talk have "gone over the 
wheel" since then, but up to February 
18, 1933, a few days after the Arlington 
Municipal Rose-Garden received the 
nation-wide award of $1,000, it had been 
plans and nothing more, as the Fort 
Worth Park Board had stated they did 
not have money to construct the Garden. 
The Tarrant County Rose Society 
hesitated to go forward with plans to 
raise money by popular subscription on 
account of the depression. But here is 
where the old saying proved true: "It is 
an ill wind that blows no good" — ^the 



depression built our Garden for us, and it 
came about largely through the help of 
Mr. Jewel P. Lightfoot, husband of our 
very able Secretary of the Society. A 
rose enthusiast himself, Mr. Lightfoot 
was Chairman of the R. F. C. Relief 
Committee in Tarrant County. Of course, 
we were all elated over the award to the 
Arlington Garden, as we feh we had had 
some small part in its establishment, yet 
we felt even more keenly our disappoint- 
ment in not being able to start the Rose- 
Garden for Fort Worth. Mr. Lightfoot, 
knowing this, offered to the Society the 
R. F. C. labor for the Rose-Garden. 

The original space allotted was 110 by 
165 feet, now occupied by the square 
garden east of the cascade. The Rose 



10 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Society felt that this was inadequate in 
size and character to be of value as a 
pubhc rose-garden. It was explained to 
Mr. Light foot how much space the Rose 
Society wanted and the character of 
planting we wished to do. With walks 
and open spaces, including the vista, 
which we wanted to plant with wild roses, 
the space we needed would be something 
like 5 acres. With this understanding of 
our plans, Mr. Lightfoot arranged with 
the County Commissioners for the use of 
trucks and grading equipment and offered 
to present the matter to the Park Board 
for us, with the agreement that the Rose 
Society would be responsible for all labor, 
trucks, and grading equipment, provid- 
ing the Park Board would allot the 
additional space requested, use native 
stone instead of brick for the walls, and 
furnish supervision, concrete, water-pipe, 
lumber, stone, etc. 

After some negotiation the agreement 
was made and we had 50 men and 4 
trucks on the job at 9 A.M. the next day. 
In the six months of construction, be- 
tween 40 and 50 trained artisans, 110 to 
125 laborers, 7 to 8 trucks, and 16 mules 
for the grading were employed on the 
job most of the time. 

The rules of R. F. C. gave each man 
only two days' work a week. This was all 
right with the laborers, but it worked 
havoc in the stonework. Mr. Lightfoot got 
around this to some extent by switching 
the master masons from one relief depart- 
ment to another and back again, and 
when the departments ran out, these 
men were so interested in their work that 
often they would come out days they 
were not allowed work and, without pay, 
supervise those that were on the job to 
keep the work uniform. The interest and 
willingness which these men showed 
proved that the majority of American 
workmen would far rather work than 
accept charity; the beautiful stonework 
in the Garden testifies to these facts. 
All R. F. C. Relief Funds for Texas 



were withdrawn August 15; this was 
partly for political reasons and partly to 
confine R. F. C. laJDor to projects of 
permanent construction. This delayed 
the work for a time, but after the impor- 
tance of the Garden was brought to the 
attention of Mr. Lawrence Westbrook, 
Chairman for State Relief, adjustments 
were made and the work was completed 
in time for our dedication, October 15. 

We have been advised that, up to date, 
the Fort Worth Municipal Rose-Garden 
is one of the most outstanding pieces of 
construction by R. F. C. labor. 

The planting will begin this winter, under 
the supervision of the Tarrant County 
Rose Society, with the help of a committee 
from the Park Board, and will cover a 
period of three years. This refers to the 
display garden, but the Test-Garden will 
be enclosed by a 7-foot iron fence, covered 
with wire netting, surmounted by barbed 
wire, under lock and key, in possession 
of the Rose Society, with a bonded 
supervisor, which wilt fully protect all 
growers and any roses they may send for 
test purposes. 

Before closing the outline history of our 
Municipal Rose-Garden, I want to em- 
phasize the work of Mr. Raymond 
Morrison, our City Forester, and his able 
assistants, who supervised the construc- 
tion work of the Garden, and worked 
hand in hand with Mr. Jewel P. Lightfoot 
and Mr. Morris E. Berney, President of 
the Park Board. Mr. Lightfoot, with a 
courage surmounting large and small 
difficulties, met them all with a determi- 
nation to succeed, and he did. 

Thus Fort Worth has a Rose-Garden 
in a beautiful natural setting, with stone- 
work built of beautiful native stone, by 
artisans who w^orked for love of their 
work, which in normal times would have 
cost between $75,000 and $100,000, 
but which cost the Park Board less than 
$5,000, a monument to the vision and 
courage of the community and an 
inspiration to all who see it. 



Roses in Milwaukee 

By H. W. PROTZMANN, Milwaukee, Wis. 



RT^TVTTNDE R ^^^ annual memberships in this organization expired on 
^^^_^^_^__ December 31, except those that have been renewed. 
If you have not paid your 1934 dues, please send your check to the Secretary at 
once. Affiliated members should remit through the local society. 



MY GARDEN in Milwaukee is 
not elaborately laid out. It is just 
a city lot, 40 by 120 feet. There- 
on is a bungalow cottage and garage. 
At the front is a small lawn 10 by 40 feet 
with two large Hybrid Perpetual rose 
bushes that bear fair-sized pink roses 
(variety unknown to me), two Rugosas, 
Blanc Double de Coubert and Conrad F. 
Meyer, and at the west corner a trailing 
Max Graf. Up against the porch are two 
climbers. Primrose and American Beauty. 
At the east and rear of the cottage the 
lawn is edged with borders for flowers. 
Along the east side the border is 6 by 
60 feet; at the north, or further end, it is 
10 by 15 feet; and between the cottage 
and garage it is 6 by 25 feet. Then in the 
center of the rear lawn is a narrow strip 
18 inches by 40 feet for Hybrid Tea 
roses. Against the garage and along the 
fences are climbing and rambling roses. 

Beginning in the spring there are nar- 
cissus, a possible thousand tulips, then 
roses on more than a hundred bushes, 
some lilies, phlox, and other flowers in 
season. 

That is my garden — not grand, but 
when in bloom, beautiful to see. 

Hiring help constantly is just beyond 
my means, so I do most of the work. If 
I want flowers, especially roses, quite a 
bit of my spare time must be spent in the 
garden. From April until October, at 
5 in the morning, I am to be found in the 
great outdoors of the garden. 

Ah! wonderful are the early morning 
hours in the garden — the sun slowly ris- 
ing from its hiding-place in the east, the 
birds sending forth their nielody of song, 
and flowers from the time the little 
snowdrops and scillas appear until hard 
frost checks the rose. 

The first rose bushes were planted in 
the spring of 1929. Without going into 
names, there were 3 Rugosas, 2 Poly- 
anthas, 2 Climbers, 17 Hybrid Perpetuals 
and 22 Hybrid Teas. After five seasons 
the Rugosa, Polyantha, Climbing and 
Hybrid Perpetual bushes were in good 
shape this late autumn. Of the 22 



Hybrid Teas, only 6 remain. They are 
Miss Rowena Thom, Etoile de Hollande, 
Mrs. Erskine Pembroke Thom, Lady 
Ursula, and Red Radiance. These 5 have, 
every summer, grown 2-foot canes and 
bloomed profusely. The sixth, Jonkheer 
J. L. Mock, has been the prince of the 
Hybrid Teas in my garden. The bush 
has grown 13/|-foot canes. It has never 
been out of flower during the bloommg 
season. 

Over 100 Hybrid Tea bushes have been 
planted up to and including the spring of 
1932. Since then I have been replacmg 
the Hybrid Teas as they die off with 
Hybrid Perpetuals of the newer, as well 
as some of the good older types. Hybrid 
Teas will not be discarded entirely. The 
narrow strip in the center of my garden is 
reserved for them almost entirely. 

I must confess that my liking leans 
more toward the Hybrid Perpetuals. I 
love their one big burst of bloom. Many 
of the bushes, by careful pruning and 
feeding, give flowers quite liberally. For 
instance, Frau Karl Druschki was Lady 
Bountiful in late June, again in August, 
and on November 8 had a number of 
buds ready to open, which were stopped 
by frost. 

Some of the newer Hybrid Perpetuals 
were planted in October. The planting 
and protecting instructions of the seller 
were strictly followed. I shall be very 
anxious when spring arrives to find out 
what happened below those heaps of soil 
and hay. The lot contained some of the 
following: Stammler, Urdh, FelJDcrgs 
Rosa Druschki, Harmony, Druschki Ru- 
bra, President Briand, S. M. Gustav V; 
also a Hybrid Bengal, Frau Dr. Schricker, 
and Golden Moss. 

Formerly, in late autumn the canes of 
the Hybrid Perpetuals were bent toward 
the ground, tied to pegs, and covered 
with marsh hay, but in spring many of 
the good canes were found to be broken 
off near the stalk. This autumn the 
entire bush has been wrapped from the 
ground up in coarse burlap and then 
tied to stout stakes. The surface of the 



12 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



borders has been covered with 5 to 8 
inches of coarse hay. I believe the canes 
will come through this way with very 
little loss. The climbing roses have come 
through the past four winters wrapped 

in burlap. 

During the climbing rose bloommg 
season, American Beauty and Primrose 



have attracted the attention of numerous 
passers-by. The American Beauty was 
almost covered with rose blooms and the 
Primrose, which blooms two weeks later, 
was quite a show, too. They were the 
cause of many people visiting my garden 
during June and July. If it can be 
arranged, I shall have a few more climbers. 



A Colorado Rose-Garden 

By DR. NEWTON C. GUNTER, Pueblo, Colo. 



MY ROSE-GARDEN, now two 
years old, contains about 250 
roses of about 100 varieties, 
including 40 climbers. These plants have 
been obtained from all over the United 
States. Some are own-root plants which 
were very small at first; others, own- 
roots from 4-inch pots; some came from 
department stores and some are bench 
plants from greenhouses, while others 
are plants from growers of national and 
international reputation. 

Two years ago I knew little about 
roses except that the flowers were beau- 
tiful, and red, white, yellow, and pink. 
My chow dog liked to take her exercise 
by running through my flower garden, 
which consisted of a few perennials, a 
zinnia-bed and a rose-bed of about 
25 plants, so I decided to fence that side 
ofl" from the rest that my flowers would 
not be disturbed by a lively dog. 

That new fence was the beginning of a 
dream. I could see roses growing all over 
it. So the strawberry-bed was dug up 
and the rose-garden extended. It also 
occurred to me that I would rather have 
roses than zinnias, so out went that bed. 
The additional space gave 5 beds, 4 by 
16 feet, with room for a row of Hybrid 
Perpetuals along each side, as well as a 
fence all around for climbers. But the 
fence and pergola were not enough, so 
the perennials were moved to a new bed 
in the front and 11 triangular trellises 
were placed around the garden to act as 
a windbreak from the north and as a 
shield for the manure-piles at the back or 
east side, at the same time facing them 
southwest so that the roses were not 
exposed to the hot sunshine all day. 
A near-by friend who was a rose- 



fancier gave me quite a lot of information, 
and on his advice I joined the American 
Rose Society. Then my education began. 
After reading all the Annuals since 
1921, all the catalogues and rose-books I 
can get hold of, I have come to the con- 
clusion that roses do not act the same m 
all localities. The advice of a rose-grower 
in New York, Oregon, or Florida is 
almost worthless to me in Colorado, and I 
have to shake my head at some of the 
articles I have read, even with my scant 
experience. Some writers try to leave the 
impression that own-root plants are 
absolutely worthless and that old bench 
plants are not worth digging a hole for, 
unless to bury them as rubbish. My 
experience has been very different, as my 
record of the past two years with the 
rose E. G. Hill will prove. 

In April, 1932, for $2 I secured 12 
E. G. Hill plants grown for two years in 
a greenhouse, and then taken out and 
rested one month. The first bloom 
developed June 18, and from then on to 
the end of the season those 12 plants 
produced 85 blooms which I liked so much 
that I added 13 own-root plants from 
4-inch pots at 20 cents each. This year 
the 25 plants have produced 289 blooms 
up to November 1. The majority of these 
blooms naturally came from the old, 
worn-out (?) bench plants because the 
younger plants were smaller. 

This experience has not been without 
its lessons when compared to buying 
plants for as much as $3 apiece from firms 
that know just how to grow and handle 
roses so that a greenhorn like myself 
may enjoy the wonderful beauty of the 
new creations. Many such purchases 
have been disappointing and expensive, 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



although a few varieties have proved to 
be ail that was claimed for them, such as 
Roslyn and President Herbert Hoover. 

In no other part of the United States is 
there a climate so hard on flowers of all 
kinds, especially roses. The weather is 
as uncertain as is length of life, and any- 
thing may be expected, from freezing 
weather in June to spring in January, 
from sunshine beaming through atmos- 
phere through which you can see a 
hundred miles and more, to dry winds 
which threaten to tear plants out by the 
roots; while the water which we have to 
quench their thirst varies from 7 to 22 
grains in hardness to the gallon. Some 
winters are not cold enough to kill a 
Hybrid Tea, while others, like last winter, 
even froze the tips of Rugosas. In Decem- 
ber the temperature went to l^"" below 
zero; January was like spring; and 
February was 25° below again. All 
climbers were killed to the ground, and 
Hybrid Teas were only saved by abun- 
dant protection. Our growing season is 
usually ended between September 15 and 
October 15, but this year it lasted until 
November 2. 

I have never seen black-spot except in 
greenhouses, but on account of cool 
nights in August and September, mildew 
is a great nuisance; also green aphides 
in spring and fall, but they are not so bad 
during hot weather. 

I considered the growth this year very 
unusual inasmuch as practically all 
blooms were produced in distinct crops, 
new breaks only coming after the old crop 
was gone. For instance, one plant of 
President Herbert Hoover in the test- 
bed produced four crops of 7, 8, 9, and 
1 1 blooms, while a plant of Roslyn in the 
same bed produced three crops of 8, 
14, and 14. The fourth crop was develop- 
ing when freezing weather came. 



C>fO 



Father Schoener's Roses 

I should like to give a little boost to 
some of the roses originated by Father 
George M. A. Schoener, of Santa Barbara, 
California. This spring I purchased a num- 
ber of his roses, some of them named, but 
more of them merely numbered. All have 
pleased me. Some seedling climbers have 



not yet shown flowers, of course, so judg- 
ment on them must be reserved. 

Dakota is one of the Padre's roses which 
I love. It should be classed among the 
shrub roses, I believe. Its foliage is deli- 
cately lacy, with many leaflets to each 
leaf, bright green, with green stems. The 
flowers come in clusters of twenty or 
more, single, and pure white, with a cen- 
tral boss of golden stamens giving a most 
fairylike eff'ect to the mass. Each flower 
is more than an inch in diameter. But 
what I love most of all in Dakota is its 
unusual fragrance— not like a rose, but 
like a whole old-fashioned garden, new- 
mown hay, and sunshine-after-rain in 
England! Later, red fruits appear. Da- 
kota had one fine burst of bloom in late 
June, then a few scattered clusters after- 
ward. It may even do better next year. 
Then Charmer must be mentioned. 
This was probably the most lusty grower 
in my garden this year, none of the 
Hybrid Perpetuals making a greater 
growth. Strong reddish stems, mighty 
thorns (which aren't half so mean as the 
little thorns), healthy-looking, shining 
foliage— and the blooms! So many blooms 
on one bush seemed incredible. They were 
very double, with thick, waxy petals, and 
of a shade of flesh-pink which I find very 
satisfying. Flowers, too, are very large. 
Lady Derby is another of Father 
Schoener's originations, with pale pink 
flowers of fine substance. Several of his 
numbered seedlings had similar blooms, 
scarcely enough difl'erence to be con- 
sidered as new ones. 

While I am on the subject, I wonder 
how many members of the American Rose 
Society grow Penelope, a Hybrid Musk 
which is a charmer if ever there was one. 
This would make a fine rose-hedge, and 
I am going to use it for that purpose next 
spring in my new rose-garden which is 
entirely for old and tried varieties. 

Penelope has flowers in clusters, each 
about 2 inches in diameter, a pink rather 
difficult to describe— something of a 
strawberry tone in it, although it is not 
a deep pink. The stems are almost 
thornless, the foliage small but beautifu , 
the fragrance delicious, and it blooms all 
summer, right up to hard frost. I adore 
Penelope!— Maud Chegwidden, Utah. 



14 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



What Is Wrong? 



In looking over the last American Rose 
Magazine, 1 note mention of the great 
falling off in membership. 

It is possible that the depression may 
be responsible to a certain extent. On the 
other hand, it is a known fact that the 
depression has stimulated unprecedented 
interest in gardens, and rose-gardens in 
particular. Note the tremendous increase 
the department-store sales of roses have 
shown alone. Where formerly there was 
one rose, there are a hundred now. That 
fact alone should be thought-provoking 
to the directors of the American Rose 
Society. 

Now I will give you a brief history of 
my own case, so that what may seem like 
a harsh criticism may be tempered by 
explanation. Three years ago, I acci- 
dentally acquired a strong desire to have 
and develop a rose-garden. I loved roses 
always, but a friend of mine, showing me 
some dozen Hybrid Teas blooming late in 
October, was the deciding factor. The 
following spring a feverish preparation 
and planting of some two dozen bushes 
was the climax. Fair results followed, but 
I had the feeling that I lacked knowledge 
and information requisite for a really 
successful garden. I started reading 
everything available. I also discovered 
accidentally in my reading that there was 
such an organization as the American 
Rose Society. When, after inquiring, I 
found out what its objects and purposes 
were, I was happy indeed to know that 
at last I would have authoritative 
guidance. 

Before the year was over I sent in my 
application and dues for 1933, requesting 
at the same time a loan of the 1932 
Annual. You see I was hungry for the 
things that I believed the American Rose 
Society would have to offer. I will never 
forget the rude shock of disappointment 
I received, after hurriedly scanning 
through the pages of the Annual. Here, 
instead of a volume full of practical help, 
guidance, and rose-lore, I find hardly an 
item to help and guide such as I am. My 
enthusiasm waned from that time on, but 
I still had hopes that the Quarterly would 
have something to offer. When my last 



fond hope of getting at least a list of 
fellow rosarians in this part of the 
country (so that one might interchange 
experiences) failed to materialize, it then 
took no great deal of deliberation to 
arrive at a decision to drop my member- 
ship. I note there were over 600 who did 
likewise the year before. And still there 
are thousands of new rose-lovers and 
growers every year. 

I dislike criticism, especially when the 
critic has not much to offer in the way of 
constructive help. However, I thought it 
might interest you and the directors of the 
Society to know the reaction member- 
ship in the American Rose Society pro- 
duced on me, a rose enthusiast and lover 
second to none. 

The American Rose Society must have 
objectives, and the principal one must 
be to reach the thousands of new rose- 
growers who are groping in the dark, as I 
have been, with practical help and in- 
formation; a sort of common forum of 
discussion and interchange of ideas and 
experiences, and then I am sure you won't 
find any wholesale dropping off of 
membership. 

— Joseph E. Marek, M. D., Iowa. 

"Open Roses Versus Buds" 

The above is the title of a paper by our 
estimable editor in the December, 1933, 
issue of The Flower Grower. It recalls to 
me the recent rose show held in Washing- 
ton by the Potomac Rose Society. I 
considered that show a failure in the 
sense that it practically debarred all 
opened roses from consideration as prize- 
winners, most of which were at their 
height of beauty. Only those of "perfect 
bud form," of the usual Tea, Hybrid Tea, 
etc., types were considered for awards. 

A prize-list schedule of this sort lacks 
the correct slant on what actually con- 
stitutes perfection of form in cutting 
roses, from the standpoint of the garden 
and home gardeners. We are not pri- 
marily interested in beauty of bud-form, 
for that denies recognition of an enor- 
mous bevy of roses which do not lay 
claim to classic beauty of bud alone, and 
some which must be either half or fully 
bloomed to display their charms. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



The American Rose Society is m a 
position to correct such errors m our 
show schedules by adoptmg rules and 
regulations that must be followed by 
affiliates deriving support from the parent 
organization. These rules should mcor- 
porate in the schedule such necessary 
sections or divisions as may seem desir- 
able, in which half-open and fully open 
blooms may compete for prizes in 
addition to sections calling for buds alone. 
In this way a greater number of varieties 
will become known to the members and 
the public, and the greater the education 
in the different forms which constitute 
beauty in the rose. A beautiful bud is 
only a promise to be fulfilled by the open 
rose, and all too often it is just a promise. 
— Chas. E. F. Gersdorff, 

District of Columbia. 

Open Roses 

I have just read Dr. McFarland's 
article in The Flower Grower about the 
beauty of opened roses. How true! 
People's taste, or lack of taste, shows 
faulty education. Design is an essential 
quality of a rose, although it is not 
thought of or recognized by many people, 
but it is there, in the arrangement of the 
petals. Lord Allenby has a very ugly bud 
but what a flower it is when fully ex- 
panded! Really, everyone ought to be 
taught the principles of design and 
decoration; then there would be a stand- 
ard of taste to go by when judging roses 
for their beauty. 

Spring was cold and windy here, and 
although I had a small rose show every 
Sunday there were really no good blooms. 
Autumn bloom was prolific but poor. 
Flowers were thin and gone quickly. But 
1 know several rose-gardens were in- 
spired by what I did and had, and I 
picked a bloom from a plant budded by 
myself, so what more could I ask. 

I budded roses all through July, just 
for practice, and quite a few took though 
only one bloomed, but I suppose I shall 
see blooms on the others next spring. 
For understocks I used new canes of 
Breeze Hill, which is not good here, as 
the flowers fade dirty white and will 
not fall off. . . . 



I must mention a few roses that do well 
for me which we cannot buy any more: 
Louise Criner has all the requirements for 
a good rose — shapely, medium growth, 
good form, very prolific, with pure 
white blooms that last for days. It runs 
abreast with White Ensign, but perhaps 
just a little ahead. 

Then Lord Allenby, a beauty! From 
small, ugly, tight buds slowly emerge the 
most beautiful red roses in my garden — 
full, high-centered, with a light edge that 
just completes a picture. The blooms are 
very large and last a long time, and the 
plant is sturdy although low in growth. 
When in full spring bloom, with a dozen 
or more open flowers, I think it is a whole 
show in itself. 

Another beautiful, full rose is Capt. 
F. S. Harvey-Cant, a lovely soft pink. 
Abol is an exquisite white flower of 
exhibition form and should be grown for 
fragrance alone. George H. Mackereth, 
if the weather is right, is a very fine red. 
Until recently these roses were all unseen 
by me, but somewhere I had read good 
reports of them — in English garden 
magazines or English annuals or a new 
rose book like Rossi's. When several dif- 
ferent articles praise a rose I make a note 
of it, and when fall comes round if I can 
find it for sale I usually order it. Pioneer- 
ing in roses is huge fun! No copy-cat can 
get the same thrill! 

But this appeal means nothing to those 
who have roses to sell, judging by local 
nurseries. They have very limited lists, 
all alike, and of course people get the 
same varieties. I wonder what I shall 
learn during 1934. Plenty, I suppose 

and hope. 

— Maud E. Scrutton, California. 

Sandy Soil 

The climate of San Francisco is not 
very favorable for the production of 
perfect roses, as fog is prevalent at times, 
which has a bad effect on the maturing of 
the blooms. This climatic condition is 
also believed to be conducive to mildew. 
However, in spite of this handicap, and 
also the added hardship of sandy soil, I 
was determined to raise roses. 

The sand was removed to a depth of 



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16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



2 feet or more, and a base composed of 
gravel and clay was laid. Over this base 
was placed a good covering of rotted cow- 
manure, and this was in turn covered with 
rank grass and other vegetation which 
had been removed from the garden in 
making the clearing. The beds were then 
built up with good loam, mixed with 
Holland peat to the required depth, and 
allowed to settle by flooding with water. 
After this had been done over a period of 
time, I turned over the earth after one of 
these floodings and, to my dismay, I 
found that it was positively dusty under- 
neath. This condition I discovered was 
due to the presence in the soil of sand 
which carried a high percentage of silicate. 
If you have ever had any experience with 
this type of sand you know how the water 
"runs" from it as though it had an oil- 
content. Of course, I knew that some- 
thing had to be done to remedy this 
condition as it would never do to have 
the top-soil receive the moisture while the 
root-system was "wallowing in the dust." 
I therefore obtained some good lengths of 
2-inch pipe which, in planting the bushes, 
I inserted at the base of each at an angle 
of about 75 degrees. Care was taken to 
see that these pieces of pipe did not inter- 
fere with the root-system, and that the 
roots were well covered, so that there 
was no danger of drying out due to the 
opening made by these pipes. This 
arrangement, I am happy to say, has 
resulted in the roses obtaining plenty of 
moisture at the roots where it is needed. 
In order to insure freedom from mildew, 
I tried to prevent it, for we all know "an 
ounce of prevention is worth a pound of 
cure." With this in mind I started my 
search for some preventive. At one of the 
local seed-houses I was told to use a 
preparation called "Qua-Sul," highly 
recommended for all sorts of fungous dis- 
eases. I purchased a quart bottle for $1 
and followed the directions. I have made 
two applications of this solution, both 
as a top-spray and as a soil-treatment, 
and the results obtained are truly miracu- 
lous. I am positive that these results are 
due to the use of this fungicide, for one of 
my neighbors purchased his rose bushes 
at the same time from the same source 
from which I obtained mine, but there is 



no comparison between the appearance 
of the two lots of bushes. Everybody 
remarks how fine and healthy my rose 
bushes appear, and that is music to my 
ears. — George P. Lord, Calijornia. 



I Don't Know, Mister! 

In last year's Rose Annual I read the 
article "What Happened, Mister?" and 
said to myself, "There must be something 
beside the happening stated to give such 
results, because all of the food comes from 
the understock anyway." 

But this year what happened? Three 
years ago I budded half a dozen Lord 
Charlemont on De la Grifferaie — just to 
keep the variety, even though I thought it 
not so good as some others as it was very 
subject to mildew, not a good grower, and 
did not hold its color. Well, last year, in 
the middle of the summer, I cut the entire 
top of budding stock from two of them — 
you all know that will practically ruin a 
root -system. What little strength the 
understock had left made two small 
bushes about 10 inches high and that 
fall I moved them. 

After all that I did not expect much, 
but, "believe it or not," last year they 
sent up five or six canes, each 18 inches 
tall, also the blooms had lasting quality 
comparable to that of Dame Edith Helen 
and they held their color as "Daily Mail" 
Scented Rose holds its dark red. 

They looked so good that I cut the 
canes and used some for budding, and 
with cultivation only, no artificial water- 
ing, they sent up more canes this fall. 
If it continues to perform that way it 
will be the best crimson rose that I know. 

With many apologies to the Texas 
nurseryman, it seems as though buds do 
mature on an understock. 

— R. S. Hennessey, Oregon. 



Here is a list of free-blooming roses that 
should be in every yard. Three plants each will 
never fail to have roses every day in the season. 
They are : Radiance, Gruss an Teplitz, Hermosa, 
Mrs. Dudley Fulton, E. G. Hill. With this group 
in my garden, I can almost guarantee my 
friends they will see roses blooming any day they 
come in my yard. — S. L. Wiseman, Illinois. 



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March-April, 1934 




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Editedhy 

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and G.A.Stevens 



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THE TRUSTEES OF THE AMERICAN ROSE 
SOCIETY did a great job February 19 in setting 
up new, liberal, and workable classes and rules for 
judging roses at amateur rose shows. We are off to 
a good start for many small June and September 
shows in 1934. 

THE 1934 AMERICAN ROSE ANNUAL WILL 
FOLLOW close upon this March-April Magazine. 
With all the world's new roses described, and eight 
of the very newest shown in color, with many articles 
on new angles and experiences in rose-growing "all 
over," with the best-yet "Proof of the Pudding," it 
is a live and larger volume. Did you pay your 1934 
subscription, so your copy can come promptly? 

THE MEMBERS' HANDBOOK will bring you the 
addresses of your rose neighbors. You'll need it! 



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ilishedty The American Rose Society, Hanisbur^^Pa, 

15< a copy • $1.50 a year 




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THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G. A. Stevens 

Published bi-monlbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 



Subscription pnce: To members of the American Rose 
Society 75 cts. a year. 15 cts. a copy, wbicb amount is 

'"fan irthers"Tl"?olleal^25'cTs. a copy. „ . 

Enttedt "cond^class'matter at the Post OfT.ce at Harr.s- 
burg. Pa., under the aci of March 3. IH/V. 



Vol. I, No. 8 



1934 



March-Apkil 



New Rules for Exhibitions and 

Awards 

Members will find in this issue an 
account of the Trustees' Meeting, held in 
Harrisburg on February 19. Particular 
attention is called to the new Rules ior 
Exhibitions and Awards. The new rules 
for awarding the Society's medals at 
amateur shows throughout the country 
go into effect immediately, and no medals 
can be sent from the Secretary's ofTice 
unless the local Society has complied with 
the requirements in these rules. 

New Classification of Roses 

The report of Mr. Barron's Committee 
on Reclassification and Definitions, as 
adopted by the Trustees, is printed in 
this issue. It is important that all mem- 
bers familiarize themselves with the new 
symbols used to denote rose classes, 
which are much simpler than the old ones. 

Membership List 

The list of Members will be printed in 
the new issue of the Members' Handbook. 
Only those whose subscriptions are paid 
for 1934 will be included. If you wish to 
have your name appear in the Members' 
Handbook, you must be a paid-up mem- 
ber before it goes to press. The dead-line 
seems to be about March 20. 

The 1934 Annual 

The American Rose Annual is on press. 
It should be ready to mail within a few 
days after you receive this Magazine. If 
you have not paid your subscription you 



will not receive the Annual. We who 
have assembled the material for this 
Annual believe it is the most interesting 
and genuinely valuable volume brought 
out so far. This year's issue will have 
240 pages, 16 more than ever before, and 
some specially fine, large color-plates. 

Members' Handbook 

The Trustees have authorized the 
publication of the Members' Handbook 
sometime this spring. In answer to our 
request for a corrected list of rose-gardens 
open to members, not more than a dozen 
have replied. If not more than a dozen 
members of the American Rose Society 
are willing to permit other members to 
visit their gardens, there seems to be 
little use in publishing such a list. If you 
wish your garden to be listed among 
those which may be visited by other 
members of the Society, let the Secretary 
know at once. 

Annual Meeting 

We are glad to print on page 7 a 
schedule showing dates of departure and 
the length of time it will require to make 
the trip from eastern points to Portland, 
also an estimate of the cost. This schedule 
was prepared by one of the western rail- 
roads, and anyone who desires to take 
advantage of the schedule as it is should 
get in touch with the Secretary who w^ill 
transmit the information to the railroad 
company. Other western railroads are 
interested and are offering special induce- 
ments, but in general all schedules and 
costs will be very much alike. 

Disease-Control Campaign 

On page 3 Dr. Massey outlines his 
plan for enlisting members of this Society 
in disease-control work this year. This 
plan is fully explained in the Annual. If 
your garden is likely to need protection 
before April 1, it is strongly urged that 
you get in touch with Dr. L. M. Massey, 
Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y., if you 
wish to help him in this campaign. 

Additions to Library 

"Roses of Quality," by Charles H. Rigg, No. 2. 

Year Book of the Rose Society of Ontario, 
8 Volumes, as follows: 1926, No. 57-1; 1927, 
No. 57-2; 1928, No. 57-3; 1929, No. 57-4; 1930, 
No. 57-5; 1931, No. 57-6; 1932, No. 57-7; 
1933, No. 57-8. 



1934 Campaign Against Black-Spot 

and Mildew 

By L. M. MASSEY, Chairman, Committee on Disease Control 



A CAMPAIGN for better roses in 
1934 through disease control will 
be launched in the Annual by ask- 
ing those interested to pledge themselves 
to dust or spray their roses faithfully 
throughout the season, making it a major 
item of culture. The Annual will carry a 
return post-card for use by those joining 
In the drive, and who thus, by registering, 
constitute a definite group to test our 
best program of disease-control measures. 
It is hoped that a goodly number will 
join the campaign and make every effort 
to see the project through. 

From investigations, largely supported 
by the American Rose Society, a rather 
complete picture of the essentials of dis- 
ease control has been developed, based 
on studies of the fungi causing the most 
prevalent diseases — black-spot and rnil- 
dew. The results of four years' intensive 
work under the terms of a Fellowship* 
established with Cornell University have 
indicated the relative merits of most of 
the fungicides of established general 
efficiency. There remains the problem of 
having these materials finally tested by 
the growers. Further, and of greater 
importance, there^ is the problem of 
having the more promising fungicides 
tested by the growers in a program 
designed to accord with the basic prin- 
ciples of plant-protection and the prob- 
lems presented by the fungi being com- 
bated. An attempt will be made to 
harmonize these two fundamentals in the 
campaign being launched. Growers will 
l)e given specific directions through the 
pages of the Annual and the Magazine. 
Perhaps additional aid through mimeo- 
graphed circulars will be needed, if their 
preparation and mailing is feasible. It 
will be our job to get the directions to 
the growers and their job to carry them 
out and keep a simple record of what is 
clone. Finally, reports of successes and 
failures will be assembled at the end of 
the season and analyzed. 

*See the American Rose Annuals for 1930-33, inclusive. 



Since the date of the mailing of the 
Annual (about March 15) will be some- 
what late for some of the southern mem- 
bers to take up the proposition, it is hoped 
that this advanced statement of the 
proposal will enable all to participate. 
The important point now is for those 
participating to get their materials and 
machinery on hand and be ready to start 
dusting or spraying with the opening of 
the first leaf-buds. Delay means failure. 
It is hoped that many will be guided by 
the results of the Fellow^ship investiga- 
tions and decide to use the sulphur- 
arsenate dust which, of the materials 
tested, stood in first place. But if you 
prefer spraying to dusting, get your spray 
material on hand and your sprayer ready 
fbr action — now. If early infections are 
not prevented the difficulty of disease 
control is materially increased. 

If you are going to use dust, be sure to 
get a prepared mixture of dusting sulphur 
and arsenate of lead in the proportions of 
90 parts 300-mesh sulphur and 10 parts 
arsenate of lead. Either the green or the 
undyed material may be used. It is well 
to get some 4 per cent nicotine (in lime) 
dust to use when necessary for aphids, 
unless you are using a dust cornbining 
sulphur, arsenate of lead, and nicotine. 
Also, get a good duster. For sprays, use 
bordeaux mixture of the 4-4-50 formula, 
lime-sulphur at the 1-50 dilution, flota- 
tion sulphur (paste), 4 pounds to 50 
gallons of w ater, or whatever proprietary 
material you have used and found satis- 
factory. In using a proprietary material, 
follow the directions of the manufacturer 
as to dilution. Use a sprayer that will 
maintain pressure high enough to break 
the spray into a fine mist. 

Here is an opportunity for united action 
in a cause meriting our best efforts. The 
issue at stake is greater than most of us 
realize. By joining the campaign, and 
carrying through, you will be advancing 
rose-culture in a substantial way. We 
need your cooperation. 



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THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



The Theory of Hardiness 

By J. H. NICOLAS 

■^ 'TARniNFSS meaning ability of a covers the range from 32° Fahrenheit 

Sftors whether their home climate soft tips of late growth may be fros - 

reauh-es t ornot A foreign statesman killed, but the mam body of the plants 

vi^h whom i discussed the 'strained rela- will . come out unscat^hed The pre- 

tions between his country and another, cautionary measure of hilling up the base 

srooed mrperemptorily b^ remarking, of the plant should not be overlooked 

'Ss h^ve^no fr^ontie^s."^ It is true, especially where frost is liable to reach 

roses are international, and breeders the maximum rated for the variet> . 

should endeavor to produce varieties winter Temperature Necessary Hardiness 

susceptible of world-wide usage. Fahrenheit (Centigrade Per cent 

Hardiness is twofold, Inborn and ^^„ _ \o ['[[[',[ [ 5 

External. 25° — 4° 1^ 

Inborn hardiness is in the plant. Each 20° - 7° 15 

straight major strain has an average 15° -10° ^^ 

hardiness which varies perhaps to the ^^^^ _^^o .30 

extent of 10 per cent plus or minus, q _i8° 35 

according to local atmospheric conditions. _ 5° -21° 45 

Some plant-breeders claim that hardi- -10° -24° 00 

ness of a hybrid can be determined by the _i^„ _3o° ' . . . '. 90 

mathematical ratio of natural hardiness _3qo -36° ! . . 100 

of the parents. I am not so sure that , -n ^ ^u^ f^iu^v 

nature works by mathematics. The aver- For rating we will assume the toUoxv- 

age hardiness of the progeny of a cross ing degree ot hardiness: 

mav be estimated by mathematics, but percent , . ^^ , .n d 

f";Lch individual sellling that estimate ^^-^'^^^.!^ttXs^E.^Su^ 

will have to be contirmed by tests because northern and western Chinese, and 

of the irregularity of heredity, A Rugosa Japanese species. 

crossed with a Tea may give a progeny 90.— Centifolia (including Moss). Damascena, 

of varied intensity of hardiness; in.some ,3._criiTo^pr cXf/Austrian Copper, 

the Rugosa hardiness may be dominant, Scotch roses, Pompon Polyanthas. 

while more or less recessive in others. At 60.— Northern European species, central Chi- 

anv rate, we may establish a tentative nese species, many Hybrid Perpetuals, 

scale as a suggestion of possible hardiness ,, _3 ■"rn^TrHy&etpetuals. 

of a hybrid and as a help in selecting 35._chinensis (Bengal), some of the older Per- 

varieties for local conditions. netianas. 

This might be compared with the life- 30.— Some Hybrid Teas, most Pernetianas. 

expectancy tables of insurance companies i;Z^^re"S\\\^lafiKHrbrif 

—a human of a given age may expect to with Tea dominance). 

live so many more years provided all goes 15.— Himalaya group (Sericea, Glomerata, etc.). 

well with him. 10.— Moschata group, Cherokee, Bracteata. 

The following table, arbitrary and f.zlr'lnd'^'NoTetrTroups (including 

based on years of experimentation, may Gigantea). 

be used in computing the expectancy of ' , . • 1 1 

hardiness of a variety when we know the As an illustration ot how this table 

true ancestry of that varietv. This table works, let us consider the average Hybrid 



Perpetual. Theoretically, a Hybrid Per- 
petual is a cross of Centifolia and Chinen- 
sis. This gives us the ratio of 90 plus 35, 
average 62.5, so we may expect a Hybrid 
Perpetual to withstand uninjured about 
10° Fahr. below zero. This Hybrid 
Perpetual, crossed with a Tea, gives us 
the Hybrid Tea with a ratio of 62 plus 0, 
average 31 indicating that the true 
Hybrid Tea should be able to stand 5° 
Fahr. above zero. But the Hybrid Tea 
class is so complex that there is bound to 
be a great variation of hardiness. For 
instance, the above Hybrid Tea (31), 
crossed again with a Tea (10), practically 
remains a Hybrid Tea, yet its score goes 
down to 15, indicating a maximum hardi- 
ness of 20° Fahr. If this Hybrid Tea (15) 
is again crossed with another Hybrid Tea 
of direct Hybrid Perpetual and Tea 
parentage (31), the progeny of the cross 
will score 23y indicating a capacity to 
withstand a temperature of about 10° 
Fahr. 

The difference in hardiness between a 
Rambler and a Large -flowering Climber 
may be explained by their individual 
ratios. Dorothy Perkins (Wichuraiana 
100 plus Hybrid Perpetual 60) scores 80 
and stands 15° to 20° below zero, while 
Dr. W. Van Fleet (Wichuraiana 100 plus 
Hybrid Tea 30 plus Hybrid Tea 30) scores 
42.5 and will barely stand more than 5° 
below zero without protection. Silver 
Moon, which is supposed to be a hybrid 
of Wichuraiana, Hybrid Tea, and Chero- 
kee, scores about 37 and freezes badly at 
zero temperature. 

Pernetianas (ignoring for a moment 
their debilitating proclivity to early 
defoliation) are hardier than the average 
run of Hybrid Teas. Let's study Souvenir 
de Claudius Pernet: Antoine Ducher, 
Hybrid Perpetual 60 and Persian Yellow 
90, mean 75, which is Soleil d'Or, ex- 
tremely hardy, even more so than many 
Hybrid Perpetuals. The pollen of Soleil 
d'Or was probably applied to a strong 
Hybrid Tea, ratio 75 plus 30 mean 52.50. 
Some selfed seeds and interbreeding, 
then we know that Mme. Melanie 
Soupert, Hybrid Tea (30) was seed- 
parent of Lyon Rose which means 41.25. 
From Lyon Rose to Claudius came a long 
series of selfed seeds and cross-breeding. 



perhaps an occasional Hybrid Tea but 
always pollenized with a "direct descen- 
dant of Soleil d'Or," so it is most rational 
to assume to Claudius a rating of 40 to 
45 which tallies perfectly with our long 
experience with Claudius as a garden 
rose in various sections. 

Of course, all this is very theoretical 
and manv probabilities (should nature 
actually work with exact mathematics) 
are defeated or altered by local conditions 
such as barometer and wind, healthy 
status of the plants, etc. At any rate. 
Si non vera, bene trovato as said a Latin 
classic, which means **If not true it is at 
least well imagined." 

External hardiness, as the word implies, 
refers to conditions foreign to the con- 
stitution of a variety in a normal state 
of health and vegetation. 

Leonard Barron says that his roses 
winter much better than others in his 
vicinity (New York) because they are 
well fed and full of vitality when they 
are forced into winter dormancy. This 
stands to reason: hibernating animals 
fatten and grow a thick fur during the 
summer to subsist on during their pro- 
longed sleep; should they go into winter 
in a lean condition, they would never 
awaken in the spring. So it is with plants. 
The optimum state of health and nutri- 
tion depends not only on soil-fertility but 
also on the condition of the foliage 
throughout the season; foliage is the 
"fattening" agent of the plant. 

Atmospheric conditions either aggra- 
vate or lessen the effect of cold per 
thermometer: continuous cold winds from 
a same direction are more deadly than a 
much colder thermometer with a still 
atmosphere. A long-protracted cold spell, 
although not the maximum assigned to a 
variety, is more injurious than a short 
snap several degrees lower; for instance, 
a variety rated at 10° Fahr. will suffer 
less from a cold snap of 5° than h will 
from a long, continuous siege of 15°. 

The winter 1932-33 was not hard with 
us. There were two days of 5° and several 
10°, but, in all, it was a mild winter and 
very little damage was done. But I 
noticed that parts of some Large-flowered 
Climbers grew yellow foliage which even- 
tually died. When cutting those stems I 



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6 THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 

found that the pith was brown although the plants are covered ^itji soil and all 

the skin (epidermis) was normally green a,r excluded: Remove some of tl e ^.m on 

as if uninjured. Cold, aggravated by one side of the P''^"* bring tie plant 

wind had killed the pith, thus destroying gently on its side until it is nearl> Hat on 

1 "source of chloro?hyl (green coloring the ground, hold it thus w-th heavy wire 

matter) although it was not strong ?/"«- f"'' P''t."P,"T^- 7 Tn the orint 

enough to kill the plants entirelv. My the plant entire y buried. In the spring 

conclusion is that frost affects the pith bring the plant back up and it will he m 

first then the wood and bark. perfect condition 

To test the affect of cold per se, isolated Recently, a lady from Billings ^lont., 
from any atmospheric action, I had an visiting our gardens told me that she 
assortment of dormant rose plants, bare could grow Los Angeles to perfection and 
roots, immersed for thirty minutes in that it was "hardy." (B.Umgs experiences 
liquid air, thus freezing those plants, 40° below zero almost every winter.) In 
roots and tops, through to 293° below the fall she cuts the plants back to 8 
zero. On taking them out of the bath inches and piles up soil to cover them 
they were packed in moss and boxed, and entirely. Heavy, permanent snovv adds 
tiicsc boxes stored in a cellar for a month, to the protection. Moral: exclude sun 
When the plants were taken out I found and wind and any sudden change of 
that the soft wood and fibrous roots of temperature. , . 
late-season growth were cooked to shreds. In the central zone between north and 
but the main body of the plant was south, vegetation starts early and the 
sound, and, when pruned, the plants were plants are already full ot sap betore all 
of the size of any other plant properly danger of late frost is passed. 1 his con- 
handled at planting-time. They were dition is very bad on roses but has nothing 
potted and taken to a greenhouse where to do with hardiness proper. 1 he only 
they started at once to grow. way I can suggest to obviate it or min- 

Tender Hybrid Teas can be grown in imize the damage in part is to delay 

sections with the most severe winters if pruning as long as possible. 

$500 and Trophy Offered for a New Rose 

The magazine, Better Homes & Gardens, member of the Award Committee for 

proffers a trophy and $500 in cash for a close study and observation, also tor 

bush, everblooming, red rose, hardy in adaptability to other sections. 

Iowa without protection. j^e judging scale will be as follows: 

Points 

Ti^^A rr^t^Aitin^nt: Tiir^fnllv Hardiness in lowa without protection . .30 

Read Conditions Caretuiiy vigor and habit of growth lo 

Entries should be made with the Award Foliage and freedom from insects and diseases. 10 

Committee ofthe American Rose Society. gJ^^^^J^^^^i^/f^^^^^^ ; ; ; 1 

The plants are to be set in the Green- Remontant (everblooming) quality 10 

wood Park Rose Garden, Des Moines, Perfume H) 

Iowa established by the Des Moines ^^^^^^j ^^^^ ^^ postponed or withheld 

Garden Club. j|- ^^ entry scores at least 90 or even 93. 

Not less than ten plants should be sent. The donor of the prize reserves the 

and the rose shall have passed through privilege of naming the winning rose, 

at least two winters and two summers in ^j^^ Secretary, who is also chairman of 

the test-garden. ^j^^ ^^^^^ Committee, will supply addi- 

Plants must be delivered not later than tional information. 

spring, 1938, and the final judgment will ^11 who intend to submit roses for trial 

be made in summer, 1940. should write to him first for complete 

One plant should also be sent to each instructions. 



Are You Going to Portland? 



SURELY all members ofthe American 
Rose Society know by this time that 
the annual meeting of 1934 will be 
held in Portland, Ore., a city famed for 
years for its roses. The Society will be 
the guests of the Portland Rose Society 
which has in its competent care the ar- 
rangement of all details. The Pacific 
Rose Conference, and both its Central 
and Southern sections, will also meet in 
Portland at the same time. Everything 
points toward a splendid meeting, with a 
lot of good folks present who will be glad 
to know each other. 

For the benefit of eastern members who 
may be contemplating the trip, the follow- 
ing suggested schedules have been pre- 
pared. The Secretary will be glad to 
answer any questions concerning these 
schedules, or refer you to various agencies 
who will lend assistance: 

SUGGESTED SCHEDULES 

Lv. Boston July 7 

Lv. New York July 7 

Lv. Philadelphia July 7 

Lv. Washington July 7 

Lv. Richmond July 7 

Ar. Chicago July 8 

From Chicago to Portland, rnembers will 
travel on transcontinental trains with de 
luxe observation car and every travel con- 
venience. Suggested schedule is as follows: 

Lv. Chicago .... 
Ar. St. Paul ... 
Lv. St. Paul ■ • • 
Lv. Minneapolis . . 
Ar. Butte, Mont. . 
Lv. Butte, Mont. . 
Ar. Spokane, Wash. 
Lv. Spokane, Wash. 
Ar. Portland, Ore. . 

Members in Des Moines, St. Louis, and 
near-by territory can leave on July 8, travel- 
ing overnight to St. Paul or Minneapolis, 
joining other members July 9. 

SUGGESTED RETURN ROUTES 

\. Via Seattle, Wash., with side trip through 
Yellowstone Park. 

2. Via Seattle, Wash., with side trip through 

Glacier Park. 

3. Via Seattle, Wash., Vancouver, B. C, and 

the Canadian Rockies, with stops at Banff 
and Lake Louise, or at Jasper Park. 

4. Via Salt Lake City, Colorado Springs, and 

Denver. 

5. Via San Francisco and Los Angeles, vvith a 

number of optional routes and side trips. 







. 10.30 P.M. July 8 






. 8.20 a.m. July 9 






. 8.30 a.m. July 9 






. 9.10 a.m. July 9 






. 12.50 p.m. July 10 






. 12.55 p.m. July 10 






. 9.30 P.M. July 10 






. 9.35 P.M. July 10 






7.35 A.M. July 11 



RATES 

The 1934 summer rates are not definite 
from all points at this time, but to Port- 
land and return they will probably be as 
follows : 

From Boston $133.98 

New York 126.90 

Philadelphia 122.85 

Washington 120.75 

Richmond 122.75 

Chicago 86.00 

Des Moines 77.65 

With the elimination of the Pullman 
surcharge west of Chicago, a lower berth 
in a Standard Pullman sleeping-car from 
Chicago to Portland and return costs 
only $31.50, and an upper $25.20. 

The foregoing presents a general idea 
of the cost in time and money for a trip 
to Portland, our 1934 Convention City. 
Members who are thinking about the 
trip are invited to communicate with the 
Secretary (Box 687, Harrisburg, Pa.) for 
additional information. Home-town 
ticket agents and traffic representatives 
of several railways in Boston, New York, 
Philadelphia, Chicago, Des Moines, and 
other principal cities in the East and 
Middle West will also be glad to consult 
with you. 



Additional Medal Awards in 1933 

The following 1933 awards of the American 
Rose Society's medals were received since the 
report was published in the November-December 
issue : 

SILVER MEDAL 
To George Beech, Cardiff, Calif., for Best Rose 
in Show (Dame Edith Helen), at the show of 
the San Diego Rose Society, November 25. 

BRONZE MEDAL 

To George Beech, Cardiff, Calif., for most points 
in classes for quality, at the show of the San 
Diego Rose Society, November 25. 

To Mr. and Mrs. F. H. Lane, Chula Vista, Calif., 
for most points in classes for arrangement, at 
the show of the San Diego Rose Society, 
November 25. 

1920 Annual Wanted 

If any member wishes to dispose of his copy 
ofthe 1920 American Rose Annual, the Secretary 
would be pleased to know about it. 



fr 



8 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



From Pennsylvania 

I tried to make my report for the 
*'Proof of the Pudding" as bnet as 
possible this season and only reported 
on varieties in which I found some httle 
virtue, as I had in my garden this year 
at least 175 new roses and unnamed seed- 
lings not tried out before, most ot which 
were not in commerce. Of course, lots ol 
them I could not report on. 

There were so many of these new roses 
that 1 got from Europe-65 varieties in 
all, two plants of each— and 1 think l 
commented on about half a dozen, but 
the rest of them w^ere just roses. Kate 
Mull was one of the finest, but as it is 
not in commerce anywhere, so lar as 1 
know, I did not comment on it. I here 
were others, like Aureate, that foreign 
nurserymen used a half column to de- 
scribe which were certainly just ordinary 
roses, if not altogether worthless. 

Regarding several of these so-called 
everblooming Hybrid Teas that I tried 
out the last year or so, such as Blaze and 
Allen's Fragrant Pillar, the first only had 
a few blooms in June and none thereafter 
on my three plants, and the second had 
no blooms at all, yet they are sold as 
everblooming hardy climbers. Why don t 
some of these nurserymen boost the merits 
ofthe good old Zephirine Drouhin? That's 
a rose that nobody seems to know or say 
anything about, and It should be resus- 
citated and given plenty of publicity. You 
could even call It a new variety m the 
"Proof of the Pudding," and I don't 
believe that many people would know the 
difference. It Is as hardy as an oak, 
thornless, has disease-proof foliage, and 
blooms just as freely In the fall as any oi 
the so-called everblooming Climbing 
Hybrid Teas.— C. R. McGinnes. 



From Illinois 

As Is sometimes noted In the Annual, 
here In Illinois, 75 miles south of Chicago, 
and In the Lake Region generally, we 
seem to have a peculiar problem — winter 
Injury even though the season may be 
moderate, very cold, or changeable. 

The Idaho grower, W. J. Boone, m the 
January Magazine relates the sad story 
of a "rose-killer" winter of 1932-33. That 



Is our story here every winter; always 
dead wood clear to the mound ot earth 
protection. Leaves, brush etc help none 
whatever— have tried with and without. 

I seldom lose a plant outright, but my 
beds of roses are a sorry sight every spring 
when finally cleared off and pruned— 
just an array of sticky stubs! But soon 
the lovely bronze foliage comes, and, as 
a miracle, I am soon spying buds, but our 
bushes are grand If one reaches 2 teet in 
height! I used Massey dust the two past 
years with fine results. 

My greatest sorrows about roses are 
with the climbers. The "hardy' ones, 
according to all catalogues, die clear back 
two years out of three here, so arbors are 
a joke most of the time. Dorothy Perkins 
dies down as fast as any, and Dr. W. 
Van Fleet and Silver Moon seldom tail 
to do so, too. That Is a tragedy. One 
year my Mary Wallace was the town 
pride, but never again. But, I keep on 

trying. ^. T I ^ J 

Even so, I am not discouraged but do 
rather suffer w hen I read of those 5- and 
6-foot plants In the Annuals, and mine 
are so small. But they do bloom. 

— Etta B. Bailey. 

From Virginia 

The Garden Club of Virginia, one of our Sus- 
taining Member Clubs, maintains a Rose 1 est- 
Garden of state-wide importance at Boyce, in the 
care of Edward Gay Butler. He, in turn, works 
with interested members, designated as Ko- 
sarians," who undertake to grow and report on 
varieties which he recommends. Mr. Butler 
sends us the following: 

One of our Rosarians writes: "We have 
learned that all of us, with the help of the 
Rose Test-Garden of the Garden Club ot 
Virginia, can grow good roses, but it Is 
not a thing we can achieve in a more or 
less haphazard manner. Our Club, the 
Dolly Madison, has a five-mlnute report 
at each meeting from the Rosarian and a 
three-minute general discussion on new 
varieties, types, and other information 
regarding the rose. Our failure to use the 
dormant spray of lime-suIphur on the 
plants and ground was a mistake. After 
all, it is not so much what we have accom- 
plished in the past few months in pro- 
ducing fine roses, as the fact that we are 
headed In the right direction." 



Of the test roses tried by this efficient 
Rosarian, she thinks "Lucie Marie mar- 
velous, lasting for days; Lady Forteyiot 
better in bud and should be disbudded; 
Joanna Hill dignified and quiet, restful to 
live with.'* 

Summarizing the Reports of the 
Rosarians 

Fertilizers. The great majority of those 
reporting used well-rotted cow-manure; 
half used bonemeal also; others, for 
additional stimulants, used tankage, sul- 
phate of ammonia, Stimuplant Tablets, 
manure water, and specially prepared 
garden fertilizers. No one reported using 
hardwood ashes, which contain potash 
and are helpful in producing longer 
stems and Improving the color of the 

bloom. 

Dusts and Sprays. All reported some 
black-spot, which was prevalent all over 
the country last year. For this trouble 
most of the Rosarians used the Massey 
dust marketed under different trade 
names; others used bordeaux mixture; 
one used equal parts of dry bordeaux 
mixture and dry lime-sulphur, and added 
snuff for the aphis, with good results. 
For aphis, many proprietary sprays and 
tobacco dust were also used. 

Dormant Spray. Lime-sulphur in Janu- 
ary and February was effective and 
should be used over plants and beds. 

Mulches. Buckwheat hulls, peat-moss, 
tobacco dust and well-rotted manure were 
used. The last w^as used on some of the 
beds in the Rose Test-Garden, with very 
excellent results. Mrs. W. W. GIbbs, of 
the Augusta Club, reports using the same 
Buckwheat hulls again as a mulch that 
she had used the previous year, but 
attributing a bad infection of black-spot 
to this old mulch, she removed it, applied 
tankage, and covered the beds with w^ell- 
rotted manure, which produced new, 
healthy growth and bloom. 

Planting. The results of spring planting 
were not as favorable as fall planting, 
except in two or three cases. In the effort 
to establish itself and to bloom at the 
same time, the development of the rose 
bush was retarded. 

Disbudding until the late summer- 
blooming period caused very good growth 



of spring-planted roses for our Rosarian 
in Lexington. 

The Rosarian in Leesburg reported 
trouble with carpenter bees. In pruning 
the dead wood or infected growth, she 
painted the cut ends to offset their 
attacks. — Edward Gay Butler. 

From Texas * 

In the January issue, Dr. Marek 
started on the right highway to the rain- 
bow but did not go far enough. He com- 
plains of not finding a list of fellow 
rosarians in his part of the country. Did 
he ever look at his membership book? I 
find about forty members in Iowa in my 
1932 Members' Handbook. I can find 
not only near-by members In It but have 
had valuable information from numerous 
members from the four points of the 
compass, some of whom I do not know' or 
had ever written to before. 

For Instance, very recently I wanted a 
referendum on a point in the cultural 
method of rose-planting. I wrote to 
twenty members, who, from my reading 
of the Annuals, I knew had had wide 
experience In rose-planting. I received by 
return mail sixteen letters answering my 
questionnaire. Many of these writers 
may never have heard of me, but I was a 
rosarian In need of help, and they re- 
sponded promptly. 

Yes, the American Rose Society may 
have had a decrease In membership these 
last tw o years, and I am sure the Depres- 
sion was the cause in most Instances; but 
here Is a fact I do know, hundreds of 
rose-lovers will spend $20 for rose plants, 
plant them without proper instructions 
(the lack of proper knowledge in rose- 
planting is amazing), and then when they 
do not grow and bloom like their neigh- 
bors' bushes (who had first given much 
time and study to the subject) they blame 
it on poor plants, bad soil, or the weather. 
This same party thinks $3.50 per year 
too much insurance to pay, when often 
if he had read the American Rose Annual 
year after year he would have soon found 
out that this small amount was anything 
but wasted. Not only the Annual, but 
think of the many rose books that can 
be had from the Society's Circulating 



10 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Library. I could name six, any one of 
which, if read and put into practice, 
would cover the whole field of rose- 
growing. 

The current Annual cannot go on 
printing simple instructions for the 
beginner. If it did, the rosarian of more 
advanced experience would soon lose 
interest. I J^elieve the American Rose 
Society has filled the need of beginners 
when they send, free, "What Every Rose 
Grower Should Know" to every new 
member. I can only wonder what more 
Dr. Marek would want in "practical 
help, guidance, and rose-lore." 

Then, there is our little Rose Magazine. 
How I look forward to its arrival! The 
last issue was particularly valuable, it 
seemed to me; first, news of our next 
Annual Meeting; next, scale of points for 
judging roses (so few rose shows use any 
standard rules) and those pages give 
valuable information to judges and ex- 
hibitor alike. 

Then on pages 8 and 9 it gives a good 
list of novelty roses and where you can 
buy them, which will help amateur and 
expert alike. 

And last comes rose news from Wis- 
consin, Colorado, Texas, Washington, 
California, Oregon, and Illinois. I think 
that little Magazine is chuck full of 
rose news. 

I w^ould like to give my vote of thanks 
to our Editor and those worthy men and 
women who have made the American 
Rose Annual what it is today. I have 
every copy from 1916 to 1933, and it 
improves yearly. 

— Hally Bradley Hampton. 

From California 

I am too far away to attend the 
Society's rose meetings, or the Seattle or 
Portland shows. The question of tight 
buds is always coming up here, and, 
locally, people go strong for Lulu and 
Irish Elegance and bring them to the 
Show tight as tight can be. I simply 
won't enthuse over them. / had a box for 
six roses at our show, and showed the 
perfect exhibition roses in it, but many 
still like the tight buds! 

In the last issue, you ask, "What is 



wrong? Why do you lose members like 
Dr. Marek? f/e is wrong! He expects the 
Annual to do it all! There are many like 
him. What is wanted is to go on growing 
roses and taking as good care of them as 
you are able and observe. Little points 
will come up, such as how deep to plant?, 
why is this rose sick?, and why is there 
canker on this one? I read all the Annuals 
and all the good rose books, but really it 
is only when I am working over the roses 
and observing their differences that I 
make any advance. 

The first year I planted roses I thought 
I was doing it perfectly! The second year 
I noticed my technique had improved; 
and this year it is better yet; but I know 
it is not yet perfect, for next year I shall 
again do better. 

The roses which are planted too deeply 
many times develop canker, and wild 
roses do not want much water in the 
summer — and so it goes. 

I contend that Dr. Marek is expecting 
the American Rose Society to do it all! 
He will get more from working and study- 
ing his roses. Then, as Emerson says, 
"with a mind braced by labor and inven- 
tion" his reading will be illumined with 
fresh light, and the Annuals will glow for 
him. 

I don't w^ant help from the Annual; all 
I want is news of what others are doing 
and not too much discussion of blight, 
canker, and mildew. Canker comes from 
wrong planting, nine times out of ten. 

Dr. Marek ought to write to some of 
the other members. He wants a forum; 
let's start one! He could ask all the 
questions he could think of and send 
them to a dozen of the members. Then, 
he ought to get something to keep him 
busy! — Maud E. Scrutton. 

From Utah 

I must say a word for glorious Golden 
Dawn. The first year it was good, second 
year better, and the third year surpassed 
all other yellow roses for quality of bloom. 
It is clear yellow of a lemon shade and 
has unusual perfume and always the 
crimson touch on the back of the bloom 
is lovely. It blooms early, late, and all 
the time. — Alice D. Williams. 



Trustees' Meeting 

HARRISBURG, PA., FEBRUARY 19, 1934 

Meeting was called to order in the office of the flowering types represented ^?Jtlf^2 et?''''"' 

c;,.rrptirv at 10 A M bv the President. Present: Else Poulsen, Salmon Spray, Latayette, etc. 

lieK rdson Wright Dr. J. Horace McFarhmd, Varieties which do not conform to these types 

SSPennc^k Robert Pyle. J. H. Nicolas, Leonard to be assigned to the one which they most nearly 

Barron D^f. Men Kirk G. A. Stevens, Officers resemble, pending the time when a proper e assi- 

.nd Trustees, and R. Ma ion Hatton, Chairman fieation for them can be arranged. The isolated 

f the Committee on Rules for Exhibitions and Gruss an Aachen to be classed hereafter as 1 l.T. 

Awards Tgrets from: The Rev. Earl W. 3. The climbing roses to be broken mto three 

^:^^aZL^'!r!:^^:u^^'^t "irK* designated R.. to include all 

^rmi'tmanCrossf Chairman of the National ^^^ff^r^-f-.^^i:^^^^^^^^^^ 

Rose Garden Committee. HybridluSflora and H.\^. for Hybrid VVichu- 

Reoort of the Secretary raiana. Hereafter the symbol R. will take the 

Keport oi ine aecrewiry ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^„ ^^.^^^^ 

I have to report that the number of members K„^„,l' p„kins R instead of Dorothy Perkins, 

,o date is 1738. and the number of members ^°vV. and CHmson Rambler, R., instead of 

last year on the same date was loo5. Un reb- * . ' t>„^lIo». H M 

ruary" 1 we had cash available of ^8(^ 73 and ^\^,7gri^brgip;,Vs of Hybrid Teas retam their 

last year on the same date ^^^^ad ^^'f^^j^^) i ^ '^^^^^ classification as Climbing Hybrid Teas, 

we have also made an mvestment ot $1,^8^ m H'" ^vmhol CUT 

Government bonds, which can be used, if we ^^^ Vj^f, ^^^er climbing roses with large flowers 

""''"^ '' l^'lR^'f^' Xuf $5^ rn'or^tCnte^^ to b1 classed as Large-florveririg Climbers .jh the 

use are $6,780.73. about 55500 more than we Had j^^j ^ C. This class includes such diverse 

at this time last year. ^ ^ jj q d^. W. Van Fleet, Mary 

Our income per member in 1933 was $3,75. Wes ^ ^^ j^^' ^^^^-^^ j Scorcher, 

Our expense per member was $3.30. The previous J^^f ^4^^?,, Staechelin. Miss Marion Mani- 

year our income per member was $3.50 and our f{j\Z 

expense $3.64. For the nine years Previous to »oid et classification of Hybrid Teas, 

1932 our average expense per member was $3.20 j^^j^ ' ted H T to stand and to be extended to 

so 1933 was 10 cents above the average and 1932 ™f ^^^j Pernetiana roses of similar habit, 

was 44 cents above the average. This statement '^^^f^^^' .^e word Pernetiana as the name of 

shows that the Society is living withm its income ?^fS but retaining it where advisable as the 

and IS able to save a I^" k money^ Last year this the^ciass. b t^^^.^ ^.^g .^ ^^^ ^^^^.^ ^^^^^ ^^^ 

saving amounted to $z,OUU, wnicn was put into . ^^^iconc 

United States bonds, which we believe we will be ^^^^^.^^X^ided to accept, for the present, the 

able to hold, unless some extraordinary expense j^^;^/^^/ ^^^ requirements set up by the 

*^c£Hrs this year. . National Rose Society of England for exhibition 

The Trustees expressed satisfaction with the iNationai ixobc ju^itr^y g, 

Secretary's report and it was adopted without blooms. . 

The discussion which followed the motion to 

Report of the Committee on Reclassification adopt this report was lead by Dr. McFarland, 

by Leonard Barron, Chairman who urged that some form of cooperation with 

,, D ^ J foreign rose societies would be desirable. He 

Mr. Barron reported: .• • m v t suggested that conferences by mail be arranged 

Your Committee held a meeting in New York ^^ngg^^^J^^Vnglish-speaking rose organizations. 

September 27, 1933 PreseTit were J. H Nicolas. wii | several questions about the 

G. A. Stevens, and Leonard Barron. The follow- ^^^^^^'^^^^^jch the Society would maintain its 

mg conclusions were reached and agreed upon: way^n w ^,^^^ l^ and the botanical 

1. The names of all old types of roses and the ^f^^^J^^/ J^^hjch roses belong if this horticultural 
accepted symbols for them shall be lett intact. ^j^^^f^^^^J^.j^^ ^,,^ adopted.^ 

such as. jj^^ Chairman explained that this classifica- 

Centifolia Cent. ^j^^^ ^^s intended to simplify the listing of roses 

Bourbon Bour. -^^ commercial catalogues and in publications of 

China C. ^^^ Society only. That it was not intended to 

Gallica GaL supersede or abolish the botanical classification 

Hybrid Perpetual . . . H.P. ^f ^.^g^g j^y ^j^^se who wish to retain it. Never- 

2. The Polyanthas to be grouped into two theless, he hoped that publishers of catalogues 
classes: and writers on the subject would adopt this 

Polyantba Pompons to be abbreviated by the classification. j .• i • 

symbol P.P., to include roses of the type of Mr. Wright said that he approved this classi- 

Orleans Rose, La Marne, Chatillon Rose, fieation because of its simplicity, that he teit that 

Eblouissant, etc. anything which made it easier tor people to 

Polyanthas, designated P., to include the large- understand the description of a rose was desir- 



12 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



able. As the discussion continued, it became 
evident that the Trustees believed this report 
should be adopted at once and that no attempt 
should be made to ask other organizations to 
conform. However, informal discussions and con- 
ferences might go forward toward achieving some 
kind of a uniformity throughout the English- 
speaking rose societies. , 

There was further discussion as to the advisa- 
bihty of changing the names of the two groups of 
Polyanthas to designate roses of the type of 
Orleans Rose, La Marne, Chatillon Rose, Eblou- 
issant as Polyanthus (P.), and call the large- 
flowering type, such as Kirsten Poulsen, Else 
Poulsen, Salmon Spray, Lafayette, etc., Po/y- 
antha Hvhrids (P.KL). • , ^ u 

The discussion ended inconclusively when the 
Chairman pointed out that it was believed by his 
Committee that the small-tlowered or Pompon 
type was a waning type of roses which would 
probably disappear within a few years, leavmg 
the name Polyantha to stand to represent the 
race, almost all of which at that time would be 
the large-ttowered type. 

Upon motion this report was unanimously ap- 
proved and adopted, to be put into effect at once. 

Report of the Committee on Rules for 
Exhibitions and Awards 

Mr. Hatton presented his report, which was 
substantially the same as that published in the 
January issue of the American Rose Magazine. 
Fie mentioned certain modifications and sugges- 
tions wiiich had been made by other Trustees 
and interested members, and the Secretary read 
opinions from letters which he had received. 

The Trustees discussed every section of this 
report and acted on them individually. Some 
modifications were made. As finally adopted the 
report stands as follows: It goes into effect im- 
mediately, except for the rules governing the 
Award of Medals for new varieties which will be 
deferred until January 1, 1935. 

Rules for Exhibitions 
and Awards 



Amateur Shows 

Rules Governing Awards of Medals to 
Competitors at Amateur Rose Shows 

L Sustaining Member Clubs and Affiliated 
Societies may offer one Silver and two Bronze 
Medals of the American Rose Society at any 
rose show (or any flower show where rose classes 
predominate) upon condition that the Secretary 
of the American Rose Society, having been 
notified in advance, has authorized such prizes; 
provided that the judging at the show is con- 
ducted according to the rules of the American 
Rose Society, by members of the American Rose 
Society, and that the awards, certified by the 
judges, shall be reported to the Secretary of the 
American Rose Society within two weeks after 
the show. 



Awards to Non-Members 

2. An Annual Membership in the American 
Rose Society may be offered as a prize for roses 
in classes for non-members only, at any rose 
show in the United States or Canada (or any 
flower show where roses are featured) on condi- 
tion that the Secretary of the American Rose 
Society, having been notified in advance, has 
authorized offering the prize, and that the award 
shall be confirmed to him within two weeks after 
the show. American Rose Society judges are not 
required in this case. 

Rules for Judges 

3. American Rose Society judges must dis- 
qualify exhibits that are not named, wrongly 
named, or not worthy. 

4. Specimen blooms of Teas, Hybrid Teas, 
Hybrid Perpetuals must have been grown dis- 
budded. Side-buds will disqualify the bloom; 
evidence of very recent disbudding will be 
penalized at half the score for stems. 

5. At the time of judging an exhibition rose 
should be in the most perfect phase of its possible 
beauty. The bloom should have abundant petals 
of good substance, gracefully arranged within a 
circular outline, half or three parts open, and have 
a well-formed center. Buds will not qualify as 
blooms. 

6. In showing large-flowered Climbers and 
Ramblers, only one bloom lateral is admissible. 

7. Judges should know whether a particular 
bloom is true to type, in form, size, and color, 
and must not discriminate between types be- 
cause of personal prejudice. 



SCORE OF POINTS FOR JUDGING 

Teas (T.), Hybrid Teas (H.T.), and Hybrid 
Perpetuals (H.P.) 

8. Cut-blooms exhibited in vases: 

Color 30 

Form 30 

Size 15 

Stem 10 

Foliage 15 

Polyanthas (P.) and Polyantha Pompons (P.P.) 

9. Sprays of bloom exhibited in vases: 

Color _ 20 

Number of Flowers in Spray . 20 

Size of Flowers 20 

Quality and Condition of Bloom . 20 
Foliage 20 

Large-flowered Climbers (L.C.) 

10. Bloom laterals exhibited in vases: 

Color 30 

Size of Flowers 30 

Quality and Condition of Bloom . . 20 
Foliage 20 



Ramblers (R.) 

11. Bloom laterals exhibited in vases: 

Color 30 

Number of Flowers in Spray •• ^0 
Quality and Condition of Bloom . 30 
Foliage 20 

Shrubs, Species, and All Roses Not Other- 
wise Specified 

12. Bloom laterals exhibited in vases: 

Quality of Bloom 60 

Foliage ^0 

Arrangements 

13. Large vases, baskets, bowls, etc., of roses, 
regardless of the type of bloom used. 

Arrangement 50 

Quality of Bloom 30 

Foliage -0 



II 

Exhibition Roses* 

Shown in Boxes 

For high-class blooms, 3 points shall be given; 
2 for medium; 1 for those not so good, but not 
bad enough to cut out; and 1 or even 2 extra • 
points for a very superior bloom. For each bad 
bloom, 1 point shall be taken off. No point shall 
be allowed for a bloom left tied by an exhibitor. 

A typical bloom of a 3-point rose (which may 
be carried by one of the judges) shall be selected 
and referred to as necessary in order to keep up 
a uniform standard throughout the exhibits. 

In case of trebles (which, if shown in boxes, 
must be arranged triangularly) each treble shall 
be regarded as a unit, and not as three separate 
blooms. Points must therefore be given as in 
first rule: 3 points for the best treble; 2 points 
for a medium treble; and so on. 

Where the blooms are of equal merit, the 
judges shall proceed to consider their general 
evenness, variety, arrangement, freshness, and 
setting up in the stands, the boxes being placed 
side by side and in the same light for the purpose 
of comparison. 



Ill 

Novelties 

Rules Governing Awards of Medals for 
New Varieties 

At shows and in the open ground 

1. The Gold Medal of the American Rose 
Society may be awarded at shows and exhibitions 
for novelties or new varieties only. 

*For this Section, the Committee thought it wise to 
adopt for the time being, at least, the rules of the National 
Rose Society ( England ) whose many years' experience in 
managing shows of this kind have demonstrated a thorough 
understanding of the subject. — R. M. H. 



2. The Gold Medal of the American Rose 
Society may be awarded to the originator, or his 
assigns, for a new rose not yet disseminated, 
whether of domestic or foreign origin, which 
scores not less than 90 points, judged upon the 
oflTicial scale of the American Rose Society, in 
accordance with the rules of the American Rose 
Society, provided: 

(a) That the Secretary of the American Rose 
Society, having been duly notified in advance, 
has authorized the award. 

(6) That the rose has been registered with the 
American Rose Society. 

(c) That the rose has been judged by three 
accredited judges of the American Rose Society, 
approved by the Secretary. 

(d) That the awards certified by the judges 
shall be reported to the Secretary of the American 
Rose Society within two weeks after the show. 

3. The Silver Medal of the American Rose 
Society may be awarded to the originator, or his 
assigns, for a meritorious new rose not yet dis- 
seminated, whether of domestic or foreign origin, 
which scores not less than 85 points, judged upon 
the official scale of the American Rose Society, 
in accordance with the rules of the American 
Rose Society, provided: 

(a) That the Secretary of the American Rose 
Society, having been duly notified in advance, 
has authorized the award. 

(b) That the rose has been registered with the 
American Rose Society. 

(c) That it has been judged by three accredited 
judges of the American Rose Society, approved 
by the Secretary. 

(d) That the awards certified by the judges 
shall be reported to the Secretary of the American 
Rose Society within two weeks after the show. 

4. To be judged for these awards at least 
twelve (12) blooms or two (2) potted plants must 
be shown. In the case of varieties obviously in- 
tended for garden use, the judges may request 
plants to be shown. 

5. Garden varieties may be scored while 
blooming in the open ground, provided arrange- 
ments are made with the Secretary, and the 
owner of the plants bears the expense of the 
judging. 

6. In judging garden roses blooming in the 
open ground, it is not necessary that the three 
judges examine them simultaneously. 

7. Although an undisseminated novelty rose 
may be awarded these honors at different shows, 
only one medal will be delivered, 

8. The Executive Committee of the American 
Rose Society shall appoint competent judges in 
different sections who may be assigned by the 
Secretary to judge all novelty roses competing 
for the Society's medals. 

9. Requests for judges to judge novelties 
should preferably be made to the Secretary of the 
American Rose Society, Harrisburg, Pa., at 
least thirty days before they are to be scored. 



14 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



10. Shrub roses, species hybrids, and roses not 
otherwise specified shall be considered at the 
discretion of the judges. 

11. All plants exhibited in the open ground 
should be seen by the judges at intervals at 
least three times in the same year. 

1 ^. Medals must not be awarded to any rose 
exhibited under a name different from that given 
it by its originator. 

SCALE OF POINTS FOR JUDGING 
NOVELTIES 

1 5 Teas (T.), Hybrid Teas (H.T.), and 
Hybrid Perpetuals (H.P.) 



Florists' Varieties, Cut-Flowers: 

Color !?. 

Substance . 
Form . . . 
Fragrance . 
Size . . • 
Stem 



10 
15 
10 
10 
15 



Foliage J^ 

Distinctiveness or Novelty . . 15 

14 Teas (T.), Hybrid Teas (H.T.), and 
Hybrid Perpetuals (H.P.) 

Garden Varieties, Potted Plants, or Plants in 
Open Ground: 

Color j5 

Substance J^ 

Form 1 5 

Fragrance 1^ 

Stem, Habit, Vigor, and Foliage 20 
Distinctiveness or Novelty . . . 



. 25 



15. 



Polyanthas (P.), and Polyantha 

Pompons (P.P.) 

Garden Varieties, Potted Plants, or Plants in 
Open Ground: 

Color and Color Persistence .... 20 

Fragrance 5 

Quality and Floriferousness .... 25 

Foliage 25 

Novelty 25 

16. Large-flowered Climbers (L.C.) 

Garden Varieties, Potted Plants, or Plants in 
Open Gound: 

Color and Color Persistence .... 20 

Form ,5 

Floriferousness and Persistence of 

Bloom 20 

Fragrance . . 1^ 

Size ... 5 

Foliage 15 

Vigor ... 10 

Novelty 15 

17. Ramblers (R.) 

Garden Varieties, Potted Plants, or Plants in 
Open Ground: 



Color and Color Persistence .... 20 

Fragrance „ l^ 

Floriferousness and Persistence ot 

Bloom 2^ 

Foliage \/ 

Vigor ^ 

Novelty '-^' 

18. Shrub Roses, Species Hybrids, and 
Roses not Otherwise Specified 

Potted Plants, or Plants in Open Ground: 
Judges will consider such roses at their dis- 
cretion. 

At this point the Trustees were shown colored 
moving pictures taken by Mr. Pennock during 
the pilgrimage to Mrs. Foote's rose-garden at 
Marbiehead, Mass., last summer while the 
Society was meeting in Boston. Immediately 
after, the meeting adjourned to the Penn-Harris 
Hotel where it was continued after luncheon. 

Report of the National Rose-Garden 
Committee 

The Secretary read a note from Dr. Whitman 
Cross, Chairman, stating that some progress had 
been made but that he is not ready to make a 
definite report. His Committee is active and he 

, believes that some results may be expected before 

* the next meeting of the Trustees. 

Annual Meeting in Portland 

(a) Because it was not likely that many of the 
Trustees from the eastern states will be able to 
attend the annual meeting in Portland, it was 
voted to hold the next Trustees' meeting in 
Roanoke, Va., on May 30, 1934, with a possible 
visit to the rose show of the Garden Club ot 
Virginia, a Sustaining Member Club, which will 
be held in Staunton, Va., on May 31. The object 
of this meeting will be to clear up matters in the 
hands of the eastern Trustees before the annual 
meeting. The regular annual meeting of the 
Trustees is to be called in Portland, previous to 
the annual meeting of the Society. 

(b) The request of the Portland Rose Society, 
to offer the Nicholson Bowl at their rose show in 
1934, was granted on the same conditions as 
last year. 

(c) In the disability of the Vice-President, the 
selection of a presiding officer at the Portland 
meeting was left to the discretion of the Secre- 
tary, with the suggestion that one of the Trustees 
be invited to assume this function. 

(d) The Trustees voted to pay the expenses 
of the Secretary's visit to the annual meeting in 
Portland. 

Publication of the Members* Handbook 

There was considerable discussion concerning 
the advisability of reprinting all of the Members' 
Handbook. Several Trustees reported that they 
felt it was inadvisable to print the list of members, 
and some suggested that the list of members be 



printed without addresses. It was held that the 
rules of the Society, its Constitution, its Sug- 
gestions to Members, the Catalogue of the 
Circulating Library, List of Gardens Open to 
Members, etc., constituted an important service 
of permanent character to the membership, 
which should be printed in the Handbook. Alter 
much discussion the question of publication was 
referred to a Committee consisting of the Presi- 
dent, Editor, and Secretary, who are to decide 
definitely upon the cost, and the size of the 
edition to be printed. 

Memberships 

(a) The Trustees voted to confer Honorary 
Membership upon Secretaries of other National 
Rose Societies who exchange their publications 
with us. These include: 

Mons. Bansillon, Secretaire General de la 
Societe Francaise des Rosieristes, 26 PI. Tolozan, 
Lyon, France. 

E. J. Ludding, Secretary, Nos Jungunt Roste, 
Moreelselaan, Utrecht, Netherlands. 

M. Van Oost, President, La Societe des Amis 
de la Rose, Ghent, Belgium. 

J. William Firth, Hon. Secretary, Rose Society 
of Victoria, 89 Flinders St., Thornbury, Victoria, 
Australia. 

James E. Eaton, Hon. Secretary, National 
Rose Society of New South Wales, Rutherglen, 
41 Chatham Rd., West Ryde, New South Wales, 
Australia. 

F. D. Kendall, Hon. Secretary, National Rose 
Society of South Australia, 1 Dickson St., 
Clarence Park, Adelaide, South Australia. 

C. C. Hillary, Esq., Hon. Secretary, National 
Rose Society of West Australia, In care of Educa- 
tion Department at Perth, West Australia. 

T. A. Stewart, Editor, Australian Rose Annual, 
34 Queen Street, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. 

Miss Hazel A. Webster, Secretary, The Rose 
Society of Ontario, 1189 Yonge St., Toronto, 
Ontario. 

K. A. Ryerson, Chief, Bureau of Plant Indus- 
try, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Wash- 
ington, D. C. 

Prof. Nicolas Kitchounov, Institute of Plant 
Industry of the Lenin Academy of Agricultural 
Sciences, Leningrad, Russia. 

N. Ma. Rubio, Ajuntament de Barcelona, 
Direccio de Pares Publics. 

Dr. Bruno Braschi, Direttore dei Giardini Villa 
Umberto I, Rome. 

J. de Vink, in care of J. W. de Vink & Fils, 
Booskoop, Netherlands. 

G. A. Stevens, Secretary American Rose 
Society. 

Mr. Nicolas informed the other Trustees that 
he had received a letter from Mons. Jean 
Muraour, in Paris, informing him of the death 



of Mons. Dupeyrat, an Honorary Life Member 
of this Society. The Secretary was instructed to 
have a letter of sympathy written to Mme. 
Dupeyrat, expressing the sorrow and regret of 
the American Rose Society. 

(a) The Trustees conferred Honorary Life 
Membership upon: 

Mons. Nomblot, Secretaire General, La 
Societe Nationale de Horticulture de France, 
84 Rue la Crenelle, Paris. 

Louis Walter, President, La Societe Alsa- 
cienne et Lorraine des Amis des Roses, Saverne, 
France. 

(b) There was some discussion as to the ad- 
visability of quoting membership dues in foreign 
currency because of unsettled conditions of the 
exchange rate. It was unanimously agreed to 
quote the Society's subscriptions in dollars only, 
to be paid at the current rate of exchange. 

It was reported that some members in France 
still remitted their subscriptions at the rate^of 
exchange in existence in 1914 when the franc was 
worth about five times as much as it is now. The 
Secretary was instructed to continue to accept 
such payments but to inform the members that 
the American Rose Society's dues were payable 
in dollars. 

Dr. McFarland explained to the Trustees that 
he had arranged with Barclays Bank, Ltd., 4 
Viers Street, London, W. 1, England, to carry 
an account in his name and that they had agreed 
that British or Continental members could pay 
their subscriptions into the bank which would be 
credited to his account, and that he would re- 
imburse the Society in this country in dollars 
for equal amounts, or that he would cash checks 
on British banks endorsed by the Secretary and 
deposit them to his account in Barclays Bank. 

It was resolved that Barclays Bank, Ltd., 
4 Viers St., London, W. 1, be authorized to 
receive subscriptions for the Society and place 
them to the credit of an account standing in their 
books in the name of Dr. J. Horace McFarland. 

(c) The Trustees resolved that no refund 
would be made to local societies on Commercial, 
Sustaining, or Life memberships. 

(d) The Trustees decided that members living 
in Dallas and vicinity, whose dues were paid by 
nursery firms, do not constitute bona-fide 
members of the Dallas Chapter for this year, 
but that if they renew their membership next 
year through the Secretary of the Dallas Chapter, 
that organization is entitled to a refund on 
next year's dues. 

(e) Request from the Dixie Rose Nursery for 
a refund on the memberships which they are ob- 
taining for us was discussed at considerable 
length, and Mr. Pyle observed that at one time 
it was customary to allow a nursery firm to 
retain 50 cents of the $3.50 dues of all members 
which they obtained by correspondence, adver- 
tising, etc. 

The Trustees voted to grant this privilege to 



16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



...II nursery Urms, effective March 1. 1934. After 
that date nursery firms may retain 50 cents ot 
the $3.50 dues on each membership that tney 
obtain for the Society. 

( {) The Trustees resolved that postage expense 
incurred by Local Secretaries and Vice-Presidents 
in membership drives and similar expense ot 
local Rose Societies should not be paid by the 
American Rose Society. 

Miscellaneous 

1 The Trustees authorized the Secretary to 
transfer the dies for the Medal of the American 
Rose Society to the Medallic Art Company, 
New York City. 

2 The Trustees authorized the Editor to 
donate a set of the American Rose Annuals to 
Ontario Horticultural College, and left to his 
discretion what books should be supplied to 
Rider College, Trenton, N. J. 

3 The communication from the Pennsylvania 
Horticultural Society regarding discontinuance 
of their annual contribution to the Rose Disease 
Research Fund was acknowledged with regret 
and understanding. 

4 The Trustees resolved that the distribution 
of the rose, Sentinel, should be carried out as 
originally planned, and that the Secretary be 
instructed to announce the fact that one plant 
of the rose, Sentinel, would be supplied to each 
member who remitted 25 cents to pay for the 
cost of packing and mailing. 

5. The possibility of publishing a new book on 
Rose Pests, to be distributed to the members in 
the same manner as "What Every Rose Grower 
Should Know," was discussed and favored by 
the Trustees. The Editors were instructed to 
determine the status of the manuscript for such 
a book and to obtain cost estimates and submit 
to the meeting in Roanoke next May. 

6. Considerable discussion occurred concerning 
the possibility of preparing a list of approved 
roses for the members, and various methods ot 
collecting data were discussed. Nothing definite 
was arrived at, although the Secretary and 
Editor were encouraged to continue their present 
efforts. 

7. A brief discussion was held concerning the 
present status of tiie Committee on Conrimercial 
Rose Interests, but no definite decision was 
arrived at. 

8. The Secretary reported that he had replied 
to a letter from Florence Wade of the National 
Flower and Garden Show, requesting this Society 
to unite with other horticultural organizations 
in providing a booth, but that previous adven- 
tures of that kind had been so unprofitable that 
the Society would not be justified in undertaking 
the expense. His action was approved. 

9. The President presented to Mr. Robert 
Pyle, former President and Secretary of the 
Society, the Society's Gold Medal which had 
been awarded last year, to be presented at the 
Annual Meeting in Boston. Because Mr. Pyle 



was absent in Europe at the time of the annual 
meeting, there had been no opportunity to 
deliver the medal until now. The inscription on 
the Medal reads as follows: 

To Robert Pyle, 
Former President and Secretary of this Society 

for 

his untiring effort and invaluable service 

to the Rose, Boston, 1933 

10 Mr. Pennock proposed that the thanks of 
the Society and Trustees be given to Dr. J. 
Horace McFarland for the continued high 
quality of the Society's publications and for his 
kindness and generosity for housing the Secre- 
tary's office and its records. Unanimously carried. 

11 Robert Pyle turned over to the President 
a bronze plaque presented to the American Rose 
Society by the City of Paris in honor of its partici- 
pation in the twenty-fifth Annual Concourse ot 
Roses at Bagatelle last summer. The bronze 
plaque was deposited with the Secretary, who 
was requested to send a letter of thanks to the 
Prefect of Paris. 

Mr. Pyle asked to be excused on account of 
another engagement, and left the meeting at 
3 o'clock. 

12. Mr. Nicolas urged that the Society have 
certificates prepared which should be delivered 
with medals when they were awarded by the 
Society. The Secretary was requested to get in 
touch with the Secretary of the New York 
Horticultural Society and the Massachusetts 
Horticultural Society to ascertain their practice. 

17. It was proposed by Mr. Nicolas that the 
Society obtain, by lease or purchase, a small plot 
of ground in the neighborhood of the Secretary s 
office, to be used as the depository for roses ot 
unusual interest which are in danger of being 
lost or becoming extinct. Considerable discus- 
sion ensued as to possibility of leasing or pur- 
chasing, particularly in view of the developments 
expected in the National Rose-Garden situation 
at Washington. Dr. McFarland explained at 
some length his notion of the Washington pro- 
ject, but it seemed to be the consensus of the 
Trustees that even if the Washington project 
were carried through as rapidly as possible, 
several years must elapse before a museum or 
sanctuary for unusual roses could be developed 
to any degree. In the meantime, it seemed to be 
highly desirable that a place be maintained by 
the Society for the safeguarding of such roses. 

Upon motion of Mr. Nicolas, and second by 
Mr. Barron, it was voted unanimously^ to au- 
thorize the Secretary, Editor, and President to 
lease or purchase a suitable tract of land which 
could be kept under the Secretary's supervision 
for the purpose of holding and safeguarding 
roses of important historical value, genet ical 
interest, and other qualities which would other- 
wise likely be lost, provided that such a piece ol 
land could be obtained and maintained for the 
year for not more than $500. 

The meeting adjourned at 3.30 p.m. 



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Do You Need the American Rose 
Society All Summer? 

EVERY live rose-grower wants to see what other live rose-growers 
Jf doing. T^e American Rose Society is the telephone switch- 
board for facilitating rose visits. 
You hear about new roses, you see new roses you want new roses. 
Where elte in all the world can you get as much fresh, up-to-date m- 
ffl^rmation-not catalogue information, but actual experience-about new 
rosTs as in ?he 1934 Annual? (Some of you may be members of a 
consumers" organization which tells you how to buy all sorts of thmgs 
safelv except roses. Your Annual makes that safe.) 

While last winter's freeze ought to have frozen out some bugs and 
botl^rs many^ then, will come back. You will have rose troubles 
V^ii ^nn't have to Buess how to meet them and control them if you have 
It Lndthellst word provided through the publications of the American 

Rose Society. , , • u i. „ 

Some of you, including the Editors, have seen and are seeing what a 

terr^rF^fe can do I a good rose-garden You X«'°""|. "f !•' he 
honed front-line information for next year's "Proof of the Pudding, the 
add test for roses, the test you can help to apply. You are asked to make 
notes of your experiences so that you can later tell us about them Grow 
roses, 8^ roses; think about roses, give away roses, write about roses, 
as a member of the American Rose Society. ,i„wri;; 

That the Secretary's report shows the Society to be growing right m 
the face of the waning depression doesn't hurt the picture any. 



J^'i'VXyty-tAy- TH ^T^^t^q^ 




luWisKed W The American Rose Society, Harristur^,Pa, 

Z5< a copy * $1.50 a year 




THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G. A. Stevens 

Published bi-montbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 



Subscription price: To members of the American Rose 
Society 75 cts. a year, 15 cts. a copy, wbicb amount ts 
included in the annual dues of Sf.so. 

To all others: $1.50 a year, 25 cts. a copy. 

Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Hams- 
burg, Pa., under the act of March 3. 1879. 



Vol. I. No. 9 



1934 



May-June 



Annual Meeting 

BY THIS TIME all members have 
received the return post-card sent 
from the Secretary's office, giving 
the latest information and a tentative 
programme for the Annual Meeting in 
Portland, Oregon, June 11 and 12. Since 
this meeting will take place in conjunc- 
tion with the Pacific Rose Conference 
and the annual Portland Rose Festival, 
it should be a notable gathering of rose 
people. The American Rose Society's 
meeting will continue two days only, but 
other events and festivities will continue 
until the 15th, which assures a full week 
of rose-enjoyment. 

The Rose Show at Chehalis, Washing- 
ton, held by the active Lewis County 
Garden Club on June 14 and 15, promises 
to be a gala event. The Show^ of the 
Tacoma Rose Society on the 15th and 
16th in Tacoma, and the Seattle Rose 
Society's Show in Seattle on the 16th 
and 17th, will afi'ord further adventure 
for those who wish to continue the rose 
pilgrimage. The Secretary expects to 
attend all these events and hopes to meet 
many of the western members with whom 
he has had long and pleasurable corre- 
spondence. 

Constitutional Amendments 

On the card recently mailed to all 
members there was an announcement of 
two Constitutional amendments to be 
acted on at the Portland meeting. The 
one is to increase the number of Trustees 
of the Society from nine to twelve, which 
is to provide a wider representation from 



different sections of the country in the 
management of the Society; and the 
other provides for the selection of a 
Council of not more than fifty, to be 
selected by the Trustees or by local 
groups, which is to meet with the Trustees 
at least once a year. It is hoped that 
both these amendments will be favorably 
acted upon, since both are intended to 
facilitate the management of the Society 
and to provide for fuller participation in 
its work by the membership. 

Election of Officers, 1935 

The ballot is also important. The 
Nominating Committee appointed by the 
President to prepare a ballot for the 
Annual Meeting consists of C. R. Mc- 
Ginnis of Reading, Pa., Mrs. Ralph 
Orwig of Des Moines, Iowa, and the 
Reverend Earl W. Benbow of Seattle. 
As customary, the Committee has nomi- 
nated for President the man who is now 
Vice-President, the Reverend S. S. Sul- 
liger. Leonard Barron, at present a 
Trustee, is proposed for Vice-President, 
a position to which his horticultural 
standing and long devotion to the rose 
justly entitle him. The present Treasurer 
and Secretary are retained, and the three 
Trustees whose terms expire with this 
year are nominated for re-election. Mr. 
James C. Clark, president of the great 
horticultural establishment of Henry A. 
Dreer, Inc., is proposed as the fourth 
Trustee in accordance with the proposed 
change in the Constitution. 

Please do not neglect filling out and 
returning the ballot. Merely mark it 
with an X for those you wish to vote for, 
or write in a substitute name, and drop 
it in the nearest postbox. No stamp is 
necessary. Those who are going to be in 
Portland may deposit their ballots in the 
box which will be provided at the regis- 
tration desk, but we are relying on the 
returns by mail to express the general 
will of the Society, since only a relatively 
small proportion of the membership will 
be able to attend the Portland meeting. 

National Rosarium 

The Committee on the National Rosa- 
rium appointed at the Boston meeting 
last year has been active, and an interest- 
ing report is expected at the next Trus- 

(Continued on page i6) 



The Disease-Control Campaign 

By L. M. MASSEY, Chairman of Committee on Disease Control 



THE details of the campaign for 
better disease control are set forth 
in the 1934 Annual, pages 121-127. 
The one thing that needs emphasis— and 
re-emphasis— is faithfulness in carrying 
out the season s program. The fungi 
causing black-spot and mildew take no 
vacations and are always present to at- 
tack your plants. The only encourage- 
ment they need is supplied by a little 
moisture to bring about germination ot 
the spores. The one thing that will hold 
them in check is a good fungicide, and this 
can protect your plants only if you keep a 
coating of it on all of the leaves all of the 
time. This is your job, and the faithful 
use of a fungicide, without a single inter- 
ruption, is more important than the nia- 
terial itself. Beginning with the opening 
of the first leaf-buds, if you permit your 
plants to go through a single infection 
(i.e., rain) period without having adequate 
protection, you will materially decrease 
your chances of success. What we seek 
is clean foliage throughout the season. 

Right now your plants are developing 
rapidly, with leaves expanding in size and 
new ones unfolding daily. Today's appli- 
cation of a fungicide will protect only 
those leaf-surfaces now present — it will 
not protect the new leaves and expanded 
surfaces that develop tomorrow and the 
next day. Also, frequent rains of spring 
and syringing of the foliage will dissipate 
the fungicide on the old leaves and 
necessitate its replacement. So we have 
to dust or spray twice a week or oftener in 
the spring. Later in the season, when the 
plants are not growing so rapidly and 
when rains are less frequent, an applica- 
tion once a week may be sufficient. In so 
far as possible, try to get your fungicide 
on the plants bejore rains, not after. 

Most growers will be using one of the 
standard fungicides— the 90-10 sulphur- 
arsenate of lead dust, lime-sulphur solu- 
tion, a wettable sulphur, or bordeaux 
mixture. If chewing insects are a problem, 
you must add arsenate of lead to your 
sprays. These materials, whichever you 
are using, may be depended on for pro- 



tection against diseases straight through 
the season. The only supplementary 
material you will need is nicotine, or some 
substitute for nicotine (pyrethrum, ro- 
tenone, etc.) for aphides and other sucking 
insects. Nicotine can be added to either 
bordeaux mixture or lime-sulphur solu- 
tion. If you are dusting with a dust which 
does not contain nicotine, you will need 
to make a separate application of 4 per 
cent nicotine dust. Two or three applica- 
tions of nicotine at four- or five-day inter- 
vals, beginning on the first appearance ot 
the lice, may be necessary to kill them. It 
you are using a proprietary material, 
follow the directions of the manufacturer. 
With the sulphur-arsenate of lead 
mixture, dust in the morning or evening 
when the air is quiet. The leaves do not 
have to be moist. Spraying is best done 
in the morning so that the solution will 
dry quickly and be dry before the heat ot 
midday. Nicotine dusts and sprays will 
give best results on days when the air is 
quiet and the temperature 80 degrees or 
more. Dust and spray from opposite 
sides of the plants, and try to cover both 
surfaces of the leaves. In spraying, use 
high pressures to break the spray into a 
fine mist. If you are applying so much 
dust that the plants are discolored to an 
objectionable degree, you are using too 
much material. It takes a little practice 
and skill to use just the right amount. 

Be sure to keep a record of what you do. 
The minimum here will be to mark on a 
calendar the dates when you treated your 
plants. Have in mind that the routine 
schedule calls for a fungicide, and that an 
application of nicotine for aphides is 
supplementary and not a substitute for 
the fungicide. Keep this clear on your 
record. If you care to indicate on your 
record the dates when the foliage is wet 
from rains, and other pertinent informa- 
tion, the analysis of your season's pro- 
gram will be easier and more reliable. 

I am relying on all of you who have 
joined this campaign to keep these records 
and send them to me at the end of the 



season. 



Causes of Die-Back 



Fn.TOR's Note The following article appeared in The Calijornia Rosarian, published by the 
CanrornirRosrSociety two years ago. The Editor. Forrest L. Hieatt has given us permission to 
Reprint it (wTth slfght'^SgL) for^he benefit of the members of the American Rose Society. 



WHO can tell us what causes die- 
back and how to prevent it?" "Is 
die-back inherent in certain races 
of roses or is it caused by infection?" 
"Was die-back prevalent before the intro- 
duction of Pernetiana blood in our roses?" 
These inquiries referring particularly to 
the so-called Pernetiana die-back, with 
Golden Emblem cited as a particular 
example, were sent to experienced ros- 
arians and pathologists. 

For the benefit of our readers we will 
give the meat of the replies of these 
eminent gentlemen. 

Mr. John A. Armstrong, Arnristrong 
Nurseries, Ontario, Calif., says: "In nriy 
opinion die-back is inherent in certain 
races of roses, and, of course, the so-called 
Pernetiana strain is one of those races. I 
believe it is a constitutional weakness 
rather than caused by infection. I had 
very little to do with roses before the in- 
troduction of Pernetiana blood. Therefore, 
1 cannot answer from experience the 
question as to the prevalence of die-back 
before the introduction of Pernetiana 
blood. As far as my memory does go back 
into these *dark ages/ I do not remember 
seeing any die-back." 

Prof. J. T. Barrett, Division of Plant 
Pathology, College of Agriculture, Uni- 
versity of California, Berkeley, Calif., 
writes: 'T should say, however, that I 
have observed what appears to be the 
same type of die-back as you have 
described for Golden Emblem variety and 
have always assumed that it was a 
physiological trouble and not due to a 
parasitic organism. This is an assump- 
tion, however, as I have made no cultural 
studies." 

A letter from Dr. D. G. Milbrath, Chief 
of the Bureau of Plant Pathology, De- 
partment of Agriculture, State of Cali- 
fornia, Sacramento, Calif., states: 

"It has taken considerable time to 
ascertain whether there was any fungous 
disease in the specimens of roses sent by 
you to this office. I made cultures of the 
two specimens but failed to obtain a fun- 



gus which could be classified as causing 
cankers on rose-stems. The general 
appearance of the stems also indicated 
the absence of any fungus of that nature. 
"Certain varieties of roses have very 
pithy centers in the stems. Examples of 
such varieties are Souv. de Claudius 
Pernet, Dame Edith Helen, and Golden 
Emblem. When such stems are severely 
pruned, there is a drying out of the pithy 
center and a die-back. One of the points 
in maintaining a rose of that type in good 
healthy condition is working for the de- 
velopment of breaks from the base of the 
cane. Such development as is commonly 
known as 'ground shoot* development is 
necessary where severe pruning is prac- 
ticed. In other words, rebuilding of the 
whole plant should be practiced con- 
tinuously. 

"Overfeeding can cause the die-back of 
canes, particularly young shoots. Another 
cause is deep cultivation. It has been 
definitely established that root-cutting is 
very injurious to the rose. Some varieties 
will not endure the least amount of root- 
cutting, showing the eff'ect very readily in 
dying back of canes. Another cause of 
young shoots dying back is severe pruning 
on some shoots. Young shoots should be 
allowed to harden ofi" before pruning. 

"I am inclined to think that there is not 
as much canker disease in California as is 
usually thought to be by many people. 
The continuous growth of roses in this 
state has led to a miscellaneous type of 
pruning so that we have pruned very 
severely and as a result die-back has 
occurred in great abundance. 

"Recently in a discussion with Dr. E. 
P. Meinecke of the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture, it was stated very emphati- 
cally that root-cutting of roses causes a 
considerable amount of die-back in the 
tops. I have noticed the same effect in the 
greenhouse where men have cultivated the 
benches too deeply." 

Dr. Freeman Weiss, Pathologist, Bu- 
reau of Plant Industry, U. S. Departnrient 
of Agriculture, Washington, D. C, writes: 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



"The Pernetianas as a group are suscep- 
tible to both black-spot and brown canker, 
but individual varieties may be more or 
less susceptible than the average. In my 
experience in the East, the Pernetianas are 
less subject to die-back (which may be 
caused by brown canker, Coniothyrium 
canker, or even by black-spot as a 
secondary effect of making unseasonable 
new growth) than are a number of Hybrid 
Tea roses, especially those of yellow and 
apricot flower color— Los Angeles, Mrs. 
Aaron Ward, Duchess of Wellington, etc. 
From very limited experience in rose- 
plantings in Oregon I am of the opinion 
that brown canker does not occur there at 
all, and even Coniothyrium canker is rare. 
Possibly a similar situation prevails m 
California; at least we have no record of 
the occurrence of this disease in that state. 
This would indicate that, unless our in- 
formation as to the distribution of brown 
canker is wrong, whatever the cause is of 
the die-back you mention, it is not brown 
canker. Since, with us, the Pernetianas 
show no characteristic constitutional weak- 
ness (except the fading of the flowers when 
outdoor grown), I cannot venture an 
opinion as to the probable cause of this 

die-back 

Dr. L. M. Massey, Professor of Plant 
Pathology of Cornell University and 
Special Plant Pathologist of the American 
Rose Society, Ithaca, N. Y., replies: 

"The term 'die-back' is used so loosely 
as to make it impossible to define clearly 
what is meant, and I feel certain that in 
general it is a complex of symptoms. I 
am interpreting it in the sense that it is 
usually used, namely, a dying -back of 
the terminal 6 to 8, or more, inches of 
growth. This usually occurs toward the 
end of the growing season, and prema- 
turely with respect to the normal matur- 
ing of the wood. 

"Now if there is a die-back of a para- 
sitic nature, peculiar to the Pernetiana 
roses as represented by the variety Golden 
Emblem which you name, I have not 
observed it. This group of roses is sus- 
ceptible to the canker diseases (brown, 
brand, and common, all caused by fungi) 
but no records are available to show that 
Pernetianas as a class are any more, or 
any less, susceptible than other roses. 



Many of the group are said to be difficult 
to grow, and frequently the evidence sub- 
mitted is this die-back condition. In some 
instances this die-back has been definitely 
determined to be brown canker. But 1 am 
going to propose an explanation other 
than a new and unusual disease. It is my 
opinion that this explanation holds rather 
generally in the Northeast. 

"It is recognized that Pernetianas as a 
class suffer severely from black-spot. 
While some roses are highly tolerant, 
others moderately so, the Pernetianas are 
particularly sensitive to the toxine pro- 
duced by the black-spot fungus as mea- 
sured by defoliation. Not uncommonly 
the leaves will drop before the spot is 
larger than the size of a pinhead. I suspect 
that in many instances the spots are so 
small on fallen leaves that they are 

unnoticed. 

"Now it is my opinion that premature 
defoliation from black-spot is at the 
bottom of much of this complaint ot die- 
back. The leaves drop, and then the wood 
dies from the tip back. In support of this 
we have brought Golden Emblem through 
the season in as good condition as anyone 
could ask for, without any die-back, by 
the use of sprays and dusts to protect the 
plants from black-spot. Untreated plants 
had black-spot, were early and severely 
defoliated, and had what one would call 

*n le— back. 

"Black-spot is not the cause of all rose- 
troubles, but it is a more serious disease 
than is generally recognized. The un- 
sightliness of the spotted leaves, their 
yellowing in the case of some varieties, or 
the mere matter of loss of leaves does not 
tell the whole story. Black-spotted plants 
of one season may winter-kill, and cer- 
tainly will not do as well the following 
season as plants which hold their leaves 
throughout the season. It is very essential 
that roses be protected from black-spot. 
This can be done by dusting or spraying— 
and if it is done, and done well, die-back 
of the sort with which I am acquainted 
will not be a factor in growing Pernetiana 

roses. 

Mr. Silas B. Osborn, Inspector in the 
office of the Commissioner of Agriculture 
of San Diego County, California, states: 

"While the writer does not profess to 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



know all the wherefores of the die-back of 
Pernetiana roses, a few facts are known 
that are worth reviewing, leaving the 
reader to draw his own conclusions as to 
the positive causes. In the first place, one 
of the parents of the first Pernetiana rose 
was *Rosa lutea/ The rose species is 
notorious for die-back which is apparently 
a fixed characteristic brought on by ages 
of environmental adversities — drought 
and lack of natural plant-foods which one 
finds under semi-arid conditions. Under 
such conditions the plants would naturally 
maintain their very existence only by 
sacrificing some of their branches and 
leaves. Not only would this reduce 
respiration of scant water supply but 
would divert the remaining plant-food 
to the production of seed and hence 
maintain reproduction. With the renewal 
of water supply, new shoots and subse- 
quent flowering buds form very quickly. 
Quick growth is generally pithy growth 
which results in die-back under the slight- 
est unfavorable conditions. 

"Pernetianas mature flowers faster 
from new growths than any other type. 
(It is not uncommon for Golden Emblem 
blooms to come to full maturity in six 
weeks' time from the time of the first 
breaking of the buds from old wood.) 
Pernetianas produce and maintain their 
fruit or seed-hips in prodigious quantities. 
Pernetianas will produce more growth 
and flowers from less water than any other 
type of cultivated roses. 

"Pernetianas are more sensitive than 
other types to poor drainage conditions 
(indicating the relatively low demand 
for water and inability to assimilate large 
quantities). 

"The canes of Pernetianas die back 
from the slightest injury or bruise. Care 
should be taken in handling dormant 
plants to injure the wood as little as 
possible. 

"Pernetianas are very intolerant of 
pruning; heavily pruned canes often die 
back to the ground when apparently in a 
sound, healthy condition. Pernetianas 
under very humid conditions grow pithy 
canes which die back very readily. Under 
arid conditions the wood appears to cure 
and harden, thus resisting the natural 
tendency to die back. 



"Experience leads us to the conclusion 
that environmental factors and not any 
definite disease is normally responsible 
for die-back of Pernetianas. They require 
little pruning (pruning on the seed-hips 
and dead branches being sufficient). They 
require a relatively low but constant water 
supply. They require a relatively high 
temperature with low humidity. They 
require ideal drainage. Under these con- 
ditions die-back will be at a minimum. It 
should be noted, however, that in many 
of the hybrid Pernetianas the blood of 
other less-exacting types predominates. 
Selections of varieties for particular loca- 
tions and conditions is strongly advised." 

Mr. Clarence G. White, Redlands, 
Calif., states that die-back and rust have 
been very minor troubles in his garden. 
Whether this is due to measures taken 
against mildew or to good luck, or both, 
he says he does not know\ 

Mr. White grows his roses under light 
lath and finds this method advantageous 
for his section, namely in better growth 
and finer blooms. It may be that this 
shading has an influence against die-back. 
This is worth further investigation. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



It would seem from an analysis of the 
replies that die-back is a physiological 
trouble altogether. Fortunately for us we 
are not aflHicted with brown canker given 
by both Drs. Massey and Weiss as a con- 
tributing cause of die-back occurring in 
eastern gardens, and which causes our 
eastern rose-growers so much concern. 

Dr. Massey also lists black-spot as a 
probable cause of die-back. It is interest- 
ing to note that where his bushes have had 
a protective covering of fungicide against 
black-spot no die-back has occurred. 
However, black-spot is not a serious 
trouble in California, and we are inclined 
to the views of our western authorities 
that the die-back as we know it is not 
caused by a parasitic organism. 

Undoubtedly, as Dr. Milbrath points 
out, die-back is accelerated by over-prun- 
ing; our experience is that all Pernetianas 
do better when moderately pruned. 

Two other likely causes of die-back 
named by Dr. Milbrath are over-feeding 
and root-cutting. We are of the opinion 



that many of our rose-ills are caused by 
over-feeding, especially if practiced before 
the plants have become well established. 
While die-back in many cases may be 
caused by over-feeding, it is not the only 
cause; Golden Emblem, whether well ted 
or not, seems to have the habit. 

As to root-cutting. Dr. Milbrath evi- 
dently refers to that form of root-injury 
caused by deep cultivation, where the 
small, fibrous feeding- roots are cut oft 
and not to root-pruning when properly 
done for the purpose of producing a more 
compact root-system. We have repeatedly 
warned our readers against the evil of 
deep cultivation, especially during the 
growing season. When a rose-bush is 
deprived of its sustenance through the 
careless cutting off of its feeding-roots, 
there can be but one result and that is 
death to some of the canes, if not of the 
entire bush. 

What is the remedy? Mr. Osborn has 
given us some pretty good advice, and 
since he gives this as the result of his own 
experiences, it is well that we give atten- 
tion to it. A constant but not an over- 
supply of moisture for Pernetianas and 
careful attention to pruning are impor- 
tant suggestions. Taken in connection 
with the suggestions of Drs. Milbrath and 
Massey, it is probable that we may be 
able to reduce die-back to the minimum. 

Judging Roses 

I have a desire to know the reasons why 
Mr. Middleton and fellow judges would 
not grow Mrs. Joseph H. Welch, yet 
were compelled to give it the Sweepstakes 

prize. 

The statement on page 6 in the Janu- 
ary-February Rose Magazine is not 
enough to clarify the strange clash — but 
I suspect that a rose-cult is being formed 
that is contrary to an intelligent apprecia- 
tion of beauty and to the worship of a code 
instead of desirability. 

Counting points in dog shows has 
ruined several breeds for the layman. 

And it is quite conceivable that a rare 
combination of scored-against points in a 
bloom might give a non-conformity of 
great appeal. For it is not the score-card 
that is the end of rose-production but the 



appreciation of all the forms of beauty by 
the non-technical. The score-card is a 
useful implement, but a damnable con- 
clusion, as I see it. i • ^u 

Perhaps there is food for thought in tlie 
two following instances. 

The M. H. of the Chagrin Valley Hunt 
Club told me that in selecting judges tor 
the horse shows he varied from year to 
year to those whose opinions of horse-tlesti 
were different from his own. By so doing, 
any owner of a good type of hunter would 
get a blue ribbon once in a while, instead 
of being entirely out of luck. Whereas it 
he selected only those whose judgment 
was in most conformity with his own, he 
himself, because of the fixation, would get 
the blue ribbons, and the general horse 
interest in the Club would ebb. 

The artist with whom my wife studies 
portraiture says on various discussed 
methods and results: "That is what 1 
think, but 1 am not sure; there is a lot we 
don't know yet." He is a good teacher. 

I read a heading in the morning paper: 
"We will all be crazy in ten years. As 1 
read Mr. Middleton's conflict again, I am 
not so sure there is not something in the 

caption. , , 

There are two answers to Dr. JVlarek s 
question, neither of which it would be 
proper for you to suggest. 

Primers are not good reading to classes 
in literature. Perhaps "How to Grow 
Roses" should be sent each new member 
of the Society. It would meet his criti- 
cism of the lack he experiences in higher 

education. . 

The Rose Society is up against what 
every object organization is up against in 
the United States— a lack of funds in the 
citizenry. If I had to choose between 
actual roses and printed inforniation, 
which would serve the greatest need ? 

The roses, of course. . 

I think the Society's Editors are doing 
a fine thing, in a lovely way. . 

—Clarence G. White, Calijorma. 

Polyanthas on Long Island 

I enjov so much the "experience notes" 
that I read in the Rose Annual and the 
American Rose Magazine that I venture 
to offer mine in return. 



8 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



The warm, light soil on Long Island 
makes an ideal breeding-ground for the 
irritating rose chafer, and for three weeks 
it has full sway eating roses, but all is 
forgotten by September, October, and 
November, which, after all, seem to be 
the months for roses instead of sentimen- 
tal June — at least for bush roses and 
Polyanthas, of which I want to give a few 
notations which I made last year. 

In March I put in nineteen Polyanthas 
from a selected list, the result of much 
reading of descriptions in catalogues as 
well as the Rose Annual for many years 
back. The varieties that grew the best, 
bloomed the I)est, or for some reason 
endeared themselves to me, I marked 
with a star, and the number of stars shows 
my appreciation of the cheerful "Polys." 
Gruss an Aacben* * * * Nothing is too 
good to write about this lovely rose, open- 
ing anywhere from "tea" to opalescent 
pink, and becoming a perfect camelha in 
form and regularity, blooming steadily 
until the heavy freeze. Even at Christ- 
mas-time the fohage is almost bronzy 
evergreen. 

Frau Dr. Erreth belongs in the rock- 
garden, as it is much too small for any 
border planting. A lovely orange button- 
hole bud and dainty rose, but sparse in 
number of flowers and growth. 

Mrs. R. M. Finch.* A dainty, pale rose- 
pink single rose and well worth its place, 
but I doubt if it is very prolific. (Evi- 
dently a misnamed plant. Mrs. R. M. 
Finch is a double rose. — Editor.) 

Cecile Brunner. Another buttonhole 
rose with cinnamon-pink flowers in clus- 
ters. Very dainty and attractive, and I 
think the bush will grow^ large enough even 
if the flowers remain small. A perfect 
rose to make "a miniature arrangement" 
for a flower show. 

Pink Lafayette* and Salmon Spray* are 
given each one star for their indomitable 
response to living and blooming. The 
latter has a salmon-pink flower on a wav- 
ing spray not unlike the climber Coralie, 
and both are always in bloom until the 
freeze. 

George Elger is not appreciated by me, 
and as he is listed as "suffering in winter" 
I doubt that I shall be troubled with the 
bushes long. 



Dainty (such a misnomer) Orleans, 
Dolly Varden, Golden Salmon, Magni- 
fique, are so much alike in color to the 
amateur rose-grower that I have clumped 
them all together in the farthest corner 
where their dominating color will not 
interfere with the others, although I will 
say I did appreciate them in October. 

Evelyn Thornton * deserves both praise 
and credit for a lovely apple-blossom 
flower, and made a fair growth. 

Mrs. Wm. G. Koning, a little, globular 
white rose, is not as eff'ective as many 
blooms nor as attractive as one would 
want, but it has a place in the border, 
even though a bit dwarf. 

La Marne.* * * * I often wonder why 
I bother with any other variety — this one 
is so satisfactory. In the wealth of June 
bloom it is overlooked, but in October and 
until the freeze it was lovely. Its deep, 
glowing rose-pink flowers, with bronzy 
red tips and foliage, and with the tiny 
buds and cluster, made an artistic ar- 
rangement before being cut. 

Katharina Zeimet. My notes say "be- 
loved by the bugs" who revengefully eat 
everything in sight, and it took all sum- 
mer for the bushes to recuperate. Per- 
haps that is "Katharina's" mission. If so, 
she can stay in the garden. 

Else Poulsen.* * * and the fourth * 
may be added another year, for in my 
neighbor*s garden it showed what it could 
be — a small bush rose with lovely rose- 
pink flowers, and longer stems for cutting 
than Gruss an Aachen. Her sister Ellen 
Poulsen is a remarkably good Polyantha, 
especially so in the Maine garden. 

Yvonne Rabier.* The white flowers are 
small. Their fragrance is w^elcome, and it 
makes a good busy plant. 

Baby Tausendschon, Greta Kluis, Sun,- 
shine, Cherie, JEnnchen Muller, Leonie 
Lamesch, Echo, and Marie Pavic were 
planted this fall. 

Will someone tell me of a gem I have 
missed, barring scarlet and reds? I find, 
with all the "honest and sincere" proofs 
now available, it is on my own head if my 
list contains failures, and I am deeply 
appreciative for all the good work that 
has been done in giving the public a 
truthful description of garden roses. — 
Charlotte Cowdrey Brown, New York, 



Texas Roses in May 

Our roses are beginning to bloom. 
Charles H. Rigg is starting and is showing 
a multiplicity of buds possible only to a 
real producer. It is a rose. 

Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont is a shower ot 
golden buds. Soeur Therese is keeping 
pace— unquestionably a great rose for 
Texas. Romance is repeating its good 
performance of last year and looks like a 

find. 

Mrs. Henri Daendels, similar to Rev. 
F. Page-Roberts, is causing us to raise 
our estimate of last year. It is really 
beautiful and may be truly valuable. 
Our stand-up Roberts are breaking strong. 
Duquesa de Penaranda is beginning, with 
large and noble buds and blossoms. 
Condesa de Sastago is an eye-burner. 

But we had a few surprises. The first 
rose on the place to really break loose was 
none other than Black Knight. It was 
several days ahead of all others of its 
race. We transplanted about a dozen 
plants of the variety, planting them in a 
row with many other varieties, also 
transplanted. Black Knight bloomed 
before any of the others. 

This rose is a bottom breaker and pro- 
duces its fine blossoms on such canes. 
Such roses habitually frizzle around after 
transplanting until they acquire enough 
feathers to produce strong canes, the 
first blossoms being of small merit. We 
expected nothing of the first blossoms 
of Black Knight. To our vast surprise 
the first blossoms on transplanted plants 
have been good enough to be interesting, 
though not comparable to the blossoms 
being produced by established plants. 

Last Sunday we had many visitors and 
few roses. It seemed to make small 
diff^erence. Nellie E. Hillock furnished 
the show. This rose is starting off" right 
where it left ofl" last fall. Those that were 
not transplanted but were cut back were 
holding their plump, colorful buds boldly 
upright, looking for all the world like 
vigorous peony bushes. Here and there 
buds were opening — buds as large as hens' 
eggs — that displayed the perfect form 
possible only to a full rose — and darned 
few of them. The few open blossoms 
showed a diameter of from 5 V^ to 6 inches. 



We have this rose on Texas Wax, 
Multiflora, and Odorata 22449. It is 
equally magnificent on all. If this baby 
surprises us just one more time we may 
decide to throw away all other varieties 
and start in growing only Nellie E. 
Hillock for an astounded world. I would 
modestly remark that it is the most valu- 
able variety on this place by several 

lengths. 

Yellow Provence is blooming. The tive 
plants produced from the eyes that Mr. 
Stevens sent us last spring attained a 
4-foot length on several canes per plant. 
They are producing in no great volume 
but the blossoms are yellow, and the color 
is held throughout the lifetime of the 
bloom. That fact is decidedly interesting. 
Ireland Hampton is beginning to bloom. 
The bushes, which were cut back, are 
loaded with buds on fine stems. Next 
Sunday the assembled populace will get 
an eyeful of a real producer in action. 

Mme. Raymond Gaujard is growing like 
a bad weed. If its foliage did not burn 
in heat this rose would lead the world. 

Picture is again producing medium- 
sized blossoms like McGredy's colored 
illustration. It is truly vigorous. Lesley 
Dudley and Molly Darragh (both from 
McGredy) are both very colorful and 
may prove to be very much worth while. 
Rosella is burning all eyes. We hope to 
see it intermingled with Mermaid. Allen s 
Fragrant Pillar is really fragrant but is 
not as beautiful as Mme. Gregoire 
Staechelin. 

Our cool spring was made to order tor 
Talisman, and it is better than it has been 
for several years. Autumn, also. Golden 
Dawn is going strong — like always. 

Prince Felix (de Luxembourg) will 
sound the death-knell for Red Radiance 
if it is a producer. It is vigorous. It may 
merely be like Grenoble— do a tremendous 
amount of growing to produce no great 
number of blossoms. 

I may ultimately become accustomed 
to Nellie E. Hillock and be able to view 
the thing with due equaniniity, but for 
one week it has been a whirlwind. We 
just lead them out and let them see it- 
then lay them neatly in a row until they 
recover consciousness. It knocks them 
for a loop! I usually feel a bit faint 



10 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



myself — and just lie down at the end of 
the row, too. A few more days of this and 
I will probably take to the woods. 

— V. S. Hillock, Texas. 

Likes the Annual 

The 1934 Annual is the best ever pub- 
lished, not because I happen to be a con- 
tributor, I assure you, but for the niore 
vahd reason that it contains more articles 
of interest to me than any Annual since 
publication began way back in 1916. 

Take, for instance, the contribution by 
Snow of California on standards. They are 
popular in this locahty for the simple 
reason that hundreds of acres of Rubigi- 
nosa briars cover abandoned hill farms in 
the Willamette Valley. I lined out a 
couple of hundred of them myself last fall. 

Then, there's the article on cuttings or 
seedlings by Watkins. Thornless Multi- 
flora has very recently come into use by 
rose nurserymen around Portland. Right 
now I have a number of flats of Multiflora 
seedlings of the thornless variety nearly 
large enough to line out. Will they come 
true from seed? I hope so. 

Eileen Whitehead Erlanson*s pollen 
analysis makes me lament that a course 
in botany and biology I was once exposed 
to many years ago was not taken seriously. 
Finally, I enjoyed traveling vicariously 
through Europe with Mr. Pyle. 

Since last May there has been no month 
when roses could not be picked in this 
locality. Even geraniums left outside in 
window-boxes did not freeze — a contrast 
with last winter, certainly, when the West 
had a touch of what the East experienced 
this year. But even mildness has its 
faults. Months of humid weather have 
been conducive to the development of all 
kinds of fungous spores and animal pests. 
Right now everyone's roses are being 
devastated by aphides. Strong sprays and 
dusts with a high nicotine content give 
but temporary relief. A heavy rain which 
began falling last night — the first in 
weeks — may wash some of them from the 
plants. 

To date we have potted something over 
400 seedlings from last season's crosses. 
Seeds are not germinating well this spring. 
The reason is, I suspect, that the mildness 



of the winter has prevented proper ripen- 
ing. More than 2,500 hybridized seeds 
were planted. Seed from the Arnold 
Arboretum, shipped just a few days after 
the acute freeze experienced in the East 
last December, germinated much quicker 
than statistics compiled by the Boyce 
Thompson Institute should lead one to 
expect from species. Nitida came up in 
less than a month after planting. 

Salem is sufl'ering from a plague of 
cheap roses this year. One nurseryman 
started cutting prices a month ago and, of 
course, the others followed like so many 
sheep on their way to the shambles. Now 
they're all at it. Culls and junk are 
brought to Salem from Portland shippers 
and retailed to boobs for "two for two- 
bits." Of course, they don't grow, and if 
by chance they do it's an exception to 
have one come true to name. Then the 
gullible one wails that roses "aint for him" 
and goes back to nasturtiums. This is no 
argument for retailing Betty Uprichard 
for $1.50, but, certainly, it's being 
demonstrated every day in Salem that 
you can't buy good roses at "two for 
two-bits." 

Sorry no one else noticed Reveil 
Dijonnais in the Proof of the Pudding. 
Fanciers are passing up a mighty fine 
thing when they overlook this creation by 
Buatois. My plant bloomed yesterday 
for the first time this year. 

Blaze isn't faring so well in this locality. 
A friend of mine bought four last year, 
tried them a season, and gave them all to 
me the other day. They made an amazing 
growth of 18 inches the first year and 
flowered once. "No damn good at all,'* 
was the donor's only comment. Perhaps 
he's right. Proof of the Pudding sustains 
him but more elegantly. 

Without fear of refutation I dogmati- 
cally insist that the best red climbing 
rose for this locality is Souv. de Claudius 
Denoyel. 

Portland rosarians are still wrangling 
among themselves about Mme. Caroline 
Testout. Shall she be official or shall she 
not? You'd think it was a matter of 
ecclesiastical creed — and anti-Nicean at 
that. I suggested to the various factions 
that they adopt and grow Rosa nitwitti 
and forget all the others. I've had no 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



11 



response to date. Anyway, the Testout 
controversy has provided the boys with 
months of joyous indoor sport. 

In closing Til remark that I'm a bit 
dubious about the usefulness of the infor- 
mation contained in my contribution to 
the Annual. I spoke of 5 degrees above 
zero and not of subzero weather such as 
the East experienced last winter. Brrrrr. 
Forgive me if I suggest that you buy new 
plants and disregard my epistle from the 
tropics. — Ben Maxwell, Oregon. 

Barber Shop Chords 

I do wish I knew how to pronounce the 
names of some of the newer roses. What 
is a poor mid- Westerner, far from the 
linguistic seats of erudition of the East, 
going to do with such things as Alois 
Jirasek and Bozena Nemcova? Not that 
I object to an introducer naming his 
creations as he sees fit in any language 
that appeals to him. But please let some- 
iDody tell us how to pronounce them. Why 
not run a list of the tough ones in the 
Magazine with an approximation of their 
sound in English? 

Not only the new roses give us trouble 
but some of the older ones as well. Take 
Julien Potin, for example. Some say 
Po-tan, others Po-teen, while many are 
satisfied with plain Pot-n. Apeles Mestres 
continues to be Apples Mistress to some 
of us, and Mme. Henri Queuille is nothing 
but Coo-ee which w^ould be all right if it 
were an Australian rose. If we are going 
to have many more black roses, we should 
learn how to say Chateau de Clos 
Vougeot. 

I would relish a good mouthful like 
Kees Knoppers and Krasna Uslavanka 
and Reveil Dijonnais if I were only sure 
of my gutturals and nasals, and there is 
a fascination in the printed appearance 
of B. S. Bhatcharji, Ignasi Iglesias, 
Mevrouw Welmeot van Heek, Nuria de 
Recolona and Rankende Nicole, but how 
does one say them? 

I notice that the Editor strains at a 
Krause but swallows a Johanniszauber. 
What will he do with a Delie Communau- 
det or a Schwabische Heimat? 

I do not favor American introducers 
renaming foreign roses, and I am glad to 



see that the Annual is showing a pref- 
erence for Mme. Raymond Gaujard 
rather than Olympiad. I admit that 
Amelia Earhart is easier on the American 
tongue than some of its former names, 
but if they keep on renaming that rose it 
will probably wind up as Peggy Joyce. 

I note that for American consumption 
it is proposed to change Mevrouw van 
Straaten van Nes to Permanent Wave. 
Why not alter Gartendirektor Nose to 
Shampoo, Kralz Tomislav to Manicure, 
and the Daily Mail to Police Gazette, 
thus giving us a Barber Shop Quartet that 
should be in every garden? 

—A. F. Truex, Oklahoma, 

Radio and Roses 

Four years ago I made a series of five 
radio talks, and to show how much "rose 
temperature "rose," I take for example 
a department store that had been having 
two rose "sales" a year, selling 500 
each time. It so happened that my 
first talk was Thursday afternoon and the 
rose "sale" the Friday a.m. following. 
The "sale" lasted only thirty minutes. 
At a "request sale" the next Friday, 
following my talk Thursday, 1,000 roses 
lasted only 30 minutes. They held another 
sale the next Friday, and 1,500 roses on y 
lasted an hour. Next Friday 2,500 sold 
out and- the next Friday 5,000 were sold. 
(Some rise in temperature.) Local nur- 
serymen reported largest sale of roses ever. 
In my talks I also advocated the rose- 
lovers to rally to the support of a bond 
issue of $1,000,000 for parks and recrea- 
tion. It was thought defeated, but it 
carried. Since that time I have been 
called upon for more than 100 lectures on 
rose-culture in and out of the city. State 
University, also Washington, D. C. 

Our municipal rose-garden has been 
developed, and has become very beautiful. 
I had J. H. Nicolas here for a lecture two 
years ago in December. 

In cooperation with the Birmingham 
Post, I put on a three-session school of 
rose-culture in February, and in spite of 
the cold, bad weather, had about 200 
present. I have been writing a series of 
articles on the rose for the Post, pub- 
lished in the Friday's paper each week. 



12 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Birmingham is certainly developing a 
rose-conscience. 

Now, do you know what I think? If 
all the wholesale rose-growers would get 
together and put on a campaign similar 
to mine, they would sell ten, twenty, or 
one hundred times as many roses. Every- 
body here — and all over Alabama — is 
growing roses and more roses. 

— J. F. Hardin, Alabama. 

Winter Damage 

The winter of 1933-34 in Washington, 
D. C, was unusually severe, with many 
drops in temperature that hovered just 
above zero degrees Fahrenheit, and at 
times dropped to — 6 and — 14 degrees, 
but at all times nearly a steady, extremely 
cold winter. 

It was interesting, therefore, to look 
into the injury to my unprotected rose 
bushes. All are now in bud, so that none 
were destroyed. The injury which I note 
as "kill-back" varied with the different 
varieties and also, though the bushes were 
in the same relative spots in the garden, 
with the different plants of each variety. 

The amount of live wood remaining to 
each variety is given to the right of the 
name, where killed to ground-level is 
noted as ground, and where no injury was 
apparent it is so noted. Those starred (*) 
are the original plants described by the 
writer in the 1923 Rose Annual, those 
preceded by a dagger (f) the same but 
which were moved several years later to 
a cemetery plot. All those unchecked 
except Old Crimson Purple and Perle des 
Blanches, and those preceded by a dagger 
(t), are growing on an open cemetery plot 
atop a steep bank with no protection from 
blasts from any direction of the compass. 
The two varieties named and those star- 
red (*) are in my home-garden also without 
protection of any kind, but this garden in 
the main is much warmer than the cem- 
etery plot, with, however, the Radiances 
and La Tosca getting the north and west 
cold wintry blasts. 

* American Beauty (32 years old), 36 
inches. 

Baby Rambler, no injury. 

*Blush Rambler (24 years old), no 
injury. 



*Climbing Wootton (32 years old), no 
injury. 

*Cecile Brunner, 36 inches. 

*Clotilde Soupert (32 years old), ground. 

Columbia, 6 inches. 

*Etoile de Mai, 24 inches. 

t Eugene Marlitt, 12 inches. 

*Frau Karl Druschki, no injury. 

Gruss an Teplitz, 30 inches. 

Hawlmark Crimson, 12 inches. 

*Herzog Friedrich II von Anhalt, 
6 inches, 12 inches. 

*Indiana, no injury. 

Innocence, 24 inches. 

*Irish Fireflame, 3 inches. 

tKaiserin Auguste Viktoria, 6 inches. 

*Killarney Brilliant, no injury. 

*KilIarney Queen, no injury. 

*Lady Hillingdon, 3 inches, 6 inches, 
24 inches. 

*Lady Ursula, no injury. 

*La Tosca, no injury. 

*Louise Walter, ground. 

fMaylina, 10 feet. 

Marv Pickford, 12 inches. 

*Mignonette, no injury. 

fMme. Butterfly, 18 inches. 

Mme. Norbert Levavasseur, 18 inches. 

fMrs. B. R. Cant, 12 inches. 

Mrs. Charles Bell, 12 inches. 

Mrs. Wakefield Christie-Miller, 12 
inches. 

Old Crimson Purple (blackish crimson 
to crimson-purple, form of Hermosa, tall, 
thornv wood, and suckers — what is it?) 
no injury. 

fOphelia, 24 inches. 

Perle des Blanches, no injury. 

*Prince Camille de Rohan, 30 inches, 
40 inches. 

*Radiance, no injury. 

*Red Radiance, no injury. 

*Souv. de la Malmaison (32 years old), 
ground. 

*Souv. de Pierre Notting (32 years 
old), 3 inches. 

Talisman, 12 inches. 

*Tip-Top, 3 inches. 

Ville de Paris, 18 inches. 

tWhite Killarney, 6 inches. 

*William R. Smith (32 years old), 12 
inches. 

All those starred, except as noted, are 
fifteen or more years old. — Chas. E. F. 
Gersdorff, District of Columbia. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



Summer Roses in Miami 

Everybody is surprised when I say we 
get our best flowers in midsummer. It 
seems hard for them to believe that story 
when they see how beautiful they are in 
midwinter. 

One must do very little pruning here. 
That applies to every rose I grow. My 
Radiance roses are frequently 6 feet high, 
and I cut wonderful big flowers with 
stems 13/^ to 2 feet long at that height. 
The canes are very large, and as they get 
older throw out big side branches that 
make the finest roses one ever saw. 
Many of my oldest Radiance bushes have 
four and five big canes from the collar. 
By and by one of those canes will quit 
producing and dry up. I never cut one of 
those mature canes till it is almost dry 
enough to break with a snap, and before 
it is removed there appears at the bottom 
a heavy, dark green, almost red, cane to 
take its place. That new break will go 
over 4 feet before making a bud, and it 
generally makes that growth in two to 
three weeks. And such big leaves! 

I find that most of the Hybrid Teas per- 
form in that same manner. The difference 
is largely in the vigor, the height to which 
the plant grows, and the rapidity with 
which new breaks are thrown frorn the 
collar or near the collar. My Etoile de 
Hollande roses were set three years ago — 
ten plants. I have the same ten. They 
have on them tonight as fine Hollandes as 
I have ever seen. In addition to the 
present heavy crop of bloom they are 
making heavy breaks from the bottom. 
Next to them I have David O. Dodd and 
E. G. Hill— ten of each— set three years 
ago. Have not lost a plant and they are 
almost as good as the Hollande. I have 
E. G. Hill as a standard on I. X. L. that is 
much finer than the bush. And, by the 
way, I have Shot Silk as standard on 
I. X. L. that is about the most attractive 
thing I ever saw — such dense foliage and 
one crop right after another, ten or 
twelve big flowers open at once. It is a 
sight! I have put in a few buds of Shot 
Silk on Cherokee, growing as a bush; they 
are coming fine but have not flowered yet. 
I have one plant of Souvenir de Georges 
Pernet, four years in my garden, with 



eight blooms at least 5 inches across. The 
foliage is dense but the old root when the 
mulch gets thin looks one thousand years 
old. That rose loves our hot summer sun. 
And in speaking of that rose I am re- 
minded of another gem. You will be 
surprised— Hilda— I have it on Manetti. 
Got it a year ago. It did not do much for 
several months, then started. Now it 
never stops. It's a big bush 3 feet or more 
high, with many branches, fine foliage, 
and constant bloom. It loves hot sun, too. 
Have only one plant but have budded 
several more. Autumn was a big dis- 
appointment to me the first year, but 
after getting established for a couple of 
years it is truly grand. Four-foot bushes, 
immense leaves, constant bloom, such 
colors, and the size of the blooms on the 
old plants is all one could desire. I have 
several plants on Multiflora. That rose 
and Caledonia are hard to beat. Jules 
Gaujard was fine at the start, last year, 
but at the end of six months got tired. It's 
on Ragged Robin. I thought it would die 
but I let it alone. For the past two months 
it has been coming to life and now it is 
making a break from the bottom a half 
inch in diameter. If it lives up to that 
break, it will be something to admire. 

I have Souvenir de Mme. C. Chambard 
and like it very much. It likes hot sun. I 
have Grenoble— not so hot, but a good 
grower. I have Mrs. J. D. Eisele this year. 
Coming fine but I must see first how it is 
after a year. Roslyn is grand here. My 
home-budded Golden Dawn is much 
better than the plants purchased. 

I have twenty varieties of Teas, a 
number of Noisettes and Climbing Hybrid 
Teas and Climbing Teas. I find some of 
my Teas grow stronger on their own root 
than on wild stock. I counted 100 blooms 
on Mme. Alfred Carriere this afternoon 
and almost that many on Climbing Perle 
des Jardins. Climbing Wootton is a poor 
bloomer but a good grower. 

I feed almost exclusively with raw bone- 
meal, fish-scrap, and enough muriate of 
potash to make 5 per cent. I mulch 
heavily all the time with Australian pine 
needles as I have plenty of them. I spray 
constantly, for dust gets in my eyes and I 

don't like that. 

— Alfred G. Merritt, Florida. 



14 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



More About Pruning 



This is written for sections of the coun- 
try where frost does not "prune" roses 
to the ground. 

Every time I hear anyone talk on the 
subject of pruning the main idea seems to 
be prune hard, whack to the ground, 
prune to three eyes, etc., without any 
reference to type. 

I have a friend who has a bush of 
Margaret McGredy, which I raised and 
shaped. It is over 5 feet tall and 6 feet 
across, and had over fifty large disbudded 
roses at one time last year. The laterals 
of such a bush give better bloom than an 
entire bush which has been whacked to 
the ground every year, necessitating re- 
placing the bushes entirely in three or 
four years when they should just be 
starting to perform. 

Last year I had a bush of Norman 
Lambert 5 feet tall and that large across; 
also a Dame Edith Helen, Mme. Edouard 
Herriot, and Capt. Ronald Clerk the same 
size. Needless to say such bushes were 
not pruned to the ground every year but 
systematically thinned out in the center 
all summer long. 

From my observations, die-back only 
occurs where large, pithy, one-year shoots 
are cut into. I have had Los Angeles and 
William F. Dreer (the two most suscep- 
tible to die-back for me) growing for two 
years without any pruning at all, and 
some bushes were practically denuded by 
black-spot yet not a sign of die-back. 

Observation leads me to believe that 
most of the trouble with modern roses 
(most of them having a trace of Perneti- 
ana blood) is caused by too much pruning. 
Also, some eyes on the same bush have 
far more vigor than others, and with the 
"whack-it-to-t he-ground" type of prun- 
ing you force a small number of eyes to 
do the growing and the percentage is 
against those few being the real strong 
eyes that will give real results that can 
be had by building up a large bush first. 
Then you will have some eyes burst 
forth with shoots ^^ inch or more in thick- 
ness, with corresponding bloom from the 
ordinary small-bush varieties. 

Those who have put rose-cuttings in the 
ground late in the spring know that often- 



times, when conditions are favorable, the 
cuttings will make a growth of up to 4 to 
6 inches, then die off. Upon taking them 
up they have found there was no root- 
action at all, definite proof that the 
growth was from food stored in the wood, 
another argument in favor of light pruning 
especially when planting new roses. 

Let's have a little more observation and 
less copying of someone else's ideas in 
these articles on pruning and care of the 
rose. — R. S. Hennessey, Oregon. 

Fertilizer and Color 

Four years ago I had a bed of forty- 
eight Red Radiances. From these I se- 
lected two bushes and used a commercial 
fertilizer — blood, bone, and potash in a 
ratio of 5-8-7. I used one pint to each 
bush on May 1, and such roses as they 
produced— dark red, with petals like 
velvet. The two bushes were entirely 
different from the others and bore the 
most beautiful flowers I ever saw. 

I learned of 5-8-7 fertilizer in August, 
1930, from the Agricultural Experiment 
Station, New Brunswick, N. J. I carried 
soil up there and had it analyzed, and 
they suggested using 6 to 8 per cent 
ammonia, 6 to 8 per cent phosphoric acid, 
and 5 to 7 per cent potash, and I have 
used it ever since. It certainly brings out 
the color of the rose. I use 5-8-7 fertilizer 
early in May and again the middle of July. 

I am now experimenting with the fol- 
lowing roses and will know results about 
May 10: 

5 Comtesse Vandal 

5 Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont 

5 Edith Nellie Perkins 

5 Amelia Earhart 

5 Marv Hart 

5 President Herbert Hoover 

1 Golden Climber 

5 Golden Ophelia 

I am trying to find a good yellow 
Hybrid Tea rose, and have tried Mrs. E. 
P. Thom, Julien Potin, Sunkist, Lady 
Hillingdon, and Luxembourg, but they 
will not give satisfaction in this climate 
around Chattanooga. However, I have 
had good success with Golden Ophelia. 

For dependable roses around Chatta- 
nooga, Tenn., use Red Radiance, Ra- 



diance, Mrs. Charles Bell, Mme. Jules 
Bouche, Charles K. Douglas, Columbia, 
Kaiserin Auguste Viktoria, Betty Up- 
richard, Mrs. Henry Bowles, Etoile de 
Hollande, and the China or Bengal rose, 
Gruss an Teplitz. Any of the well-known 
Hybrid Perpetuals are dependable, also 
all Hardy Climbers and everblooming 
Polvanthas, or Baby Rambler. Do not 
buy less than 3, 6, or 10 of a kind, and 
never buy a dozen different sorts unless 
you are trying out new patented novelty 
roses. Always buy budded stock from a 
responsible nurseryman and plant in the 
fall, up to February 15 for the South. 

—Dr. W. H. Brundige, Tennessee. 



Kansas Roses of 1933 



'* Favorite Dozens 



>» 



My garden on Long Island contains 
only about one hundred Hybrid Teas, a 
dozen climbers of various kinds, some 
Polvanthas, and some shrub roses. 

In the yellow or nearly yellow class, 
President Herbert Hoover tops the list 
for almost continuous bloom, vigorous 
growth, and resistance to heat, such as 
we had here during last July; and Golden 
Dawn has massive flowers almost the 
size of a peony, and delightful fragrance. 
Space will probably not permit to sing 
the praise of Joanna Hill, Etoile de Feu, 
Roslyn, and Mrs. Erskine Pembroke 

Thom. 

Of the pink varieties Margaret Mc- 
Gredy was in the lead for all-round good 
behavior, but the irresistible Dame Edith 
Helen ran a close second, along with 
Charles P. Kilham, Mrs. Henry Bowles, 
and Souv. de Georges Pernet. Among 
the reds I am very fond of E. G. Hill. 
Already there are a dozen roses which I 

prize highly. • t ,, 

I w^ould like to ask who conceived the 
idea of only a dozen favorites when there 
are several dozen more equally as good? 
If I made such a choice, I would consider 
myself verv ungrateful to at least another 
dozen, which in the past have given me 
untold pleasure and enjoyment. 

Among the singles I have favorites as 
well: A bud of Innocence, Cecil, or Irish 
Fireflame to me are most charming. What 
a pitv that we see them so rarely. 

_Frank O. Stein, New York. 



With another season (the third con- 
secutive) of lack of normal rainfall, with 
abnormally high temperatures, our local 
conditions prevented satisfactory results 
from testing new varieties. In fact, only 
a few of our most zealous rosarians 
derived any satisfaction in growing their 
tested favorites. Even this comparatively 
small number was limited to those for- 
tunate ones whose plants were grown on 
a yellow clay foundation. My personal 
experience proved the utter folly of 
attempting to grow them in any other 
way. The only satisfaction derived in my 
season's experience was in proving the 
vast superiority of the climbing sports of 
the Hybrid Teas over the larger number 
of the Hybrid Wichuraianas. I have 
failed, so far, to test any of the former 
that have not proved superior in vigor 
and hardiness to the parent plants. 
Several Climbing Los Angeles (California- 
grown plants) are striking examples of 
this gratifying feature. 

— Otto Greef, Kansas. 

Judging Roses 

In reference to G. F. Middleton's 
article, "Roses Seen Through Judges' 
Eyes," in the January-February Maga- 
zine, the first quality of a judge is to be 
impartial and to set aside his likes and 
dislikes. Because a variety is old is no 
reason that it should not be "the queen 
of the show." It is great sport to scan 
and try novelties to find a worthy pre- 
tender that might replace the "old gals." 

Middletcn is right— an exhibition of 
blooms is not an exhibition of stiff"ness 
and foliage. The box system eliminates 
stem and foliage, and that's in its favor. 

As to removal of damaged petals, the 
very fact that an exhibitor is so careless 
as not to remove such petals should dis- 
bar him as not deserving the supreme 
aw ard. It is the little details that count. 
Many varieties of most glorious sweep- 
stakes possibilities always have one or 
two deformed petals, and these should be 
removed, just as a florist always "dresses 
his roses before staging them at his show 
window. —J. H. Nicolas, New York. 



16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



(National Rosarium, continued from page 2) 

tees' Meeting on May 30 or 31. A pros- 
pective site has been viewed and photo- 
graphed, and expressions of interest have 
been secured from promising quarters. 

The Chairman urges all members who 
have a genuine interest in promoting and 
developing this great project to get in 
touch with the Secretary, who will 
explain what is wanted and how the 
work may be best forwarded. 

Membership 

The membership continues to grow. 
There are 250 more members now than 
at this time last year, with a great many 
1933 members unheard from. Possibly 
many of them will send in their renewals 
later. The Secretary's life would be much 
easier if he only knew how many would. 
Pubhcations are expensive and the num- 
ber printed has to be gauged by the 
prospective number of members who will 
need them. It would be disastrous to 
underestimate, and financially ruinous to 
print too many. Please help by renewing 
subscriptions each year before February 1. 

Additions to the Library: 

"The Rose Amateur's Guide," by 
Thomas Rivers, 1846, No. 60. "The 
Amateur's Rose Book," by Shirley Hib- 
berd, 1874, No. 61. "Rose Growing," by 
J. N. Hart, No. 62. "The Amateur 
Gardener's Rose Book," by Dr. Julius 
Hoffmann, 1905, No. 63. "Roses and Rose 
Gardens," by Walter P. Wright, 1911, 
No. 64. "Les Plus Belles Roses au 
D6but du XXe Siecle," 1900, No. 65. 
"Brand Canker of Rose" (Pamphlet 
Cornell University), by Cynthia Wescott, 
1934, No. 66. 



Year Book of the Rose Society of 
Ontario, 1934. 

One of the most interesting Annual 
rose books which come to the Editor's 
desk is the Year Book of the vigorous 
Rose Society of Ontario, edited by Paul 
B. Sanders, whose observations have done 
so much to add to the value of "The 
Proof of the Pudding" in our own Annual. 

Mr. Sanders reports the findings of the 
Society's Rose Test-Garden at Guelph; 



and a symposium on pruning follow^s 
which goes into the subject very thor- 
oughly. The two contributors from the 
United States, Dr. McFarland and G. A. 
Stevens, are alone in advocating light 
pruning for garden effects. The general 
practice in Ontario tends to severe cut- 
ting to produce fine exhibition blooms. 
At the end of the article is given a key 
to the proper pruning of a selected list. 

Experiments in breeding hardier varie- 
ties for the northwest provinces are given 
by William Godfrey, of Morden. Mani- 
toba, with descriptions of several hybrids 
raised at the Federal Experiment Station 
there. Old readers of the American Rose 
Annual will remember Mr. Godfrey's 
contribution to the survey of roses in 
"The Blizzard Country" in the American 
Rose Annual several years back. 

Mr. A. J. Webster discusses yellow 
roses, and our own J. H. Nicolas gives his 
opinions on pruning climbing roses. Mr, 
Sanders also writes about roses for 
beginners. Thereiare articles on roses m 
color schemes, new varieties, roses origi- 
nated in Canada— in fact, a thoroughly 
up-to-date, invigorating book. 

The Rose Annual. National Rose 
Society (of England). Edited by 
Courtney Page^ .. 

Space limitations prohibit an extended 
review of the monumental 1934 'issue of 
this Bible of rosarians. There is a superb 
article by H. R. Darlington on "Form in 
the Rose," with beautiful pictures to 
illustrate his points. Dr. A. H. Williams 
goes deeply into the recondite matters of 
cell-structure, the theory of species, what 
happens when roses are budded on wild 
understocks, why some roses are double, 
and various questions of breeding and 
genetics. It is all very deep, very thrill- 

i^^'f ^""^ f^^^^y Informative. George 
Dillistone discusses "Colour in the Rose 
Garden and there is much matter on 
disease investigation. All this in the first 
85 pages of a 277-page book. New roses 
are illustrated in color. Reports of the 
shows and of the varieties on test at 
Haywards Heath, as well as many articles 
ot local interest, round out a splendidly 
su^tantial volume. The colored picture 
ot Karen Poulsen is our envy and despair. 




V 



WFTT NURTURED roses making new growth provide 
new WoomI in many of the Hybrid Tea, Bourbon ^.d 
other varieties. These give us, m addition to the yet un- 

acknowkdged foliage richness of the rose ^^^^l^^^l^'^i^^Z 
iust where it will count most during July and August. Wise is ine 
grower who has established, at salient points "} J'S bor<te , 
Diante of many of the Polyantha roses, of Gruss an TepI itz. Birdie 
Ritplovous Cavalier, National Flower Guild., and similar persis- 
tent suZer bloomers He will find the summer roses less enduring 
EZs" in early spring and late fall, ^ut d-bl^^^^^^^^^ 

There need be no diminution m rose fr endships, rose associa 
tions bv reTon of the summer. In fact, these friendships should 
bfoom mo~orously, because summer absences permit oppor- 

'"to^^^rurged'thTmembers of the American Rose Society, 
wherever they visit, consult the last membership list, and if a rose- 
Mow hUs there, make the pleasant acquaintance mterchange 
which is so highly enjoyable and advantageous. 

Then too. these summer visits give new variety knowledge, 
and pro;ide kew suggestions of places where roses may Aour^^^^ 
and of roses to build up one's own garden. The rose itselt will 
bfoom an summer, and ?he Rose Society now h^ppdy mcre^mg 
in membership, can be strengthened and made more vital to its 
members with just a little desirable ettort. 



^ 



'/, 



Z 



y 



■A 



Jm^^^^a^j!^jJ^ 



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uBlisKed W The American Rose Society, Harristur^,Pa, 

15 < a copy • $1.50 a year 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G. A. Stevens 

Published bi-montbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 



Subscription price: To members of the American Rose 
Society 75 cts. a year, 15 cts. a copy, wbicb amount is 
included in the annual dues of Sj.fo. 

To all others: S1.50 a year. 25 cts. a copy. 

Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harris- 
burg, Pa., under the act of March 3. 1»/V. 



Vol. I, No. 10 



1934 



July-August 



Business Matters 

SINCE the last issue of the Rose 
Magazine, two meetings of the 
Trustees and the annual meeting of 
the Society have been held. Full reports 
of the business transacted at these ses- 
sions are published in the back pages of 
this issue 

The following officers were elected for 

1935: 

President DR.S.S.SuLLiGER,Tacoma,Wash. 

Vice-President. Leonard Barron, Garden City, 

N. Y. 

Treasurer S. S. Pennock, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Secretary G. A. Stevens, Harrisburg, Pa. 

The two amendments to the Constitu- 
tion increasing the number of Trustees 
from nine to twelve, and authorizing the 
formation of a Council to meet with the 
Trustees, were unanimously carried. This 
provides for a reorganization of the 
Society on the basis of sectional repre- 
sentation in the Council, and the Execu- 
tive Committee will be very glad for 
suggestions from the membership as to 
how this representation should be ap- 
portioned. 

The Portland Meeting 

The Secretary and Leonard Barron, 
Trustee, went to Portland as the eastern 
representatives of the Society. There was 
a fine delegation from California, several 
members from other states, even as far 
away as Florida. In all, about sixty 
members registered at the Secretary's 
desk on the morning of the meeting. A 
full report of what happened in Portland 



is being prepared by Quimby L. Matthews 
but has not been received in time for this 
publication. It will be held for the Sep- 
tember issue or the Rose Annual. Suffice 
it to say here that many interesting talks 
were given at the several sessions of the 
meeting as well as at the banquet on the 
night of June 12, some of which we hope 
to publish in this and future issues of the 
Magazine. 

Washington and British Columbia 

As everybody knows, the annual meet- 
ing of the American Rose Society was held 
in connection with the annual Portland 
Rose Festival, which culminated in a great 
parade. The Secretary was unable to 
remain for this occasion, but Mr. Barron 
did stay to take part in it. 

The Secretary's tour took him to 
Chehalis, Wash., where the Lewis County 
Garden Club, an affiliated organization, 
staged a remarkably fine rose show con- 
sidering the lateness of the season. On 
the following day both he and Mr. Barron 
acted as judges at the extraordinarily good 
rose show of the Tacoma Rose Society. A 
tour of Tacoma gardens followed, dis- 
closing many beautiful and richly planted 
gardens about that city. The quality of 
the flowers at Tacoma was especially high, 
and the competition in the several classes 

keen. 

W^hile at Tacoma, opportunity was 
taken to visit Dr. S. S. Sulliger, the newly 
elected President of the Society, whose ill 
health had kept him from Portland. Dr. 
Sulliger was in excellent spirits, much 
pleased with the election, and full of plans 
for the Society when he assumes office. 
He sent his greetings and thanks to all 
the members for the honor. 

A quick run was made to Seattle the 
same evening, and the next two days were 
spent in that city and vicinity. The 
Seattle show was larger than that at 
Tacoma, and the quality of the roses 
equally fine. In fact, the judges had a 
peculiarly difficult time in deciding upon 
the sweepstakes rose, and some fairly 
warm arguments followed the close de- 
cision. A noteworthy feature of the 
Seattle show was the display of roses in 
English exhibition boxes, according to 
the method described in this year's 

Continued on page i6 



Rose Understocks 

By ROLAND G. GAMWELL 

Notes oj address made at the Annual Meeting 



IN THE time allotted to me some 
observations will be made on the 
question of understocks, which I am 
aware has different reactions in different 
parts of North America. I am wondering 
whether many of you, when you buy a 
rose-bush, care to inquire upon what root- 
stock it was grafted and whether you 
realize that the rootstock controls in 
great part the quality of the plant you get. 
No time need be wasted in telling you 
that the lovely hybrid rose of today's 
garden does not produce the glorious 
blooms of which it is capable when grown 
on its own roots, and that, in order to 
give you the best it has, it must be started 
out in life with the strong body and 
generous root-system of a variety which 
excels in those athletic qualities and 
which can give to the choicer blossoming 
plant its own strength and stamina and 
virile constitution. 

This strong-growing variety is known 
as the understock, and is usually a species 
rose; that is a rose that is natural or v^^ild 
in some part of the world. In taking 
advantage of the virile qualities of these 
untamed wildings, we look directly to 
their ability to transmit to the choicer 
flowering guest-plant their inborn 
strength and stamina. 

The charm of their wild loveliness 
appeals to the esthetic nature of the 
rosarian, and, for that reason, species 
roses are enjoyed in gardens that can 
accommodate them. Rosa hugonis and 
Allard's Xanthina give a glorious touch 
of gold to the shrubbery border; the 
fleecy snow masses of Japanese Multi- 
flora are extremely artistic; one is irresis- 
tibly drawn to the blood-colored Moyesi, 
the rosy pink of Nutkana and of the well- 
armed slender Cerasocarpa, while the 
fragrant Eglantine of the English hedge- 
rows, now happily naturalized in our 
Pacific Northwest, delights us all with its 
delicious aroma. 

In the choice of an understock other 
and more prosaic qualities of the species 
rose are the ones to be considered. While 



something over 4,000 wild roses are 
known in the world, less than a dozen are 
really used as understocks. Just why the 
number is so few is not known, but the 
continued use of that few is suspected to 
be largely a matter of habit. It is natural, 
too, that a commercial grower should use 
the kind that is easily obtainable In his 
own locality. 

While there are exceptions, Texas 
generally uses the tender Odorata, Cali- 
tornia, Gloire des Rosomanes or Ragged 
Robin, Oregon, the Manetti, and most 
eastern states have united on Japanese 
Multiflora. Up in Washington where 
rose-growing is a newer industry than in 
the states mentioned and no understock 
habits had been formed, there was oppor- 
tunity for making a choice, there was 
opportunity for some observation and 
study. Japanese Multiflora seenied to 
offer the most advantages, and is now 
quite universafly employed in the state 
of Washington. 

Of the most used species, R. rugosa 
takes a bud-graft readily and gives 
flowers of good size and color. But 
Rugosa has one incurable fault — it throws 
up suckers from every root-nodule, and 
one Rugosa plant will make a Rugosa 
forest of your garden in a very short time. 

K. odorata, much used in the South, is 
too tender in the North. It comes from 
a warm section of China and, naturally, 
does not like cold weather. We occasion- 
ally have some of that up this way. 

Rosa chinensis manetti was once the 
most popular understock, but its use is 
now limited, its last real stronghold being 
the glasshouse, but even there it is losing 
to Multiflora. Moreover, it produces too 
many bushes of the grade enjoyed by the 
department-store trade. 

Ragged Robin, or Gloire des Roso- 
manes, is limited to California growers. 
It is a good plant in that state and gener- 
ally does well there. While it is a good 
understock for a warm country, it needs 
more protection in the North than har- 
dier species. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Rosa setigera is hardy enough but takes 
long to develop a root-system and is too 
hard to bud to be a favorite. 

The Sweetbriar, R. rubiginosa, is also 
hard to bud and too long in making good 

roots. T • u 

Rosa canina is first class, or 1 might say 
are first class, for there seems to be a good 
many varieties of the Dog Rose. Canina 
is hardy and very vigorous. There are 
some plants in my garden with trunks as 
big as your fist and thorns that would 
almost cut glass. It suckers, too, more 
than Manetti, but not so badly as Rugosa. 
Canina takes a bud well and has a fair 
root-system. British growers swear by it. 
We don't like it because cuttings do not 
strike well and the seeds are of slow and 
uneven germination. 

Racial preference, or perhaps it is only 
habit, makes the Britisher continue to 
use Canina. He has exclusive confidence 
in that species regardless of what Canina 
it is. Just so long as it is called Canina it 
is satisfactory, although I did get an 
English rosarian in Vancouver to admit 
that identical varieties growing side by 
side were, for some reason which he 
couldn't understand, doing much better 
on Multiflora than on Canina. 

Canina, however, has one characteristic 
enjoyed by Multiflora that is valuable or 
not, depending on one's viewpoint: Both 
are long-lived. In discussing with a 
California growler the comparative lon- 
gevity of Multiflora and Ragged Robin as 
understocks, the Californian admitted 
that Ragged Robin was not so long-lived 
but added that when it died, in three or 
four years, the good soul that owned it 
took all the blame for its death, believed 
she had not given it enough bonemeal or 
had sprayed with Black -Leaf 40 when 
lime-suIphur would have been better, and 
then, undismayed, bought another bush 
of the same kind, determined to be more 
generous with bonemeal in the future 
and reverse the spray formulas. "But," 
he added, "if she buys a Multiflora 
budded rose, it lasts forever, the trans- 
action is closed, and all interest in new 
roses and better roses is blocked in that 
direction." I have no comment on the 
logic or merit of the argument. I do, 
however, believe in progress with roses 



as with anything else, and so believe m 
discarding even good ones when similar 
but better varieties are obtainable. Of 
course, I am ready to admit while in this 
city of Portland that the w^orld has not 
yet been able to produce a better rose 
than Mme. Caroline Testout. 

Rosa nutkana, our best wild rose, has 
been tried by a number of nurserymen 
but discarded. Vigorous enough in the 
wild meadow, when introduced to garden 
conditions it seems to yearn for the 
hardships of wild life and pine for com- 
panionship of its old friends and neigh- 
bors. A few years of civilization is all it 
can stand. It is short-lived in the garden. 
R. nutkana was the first rose found by 
the scientists with Vancouver's expedition 
in 1792 and got its name from Nootka 
Sound on the west coast of Vancouver 
Island, which was Captain Vancouver's 
headquarters for a time. 

A number of other species roses claim 
support as desirable understocks. During 
the past ten years discriminating rosarians 
have been taking interest in the matter 
of understocks. They have found out 
that there is a diff"erence in theni, par- 
ticularly in their hardiness, their lon- 
gevity, and in the quantity of blooms they 
produce. Some research has been made. 
Close comparisons have been made. 
Identical varieties have been budded on 
a dozen or so of difl'erent species. Careful 
records have been kept, and up to the 
present time the one species that sur- 
passes all others as an understock is a 
selected form of Multiflora. 

The consistent good behavior of Multi- 
flora justifies the preference so generally 
expressed for that understock by most of 
the observant rosarians of the northern 
and eastern sections of our country. 
Multiflora seems to be entirely free from 
disease and shows no susceptibility to 
mildew or black-spot or to that other 
trouble about which some easterners 
raised a hullabaloo four or five years ago, 
but which proved to be a false alarm. I 
refer to chlorosis. 

Multiflora is free of the suckering habit 
because, when de-eyed with reasonable 
care — and it is relatively easy to do a 
good de-eying job — ^there is nothing to 
induce a wild shoot. Multiflora does not 



throw up stalks from the roots, nor are 
there any hidden adventitious eyes to 
give trouble. 

Wood-texture differs between rose va- 
rieties and also between plants of the 
same variety propagated under dissimilar 
conditions. Harder wood is produced by 
any variety under severe conditions than 
mild ones. Climatic severity compels the 
plant to build up resistance through 
toughening its wood, but when propa- 
gated under soft climatic conditions, only 
varieties that are naturally hard-wooded 
develop sufficient resistance to endure the 
burning sun, arid winds, and changeable 
weather of the greater part of the United 
States. I hope I may be pardoned for 
thus suggesting some of the reasons for 
the superiority of rose bushes propagated 
in the Pacific Northwest. 

It seems to be a plausible statement, 
and because plausible, readily accepted 
without proof, that roses have likes and 
dislikes to the extent that some prefer 
one stock while others grow better and 
give better flowers on a different root. 

I am not convinced that this is a proved 
rule, not convinced because no competent 
record has been brought to my attention. 
Some solitary instances have been noticed, 
however. The lovely hybrid Bracteata, 
Mermaid, hesitates to accept any stock, 
willingly but with least objection unites 
with Rugosa. Moyesii, with its gray- 



anthered, blood-red blooms, also doesn't 
seem to like an alien root, but grudgingly 
accepts several. We often hear rose- 
enthusiasts declare that this or that 
Hybrid Tea does better on one stock than 
on another, but persistent questioning 
discloses merely a theory and not known 
facts based on carefully recorded experi- 
ment. 

In a commercial nursery which caters 
to all classes of rosarians there is not 
profitable opportunity to have several 
understocks, and so a rose-grower must 
seek for and choose that understock 
which combines the desirable qualities of 
strong root-system, production of high- 
quality bush, virile constitution, ability 
to endure heat and cold, no inherent vices 
or disease, and one that induces its foster 
superstructure to approximate the glori- 
ous bloom portrayed by the introducer's 
lavishly worded description. 

In my opinion, a strain of Japanese 
Multiflora carefully chosen after intdli- 
gent observation and field-trial — not just 
any Multiflora, but a selected proved 
strain — comes nearest to the rosarian's 
ideal, best serves the ambitious amateur, 
and is superlatively superior to the 
Odorata of Texas, the Ragged Robin of 
California, the Manetti of Oregon, the 
Rugosa of the Dutchman, and all the 
Caninas of the British Isles. 



International Test-Gardens at Portland 



By FORREST L. HIEATT 



ALONG-ANTICIPATED event was 
realized when, on the morning of 
June 14, in company with other 
visiting rosarians and piloted by a niember 
of the local entertainment committee, I 
spent an hour in the International Rose 
Test-Garden in Washington Park, Port- 
land, Ore. 

The late Jesse A. Curry, on his last 
visit to San Diego in 1926, told me about 
the aims of the Test-Garden, and Dr. 
Sulliger was so enthusiastic about it when 
he was here last year that naturally I 
counted on a visit to this garden as one 
of the high spots of the trip to Portland. 



Arriving at the gardens about 9.30, we 
found the gates locked, and, upon inquiry 
of some park workmen, learned that the 
"rose-man" had been laid off for the week, 
and no one else had a key. This seemed 
strange indeed, especially at a time when 
so many rosarians were visiting the city. 
But one good rosarian had preceded us, 
and, knowing the gardener's address, had 
gone for him, so after a few minutes of 
peering through the wire fence this gentle- 
man drove up with the gardener, Mr. 
Edmunds, who, because of the presence of 
members of the Portland Rose Society, 
who possess special privileges, unlocked 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



the gates and allowed us to inspect the 

roses* 

The Test-Garden is well situated. 
Located on a sloping hillside, drainage 
is not a problem, but in grading the 
garden they seem to have left a low spot 
on the upper side near the bank which, 
from all appearances, allows water to 
stand during wet periods. This can be 
easily corrected and should be. There is 
ample room for expansion should it be 

necessary. » j r l 

There were about six hundred bush 
roses and some one hundred climbers, the 
latter trained on the fence inclosing the 
garden and upon a trellis inside. The bush 
roses were planted in three sections of six 
beds each, which in turn contained thirty 
roses each. These sections contained 
duplicates in each section in order that 
each variety might be subjected to 
different treatments such as spraying, 
dusting, ground treatment, etc., or the 
lack of any or all of them entirely. 

There was little bloom in the garden at 
the time. Nypels Perfection, a bushy 
Polyantha, was covered with lovely pink 
single blooms and at once attracted our 
attention. Among the bush roses which 
impressed us and which were identified 
by different members of our party, either 
from having grown them or from color 
plates and catalogue descriptions, were 
Angels Mateu, Mme. Emile Daioz, Mrs. 
J. D. Eisele, President Macia, Heros, 
Condesa de Sastago, Duquesa de Pena- 
randa, and Mme. Van de Voorde. 
Nigrette and Black Knight were not "so 
hot." The outstanding climbers that were 
identified were Reveil Dijonnais, Climb- 
ing Ruth, Countess of Stradbroke, and 
Rosella, a single scarlet flower of a size 
admirable for use in floral arrangements. 
Ednah Thomas, with which most of us 
were familiar, also demonstrated that it is 
a good rose in Portland. Some of the 
other Thomas climbers in the Bloomfield 
garden had much promise. 

The garden showed a lack of proper 
care, probably due to a restricted budget. 
I understood that the schedule of spraying 
and the like had not been kept up because 
the gardener was frequently assigned to 
other duties in the park system which 
kept him away for weeks at a time, which, 



of course, interfered with the tests. This 
is very unfortunate and should be 
remedied. Any treatment for control of 
disease is valueless if not given at regular 

intervals. p i r> 

I was told also by a member ot the Hose 
Society that even the $200 to provide for 
medals to be awarded in connection with 
the tests, and for which the city of Port- 
land was obligated to both foreign and 
American growers who had sent roses, 
had been cut from the budget last year. 
There are many ways to economize in 
city management, but this, in my opinion, 
was very poor economy. It was probably 
initiated by some politician who didn't 
know anything about roses and had no 
conception of the Test-Garden's value to 
its own rose-growing citizens and of its 
advertising value to the world at large. 
If the Portland Rose Society and The 
Royal Rosarians have half the influence 
one would suspect they have, judging 
from the publicity emanating from the 
Chamber of Commerce, a little pressure 
in the right direction would remedy this 
situation. 

Certainly a city of 300,000 people 
which advertises itself as The Rose City 
cannot afford to do less than assign a full- 
time gardener to this Test-Garden and 
the rose-garden adjoining, for it loses 
much of the value of this advertisement 
when it neglects this most important 
feature of rose-culture. 

I found Mr. Edmunds a thoroughgoing 
rose-man, trained in the fundamentals of 
rose-growing from his youth when he was 
associated with D. Prior «& Sons, of 
Colchester, England. It is my opinion 
that he is the right man in the right place, 
and that he could bring the Test-Garden 
to the very highest point of effectiveness 
if given the time and authority to do so. 
These remarks are made in all kindliness, 
and with an intense desire that something 
may be done about it by the many fine 
people I had the good fortune to meet 
during my stay. The real rose people of 
Portland are as fine a lot as one could 
meet anywhere; they were wonderful in 
their hospitality and courteous in every 
way. I hope they will get behind this 
Test-Garden and see that it is made all 
that it has a right to be. 



Rose Show at Portland 

By QUIMBY L. MATTHEWS 



THE Portland Rose Society held its 
forty-sixth Annual Rose Show on 
June 12 and 13, 1934, at Laurel- 
hurst Park. For many months the flower- 
lovers and rosarians of Portland had been 
looking forward to this great event. The 
Garden Club had postponed its annual 
show in order that it might exhibit its 
beautiful flowers at the show. Thousands 
of new rose bushes had been planted, and 
the affair was to be the largest and most 
elaborate ever attempted. The Canadian 
Legion was to be our guest and the 
American Rose Society was to hold its 
annual convention in our city. 

But, alas, the season had been very 
early and the best flowers had come and 
gone. Many of the growers had pruned 
their roses late and very severely in the 
hope that they would have beautiful 
flowers at the time of the convention, but 
a spell of cold weather during the last 
days of May and the early part of June 
prevented their roses from blooming, so 
roses for the show were scarce and the 
ones obtainable were not outstanding. 

The flowers of the Garden Club, how- 
ever, were excellent and the exhibits were 
most elaborate. The fine fellowship of the 
visiting members of the American Rose 
Society more than compensated for the 
disappointing roses. And what splendid 
people they were! Portland will never 
forget them. Their names have been 
written into the history of our city and 
into the hearts of its citizens. 

The show was attended by several 
thousand people and was the most suc- 
cessful we have ever had. Many of the 
visiting Canadian Legionnaires were de- 
lighted to see their beautiful flag floating 
beside the Star-Spangled Banner as they 
entered the large show-tent. A new and 
interesting feature at the Rose Show was 
the Royal Rosarians' Table. This was 
the first year that the Royal Rosarians 
had exhibited their roses in a class. The 
feature was so successful that it will be 
continued in the future. Mr. George 
Beech, of Cardiff-by-the-Sea, California, 
brought 200 beautiful roses from his 
garden and exhibited them at the show. 



The rose-tent naturally commanded 
the foremost interest for the members of 
the American Rose Society as many of 
them had come a long distance to see our 
roses. And although our best blooms 
were gone, we still had a large display ot 
both single flower entries and bouquets. 
In the center of the tent there \yere 400 
roses in vases arranged in a pyramid which 
apparently supported the mam pillar ot 
the tent. Around the walls, arranged on 
terraced tables, the bouquets of roses 
were shown, and in a large side tent the 
beautiful tea-tables were exhibited. An 
avenue lined with 1,000 potted President 
Herbert Hoover roses led from the tent 

into the park. 

The famous Nicholson Silver bowl, 
given for the best twenty-five blooms in 
the show, went to Mrs. Quimby L. 
Matthews. This is the second time that 
Mrs. Matthews has won this trophy. The 
Grand Sweepstakes was won by Mrs. D. 
R. Shoemaker, of Oswego, Oregon, with a 
beautiful entry of Mabel Morse. This 
was the first time Mrs. Shoemaker had 
ever exhibited her roses. The second- 
best rose in the show was a fine Mme. 
Jules Bouche entered by E. V. Creed, 
President of the Portland Rose Society. 
The flower winning the Meier & Frank 
trophy for being the best in the Garden 
Qub exhibit was a beautiful A^agno/ia 
macrophvlla entered by A. Sorenson, 7009 
North Portsmouth Avenue. The bloom 
measured more than 12 inches across. The 
most unusual flower in the show was that 
of a pomegranate entered by Mrs. W. S. 
Gilbert, of Milwaukie, Oregon. Mrs. Cyrus 
A. Dolph won the $25.00 cash prize for 
capturing the most blue ribbons at the 

Show. „ 

The Sweepstakes Prize for the 4-H 
Clubs was won by Joy Thompson of 
Multnomah, Oregon, and the second place 
was won by Jack Rosenau of the Kenton 

School. r r • I 

There were a number of professional 
exhibits. Outstanding among them were 
the exhibits by Peterson & Dering, The 
Lambert Gardens, The Mountain View 
Floral Company, and R. S. Hennessey 






8 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



of Hillsboro, Oregon. Professional growers 
exhibiting Japanese iris and delphiniums 
were Pudor Inc., of Puyallup, Washington, 
and Mrs. Agnes Wheeler, of Ppr^and. 
The Swiss Floral Company and O. h. 
Panzer had beautiful displays of r^k- 
garden plants and other flowers. The 
George L. Baker Florists Inc. staged a 
large display of begonias. 

The judges were: Dr. Charles H. 
Adams, San Jose, Calif.; Leonard Barron, 
Garden City, L. I., N. Y.; Dr. Earl W. 
Benbow, Seattle, Wash.; Mrs. W. C. 
Bogan, Del Monte, Calif.; Mrs. C. C. 
Derby, San Jose, Calif.; Dr. V. L. Glover, 
Martinsburg, W. Va.; Forrest L. Hieatt, 
San Diego, Calif.; G. F. Middleton, 
Seattle, Wash.; R. A. Nicholson (donor 
of the Nicholson Bowl), Victoria, B. C; 
Harry W. Smith, Seattle, Wash.; G. A. 
Stevens, Harrisburg, Pa.; C. H. Stocking, 
San Jose, Calif.; Dr. George F. Wisner, 
San Jose, Calif. 

For artistic arrangement: Mrs. W. L. 
Brewster, Portland, Ore.; Mrs. Fremont 
Older, Cupertino, Calif.; Jamieson Parker, 
Portland, Ore.; Wade Pipes, Portland, 
Ore.; Miss Hazel Robb, Portland, Ore.; 
Mrs. H. A. Roberts, Portland, Ore.; Miss 
Bertha Stuart, Portland, Ore.; Ernest F. 
Tucker, Portland, Ore. 



Port Arthur Rose Club 
Pilgrimage 

On Saturday, May 26, some of the 
members of the Port Arthur Rose Club 
visited the rose-fields of Tyler, Texas. 

We were met by a delegation of the 
"Associated Rose Growers" at the Black- 
stone Hotel, and after a slight rest we 
were conducted to the fields of nine of 
the growers, and I shall report the fields 
as we reached them. 

First, we reached the Rosemont Nurs- 
ery of A. L. Thompson and inspected his 
planting at his new sales location. We all 
passed judgment on his landscaping and 
pronounced it excellent. All of the fields 
which we visited there were in first-class 
condition. Passing on to D. O. Ford's 
fields, we found the same condition. Next 
we went to the fields of W. B. McGinney, 
Texas Nursery Co., Moore Nursery & 



Floral Co., Dixie Rose Nursery, B. L. 
Guinn, M. L. Bosch, J. G. Atwood & 
Sons, and J. A. Bostick. 

I went through the fields searching tor 
insects and rose diseases, while the ladies 
in the party were admiring the beautiiul 
buds and blossoms, and I failed to tind 
in any of the fields visited the slightest 
sign of scale, blight, canker, or other rose 

disease. . , ^ u 

There is less black-spot m those helds 
than shows in my own, or the municipal 
rose-gardens here. I failed to find weeds 
or bunches of grass in any field visited. 
In fact, I can say that these rose-tields 
are the cleanest that I have ever seen, 
and the growth is smoother and nicer 
than I expected to find in the state at 
this time of the year. fir 

I predict an extra-fine crop ot bushes 

for fall sales. . 

The ladies who made the trip will never 
forget the courtesy and attention shown 
them by the "Growers' Association," and 
they commented at length on the fact 
that the man who was in their individual 
party boosted his competitor's stock. 

One lady who is advanced in years 
(like yours truly) said: "When a man 
praises his competitor's business and 
explains the good qualities of his stock, 
there is nothing on earth that can beat 
their Association." 

I can see nothing but progress for men 
who cling together in a common cause. 

ABOUT THE ROSES 

I saw a section of E. G. Hill in one 
block and it drew my eyes when a half 

mile away. 

Mary Hart and Souvenir made an 
excellent showing. Climbing Talisman 
and Climbing President Hoover were a 
revelation. Canes of this season's growth 
were from 4 to 6 feet long. 

Mrs. E. P. Thom drew attention a halt 
mile away. Comtesse Vandal was m 
beautiful bud and in excellent condition. 
The greatest attraction in all the fields 
was Director Rubio. Such a combination 
of foliage and flower I have never seen 
prior to this visit. If it proves adaptable 
to this climate it will be the greatest treat 
for rose-lovers to date. 



Dame Edith Helen, Lady Margaret 
Stewart, and Edith Nellie Perkins still 
hold their place for type and color. Lord 
Charlemont shows excellent tor the time 
of the year. All of the^ old **stand-bys" 
were doing their "stuff." 

A word about the people of Tyler. 
After visiting the fields of nine members 
of the Association, we reached the lake 
and picnic-grounds at 6.30 p.m., and, after 
resting a few moments, we saw Mr. and 
Mrs. A. L. Thompson of the Rosemont 
Nursery coming into the grounds, and 
they unloaded food and drink to satisfy 
our ravenous appetites. 

Mrs. Thompson acted as hostess and 
was unanimously voted a most excellent 
one. Mr. Thompson told me at lunch that 
the food was sent us with the compliments 
of the Cameron Cafeteria. 

It seems that the Rose Festival of last 
season has united the various businesses 
in Tyler, and each one wishes to help 
make visitors anxious to come again. 

I am sure that our Club will make a 
regular pilgrimage to the Tyler rose- 
farms in the early fall, with a majority of 
the members in attendance. — T. A. 
Butler, Texas, 

Judging Roses 

Had it been possible for Clarence G. 
White, of California, to attend the Rose 
Conference at Portland and then journey 
north to the Tacoma and Seattle Rose 
Shows, he would have soon realized that 
for the major part, when it came to the 
awarding of prizes, not a few of the judges 
were impartial as to types and names of 

roses. 

The reason why the judges, including 
myself, gave the Sweepstakes Prize last 
year to Mrs. Joseph H. Welch was 
because it happened to be one of the "old 
gals" (as Mr. Nicolas so aptly terms it) 
and none of the others considered could 
be crowned "Queen of the Show." The 
reason we do not grow it is because so 
many other varieties of the same color 
do give a greater number of perfect 
blooms regardless of the season. 

To improve and maintain the standard 
of rose shows, rules and a scale of points 
to judge by are necessary. Points must 



be considered when roses are almost of 
equal merit, especially if we are to reward 
the growers' skill in growing and exhibit- 
ing "Specimen Blooms" to perfection. ^ 
I sincerely hope others will state their 
views on judging roses, and I am sure all 
rose-lovers will benefit greatly by these 

discussions. 

In conclusion, may I ask why growers 
persist in displaying roses of scant petal- 
age like Padre, Independence Day, and 
even Isobel as specimen or exhibition 
blooms for sweepstakes honors? — G. F. 
Middleton, Washington. 

Roses in Texas 

It occurred to me that you would 
probably be interested in a recent visit 
I made to the Tyler (Texas) rose-fields. 

I do not pose as an expert on roses- 
just an amateur who has been growing 
them and studying their peculiarities tor 
ten years or more, and who is deeply 
interested in anything pertaining to roses. 
My observations have been sufficiently 
close, however, to lead me to believe that 
I know good roses when I see them. And 
I saw them in Tyler. 

I was very forcibly struck by the 
absence of insects and disease. It had 
not seemed possible to walk through 10- 
acre fields of growing roses and not find 
a single plant that had any evidence ot 
disease. In fact, I saw close to two million 
plants on my visit, and not a single dis- 
eased plant. Of course, I did not ook at 
that number of plants individually, but 
did go through sections of each planting 
represented, making close observations as 
I passed through. 

For several years I have planted 
Texas-grown roses and have found them 
of a very high quality. 

In all other places where I have ob- 
served roses being produced or grown in 
quantities it was necessary to keep up a 
constant battle against black-spot, aphis, 
and other insects and diseases. At Tyler, 
however, nature seems to have given the 
producers perfection as to soil and cli- 
matic conditions. It is God's own rose 
country.—BEN Arthur Davis, Missis- 
sippi. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



11 



Trustees' Meeting, Roanoke, Va. 

May 30, 1934 



The following Officers and Trustees met at 
the Roanoke Hotel at 10 a.m^ Richardson 
Wright, Dr. J. Horace McFarland, G. A. btevens, 
Leonard Barron. Dr. T. Allen Kirk Robert 
Pyle, Officers and Trustees, and Dr. Whitman 
Cross, Honorary Vice-President and Chairman 
of the Committee on the National Rose-Garden. 
Regrets from: S. S. Pennock, the Rev. Earl 
William Benbow, Forrest L. Hieatt, Mrs. Ralph 
Orwig, Alexander Gumming, Jr., J. H. Nicolas. 

The Secretary briefly summarized the annual 
reports which were presented for the examination 
of the Trustees present. A few comments were 
made by the Trustees, and satisfaction was 
expressed with the general sound and healthy 
condition of the Society's finances. Upon a 
motion by Dr. McFarland, seconded by Mr. 
Barron, the reports were accepted and made 
part of the record. r r u 

The situation with regard to the transfer ot the 
medal die to the Medallic Art Company of New 
York was discussed at some length, and a letter 
was read from Mr. Pennock giving us his view 
that since the J. E. Caldwell Company had the 
die in their possession, and had always rendered 
excellent service to the Society, he did not thmk 
it would be well to make the change. Since the 
original motion to transfer the die to the Medallic 
Art Company was based upon the misconception 
that the die was in the possession of the U. S. 
Mint, it was agreed to reconsider the motion and 
to leave the die with the J. E. Caldwell Company. 
A motion, made by Mr. Pyle and seconded by 
Dr. Kirk, was carried. 

The question of awarding the medals of the 
Society at exhibitions held by organizations not 
affiliated with us was next discussed. Discussion 
of this matter developed various opinions on 
the whole question of awarding medals, and 
whether it would not be better to have all 
societies, affiliated or not, pay for the niedals 
which they receive. A motion was made by 
Mr. Pyle, seconded by Dr. McFarland that for 
the present the Secretary be allowed to exercise 
his discretion as to the award of medals to 
organizations not connected with the American 
Rose Society. But it was clearly brought out 
that this matter must be taken up at a later 
meeting and discussed in fuller detail and some 
decision reached. The trend of the discussion was 
most distinctly that the Trustees were not in 
favor of awarding the A. R. S. medals to any 
organization whicn has not affiliated with us. 

The Officers and Trustees present expressed 
their regrets that none of them would be able to 
accompany the Secretary to the annual meeting 
in Portland, as he so urgently requested them to 
do. After considerable discussion as to the 
expense of making the trip and the desirability 
of having another representative from the 
eastern part of the country attend the meeting, 
it was agreed, upon motion by Mr. Pyle seconded 
by Dr. McFarland, that Leonard Barron, 



Trustee, and nominee for Vice-President, should 
accompany the Secretary, his traveling expenses 
to be borne by the Society. The Secretary and 
Mr. Barron were instructed to present the regrets 
of the President, other Officers of the Society, 
and members of the Trustees' Board, to the 
annual meeting, and to wish all the members a 
pleasant and profitable time m Portland. 

The invitation from Dr. Dodge of the New 
York Botanical Garden that the A. R. S. con- 
tribute $100 toward the cost of making illustra- 
tions of black-spot for publication in "Addisonia 
was declined with regret. . 

Invitations from the Iowa Rose Society to 
hold the annual meeting in 1935 in Des Moines 
were read and discussed in the light of similar 
invitations from Rochester, New York, and 
other cities. Action was deferred to a later 

meeting. . ^ . » 

Speaking in behalf of the Committee on the 
National Rose-Garden, Dr. Cross made the 

following report: . , , • r 

"There has been continual observation ot 
development of park, garden, and planning work 
in and about Washington bearing on the question 
of a site for a Rosarium. The Committee has 
also prepared and sent out to several groups ot 
persons, statements concerning the scope and 
character of the project as outlined by the 
Committee, asking for opinions, suggestions 
and criticisms. 

"Last fall the Secretary addressed such a 
letter to a number of members of the A. R. S. of 
presumable interest and of experience m such 
matters. He received replies from some of them 
expressing much interest, a few gave timely 
advice, others questioned the wisdom of such an 
undertaking, while some indicated little com- 
prehension of the subject. 

"The Committee has approached persons not 
connected with the Society as to their views on 
the plan. In a few cases, effort has been made to 
interest persons who might consider giving 
financial aid. In some instances, decided interest 
has been shown although the discussion of the 
scheme has of necessity been very general. 

"A concise statement of the character and 
scope and aims of the Rosarium has been fur- 
nished, on request, to the National Capital Park 
and Planning Commission for their files, to be 
used as occasion requires. This statement can be 
replaced as our plans become more definite. 
Cordial coSperation by the Commission seems 
assured wherever practicable. 

"Dr. Coville, acting director of the National 
Arboretum, has examined several sites with the 
Chairman, expressing opinions as to sites, soil, 
and plant-growth adjacent. 

"Intelligent interest seems to increase as a 
realization is gained of the unusual character 
and importance of the project. At this stage, 
surely no public advertisement is desirable. 

"A site has been found by the Committee 



which appears quite satisfactory under the 
prospects for the larger park and boulevard 
plans now under way in the area about Wasli- 
ington. The situation as to major improvements 
was explained by use of a large scale map ot 
Washington and vicinity. . 

"A new feature to be considered m selecting a 
site is the projected automobile highway which 
will enable motorists traveling north or south to 
avoid the congested centers of Baltimore and 
Washington. The route of this thoroughfare 
around the latter city has been selected, includ- 
ing the site of a fine new bridge across the 
Potomac River. This may well be important as 
adding to the accessibility of certain sites. 

"The Committee called attention to the magni- 
ficent new Boulevard and Parkway connecting 
Washington and Mt. Vernon, affording perma- 
nent protection for the river-front as well as 
satisfactory and dignified approach to the shrine 
of Washington. It was emphasized that the Mt. 
Vernon Boulevard is but one of four contemplated 
by the act of Congress for 'the acquisition, 
establishment, and development of the George 
Washington Memorial Parkway along the 



Potomac from Mt. Vernon and Fort Washington 
to the Great Falls.' All were authorized at the 

same time. . . . r^u:o 

"Work on plans for the remaining units ot tins 
great plan is in progress in the office ot the 
National Capital Park and Planning Commission 
in cooperation with corresponding state com- 
missions of Maryland and Virginia. The Govern- 
ment is authorized to accept donations trom 
private sources and to share remaining expense 
with the state concerned." . 

Mr. Cross closed his statement with an expres- 
sion of his personal conviction that the broad 
Rosarium project may well be so planned as to 
provide the greatest assistance to the American 
Rose Society in its professed purpose of promot- 
ing rose-culture in all directions throughout 

After discussion a resolution was adopted by 
the Trustees authorizing the Committee to en- 
large its membership as desired by adding persons 
actively interested in any of the various phases 
of the Rosarium project, and to continue the 
study of plans and relations to the Society itselt. 

The meeting adjourned. 



Trustees' Meeting, Portland, Ore., June 11, 1934 



A meeting of the Trustees of the American 
Rose Society was held at 9 a.m., Monday, June 
11, at the Portland Hotel, Portland, Ore. Mem- 
bers present were: Forrest L. Hieatt, Leonard 
Barron, the Rev. Earl W. Benbow, and G. A. 
Stevens, Secretary. 

The meeting was opened by the Secretary who 
requested Mr. Barron to serve as Chairman. 

Minutes of the meeting of the Trustees held m 
Roanoke, Va., on May 30, were read and 
discussed. 

The Secretary explained at length the situation 
with respect to the National Rose-Garden, and 
the Trustees present expressed their approval of 
the scheme and approved the action taken by the 
Trustees at Roanoke. 

It was moved by Mr. Hieatt and seconded by 
Mr. Benbow that Trustees approved action at 
Roanoke. Carried. 

The Secretary reported that he had asked Mr. 
Hieatt to attempt to locate the die for the Capt. 
George C. Thomas Medal in Los Angeles, since 
he had been unable to locate it in Philadelphia. 
The Society at present has no funds to continue 
the George C. Thomas Medal, but it is hoped 
that, if we can obtain possession of the die, the 
funds can be forthcoming to re-establish and con- 
tinue the Medal in honor of that great rosarian. 

Mr. Hieatt stated that on his last visit to the 
Captain's garden at Beverly Hills a suggestion 
had been made to him to change the name of the 
rose Victoria Harrington to Captain George C. 
Thomas. He objected to this and expressed his 
opinion that the best of Captain Thomas' ever- 
blooming climbers should receive his name. The 
Trustees heartily approved Mr. Hieatt's stand. 

Mr. Hieatt offered a suggestion that, possibly, 
if such a rose could be selected and named, it 
might be introduced by the American Rose 



Society as Mary Wallace was handled, and the 
income used to establish a foundation to support 
the George C. Thomas Medal. 

The Secretary explained the purpose ot tlie 
amendments to be voted on at this meeting and 
showed how it was hoped to obtain better and 
more active local representation and interest by 
increasing the number of Trustees and setting 
up an Ac^isory Council. 

In discussing the reports which were presented, 
the Secretary explained how the cost of serving 
members has been decreased by increasing the 
number of annual renewals rather than bringing 
in new annual members, and he showed how the 
Society gained by having fewer members which 
renewed their membership from year to year 
than by incurring the expense of entering annual 
members every season. He asked for suggestions 
as to how it might be possible to insure the con- 
tinuing interest of new members. 

Mr. Hieatt suggested that applications tor 
memberships be treated in a more or less fornial 
manner, and that new members be proposed by 
present members, with the understanding that 
when they come in they join permanently. He 
feels that this would impress new members with 
the responsibility of membership and would 
induce them, perhaps, to take a greater interest 
in the Society after they have joined. 

A suggestion to charge an initiation tee to 
make the dues of first-year membership greater 
than those of succeeding years was not very 
favorably received. The matter has been lett 
open for future discussion. 

After brief discussion, the Trustees decided 
that Mr. Benbow ought to preside at the annual 
meeting in the absence of the President and 
Vice-President. inon 

The meeting was adjourned at 10.30 a.m. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



Annual Meeting of the American Rose 
Society, Portland, Ore., June 11, 1934 



The meeting was opened by the Secretary who 
read the following telegram from Richardson 
Wright, President: 

"Deeply regret pressure of busmess pre- 
vents my being with you at the wonderful 
Portland Rose Tourney. Please extend to 
the officials and to rosarians the heartiest 
greetings of the American Rose Society 
and of Its President." 

Inasmuch as Dr. SuIIiger, the Vice-President, 
could not be present, the Secretary suggested 
that the Rev. Earl William Benbow, Trustee, of 
Seattle, take the chair and called for nominations 
for permanent chairman of the meeting. Mr. 
Roland Gamwell, Bellingham, Wash., moved 
that the Rev. Benbow be made permanent chair- 
man and that the nominations be closed. Seconded 
by Mr. Hieatt. Unanimously carried. 

Mr. Benbow took the chair and opened the 
meeting in the regular manner. The Secretary 
was called on to read the minutes of the last 
meeting of the Society. He explained that inas- 
much as these minutes had been published in 
"The American Rose Magazine" and were 
available to all, there was little to be gained by 
repeating them. Upon a motion by Quimby L. 
Matthews, seconded by Mrs. Daniel Heffner, 
the reading of the minutes of the last annual 
meeting was dispensed with. 

The minutes of the meeting of the Trustees 
held in Portland immediately preceding the 
annual meeting were read and approved. These 
included the reading of the minutes of the 
Trustees' meeting in Roanoke on May 30. The 
reports of the Secretary and the Treasurer were 
placed upon the table, and upon motion bv 
Quimby L. Matthews and seconded by H. M. 
Eddy, they were approved and accepted. 

The Chairman nominated the following Com- 
mittee to canvass ballots for the election: 
N. B. Coffman, Chehalis, Wash., Mrs. L. J. 
Merrill, Hillsboro, Ore., R. C. Bertsch, Auburn, 
Wash. 

The Secretary was then called on to present 
the Gold Medals awarded at the past spring 
shows. He reported that the Gold Medal won 
by Traendly & Schenck, of New York City, for 
the rose Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, had been 
sent to them by mail since it was impossible for 
them to have a representative in Portland to 
accept the medal for them. He then called on 
P. Van Hevelingen, of Portland, to accept the 
Gold Medal awarded to Frank Schramm, 
Crystal Lake, Ills., for the rose Mrs. Frank 
Schramm. Mr. Van Hevelingen had been de- 
signated by Mr. Schramm as the person to 
receive the medal for him. He was not present 
and, in consequence, the medal was retained by 
the Secretary and brought back to Harrisburg. 
It will be forwarded to Mr. Schramm by mail. 

The new business of the Society consisted of 
making two amendments to the Constitution, 



notice of which had been mailed to all members 
of the Society thirty days in advance of the 
annual meeting. The Secretary read the amend- 
ments as follows: . , . r n 
To amend Section 2, Article 4, as follows: 
The management of the Society between 
sessions, and the appointment of the Honorary 
Vice-Presidents, will be vested in a Board of 
twelve members to which the President, Vice- 
President, Secretary, Treasurer, and Editor of 
the Society's publications shall be added as ex 
officio members. The retiring President shall 
also serve on the Board of Trustees for one year 
immediately following retirement. 

Add new section: Section 5, Article 4, entitled 
COUNCIL. 

The Trustees shall have power to select or 
appoint not more than fifty members of the 
Society as an Advisory Council. 

The Trustees may delegate the selection ot 
Councilors to sectional groups, chapters, or other 
organizations within the American Rose Society. 
The Council shall meet with the Trustees at 
least once a year and shall have advisory powers 
in the management of the Society. . 

Also amend By-Laws to provide election ot 
four Trustees each year instead of three. 

The Secretary discussed briefly the reason for 
proposing these amendments, and after a short 
discussion on the part of the members present, 
George Beech, of San Diego, suggested that the 
meeting take one vote on all three amendments 
and moved that they be adopted. This niotion 
was seconded by E. V. Creed, of Portland, and 
was unanimously carried. 

The donor of the Nicholson Bowl, R. A. 
Nicholson, of Victoria, was introduced to the 
meeting and talked briefly about his experiences 
in growing roses in the tropical climate of Hong 

Kong. . 

The Chairman of the Election Committee, K. 
C. Bertsch, then read the result of the tallying 
of the ballots which had been prepared in 
accordance with the report of the Nominating 
Committee. The result of the ballot was as 

follows: . ^«rk T 

For President: Rev. S. S. Sulliger, 499; J. 
Horace McFarland, 4; G. F. Middleton, 1; 
Marton Samtmann, 1; E. V. Creed, L 

For Vice-President: Leonard Barron, 505. 

For Treasurer: S. S. Pennock, 505. 

For Secretary: G. A. Stevens, 505. 

For Trustees, term expiring 1937: Forrest L. 
Hieatt, 502; Robert Pyle, 502; J. H. Nicolas, 
504; James C. Clark, 504; Jasper E. Crane, 1; 
C. R. McGinnes, 1; Alfred Campbell, L 

The Chairman also appointed a committee to 
adopt a set of resolutions to be read at the 
afternoon meeting. Roland Gamwell was made 
Chairman of the Committee. 

The meeting adjourned at 12.15 for lunch. 



Joint Meeting of the American Rose Society and the Pacific Rose 
Conference, June 11, 1934, Portland Hotel, Portland, Ore. 



The meeting was opened at 3.15 p.m., by the 
Rev. Mr. Benbow, Chairman of the annual 
meeting, who called upon Quimby L. Matthews, 
acting as Chairman of the General Pacific Rose 
Conference. 

Mr. Matthews called upon E. V. Creed, 
President of the Portland Rose Society, who 
delivered the following address of welcome: 

"This is a very happy occasion for me and the 
other officers of the Portland Rose Society in 
extending a welcome to the American Rose 
Society in its annual convention, meeting here. 

**I had the pleasure of attending the meeting 
last year, in June, of the American Rose Society 
in the city of Boston, being there to extend a 
welcome on behalf of the city of Portland Cham- 
ber of Commerce and other organizations, and 
it was a very great pleasure to have Portland 
selected as the Convention City. 

"Portland is known as the 'City of Roses.* 
Portland people have actually bought more roses 
this year than they have for some ten or twelve 
years. One nurseryman has sold 12,000 bushes, 
which shows that the people have become more 
interested in rose-culture. 

"When I came here from Michigan, Portland 
was known as the 'City of Roses,* and I felt it 
was a civic duty and a privilege to become 
interested in growing roses. It has become a 
hobby with me, and I have received lots of enjoy- 
ment in looking after my roses and seeing what 
can be done. One thing, one never completes 
the job, which makes tne growing interesting. 
It is a happy occasion when rosarians get to- 
gether and discuss their problems. 

"From the bottom of my heart, I want to 
extend a cordial welcome to the American Rose 
Society. 

"See the other events — the coronation of our 
Queen tonight, knighting of our distinguished 
guests. Festival parade — and there are so many 
things that it is hard to take them all in. 

"Again, I am sure you are going to enjoy your 
stay in Portland, and, of course, like a lot of us, 
we make our stay too short.** 

He was followed by Forrest L. Hieatt, of San 
Diego, who talked most interestingly on some 
old roses of southern California. 

Mr. Roland G. Gamwell, of Bellingham, fol- 
lowed Mr. Hieatt, discussing the importance of 
various types of rose understocks. A synopsis of 
Mr. Gamwell's talk is published elsewhere in 
this issue of the Magazine. 

Mr. N. B. Coffman of Chehalis, Wash., then 
told about the inception and building of the new 
municipal rose-garden in Chehalis, the county- 



seat of Lewis County, Washington, with united 
support of the whole community. The talk was 
made intensely interesting by the fact that a 
number of those present were acting as judges 
at the first Chehalis Rose Show, to be held June 
14, when a chance to inspect the garden would 
be afforded. 

Mr. Coffman was followed by Mrs. L. J^ 
Merrill of Hillsboro, Ore., who talked on "Enter- 
ing Rose Living.** Mrs. Merrill had conducted 
a symposium among various members of the 
American Rose Society, asking them how and 
why they first became interested in growing 
roses. The discussion was deeply synipathetic 
and was greatly enjoyed and appreciated by 
those present. 

At the completion of the afternoon speeches, 
Mr. Benbow resumed the chair and called upon 
Mr. Gamwell for a report of the Resolutions. 
Committee. Mr. Gamwell reported as follows: 

Resolved, That to the officers and members of 
the American Rose Society, we express our 
appreciation for their untiring effort in the 
administration of the Society's affairs during the 
past year, and we offer our thanks for their 
unselfish devotion to the purposes of the Society 
and the welfare of its members. 

Resolved, That to Dr. Spencer S. Sulliger, 
President Elect, we send a message of greeting 
and of sympathy for the illness that keeps him 
from being present with us today. 

Be it further resolved. That we express to the 
Portland Rose Society, its officers and commit- 
tees, our grateful recognition of the opportunity 
they have given us of holding our 1934 conven- 
tion in the "City of Roses" and for the excellence 
of the arrangements which they have made for 
our pleasure and entertainment, as well as for 
the transaction of our necessary business. 

Resolved, That these Resolutions be made a 
part of the minutes of this conference and a copy 
thereof be sent to the Portland Rose Society. 

Respectfully submitted, 
Roland G. Gamwell, 
Resolutions Committee. 

It was moved by Mr. Beech, of San Diego, 
and seconded by Mrs. Heffner, of Portland, that 
these resolutions be adopted and published as 
part of the minutes of the meeting. It was 
unanimously carried, and the Chairman in- 
structed Mr. Gamwell to send a telegram of 
greeting to Dr. Sulliger, who was ill at his home 
in Tacoma. _ 

The meeting adjourned. 



WLet this serve warning to breeders of the world that for orange and yellow roses I 
arnmg. p^pose to originate some time in the future, I reserve the exclusive right to the 
following names— the first a beautiful orange material while the second, when dissolved, is of a 
color applicable to a rose shading from red to yellow: "Sodium Beta-naphthoquinone-4-sulpho-- 
nate" ; "Orthocarboxybenzene-Azodimethylaniline."— Chas. E. F. Gersdorff, District of Columbia. 



14 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Membership Report 

.. u K^"^^^"^^H^'"SMembers for 1934 Total Members for 1933 

Class ^1(?a^"l1S:T93r' ^'''t'^T^y2^^^ Jan. 1-May 28 

Annual, New. . ^^ ^ 953 1,870 

Annual Renewals ^u » ^3 22 

Honorary Members ^ ^25 132 

Life Members. V 43 47 

Sustaining Members } 4j 39 

Commercial Members ^ ^ 1 

Research Members ^ — ^ 2,435 

Statement of Assets and Liabilities for the Year 1933 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 15 

Treasurer's Report 

Cash Balance in Bank and on Hand, May 31, 1934 

General Fund: 

Citizens Trust Company of Harrisburg. ^ ^^^g ^y 

Check Account . [ '. s'.OHO'.HO 

Savings Fund $7,769.27 

Accounts Reserved for Special Purposes: ^^^ 15 

1. Life Membership * 447' 17 

2. Commercial Rose Interests Committee 9io*«A 

3. Dues for Future Years ^^^'^ 



Secretary's Contingent Fund: 

Check Account 

Petty Cash 

Total Funds Available 



2.019.19 
$5,750.08 

$607.28 

18.48 625.76 

$6,375.84 



Assets as of December 31. 1933 

Cash— Treasurer's General Fund . 

Cash— Secretary's Contingent Fund 

Cash — Savings Fund 

Dues for Future Years 



Investments . . . • •, j, ; ,: * • * * • • * ' 
Inventories— Books and Pubhcations 

sJ^e'la;y^rDVart ment-StatioAery and Supplies 
Books for Sale 



$2,247.29 

131.74 

3,080.80 

1.949.86 

_-L $7,409.69 

17,328.75 

5.025.47 

64.68 

156.36 

8.70 



Furniture and Fixtures 

Lantern Slides Account 

Liabilities as of December 31, 1933: 

1934 Dues ••••,.• 

Dues paid beyond 19i4 

Commercial Rose Interests Committee Fund 
R?SrTd for Special Medal Award Accounts 

Life Membership Account 

Fund for Fighting Rose Diseases .... 

Invested in Bonds ... 

Unfilled Orders and Miscellaneous . . . 
Surplus, General 



5,255.21 
174.35 
41.36 

$30,209.36 



$1,800.00 
149 86 

1,302.66 
505.40 
352.16 
213.00 
17,328.75 
139.42 
8.418.11 



$1,949.86 



28,259.50 
$30,209.36 



Statement of Income and Expenses for Year 1933 

Income for Current Exoenses: $8,729.04 

1933 Dues— 2,747 Members 1530.18 

Paid before January 1, 1933 _J $7,198.86 

.... 542.99 

Interest on Investments . 635.29 

Sales of Annuals and Other Books I9459 

Contributions and Miscellaneous Income $8,571.83 

'''"shfr^ifSmfrcSTo^e Interests Dues (62 Commercial Members at $6.50) . . 403.00 

Interest on Special Medal Award Accounts ^q^q 

Interest on Commercial Rose Interest Account 100*00 

Contributions to Rose Disease Fund 1 801.00 2,452.20 

Dues for 1934 and beyond 11024 03 

Total Receipts $16;633!46 

Grand Total 

Expenses: ^ .* ... a i $3,218.36 

Printing and Mai ing Annuals 1.467.71 

Printing and Maihng Magazines . ... ... • • • • 43949 

Postage and Miscellaneous Expenses. Editor's Department • «|-Jg 

Primers . '.'.'.'.... 152.80 

Lantern Slides ,«;. ' .i ' ' " 17 ' ' 1 824 98 

Promotional Literature and Miscellaneous Expense 324 05 

Prizes, Exhibits, Shows, Medals 2 330 36 

Secretary's Department Expense _J :__ ^^ ^^ 

Total Current Expenses ... . . ; • *"• 

Disbursements from Funds Reserved for Special Purposes: ^ ^ 

Contribution to National Flower Show 1 — 

9,182.75 

Balance in General Fund, Check and Savings Fund Accounts, December 31, 1933 ^''^^"'^^ c i6 633 46 

Total 



Editor's Department: 
Annuals — 3308 Copies 

Printing, less Advertising .... 

Cartons 

Postage . 

Inserts and Miscellaneous . . . 

Average Cost 96 cts. per copy 

Binding 1919 Annuals 

Magazines: 

Printing, less Advertising 

March-April — 3500 copies . . . . 

May-June — 3000 copies 

July-August — 3000 copies . . . . 

September-October — 3000 copies , 

November-December — 3000 copies 

Wrappers 

Postage 

Miscellaneous 



Details of Expenses for Year 1933 



$2,808 

71 

221 

69 



,80 
20 
59 
91 



$3,171.50 
46.86 



$303.03 
278.00 
274.68 
274.95 
285.95 



-$1,416 
6 
24 
20 



61 

93 

.02 

15 



General Expense: 

Postage, Telephone, and Telegraph 

Stationery . . . 

Executive Committee Meeting 

Stenographer 

Miscellaneous 



49.95 

47.35 

12.00 

319.00 

11.19 



1,467.71 



Primers 



439.49 
225.00 



-$5,350.56 



Secretary's Department: ^. ^q^ 

Stenographic and Clerical Help 311 

Stationery i^^ 

Postage ^S 

Telephone and Telegraph "^V 

Office Supplies 22 

Addressograph ji 

Petty Cash ^' 

Membership Cards 

Traveling and Miscellaneous 



34 
221 



60 
,50 
,10 
,55 
,09 
.53 
,00 
.00 
.99 



Prizes, Exhibits, Shows, and Medals: 

Prizes 

^^eoais ............. 



10.00 
314.05 



$2,330.36 



324.05 



Promotion Literature and Miscellaneous: lOAn 

Treasurer's Office an2o« 

Promotional and Miscellaneous ieoon 



Lantern Slide Account 
Total Expense 



152.80 



977.78 
$8,982.75 



Comparison of Operating Expenses 

JT " 1932 



ITEMS 



1933 
Amount 



Avg. 
per 

Mem. 

$1.95 
.85 
.12 



Editor's Department Expense $5,350.56 

Secretary's Department Expense 2,330.36 

Prizes, Exhibits, Shows, Medals . 324.05 

Promotional Literature and Miscellaneous, including 

Lantern Slide Expense 977.78 

Total Operating Expense $8,982.75 

Number of Members ^»^^Z 

Membership decrease from year to year 622 

Per cent decrease in membership from year to year . . 18.5% 

Number of Annuals purchased and cost per copy . . . 3,308 @ $0.S«5 
Number of Magazines purchased and cost per copy 



Amount 

$7,322.48 

2,980.83 

695.80 



Avg. 
per 
Mem. 
$2.18 
.88 V 
.20 V 



Average 
1923-1931 (incl.) 
Avg. 
Amount per 

Mem. 
$1.96 
1.05 
.07 J4 



$8,378.87 

4,482.60 

322.18 



35 



1,258.21 .37 



434.96 .11 M 



$3.27 



$12,257.32 $3.64 
3,369 
553 
14.1% 
4.519 @ $1.09 



$13,618.61 $3.20 
4,280 



(5 editions) 15,500 @ $0.09 Magazine was not issued until 1933 

No charge has been made since July, 1923, Jot time oj the Secretary, Jor reiU, beat, light, or office space. 



15 THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 

Comparison of Inventories 

As of December 31. 1933 ^^'^y^irnl?^*''' ^^oon 00 

^ V 416 @ $1.00 $416.00 990 @ $1.00 5990.00 

Annuals-Current Year 5 431 @ 75 4.073.25 4,766 @ .75 3.574.50 

Annuais-Previous Years ^'^J ^ ^^5 25.10 502 @ .05 25.10 

Handbooks goO 1 10 30.00 300 @ .10 30.00 

Quarterlies .. . • ^"^Z 10 2.40 48 @ .10 4.80 

Standardized Rose Names 31 @ .03 .93 42 @ .03 1.26 

Indexes to Annuals . . . • • • • • c. i j if „* w" ' ' 500 ^ 45 225.00 599 @ .45 ^X^'^^ 

p-imer— "What Every Rose-Grower Should Know . . 3"" ^ -^f, - 10513 6184® .01^4 92.76 

AdSessoKraph Plates and Blank Frames 6.908® .01 H 105.13 6.184 (o^ /a 

Medals. Cases Dies etc. ■■ ■. jgj (a 25 40.50 162® .25 40.50 

Certificates— Life. Honorary. Merit 1 40O ® 16 00 22.40 550 4.00 

Cartons— Annuals ^q g j^ qO 8.40 

P"mers 7 750 @ 5.0O 12.50 

Letterheads o qaq /^ 2.78 22.24 „ ^^ -^ ^^ 

Bill Forms , 2 500 1 5 00 12.50 4.000® 5.00 20.00 

Record Cards ^^'^q "^ 86.66 1,000 60.60 

Envelopes '..'.'. 2!000 @ 4.13 8.26 ^ ^. 

Second Sheets ^ 9.6I 9.61 

Books for Resale 12.00 12.00 

Circulars • • • • 337 4.00 403 4.80 

Price Display Cards j 20 6.62 

Supplies & Sundries 12 @ 1.00 12.00 

Binders for Quarterlies ^^.^ 7 20 950 800 

Loan Library Labels 2 000 ® 2 00 4.00 2,900 ® 2.00 6.00 

Labels for Packages .- • • • ^q'oOO E 175 35 00 

Membership Application Blanks 20,000® !./!> ^'"^ 

$5.255.21 $5.201.10 

Continued Jrom page 2 Both Mr. Barron and the Secretary are 

Annua.. There is no dc^bt that W ZZ'AI':::^1 lu S! cZ^J^^tZ 

blooms ^^"be appreciated at thar best ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^j^^j. 

"m°n'xt'ltwas"p n i'rtt dty of ships' strengthened and renewed It ,s 

Victoriras guests of R A. Nicholson, who hoped that more and more members can 

K a good rose when he sees one. take advantage of the unusual opportun,- 

Probably fhe finest roses seen anywhere ties afforded by our annual meetings, 

on the western trip were those in the Additions to the Library: 

gardens of Victoria. The growers are very No. 57-9. 1934 Year Book of the Rose 

keen amateurs, and at one of the places we Society of Ontario, 

visited we found the roses were cut every ^^^^m^^^^^^^^^ 

morning and staged in exhibition boxes Vale! 

indoors for the enjoyment of the faniily, ^^j.^ j^^g just reached us that Paul B. 

The time in Victoria was all too briet, ganders of Guelph, Ontario, long a valued 

but it was necessary to hurry on in order contributor to the American Rose Annual, 

to fill out the schedule. A day was spent j-^j ^^ j^^e 26. The Society has lost a 

in inspecting the nurseries of Eddie & g^^j fj-jend and co-worker but the world 

Gamwell at Bellingham, Wash., and ^^ ^^^^^ jg richer for his having lived. 

Sardis, B. C, finishing up with a meeting ■^■^^^^^«^«^^— i 
of horticultural people in Vancouver and 

a quick look at many lovely gardens in Hot Weather Stuff 

that city the following morning. j)^. Paris M. Blair, of Seattle, handed 

Everywhere the rose interest was high ^^ ^j^jg amusing Latin couplet at the dinner 

and the keenness with which the people ot fallowing the Seattle Rose Show. 

Vancouver, Victoria, Seattle, Tacoma, u u * o 

and Portland grow and show their roses Quinque sumus fratres, unus barbatus 

is good indication that sooner or later et alter, -t r • 

there will be a general northwestern show Imberberisque duo, sum semiberberis 

in which roses from the entire district will ego. 

be shown. It might even be possible to The trick is to translate it and then to 

exhibit roses from California, for in Port- figure out what part of a rose it has refer- 

land, this year, an extraordinary exhibition ence to. The Editor has two translations 

of flowers was brought up by motor from in English verse and will be glad to have 

the neighborhood of San Diego. others. Sena them in. 



tember-Odoter, 1934 







/> 



v 




Editedby 
Horace McFarland 
and G.A.Stevens ^ /. 



n ^RRY earnestly the Editors urge loyal tSk^fs^J^^^f- 
TJSy members to "get set" for complete and car^fiffe p^ 
^^S of thT Pudding" reports for the 1935 Annual. Last 
pSmary's devilish frost has tried out hardiness as we hope 
ft mTy not again be tested for at least fifty years. Now what 
SaTttie come-back? Have the plants sent up new growths 
of ^gor anrfloriferousness? Or have they evidenced organic 

'""^ ThLe who have honestly tried to control black-spot- 
and khas been in many places thoroughly controUed-can 
report for the good of the rose. ^ ., , 

Varieties similar to older sorts, too, ought to be put on 
the^St '^ New sorts which are mere "ringers" for older roses 
of proved merit need similar treatment. 

Ought we have a really great National Rose-Garden at 
WashSgton for trials, for history, for display, for the rose 
glory of America? Tell usl 

The 1935 Annual will be the twentieth volume in this 
series of live, encyclopedic books about the rose. What do 
you want in it? 



J:{u^^^^A^J^^J^ 



_ MT^KrA 







utlishedW The AmericanRose Society, Harrisbur^,Pa, 

15< a copy * $1.50 a year 




il 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G. A. Stevens 

Published bi-montbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 



Subscription price: To members of the American Rose 
Society 75 cts. a year, 15 cts. a copy, wbicb amount is 
included in tbe annual dues of $3-90. 

To all others: $1.50 a year, 25 cts. a copy. 

Entered as second-class matter at the Post Oflice at Harris- 
burg, Pa., under the act of Mar ch 3. 1879. 

Vol. I, No. 11 1934 Septemuek-Octobek 



Announcement 

Good fiekl-grown plants of the new 
rose Sentinel are now available for dis- 
tribution to the members of the American 
Rose Society. There is no charge for this 
rose, but it will cost each member who 
wants a plant 25 cents to defray the ex- 
pense of wrapping and mailing. 

Sentinel is a bush rose which will grow 
probably 5 to 6 feet high, with bright 
scarlet flowers of Hybrid Tea form, pro- 
duced throughout the season. It was 
originated by Mr. Mister Clark, whose 
Australian roses Scorcher, Nora Cuning- 
ham. Countess of Stradbroke, Daydream, 
Black Boy, and others have been bril- 
liantly successful. Mr. Clark presented 
his Sentinel to the members of the Ameri- 
can Rose Society several years ago, and 
it has not yet been distributed either 
here or in Australia. Arrangements were 
made by the Trustees with an interested 
nurseryman to grow enough plants with- 
out charge to provide one for each member. 
A limited number are available now. 

The entire stock will be distributed be- 
fore December 1, and we will not be able 
to handle any requests for plants after 
November 1. 

Send your quarter to the Secretary 
and get your rose. 

Texas Protests 

Mr. Gamwell's article in the July- 
August number has met with a vigorous 
protest from the commercial rose-growers 
of Texas who deny that Rosa odorata is 
an important understock in that territory. 
Most of the criticisms of Mr. GamwelFs 
article were good-humored and admitted 



that Mr. Gamwell knew a great deal 
about understocks, but expressed amaze- 
ment that he had been misinformed con- 
cerning the understock in use in Texas. 

Mr. Freeman of the Waxahachie Nur- 
sery Company writes that 

"there are probably six million rose plants being 
grown in East Texas for the coming market, and 
I do not believe there is an Odorata understock 
in the whole lot. Probably 98 or 99 per cent are 
being grown on selected Multiflora Japonica, 
perhaps 1 or 2 per cent on Texas Wax." 

Other nurserymen and amateurs have 
written to the Editor about the matter, 
and Mr. Gamwell himself has evidently 
been in receipt of considerable corre- 
spondence on the subject. Rewrites: 

"From an article in a July issue of Florists* 
Review I have learned with interest that the 
majority of Texas rose-growers have changed 
from Rosa odorata to Japanese Multiflora as an 
understock. 

"Just as I was reading the article, a letter 
came from the Secretary of the Chamber of 
Commerce, Tyler, Texas, giving the same 
information, expressing indignation in the tact 
that it was unknown to me and the fear that 
harm might come to Texas growers if buyers got 
the idea that Rosa odorata was still being used. 

"I am glad to know that the advantages of 
Multiflora have appealed to Texas growers and 
that Rosa odorata, referred to in my talk at the 
Portland Conference of the American Rose 
Society, has been largely replaced by Rosa 
multiflora. I wish the other rose-producing 
regions, not yet converted, might change also. 
Perhaps some day the virtues of other species 
may be demonstrated, but to date Multiflora is 
undoubtedly superior for garden plants in the 
northern tier of states." 

International Rose Test- 
Gardens 

Some disturbance was felt among menri- 
bers and citizens of Portland, Oregon, in 
regard to the more or less critical exam- 
ination of the International Rose Test- 
Gardens reported in the last Magazine. 

Mr. E. V. Creed, President of the Port- 
land Rose Society, writes: 

"I feel that the report of Mr. Hieatt is going 
to help a great deal in putting the Gardens in 
real shape and making them a credit to the city. 
Our Commissioner of Parks has itemized a very 
substantial budget which, I believe, will be 
sufficient to put the Test-Gardens in excellent 
condition. In it I notice that these items have 
been set aside: 
"$20,000 for a glass house for the Rose-Garden. 

$10,000 for a Rose-Garden panel. 

$10,000 for other work in the Garden. 
"We believe that confidence in the Garden 
will be renewed 100 per cent." 



Hartford's Test -Garden 

By R. MARION HATTON 



IN ELIZABETH PARK, Hartford, 
Connecticut, a Test-Garden for new 
roses was started in 1912 under the 
auspices of the American Rose Society, 
where novelties were judged and Ameri- 
can Rose Society awards made. 1 his 
lasted a few years, then the war came on, 
growers curtailed production, there were 
no new roses to test, and the trials were 

suspended. , ^ , a 

At the Annual Meeting of the American 
Rose Society in Boston in 1933, E. A. 
Piester, Landscape Architect ot the 
Hartford Park Department, proposed 
restoration of the Test-Garden. The high 
standing of Elizabeth Park in the rose 
world helped a lot in overcoming ditti- 
culties, and the trials got off to a splendid 
start last spring. . 

While the Test-Garden is withm a tew 
yards of the Rose-Garden, it is entirely 
hidden by large trees, evergreens, and 
surrounding shrubbery. During April the 
garden area was entirely reconstructed to 
allow beds for 66 bedding roses and 36 
climbers, with room for expansion as 
needed. The beds are five feet square and 
take five plants of one variety. They are 
separated by six-foot grass walks. 

Although it was late in the spring before 
he felt safe in calling for plants, Mr. 
Piester's "SOS" brought in 22 varieties 
of Hybrid Teas, 2 Hybrid Polyanthas, 
and 14 Climbers; this makes 148 plants 
under test this season. To avoid bare 
places, the remaining beds were filled 
with newer varieties of Hybrid Teas 
selected from catalogues. The novelties 
represent 17 different originators of 
America, France, Spain, Belgium, and 
Holland; there are 18 American roses 
among them. 

The moderately heavy soil with gravel 
subsoil and a favorable location with 
light, partial shade from the afternoon 
sun, provides ideal growing conditions, 
and Hartford enjoys all the cold weather 
necessary to give the plants a good winter- 
hardiness test. 

The roses are marked with code num- 
bers; careful records, which will be avail- 



able to the judges, are kept of the behav- 
ior of each variety. They will be judged 
by authorized American Rose Society 
judges and American Rose Society awards 
made. The Park officials also hope to 
announce a special Hartford Garden 
Medal for the rose scoring the higfiest 
number of points each year. . . ^ , 
After the plants receive their tinal 
scoring at the end of the second season, 
they will be removed and the beds 
remade for a new lot. The plants in the 
Test-Garden receive the same splendid 
care as those in the large Rose-Garden, 
and I found them in perfect condition. 
The plants were vigorous and healthy, 
with not a sign of black-spot or mildew, 
and although they had hardly had time 
to recover from the first burst ot bloom, 
there were quantities of flowers of good 
size and fine coloring. . 

Although the Test-Garden is hidden 
from sight from the driveway and Rose- 
Garden, so many visitors had found it 
that the grass walks were almost worn 
out; so many people had asked tor the 
names of the novelties that a sign was to 
be put up, saving that "as soon as judging 
was completed next year, names would be 
furnished to all who sent a self-addressed 

envelope." ^ , • t-i- u *u 

The famous Rose-Garden in Elizabeth 

Park w^as the first Municipal Rose- 
Garden in the United States and is now 
one of the most popular in the world, tor 
it is visited by many thousands of visitors 
every year from every state in the United 
States, as well as the provinces of Canada. 
The work of the Test-Garden is under 
the supervision of Mr. George HoHister, 
Superintendent of Parks, Mr. E. A. 
Piester, Landscape Architect of the Park 
Department, who is the inspiration 
behind the plan, and Mr Samue H 
Deming, Foreman of Elizabeth Park. 1 
met all three of these plant-lovers at the 
Test-Garden on July 23, and it was 
difficult to tell which of the three was the 
most interested. It is the hope ot all ot 
them to make the Hartford Test-Garden 
an American "Bagatelle." 



I 



I 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



I have more faith in this venture than 
in any other test project I know of. 
Hartford is exceedingly proud of her 
Rose-Garden in Elizabeth Park, and even 
if the present enthusiastic and efficient 
officials I have named should leave, I feel 



that the project would not be allowed to 

suffer. . p T 

The splendid condition of the roses in 
Elizabeth Park is attributed to proper 
feeding, careful cultivation, and regular 
spraying. 



The Seattle Rose Show 



By W. L. RICHARDSON 



THE annual rose show of the Seattle 
Rose Society was held in Floral 
Hall at Woodland Park, on June 16 
and 17, and proved to be one of the best 
shows in the history of the Society. In 
addition to the exhibits in competition, 
many beautiful courtesy baskets were 
contributed by other flower societies and 
friends. A few commercial exhibits of 
flowers other than roses were of fine 
quality and very interesting. 

In spite of the lateness of the season, 
the quality of the roses was very good. 
The height of the rose season occurred 
about ten days previously, so that many 
excellent blooms were lost to the show. 
However, the number of entries was 
surprisingly large, and the size, variety, 
and general quality of the blooms com- 
pared very favorably with those of other 
years. The principal winnings were made 
by Mr. M. A. Hulford, who, in addition 
to winning the sweepstakes, had the 
second and third best rose in the show, 
these being respectively, Mrs. A. R. 
Barraclough, Mrs. H. R. Darlington, and 
McGredy's Ivory. These were magnifi- 
cent specimens and well deserved the 
honors bestowed on them. 

Other roses prominent in the show 
were W. E. Chaplin, Mrs. Charles Lam- 
plough, Julia Countess of Dartrey, Mrs. 
Sam McGredy, Julien Potin, President 
Herbert Hoover, Paul's Lemon Pillar, 
and May Wettern. 

The show was honored by a visit from 
two prominent officials of the American 
Rose Society, Mr. Leonard Barron, Vice- 
President-elect, and Mr. G. A. Stevens, 
Secretary. These gentlemen assisted in 



judging the show and expressed them- 
selves as being greatly impressed with 
the fine quality of the roses. The show 
was judged under the new rules of the 
American Rose Society and no deviations 
from the rules were permitted. In the 
instructions to the judges, stress was 
laid on the rule that the roses must be 
judged on their merits and no personal 
prejudices allowed to sway their decisions. 
In this way only can judging be put on a 
proper basis. The judges represented 
widely scattered communities: Long 
Island, N. Y., Harrisburg, Pa., San Diego, 
Calif., Victoria, B. C, Tacoma, Belling- 
ham, and Seattle, Wash. 

On Saturday evening the Seattle Rose 
Society entertained the visiting officials 
at a dinner in the Meany Hotel at which 
about 75 were present. On account of the 
annual meeting of the American Rose 
Society being held in Portland this year, 
many visitors from neighboring states 
were present, which made the occasion a 
notable one in local rose history. A 
fine opportunity was presented for rose- 
growers from different parts of the 
country to find out what other rosarians 

are doing. . 

On Sunday a group of visitors trom 
afar were taken up to the north side of 
Mt. Rainier and had an excellent oppor- 
tunity to study the trees, shrubs, and wild 
flowers of this district. It was somewhat 
of a novelty to be able to go from a rose 
show to the snow-line in less than three 
hours, in the middle of June. 

The show closed on Sunday evening 
with the distribution of trophies and 
awards. 



Roses at Tacoma 

By CYRIL V. LUNDVICK, M. D. 



FAR out in that ever-green Pacific 
Northwest is a city filled with rose- 
loving people who have assembled 
and exhibited their roses for twenty-three 
consecutive years. That proud city is 
Tacoma. Although 'the rose show was 
somewhat marred this year by the lack 
of usual abundance of blooms, it was the 
most outstanding show that Tacoma has 
ever had. Our national officers, Vice- 
President-elect Barron and Secretary 
Stevens, were with us to act as judges and 
to take an active part in the show. 

To be sure, their first act was to visit 
that grand eminent rosarian. Dr. S. S. 
Sulliger, newly elected President, who 
was unable to attend the show on account 
of illness. However, our national officers 
found him steadily improving, and expec- 
tant by the time of his incumbency ot 
assuming his presidential duties. 

At seven o'clock exhibitors had started 
bringing in their roses, and by ten o'clock 
about one hundred exhibitors had entered 
approximately 1000 blooms, which had 
been arranged in the ample auditorium ot 
the Scottish Rite Cathedral. The Park 
Board had decorated the stage in a 
masterly fashion. The sides of the room 
were filled with commercial growers 
exhibits and in the center of the room was 
a beautiful garden of native evergreen 
shrubs. Twelve judges, all eminent 
rosarians of the American Rose Society 
including such distinguished guests as 
Messrs. Hieatt of Los Angeles and 
Stocking of San Jose, gave the title of the 
best rose to a Rev. F. Page-Roberts and 
second best to a Mrs. A. R. Barraclough. 
A wonderful theme of rose friendship 
was written in the exhibition of the 
best twelve roses. One of our most 
devoted members, a man who always 
exhibited and took great pride in his 
blooms, had been taken away by the 
great Reaper. Two of his rose friends 
went over to his place on the morning of 
the show and found his garden full of 
lovely roses. They were taken to the rose 
show, where their perfection of bloom 



and spotless foliage won for his widow 
the bronze medal of the American Rose 
Society, the prize awarded for the best 
twelve roses. A rose-lover's life ambition 
had been posthumously realized. 

Most of the trophies were rose bushes 
donated by rose-growers in Washington, 
Oregon, and California. This year we 
had 65 to distribute to the deserving 
winners. What better trophy could one 
desire than a vigorous rose plant? 

After the judging, the tired and travel- 
worn judges and other welcome guests 
assembled at the Tacoma Hotel for an 
informal luncheon. From the open ve- 
randa we gazed down upon the blue 
waters of Puget Sound and the assembled 
rosarians from distant corners of the 
United States became better acquainted 
while enjoying interchange of anecdotes 
and timely rose topics. I might add that 
it was here that Secretary Stevens told 
us the story of how he came through 
"Hell" to see the roses of the Pacific 
Northwest. 

A garden trip had been planned by 
Mrs. Frank Baker, who acted as personal 
chauffeur to Mr. Stevens. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bogen of Del Monte were with us on this 
tour. I believe that after four hours of 
touring everyone was firmly convinced 
that Tacoma has wonderful gardens and 
that Tacoma people grow wonderful 
roses, especially our distinguished ro- 
sarian. Dr. Jim Rawlings. We lost our 
good friends Stevens and Barron repeat- 
edly as they sauntered off to investigate 
various shrubs and trees. Their botanical 
terminology makes Chinese sound very 
simple. And, not to be outdone by our 
English friends, we finished our garden 
trip with a cup o'tea at General Ashton's. 
Seattle next claimed our visitors and 
so, with great reluctance and filled with 
pleasant memories, Tacoma terminated 
her reign of hospitality. And how we did 
enjoy it! Whenever in the Northwest, do 
not forget that Tacoma means Roses in 
the Indian language and we want you to 
see our flowers. 



i 



! 






THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Some Old Roses of Southern California 



By FORREST L. HIEATT 

(Address at the Annual Meeting, Portland, ii)U) 



MR CHAIRMAN and rose-Ioving 
friends, I am happy to bring you 
the greetings of the San Diego 
Rose Society away down in the south- 
westernmost corner of these United 
States where many of the old leas, 
Noisettes, and China roses cover the 
roofs of houses and clamber to the tops 
of our tallest trees. It is of some of these 
that 1 shall try to tell you. 

The first recorded history of the rose in 
Southern California goes back to the year 
1769, when the Spanish padres arrived m 
San Diego to set up the first white civil- 
ization on the Pacific coast of North 
America. Father Crespi, m his notes ot 
his exploration of the countryside about 
San Diego, speaks of roses growing 
luxuriantly along the banks of the river 
which were "very much like the roses ot 

Castile. 

Later in his trip north in search of 
Monterey, discovered many years before 
by Don "Juan Cabrillo, this Padre notes 
many of these roses growing along the 
trails, and on finding a particularly 
luxuriant patch of these roses he ^^ex- 
claimed, '*Ah, la Rosa de Castilleja, or 
the Rose of Castile. I think it is clear 
that the rose encountered was a species, 
Rosa californica, w^hich is still found m 
the places recorded in the notes of Padres 
Pallou, Crespi, and Junipero Serra. I 
think it is also clear that Father Crespi, 
so enraptured at finding this rose m the 
'New Spain,' was attempting to bestow 
upon it the name of his home city, Castile. 
The first roses, however, that were 
brought into this western country were 
European species. Years after the finding 
of this wilding, when the Missions had 
been fully established, the Spaniards 
brought over Rosa gallica and R. damas- 
cena and planted them in the gardens of 
the Missions. Some of these may be 
found today in the vicinity of the Mis- 
sions, which fact has caused both of them 
to be referred to as the Rose of Castile. 
Since neither is a Spanish rose, Gallica 
being French while Damascena is of 



Persian origin, the error of calling them 
Castilian is evident. 

These are the very oldest roses ot 
Southern California,. but I suspect you 
are perhaps more interested m the roses 
brought in to California by its pioneer 
American settlers who came in the last 



century. . , . 

There may be found still flourishing in 
the gardens of the old Ranchos of Southern 
California many old favorites, which 
through the years have grown into sizable 
trees and contribute their share ot rose- 
joy to all who chance their way. In nearly 
all the old gardens, both on the ranches 
and in cities and towns, may be tound 
one or more large spreading buslies ot 
that favorite of 75 years ago, the Duchesse 
de Brabant. Likewise one encounters 
many another old favorite, Gloire de 
Dijon, Safrano, Marie van Houtte, 
Catherine Mermet, Mme. Lambard, 
Mme. Alfred Carriere, James Sprunt, 
Reve d'Or, Lamarque, Chromatelta, 
Agrippina, Harison's Yellow, Baltimore 
Belle, Wm. Allen Richardson, and that 
other very beautiful Noisette, Fortune's 
Double Yellow, variously knovyn as 
Beauty of Glazenwood, Gold of Ophir, 
and San Rafael Rose. This is one of the 
showiest climbers in Southern California, 
running riot over fences, outbuildings, 
and up into trees. It is used profusely in 
the Redlands district where it is at its 
best, and when in its full burst of bloom 
is worth traveling days to see. Also here 
the Banksias, both yellow and white, 
seem almost to have naturalized them- 
selves, for they may be seen on every 
hand covering the roofs of two-story 
houses and going 60 to 75 feet up to the 
tops of trees. . . 

I want to assure you that this is not a 
Southern California booster talk. The 
things I have told you are not the heritage 
of Southern California alone. Most of 
the roses described may be found in other 
parts of my state, particularly around 
San Jose and Monterey where they grow 
just as luxuriantly and almost, if not 



quite, as large as they do in Southern 

California. 

Probably the most outstanding among 
the old bush roses is Laurette Messimy, 
a Bengal put out by Guillot in 1»»/. 
Plants of this variety grow into tine 
specimens with trunks 6 to 10 inches in 
diameter and 7 feet to the lowest branches 
with luxuriant foliage, having a spread ot 
10 to 12 feet. The first of these it was my 
good fortune to see were two very large 
specimens which the late Captain George 
C. Thomas, Jr., had transplanted to his 
garden at Beverly Hills. Believe it or 
not, my heart missed several beats when 
1 beheld these fine old trees covered with 
bloom. Captain Thomas had also pro- 
cured fine specimens of some old Teas, 
many of the varieties which I have men- 
tioned. Among them were Cochets (bush 
form) 8 and 9 feet tall with 100 blooms 
at a time. Captain Thomas spared no 
expense in procuring and establishing 
these old monarchs in his garden. They 
were the outstanding feature of this 
garden, which was one of Americas 
finest, so outstanding, in fact, that one 
approached them with a bit of reverence 
and awe. There are many more such 
specimens scattered about Southern Cali- 
fornia. Garden Clubs and Rose Societies 
would do well to see that they are pre- 
served by their communities as shrines to 
which a rose-loving posterity may come 
to do humble homage to the Queen ot 
Flowers. 

More Members 

The one sour note in the American rose 
situation is lack of sufficient interest on 
the part of the rose-Iovmg public. I 
wonder if a discussion could be taken up 
in the Rose Magazine on How can the 
American People be made Rose- Minded? 
Perhaps some of our well-known rosarians 
would express their views on this subject. 
I feel the American Rose Society is giving 
plenty in return for the annual dues as it 
is, but perhaps other means could be 
found to stimulate increased menibership. 
The depression may have cut in some- 
what but the real reason, as I see it, is 
lack of interest. When some folks join the 
Rose Society only to drop out at the end 



of the first year, thinking they know it 
all, that is what I would call the wealc 
link. Perhaps too much joy-riding and 
unwillingness to work may be the answer. 
Frank C. Anders, Long Island, 



Understocks 

For several years there was much talk 
about the importance of the understock. 
At present we may say that we have the 
following understocks more or less in use 
by the various rose nurseries: Manetti, 
Odorata, Multiflora, Ragged Robin, and 
Rugosa. Now every one exerts an entirely 
different effect on the rose budded on it 
through the somatogenic growth. For 
instance, Manetti produces very strong 
growth on the bench for forcing roses, but 
it is about the very worst for gar-den 
planting. Ragged Robin tends to produce 
early blooming, but I am much atraid is 
somewhat tender for the colder sections 
of the country. Los Angeles does par- 
ticularly well on it. For my own intor- 
mation I tried Los Angeles on all available 
understocks, and the difference is like day 
and night. Manetti, the shortest-lived 
stock, exerts action like an explosion ot 
powder on Los Angeles in very strong 
growth the first season, but m the second 
year, when the plant actually ought to be 
at its best, it goes back badly. How then 
in all the world could a worth-while and 
reliable estimate be made of Los Angeles 
if I had, for instance, only plants budded 
on Manetti stock? Multiflora is a very 
good understock, but I am inclined to 
think that it does not give the right kind 
of satisfaction for H.T.'s, Pernetianas, 
and Gigantea Hybrids. _ . 

I find in going over the criticisms ot 
amateurs and professionals that not a 
single one goes at it in a systematic 
manner. No rules as to perfection ot the 
rose are laid down, no regard to the time 
of planting, pruning, soil-condition, etc. 
At any rate, it is a great mistake to jump 
at the judging of a rose the first year alter 
planting. If there were a reasonable 
system in the "Proof of the Pudding, a 
person would feel encouraged to take 
deeper interest in it. Let us have the 
whole storv, let us know if the party 



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reporting lias plants of a certain variety 
on the various budding stocks, let us hear 
what fertilizer was used, when the bush 
was planted, how pruned, etc.; then we 
would be in position to judge correctly 
about the value of an estimate. 

I read with interest the article on 
*'Rose Understocks" by Roland G. Gam- 
well. He says, "I am wondering whether 
many of you, when you buy a rose-bush, 
care to inquire upon what rootstock it 
was grafted and whether you realize that 
the rootstock controls in great part the 
quality of the plant you get." How far is 
this from what I maintain, especially for 
a more effective "Proof of the Pudding ? 
At the end of his article he goes on to say, 
"It seems to be a plausible statement, 
and because plausible, readily accepted 
without proof, that roses have likes and 
dislikes to the extent that some prefer 
one stock while others grow better and 
give better flowers on a different root." 

What more do you want to elucidate 
my contention that the "Proof of the 
Pudding" is far from giving a correct 
survey on the performance of roses, until 
the contributors to the survey under- 
stand that it is simply out of joint to give 
a reliable statement in any rose district of 
America, if the decision is one-sidedly 
made on plants budded on only one of 
the known rose-stocks, instead of plant- 
ing alongside of each other the same 
variety in sufficient plants budded on the 
four most used understocks. 

It may probably be considered im- 
practical to speak to the amateur rose- 
grower about somatogenic and blasto- 
genic growth of any plant. In explana- 
tion, let us say that by somatogenic 
growth we mean the body growth from 
the root up to the top of the plant. Now 
then, let us speak of the somatoplasm at 
the same time with relation to parallel 
induction surely taking place in the 
nutrition of the organism and through 
environmental influences. It ought to 
become plain even to the layman not 
versed in scientific technicalities, that 
the growth of the plant starts with the 
root — indeed, far more than with the 
portion of the plant out of the ground. 
If we want some progress in biological 
knowledge concerning better roses, we 



should not be blind to such things. On a 
similar basis we must consider the 
blastogenic growth, that is, arriving from 
the seed with regard to raising worth- 
while new varieties for this country. Hit- 
or-miss experiments will not bring us 

much farther. 

Father Schoener, Calijornia. 



«« 



Proof of the Pudding" 



We had occasion to run through our 
copies of the American Rose Annual 
recently, and noted the official remarks 
about our roses in the "Proof of the 
Pudding." 

Polly. In the 1931 Annual on page 199 you 
had seen the rose without having it yourselt, and 
state that you "lost no sleep over it. In the 
1932 Rose Annual you speak very highly ot it. 
In 1933 it is not mentioned. In 1934 you are not 
so keen. 

Actually, this is a really good rose and 
much to be preferred to Ophelia. 

Ladylove. In the 1932 Rose Annual your 
comment is, "It is a re-boiling of PoqT Ophelia s 
much picked-over bones." In the 1933 Annual 
there is no mention of it. In 1934 you state you 
"have it mixed with some Ophelia sports and 
anyone who thinks he can identify it is welcome 
to pick it out." 

Actually, this rose is not a sport of 
Ophelia at all, but a distinct seedling; the 
colour is utterly different from Ophelia 
and it is quite distinct in growth, freedom, 
etc. You either have seen the wrong 
variety, or else something is seriously 
wrong with vour culture. 

Although \he "Proof of the Pudding" 
is very interesting, we very much doubt 
the wisdom of criticisms from amateurs 
who may be growing only a few plants, 
sometimes on unsuitable stocks or under 
unsuitable conditions. Members of your 
Society must be influenced by these 
reports, and must, inevitably, miss good 
roses as a consequence. We think you 
would be better advised to publish 
reports only from members who grow 
roses in fair quantities, and then not to 
publish any report until they have had a 
rose at least two years. 

On page 177 of the 1934 Rose Annual 
you mention Apeles Mestres. This rose 
cannot be made to bloom to order, but 
when it does bloom, the results are so 
wonderful that it cannot be discarded. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



The probable secret is to keep the plant 
well thinned out, and the wood perfectly 
ripe and to tie down the canes. We have 
seen larger and better flowers on this 
variety than on President Charles Ham 
(Amelia Earhart). 
G. Beckwith & Son, Hoddesdon, England. 

Sulphur Damage 

Early in the season this year, we went 
home one evening to find many of our 
rose bushes looking as if a fire had been 
built under them. We called a friend who 
has grown roses for many years and told 
her about our trouble. She thought we 
undoubtedly had red spider and suggested 
that we wash our roses with the hose 
three mornings in succession, which we 
did, then sprayed again with the sulphur 
spray which we had been using from the 
beginning of the season. Our roses 
showed some signs of recovering after the 
washing, but soon began burning again. 
About that time we received the letter 
sent by Professor Massey to all partici- 
pants in the rose-disease control cam- 
paign. In that letter he stated that 
several reports of injury from fungicides 
had been received. Doubtless not many 
growers would be so stupid as we were, 
but it was not until we received that 
letter that it dawned upon us that we 
were burning our roses with spray- 
material. We sent a specimen of foliage 
to Professor Massey and he replied that 
it was clearly a case of injury from spray- 
material used. 

During the last half of the season last 
year we had used the sulphur spray with- 
out injury to foliage and with splendid 
results as to black-spot,* but of course, we 
did not have the extremely hot and dry 
weather we have had this season. Pro- 
fessor Massey, in writing us about the 
specimen of rose foliage which we sent 
him, says "We have had a lot of injury 
reported from using this spray and I 
suspect that it would be more liable to 
burn the foliage than almost any material 
you might use." 

We believe the sulphur spray is very 
effective in controlling black-spot, and 
we think it would always be safe to use 
in cool weather or even in hot weather if 



rains are frequent. But it certainly is not 
safe to use during extremely hot and dry 
weather such as we are having this year. 
It has almost completely spoiled this rose 
season for us and caused us the loss ot 
some of our new rose bushes. 

Mrs. L. C. Hankins, Missouri. 

Who Will? 

I should like to have somebody write 
about fertilizing and feeding roses. I, of 
course, have read a great deal on this 
subject, both in the Annuals and in 
various books on roses, but what I should 
like and what is rather difficult to describe 
is an article written from an intensely 
practical standpoint. Everybody says to 
use cow-manure. Well, suppose you can t 
get it— what then? Others say to use a 
complete plant-food. What is a complete 
plant-food for roses, and what does it 
contain, and where can it be purchased, 
and how should it be used? The writer 
of the article I have in mind ought to 
imagine he is talking to a novice who can- 
not get cow-manure, whose time and 
energy are limited, and who wants to 
know exactly what he should do and 
when he should do it, from the beginning 
of the season until frost. 

Russell Ramsey, Delaware. 

From California 

I read a recent article in a garden 
magazine and was surprised to see that 
the author, a prominent rosarian, advised 
planting potted roses just as they come. 
My experience is that most potted roses 
are pot-bound, with main roots turned 
inward, and I always cut off one-third or 
more of the roots. My first rose planting 
contained six potted roses planted just as 
they came, and all died, so I had a post- 
mortem and found curled, inward-turning 
roots. Of course, I realize that some 
potted roses at just the right age before 
roots grow inward could be planted as 
advised but they are few and far between, 
and the beginner had better leave all 
potted stuff alone 

Has Charlotte Cowdrey Brown tried 
the Polyantha, Miss Edith Cavell? It is 
a beauty, sturdy, with great trusses of 
rich red flowers, and very free blooming. 



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Then there is Kirsten Poulsen, not a true 
Polyantha, but Mrs. Bro^yn has men- 
tioned Else Poulsen, and Kirsten is even 
better, of same habit. Chatillon, too, is 
very pretty. Miss Edith Cavell is my 

favorite ^ , , ^ , - 

At a local flower show 1 thought oi Mr. 
Middlcton when I saw a first prize given 
to a bunch of foliage and one lone, small, 
flat, secondarv bloom! 1 don't think we 
should lower our ideals in judging roses— 
in fact, we ought to add that "no roses 
with mildew or aphis m evidence be 
admitted to any rose show, formal or 

informal." 

This section of the country does not 
grow or show roses; most rose-gardens are 
out in the orchard and usually in rough 
plowed ground! Any new rose, no matter 
how poor (and first blooms are generally 
not good or typical of the variety) and 
plus mildew, etc., are shown. The poor 
E. G. Hill that won first prize for good 
foliage is typical of local small-town 

shows. 

As to old roses not being wanted at rose 
shows, my idea is: once a fine rose, always 
a fine rose. English exhibitions show the 
same variety year after year. Why? 
Because they have proved themselves. 
Mr. Middleton's article is a great help to 
mc at my displays. Mr. Hillock, though, 
should be suppressed, tempting us to 
want Black Knight and Nellie E. Hillock! 
Alezane, an improved Talisman, J. A. 
Mason, and Agnes Fosher Wright con- 
tinue the tempting! What shall I discard 
to find room for them? 

Maud E. Scrutton, California. 



Suggestions 

Many of us who are terrible amateurs, 
nevertheless rose-lovers, and have diffi- 
culty in choosing new roses fVom year to 
year are helped by "Proof of the Pudding" 
"comments from more expert growers. 
Personally, on account of climatic condi- 
tions, I am much more interested in the 
comments of experts in New England and 
northern New York and the areas with 
similar climatic conditions than in those 
from experts in Georgia, Texas, Southern 
California, etc., where growing conditions 



are so much different. Probably the 
reverse is equally true. i t ^l 

Of course, one is not bound by these 
recommendations, and I have olten 
selected roses condemned by New En- 
gland experts but recommended by more 
southerly located growers. In the mam, 
however, the local experts carry more 

weight. ,. . I 

Incidentally, I feel rather disappointed 

with each edition of the Annual and at 

the risk of becoming very unpopular 

would say: . . , t^ r- a 

1. Less of the Municipal Rose-Garden 

—a little goes a long way. 

2. Not very much on the Rose bhow 

(same reason). 

3 Too much foreign rose information. 
4*. Too much California (being a New 

Englander). 

5. More practical comments on rose- 
growing, such as spring prun]"?* ^ose- 
disease investigations, leaf-shedding and 
wilt, which were in the 1933 Annual. 
Especially good was "Black-Spot Con- 
trol Substantiated," which is just what 
the amateur needs to know. 

Let me express to the officers ot the 
American Rose Society my unbounded 
admiration of the work so unselhshly 
carried on for the benefit of the entire 
country.— Henry H. Fay, Massachusetts. 

Alkaline Soil 

There may be rose-lovers as foolish as 
I who are growing roses in a highly 
alkaline soil (PH 8 to 9). If so, they are 
earning every rose they cut and are 
having trouble a-plenty. They might be 
interested in the method 1 use to grow 
roses successfully. 

This high alkalinity causes the natural 
manganese in the soil to become unavail- 
able, the plants become chlorotic, i.e. 
growth is stunted, leaves turn yellow, 
final stage within two years is defoliation 
and death. The addition of manganese 
is of no benefit at my PH values unless 
the PH is lowered iDy acidifying; then 
apply manganese. It took a year ot 
experimenting to discover this, through 

accident. 

I have been unable to learn of any work 
on chlorosis at high alkalinities. Con- 



siderable has been done with the Florida 
marl soils and good success attained by 
the addition of manganese only. This 
soil must have a lower PH value than 
mine or must lack natural manganese. It 
you know of any work on chlorosis, I 
would appreciate your advising me, that 
I may find out about it. i u a 

I have always grown flowers but had 
to await coming to this difficult spot 
(Lubbock, Texas) before being bitten by 
the rose bug. Others have their troubles, 
but I doubt whether any section has 
more than this for roses. Altitude is 
3000 feet, temperature-range from 15 
below to 110° above zero, false springs 
with buds breaking in January or Febru- 
ary and freezes until the middle of April, 
sandstorms in April and May that 
obscure a building fifty feet distant and 
cut every leaf off a plant unless protected, 
and a winter of alternate thawing and 
freezing. On top of this is chlorosis! 

In spite of it all, I have 200 pretty good 
bushes and am not ashamed of my 
blooms. It has been most interesting to 
work out methods of overcoming our 
difficulties. I nearlv forgot the nematodes 
—had them in 1931, the first year I had 
roses. They are worse than all else com- 
bined, but they gave up in disgust and 
left after having a diet of formaldehyde, 
mercury, and paradichlorobenzene. 

I happen to be on the Park Board, and 
two years ago I persuaded the Board to 
put in a rose-garden. First year, 800 
plants with 400 surviving; second year, 
1000 new plants with a total of 500 old 
and new surviving — sandstorms. 

Roses are a great educator here. They 
have added to my knowledge of chemis- 
try, botany, zoology, bacteriology, and 
may I add, Job-ology. 

K. N. Clapp, Texas. 

Error 

In the American Rose Annual of 1934 
an error has slipped into my communica- 
tion from Soviet Russia (page 163). It is 
reported that Ulrich Brunner grown m 
greenhouse benches makes very long 
shoots — often more than 7 meters. It 
should read 1.5 meters instead. Of course, 
it is clear to everybody that Ulrich 
Brunner can never make such long shoots 



because of its very nature. But it is very 
remarkable and quite true that plants ot 
Ulrich Brunner grown in the benches ot 
greenhouses with glass frames removed 
during the summer at Leningrad reach 
such length that their shoots must be tied 
to stakes, while plants of the same variety 
grown in the open ground right beside 
the greenhouses bloom normally, and 
their shoots do not need to be tied to 

stakes 

I believe this is explained by the fact 
that the earth in greenhouse benches is 
warmer than the open ground and the 
surplus warmth stimulates abnormal 
growth, causing soft, unnpened wood 
which cannot produce flowers. It is pos- 
sible that this condition can occur only 
in the northern and rather humid climate 
of Leningrad, and that in the drier 
warmer climate of the South this would 
not happen.— N. Kitchounov, Leningrad. 

Review of American Rose Society 
Magazine, Jan.-Feb., 1934 

New Cover 

Congratulations to the Editors. ['Petit 
poisson deviendra grand si Dieu luiprete 
vie' (Little fish will become a big tish it 
God lets him live). 

Roses in Milwaukee (H. W. Protzmann). 
Here is a man close to my heart— he 
loves and appreciates the grand old 
Hybrid Perpetuals. I still contend that 
no rose ever was more beautiful than a 
well-grown H.P. Some H.T.'s may be 
more jazzy, better manicured, but they 
are all sissy compared to a majestical, 
eyes- and nose-filling H.P., old or new. 
Let him add to his collection Henry 
Nevard (fairly consistent bloomer), Amer- 
ican Beauty (as remontant as any 
H.T. if of the right strain), Commandeur 
Jules Gravereaux, Duchess of Sutherland 
(with a bud of Ophelia's graceful shape), 
King George V (of a perfume never to be 
forgotten), Mme. Albert Barbier (the 
"yellow" H.P.), Mons. Louis Ricard (the 
darkest of 'em all), and last, but not the 
least, the graceful, variegated, sweet- 
scented Vick's Caprice. Bengals should 
be safely hardy for him and he should not 
overlook Hofgartner Kalb. 



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When he wants to add to his climbers 
I recommend Blaze, Golden Climber 
among the new ones, Mary Wallace, 
Mme. Grcgoire Staechelin, Francois 
Juranville, Gerbe Rose (remontant), 
Mary Lovett (the best white). I wish 
I could say Mermaid, but dare not! 

A Colorado Rose-Garden (Dr. Newton C 

Gunter). 

After reading the account of Colorado 
rose weather, I am satisfied to remain in 
my "North Pole" where at least we can 
count on fairly regular seasons, and where 
winter is winter, summer is summer, and 
the two never mix! 

Two-year bench plants, dug early and 
'Vested one month," are not so bad, and 
the second year they are normal and as 
good as new. But such plants are seldom 
obtainable because most florists wait 
until after the Easter cut to pull their 
plants, and these are sold fresh from the 
bench with their foliage on. For every 
one bench plant properly handled, pruned, 
and restedy there are thousands that have 
not been "cured" and will either die or 
limp for the first year anyway, and prob- 
ably succumb the following winter. 

Dr. Gunter must have been called on 
by one of those racketeers selling "super- 
plants" at $3. Firms "that know just 
how to grow and handle roses" do not 
charge such fly-by-night prices! 

Father Schoener's Roses (Maud Cheg- 

widden). 

I am afraid friend Chegwidden's en- 
thusiasm for Dakota is wasted on the 
understock Multiflora japonica. Dakota 
is a big, full rose of the type of Conrad 
F. Meyer, with a large, coarse foliage, 
everything but lacy! However, she is not 
mistaken about Penelope. 

What Is Wrong? (Dr. Joseph E. Marek). 
Is there anything wrong? The Annuals 
cannot take up each year the funda- 
mentals of rose-growing and be exclu- 
sively for beginners, although a liberal 
part is always to the level and within 
comprehension of the rankest beginner. 
"What Every Rose-Grower Should Know" 
steps up the new member to a point where 
he can then follow the procession. 



Open Roses Versus Buds (Chas. E. F. 

GersdorfF). 

I suppose Mr. GersdorfF knows by now 
that buds and blooms are two different 
things. The fault lies with the schedule 
and the judges. Buds and blooms cannot 
compete in the same class; it must be one 
or the other; and the schedule is final. 
I, for one, prefer a bloom to a bud. 

Sandy Soil (George P. Lord). 

Where Mr. Lord made a mistake was 
in building his soil by layers instead of a 
uniform mixture. The quality of a cock- 
tail lies muchly in the uniformity of the 
mixture; so with a rose-bed. 

It is not "Qua-Sul" or any other brand 
that did the business and made his roses 
more prosperous than the neighbor's, 
but the gumption and work of applying 
it. That's what counts! 

/ Dont Know, Mister (R. S. Hennessey). 
Cutting the wild tap in midsummer 
will not "ruin" a root-system, simply 
render it inactive. Apparently, the 
plant enjoyed the long-enforced rest (in 
a section where rest is not very prolonged) 
and shot up the following year with the 
accumulated strength; this is natural. 

J. H. Nicolas, New York. 

Rose Rainbows 

This is my first kick. I object to the 
exclusion of greens and blues from the 
various roses. Here in this flat country, 
once in years it is given to one to see a 
perfect sunset rainbow. Twice only in 
thirty years have I seen this perfect sun- 
set rainbow. I have heard of the perfect 
sunrise rainbow. Now the Creator's best 
colors in the rainbow are just the blues 
and greens. I suggest an attempt at rose 
rainbows. It would require a hillside. 
The color bands need not follow the ter- 
racing. A miniature rose rainbow could 
be made of the roses themselves. Cer- 
tainly one of all kinds of flowers could be 
made, but I prefer one all roses. 

And, too, how about a rose-garden 
planned after, say the Rheims Cathedral? 

My second kick: 

I object to the slogan of the Society. 



It sounds too, too nursery-like, and it 
harks back to "two cars in every garage 
and a chicken in every pot." That "rose- 
conscious" reminds me that every trade 

is trying to make us " conscious." 

Where the blank stands for any trade 
article — refrigerator-conscious, radio-con- 
scious, et ceteray ad nauseam. 

Samuel E. Asbury, Texas. 



Bloom Record 

Hess Knight, of Dayton, Ohio, sends 
us a mimeographed tabulation of the 
bloom record of his roses in the season of 
1933. We are sorry that there is not space 
to reproduce it in full. The summary is 
interesting and may give some indication 
of the best bloomers in his garden. This 
should be helpful to members in near-by 
locations. 

SUMMARY 

135 plants produced 4051 blooms — average 
30 per plant, and by culling out 30 (discards) 
makes average bloom 32.7 per plant. 

In one bed, 27 plants produced 951 blooms — 
average 35.6 per plant. 

Many of the plants discarded were potted 
plants, while most of the balance were "bargain" 
purchases. 

The best producers were as follows: 

Blooms 

Gruss an Teplitz 237 

Margaret McGredy 125 

Gruss an Teplitz HI 

Mrs. E. P. Thorn 102 

Duchess of Wellington 77 

Mrs. Aaron Ward 76 

Radiance 75 

Radiance 73 

Lady Ursula 63 

Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont 61 

Red Columbia 59 

Betty Uprichard 59 

Red Radiance 55 

Margaret McGredy 55 

Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont 54 

Editor McFarland 54 

Padre 53 

Radiance 51 

Roselandia 50 

Shot Silk 48 



Honey from Roses 

Apiarians say roses have no nectar, 
that bees suck pollen only on roses, but 
the other day I saw a bee v^orking down 
between the petals of a Kaiserin Auguste 
Viktor ia rose, just as the bee-men say a 



bee will do on a cotton blossom, seeking 
nectar. As Fve seen no discussion of 
honey from roses in the Annuals or the 
Magazine, Td like to read an article by 
someone competent to discuss honey from 
roses. Bee-men can separate honey in the 
hive from different flowers. Well, then, 
a field of Kaiserins might give a character- 
istic quality to honey. If a Rockefeller 
would, fields of an acre each of Kaiserin, 
etc., could be screened in and bees com- 
pelled to make honey from the screened- 
in plot of roses. How many fragrant roses 
would carry their fragrance into the honey 
made from their nectar? 

Carrying the fancy of rose-honeys on 
to its logical fantastic conclusion: What 
about "quaffing the mead" from honey 
of the Kaiserin Auguste Viktoria or the 
Frau Karl Druschki? (I have a Frau 
Karl Druschki rose now open in my yard 
which has as delicious a fragrance as the 
Kaiserin. It is the fragrance of apple- 
blossoms.) — Samuel E. Asbury, Texas. 

Of Last Month's Latin 

Here's a translation so free that it 
won't cost you anything, and is worth 
what it costs. 

If the subject intended was either the 
whorls or the essential characters, these 
vary among species so much that the 
analogy seems far-fetched. But how 
about the t phyllotaxy? 

THE FIVE BROTHERS 

There was a young leaf on a rose, 
Five leaflets, and not tomentose. 

Two claimed the stipules, 

Two had mere valvules, 
And I'm on the tip where the goatee goes. 

Albert Chandler, Missouri. 

Rose Names 

Headaches never cease; can you help 
me with the following? I find : 
American Rose Annual, 1933, p. 179. 
Prinses van Oranje. Mult. (Sliedrecht 
& Co., 1933.) Climbing sport of Gloria 
Mundi. 6 ft. R. H. S. Award of Merit, 
1932. 
American Rose Annual, 1934, p. 225. 
Climbing Prince of Orange. R. (G. de 
Ruiter, 1933.) Type, Gloria Mundi. 



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American Rose Annual, 1934, P- 226. 

Prinzessin von Oranjen. R. (O. de 

Ruiter, 1933.) Climbing sport ot 

Gloria Mundi. 
E. Turbat & Cie.'s list, 1933-34, p. 28. 

Princesse d'Orange. Poly. Grimpant. 

Remontant. (Ruyter, 1933.) Temte 

celle du Gloria Mundi. 
S. McGredv & Son's list, 1933-34 p. 45. 

Princess oj Orange. Rambler. Colour, 

Gloria Mundi. 
Benjamin R. Cant & Sons,' Ltd., list, 

1933-34, p. 45. Princess oJ Orange. 

(Sliedricht & Co., 1933.) Climbmg 

form of Gloria Mundi. R. H. S. Award 

of Merit, 1932. 
Alex. Dickson & Sons,' Ltd., list, 1933- 

34 p. 6. Climbing Prince of Orange. 

CL Poly. (G. de Ruiter, 1933.) Climber 

similar to Gloria Mundi. 

Now Who's Who? or What's What?? 
How many roses are there?? What are 
they called and who raised them or it? 
If more than one, what are their distinc- 
tive characters? 

Spencer Le May, Chile. 

[Many of these errors in the American Rose 
Annual occur because it has been impossible to 
get any information from some European origi- 
nators, and we are forced to depend on cata- 
logues for our descriptions of new roses— with 
the results shown above. — Editor.] 

Cold and Understocks 

Sorry I could not attend the great meet 
at Portland, but the fiftieth anniversary 
of my college class occurred on the same 
date. Such an event can take place only 
twice in a century. If one missed the 
first, it would usually be just too bad 
about his attending the second. 

Rose shows should take place oftener. 
Mr. Gamwell on "Rose Understocks" 
reminds me that most of my 200 or more 
roses are on Ragged Robin. Well, as for 
long life, I have found no difference m 
Gloire des Rosomanes, Multiflora, and 
Manetti. Most of my plants, 10 and 12 
years old on Ragged Robin, stood winters 
that showed temperatures of 21° to 34°. 
Not a rootstock killed, and no protection. 
We surely believe here that Ragged 
Robin is the best stock for this region. 



Our July blooming, now over, was a 
much better exhibit than the May-June. 
Never before was there so much color in 
the garden, a very marked contrast with 
the rose exhibit at the Chicago Fair with 
the same varieties. Whether Ragged 
Robin understock, climate, irrigation, or 
volcanic ash, the fact remains that when 
any of the fans go from this valley east 
they come home well satisfied with this 
valley as a good place to grow roses. 
Must say that Vanguard pleases me 
better than any other Rugosa Hybrid to 
date. The great, full, 100-petaled blooms 
and the unusual, glossy foliage are a 
delight. Now new canes over 10 feet 
make a splendid pillar. 

Have learned two things by actual 
experience: 

First, when roses live green all winter 
and go unpruned, you have many more 
rose blooms and you have them oftener, 
but they are poorer quality. 

Second, you have a lot more grief with 
rose enemies, mildew especially, also 
aphis, when you allow bushes to go 
unpruned. Next year, even if winter does 
not cut them down, my knife will take 
most of them to the 6-inch mark for the 
sake of better roses and a cleaner garden. 

W. J. Boone, Idaho. 



Books Reviewed 

The Australian Rose Annual for 
1934. Issued by the National Rose 
Societies of Victoria, New South Wales, 
Western Australia, South Australia, 
and Queensland. Edited by T. A. 
Stewart at Melbourne. 

A compact volume of 162 pages illus- 
trated with many photographs of roses, 
places, and people. Begins with an 
account of the early days of rose-growmg 
and past rose shows, by B. V. Rossi, 
author of ''Modern Roses in Australasia.' 
Harry H. Hazlewood, well known to 
readers of the American Rose Annual, 
contributes a most interesting review ol 
'The New Roses of 1934," which we hope 
to print in this or some future issue of the 
Rose Magazine. Various rose diseases are 
discussed which seem to be more or less 
the same as those which we have to con- 



tend with. Dr. McFarland, editor of the 
American Rose Annual, contributes a 
note on American roses. Alister Clark, 
originator of many of the fine varieties in 
Australia, tells of roses in New Zealand. 

There are numerous items on interest- 
ing subjects, such as "Adventures in 
Hybridizing," "Hot- Weather Roses," 
"Polyantha Roses," 'The Use of Lime," 
"The Rose in Poetry," 'The Auckland 
Civic Rose Garden," and other matters 
relating to New Zealand. 

The editor continues his lists of descrip- 
tions of roses originated in Australia, and 
he closes with a volume of interesting 
correspondence from all over the world. 

We note with regret the obituary of 
Mr. G. W. Walls, a former member of 
the American Rose Society and a frequent 
contributor to its pages several years ago. 

We notice that among the exhibition 
roses recommended, Dame Edith Helen 
holds the first place in four or five lists. 
In garden roses the choice is much more 
varied, but Etoile de Hollande, Talisman, 
Mrs. Sam McGredy rank high in most of 
the lists. Among the climbers. Miss 
Marion Manifold is in three of the lists, 
but climbing sports of the Hybrid Teas 
seem to occupy the dominant position. 

This is an absorbingly interesting 
volume and contains a great deal of very 
useful information. This volume is in the 
Society's Circulating Library. 

Deutsche Rosenschau. Fuhrer. 1934. 
Published by der Verein Deutscher 
Rosenfreunde, Berlin. 

A beautifully printed pamphlet in 
German which evidently served as pro- 
gram for the German Rose Show and the 
700th Anniversary and Homecoming 
Festival of the city of Uetersen in 
Schleswig-Holstein this year. 

It contains a brief history of 500 years 
of rose culture in north Germany; lists of 
the exhibitors; a brief historical account 
of the city of Uetersen; and a complete 
list of roses planted in the exhibition 
grounds, numbering close to a thousand 
varieties, giving the name, class, origi- 
nator, date, and the exhibitor. Very useful 
as establishing the existence of certain 



old roses this year. This brochure is in 
the Society's Circulating Library. 

DiPLOCARPON ROS^; FROM SPORE GER- 
MINATION TO HAUSTORIUM FORMATION. 

By Alice Aronescu. Reprinted from 
Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 
61: 291-329, pis. 16-20. June 1, 1934. 
A paper presented in substance before 
the Joint Session of the American 
Phytopathological Society and the 
Mycological Society of America. Bos- 
ton, Dec. 29, 1933. 

Miss Aronescu has made exact micro- 
scopic observation of the growth of black- 
spot from the germination of the spore to 
its development within the rose-leaf. The 
text is as clear as most scientific articles 
of this kind, but it is too technical for the 
layman not versed in the language of 
botanical research. 

However, her study has led to the 
following verification of the control 
measures worked out by Dr. Massey and 
others, as published in the Annual: 

"Our inoculation experiments have 
shown that rainy periods with not very 
high temperature are most favorable for 
infection. We have shown also that in 
about nine hours of favorable conditions 
the spore germinates, and that in about 
thirteen hours after inoculating the fungus 
has penetrated the cuticle and formed the 
infection hypha. From this time on, it 
seems able to protect itself against any 
unfavorable climatic condition because of 
an impervious transverse wall which is 
laid down by the penetrating hypha, just 
beyond the penetration peg, in the sub- 
cuticular layers. By applying fungicides 
at short intervals of time before precipita- 
tion and during rainy periods, the spores 
can be kept from germinating or from 
developing infection. We can now better 
understand why Dodge (1929, 1932) and 
Parsons and Massey (1933), who have 
been carrying on experiments on black- 
spot control for several years, agree that 
the fine sulphur dusts with arsenate of 
lead added are very satisfactory, espe- 
cially if green sulphur dust which does 
not discolor the foliage is used." 

This pamphlet is in the Society's 
Circulating Library. 



I 



■i 



% 



i 



16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



The Story of Gardening. By Rich- 
ardson Wright. Dodd, Mead & Co., 
New York. $3. 

While this is not a "rose book," any 
volume by the President of the American 
Rose Society is of interest to the member- 
ship. Luckily, this weighty tome does 
much to justify that interest. In it roses 
whirl to the top like froth on its potent 
yeasty brew, for it is a long, hard book 
to read. Making the effort, we learn how 
gardens came to be, what they are, and 
where the plants we cherish came from, 
but I hope, for I have not yet got to the 
end of it, that we shall not learn whither 
we are tending. There is a hard nut for 
the rosarians in this book. We are told 
that the Conquistadors found roses grow- 
ing in Montezuma s gardens in Mexico. 
Surely that flower-loving monarch wou d 
not have contented himself with the wild 
roses of Mexico as we know them, it the 
flowers the Spaniards saw and called roses, 



were really roses, they must have been im- 
proved or double forms. What were 
they? Where are they? There are lots 
of similar puzzles in this very learned 
book which open innumerable paths ot 
speculation. The amount of research 
it represents is appalling; the sheer labor 
of writing it must have been staggering. 
One cannot treat it less seriously than it 
was intended to be. It should be read 
slowly, thoughtfully, then placed on the 
shelf where it can be consulted at need. 

Additions to the Library 

67. Diplocarpon Rosse; from spore 
germination to haustorium formation.— 

Alice Aronescu, 1934. /tt u \ 

68. Deutsche Rosenschau (ruhrer;, 

1934. 
47I5. The Australian Rose Annual 

for 1934. 

46-26. The Rose Annual of the 
National Rose Society of England. 



Requests 

One of our younger members has asked 
the Secretary to put him in touch with 
other members of approximately the same 
age. Possibly it might be a good idea tor 
the juniors to get acquainted with each 
other. Will some of you young fellows 
around 20 or 21 send your names to the 
Secretary? We cannot tell from your 
writing whether you are 20 or 70. 

• 

Does anybody know anything about 
flood lighting of rose-gardens, particularly 
municipal rose-gardens? There should not 
be any special difl*erence between light- 
ing a rose-garden and any other kind ot 
garden. Perhaps someone who has had 
experience will tell us about it. 



9 



Does anybody know whether the 
little green rose of Texas" reported in 
Texas gardens for more than fifty years 
is any difl"erent from the well-known 
Viridiflora? Samuel E. Asbury, of College 
Station, Texas, is interested in getting a 
look at it. He believes there are both 
climbing and dwarf forms of this little 



green rose" which are said to bloom very 
early— with the violets— and bear flowers 
about the size of the thumb-nail. 



"I have been using sludge from the 
College sanitary plant for mulching my 
rose bushes. But IVe read all the books 
and looked through the Annuals and 
found no reference to sludge as a mulch 
or manure." 

Has anybody else tried it? 



Where a particularly fine cluster of 
roses is coming on, it is exasperating to 
find part or all ruined by insects. 

How about wire screens as temporary 
covers? 

Roses about the house are so much 
finer, bush and flower, than those in the 
yard subjected to the sun all day. 

Would it not pay to have a solid 
movable billboard, light-tight, set be- 
tween rows of roses particularly desired 
to make perfect blooms? It would keep 
off the morning sun from one side and the 
evening sun from the other. 



%■ 






\ 




1 

! 





«^ ft «^ii 



. 1934 




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\ 




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JSdUedhy 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G.A.Steven8 



^>>v 



n 



1 
I 




JfV 



rJ-'^""ey 



THE HOLIDAY WISHES of the Editors t^#a^?ncm^ ■ ^/:7ff( 
ber of the American Row Society arcilf^hchc^^irr 1 j; 
the feeling that never in the Society's ^^^^^^^^/^tr 
outlo9k been so encouragingly constructive as it is P^^^-^WDfr^^ ^ 

Ejipression? We are steadily gaining in mcn*ership. and * * 
the new mcmbcrs^rc real rose-folks, determined to help 
make ]the rose really univwsal ih America. 

Doini^? With a "proof-of -pudding*' report in the making 
that fairty tingles with Vdt, this strcngthenixuK^nembership is 
right on the job of helping each other with up-to-the-hour 
rose^facts. Mo member need buy blindly in 1935. The plant- 
qua^y angle is very much uppermost; we'll be able to buy 
live plants, properly handled noct spring. 

The National Rose-Garden idea is very much alive and 
working. Somethii^ may ccMne of it— something new in the 
rose-world. 

But deUils are not necessary. We are going forward. 
Each member can help by prompt renewal as herein requested, 
and help even more by sending in a new member— a man or 
woman who really wants to get on with roses. 

The Editors cheerfully wish you all 

aillerrp €%vAVmA % llapDp ^eto tear 




; 




.^^\ 



>\ 



>ii 




The American Rose 

15 < a copy • $l.SO a year 




16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Tin. Stohv of Gardening. By Rich- 
ardson Wright. Dodd, Mead & Co., 

New \'oit^. S3. 

While thi^ is not ii "rose l)ook," an\ 
volume by the President of the American 
Rose SocietN is ol" interest to the member- 
shi|). Luckilv, this weighty tome docs 
much to justilV that interest. In it rose^^ 
whirl to the top like froth on its potent 
yeasty brew, lor it is a long, hard book 
to read. Making the effort, we learn how 
gardens came to be, what they are, and 
where the plants we cherish came from, 
but 1 hoj)e, for I have not yet got to the 
end of it, that we shall not learn whither 
we are tending. There is a hard nut for 
the rosarlans in this book. We are told 
that the Concjulstadors found roses grow- 
ing in Montezuma's gardens in Mexico. 
Surely that flower-loving monarch would 
not have contented himself with the wild 
roses of Mexico as we know them. If the 
llowers the Spaniards saw and called roses, 



Requests 

One of our ycninger members has asked 
the Secretary to put him in touch with 
other members of api^roximately the same 
age. Possibly it might be a good idea for 
the juniors to get acquainted with each 
other. Will some of nou young fellows 
around 20 or 21 send your names to the 
Secretary? We cannot tell from your 
writing whether vou are 20 or 70. 



Does anybody know anything about 
Hood lighting of rose-gardens, particularly 
municipal rose-gardens? There should not 
be any special difference between light- 
ing a rose-garden and any other kind ol 
garden. Perhaj)s someone who has had 
ex'i^crience will tell us about it. 



Does anybody know whether "the 
little green rose of Texas" reported in 
Texas gardens for more than fifty years 
is any different from the well-known 
Viridiilora? Samuel E. Asbury, of College 
Station, Texas, is interested in getting a 
look at it. I le l)elieves there arc both 
climbing and dwarf forms of this "little 



were really roses, they must have been im- 
proved or double forms. What were 
they? Where are they? There are lots 
of similar puzzles in this very learned 
book which open innumerable paths of 
speculation. The amount of research 
it represents is apixalling; the sheer labor 
of writing it must have been staggering. 
One cannot treat it less seriously than it 
was intended to be. It should be read 
slowly, thoughtfully, then placed on the 
shelf where it can be consulted at need. 

Additions to the Library 

67. Diplocarpon Rosse; from spore 
iicrmination to haustorlum formation.— 
Alice Aronescu, 1934. 

68. Deutsche Rosenschau (Fuhrer), 
1934. 

47-5. The Australian Rose Annual 

for 1934. 

46-26. The Rose Annual of the 
National Rose Society of England. 



green rose" w hich are said to bloom very 
early — with the violets — and bear flowers 
about the size of the thumb-nail. 



"I have been using sludge from the 
College sanitary plant for mulching my 
rose bushes. But I've read all the books 
and looked through the Annuals and 
found no reference to sludge as a mulch 
or manure." 

Has anvbodv else tried it? 



W^here a particularly fine cluster of 
roses is coming on, it is exasperating to 
find part or all ruined by insects. 

How ab(Hit wire screens as temporary 

covers? 

9 

m 

Roses about the house are so much 
finer, bush and flower, than those in the 
yard subjected to the sun all day. 

W^ouid it not pay to have a solid 
movable billboard, light-tight, set be- 
tween rows of roses particularly desired 
to make perfect blooms? It would keep 
off the morning sun from one side and the 
evening sun from the other. 




vv 



v>\\ 



1^ 



'//\ 



% 



a 



NovBnibcar-Dcceitiber, 1934 

(I 




EdUedby 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G.A.Stevens 




THE HOLIDAY WISHES of the Editors to each mem- 
ber of the American Rose Society are&tr^ijgthened by 
the feeling that never in the Society's history has the 

outlook been so encouragingly constructive as it is ,fust now. 

'~ '^ »-, 

Depression? We are steadily gaining in membership, and 
the new members are real rose-folks, determined to help 
make the rose really universal in America. 

Doings? With a "proof-of- pudding" report in the making 
that fairly tingles with life, this strengthening membership is 
right on the job of helping each other with up-to-the-hour 
rose-facts. No member need buy blindly in 1935. The plant- 
quality angle is very much uppermost; we'll be able to buy 
live plants, properly handled next spring. 

The National Rose-Garden idea is very much alive and 
working. Something may come of it — something new in the 
rose- world. 

But details are not necessary. We are going forward. 
Each member can help by prompt renewal as herein requested, 
and help even more by sending in a new member — a man or 
woman who really wants to get on with roses. 

The Editors cheerfully wish you all 

la jWerrp Cftrifitmasi 13 ^appf i^eto |9car 




ul)li8hedl>y- The American Rosc Society, Harrisburi 

2.5^ a copy • $1.50 a year 



Pa. 




INTENTIONAL SECOND EXPOSURE 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 

and G. A. Stevens 

Published bi'tnontbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 

Subscription price: To members of the American Rose 
Society 75 cts. a year, 15 cts. a copy, wbicb amount is 
included in the annual dues oj ti.90. 

To all others: f 1.50 a year, 25 cts. a copy. 

Entered as second-class matter at the Post Office at Harris- 
burg, Pa., under the act of March 3, 1879. 

Vol. I, No. 12 1934 November-December 

Annual Dues 

ON JANUARY 1, nov^r less than a 
month av^ay, all annual member- 
ship dues become payable. It will 
help the Secretary tremendously if remit- 
tances begin at once, in order to distribute 
the office work over a longer period. 
Annual members pay $3.50, which in- 
cludes subscription to this Magazine. 

It is gratifying that the membership has 
materially increased this year. December 
1, it totaled 2,909. In 1933, at the same 
time, it was 2,700, an increase of 209. 

Of course, this number does not repre- 
sent ten per cent of the people who ought 
to be members of the Society, who would 
derive great benefit from it. The fact is, 
we would all benefit greatly if there were 
only five times as many members, because 
of the increased income. 

Members sometimes forget that this 
Society is operated solely upon the income 
derived from membership dues. There is 
no appreciable revenue from investments 
for general purposes. No funds fall from 
Heaven, and nobody makes any profit 
out of it. The service to the members is 
strictly limited by the money they con- 
tribute in dues. All the officers work for 
nothing, and there is no expense except 
for materials and clerical work in the 
Secretary's office. The entire income of 
the Society is returned to the members 
through its publications, in medals, and 
by other services. 

Please help out by paying up promptly. 

Sentinel 

We understand that practically all 
plants of Sentinel which the members 



asked for have been shipped. We hope 
all of them grow and flourish greatly, 
except the plant which went to the bird 
who sent in the lead quarter. It's an odd 
thing that less than 500 of the 2,900 
members of this Society were interested in 
obtaining this charming rose, the gracious 
gift of a great hybridizer and a kindly 
gentleman. It's too late now — don't send 
any more requests. 

The Annual 

Work of compiling the 1935 Annual is 
already under way. You good people 
who have material for the Proof of the 
Pudding ought to send it in right away. 
Quite a lot of reports have been received, 
but the more we have, the better the 
result will be. 

Any of you who have articles under 
way, or articles you want to write, should 
hurry them along. The Annual becomes 
jammed after the middle of January, and 
many a good article gets crowded out, or 
cut to pieces if it is not in type by that 
time. Besides, if material comes in early, 
it saves night-work and headaches in the 
Editor's office. 

The Magazine Cover 

We have added four extra pages in the 
form of a cover to this issue, because the 
material on hand had to be printed before 
the end of the year or not at all. We can- 
not promise to keep the enlarged size on 
our present budget. The treasury may 
ring a little hollow because of this splurge, 
but we are gambling on a bigger member- 
ship next year to refill it. 

Previous Annuals 

There are still fairly good stocks of 
almost all the Annuals of previous years 
in storage. These books are supplied to 
members at $1 each. They make good 
Christmas and birthday presents to rose- 
loving friends if you already have them 
in your own library, but they do nobody 
any good in storage here. Let's put them 
to work. Each member ought to have a 
full set. The 1916, 1919, and 1920 issues 
are already scarce. It will not be long 
before others may be difficult to obtain. 

The Illustrated Lectures 

Most members know that the Society 
has two Rose Lectures, illustrated by 

Continued on page 20 



Fall Clean-Up for Disease Control 

By L. M. MASSEY, Chairman, Committee on Disease Control 



^ 



SLVIiRAL matters bearing on disease 
control and the general health and 
\ igor of roses deserve consideration 
at this time. 

The black-spot fungus lives oxer winter 
largely in the old leaves on the ground. 
To rake and burn these in the autumn 
will decrease the number of spores matur- 
ing in the spring to initiate infections on 
next year's foliage. These leaves should 
be destroyed early, before they have 
become shredded. Several rakings while 
defoliation is in progress will enable the 
gardener to destroy most of these leaves. 

The black-spot fungus may also live 
over in lesions on the stems, especially of 
certain soft-wooded varieties like Los 
Angeles. Also, powdery mildew may live 
over in patches of the fungus on the stems. 
Where feasible a light pruning to remove 
twigs bearing black-spot lesions and those 
showing mildew will help to prevent the 
hibernation of these two fungi in the 
garden. 

Stems showing lesions due to brown 
canker, brand canker, and common 
canker should be cut away and burned 
any time during the season, as soon as 
the lesions are discovered. In the autumn, 
after the leaves have fallen, it is well to 
inspect the plants carefully to locate new 
cankers, and any missed in earlier inspec- 
tions, and remove them. Cut several 
inches below the canker and burn the 
parts cut away. 

None of the pathogenes causing the 
common and prevalent diseases of garden 
roses lives in the soil, and so far as 
published experimental data are con- 
cerned there is no good reason for at- 
tempting to disinfect the soil through the 
use of fungicides applied as sprays or 
otherwise. It is not feasible to use dis- 
infectants to kill the fungi in the old 
leaves on the ground. One should direct 
attention to the living plant. The use of 
a good fungicide on the dormant plants 
probably has value — just how much no 
one has established experimentally — and 
for this purpose a spray of liquid lime- 
sulfur is suggested. Used at the strength 
of 1 part of the concentrate (32° Baume) 



added to 8 parts of water, lime-sulfur 
may be expected to kill many of the eggs 
of aphides, red s|)icler mites, etc., kill 
scale, and aid perhaps material l.\ in 
the control of mildew, brown canker and 
black-spot. This spray should be applied 
thoroughly a^i^^r the plants are fully dor- 
mant and on a day when the tem])eraturc 
does not fall below free/ins^. One a|:)plica- 
tion in the autumn, and perhaps another 
in the spring before the lirst buds burst 
are suihcient. The fall application should 
be made before the plants are given their 
winter protection. Because of its action 
as an ovicide and scaleeide, dormant 
strength lime-sulfur solution is to be pre- 
ferred to bordeaux mixture and other 
sprays and dusts. If plants do not become 
thoroughly dormant in your climate it is 
suggested that you use the lime-sulfur 
spray on the semi-dormant plants at the 
summer strength, i.e., 1 to 50. 

Winter protection, from the point of 
view of disease control at least, should 
be the minimum to get the plants through 
the winter without the loss of essential 
and desirable wood. Climbers at Ithaca 
(N. v.), laid on the ground in October, 
allowing the late growth of grass to 
enveloj) them, which, along with hilling, 
provided their only protection, survived 
last winter's unusually low temperatures 
amazingly well; and bush roses came 
through about as usual with the protec- 
tion supplied merely by mounding the 
soil about them 8 to 10 inches or so. The 
problem of how much protection to gi\e 
would be simplified if one could anticipate 
the severity of the season; but at least 
past experiences and a knowledge of the 
climate of the particular region serve as 
a guide. Winter protection should be 
given late in the autumn, after the warm 
days are over and cold weather is defi- 
nitely at hand, and removed early in the 
spring, before the advent of warm 
weather, to ht best into the program of 
disease control. 



So many questions were asked with the 
return of the questionnaires by those 
participating in the disease-control cam- 




k 






r 



» . 



THE AMERICA 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

^9^ Horace McFarland 
and G. A. SrEVENi - 

Pvbliih^d bi^mwiUbly W 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 
Cnsont and Mvlbcfry Sts., Harrisbais. Pa. 

Subflcriptioa price: To membort of tlte AmcrieMi Rose 
Society 75 cts. « yetf. t9 eta. ft eopif* wfrici otnoimf u 
incluaid in tb^ annual iu§$ o/ Si^fO. 

To all others: $1.90 a year, 25 ctt. a oomr. 

Entered aa weoad-clMs matter at the PoetOffiM at Harrhh 
burg. Pa., ander the act of March 3, 1879. 

Vol. I, No. 12 1934 NovbmbertDecembbr 

Annual Duyes 

ON JANUARY 1, now i^ than a 
month away, all annual member* 
ship dues become payable. It wiOF 
help the Secretary tremendously if remits 
tances begin at once, in order to distribute 
the office work over a longer period. 
Annual menibers pay S3.30, which in- 
cludes subscription to this Ma«;azine. 

It is gratifying that the memoership has 
materially incr^ised this year. Decmber 
1, it totaled 2,909. In 1933, at the sam^ 
time, it was 2,700, an increase of 209. 

Of course, this number does not repre^' 
sent ten per cent of the people who ou^t 
to be members of the Society, who would 
derive great benefit from it. The fact is, 
we would all benefit greatly if there were 
6nly five times as many members, beca^^ 
of the increased income. 

Members sometimes forget that this 
Society is operated solely upon the income 
derived from membership dues. TTiere is 
no appreciable revenue nrom investments 
for general purposes. No funds fall from 
Heaven, and nobody makes any profit 
out of it. The service to the members is 
strictly limited by the money they con- 
tribute in dues. All the ofiicers work for 
nothing, and there is no expmse except 
for materials and clerical work in tne 
Secretaiy's office. The entire income of 
the Society is returned to the members 
throuffh its publications, in medals, and 
by other services. 

Please help put by paying up promptly^ 



^■.^^ 



Wt understand that practically aQ 
plants of Sentinel which the membeii 



■>■ . • »■ 



for have been shipped. We hope 

iJI of them grow and nourish flpreatfy,^ 
pxcept the plant which went to tne birdd 
"irho sent in the lead quarter. It's an odd i 
l^ng that less than 500 of the 2,900 
itieim)or8 of this Society were interested in' 
obtaining this charmiMf rose, the gracious 
gift of a great hybridoser and a kindly 
gentleman. It's too late now — dsm't send 
any more requests. 

Hie Annual 

Work of compiling the 1935 Annual is 
i&eady under way. You gpod people 
who have material for the Proof of the 
Pudding ought to send it in r^|^t away. 
Quite a lot of reports have been nemvfA, 
fyxt the more we have, the better the 
result will be. 

Any of you who have articles under 
way, or articles you want to write, should 
hurry them along. Tlie Annual bea>nies 
jammed after the middle of January, and 
many a {^ood article gets crowded out, or 
cut to pieces if it is not in type by that 
time. Besides, if material comes in early, 
it saves nkht-work and heiulaches in the 
Editor's office. 

The Magazine Cover 

We have added four extra pages in the 
form of a cover to this issue, oecause ^e 
material on hand had to be prints before 
the end of the year or not at all. We can- 
not promise to keep the enlarged size on 
our present budget. The treasury may 
roig a little hollow because of this splurge, 
but we are gambling on a bigger member- 
ship next year to refill it. . 

Previous Annuals 

There are still fairly good stocks of 
almost all the Annuals of previous years 
in storage. These books are supplied to 
members at $1 each. They make good 
Christmas and birthday presents to rose- 
loving friends if you already have them 
in your own library, but they do nobody 
any good in storage here. Let's put them 
to work. Each member ought to have a 
fuU set. The 1916, 1919, and 1920 issues 
are already scarce. It will not be long 
Jbefore others may be difficult to obtain. 

Hie Illustrated Lectures 

Most members know that the Society 
Ibis two Rose Lectures, illustrated by 

ComimMd on pa|» JO 




Fall Ciean-Up for Disease Control 

By L. M. MASSEY, Chairman, Committee on Disease Control 



SEVERAL matters bearing on disease 
control and the general health and 
vigor of roses deserve consideration 
at this time. 

The black-spot fungus lives over winter 
largely in the old leaves on the ground. 
To rake and burn these in the autumn 
will decrease the number of spores matur- 
ing in the spring to initiate infections on 
next year's foliage. These leaves should 
be destroyed early, before they have 
become shredded. Several rakings while 
defohation is in progress will enable the 
gardener to destroy most of these leaves. 

The black-spot fungus may also live 
over in lesions on the sterns, especially of 
certain soft-wooded varieties like Los 
Angeles. Also, powdery mildew may live 
over in patches of the fungus on the stems. 
Where feasible a light pruning to remove 
twigs bearing black-spot lesions and those 
showing mildew will help to prevent the 
hibernation of these two fungi in the 
garden. 

Stems showing lesions due to brown 
canker, brand canker, and common 
canker should be cut away and burned 
any time during the season, as soon as 
the lesions are discovered. In the autumn, 
after the leaves have fallen, it is well to 
inspect the plants carefully to locate new 
cankers, and any missed in earlier inspec- 
tions, and remove them. Cut several 
inches below the canker and burn the 
parts cut away. 

None of the pathogenes causing the 
common and prevalent diseases of garden 
roses lives in the soil, and so far as 
published experimental data are con- 
cerned there is no good reason for at- 
tempting to disinfect the soil through the 
use of fungicides applied as sprays or 
otherwise. It is not feasible to use dis- 
infectants to kill the fungi in the old 
leaves on the ground. One should direct 
attention to the living plant. The use of 
a good fungicide on the dormant plants 
probably has value — just how much no 
one has established experimentally— and 
for this purpose a spray of liquid lime- 
sulfur is suggested. Used at the strength 
of 1 part of the concentrate (32° Baume) 



added to 8 parts of water, lime-sulfur 
may be expected to kill many of the eggs 
of aphides, red spider mites, etc., kill 
scale, and aid — perhaps materially — in 
the control of mildew, brown canker and 
black-spot. This spray should be applied 
thoroughly a^itr the plants are fully dor- 
mant and on a day when the temperature 
does not fall below freezing. One applica- 
tion in the autumn, and perhaps another 
in the spring before the first buds burst 
are sufficient. The fall application should 
be made before the plants are given their 
winter protection. Because of its action 
as an ovicide and scalecide, dormant 
strength lime-sulfur solution is to be pre- 
ferred to bordeaux mixture and other 
sprays and dusts. If plants do not become 
thoroughly dormant in your climate it is 
suggested that you use the lime-sulfur 
spray on the semi-dormant plants at the 
summer strength, i.e., 1 to 50. 

Winter protection, from the point of 
view of disease control at least, should 
be the minimum to get the plants through 
the winter without the loss of essential 
and desirable wood. Climbers at Ithaca 
(N. Y.), laid on the ground in October, 
allowing the late growth of grass to 
envelop them, which, along with hilling, 
provided their only protection, survived 
last winter's unusually low temperatures 
amazingly well; and bush roses came 
through about as usual with the protec- 
tion supplied merely by mounding the 
soil about them 8 to 10 inches or so. The 
problem of how much protection to give 
would be simplified if one could anticipate 
the severity of the season; but at least 
past experiences and a knowledge of the 
climate of the particular region serve as 
a guide. Winter protection should be 
given late in the autumn, after the warm 
days are over and cold weather is defi- 
nitely at hand, and removed early in the 
spring, before the advent of warm 
weather, to fit best into the program of 
disease control. 



So many questions were asked with the 
return of the questionnaires by those 
participating in the disease-control cam- 






E 



i 



1; 






INTENTIONAL SECOND EXPOSURE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



palgn that I have been unable to answer 
them promptly. Some questions have 
been answered by the above paragraphs, 
others will be in the summary to be pub- 
lished in the Annual. In any event you 
may reasonably expect an answer in time 



for the information to be of use to you. 
If you have not returned the question- 
naire filled out to the best of your abihty, 
please do so at once and assure the success 
of our effort which promises to be so very 
much worth the trouble. 



In Memoriam, February, 1934 
Ad Gloriam, Summer, 1934 



By J. H. NICOLAS, N. S. D. 



FEBRUARY 6, 7, and 8 our ther- 
mometer registered 28° below zero, 
and the whole month was practi- 
cally below zero. By April every stick of 
wood was black. Our magnificent collec- 
tion of chmbers — probably one of the 
largest in the country — was cut down to 
the soil-line, save the Penzance hybrids 
and a few Nutkana hybrids. About 
7,000 Hybrid Teas in about 3,000 varieties 
and seedhngs looked as if a forest fire had 
passed over them. But the death casual- 
ties, only weaklings, were less than 1 per 
cent of tl e total; at the present writing 
(September) our gardens are as beautiful 
as they ever were, plants average 2>^ to 3 
feet, many are 5 feet high, and the 
Radiances, Lady Ursula, and La Tosca 
are G-^oot bushes! True, the spring 
blooming was later than usual and less 
abundant, but from midsummer on every- 
thing was at par or above. Of course, the 
climbers did not bloom. Some of the 
remontant type, such as Blaze, New 
Dawn, Mercedes Gallart, Laure Soupert, 
Mermaid, Marechal Niel, Gloire de Dijon, 
etc., since early August have bloorned 
freely, but very few of the Climbing 
Hybrid Teas have bloomed, and because 
of the severe winter pruning it seems some 
have reverted to the bush form. Other 
climbers have benefited by that enforced 
pruning and are now completely rebuilt; 
and since "lightning does not strike twice 
in the same place," I anticipate the most 
glorious fireworks next year. 

I have always made it a point to plant 
Hybrid Teas so that the bud or union 
(justly called "the works" by our British 
friends) be 2 to 3 inches below soil-level, 
and the only winter protection a few 



inches of soil banked around the plants. 
So there was enough soil to protect and 
save "the works" and our losses in Hybrid 
Teas have not been more than in any 
ordinary winter. The spring pruning had 
to be a little lower and that's all. 

While I agree with the opponents of 
deep planting, I strongly disagree with 
the extremists who advocate to plant at 
the same depth as the plants stood in the 
nursery, which means that the bud would 
be either at the level or above ground. In 
the nursery, the mechanism of budding 
requires the bud to be above ground, but 
as soon as this bud has grown in the spring 
we bank up the plants and cover the 
union as a summer protection. The union 
is a scar of soft, spongy tissue nearly as 
sensitive to sun-scorch as to cold. There- 
fore it should be underground at all times. 
Setting the union 2 to 3 inches below soil- 
level is not "deep" planting, it is normal 
planting and life-insurance, I think it 
unadvisable, at any rate unnecessary, to 
plant deeper. 

When we speak of winter hardiness, the 
question of understocks does not enter 
the picture. We have in our gardens 
every conceivable kind of understock 
used anywhere in the world, from the 
reputedly very tender Banksia and Gigan- 
tea, Indica Major (misnamed Odorata), 
Gloire des Rosomanes (misnamed Ragged 
Robin), various Caninas, Multifloras, 
etc., and a conglomeration of hybrids 
being tested for understocks. None 
showed any noticeable difference in win- 
ter hardiness. It is silly to surmise 
that because the part of a plant in the 
air is tender, the part in the ground is 
equally so. 



This winter has confirmed my deduc- 
tion from years of experiment that in the 
genus Rosa everything under ground is 
cold-proof. Cold alone does not kill but 
the atmospheric elements added to it do 
the killing. 

Sulfuric acid, chemically pure and 
dehydrated, is harmless but addition of 
moisture renders it violent. The useful- 
ness of stocks is in relation to soil-texture 
only: Those types with thick, nearly suc- 
culent roots, like Odorata and Ragged 
Robin, do not fare well and rot in heavy, 
poorly drained clay soil, but in light, 
sandy loam they will survive any winter, 
while in sticky clay they will ultimately 
die, even in the South. 

I did considerable planting in Novem- 
ber, 1933, by the "Foote System," lean- 
ing the plants flat on one side and cover- 
ing the whole top with soil. I did not lose 
a single plant and in the spring the 
branches were green to the tips; a couple 
of inches of soil had insulated them from 
the deadly atmosphere. 

From the reports I had, I estimate that 
many thousands of roses were killed last 
winter. Wherever I was able to investi- 
gate, I invariably found that the union 



was exposed; the plants were sent to the 
North Pole in their bathing-suits! 

I have come to the conclusion that 
Hybrid Teas can be successfully grown 
and easily wintered anywhere; I would 
even say that they are hardier than 
Hybrid Perpetuals in extreme weather. 
At 20° below zero, most Hybrid Perpetuals 
will freeze to the soil-line. Since Hybrid 
Perpetuals generally bloom only on old 
wood, they will not bloom the first year 
after freezing, while Hybrid Teas will come 
up from the union and bloom the first 
year; therefore. Hybrid Teas are hardier — 
as far as blooming is concerned — than Hy- 
brid Perpetuals where Hybrid Perpetuals 
are liable to freeze. A paradox? Maybe! 

The "Foote System" of planting 
(named after Mrs. Harriett Foote) is very 
simple: After the main root-system has 
been firmly packed with the heels (not 
merely tapping with the soles) the plant 
is leaned on one side, held down with wire 
pins, the hole is filled and soil mounded 
all over the plant, taking care that no air- 
pocket remains between the branches. 
This system may also be used to protect 
old plants; some soil is removed on one 
side and the plant can easily be bent down. 



The New Roses of 1934 

By HARRY H. HAZLEWOOD, Epping, N. S. W. 

(Reprinted with permission from the Australian Rose Annual) 



COMPARED with previous years' 
importations, the new Roses for 
distribution this season are much 
smaller in number and, taking them all 
round, are a poor lot. Two years ago one 
was justified in thinking that hybridists 
were beginning to realise that "novelty" 
implied improvement, but the standard 
set by the latest introductions in Australia 
dispels that hope, for a time at least. For 
example, there are eleven reds, or near 
reds, in the fist this year, but nearly 
every variety fails badly in colour per- 
manence. The life of any bloom is fleeting 
enough at any time, but when its chief 
charm is lost through a weak colour 
value, then its justification to remain 
in the Rose world immediately becomes 
challenged. 



The plants from which the propagating 
stock is taken reach Australia about 
October or early November, just at the 
time when all other varieties are being 
budded. Almost invariably the plants 
arrive in first-class condition (where 
packing methods are up-to-date), and 
thus imported and local material start off 
on fairly even terms. It is admitted that 
some seasons are better for colours than 
others, but for purpose of comparison 
this feature is alike for all the varieties in 
the one bed or block. When an imported 
Rose blues or purples badly, while on the 
same day in an adjoining row an older 
established sort (worked at the same 
time) maintains its richness and purity, 
then one may confidently assume the 
blueing is a fault of the new-comer. 



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THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Red 

Taking red first, because of its popu- 
larity and assessing the varieties on their 
performances up to date, "Malar-Ros" 
(Kordes) is easily in the lead, not only 
for its deep, crimson colour, but it is the 
best of all the novelties as a whole. In 
growth, foliage, shape, perfume and 
colour it is a variety of all-round quality, 
and is sure of a \^elcome when it is known. 
Strange as it may seem, in spite of the 
many candidates for a place in the red 
Rose world, we are still looking for a few 
really first-class novelties. "Malar-Ros" 
is certainly a step along the road to our 
desire. It carries sufficient petals (30 to 
35) at present to give promise of exhibi- 
tion value, while for garden purposes it is 
beyond reproach. 

Next in order of merit is "Barcelona," 
also from Kordes. In respect of colour 
this variety is on a par with Sensation, 
for some truly gloriously colored blooms 
have been produced, but in spite of the 
raiser's description that the colour keeps 
well, it has faded and blued badly here. 
"Barcelona" is a variety of excellent 
shape, and carrying up to 105 petals. It 
is sweetly scented, with medium growth 
and foliage. It is to be hoped this variety 
will improve in colour quality, but its 
performance to date is not spjecially 
promising. 

In "David McKee" (Dickson's) there 
is a bright red, sweet-scented variety 
capable of producing some very fine 
blooms, but these have blued badly here. 
(In an adjoining row "Malar-Ros" keeps 
its red shades undiminished.) "David 
McKee" has good growth and foliage, 
rich perfume and good shape, but so 
many reds are too fleeting in attractive 
colour. The flowers carry round about 40 
petals, and some good blooms are inevi- 
table. It should be noted that this name 
was previously given by the raisers to a 
Pernetiana variety, which they candidly 
acknowledged was subject to dying back, 
and was apparently soon discarded. As 
it has not been seen in any catalogue for 
some years, no confusion is likely by 
giving the same name to another variety. 

From the same raiser (Dickson's) 
comes "Colonel Sharman Crawford." 
This is a variety with dark, crimson buds 



opening to semi-double cerise blooms, 
carrying 20 to 30 petals. The growth is 
only medium so far, but it is possible this 
variety may improve later. 

"Tony Spalding" (McGredy) is a scar- 
let-crimson of 25 to 30 petals. The colour 
is constant and the shape of the flowers 
refined, but growth up to date is only 
medium, with fairly good foliage. Growth 
will probably improve, and the variety 
has possibilities of getting higher up later. 

"Southport" (McGredy) is another 
eff'ort from the same firm. This is a tall 
grower with Pernetiana characteristics, 
but carries only 20 petals. The colour is 
bright scarlet, while there is only a light 
tea perfume. It is described as one of the 
most outstanding Roses of recent years, 
but it must improve a lot to earn praise 
of that nature out here. 

From France, Mallerin offers "Sergent 
Ulmann," but although a rich, dark 
crimson it is not distinctive enough to 
warrant a higher position. Three blooms 
were counted, and the petals recorded are 
15, 16, and 18 respectively. It is a strong 
grower with good foliage, and may sup- 
plant Hawlmark Crimson later. 

"Mayor Cermak" (Bohm) came from 
Czecho-Slovakia. The blooms carry 60 
to 80 petals, but the colour blued fear- 
fully, while the growth was very ordinary. 

Holland sends "Ludwig Oppenheimer," 
from Leenders, but in addition to a colour 
which blues very badly the plants are 
dying back, and a very much better per- 
formance must be staged if the variety is 
to remain in the list. 

"Yvonne d'Huart" is a coral-red va- 
riety from Luxembourg (Ketten), and is 
undoubtedly of Pernetiana origin. It 
carries 36 petals, with medium growth 
and fair foliage. 

The last variety in this section was 
really one of last year's imported late. It 
is a sport of Lady Inchiquin, and is known 
as "Westfield Scarlet." In a suitable 
climate it is no doubt a very fine variety, 
but it is absolutely hopeless in most parts 
of Australia, owing to its very pronounced 
habit of dying back. In New Zealand it 
will no doubt be appreciated, but in 
Sydney it is difficult to keep the plants 
alive even under the most favourable 
conditions for other varieties. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Pink 

Although described as an Indian red, 
"Madge Wildfire" (Dobbie) has so far 
only earned a position as a cerise-pink. 
Admittedly it is a glorious bloom with 
unique colour, and is placed in the position 
of honour in this section. The flowers are 
large, 30 to 55 petals, with good shape, 
but the growth is undoubtedly Pernetiana 
and it would appear as if the variety will 
die back in winter. For those who can 
really grow Pernetianas it is a glorious 
thing, but its Sydney and Brisbane per- 
formances need watching. One of our 
staff, holidaying in England, saw this 
variety in Chelsea Show last year, and 
urged us to watch its performance care- 
fully. If it will grow satisfactorily it will 
be a winner. 

"McGredy's Gem" is a variety after 
the style of Mme. Butterfly, and carrying 
27 petals, which fade to nearly white. It 
will, on occasions, produce a show bloom, 
and is a good grower. 

"Vierlanden" (Kordes) is a deep rose- 
pink, fading to light pink, but of perfect 
shape. It carries 20 to 30 petals, and if 
it will grow well it will prove a winner. 
This variety carries a lot of promise for 
better things. 

Buisman, from Holland, contributes 
"Edo Bergsma," which is a salmon-pink 
of 20 petals, fading to ivory-white. The 
growth and foliage are good, while the 
perfume is "tea." 

Another attempt from Ireland is to be 
found in "McGredy's Peach." It is a 
strong, tall-growing sort, with semi- 
double blooms of 20 to 30 petals. It 
promises well as a decorative, and al- 
though sometimes washy has possibilities. 

"President Macia" (Leenders) has a 
two-toned effect, with outside petals deep 
pink and a pale flesh inside. In hot 
weather these colours fade to nearly white, 
but the 20 to 30 petals will sometimes 
build up a fine show bloom. 

"Prince Charlie," as the name indicates, 
comes from Scotland (Dobbie). It is a 
full double bloom of 55 petals, which, 
however, are rather thin, and will ball in 
wet weather. The colour is coral-pink, 
after the style of Los Angeles, but 
with a different shape. It may prove 
satisfactory in a dry climate as far 



as growth is concerned, but balling is 
indicated. 

"Ronald Healy" also comes from Dob- 
bie, but does not uphold the standard of 
others from this firm on its present per- 
formances. It carries 28 to 30 petals, and 
fades from deep rose to silvery pink out 
here. 

"Dakar" (Pernet-Ducher) is described 
as silvery rose, shaded bright rose, but it 
fades to very pale pink, and is altogether 
unattractive. The foliage is poor, growth 
is only medium, and this is already dying 
back 

"Evert van Dyk" and "J. K. B. Roos" 
come from Van Rossem and Leenders 
respectively. They are both of Columbia 
origin and are attractive in many respects. 
Sports or seedlings of Columbia are, how- 
ever, so numerous that extended test is 
necessary to see if new names are justified. 

Czecho-Slovakia again comes into the 
picture with "Josef Strnad." This is a 
variety with coppery salmon buds fading 
to silvery pink. Growth is poor and the 
variety unattractive. The surname is spelt 
quite correctly, and the Consul-General 
for the country of its origin suggests the 
pronunciation should be "Sternard." 

In "Clara d'Arcis" (Pernet-Ducher) 
there is a variety carrying 45 to 50 petals, 
but the note in the nursery book says it 
is a mediocre pink amongst many others. 
When the general standard of the pro- 
ductions of this raiser is considered, this 
variety has let the firm down. 

The finals in this colour section are 
"Memory,'* "Mevrouw Welmoet van 
Heek," "Souvenir d' Emmanuel Buatois" 
and "Souvenir de Mme. Canel," all of 
which are too weak in colour to describe 
in detail. 

Yellow 

Passing on to yellow, the variety which 
has shown to best advantage is "Lord 
Lonsdale" (Dickson). It is of Pernetiana 
origin, carries 40 to 50 petals, with blooms 
of very fine shape. It fades from deep 
yellow to light yellow, but growth must 
improve and be free from dying back 
before it will be a success in Brisbane or 
Sydney. Some very beautiful blooms have 
been produced on the young plants, and 
in Melbourne or Adelaide it should be a 
fine variety. 



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THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Next in order of merit Is "McGredy's 
Yellow," a canary-yellow of 25 to 30 
petals, fading to almost white. The raiser 
describes it as the "best yellow," but this 
would not be supported here on present 
performances. 

"Claire Desmet" (Buatois) fades from 
cadmium-yellow to almost white. It 
carries 38 petals, but is very ordinary so 
far. 

"Goldener Traum" (Golden Dream), 
from Kordes, is a Rugosa hybrid, but the 
foliage has not inherited the Rugosa dis- 
ease resistance. It is of climbing habit, 
and flowers fade from golden yellow to 
pale straw. 

"Pedro Veyrat" (Dot) is a moderate 
grower with short petals, opening from 
apricot to pale yellow. The blooms carry 
30 petals, but the variety does not con- 
vince so far. 

Coppery 

This section must, of necessity, cover a 
wide range of colour. Kordes, with "Anni 
•Jebbens," heads the list with a beautiful 
sort, showing deep yellow on reverse and 
rich carmine-scarlet inside. Blooms carry 
32 petals, and if it will grow it will be a 
favourite. It looks, however, more like a 
dry-climate sort. 

In "Sylvia Leyva," Dot comes into 
prominence again with a variety worth 
full points for novelty. It is described as 
capucine-red with a very decided yellow 
base. The blooms carry 30 to 40 petals, 
but the colour fades quickly, while the 
blooms are rather flat. It appears to be 
suitable for dry climates only. 

A similar fate seems to be indicated for 
"Viktoria Adelheid" (Kordes). This is 
after the style of Marion Cran and Porta- 
down Redder, but growth seems weak. 
Brisbane and Sydney growers should be 
careful, as it does not look happy here. 

"Simone Guerin" (Mallerin), while 
carrying a rather striking colour in the 
bud, is too close to Pernetianas for coastal 
growers. 

"Roxana," from Dickson's, is a diminu- 



tive grower of unusually dwarf growth. 
The petals number 35 and are long and 
narrow. The buds are vermilion, flushed 
yellow, but growth is too low to be 
popular. 

"Gotha" (M. Krause) is not convincing, 
and considering the quality of others from 
this raiser, it is a pity this variety was 
sent out. 

White and Light Shades 

White is not a popular shade as a rule, 
but the colour has its uses. In "Madame 
Louis Lens" there is a variety of exquisite 
shape with long buds, and capable of pro- 
ducing high-class show blooms of 40 
petals. The growth is strong and branch- 
ing, and the variety is promising very well. 

Of quite a diff^erent type, "Oswald 
Sieper" (Krause) carries 30 long petals of 
show value, but growth could improve. 
Should this happen it will be a high-class 
variety. 

Buatois provides "Gabriel Lombart," 
which gives a general impression of ivory- 
white, although described as "delicate 
flesh-tinted cream." Its main quality 
appears, however, to be good growth. 

There is one more variety to list, but 
the colour sections already covered do not 
include it. "General Stefanik" is de- 
scribed as "one of the wonders of nature" 
and is supposed to be "blue." It is diffi- 
cult to find any accepted standard under 
which this variety could be judged. It is 
crude in size and shape of petal to a degree 
while much bluer colours have often been 
observed on sorts with less pretentious 
claims. The growth is like a tall H.P., 
while the petals are very narrow, forming 
little rosettes of crude, mauvy pink. 

Summarising the importations, there 
are a few grains amongst a lot of chaff. 
The results are, namely, poor or moderate 
growth, weak colour values and too great 
a proportion of Pernetiana blood, which 
generally indicates weak constitution, 
dying back and early extinction in all 
except dry climates. 



Library Additions 

Through the kindness of friends in Australia the Society's Library has been enriched with sev- 
eral extra copies of the 1934 Australian Rose Annual, thus speeding up the waiting list and making 
this interesting volume more quickly available. 



Roses and Roots tock 

By DR. W. H. BRUNDIGE, Chattanooga, Tenn. 



IF I UNDERSTAND nature correctly, 
fall is the season for planting all root- 
stock such as peonies, shrubs, trees, 
and roses, beginning with peonies in 
September and roses in November, and 
continuing until ground freezes. South of 
Washington and Chattanooga, if the 
ground is prepared and ready to receive 
the plants, roses can be planted with 
safety until the middle of February. 

Roses should have their canes cut back 
to 12 inches, and in all cases, after plant- 
ing, the bushes should be hilled up to the 
top of the canes, provided they have been 
cut back to at least 12 inches, with plain 
earth or peat moss, and that mound 
should remain around the bushes until 
the last of March or until all danger of 
frost is over. Then gradually pull it away 
and work the ground and feed the roses. 

Roses generally go dormant the last of 
October. Nurseries begin to ship them 
then and they should be planted imme- 
diately on arrival if weather is suitable. 
All roses shipped from any first-class 
nursery will keep in good condition for a 
week or ten days. First-class nurserymen 
ship nothing but budded roses on Multi- 
flora japonica rootstock which is con- 
sidered the best. By planting from 
November to middle of February, bushes 
have ample time to get settled in their 
new home, and, when uncovered in the 
spring, will start right off growing 
beautifully. 

All A-1 stock is generally sold out by 
the middle of February. What is left is 
generally seconds and culls. Along about 
the middle of March some department 
stores buy up these culls and also own- 
root roses, and the market is flooded with 
cheap stock. There are always people 
waiting for this cheap stuff", and plenty 
of advertisers say they have the best at 
10 to 25 cents per plant, but people get 
what they pay for. This cheap stock 
never has more than two canes as thick 
as a lead-pencil and a poor root-system. 
I have seen such roses budded with necks 
3 to 4 inches long, between root and top, 
while all A-1 roses are low-budded and 
have three to four canes, with a heavy 



root-system. Of course, some of these 
cheap roses will live and bear flowers, but 
they are never as good as A-1 budded 
stock. 

It is very important to order roses 
early — beginning September 1. Early 
orders always get the pick of the crop. 
The best plants are shipped out first 
when they go dormant. 

Whether few or many roses are ordered, 
reduce the number of varieties so that 
you will have not less than three of a 
kind. An order for twelve roses should 
not consist of more than four varieties 
suitable to the climate where you live. 
"It is better to be sure than sorry." 

Late autumn is the best planting-time 
in the Southern States, when growth 
ceases for only a few weeks in midwinter. 
If roses are planted at once on arrival and 
hilled up before winter sets in, they settle 
down to make root-growth and are ready 
to begin growing when spring opens. 
Roses are more often injured by quick 
changes of weather in early spring than 
by the cold of winter. 

Own Roots Better? 

If an amateur may be permitted to 
have had experience, I would like to 
enumerate mine in my first real interest- 
ing year with roses. 

My wife and I have always been lovers 
of flowers and have kept up a garden, and 
the roses received the same attention 
which we gave to other flowers. Up 
until last year we thought it was just 
natural for our roses to get black and 
yellow leaves, for some of the plants to 
be denuded part of the year, and looked 
with sorrow at our pretty climbers when 
they resembled a cotton field instead of 
a pink and green rose bush. 

Last summer I came across some very 
interesting literature on roses, and ever 
since have taken my roses seriously. I 
have used a dusting preparation minus 
the coloring, and, strange to say, for a 
beginner, up to the present date I have 
not had a single case of black-spot or 
mildew, and the whole family of insects 



10 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



liave seemed to lose interest in the rose 
as a meal-ticket. I have dusted method- 
ically, especially during damp periods, 
and have found it effective. 

When I found out, last fall, what I 
really wanted in roses I had a general 
lifting and transplanting program and 
thought I was fixed for the spring. After 
the severe weather of last winter I found 
out differently. About half of my roses 
had their tops frozen off at the ground, 
and when the growth started from the 
understock in the spring I had as fine (?) 
a collection of old-fashioned and species 
roses as could be found anywhere. 

I also found that the roses which were 
growing on their own roots, although 
frozen to the ground, could not help but 
send up growths which produced true to 
name. Having this in mind and having 
read some of the pros and cons on this 
question, I carefully watched both the 
own-root and the budded plants, and 
while some of the budded plants produced 
a more rugged growth, the own-root 
plants made an equally fast growth but 
of a substance more in keeping with the 
daintiness of the rose as the queen of 
flowers. I have also found that the own- 
root roses in my garden, especially 
Lady Hillingdon which is supposed to 
have a very delicate constitution, pro- 
duced at least twice as many blooms as 
any of the budded plants. 

The books tell us that budding is prac- 
ticed to accomplish more rapid multipli- 
cation of a variety. My vote goes to the 
own-rooted plant and I believe that if 
the fanciers as well as the commercial 
growers would confine themselves to 
quality instead of quantity they would 
acknowledge the own-root plant, and the 
buyers, whether amateur or veteran, 
would not have to run the risk of loss by 
severe freezing and sucker trouble. 

In my garden I have found the best 
blooming varieties to be, in the order 
named: Lady Hillingdon, Souvenir de 
Claudius Pernet, Ami Quinard, Irish 
Flame, and Briarcliff. Those which made 
the poorest showing this year were: 
Etoile de Hollande, E. G. Hill, Red 
Radiance and a sturdy, well-grown plant 
of Autumn which produced only one 
bloom. 



I hope we will read in the Annual how 
these varieties fared in other sections and 
that we will have a good, authentic 
article on the two kincls of rose plants and 
some experiences of other amateurs. 
— Albert E. Hartung, Pennsylvania. 

The Drought in Iowa 

Our perfectly ghastly summers have 
discouraged all gardening hereabouts. All 
my new roses and most of the old Hybrid 
Teas died this spring — from dust-storms 
and 100° in the shade in April and May. 
They came through the winter perfectly 
and then just withered before the western 
dust. Sickening! 

But I do want to give a gold star to 
Mrs. Sam McGredy, three plants of 
which in their second year have bloomed 
constantly. I think I can honestly say 
that it is my first successful Hybrid Tea, 
and practically the only one I have left, 
too. It is growing in a rather dank place 
by the creek, shaded from noonday sun 
by a near-by willow, a location that once 
we would have considered fatal; but 
shade in a drought is a blessing! 

Also, in a drought, fresh cow-manure is 
a life-saver. I came back from Boston 
the end of June to find my roses practi- 
cally burned up. I got several loads of 
fresh cow-manure and mulched roses, 
lilacs, chrysanthemums — everything that 
I thought could stand it. It worked 
miracles and has even made me believe 
that ril try Hybrid Teas again next 
spring. 

Once more I want to speak up for my 
beloved Prosperity. There has scarcely 
been a day all summer without at least 
one bud or a bloom. 

Some time I hope some middle western 
nursery will sell roses balled and bur- 
lapped like evergreens. Then we will 
have better luck with them about here. 
It is the safe way to transplant them here 
— balled and burlapped — about October 1 . 
But try to get them! Spring planting is 
so hazardous. This week-end I lugged 
two balled and burlapped plants home 
from southern Iowa. I had them dug 
while my husband fingered the football 
tickets and looked sadly at his watch. I 
would have filled the car, but I was afraid 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



11 



of the black-spot which showed on the 
foliage, and the varieties were not good. 

My big rose experience this year was 
visiting Mrs. Footers garden at Marble- 
head. It was worth all the municipal 
rose-gardens in the country! If a garden 
like that, plus its owner-lover, could be 
endowed and supported, that would be a 
worthy municipal undertaking. It was a 
very heady cocktail for me, and at that 
I only saw it partially, for Mrs. Foote 
was not there so I could only admire the 
roses with no one to answer my myriad 
questions. 

I judge she doesn't prune much — but 
what sea-air and devotion will do! I 
decided to try a little more devotion my- 
self next year on the few roses I have left. 
It is an inspiration to see roses like that, 
not depending on a 10-acre expanse and 
10 trained gardeners! 

— Mrs. Harry D. Page, Iowa. 



The Season on Long Island 

To sum up our 1934 experience in a 
nutshell, the brutal frost of February has 
been a startling revelation and also a 
delightful surprise as to the hardiness of 
the rose. I will also say, this devilish 
frost has been a blessing in disguise. 

All Hybrid Teas were frozen to the 
ground, but how they renewed them- 
selves was a revelation and a delight to 
see — this fall they are, with few excep- 
tions, well established and blooming right 
along. Of about 135 plants, only 3 Hybrid 
Teas were winter-killed, no climbers lost 
(only some cut down), and all of them 
ready to take their bow next season. 

Climbing Los Angeles is back to nearly 
7 feet at this writing, and Mme. Gregoire 
Staechelin, 10 feet, 8 inches. Silver Moon, 
16 feet, but more of this later. 

Roses bought last fall and heeled in 
gave a glorious show all through, which 
absolutely clinches every argument in 
favor of fall planting. 

I have nothing but enthusiasm to 
report. If there is another flower in God's 
Universe that can take it and come up 
smiling and make a showing as the rose 
did, it is still unborn. 

— Frank C. Anders, Long Island, 



The Historic Adams Rose 

The August 15, 1928, issue of Horti- 
culture carried a note about the Adams 
rose as follows: 

"Visitors to the historic city of Quincy, 
Mass., have been admitted this season 
for the first time to the grounds of the 
Adams Mansion, and to the garden where 
two presidents, as well as many other 
noted men, have strolled. The house was 
built and the grounds laid out by Presi- 
dent John Adams. It was afterwards 
owned by his son. President John Quincy 
Adams, and later by several noted 
descendants, including Charles Francis 
Adams, famous as ambassador to England. 

"In the Adams garden stands a rose 
which is believed to be one of the oldest 
in this country. It was planted by Abigail 
Adams, wife of John Adams, in 1788, 
according to a bronze tablet which is half 
hidden by leaves. The rose, which is a 
climber, bears the name of Yorkist. It is 
white with a yellow center and borne in 
clusters. The plant is growing vigorously 
and an examination would indicate that 
the trunk is not as large as one would 
expect that of a very old rose to be. In 
spite of the statement which appears on 
the tablet, it seems very probable that 
the rose now growing is really an off- 
shoot of the original rose." 

Some of our local people have become 
interested in the rose as a result of the 
newspaper articles and possibly some- 
thing can be done in the way of perpetuat- 
ing it in an historic garden. Probably the 
place for the rose would be in Elizabeth 
Park, in Hartford, where, I understand, 
trials of new roses are to be conducted by 
the American Rose Society. Perhaps a 
section can be set apart for old ones there, 
too. — Paul F. Frese, Boston. 

Prinses van Oranje 

In explanation of the confusion over the 
correct spelling of this name, and whether the 
published names represent more than one va- 
riety, we are glad to publish a letter written by 
Dr. Nicolas, of the wholesale firm of Jackson & 
Perkins Company, in reply to an inquiry regarding 
climbing sports of Gloria Mundi and Paul 
Grampel. — Editor. 

The only two "climbing sports" I can 
find in foreign literature are Princess van 



12 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Orange (Anglicized, much to Mr. Stevens' 
dismay, from Prinses van Oranje) and 
"Climbing Gloria Mundi" of Lens. 

De Ruiter claims that Lens' sport is 
the identical sport found by him. At any 
rate, De Ruiter's came first. De Ruiter 
even claims that it is his own. 

We are Lens' distributor of all his 
novelties in America, and he sent us, last 
winter, some plants of his sport for test- 
ing, not knowing that we already had 
De Ruiter's. These have not yet bloomed. 
As we have Princess van Orange patented, 
we will do our utmost to stop the Lens 
sport from being used here as it would 
be an infringement if it turns out to be, 
as I was told abroad, the same as De 
Ruiter's Princess van Orange. 

All the name variations and also 
distributors, reported by Mr. Le May in 
the magazine, are the original De Ruiter's 
Princess, but in two or three cases, the 
name Sliedrecht appears as originator 
because Sliedrecht was the general agent 
and manager of De Ruiter and effected 
all correspondence and shipments for him. 

As to Climbing Paul Grampel, there is 
as much difference between Gloria Mundi 
and Paul Grampel blooms as there is 
between Los Angeles and Radiance, and 
the difference is easily discovered by any- 
one familiar with the two Polyanthas, 
even though the color seems closely 
similar from a distance. 

— J. H. Nicolas, New York. 

Edmunds New Curator at Portland 

Members of the Society may be inter- 
ested in the final incident of our campaign 
with reference to the International Rose 
Test-Gardens in Portland, following Mr. 
Hieatt's report, and meetings of interested 
people here. Needless to say, this publi- 
city was a very valuable thing to spur into 
action all of the leaders in rose-culture in 
Portland. 

So that our meetings should not evapo- 
rate into empty resolutions, we formed a 
permanent organization known as the 
Portland Rose Council. This is a dele- 
gated body composed of representatives 
from each of the following: American 
Rose Society, Portland Rose Society, 
Royal Rosarians, 4-H Club, Chamber of 



Commerce, Portland Garden Club, Little 
Garden's Club. 

The cooperation of the City Commis- 
sioner in charge of public parks was 
obtained. Due to deplorable conditions 
of tax collecting, we were unable to have 
appropriations of the magnitude we 
desired included in the budget for next 
year. Nevertheless, we did obtain restor- 
ation of the fund provided by the city of 
Portland to purchase gold medals for 
exhibitors. We also assisted in having the 
budget increased to have all park em- 
ployees restored to a full six-day week. 
Also we convinced the City Council of the 
advisability of appointing a full-time 
Curator for the Test-Garden, and on 
September 19 an ordinance was adopted 
empowering the Commission in charge of 
the Bureau of Parks to make such an 
appointment. This ordinance became 
effective October 22, and I had the great 
pleasure, last evening, of delivering to 
Fred Edmunds official orders of his 
appointment as Curator. 

We are all full of enthusiasm over this 
appointment as we feel that it is fitting 
recognition of Mr. Edmunds' ability, 
knowledge, and experience. Also, it 
means that exhibitors from all over the 
world can have perfect confidence that 
their entries in the International Rose 
Test-Garden in Portland will receive the 
best scientific care, and will be judged 
fairly and capably. 

I write this letter to illustrate what can 
be accomplished when a group of deter- 
mined men and women make up their 
minds to strive for that which is good and 
proper. We are intensely conscious of 
what roses can mean to Portland, and we 
are at the dawn of a reawakening. Roses 
ignore political upheavals and economic 
depressions. Their beauty and fragrance 
provide refreshment of the spirit, and 
their culture is a delight to all who under- 
take it; also, there is a fraternity among 
those of us who got our feet wet which is 
really delightful. In other words, rose- 
culture provides a welcome escape from 
the obligations and worries of the day. 
— David Robinson, Oregon, 

[Other letters from Portland friends express 
great satisfaction at the appointment of Mr. 
Edmunds to this important work. — Editor.) 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



f 



Roses in Maine 

I have been growing roses for about 
thirty-five years, at first in this locality 
for a few years, mostly with the old 
Hybrid Perpetuals; then for eleven years 
in Portland, Ore., where they grow so 
easily; and then jfor the past seventeen 
years around here. I have been able to 
grow as large and as perfect Hybrid Teas 
here as in Portland. 

The winter protection is the whole 
thing here, and I am still experimenting 
to find the simplest, surest way to carry 
them through in good condition. Last 
winter Agnes (without protection) was 
killed to the ground, showed a bit of life 
in the early summer, and then died. 
Vanguard did a little better but killed 
to the ground. It has grown canes higher 
than my head this summer. Austrian 
Copper appears to be hardy here without 
protection to the ends of the shoots and 
was very beautiful when in bloom. 

Where can I obtain good strong plants 
of Mme. Melanie Soupert? After keeping 
a plant here in good shape for six years, 
I lost it last winter because of improper 
protection. A nice bloom of it is to me 
one of the most beautiful things among 
any of my Hybrid Teas, and I try to 
have most of the real good ones. 

— Carl W. Ross, Maine. 

Autumnal Roses in Iowa 

Thank you for the lovely silver and 
bronze medals I received recently. They 
are beautiful and I shall treasure them 
always. 

We have had a terrible summer for 
roses as well as everything else. With 
such intense heat for days at a time 
(108° to 109° and 110°— one day 114°) 
and then the terrible drought — pastures 
brown and bare all summer — no small 
grain — no corn — a summer even our 
oldest settlers had never seen before. So 
you may know how the roses suffered — 
no new growth all summer. About 
August 24 the rains began to come, and 
from then on the roses started to make 
up for lost time. How they have been 
blooming, and such immense blooms! 
Even the Hybrid Perpetuals are going to 
bloom again if the frost holds off. I have 



already picked a number of General 
Jacqueminots and still about a dozen 
buds on the bush. Also buds on Georg 
Arends, Druschki Rubra, Mrs. John Laing, 
Prince Camille de Rohan, Hugh Dickson, 
Annie CrawforcJ, Ulrich Brunner, Henry 
Nevard, and two plants of Paul's Scarlet 
Climber have about a dozen buds, also 
Mary Wallace. Even the little violets 
think it's spring and are blooming bravely. 

I have two Joyous Cavaliers and how 
they did stand the heat and drought! The 
blooms this fall have been beautiful and 
so very large and double. They are four 
years old and have proved so very satis- 
factory. Edith Nellie Perkins is another 
outstanding rose for me — marvelous 
blooms this fall. I wish you could have 
seen a Souvenir de Mme. C. Chambard 
bloom I had in June. I never expect to 
see a more perfect rose — every petal 
beautiful! How I do love roses! 

May I tell you how very much I enjoy 
the Rose Magazine and the Rose Annual? 
Anything about roses is simply devoured. 
I haven't a great many — about 75 — 
mostly Hybrid Perpetuals, and some of 
those twenty years old. 

— Mrs. J. H. Van Vliet, Iowa. 

Lighting Rose-Gardens 

The lighting of small rose-gardens may 
be successfully accomplished by means of 
floodlighting from above. For example, a 
floodlight could be placed under an eave, 
on the roof of the house, in a tree, or on 
any building of sufficient height. In the 
case of a small garden, another convenient 
place would be on an arbor or trellis 
which is located near the center of one 
end. 

The amount of light would vary with 
the size of the garden and the distance 
the light would be from the garden. It is 
my belief that 500 watts is the maximum 
amount that should be used in any one 
unit, and perhaps 300 watts would be 
enough. The reason for not using too 
intense a light on the garden is that some 
roses do not show their true colors under 
artificial light. 

It is impossible to give any positive 
plans or directions when the exact condi- 
tions are not known, but it is possible to 



i» . 



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THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



arrange very effective lighting for any 
garden. 

The lighting of a larger garden, or a 
municipal garden, would be a different 
problem because then it would be neces- 
sary to use two or more* lights in order 
that the amount of light would be even 
over the whole garden. In cases of the 
large gardens, it would be necessary to 
use standards or some other method of 
elevating the lamps. It has been my 
experience that each installation must be 
studied in order to get the best results. 
— M. C. Parker, Oregon. 

Hartford Roses 

Last fall I had several photos taken in 
Elizabeth Park about October 10. One 
of them showed a group of Lady Ursula 
6 feet tall, well loaded with blooms, and 
all well foliaged. 

On October 8, this year, the same bed 
of plants had 119 blooms or buds suffi- 
ciently developed for cutting. Padre, 
which last year at the same date showed 
little foliage and few blooms, is in about 
the same condition this year and will 
soon go into discard. 

On October 8, there were only four 
blooms on 44 plants. The count on others 
may be of interest: Duchess of Welling- 
ton, 30 plants, 52 blooms; Konigin 
Carola, 35 plants, 50 blooms; Radiance, 
24 plants, 53 blooms. (These stand 6 feet 
tall, so one really does not need to stoop 
to enjoy their fragrance. All plants are, 
of course, cut back to 5 inches each 
spring.) Miss Cynthia Forde, 38 plants, 
59 blooms; Lady Pirrie (4J^ ft.), 44 
plants, 58 blooms; Etoile de Hollande, 
35 plants, 44 blooms; Padre, 44 plants, 
4 blooms; Jonkheer J. L. Mock, 42 plants, 
127 blooms; General MacArthur, 25 
plants, 38 blooms; White Killarney, 40 
plants, 95 blooms; Mme. Leon Pain (3 to 
33^-ft. tree with 4>^-in. blooms), 40 
plants, 142 blooms; Mrs. Wakefield 
Christie-Miller, 11 plants, 28 blooms; 
Lady Alice Stanley, 4 plants, 6 blooms; 
Augustine Guinoisseau (some 43-^ to 5 
inches broad), 24 plants, 59 blooms; 
Mrs. G. Gordon, 35 plants, 65 blooms; 
Silvia, 38 plants, 44 blooms; Condesa de 
Sastago, 1 flaming bloom on each plant. 
— E. A. PiESTER, Connecticut. 



Rose Show in Little Rock 

We had a very fine little rose show here 
on October 15 at the Woman's City Club. 
There were 250 persons who registered 
and not less than 100 who failed to 
register. In other words, between 350 
and 400 persons, including Little Rock's 
finest citizens, attended this exhibit. 

The sad part about the rose show was 
the fact that we were showing Texas 
roses, but what does that matter as long 
as they were real roses? Mrs. Godfrey, on 
her return from Texas, brought approxi- 
mately twenty-five different varieties 
such as: Julien Potin, Token, Patience, 
Independence Day, Edith Nellie Perkins, 
Impress, Caledonia, Comtesse Vandal, 
Mary Hart, and Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont, 
and many others. Although these roses 
had been cut for 48 hours they were in 
excellent condition when put on display. 
Julien Potin especially drew much favor- 
able comment. 

My roses were about through blooming. 
Nevertheless, I was able to exhibit, in a 
mixed vase, some fourteen varieties, such 
as: Margaret McGredy, McGredy's Scar- 
let, Charles P. Kilham, Joanna Hill, Mrs. 
Lovell Swisher, Lady Barnby, Miss 
Rowena Thom, and others. 

These roses, even though they were my 
ow^n, were as nearly perfect as any I have 
ever seen. Joanna Hill was the drawing 
card. It is about as beautiful a rose as I 
have ever witnessed. I am a great 
admirer of that variety as well as the 
others mentioned. 

Two roses created a great sensation 
recently with me. I had in my living- 
room a Margaret McGredy which mea- 
sured in excess of 63^ inches across with- 
out showing any center, tip to tip of 
petals; a Mrs. Lovell Swisher approxi- 
mately 53^ inches across, and a Joanna 
Hill more than 4 inches. I am a great 
admirer of Mrs. Lovell Swisher. It 
carries a truly wonderful fragrance, and 
while I have ten plants in my garden, I 
hope to plant twenty in a single bed 
next year. 

It is our hope that next spring we can 
create additional interest by holding a 
rose show, and showing only roses grown 
in Arkansas and Little Rock. This show 
probably will be held the last week in 



May when our roses are at their best. 
The recent show has brought out many 
inquiries, and I feel certain will be the 
means of producing a great deal of interest 
with regard to more planting as well as 
planting roses.— J. E. Greutter, Arkansas. 

Black-Spot in Middle West 

I was somewhat interested in the 
article in the Annual by Dr. H. R. Rosen, 
Professor of Plant Pathology at the Univer- 
sity oi Arkansas, in which he stated that 
Massey dust on roses was ineffective in 
the Middle West, and that this was due 
to the extremely dry and high tempera- 
ture prevalent here. 

I don't know of any year that has been 
hotter and drier than the past summer, 
and I have used Massey dust 100 per cent. 
After every rain, which was darned 
seldom, or every time I sprinkled the 
rose bushes with a hose, I dusted them 
again with Massey dust. I am free to say 
that we had no black-spot until cool 
weather started. About September 1, 
when we started to get some rain and the 
weather changed to lower temperatures, 
we began to get black-spot on roses of the 
type of Lady Margaret Stewart. Even 
though I dusted, the black-spot got a 
pretty good start on three or four bushes 
of that type. 

I am confident that my experience has 
been quite the contrary to Dr. Rosen's, 
and that this fungous growth does not 
increase so readily in the extremely dry 
and hot summer months as it does during 
the cool weather or when rain is more 
prevalent than it was this summer. 

— W. L. HuTTON, St. Louis. 

Suggestion 

Why have there not been prizes for 
growth of roses as well as for blooms? A 
prize for the largest cane; a prize for the 
greatest total length of canes; a prize for 
the greatest growth of one-year, two- 
year, three-year plants, budded or own 
roots. In no case should these canes be 
cut for exhibition. The Prize Committee 
would visit the roses and measure them 
in place. Affidavits of their past history 
should be required. 

— Samuel E. Asbury, Texas. 



P. of P. 



A gentleman, who writes every now 
and again in the Rose Magazine, seems 
to get peeved that we amateurs should 
express our opinion on roses in Proof of 
the Pudding. He wants to know how many 
petals, when we say too few; he wants to 
know what kind of rootstock, what kind 
of soil, etc. If you tried to put all this 
information in, it would make Proof of 
the Pudding take up the w^hole Annual. I 
admit I am an amateur and have a lot 
to learn about roses, but I have been 
growing them for more than twenty 
years, and have about 300 plants. So far 
I have been fairly fortunate in winning 
prizes at the rose shows in our part of the 
state. Some of the writers for Proof of 
the Pudding that I am acquainted with I 
know have had more experience than I 
have had, and I think that most of them 
are men and women of long experience. 
The P. of P. helps in selection of roses 
best suited for one's section of country. 
I read it very carefully. 

In regard to rose stocks, I think that is 
something for the dealers to attend to. 
They should put a rose on a stock most 
suitable for that particular variety, or on 
stocks most suitable for that section of 
the country to which they are shipping 
roses. — M. H. Bickson, Virginia. 

Missionary Work 

I live in a middle-class neighborhood 
where all garden work is done by property 
owners themselves. Every Rose Annual 
starts out with a plea to further advance- 
ment of the rose. I have worked out a 
system that has proved very successful. 
If a neighbor likes a certain rose, I don't 
frighten him by saying "You have to dig 
so deep, and spray with this, cut and 
prune that way, get the rose from this or 
that nursery." I could go on with so 
many do's and don't's that by the time 
I'd be through talking with him he would 
be afraid of roses and wouldn't even 
bother to spend a nickel on the best rose 
bush that could be bought. When you 
try to approach a man by that means you 
make him afraid before he starts. 

My system is this: When I see a 
neighbor stop to admire a rose in my 






16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



17 



yard, I take him around to look at others, 
too. Nine out of ten times he will say, 
"Gee, I wish I could grow roses like that." 
Then I take him back to the first rose he 
admired, cut the bloom, and say, "Maybe 
we can start a bush for you." I put it in 
the ground under a fruit-jar and try to 
start an own-root plant for him. If it 
grows, I give him the bush. Before long 
he has become so interested he is asking 
for all kinds of information and buying a 
lot of bushes. In my neighborhood there 
are fourteen people with an average of 15 
to 20 bushes each, w^here two years ago 
there weren't any rose bushes in the 
neighborhood at all. It is simple. Get a 
bush into your neighbor's yard, and let 
it do the work. Say nothing about doing 
this or that, don't do this or don't do 
that. Curiosity will do the rest. 

— Omer W. Uebbing, Ohio. 

Judging in France 

The Sub-Commission constituted by 
the Jury of the International Concourse 
of New Roses at Bagatelle, at its meeting 
on June 9, convened at Bagatelle on 
September 25. At the earlier meeting it 
was decided that the Sub-Commission 
should report on M. Mallerin's proposi- 
tion demanding the suppression of the 
term ou decoratij in the text of the rules, 
which says, concerning the awarding of 
certificates: '^Tun d'entre eux est destine 
a recompenser un rosier sarmenteux ou 
bien un rosier botanique ou decoratij.'' 
Translated: "One of the prizes will be 
awarded to a climbing rose, or perhaps to 
a botanical or decorative variety." 

Discussion ensued between MM. 
Demorlaine, Turbat, Mallerin, and Nonin 
to determine to what roses one could 
attribute the term ''decoratij.'' Accord- 
ing to M. Turbat, Hybrid Perpetuals, 
Hybrid Teas, Teas, and Pernetianas are 
not decorative roses, but the following 
are: Climbers, everblooming or not. Hy- 
brid Wichuraianas, Polyanthas, Climbing 
Multifloras, and all species. 

M. Chausse said he believed that all 
roses were decorative and that the term 
''decoratij" ought not to be applied only 
to the rose itself but to the whole plant. 

M. le General de Vaulgrenant suggested 



that the word "decoratij" be replaced by 
"particularly decorative effect." 

M. Mallerin argued that a gold medal 
should not be awarded to a decorative 
rose, because, as a general rule, the 
flowers of such plants are not perfect. 

M. Muraour remarked that such a rose 
might turn up some time, and that pro- 
vision should be made, so the Jury could 
give it a proper award, if that should 
happen. 

M. Demorlaine read the rules concern- 
ing awards. It is said in these rules: 

"The gold medal offered by the city of 
Paris will be awarded to the rosarian who 
exhibits the rose judged most perfect by 
the Jury. . . . One of the certificates is 
reserved to be awarded to a climbing 
rose, or perhaps a botanical or decorative 
variety." 

M. Mallerin remarked that in the rule 
it is clearly specified that the gold medal 
ought to be bestowed on the rose and not 
on the rose bushy as had been done in 
previous contests. 

A discussion followed to decide whether 
a climbing sport or other mutation from 
an existing variety could be thus honored 
by the Jury. 

M. Mallerin contended that such roses 
ou j;ht not even to be presented. 

MM. Turbat and Nomblot stated that 
it is difficult to know at first glance 
whether a variety is a seedling or a sport, 
and asked that the award might be with- 
held from such varieties until after open- 
ing of the envelopes, in order to know the 
origin of the roses exhibited. This matter 
will have to be submitted to the Jury 
before the next meeting. 

The following amendment to the rules 
for awarding certificates to decorative 
roses was drawn up and unanimously 
adopted : 

Four certificates called "Certijicats du 
Concours de Roses de Bagatelle." 

(a) The First Certificate. 

(6) Three others carrying no number: 
"L'un d'entre eux est destine a recom- 
penser un rosier sarmenteux^ un rosier 
botanique ou decoratij^ c'est-a-dire dans ce 
dernier caSy un rosier qui, non seulement 
par sa fleur^ mais par son porty sa vigueur 
et son Jeuillage peut donner dans les 
jardins un effet particulierement decoratij, 



etant bien entendu neanmoins que pour 
une Jleury exceptionnellement bellcy ce 
rosier pourra pretendre a la Medaille d'or." 
Translated: "One of them is reserved for 
a climbing rose, a botanical, or a decora- 
tive rose; that is to say in the last case, 
that not only by its flower but also in its 
aspect, its vigor, and its foliage, the rose 
must give a particularly decorative effect 
in the garden. But it is understood that 
if its flower is exceptionally beautiful, a 
rose bush, in spite of other defects, may 
aspire to the Gold Medal." 



This text will be submitted to the 
Jury at its next meeting. 
— Report of Roseraie de Bagatelle, Paris. 

Opportunity 

I am wondering if you could assist me 
in finding a market for 16 of The Rose 
Annuals of the National Rose Society (of 
England). They are from 1916 to 1932 
inclusive, with the exception of 1917 
which I think was borrowed and not 
returned. My book-shelves are crowded 
and I'd like the room for constant accum- 
ulations. — D. M. Dunning, New York. 



Meeting of the Trustees, Harrisburg, Pa. 

October 29, 1934 



The following Officers and Trustees met in 
the office of the Secretary at 10 a.m.: Leonard 
Barron, presiding; Dr. J. H. Nicolas, Robert Pyle, 
Dr. T. Allen Kirk, Robert Simpson, Dr. J. 
Horace McFarland, S. S. Pennock, G. A. Stevens; 
also a guest, E. A. Piester. 

Regrets from: Richardson Wright, Alexander 
Gumming, Jr., Dr. S. S. SuIIiger, Rev. Earl 
William Benbow, Mrs. Ralph Orwig, Forrest L. 
Hieatt. 

In the absence of the President and Vice- 
President, Leonard Barron, as Vice-President- 
elect, was unanimously requested to take the 
chair. He opened the meeting at 10.15 a.m. 
and called for the minutes of the last meeting. 
The Secretary advised that the minutes of the 
meeting in Roanoke and of the later meeting in 
Portland were published in the Magazine and 
were available to all who cared to read them. 
In consideration of this, the reading was dis- 
pensed with. 

The Secretary presented the report of the 
Society's Prize Committee, recommending that 
the Trustees award the 1934 Gertrude M. 
Hubbard Gold Medal to L. B. Coddington for 
the rose President Herbert Hoover as the best 
American rose disseminated during the past five 
years. This award was unanimously confirmed 
upon motion by Dr. McFarland, seconded by 
Dr. Kirk. 

The Prize Committee also recommended that 
the Fuerstenberg Prize for 1934 be awarded to 
G. A. Stevens for the rose Vanguard. This also 
was unanimously confirmed upon motion by Dr. 
McFarland and seconded by Dr. Nicolas. 

The Secretary read a letter from Forrest L. 
Hieatt, Trustee, whom he had asked to investi- 
gate the circumstances surrounding the Bloom- 
field Medal, the die of which is not in the posses- 
sion of the Society. Mr. Hieatt wrote as follows 
regarding an interview which he had with Mrs. 
George C. Thomas's secretary: 

"I explained that the dies were the property 



of the Davidson Jewelry Company and were for 
sale and that I thought the Society should own 
them, but at present it had no funds with which 
to purchase the dies. I also suggested that it 
would be a nice thing for Mrs. Thomas to present 
them to the Society unless she preferred to offer 
the medals in the future as Capt. Thomas would 
have done had he lived. To this she agreed, and 
said that she thought it could be arranged after 
the medal in hand had been awarded. She felt 
sure that although the Davidson Company had 
the right to dispose of the dies, and that anyone 
else might buy them and present them to the 
Society, Mrs. Thomas would wish to be con- 
sulted before anything was done." 

In the discussion which ensued it was asked 
why the Bloomfield Medal had not been awarded, 
and the consensus seemed to be that no hardy 
everblooming rose of the type conceived by 
Capt. Thomas had been introduced which de- 
served the medal. After much discussion of 
present possibilities, it was resolved, upon 
resolution of Dr. Nicolas, that the members be 
asked to submit candidates among hardy ever- 
blooming climbing roses which they thought 
deserved the gold medal award. The Trustees* 
opinion was that the conditions of the award 
should be left as Capt. Thomas laid them down 
and that no modification should be made now. 

The Secretary presented the bill of Montague 
Free for expenses incurred in going to Hartford 
to act as judge at the Hartford Test-Garden. 
This precipitated a discussion of the whole 
Hartford matter, and E. A. Piester, Landscape 
Architect of the Hartford Park Department, 
explained the purpose of the garden and its 
hoped-for relation to the American Rose Society. 
Since the annual meeting in Boston when Mr. 
Piester first presented his proposition, the 
Society has had a tentative agreement to assign 
judges and make awards in the Hartford garden, 
but this arrangement has not been confirmed. 
Because the Hartford garden was accepted as an 









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THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



19 



oflicial test-garden of the American Rose Society 
in 1912, and the relation has lapsed rather 
than been broken off, because of the war and 
intervention of other matters, Dr. Kirk moved 
that the Hartford Test-Garden as it is now 
constituted be authorized as an A. R. S. Test- 
Garden and that the A. R. S. cooperate with 
the Park Department of the city of Hartford to 
the extent of judging the roses and making 
certain awards. Seconded by Mr. Pyle. Motion 

was carried. , , , i 

The Secretary then asked how many awards 
should be made at Hartford, whether gold 
medals should be given to every rose which 
rated 90 points or over in the opinion of the 
judges, or whether there should be one special 
award for Hartford the same as the one special 
award at the Bagatelle. This brought up a 
discussion of our present method of awarding 
medals and was referred to a committee which 
was set up to clarify that situation. , .„ ^ 

Dr. McFarland moved that the bill tor 
judging expenses presented by the Secretary be 
paid. Seconded by Mr. Pyle and the motion 
carried. The general opinion was that hereafter 
the judges should bear their own expenses. 

The Secretary asked authority to limit the $5 
membership offer for the remainder of 1934 and 
all of 1935 to new members only. Dr. Kirk made 
a motion to that effect which was seconded by 
Dr. Nicolas and carried. 

The Secretary read letters from John I. 
Newell, of Tampico, Mex., in regard to present- 
ing roses to the newly inaugurated President of 
Mexico at Chapultepec early next spring, in 
which he invited the A. R. S. to send its repre- 
sentative to make the presentation. He also 
read a letter from A. F. Watkins, President of 
the Dixie Rose Nursery, in which Mr. Watkins 
stated that the rose-growers of east Texas would 
provide the plants free. After some discussion 
of the desirability of promoting friendlv inter- 
national relations in the same way that the 
Society had done in the case of the King of 
Bulgaria and the Emperor of Abvssinia, it was 
agreed that it would be highly desirable to do 
but that the Society was not in position to incur 
the traveling expenses of a representative. Dr. 
Kirk and Dr. McFarland volunteered to make 
the trip at their own expense, and upon motion 
by Dr. Kirk, and seconded by Dr. McFarland, 
the Society agreed to cooperate with the Texas 
rose-growers and Mr. Newell by sending two 
representatives to Mexico who would bear their 
own expenses. 

The Secretary advised that it was not clear 
when the appointments of members to com- 
mittees expired and suggested that the general 
practice of appointing new committees at the 
beginning of each year be instituted. It was 
pointed out that some of the Society's committees 
had been standing unchanged for years and, in 
some cases, there had been some very inactive 
members. Dr. Nicolas moved that the appoint- 
ments of all committees should expire on Decem- 
ber 31 of each year except those committees 
which have been appointed for a definite term. 
And he further moved that the President be 
instructed to appoint new committees as soon as 



possible after he takes office. Both motions were 
seconded by Dr. Kirk and unanimously carried. 

The Secretary read a letter from Charles 
Sizemorc, Secretary of the American Association 
of Nurserymen, in regard to the alleged unethical 
practices of one of the American Rose Society's 
commercial members, suggesting that he be 
dropped from the Society. This matter was 
referred to Dr. McFarland to investigate through 
his connections in the vicinity in which the 
member lived. 

The Secretary brought up the cost ot awarding 
the gold medals with the suggestion that the 
gold medal of the Society be reserved as a medal 
of honor for conspicuous service to the rose, and 
that some other award be provided to take the 
place of the present gold medal. A great deal of 
spirited discussion followed, out of which finally 
emerged the opinion that the whole medal busi- 
ness needed a thorough revision, and that in view 
of the cost of gold it would be highly desirable 
to substitute for the gold medal some kind of 
diploma or certificate of honor. 

Dr. McFarland moved that the President be 
instructed to appoint a committee of three to 
recast the conditions under which the gold medals 
may be awarded and to devise or secure proper 
certificates to be used in place of medals. Sec- 
onded by Dr. Kirk and carried. 

The Hartford medal came into this discussion 
also and the matter of the Hartford award was 
referred to this same committee with the sug- 
gestion that the city of Hartford provide a medal 
or other award for the outstanding rose in the 
Test-Garden each year. It was also suggested 
that special designs be selected for the Van Fleet 
Medal, the Hubbard Medal, and the other special 
awards which the Society may have, keeping the 
Society's own gold medal for its own special 
purposes. It was agreed that the present silver 
and bronze medals should be contributed to the 
shows of Sustaining and Affiliated Societies. 

The Secretary showed the Trustees a plaquette 
submitted by the Medallic Art Company as a 
sample of a cheaper form of award which was 
very attractive. Mr. Pyle moved that the Secre- 
tary be authorized to obtain proposals from the 
Medallic Art Company and to secure a number 
of designs for such medals to be presented at the 
next meeting of the Trustees. Seconded by Dr. 
Kirk and the motion carried. 

The Secretary announced that the judges who 
had been appointed to examine certain roses 
growing in the nurseries of the Jackson & Perkins 
Company at Newark, N. Y., had awarded two 
gold meclals, and in view of the present discussion 
asked if these medals should be actually delivered. 
Dr. Nicolas, speaking for the Jackson & Perkins 
Company, advised that his Company would 
waive delivery of the actual medals provided 
that the new certificate of highest award which 
is to be prepared by the committee would be 
presented to them instead. 

The meeting adjourned at 12.30 for luncheon, 
and was continued afterwards in the Penn-Harris 
Hotel in Harrisburg. 

The Secretary presented an oral report on 
behalf of Dr. Whitman Cross, Chairman of the 
Committee on the National Rosarium which met 



J 



in WMhiii|Etoii on October 27. A apfcul groap 
of 29 to 3K) people was invited* m of wliom 
Attended. The eoope and purpoee of the Rosar- 
ium project were diacuased in order that those 
present might have a dearer idea of what it was 
aO about. Several of the Trustees were present 
at tile meetnig and they, in common with the 
others, unnnimottsly screed that theproject was 
worthy and deservea support. Ine general 
opinion was that the present committee had 
done good work and should continue to the 
extent of acquiring, if possible, tentative plans 
and deskns u>r the garoen ti» well as more data 
in regard to the site under consideration, which 
might be put into a pro^ form for presenting 
to anyone who might be interested in contribut- 
ing to the fund necessarv for its eatabtishment. 
Fttiowing luncheon at tne Cosmos Qub, those 
who had not seen the tract under consideration 
were given an opportunity to go over the ground. 

The Chairman asked for comments on the 
report^ and Dr. Nicolas stated that he had gone 
over the tract with the partv the Saturday before 
and found it hiiddy desirable and full of all kinds 
of ponibilities Tor the development of a proper 
Bosarium. In the conversation which followed 
the work of the Committee was indorsed and 
the report accepted. 

The Secretary presented invitations from the 
following cities for its annual meeting in 193$: 
Philaddbhia, Pa.; Washington, D. C; St. Louis, 
Mo.: Cleveland, Ohio; Des Moines, Iowa; 
Rochester, N. Y.; and toe Georgia Rose Society. 
A long and very earnest discussion followed. 
After much aigument it was decided that it 
would be desirable to have a national convention 
in the spring in addition to the annual mee^ng. 
Dr. McFarland moved that the Secretary be 
authorized to conclude arrangements for the 
spriof; conference in Georioa and for the annual 
meetmg in Rochester, fi^Y- hi 1935 at a date 
when it would be most convenient. Se^nded by 
Dr» Nicolas. The motion was carried. 

'^r. P^e asked Mr. Simpson, Chairman of the 
Registration Committee, why the Registration 
Committee had refused registration to the name 
FIu£^ Rttffiei and had accM>ted Permanent 
\Vave. Mr. Simpson adnuttecl regretfully that 
his Committee had not been as alert as it might 
have been wheii it approved the registration of 
Permanent Wave* and he asked now far his 
Committee mi|^ be permhted to go in reiecting 
names which seemed inappropriate, siuy, or 
undignified. This brought up the question 
whether Permanent Wave should be registered 
at a^ since the rose is known abroad as Mevrouw 
van Straaten van Ne% and in order to get action 
on the matter the Secretarv moved that the 
registration of Permanent Wave be withdrawn 
because it was in direct violation of Rules 5 and 
10 of the Rules of Nomenclature and Registra- 
tion. A vigorous discussion ensued in which Mr. 
Nicolas contended that as introducers of foreimi 
roses, his company had the ri^ht to chaise tne 
name of a rose when it was introduced m this 
countiy, and maintained that in the case of 
President Charles Ham, alias Amelia Earhart, 
and MevToitw van Straaten van Nes, alias 
Permanent Wave, and Mrs. Arthur Curtks 



James^ alias Golden Climber, they acted in good 
faith, that the originators had authoriaeed thtm 
to name the roses with the understanding that 
they would not be named differently by them. 
Mr. I^^rle contended that introducers of foreign 
roses m this eountryi if handling a good rose 
from abroad with an unpronounceable name, 
could be expected to. adopt, in addition to the 
name of the originator, also a name that would 
be practical for the use of the American people, 
and that if he had been forced to keep the name 
Mme. Gregoire Staechelin entirely; the sales of 
the variety would have been matenaUy reduced, 
whereas by calling it Spanish Beauty he was 
able to distribute a good rose much more widely. 
Dr. McFarland and other members pointed out 
that such methods could lead oniy to confusion. 

Other instances were brought up as in the 
case of several roses to be introduced by Henry 
A. Dreer, including Goldener Traum vfrom 
Germany which has hem sent out as Golden 
Treasure and is now to be introduced as Golden 
Dream; and the case of Geheimrat Duisberg 
alias Golden Rapture, and Wilhelm Breder aUas 
Glowing Sunset. Ttic Secretary pointed out that 
this practice has been growing m the last three or 
our years and that if it is not stopped the situa- 
tion will become worse than it was before the 
Registration Committee was established. Mr. 
Pennock stated that the practice of changing 
names was very bad, and tnat while in the cases 
under discussion there might be some justifica- 
tion, a general precedent of the land sm>uld jiot 
be established, and that it was most ur{»nt that 
it be stopped^ The general feeling of the Trustees 
was that the niles for refj^ration should be 
supported, and that the Registration Committee 
should stand firmly upon the rules as established. 
Upon calling for the question, the motion was 
defeated 7-£ 

The meeting adjourned at 3.30 fM. 

G. A. SrBVBN8» Stentary. 

Potooiac Rose Society 

This second annual Potomac Rose Show, 
October 3' and 6, held in the foyer of the New 
National Museum, Washington, D. C, Con- 
stitution Avenue and Tenth Street, Northwest, 
received a total of 716 separate rose ethibitSr 
made^ by 123 different indrviduab or gi^oups of 
individuals, of which approximately 30 were fcnr 
members of the Potomac Rose Society and S3 
by rose folks not yet memben. During the two 
days, 5,118 people came in the rain to see the 



The exhibit consisted of five divisions: Out- 
of-door roses in siiules, vaseis, and baskets, of 
which there were 425; greenhouse roses in singles, 
vases, and baskets, 51; new and unnamed roses, 
9; couection of proved roses, old and new varie- 
tM% containing 204 specimens; vases fifled with 
roses of the dinerent colors to visuaOze the con- 
tribution of the color and style of the container 
to the rose bouquet in the home, 27; the hafl 
setting, including rose vases. 

After 17 incbra of rain in September, followed 
by cool weather, that we could have the 




I':.- 
r„,- 

% 



IS 



nii: AMLRiCAN Kosi: ma(;azini:: 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



19 



(»llici.il tcst-^.irdcii of the Amcric-.in Kosc Sociit v 
in l'>12, .111(1 tli<' rcl.ition li.is l;i|)s((l ratlu i 
tli.iii !)(•» II IjrokcM oil, Ixc.iusc of tin- w.ir .•nul 
iiitcrvciitioii olOllur matters, Dr. Kirk inovtd 
th.it ihc ll.utlord I'cst-G.irdcn as it is now 
foiislitiitc'd l)r aiitliori/cd as an A. K. S. Vvsl- 
(jardcn and tiiat t li<' A. K. S. cociixratf with 
llic Park l)r|)artni( lit ol the city of Hart lord to 
the (xt* nt ol jud^inji; t iu' rosrs and making 
ortain awards. Srcondcd I>y Mr. P.vif. Motion 

was tar ricd. 

The Secretary tluii asked iiow many awards 
should be made at liartlord, whetlur ^^old 
medals should be ^iven to every rose which 
rated '><> |)oints or over in the opinion ol x\n- 
judges, or whether there should be one s|)ec-ial 
.iward lor liartlord tlu' same as the one special 
.iward at the Ba<^atelle. This brought U|) a 
discussi<.n of our present nut hod ol awardiiiti 
medals and was relerred to a committee which 
was set up to clarify that situation. 

Dr. Mci-'arland moved that the bill lor 
jud^injj; i\|)enses |>resented by the Sicretary be 
paid. Seconded by Mr. Pyle and the motion 
carried. The general opinion was that herc-alter 
the judges should bear their own ex|)enses. 

The Secretary asked authority to limit Hie St 
membershi|) oiler lor the remainder of Wi4 and 
all ol l<>iT to new members only. Dr. Kirk madi' 
a motion to thai ellect which was seconded by 
Dr. Nicolas and carried. 

The Secretary read letters from John I. 
Newell, olTampico, \le\., in regard to present- 
ing roses to the newly inau*!;!! rated l^resident ol 
Mexico at ( :iiapulte|)c-c early next s|M-in^, in 
which he invited the A. R. S. lo send its repre- 
sentative to make- the i)resentat ion. lie also 
read a letter from A. \\ Watkins, IVesident()l 
the Dixie Kose Nursery, in which Mr. Watkins 
staled that the rosi--;4rowers ol east Texas would 
provide the |)lants Iree. After some discussion 
of the desirability of promoting friendly inter- 
national relations in the same way that the 
Society had done in the case of the Kinj^ ol 
Bul<z;aria and the iMnperor of Abyssinia, it was 
aj^rc'^ecl that it would be highly desirable to do 
but that the Society was not in position to incur 
the traveling expenses of a representative. Dr. 
Kirk and Dr. Mcl\irland voiuntc-ered to m.-ike 
the trip at their own ex|)ense, and uj^on motion 
by Dr. Kirk, and sc-conded by Dr. McFarland, 
the Society aj^reed to coo|)erate with the Texas 
rose-^rowcrs and Mr. Newell by sending two 
representatives lo Mexico who would bear their 
own expenses. 

The Secretary advised that it was not clear 
when the ap|)oIntments of mc-mbers to com- 
millees ex|)ired and suggested that the general 
practice of ap|)()inlinp; new committees at the 
beginning of each year be instituted. It was 
pointed out that some of the Soclc-ty's committees 
had been standing unchanged for years and, in 
some cases, there had been some very inactive 
members. Dr. Nicolas moved that the a|)poInt- 
ments of all committees should expire cjn Decem- 
ber 51 of each year except those committees 
which have been appointed for a definite term. 
And he further moved that the President be 
Instructed to appoint new committees as soon as 



possible alter he takes ollice-. Bolii motions were- 
seconded l)y Dr. Kirk and unanimously carried. 

The Secretary read a letter from Charles 
Si/.emor-e, Secrelarv of the Arne-rlcan Association 
of Nurserymen, in regard to the allege-d unet hical 
practices of (»ne' of the American Kose Society's 
commercial membe-rs, suggesting that he- be 
dropiKcl from the- Society. This matter was 
referred to Dr. Mcl'arland to investigate through 
his connections in the vicinity in which the 
member lived. 

The Se-cretarv brought up the cost ol awarding 
the gold medals with the suggestion that t he 
gold medal of t he Society be reserved as a medal 
of honor for conspicuous service to the rose, and 
that some other award be- provided to take the 
place of the present gold medal. A gre-at deal of 
spirited discussion followed, out of which linally 
emerged the opinion that the whole meckil busi- 
ness needed a thorough re-vision, and that In view 
of the cost of gold it would be highly de-slrable 
to substitute- for the- gold me-dal some kind ol 
dll^loma or cerlilicate ol honor. 

Dr. ,\lcl\irland moved that the President be 
Instructed to ap|)oint a committee ol three to 
recast the- conditions under which the gold medals 
may be awarded and to de-vise or secure proper 
certllicates to be used in place- of medals. Sec- 
onde-d by Dr. Kirk and carried. 

The I lartford medal came Into this discussion 
also and the matter of the Hartford award was 
referred to this same committee with the sug- 
gestion that the city of I lartford provide a medal 
or other award for the outstanding rose in the 
Test-Garde-n each year. It was also suggested 
that special designs" be selc-cted for the Van Me-et 
Medal, the- I lubbard Medal, and the other special 
awai-ds which the Society may have, keeping t he 
Society's own gold medal for its own special 
purposes. It was agreed that the present silver 
and bron/e medals should be contributed to the 
shows of Sustaining and Alliliated Societies. 

The Se-cretarv showed the Trustees a placiuette 
submitted by the Medallic Art Company as a 
sami)le of a cheaper form of award which was 
very attractive. Mr. Pyle moved that the Secre- 
tary be authorized to obtain i)rope)saIs Irom the 
Medallic Art C^ompany and to secure a number 
of cleslgns for such me-dals to be presented at t he- 
next meeting of the Trustees. Seconded by Dr. 
Kirk and the motion carried. 

The Secretary announced that the judges wh(. 
had been appointed to examine certain roses 
growing In the nurseries e)f the Jackson & Perkins 
Company at Newark, N. Y., had awarded two 
gold medals, and in view of the present discussion 
asked If these medals should be actually delivered. 
Dr. Nicolas, speaking for the Jackson & Perkins 
C^ompany, advised that his Company would 
waive delivery of the actual medals provlcled 
that the- new certilicate of highest award which 
Is to be- pre|)ared by the committee would be 
presented to them Instead. 

The meeting adjourned at 12.30 for luncheon, 
and was continued afterwards in the Penn-1 larrls 
1 lotel In I larrlsburg. 

The Secretary presented an oral report on 
behalf of Dr. Whitman Cross, Chairman of t he- 
Committee on the National Rosarium which me t 



in Washington on October 27. A special group 
of 25 to 30 people was invited, 20 of whom 
attended. The scope and purpose of the Rosar- 
ium project were discussed in orJer that those 
present might have a clearer idea of what it was 
all about. Several of the Trustees were present 
at the meeting and they, in common with the 
others, unanimously agreed that the project was 
worthy and deserved support. Tne general 
opinion was that the present committee had 
done good work and should continue to the 
extent of acquiring, if possible, tentative plans 
and designs for the garden as well as more data 
in regard to the site under consideration, which 
might be put into a proper form for presenting 
to anyone who might be interested in contribut- 
mg to the fund necessary for its establishment. 
Following luncheon at tne Cosmos Club, those 
who had not seen the tract under consideration 
were given an opportunity to go over the ground. 

The Chairman asked for comments on the 
report, and Dr. Nicolas stated that he had gone 
over the tract with the party the Saturday before 
and found it highly desirable and full of all kinds 
of possibilities for the development of a proper 
Rosarium. In the conversation which followed 
the work of the Committee was indorsed and 
the report accepted. 

The Secretary presented invitations from the 
following cities for its annual meeting in 1935: 
Philadelphia, Pa.; Washington, D. C; St. Louis, 
Mo.; Cleveland, Ohio; Des Moines, Iowa; 
Rochester, N. Y.; and the Georgia Rose Society. 
A long and very earnest discussion followed. 
After much argument it was decided that it 
would be desirable to have a national convention 
in the spring in addition to the annual meeting. 
Dr. McFarland moved that the Secretary be 
authorized to conclude arrangements for the 
spring conference in Georgia and for the annual 
meeting in Rochester, N. Y., in 1935 at a date 
when it would be most convenient. Seconded by 
Dr. Nicolas. The motion was carried. 

Mr. Pyle asked Mr. Simpson, Chairman of the 
Registration Committee, why the Registration 
Committee had refused registration to the name 
Fluffy Ruffles and had accepted Permanent 
\Vave. Mr. Simpson admitted regretfully that 
his Committee had not been as alert as it might 
have been when it approved the registration of 
Permanent Wave, and he asked now far his 
Committee might be permitted to go in rejecting 
names which seemed inappropriate, silly, or 
undignified. This brought up the question 
whetner Permanent Wave should be registered 
at all, since the rose is known abroad as Mevrouw 
van Straaten van Nes, and in order to get action 
on the matter the Secretary moved that the 
registration of Permanent Wave be withdrawn 
because it was in direct violation of Rules 5 and 
10 of the Rules of Nomenclature and Registra- 
tion. A vigorous discussion ensued in which Mr. 
Nicolas contended that as introducers of foreign 
roses, his company had the right to change the 
name of a rose when it was introduced in this 
country, and maintained that in the case of 
President Charles Hain, alias Amelia Earhart, 
and Mevrouw van Straaten van Nes, alias 
Permanent Wave, and Mrs. Arthur Curtiss 



James, alias Golden Climber, they acted in good 
faith, that the originators had authorized tnem 
to name the roses with the understanding that 
they would not be named differently by them. 
Mr. Pyle contended that introducers of foreign 
roses in this country, if handling a good rose 
from abroad with an unpronounceable name, 
could be expected to adopt, in addition to the 
name of the originator, also a name that would 
be practical for the use of the American people, 
and that if he had been forced to keep the name 
Mme. Gregoire Staechelin entirely, the sales of 
the variety would have been materially reduced, 
whereas by calling it Spanish Beauty he was 
able to distribute a good rose much more widely. 
Dr. McFarland and other members pointed out 
that such methods could lead only to confusion. 

Other instances were brought up as in the 
case of several roses to be introduced by Henry 
A. Dreer, including Goldener Traum from 
Germany which has been sent out as Golden 
Treasure and is now to be introduced as Golden 
Dream; and the case of Geheimrat Duisberg 
alias Golden Rapture, and Wilhelm Breder alias 
Glowing Sunset. The Secretary pointed out that 
this practice has been growing in the last three or 
our years and that if it is not stopped the situa- 
tion will become worse than it was before the 
Registration Committee was established. Mr. 
Pennock stated that the practice of changing 
names was very bad, and tnat while in the cases 
under discussion there might be some justifica- 
tion, a general precedent of the kind should not 
be established, and that it was most urgent that 
it be stopp)ed. The general feeling of the Trustees 
was that the rules for registration should be 
supported, and that the Registration Committee 
should stand firmly upon the rules as established. 
Upon calling for the question, the motion was 
defeated 7-2. 

The meeting adjourned at 3.30 p.m. 

G. A. Stevens, Secretary. 

Potomac Rose Society 

This second annual Potomac Rose Show, 
October 5 and 6, held in the foyer of the New 
National Museum, Washington, D. C, Con- 
stitution Avenue and Tenth Street, Northwest, 
received a total of 716 separate rose exhibits, 
made by 123 different individuals or groups of 
individuals, of which approximately 30 were by 
members of the Potomac Rose Society and 93 
by rose folks not yet members. During the two 
days, 5,118 people came in the rain to see the 
roses. 

The exhibit consisted of five divisions: Out- 
of-door roses in singles, vases, and baskets, of 
which there were 425; greenhouse roses in singles, 
vases, and baskets, 51; new and unnamed roses, 
9; collection of proved roses, old and new varie- 
ties, containing 204 specimens; vases filled with 
roses of the different colors to visualize the con- 
tribution of the color and style of the container 
to the rose bouquet in the home, 27; the hall 
setting, including rose vases. 

After 17 inches of rain in September, followed 
by cool weather, that we could have the showing 



INTENTIONAL SECOND EXPOSURE 



20 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



of outdoor roses which took place is a tribute to 
the interest of the rose men and women of this 
area in the rose event. 

—Dr. J. A. Gamble, Washington, 
Chairman Exhibit Committee. 

Portland Rose Society 

The fall rose show of the Portland Rose 
Society was held October 4 and 5, in the audi- 
torium of Meier & Frank Company's store. 
Although not quite as large as the show last 
year, the roses were more beautiful and by many 
the display was considered the finest in recent 
years. A special exhibit of several hundred 
exquisite roses grown by the Park Bureau and 
arranged by Mr. Fred Edmunds, the new curator 
of the International Test-Garden, occupied one 
entire end of the auditorium. A hirge display of 
roses from the garden of the Royal Rosarians at 
Washington Park was staged at the opposite end 
of the hall. 

On two large tables, artistically arranged, 
were the displays of the children. Mr. Charles 
J. Weber, who has charge of the 4-H Club work 
in the schools, assisted the children in placing 
their entries. Mr. Parker, Chairman of the show, 
who has been interested in the 4-H work for 
several years, was especially pleased with the 
fine showing the children made. 

The Royal Rosarians introduced rose-growing 
into our schools several years ago, and the 
splendid work that they have done is beginning 



to bear fruit. This year severa lof the children 

exhibi 

prizes 



exhibited roses in 



5 year 

tne i 



amateur class and won 



Several beautiful exhibits were prepared by 
commercial growers. The largest was that of the 
Lambert Gardens. Other outstanding displays 
were those arranged by George L. Baker, Inc., 
Tommy Luke, Nick's Flower Home, Clarke 
Brothers, Niklas & Son, and Roy Hennessey, 
of Hillsboro. 

The grand sweepstakes was won by Mrs. H. H. 
Foskett with her magnificent Comtesse Vandal. 
The sweepstakes in the 4-H Club went to Joy 
Thompson of the Capitol Hill School. 

Mr. C. M. Parker was General Chairman of 
the show. Mr. Clarence Porter had charge of 
the music and stage effects. Other members of 



the staging committee were Mrs. J. C. Ainsworth, 
Mrs. J. Karnopp, Mrs. E. F. Smith, and Mrs. 
George Walters. 

Members of the Entries Committee were Mrs. 
Daniel Heffner, Chairman; Mrs. E. M. Blanding, 
Mrs. M. C. Mercer, Mrs. Charles Clumpner, 
and Mrs. S. S. Montague. 

The Judges of the show were Mrs. J. J. 
Merrill, of Hillsboro, Chairman; Ben Maxwell, 
of Salem; E. Dering, of Scappoose; L. M. Jones, 
of Vancouver, Wash.; Roy Hennessey, of Hills- 
boro; Mrs. S. S. Montague, of Portland; and 
David Robinson, of Portland. 

Judges of the 4-H Club exhibits were Mr. 
Frank Emery, Chairman, of Portland; Mrs. Ben 
Maxwell, of Salem; and Mr. Quimby L. Mat- 
thews, of Portland. 

Mr. E. V. Creed, President of the Portland 
Rose Society, was present and assisted during 
the show. The judgmg was done under the rules 
of the American Rose Society. 

Port Arthur Rose Club 

The Port Arthur Rose Club held their second 
annual rose show on Saturday, November 12, 
in the lobby of The First National Bank of Port 
Arthur. There were 93 entries for prizes, and 
the Port Arthur Rose Club exhibited many of 
the new roses for inspection of the visitors. 

Thousands visited the show from 9 a.m. until 
9 P.M., the Bank keeping open house for the 
benefit of the thousands who could not visit the 
show during the day. 

There were 13 prizes given by the business- 
men of the city, and some of them very valuable. 

Everyone pronounced it a success, and many 
visitors were surprised at the magnificent display 
of beautiful roses. 

Strange as it may seem to you people of the 
West and East, Francis Scott Key predominated 
in number and form. It seems to do better here 
in hot, dry summers than any other rose grown, 
having a deep glossy sheen seen on few other 
roses, and consequently almost universally 
popular throughout this district. 

The Judges of the show were Mrs. R. H. 
Woodworth, Mrs. Thomas W. Hughen, and T. 
A. Butler. Their scores did not vary 5 points on 
any of the prize-winners. — T. A. Butler, Texas. 



Continued from page 2 



carefully selected and accurately colored 
lantern slides, which are maintained for 
their use. The charge for each use is $10. 
There are still dates open when these 
lectures might be put to use by Garden 
Clubs, local Rose Societies, or interested 
individuals. Please wjite to the Secretary 
for further information. 

The Spring Convention 

Readers who are patient eaough to 
pore through the small type at the back 
of this issue will discover that the Society 



is going to hold a National Convention in 
Atlanta, Georgia, next April. It will not 
be the annual meeting, but it will include 
all the instructive and entertaining fea- 
tures which go with the annual meeting; 
but there will be no committee reports 
and no voting. That business will be 
reserved for the regular annual meeting 
in Rochester, New York, in September. 

Atlanta is a lovely place in spring. 
There are grand gardens to see, and 
charming people to meet. Better lay 
your plans now to be there. 



January-February, 1935 




^^^K^ Editedhy 

J. Horace McFarland ^ 
and G.A.Steveni^ ' '"'^ ^^* ^ 



.r^ 




Qetting inili[)^033 

No ONE of the twenty years during which the American 
Rose Society has been a major interest in my life has ever 
opened as does this New Deal Depression-busting Year of 
1935. There is rose-activity in the air, in the mails, in the pic- 
tures that come to the Editorial offices. Perhaps this buoyant 
feeling is in anticipation of the completely "done-over" rose- 
garden at Breeze Hill, made necessary by the 1934 February 
freezes; perhaps it is the rounding-up, the fruition of this score 
of years of rose-effort, rose-activity. 

Whatever be the reason, I'm smiling forward, and passing 
on my optimism to every member who believes in the rose, and 
who hopes for better roses this year, as well as better times. 

The Secretary asks me to invite annual members to become 
life members. I do so invite a full hundred to send, each of them, 
the $60 that will end the bother of annual dues paying, and 
will also strengthen the Society's cash position. Come right 
along! If you have sent us $3.50 for 1935, a check for $56.50 
more will do the trick. 

A great Annual is in the making. A great rose-year is opening. 
Get a friend, two friends, more friends, to come in with you. 
You'll enjoy having their thanks for better roses; we will be 
extending our unpaid effort to make the rose universal in America. 



\ 







Jfy^2^MjkS? ^AM(M 



'utiishedty The American Rose Society, Harrisburi, Pa. 

2,5< a copy • $1.50 a year 




./ 



4' :f ^k-r 




THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 
and G. A. Stevens 

Published bi-montbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg, Pa. 



Subscription price: To members of the American Rose 
Society 75 cts. a year, 15 cts. a copy, wbicb amount is 
included in the annual dues of S^.so- 

To all others: $1.50 a year, 25 cts. a copy. 

Entered as second-class matter at the PostOlIice at Harris- 
burg, Pa., under the act of March 3, 1879. 

Vol. I, No. 13 1935 January-February 

Membership Dues 

In the November-December Magazine 
the Editor and the Secretary urged all 
members to pay their dues promptly, thus 
avoiding the expense of preparing and 
mailing individual bills, because every 
saving that can be made in postage and 
office expense can be devoted to improv- 
ing the Annual and the Magazine. 

The response to this request has been 
gratifying but still about three-quarters of 
the members' dues are unpaid for 1935. 

Hoping to make it easier, we have put 
a coupon on the last page to be used in 
paying dues and to serve as a reminder. 

New Members 

Really interested rose-growers are in- 
vited to membership. We need many 
more such, and the officers urge you to 
encourage anyone who you think ought 
to belong, to unite with us. Doubtless 
some of your friends would take advan- 
tage of the opportunity to join if it were 
presented to them. 

Special Membership 

It has been arranged to provide a 
Special Membership at the rate of $5.00 
per year, for which new members will 
receive, in addition to all the usual pub- 
lications, two copies of the American Rose 
Annual of years previous to 1934, with 
the exception of those which are scarce or 
out of print. This should interest them, 
for it provides a real saving, as the old 
Annuals are held at $1.00 each, with 
necessary exceptions. Those who wish to 
renew their membership for 1935 at the 
$5.00 rate will be sent a copy of the new 



book "Climbing Roses" published 
$2.00. 



at 



Executive Committee 

On January 5 the Executive Commit- 
tee met in New York and transacted the 
following business: 

The Society's Gold and Silver Medals, 
heretofore awarded for new roses at 
shows, exhibitions, and test-gardens, are 
withdrawn and for them will be substi- 
tuted Gold and Silver Certificates. 

The Hartford Rose Garden was defi- 
nitely chosen as an official Garden. 

The Nicholson Perpetual Challenge 
Bowl will be awarded at the autumn show 
of the San Diego Rose Society in San 
Diego, California. 

Funds not to exceed $100 will be made 
available to continue Dr. Massey's cam- 
paign for disease control, if he finds it 
practicable to continue it. 

Honorary Annual Members and Hon- 
orary Vice-Presidents were appointed. 
Three new Trustees were selected, namely: 

A. F. Watkins, Tyler, Texas, to serve one year. 
M. H. Horvath, Mentor, Ohio, to serve two 

years. 
Dr. George T. Moore, St. Louis, Missouri, to 

serve three years. 

The Committee on Definitions and 
Compilations of Rose Types and the 
Committee on Rules of Exhibitions and 
Awards were discontinued. 

The new Committee on Prizes and 
Awards consists of: 

C. R. McGinnes, Reading, Pa., Chairman. 

Forrest L. Hieatt, San Diego, California. 

J. J. Boone, Caldwell, Idaho. 

Hally Bradley Hampton, Fort Worth, Texas. 

J. D. Crump, Macon, Georgia. 

Harriett L. F'oote, Marblehead, Mass. 

A. J. Webster, Toronto, Ontario. 

The new Registration Committee con- 
sists of: 

J. Horace McFarland, Chairman. 
Robert Simpson, Clifton, New Jersey. 
C. R. McGinnes, Reading, Pennsylvania. 

and one other to be decided upon later. 

The Committee of Consulting Ro- 
sarians and the Committee on Old 
Roses were unchanged. 

The facsimile of the medal won by 
Samuel Feast in 1834 was awarded to 
M. H. Horvath as of 1934, for his work 
on Rosa setigera. 

The greetings of the Society were ex- 
tended to Dr. Sulliger, our new President. 



1 



I 



Old-Fashioned Roses Survive the Winter 

By MRS. FREDERICK L. KEAYS, Great Neck, Long Island 



Dorothx Purkins, Hius- 
olhers 



among 



iiiocicni 



ON OUR larni in southern Mary- 
land, where tlie old roses are 
located, George, the larmer, had a 
call born on the night when the winter 
temjx'rature went 10^ below zero, lie 
sjx'iit the night sa\ing the call Ironi 
freezing to death. I mention the ineon- 
\enieiit acKent ol the calf because (ieorge 
obserxed the temperature throughout the 
bitter night. Possibis, nearer the water 
and down the slope where the roses are, 
the temperature was a bit higher than on 
the hill where- the stock-barn is. 

While the clinibeis SIKer Moon, Dr. 
\\ . Van Meet, Climbing American 
Be,';ut\, Mar\ Wallace, and Dorothv 
Perkins froze to the ground on Long 
Island at 15° below zero, the\' did not 
freeze back on tlie larm in Marxlaiul at 
lO" below. Nor did American Pillar, 
Paul's Scarlet Climber, Aviateur BIcriot, 
Wedding Bells, 
t'ndsch(">n, and 
climbers. 

Fhe record ol tlie old climbers is almost 
as good. The Garland, II. Mos.; Ix'liclte 
et Perpetue, 11. Senip.; Ruga, 11. Ayr.; 
a lull blush Ayrshire; Baltimore Belle, 
11. Set., and Queen of the Prairies, II. 
Set.; the Ihunbergl and Crimea, and the 
old hxbrlds ol MultKlora; old Red Bour- 
saiilt, and other Boursaults — all weathered 
the blast |ust as well as modern sorts. 
Pink Musk Cluster froze back badly but 
later grew raj^Idly Irom the base, some 
jilants keeping enough old wood to bloom. 
All the climbers, modern and old, had 
beautiful bloom. 

Of the bush Noisettes, there is no tale 
of destruction. Faded Pink Monthly, the 
other whites and pale pinks we ha\e no 
,\ellows- came through In excellent shape 
and bloomed beautllullx. Caroline Mar- 
niesse, II. Nols., froze back some and 
bloomed poorly. Of Tea-Noisettes, the 
long shoots of four plants of Reve d'Or 
on a low trellis ll\ed through with small 
loss and bloomed well, although some 
plants In the nurser\' rows were cut back 
quite badly. We think this Is due entirely 
to location. Lamarque came through and 
bloomed, although the j^lants were year- 



lings. One Marechal NIel out of three, all 
on their own roots, survived but did not 
bloom in June. Our three plants of a pale 
I^Ink, which we think ma\ be La Biche, 
made line resistance and bloomed well, 
the blooms larger than last \ear. Out of 
sexen {plants of the lo\el\ xellow, perhaps 
jaune Desj^rez, we lost three outright; 
the blooms on the sur\ Ivors were not up 
to standard. Relne Marie llenriette, 
CI 11 ., on a low trellis resisted freezing 
nobl\ and had handsome blooms, (iloire 
de Di)on li\ed but Is so j^oor it might as 
well ha\e died. 

Among the june-blooming roses, all the 
Ciallicas, all Centifolias but two white 
ones which froze l)a(ll\ , all Mosses except 
Baron de Wassenaer which froze back 
about hall, all Albas, Damasks, Scotcli 
and \'ellow Briers, and the llybrid 
Chinas and llxbrld Bourbons without 
exception, were untouched. All these 
roses bloomed wonderlullx, the 1 I\brid 
Chinas and 1 Ivbrid Bourbons especiall\, 
e\identl\' liking the {punishment. Stan- 
well's Perpetual, a Scotch rose, louked 
prett\ ragged. Our old, old Sweet brier 



Iroze 



\ er\ 



lo 



w 



wliile young plants in 



more ex|)osed position showed no damage, 
but the old granny Is coming back well. 
1 he sj)eeies row reported in \'erv faxor- 
abl\, perha[)s better than usual. 

Among the China roses, Old Blush 
[Rosa indica) and all her descendants 
Iroze somewhat but came back cjulekly 
and bloomed well. On the other hand. 
Old Red China (R. sem))cr/l()n'ns) and her 
descendants were hit hard and low. 
Many plants are barel>' pulling along. 
Some died outright. Fhe bloom was 
sparse, with some line specimens. 

lea roses are divided b\ a neat line, 
too. Fhe yellow leas j^a id heavily for 
tlieir experience. Ii\er\ plant of Marie 
Van I loutte, Marie Guillot, and our one 
plant of Dexonlensis died. All of Mme. 
W elehe passed on but one. Many xoung 
plants ol Safrano, LtoIIe de Lyon, and 
Isabella Sprunt gave u(), but old j)lants 
preserved much old wood. Mile. Fran- 
zlska Kriiger and Perle des Jardlns, 
although frozen back some, pulled 



- >. 






'■X -.At*.. 



^'' V 



a 



•t 






- T 



... .T 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 
and G. A. Stevens 



I' 



ir^' 



Published bt'tnontbly by 

^ THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

' Crescent and Mulberry Sts., H«rrisbarg. Pa. 

/SiibKription price: To member* of the American Rote 
» SMsiety 75 ct«. a year, 15 e^. a copy, wbicb amoutU i$ 
includtd in tbt annual au«$ of ti.fo. 
To all others: $1.50 a year, 25 ct«. a eopy. . 

Entered aa second-data matter at the Pott Qmee at Haina- 
burg, Pa., under the act of March 3, 1879. 

Vol. I. No. 13 1935 January-February, 

■ ^&BSBBBaBMaHMBaEaaHMMBHHBHBHHBaHaBBSSSBB:^SBBBBaat. 

* Membership Dues 

hi the Novemljer-December Magazine ^ 
tJie Editor and the Secretary urged all 
* '*' members to pay their dues promptly, thus 
avoiding the expense of preparing and 
mailing individual bills, because every 
saving that can be made in posta^ and 
office expense can be devotee! to improv- 
ing the Annual and the Magazine. : 

The response to this request has been 
gratifying but still about three-quarters of 
the members* dues are unpaid for 1935. 

Hoping to malce it easier, we have put 
a coupon on the last page to be used in 
paying dues and to serve as a reminder. 

New Members 

Really interested rose-growers are in- 
vited to membership. We need many^ 
. more such, and the officers urge you to 
encourage anyone who you think ought 
to belong, to unite with us. Doubtless 
I some of your friends would take advan- 
» tage of the opportunity to join if it were 
..presented to them. 









special Membership 



^ It has been arranged to provide a 
Special Membership at the rate of $5.00 
per year, for which new members will, 
receive, in addition to all the usual pub* 

•; lications, two copies of the American Rose 
Annual of years previous to 1934, with 

".. the exception of tnose which are scarce or 

. ^t of print. This should interest them, 
for it provides a real saving, as the old 
Annuals are held at $1.00 each, with 
necessary exceptions. Those who wish to 
renew their membership for 1935 at the 
$5.00 rate will be sent a copy of the new 



.£%' 



:v«>^ 



^^^ 



•v<- 



jr.. 



1- •<» 
4-i >s' 



v.'»* 



*■ 



BSok ^'Climbing Roses" published at 
yf2.00. 

Executive Committee 

On January 5 the Executive Commit* 
tee met in New York and transacted the 
following business: 

The Society's Gold and Silver Medals, 
heretofore awarded for new roses a^ 
shows, exhibitions, and test-gardens, ar^ 
withdrawn and for them will be substi# 
tuted Gold and Silver Certificates. 

TTie Hartford Rose Garden was defi- 
ni^Iy chosen as an official Garden. 

The Nicholson Perpetual Challenge 
Bowl will be awarded at the autumn show- 
of the San Diego Rose Society in San 
Diego, California. 

Funds not to exceed $100 will be made 
available to continue Dr. Massey's cam- 
paign for disease control, if he finds it 
practicable to continue it. 

Honorary Annual Members and Hon«- 
orary Vice-Presidents were apjjointed 
Three new Trustees were selected, namely j 

A. F. Wat kins, Tyler, Texas, to serve one year. 
M. H. Horvath, Mentor, Ohio, to serve two 

years. 
Dr. Geoi-flfe T. Moore, St. Louis, Missouri, to 

serve tnree years, ,^ 

The Committee on Definitions and 
Compilations of Rose Types and the 
Committee on Rules of Exhibitions and 
Awards were discontinued. 

The new Committee on Prizes and 
Awards consists of; 

G. R. McGinnes, Reading, Pa., Chairman..; 
Forrest L. Hieatt, San Chego, California. • 
J. J. Boone, Caldwell, Idaho. * •" *" 

Hally Bradley Hampton, Fort Worth, Texas. 
J. D. Crump, Macon, Georgia. 
Harriett L. Foote, Marblehead, Mass. -f 
A. J. Webster, Toronto, Ontario. 

The new R^istratipn Q)mmittee con- 
sists of: ^ : 

• 

J. Horace McFarland, Chairman. f> ■*, 

Robert Simpson, Clifton, New Jersey. ' '• \ 
C. R. McGmnes, Reading, Pennsylvania. 

and one other to be decided upon laterv ^' 
The Committee of Consulting Ro- 
sarians and the Committee on Old 
Roses were unchanged. ^ > 

The facsimile of the medal won by 
Samuel Feast in 1834 was awarded to 
M. H. Horvath as of 1934, for his work 
on Rosa setigera. 

The greetings of the Society were ex- 
tended to Dr. Sulliger, our new President. 



•V..€ 



*t#..:; 



>'- 



— ^^ -i- '' 



v'-S 






: 



<: 









Old-Fashioned Roses Survive the Winter 

By MRS. FREDERICK L. KEAYS, Great Neck, Long Island 



, S-' .*'*(-' 




ON OUR farm in southern Mary- 
land, where the old roses are 
located, George, the farmer, had a 
calf born on the night when the winter 
temperature went 10° below zero. He 
spent the night saving the calf from 
freezing to death. I mention the incon- 
venient advent of the calf because George 
observed the temperature throughout the 
bitter night. Possibly, nearer the w^ater 
and down the slope where the roses are, 
the temperature was a bit higher than on 
the hill where the stock-barn is. 

While the climbers Silver Moon, Dr. 
W. Van Fleet, Climbing American 
Beauty, iMary Wallace, and Dorothy 
Perkins froze to the ground on Long 
Island at 13° below zero, they did not 
freeze back on the farm in Maryland at 
10° below. Nor did American Pillar, 
Paul's Scarlet Climber, Aviateur Bleriot, 
Wedding Bells, Dorothy Perkins, Taus- 
endschon, and others among modern 
climbers. 

The record of the old climbers is almost 
as good. The Garland, H. Mos.; Feiicite 
et Perpetue, H. Semp.; Ruga, H. Ayr.; 
a full blush Ayrshire; Baltimore Belle, 
H. Set., and Queen of the Prairies, H. 
Set.; the Thunbergi and Carnea, and the 
old hybrids of Multiflora; old Red Bour- 
sault, and other Boursaults — all weathered 
the blast just as well as modern sorts. 
Pink Musk Cluster froze back badly but 
later grew rapidly from the base, some 
plants keeping enough old wood to bloom. 
All the climbers, modern and old, had 
beautiful bloom. 

Of the bush Noisettes, there is no tale 
of destruction. Faded Pink Monthly, the 
other whites and pale pinks — we have no 
yellows — came through in excellent shape 
and bloomed beautifully. Caroline Mar- 
niesse, H. Nois., froze back some and 
bloomed poorly. Of Tea-Noisettes, the 
long shoots of four plants of Reve d'Or 
on a low trellis lived through with small 
loss and bloomed well, although some 
plants in the nursery rows were cut back 
quite badly. We think this is due entirely 
to location. Lamarque came through and 
bloomed, although the plants were year- 



lings. One Marechal Niel out of three, all 
on their own roots, survived but did not 
bloom in June. Our three plants of a pale 
pink, which we think may be La Biche, 
made fine resistance and bloomed well, 
the blooms larger than last year. Out of 
seven plants of the lovely yellow, perhaps 
Jaune Desprez, we lost three outright; 
the blooms on the survivors were not up 
to standard. Reine Marie Henriette, 
CHT., on a low trellis resisted freezing 
nobly and had handsome blooms. Gloire 
de Dijon lived but is so poor it might as 
well have died. 

Among the June-blooming roses, all the 
Gallicas, all Centifolias but two white 
ones which froze badly, all Mosses except 
Baron de Wassenaer which froze back 
about half, all Albas, Damasks, Scotch 
and Yellow Briers, and the Hybrid 
Chinas and Hybrid Bourbons without 
exception, were untouched. All these 
roses bloomed wonderfully, the Hybrid 
Chinas and Hybrid Bourbons especially, 
evidently liking the punishment. Stan- 
well's Perpetual, a Scotch rose, looked 
pretty ragged. Our old, old Sweetbrier 
froze very low, while young plants in 
more exposed position showed no damage, 
but the old granny is coming back well. 
The species row reported in very favor- 
ably, perhaps better than usual. 

Among the China roses, Old Blush 
(Rosa indica) and all her descendants 
froze somewhat but came back quickly 
and bloomed well. On the other hand. 
Old Red China (R. semper flor ens) and her 
descendants were hit hard and low. 
Many plants are barely pulling along. 
Some died outright. The bloom was 
sparse, with some fine specimens. 

Tea roses are divided by a neat line, 
too. The yellow Teas paid heavily for 
their experience. Every plant of Marie 
Van Houtte, Marie Guillot, and our one 
plant of Devoniensis died. All of Mme. 
Welche passed on but one. Many young 
plants of Safrano, Etoile de Lyon, and 
Isabella Sprunt gave up, but old plants 
preserved much old wood. Mile. Fran- 
ziska Kriiger and Perle des Jardins, 
although frozen back some, pulled 



INTENTIONAL SECOND EXPOSURE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



through; we lost none of those two. The 
pink and rose-colored Teas made fine 
resistance. Duchesse de Brabant, Mme. 
Lambard, and Catherine Mermet were 
remarkably resistant and flashed upon us 
a fme show of roses. 

The Bourbons, Souvenir de la Mal- 
malson, Hermosa, and the others, froze 
back but not seriously, and gave lovely 
bloom. Malmaison had the finest ever. 
The Damask Perpetuals, red-purple and 
pink, seemed to find cause for rejoicing; 
old Rose du Roi a fleur pourpre was the 
finest we have ever seen it and the most 

fragrant. 

The Hybrid Perpetuals—doubtless ill 
suited to the South— had a hard struggle. 
Probably they made late growth and 
were weak from unripened wood. One 
Anna de Diesbach died. The old plant of 
Mrs. John Laing is comatose. La Reine's 
bloom was poor in quality and color. 
Most of the reds, including General 
Jacqueminot, Prince Camille de Rohan, 
and others, were wonderful. Surviving 
Anna de Diesbach's were excellent. 



also a bush or two of Paul Neyron. 

Microphylla alba odorata, the beloved 
rose of the South, lost some of the long 
shoots, but no plants suffered seriously 
and new growth is fine. Microphylla 
rubra never turned a thorn. 

None of the roses were hilled up or 
covered. Their location, on a southeast 
slope, protects them from the worst winds. 
On the whole, all the old roses except 
yellow Teas and red Chinas showed good 
resistance. On Long Island, where all 
were hilled and covered except the Hybrid 
Perpetuals and climbers, Safrano, Bon 
Silene, Duchesse de Brabant, Gloire de 
Lyon, our only Teas, froze back badly 
but lived and have bloomed, the Duchesse 
very well. Souvenir de la Malmaison, 
Hermosa, and Old Blush, while cut by 
frost, kept much old wood and have 
bloomed very well. One of two red Chinas 
died. Microphylla alba odorata lost the 
long shoots but is making splendid new 
growth. The Hybrid Perpetuals got a 
good trimming but all lived and bloomed, 
some very beautifully. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Eight Years of Roses 

By M. B. VAN DE WALLE, Ontario, N. Y. 



IT WAS eight years ago this coming 
spring when I first became interested 
in roses. As I recall, I set out about 
twenty roses early in May, 1927 — and 
what roses! My mistake was purchasing 
cheap plants, otherwise known as own- 
root. All of them were one-year size 
except a Black Prince, a William R. 
Smith, and a National Emblem, which 
were the two-year size. The one-year 
roses made some growth the following 
summer, and we had a few blooms which 
we, at that time, thought were wonderful. 
The larger plants naturally grew and 
bloomed better, and I still have the 
William R. Smith and National Emblem 
in the garden. 

From directions in several rose cata- 
logues that first year, I came to the con- 
clusion my roses would need heavy winter 
protection, so in the fall I hilled the dirt 
about the plants and wrapped burlap 
about the tops. Everything was fine until 



I uncovered the original one-year plants 
the following spring. Perhaps I waited 
too long or not long enough before 
removing the burlap. Anyway, the buds 
had swelled considerably when this was 
done, and a good hard freeze came along 
a few days later and nipped the buds. 
The little plants never seemed to outgrow 
their chilling experience, and nearly all 
were gone by the following fall. 

That same spring, however, I purchased 
a few more one-year-size plants; some 
grew fine but others never made the 
grade. The following spring I started 
buying two-year budded roses, and, 
obviously, had a great deal more to show 
for my time and effort. In the years since 
I have always purchased two-year budded 
outdoor-grown stock, although I have a 
few grafted roses which have done very 
well with me. These grafted roses are 
such varieties as Joanna Hill, Talisman, 
E. G. Hill, and Briarcliff*. The E. G. Hill 



;" 



^ 



roses were bench plants from a florist, 
but I do not consider this type as good as 
outdoor-grow^n roses for the average 
gardener. 

The soil in my rose-garden is a built- 
up composition. The original top-soil has 
been covered with, perhaps, a foot of 
heavy and sandy loam. The roots of the 
roses are in the old top-soil and do very 
well. In planting I always use barnyard 
fertilizer under the roots. Most of the 
bushes have been set in the spring as I 
have more time at my disposal then than 
in the fall. I haven't bothered with any 
fancy drainage plan. 

My spring procedure is to spray thor- 
oughly with lime-sulphur solution before 
any other work is done. Then I go through 
and trim off" all of the branches that are 
too high. As I always trim my roses 
twice in spring, this first trimming is 
only to get rid of most of the dead tops 
or surplus growth of the previous season. 
After this, I clean up any litter which has 
accumulated. I believe one can get a 
better job done by two prunings than 
one. I go through the roses the second 
time after the buds have swelled. Then 
I can tell just which buds appear strongest 
and how I want to leave the bushes for 
summer growth. Usually I prune Hybrid 
Teas down to about 6 inches from bed- 
level. 



Surnmer care consists of working the 
top-soil to conserve moisture, peat- 
mossing the bed, and spraying. I use 
sulphur dust with, sometimes, an addition 
of arsenate of lead or tobacco dust for 
black-spot and mildew. For aphis and 
other insects which like the rose plant, I 
use a pyrethrum-derris insecticide which 
certainly controls these enemies. 

We have a Rose Society here and hold 
a rose show each June. I well remember 
my first exhibit at our local show — a 
Black Prince with a stem about 4 inches 
long. Naturally, I didn't win a ribbon 
but I did learn a lot by observing other 
people's exhibits. In 1931 my roses won 
a few ribbons; in 1932, a few more; by 
1933 they won thirty-three ribbons. Last 
June I achieved seventeen ribbons, hav- 
ing exhibited about sixty buds and 
blooms. 

At present my garden contains about 
173 roses, including Hybrid Perpetuals, 
Hybrid Teas, Climbers, and a few Teas. 
Some of my favorites are: E. G. Hill, 
Etoile de Hollande, Mrs. Sam McGredy, 
Joanna Hill, Mme. Raymond Gaujard 
(Olympiad), Autumn, Mev. G. A. van 
Rossem, Mme. Jules Bouche, Kaiserin 
Auguste Viktoria, Mrs. Erskine Pembroke 
Thom, Joyous Cavalier, Soeur Therese, 
Caledonia, Edel, Golden Dawn, and 
Margaret McGredy. 



Roses in Milwaukee 

By H. W. PROTZMANN, Milwaukee, Wise. 



MUCH has been written and said 
about the damage and loss to 
rose bushes during the cold, dry 
winter of 1934, but among the bushes 
that had stood a year or more in my 
garden there was no loss. 

In a paragraph of the article "Roses in 
Milwaukee," published in the January- 
February (1934) issue of the Rose 
Magazine, I described how I used to tie 
the canes close to the ground and cover 
them with hay, and how I changed the 
method of protecting the long canes of 
Hybrid Perpetual rose bushes by leaving 
them upright and wrapping with coarse 
burlap, in the belief that they would 



come through the winter with little loss. 
Well, I am just a wee bit wiser now. 

The loss of canes wrapped in burlap 
was tremendous. They had to be cut 
back within 10 to 20-odd inches of the 
ground. The bloom, too, on all but two 
or three bushes, was quite sparse. With 
the exception of five bushes, which I feel 
sure will have to be replaced next spring, 
the Perpetuals renewed themselves with 
nice canes. The new canes now lie close 
to Mother Earth with a good covering 
of hay. 

Hybrid Teas were covered, as usual, 
with the much-recommended heaped soil 
and litter — in my case, hay. No loss was 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



experienced among them. The June- 
July display of blooms was just as fine 

as ever. til i 

I cannot remember when 1 have lost a 
Hybrid Tea bush through winter-kill. 
The loss has always been in summer from 
what I believe is canker. I have tried 
many ways to prevent or stop this 
decease but have now given it up. When 
I see a bush affected with canker, I pull 
it out and burn it. 

The past summer, black-spot was kept 
down and mildew washed off with a 
borax soap-chip spray. In desperation I 
tried the chips in the autumn of 1933 lor 
mildew. The spray cleaned off the mildew 
then, so I used it throughout the past 
season, with apparent success. When a 
few green lice appeared I added some 
Black-Leaf 40 to the spray. The borax 
soap-chip spray will be used again next 
season, and if found as successful as in 
the 1934 season, I shall make another 

report. . .it 

In the earlier Rose Magazine article 1 
mentioned planting a number of Hybrid 
Perpetual rose bushes — twenty, to be 
exact. They were a disappointment, too. 
In the spring only eight showed any life. 
By July, four were dead. The remaining 
four did not give any flowers. In fact, 
during the first half of summer they 
made no progress. Along in August new 
growth began to show and by late October 
each had two to three fairly nice canes. 

On the other hand, I transplanted two 
Hybrid Tea and two Hybrid Perpetual 
rose bushes from one spot in my garden 



to another, and those four bushes came 
through the winter fine. They bloomed 
as though they had not been moved. I 
have done this a number of times with 
good results. 

Of course, if properly done, lifting and 
replanting bushes in autumn from one 
spot to another in the garden is the most 
advantageous and nearly perfect way to 
transplant in any section where roses can 
be grown. The hole can be dug in advance, 
the spade set to full depth on four sides 
of the bush and then gently raised. Only 
a few minutes need elapse before the 
plant is again firmly set in the ground in 
its new location. 

I have tried late autumn planting three 
times, and I am through with it. For 
Milwaukee and vicinity I am convinced 
that rose bushes with all soil removed 
from the roots had better be placed in a 
frostproof storage-shed or cellar and 
planted outdoors in the spring. The 
percentage of plants that will grow and 
thrive if planted in spring is far, far 
PTP1 tcr 

The Climbers are different. When 
uncovered and raised from their bed of 
hay and burlap, all of them were in 
excellent condition. They bloomed pro- 
fusely, but the flowers lacked some of the 
lustrous beauty of the previous seasons. 
Climbing American Beauty and Dorothy 
Perkins were especially off-color. . 

We have had a good wet fall and now 
a lot of snow, so that, barring any special 
weather freaks, we may look forward to 
another glorious rose season. 



Rose-Disease Prevention in the Middle 

West and South 

By DR. H. R. ROSEN. Professor of Plant Pathology, University of Arkansas 



1BEG to call attention to Mr. Hutton's 
article on black-spot in the Middle 
West, November- December (1934) 
American Rose Magazine, page 15, in 
which the prevalence of "extremely dry 
and high temperatures" is associated 
with lack of control of black-spot by the 
use of Massey dust, quoting my article 
in the 1934 Annual as the authority. 



As this is likely to be confusing, and 
really contrary to my observations, it 
may be of interest to reiterate the point 
I attempted to make. In common with 
many microbic diseases of plants, the 
parasites responsible for black-spot and 
powdery mildew of roses gain entrance 
into the plant only when moisture is 
present. The fact is that moisture, in the 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



1 






^ 



form of dews, rain, or artificial watering, 
is seemingly essential before these para- 
sites can gain entrance into any healthy 
plant tissue. Rains not only act as dis- 
tributing agents, but in many types of 
plant diseases they play an equally im- 
portant part in conditioning the plant 
and making it more susceptible to disease. 
Of course, moisture by itself is not the 
only factor which enters into the question 
of disease prevalence, and there are 
various localities at home and abroad 
which receive abundant rains and dews but 
in which black-spot is not a serious malady. 

Throughout a large part of the Middle 
West and South rainfall is, on the average, 
fully as abundant as in the East, and in 
some regions often more so during the 
growing season. Notwithstanding the 
comparative abundance of rains, gar- 
deners in the region under consideration 
must resort to artificial watering much 
more frequently than eastern ones. I 
assume on good evidence that this is due 
in general to a greater rate of transpiration 
and evaporation than pertains to the 
East. Likewise, I also consider the pos- 
sibility that the greater amount of 
artificial watering necessary in the Middle 
West and South, plus a rainfall fully as 
abundant as in the East, make conditions 
more ideal for the development and 
prevalence of black-spot. In other words, 
it is ordinarily the more frequent watering, 
artificial and natural, and not the dryness 
of these localities which make for a greater 
amount of this disease. 

In fact, in common with St. Louis, 
that portion of the country which experi- 
enced the severe 1934 drought undoubt- 
edly experienced less black-spot than 
under normal or average conditions. That 
is why I consider the 1934 trials with any 
fungicide, as a black-spot control, whether 
.it be Massey dust, bordeaux mixture, 
Palustrex sulfonate B, or any other 
material, of little significance for an 
average year in the drought area. As 
will be noted in the 1935 Annual, suscep- 
tible rose varieties which received no 
sprays or dusts during the 1934 season 
at Fayetteville were as free from this 
disease as those which received fungicides. 

One may go further and say that the 
amount of publicity given to the use of 



sprays and dusts for rose-disease control, 
including my own writings, is very apt to 
overshadow the other measures which 
should be used as preventives, and which 
are equally as important, if not more so, 
than these fungicidal applications. I am 
convinced that if a whole neighborhood 
cooperated in a thorough late fall or 
winter clean-up of diseased material 
there would be much less need of spraying 
or dusting. Even without such coopera- 
tion, the individual home gardener will 
greatly benefit by a careful removal of all 
diseased material in his own garden. 
Spraying and dusting at their best are 
only crude preventives compared with 
thorough sanitary precautions, and while 
they are essential at present, I have the 
temerity to predict that in the future 
rose-breeders will give us numerous 
varieties of sufficient vigor and true dis- 
ease resistance so that very little spraying 
or dusting will be necessary. If there is 
any one thing that is apt to discourage a 
home gardener more than anything else, 
it is the necessity of going through a 
weekly, arduous, and expensive exercise 
with a messy duster or sprayer. I could 
even now mention at least a dozen differ- 
ent Hybrid Teas which can be grown 
successfully in this region without any 
fungicidal applications, if careful sanita- 
tion is practiced and the plants kept in a 
good growing condition. 

■f -t i i 

Spring Convention 

In the last Magazine, attention was 
called to the Spring Convention of the 
American Rose Society which will be 
held in Atlanta, Ga., on April 28 and 29, 
this year. The programme has not yet 
been worked out, but full particulars will 
probably follow in the March-April 
Magazine, which should reach you about 
April 1. 

The idea back of this first Convention 
is to give members within easy traveling 
distance of Atlanta an opportunity to 
meet and get acquainted. If it is success- 
ful, it is expected to extend the idea 
somewhat in future years in order to give 
regional groups in different parts of the 
country the opportunity to visit each 
other and see each other's roses. 



Root-Pruning 




«« A»» 



By J. H. NICOLAS, D.Sc, Newark, N. Y. 

The accompanying photograph takes 
the place of a long story. 

This plant was set in late April and dug 
November 10. The roots were pruned at 
points indicated by the letter A. Note the 
many fibrous roots which grew at the 
sections. 

The object of root-pruning is the same 
principle as making cuttings. First a 
callus or swelling of soft tissue forms 
from which roots grow like spokes on 

a hub. 

Since feeding-roots generally are annual 
and partly disappear, to renew themselves 
each year, most of the old fibers on the 
dormant plant received from the nursery 
are useless, and the first function of the 
plant is to grow new fibrous or feeding- 
roots. The process of shortening the 
heavy roots is to promote and accelerate 
the growth of fibrous and feeding-roots; 
each root, after a fashion, becomes a 
"cutting" by itself. 

This plant was a Rev. F. Page-Roberts, 
naturally a slow, weak grower, yet with 
the impulse of the new fibrous roots 
activated by root-pruning, it has made a 
remarkable growth for the first year. If 
it were not for the root-pruning, the plant 
would have merely vegetated as did 
other plants not root-pruned, planted at 
the same time. 

A plant not root-pruned has no ready 
place to quickly make new fibers; these 
will come, in course of time, along the old 
roots, but they will take a much longer 
time to develop and all the while the 
plant is at a stand-still or growing slowly 

and feebly. 

Most often, roots are more or less 
mutilated and shortened by the digging 
process, but however shortened they 
already are, a fresh cut with a sharp 
knife must be made at planting-time. A 
cutting will not callus if the tissues at the 
end have been allowed to dry even but a 
few minutes. 

Of course, it goes without saying that 
tops must also be severely pruned. To 
plant a rose as it comes from the nursery, 
even if already partly pruned, is courting 
disaster. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



t 



» 



a 



shows where the old roots were pruned 
before planting. 



Jungle" Story 

A few words about the rose-year at the 
"Jungles." For the first time in forty-five 
years Idaho had a California winter — 
greatest cold was 16° on November 30 
and December 1, 1933. Roses did not 
shed leaves and, of course, every last rose 
lived green to the tips. Result — roses 
were generally free from the pruning- 
shears. We wanted to see how roses do 
wild and rugged. We saw lots of mediocre 
blooms, great growth of bushes, leaves, 
and unusually long canes. Such plants as 
Ulrich Brunner became 10 to 12-foot 
pillars, and, to cap the growth, there 
never was such a crop of mildew with us, 
but no black-spot. After one warm winter 
we hope for a greater cold this year, but 
to date it is even warmer than last, only 
20° of cold. 

The rose-blooming season began April 
9 with Rosa Eae, followed by R. Hugonis 
on April 13. In 1933 these roses were out, 
respectively, on May 13 and 18, more than 
a month's difference. So, in 1934, our 
main blooming season came in May 
instead of June. The entire season seemed 
to be a month to six weeks ahead of the 
normal growing schedule. The winter 
apples, usually picked in October, were 
gathered in early September, because 
they were fully matured and were becom- 
ing mellow. So the real West, as to 
winter and season, was the reverse of the 
East. 

Two Hybrid Perpetuals did themselves 
proud for the first time with me — 
Druschki Rubra and Candeur Lyonnaise. 
The one has a wonderful bud and loose- 
petaled, fragrant blooms, not very lasting 
but very much worth having. The other 
has the largest, most perfect pure white 
flower I ever saw, a great long-pointed 
bud, and then such a magnificent full 
bloom, longest lasting of white roses. Of 
course, John Russell, Henry Nevard, 
Mme. Albert Barbier, Mrs. John Laing, 
and Georg Arends, with the others, did 
their usual. The Hybrid Perpetuals are 
on the come-back. If we could only have 
the rose-show people give them a chance. 
I have taken them several times, but there 
seems to be no place for them; so few 
exhibitors grow them. 



Have probably never detected a real 
mutant or sport in my garden; came near 
to it this year. One of my Florence 
Chenoweths had a cane which forked 
about 18 inches above ground. One 
branch had regular yellow flowers true to 
name; the other had large salmon-pink 
flowers like its mother, Mme. Edouard 
Herriot. Of course, it is not unusual for 
a mutant to revert to the mother variety, 
but I had not seen it happen before and 
will watch it with interest next year. 

As for climbers which are no longer 
news, Mme. Sancy de Parabere came 
next to Hugonis in April. Le Reve leads 
all others of the yeUow kind to date in 
color, quantity, quality, hardiness, foliage, 
and fruity fragrance. For fine, big cab- 
bage blooms, long, stiff stems, most 
interesting coloring. Breeze Hill is it. The 
little bridal-wreath buds of Glenn Dale 
set women wild. Our very mild winter 
gave such a tender plant as Alberic 
a chance to show what it could do, and 
it gave us most slender, long wiry canes 
that bent over a cross support and made 
a bower covered with beautiful white 
roses, but the clean, crisp, glossy leaves 
remain, even to this writing, green and 
beautiful. Dr. Huey never fails us, warm 
or cold. Belvedere, Gruss an Aachen, 
Golden Salmon, Gloria Mundi, Tip-Top, 
Scarlet Button, Chatillon, and Cecile 
Brunner for low Polyanthas, but Kirsten 
Poulsen for the tall Polyanthas, leads a 
whole garden of flowers all the time, 

— Dr. W. J. Boone, Idaho. 

Root - Pruning 

When I enjoy a quiet smoke evenings 
I frequently think of the w^onders of the 
rose game— -the long line of ancestry, 
what has been accomplished, and what 
the future holds in store. The scope is so 
wide that predictions are difficult. These 
are the points that make rose-growing 
so fascinating. 

When one stops to think of all the uses 
to which the rose can be put, either as 
plants or cut-flowers, it should be easy 
for anyone to understand why the rose 
is in a class by itself. I cannot think of 
another flower for which the same broad 
possibilities can be claimed, nor can I 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Root-Pruning 

By J. H. NICOLAS, D.Sc, Newark, N. Y. 




"A" shows where the old roots were pruned 
before phmting. 



The accompanying photojjjraph takes 
the place of a long story. 

This plant was set in late April and dug 
November 10. The roots were pruned at 
points indicated by the letter A. Note the 
many fibrous roots which grew at the 
sections. 

The object of root-pruning is the same 
principle as making cuttings. First a 
callus or swelling of soft tissue forms 
from which roots grow like spokes on 

a hub. 

Since feeding- roots generally are annual 
and partly disappear, to renew themselves 
each year, most of the old fibers on the 
dormant plant received from the nursery 
are useless, and the first function of the 
plant is to grow new fibrous or feeding- 
roots. The process of shortening the 
heavv roots is to promote and accelerate 
the growth of fibrous and feeding- roots; 
each root, after a fashion, becomes a 
"cutting" by itself. 

This plant was a Rev. F. Page-Roi)erts, 
naturally a slow, weak grower, yet with 
the impulse of the new fibrous roots 
activated by root-pruning, it has made a 
remarkable growth for the first year. 11 
it were not for the root-pruning, the plant 
would have merely vegetated as did 
other plants not root-pruned, planted at 
the same time. 

A plant not root-pruned has no ready 
|:)lace to quickly make new libers; these 
will come, in course of time, along the old 
roots, but they will take a much longer 
time to develop and all the while the 
plant is at a stand-still or growing slowly 
and feebly. 

Most often, roots are more or less 
mutilated and shortened by the digging 
process, but however shortened they 
already are, a fresh cut with a sharp 
knife must be made at planting-time. A 
cutting will not callus if the tissues at the 
end have been allowed to dry even but a 
few minutes. 

Of course. It goes without saying that 
tops must also be severely pruned, lo 
plant a rose as it comes from the nursery, 
even if already partly pruned, is courting 
disaster. 



"Jungle'' Story 

A few words about the rose-year at the 
"Jungles." For the first time in forty-iive 
years Idaho had a California winter — 
greatest cold was 16° on November 30 
and December 1, 1933. Roses did not 
shed leaves and, of course, every last rose 
lived green to the tips. Result — roses 
were generally free from the pruning- 
shears. We wanted to see how roses do 
wild and rugged. We saw lots of mediocre 
blooms, great growth of bushes, leaves, 
and unusually long canes. Such plants as 
Ulrich Brunner became 10 to 12-foot 
pillars, and, to cap the growth, there 
ne\er was such a crop of mildew with us, 
but no black-spot. After one warm winter 
we hope for a greater cold this year, but 
to date it is even warmer than last, only 
20° of cold. 

The rose-blooming season began April 
9 \N ith Rosa Ecw, followed by R. Hugonis 
on April 13. In 1933 these roses were out, 
respectively, on May 13 and 18, more than 
a month's difference. So, in 1934, our 
main blooming season came in May 
instead of June. The entire season seemed 
to be a month to six weeks ahead of the 
normal growing schedule. The winter 
apples, usually picked in October, were 
gathered in early September, because 
they were fully matured and were becom- 
ing mellow. So the real West, as to 
winter and season, was the reverse of the 
East. 

Two Hybrid Perpetuals did themselves 
proud for the first time with me — 
Druschki Rubra and Candeur Lyonnaise. 
The one has a wonderful bud and loose- 
petaled, fragrant blooms, not very lasting 
but very much worth having. The other 
has the largest, most perfect pure white 
llower I e\'er saw, a great long-pointed 
bud, and then such a magnificent f\ill 
bloom, longest lasting of white roses. Of 
course, John Russell, Henry Nevard, 
Mme. Albert Barbier, Mrs. J( hn Laing, 
and Georg Arends, with the others, dicl 
their usual. The Hybrid Perpetuals are 
on the come-back. If w^e could only have 
the rose-show people give them a chance. 
I have taken them several times, but there 
seems to be no place for them; so few 
exhibitors grow them. 



Have prol)ably never detected a real 
mutant or sport in my garden; came near 
to it this year. One of my Florence 
Chenoweths had a cane which forked 
about 18 inches above ground. One 
branch had regular yellow flowers true to 
name; the other had large salmon-pink 
flowers like its mother, Mme. Iidouarcl 
Herriot. Of course, it is not unusual for 
a mutant to revert to the mother variety, 
but I had not seen it happen before and 
will watch it u ith interest next year. 

As for climbers which are no longer 
news, Mme. Sancy de Parabere came 
next to Hugonis in April. Le Reve leads 
all others of the yellow kind to date in 
color, quantity, quality, hardiness, foliage, 
and fruity fragrance. For fine, big cab- 
bage blooms, long, stiff stems, most 
interesting coloring. Breeze Hill is it. The 
little briclal-wreath buds of Glenn Dale 
set women wild. Our very mild winter 
gave such a tender |)lant as Alberic 
a chance to show w hat it could do, and 
it gave us most slender, long wiry canes 
that bent over a cross support and made 
a bower covered with beautiful white 
roses, but the clean, crisp, glossy leaves 
remain, even to this writing, green and 
beautiful. Dr. Huey^ never fails us, warm 
or cold. Belvedere, Gruss an Aachen, 
Golden Salmon, Gloria Mundi, Tip-Top, 
Scarlet Button, Chatillon, and Cecile 
Brunner for low Polyanthas, but Kirsten 
Poulsen for the tall Polyanthas, leads a 
whole garden of flowers all the time. 

— Dr. \V. J. Boone, Idaho. 

Root - Pruning 

When I enjoy a quiet smoke evenings 
I frequently think of the wonders of the 
rose game the long line of ancestry, 
what has been accomplished, and what 
the future holds in store. The scope is so 
wide that predictions are diflicult. These 
are the points that make rose-growing 
so fascinating. 

When one stops to think of all the uses 
to which the rose can be put, either as 
plants or cut-flowers, it should be easy 
for anyone to understand why the rose 
is in a class by itself. I cannot think of 
another flower for which the same broad 
possibilities can be claimed, nor can I 



INTENTIONAL SECOND EXPOSURE 



10 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



conceive of the dahlia, gladiolus, or 
peony in anything but their present 
form. 

I have been told of a school of nursery 
thought in favor of root-butchering. 
Ample proof of that appeared last spring 
in most brutal form on plants sent from 
Texas. The entire plant measured about 
6 inches — 3- inch top and 3-inch root- 
stumps. 

I sent a sharp letter of protest to the 
shipper and then stuck the stumps in the 
ground, just to see what happened. Well, 
all plants except one died, and I suppose 
the pruner absent-mindedly left a few 
feeding roots on the stumps, otherwise this 
lonely plant would have shared the same 
fate. 

I've had varied experience with differ- 
ent forms of merchandized rose bushes, 
but merely for an education. I readily 
admit that some of the "fertil-potted" 
roses will grow, but give me the dormant 
plant with unrestrained root-system. Why 
growers always try to get a good root- 
system and then cut it away at shipping- 
time is beyond me. 

— Frank C. Anders, Long Island. 

Nebraska Roses 

This was not an easy year for plants 
of any kind, but, where they got enough 
water, roses did better than in some 
other years. We had neither rain nor 
dew, and where the watering was done 
by irrigation there was no trouble from 
mildew or black-spot. Usually, we dust 
with a commercial preparation based on 
Dr. Massey's formula, but, owing to lack 
of time, that was neglected this year, and 
it is doubtful ii we could have made it 
stay on the plants anyhow^ for the wind 
l)lew all the time. But, with it all, we 
had roses, not just a few but lots of them, 
and they grew^ in the full sun. 

Some roses we do not try here because 
the climate is hard, and the bushes usually 
winter-kill to the ground; but by careful 
selection and a bit of extra care in bank- 
ing the bushes with earth, we have had 
very little loss, not 2 per cent wiien we 
have had sense enough to get good plants 
to start with. The first cost may be more, 
but at the end of five years the expense 



has not been half, as there is no replanting 
and we have had the satisfaction of bloom 
all the time. 

I wish we could report as well for 
climbers. The changeable weather during 
the late winter and early spring seems 
too much for them. We may have roses, 
and we may not. The New Dawn is one 
successful climber here. May the day 
soon come when there are others just as 
good. We wonder if Climbing Hybrid 
Teas could be grown here, starting from 
the ground as we do with the bushes. We 
would like to try Climbing Lady Ashtown 
or Climbing Mme. Edouard Herriot as 
the bush types seem extra hardy. 

— Bertha G. White, Nebraska. 

The Season in Florida 

In our sandy soil at Pensacola, near the 
coast, these three things we believe: 
Fertilization cannot be overdone; pruning 
has been excessive; planting has been too 
deep. 

We used all available fertilizing mate- 
rial: chemicals (acid phosphate, potash), 
ammonia, particularly cotton-seed meal. 
In addition, in the spring when growth 
began, about 5 inches of stable manure 
was spread over the beds, and this was 
repeated later in the summer. We 
thought it would kill the plants, but they 
thrived. 

As to varieties: E. G. Hill on Rugosa 
standards were simply fine; no comparison 
between them and the same plants on 
Multiflora stocks, or own-root plants. 
In reds, William Orr and Essence were 
\ery good. In yellows, Mrs. Erskine 
Pembroke Thom, on the green stems 
from California, were far better than Mrs. 
Pierre S. du Pont, Ville de Paris, or Roslyn 
on the ordinary rootstocks. We did not 
care for Souvenir. 

The best-looking plants we had were 
Sunny South, though Radiance (on 
Cherokee stocks) were splendid looking. 
Mme. Raymond Gaujard (Olympiad) 
we expect to keep. The outstanding rose 
this year with us, and with visitors, w^as 
the single, clematis-like, pink Dainty 
Bess. It should become a very popular 
rose in our section. 

— E. R. Malone, Florida. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



11 



5> 



V 



Thanks to Dr. Massey 

Black-spot is like the hives. I've had 
both, hence the simile. Before through 
with either, you are due for a powerful 
lot of scratchin'. Both give you a yearn- 
ing for ye olde time cussing ability of the 
Mississippi River steamboat mate. 

Now the hives is like being born; 'tis 
wished on you, one has no say in the 
matter. But black-spot — ah! that's your 
fault if you are pestered by it. You all 
can take Dr. Massey's advice, follow his 
directions with sulphur dust, and have 
no black-spot — also a clear conscience. 

In 1932 I awaited the June blooming 
of my roses with all the thrills of a debu- 
tante before her presentation. Came the 
blooms and joy, followed by black-spot 
and — Camera, cut! 

Before I realized what was occurring, 
my garden was badly infected. I found 
out too late the what, why, and how. I 
dusted, I sprayed and prayed, hand- 
picked affected leaves, I swore. As 
defoliation became worse, so did my 
swearing improve. By August, half of 
my bushes resembled Sally Rand with 
the fans omitted and a guilty conscience 
had jumped my church attendance from 
once on Sunday to twice on the seventh 
day and prayer-meeting on Wednesday. 

With the sulphur treatment the past 
two seasons, how different it has been and 
what a joy. No black-spot and my 
church attendance down to normal. The 
year 1933 found me entering in my 
record **No black-spot" — not a leaf did 
I find. This season I have had nearly 
perfect success by using prevention. 

I am just a rank amateur and pretty 
dumb in addition, but I followed Dr. 
Massey's directions to the letter, espe- 
cially heeding his theme song of preven- 
tion. Never a raindrop fell on the cheek 
of a leaf that did not find a sulphurous 
complexion awaiting it. 

Is Dr. Massey right? Yes, Suh! Never 
was that old adage more true than with 
black-spot — "An ounce of prevention is 
worth a pound of cure." Two bits' worth 
of sulphur and an ounce of perspiration 
beforehand is better than a dollar's worth 
and a quart of plain sweat later on. 

— K. N. Clapp, Texas. 



Plan for Little Rose- Garden 

I believe that much of the dissatisfac- 
tion which comes to beginners in the early 
years of rose-growing is because they 
have not yet acquired the knowledge to 
choose the good roses and where to plant 
them to make a real picture of their 
gardens. It is so easy to be misled by a 
catalogue, and some people just don't 
know flow to make a garden to give it an 
atmosphere, although they recognize that 
quality in other gardens and want theirs 
to have it too, but can't quite plan for it. 

There are so many people this way 
that I have dared to draw up a little plan 
with the beds numbered to indicate the 
varieties to go in each bed, although 
there are probably better varieties. 




14 X 14- 



NoTE. Beginner need only plant roses numljLrcd in heavy 
rings first year. Space is left in beds for him to fill later with 
roses of his own choice. 

Climbing roses to be tied to 8-ft. posts and used as pillars, 
and over arches at entrances. 

20. Rose a Parlum dc I'llay 

21. Mrs. Arthur Curtiss 
James 

22. Paul's Lemon Pillar 

23. Blaze 

24. Climbing Souvenir de 
Claudius Pernct 

25. Scorcher 

26. Jacotte 

27. Allen's Fragrant Pillar 

28. Climbing Los Angeles 

29. Climbing Talisman 

30. Scorcher 
3L Silver Moon 

32. New Dawn 

33. Dr. Huey 

34. Marechal Niel 
(if climate is mild) 

35. Mermaid 



L Betty Uprichard 

2. Duchess of Wellington 

3. Mrs. E. P. Thom 

4. Golden Dawn 

5. Edith Nellie Perkins 

6. Red Radiance 

7. Frau Karl Druschki 

8. Miss Cynthia Forde 

9. Radiance 

10. American Beauty 

11. Etoile de Hollandc 

12. Grenoble 

13. General Jacqueminot 

14. Gaiety 

15. Polly 

16. Leonard Barron 

17. Mme. Jules Guerin 

18. Mrs. John Laing 

19. Pres. Herbert Hoover 
X. Single boxwood plants without which I think no rose- 
garden is quite complete. 



-Helen H. Hart, Maryland. 



12 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



Climbers on Long Island 

As a general comment on my roses this 
season, I could say that, as a whole, 
neither the bloom nor the growth was as 
good as in 1933. I think all the roses 
showed evidence of the severity and 
strain of the cold. 

Here is a report of my climbing roses 
after the winter of 1933-34. I am sure 
that the ability of Mermaid, Bloomfield 
Dainty, and Bloomfield Courage to with- 
stand the cold will be of interest. 

We are considered to be cold, as water 
surrounds us on three sides, and all the 
care we take is *'hilling up" of the earth 
around the plant. 

The first twenty-seven varieties have 
been trained to iron pipes about 6 feet 
tall, painted black and joined together by 
a tarred rope to make a garland effect in 
a few years. These were planted in 
March, 1933, as dormant plants. 

Albekic Barbiek. Planted to cover a rock, 
and was a mass ot small lovely coppery flowers. 
Splendid growth. 

Albertine. Killed to "hill," and did not 
make such a strong growth as the above. No 
flowers at all. A beautiful satiny rose, however. 

American Pillar. Killed to "hill," and did 
not recover as well on Long Island as it did in 
Maine, but had many gay, cheerful blooms at 
both places. 

AviATELR Bleriot. Slow to rccovcr. No 
blooms. 

Ben Stadt. Killed to "hill," and made a good 
growth. No blooms. A climber that I could do 
without. Not interesting. 

Black Bov. Planted in fall, and survived 
without much loss; had a few lovely velvety red 
flowers in June. 

Bloomfield Courage. Only a few velvety red 
flowers. Not much growth during the summer. 

Bloomfield Dainty. Scattered, dainty flow- 
ers during the summer. Made a good growth. 

Bloomfield Perfection. Did not survive 
the winter. 

Chaplin's Pink Climber. Killed to "hill" 
recovered and produced a mass of very cheerful 
and gay flowers. 

Coralie. Killed to "hill"; made strong 
growth during summer to top of pipe, but only 
one or two flowers. Very lovely but very scarce. 

Dorothy Perkins. Winter-killed badly and 
had but few flowers. 

Dr. Huey. Winter-killed, but not as severely 
as the others. Many blooms, but not what I 
expected as to quantity. 

Dr. W. Van Fleet. Planted against the 
treflis. Winter-killed but little. Flowers not as 
many as usual; always lovely. 

Emily Gray. Survived, but died in a few 
weeks. 



Evangeline. Badly winter-killed, but made 

good recovery and had dainty apple-blossom 
owers — not many, but enough to show what it 
can do by the third year. 

Evergreen Gem. The same, and made 
wonderful growth for a poor summer. 

Felicite et Perpetue. Planted over a rock. 
No winter-killing apparently; covered with 
flowers. 

Gardenia. Killed to "hill" in Maine as well 
as on Long Island. Made a wonderful growth, 
with numerous flowers, on Long Island, and 
struggled along fairly well in Maine. 

Gerbe Rose. Planted in the fall and had 
some lovely pink roses in June. Apparently very 
hardy. 

Ghislaine de Feligonde. Made a slow 
recovery, with a few scattered flowers. Ordi- 
narily, this climber is a gem when in bloom. 

Jacotte. Killed to "hill"; made strong 
growth and had some flowers. Always beautiful, 
with glossy foliage and many thorns. 

Klondyke. Planted over a rock. No winter- 
killing and had many flowers. I could not do 
without it. 

Le Reve. Made a slow recovery, having no 
bloom. 

Mary Wallace. Tips alone winter-killed. 
A mass of blooms from top to root. 

Max Graf. No winter-killing, but had only 
a very few blooms. 

Mermaid. Winter-killed to "hill," but by 
September had recovered to top of pipe. Always 
in bloom, with its lovely single creamy flowers. 

Mme. Gregoire Staechelin. Killed to 
"hill"; recovered with a strong, vigorous growth 
but no flowers. Same report from Maine. I am 
surprised that it is so hardy. 

Phyllis Bide. Planted in the fall and made 
but poor growth upward, but almost constant 
bloom for a month. Flowers like a small Albertine. 

Primrose. Killed to "hill"; made a wonderful 
growth, so upright and straight, and had some 
delightful yellow flowers. 

Schneelicht. Nothing touched it. Bloomed 
away with dazzling white flowers in June. 

Silver xMoon. Killed to "hill." Wonderful 
growth, spreading out to both sides of the tarred 
rope. Only a few flowers at bottom of plant. 

Star of Persia. Killed to "hill"; recovered 
with a good growth but no flowers. 

Thelma. Like Gerbe Rose, but no bloom. Not 
very strong growth during the past summer. 

The following were planted this spring: 

Freedom. Never sprouted. 

Ida Klemm. Eff"ective white flowers. A fair 
growth for a dry season and a buggy one. 

Lady Blanche and White Dorothy. Did 
fairly well but a slow growth. 

Mary Lovett. Looks poorly. 

Milky Way. Sulked. 

Neige d'Avril. Made good growth and gave 
promise of a lovely white eff"ect for next year. 

Sander's White and Glenn Dale. Died. 

— Charlotte Cowdrey Brown, Long 
Island. 



^^ 



: 



Get Good Plants 

Low-priced rose plants are tempting, 
particularly in these times of thin pocket- 
books. Are they really cheap? 

Here is the experience of a mernber of 
the American Rose Society who lives in 
Lincoln, Nebraska, and who reports much 
rose-bloom during the 1934 summer, 
when "we had neither rain nor dew." 
Then she tells the real story: "By careful 
selection and a bit of extra care in banking 
the bushes with earth, we have had very 
little loss— not 2 per cent where we had 
sense enough to get good plants to start 
with. The first cost may be more, but 
at the end of five years the expense has 
not been half, as there is no replanting 
and we have had the satisfaction of bloom 
all the time." 

Good roses are worth what it costs to 
grow them, dig them, store them, pack 
them, ship them, and pay a decent profit 
to the man who will take the chance. 

— Editor. 

Things to Write About 

So far, I have found no reference to 
Mexican roses, or to Spanish roses intro- 
duced into Mexico and our Texas, in any 
of your magazines or other books. Per- 
haps the subject is included in some of 
the Rose Annuals I have not read. It is 
of interest to me, as a research historian 
of TTexas as well as a rose enthusiast. 



Mr. Nicolas writes on "Hardiness" in 
the March-April, 1934, Magazine. He is 
really discussing "Hardiness to Cold." 
Now, why not turn his figures around and 
work out a theory of Hardiness to Heat? 
I am sure no Canadian longs for a 
Marechal Niel as I do tor some of those 
fragrant Rugosas which "are not for the 
South." In other words, what shall I do 
to protect these tender-to-heat roses 
from our southern summers! 



I should like someone to write an 
article, or paragraph, about a disease of 
the stems of my Radiance roses. The 
surface turns black, but not the interior 
of the stem, for an inch or so. The bud 



is still healthy, though often small and 
finishes out its life normally, except it 
hangs badly. Is this the sun? Patho- 
logical or physiological cause? 



I should like to have someone write on 
the effect of various house-paints on the 
leaves of plants. I have a paint on my 
house which kills the leaves of the rose 
plant when they touch it, or rub lightly 
against it. A white dust rubs off and rots 
the leaf. 



I should like someone to attempt a 
scale of fragrance in roses. I, for one, dis- 
like intense rose-odors. Thus, I consider 
the odor of the Climbing American 
Beauty as rank and gross — really rose 
halitosis! Rather, I would give 100 points 
to the fragrance of the Kaiserin Auguste 
Viktoria — delicate, evanescent in the first 
opening but, alas, flat and stale in the 
spread and shriveled blooms. 



We have an old freak rose in Texas — 
the green rose — known for fifty years. It 
is a running rose, and the petals of the 
flower are green. Miss Sallie Stewart, 
Brazoria, Texas, has a vine in bloom this 
year. I have not seen it. Dr. George O. 
Crochet, Nocogdoches, Texas, remembers 
this rose in his early life, fifty years ago. 
Now if our expert hybridists could get 
hold of this rose and run it through the 
present colors of our roses, who knows 
what this green rose might produce! 
Perhaps the non-existent blue rose! 



I regret that the "Proof of the Pudding" 
didn't start with the 1916 Annual, for I 
have been thinking of writing an article, 
"Contributions to the Proof of the 
Pudding as of 1916." But it could be 
done so much better by you or some 
rosarian who dates back beyond 1916. 
The only qualification I have is that all 
the roses I have were already well known 
in 1916, and why only 1916? A series, 
"as of 1900-1908, etc.," could well be 
done and be intensely interesting. 



14 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



Dean Hole's book is full of quotations 
of poetry I don't know, yet in my young 
days I devoted years to the study of 
English and American poetry. Now, put 
it up to the editor of the English Rose 
Annual to have Dean Hole's quotations 
of poetry located, giving name of poet, 
name of poem, the volume of poetry in 
which the poem appeared, and, where 
possible, print the entire poem. Some of 
Dean Hole's quotations are tantalizing. 
One just knows the whole poem must 
have been as good as that. 



Recently I read in one of the Annuals 
the article about raising roses in water in 
California. The researcher particularly 
asked for no correspondence, or I would 
write him direct. 

What interests me is the possibility of 
quick results from partial substitution of 
the salts or rare elements close kin to 
potassium, phosphorus, sulphur, nitrogen, 
by the Periodic law, for the salts of these 
common fertilizer elements. For instance, 
rubidium salts in partial replacement of 
potassium requirements, selenates in par- 
tial replacement of sulphates, and so on. 
Then, too, water culture would appear 
the quick way to find the effect of iron 
salts, of chromium, manganese, lithium, 
and many other salts, on colors of rose 
blooms, hairs on canes, etc. 



As I am planning to run different climb- 
ing roses in double trellises in my scaflblds, 
I would like to have a symposium on 
what roses will blend well on trellises and 
what roses will not. Some maintain any 
combination of roses on trellises will look 
fme. Maybe so, but I'd like to hear what 
the old-time rosarians think about it. 



I suggest colored sets of cards of all 
roses you have in color in your files or 
other files obtainable, with an account of 
them, modified to date, as in your 
"Modern Roses," at the bottom, not on 
the back of the card. This schedule 
would enormously aid amateurs like me, 
both in the study and the garden, and it 
might help professional judging, too. 



In the revised version of "Modern 
Roses" I suggest index classification of 
roses (1) by color, (2) fragrance, (3) 
"everblooming-ness," (4) prolificacy, etc. 
And this should be combined with scales 
of color, fragrance, "everblooming-ness," 
and all roses lined up by them. For 
instance, right now I should like to know 
the "blackest rose" in existence, or ex- 
tinct. Of course, I understand there is no 
really black rose. 

— Samuel E. Asbury, Texas. 

The 1917 American Rose Annual 

"The interest in the rose cannot pass. 
The appeal of the flower is practically 
universal. The variety in form and color 
is wide, and the adaptations remarkable. 
It has become part of the experience of 
the race." 

These words from the pen of Liberty 
Hyde Bailey introduce the 1917 Rose 
Annual. 

A set of the American Rose Annuals is 
a mine of rose-information, containing the 
answer to most any question a lover of the 
Queen of Flowers might ask. 

Let us note a few highlights in this 
particular volume, the American rosarian's 
textbook of eighteen years ago. 

Several of America's greatest rosarians 
wrote articles for this Annual; many of 
them have since passed on. 

Capt. George C. Thomas, Jr., devoted 
several pages to long lists of the best 
roses for the different sections of the 
United States. Many of the varieties are 
unobtainable in this country today (too 
bad, too, for some of them should never 
have been dropped and there are several 
Teas in the lists which are just as lovely 
and desirable today as they were then); 
the article closes with comments on the 
year's novelties. 

Admiral Aaron Ward listed his choice 
among recent introductions, and as a 
tribute to this great man's rose ability we 
note that a large proportion of the roses 
he named either lasted for several years 
before dropping out or are still in the 
front ranks. 

Admiral Ward is followed by W. C. 
Egan, that fine plantsman of Highland 



^v 



»» 



' 



Park, Ills., who tells of his favorites grown 
under the trying Illinois conditions. 

Sarah A. Hill gives an illuminating 
report of her father's most promising 
seedlings selected from a crop of 2500. 
Two of these, No. 392 and No. 427, made 
rose history, the former as Columbia and 
the latter as Premier. What would the 
florist industry of the past fifteen years 
have been without these two and their 
descendants? 

The Editor then discusses the year's 
novelties, and we find two which became 
famous, Fred Howard's lovely Los Angeles 
and Dr. Van Fleet's beautiful climber, 
Alida Lovett. 

This is followed by an interesting 
report on his year's work by Dr. Van 
Fleet; it is well to know the different 
species Van Fleet used in his effort to 
produce the perfect dooryard rose. 

A new system of scoring roses is re- 
ported by Jesse A. Currey, who started 
Portland, Ore., on its way to rose- fame. 

One of the best budding leSsons ever 
written is that by Dr. Robert Huey, the 
great Philadelphia rosarian, who started 
Captain Thomas on the road to rose-fame. 

Mr. G. A. Parker, Superintendent of 
Parks at Hartford, Conn., Mrs. Francis 
King, Theodore Wirth of the Minneapolis 
Parks, Dr. E. M. Mills, F. L. Mulfcrd of 
the Department of Agriculture, Dr. J. 
Horace McFarland, and W. B. Burgoyne, 
Mayor of St. Catharines, Ontario, are 
well-known rosarians who wrote inter- 
estingly of their rose experiences. 

Dr. L. M. Massey, who has been family 
physician to the rose for many, many 
years, gave one of his fine lectures on how 
to keep the plants healthy. 

An interesting feature of this volume, 
as well as others of the early ones, is a 
"List of American Roses" compiled by 
Charles E. F. Gersdorff, of Washington, 
D. C; this feature brought up to date 
would be welcome today. 

These are only a few of the fine things 
to be found in this splendid book; all of 
the Annuals are similarly packed with 
articles of interest and value and I 
earnestly urge all members of the Society 
who do not have a complete set to secure 
copies of these old Annuals while they 
are still available. — R. Marion Hatton. 



On Winter Hardiness 



We had the second coldest winter in 
1933-34 ever experienced in this vicinity, 
with minimum temperature 8° below 
zero; and I am glad to report that out of 
157 Hybrid Teas I lost only eight plants, 
and these were nearly all weak and would 
not have lasted much longer anyway. 
The varieties hardest hit were: Abol, 
Charles P. Kilham, Duchess of Welling- 
ton, Lady Margaret Stewart, Pink Pearl, 
Souv. de H. A. Verschuren, and Wilhelm 
Kordes, but all of them made good recov- 
ery. The hardiest Hybrid Tea of all, next 
to Gruss an Teplitz, proved to be Autumn. 

All Hybrid Perpetuals came through 
fine, some with only tips frozen, and on 
the Moss rose Salet, even the tips were 
unharmed. 

I had only three climbers last winter. 
One, believed to be Climbing American 
Beauty, had only its tips frozen; Blaze 
had only one tip frozen; and Mme. 
Gregoire Staechelin was hit hardest, being 
frozen half-way to the ground. It was 
about 15 feet high, and it never bloomed 
at all this past season but recovered 
nearly its full height and several new canes 
grew from the base during the summer. 

Most Hybrid Teas were more vigorous 
than last year, in spite of the fact that 
only newdy planted roses were hilled up 
— all the other plants had no protection. 
In this vicinity we seldom find it neces- 
sary to hill up roses for winter protection. 
— Carl L. Treide, Maryland. 

Book Reviews 

How TO Arrange Flowers, by 
Dorothy Biddle. Doubleday, Doran & 
Co., Inc. New York. $1. 

Most books on flower arrangement are 
too elaborate. They attempt too much. 
This little volume tells just enough, and 
tells it clearly in words and figures. 

While roses are not featured in the 
book, several arrangements of them are 
included by way of example and the 
principles underlying the art apply to 
roses as to all flowers. 

It should be a useful book for those 
who go in for decorative arrangements in 
flower shows. 

This book is in the Society's Library. 



16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



17 



SUMMARY— 'PROOF OF THE PUDDING" 

By PAUL B. SANDERS, Guelph, Ontario 

The tabulation which follows is one of several excellent summaries of the "Proof of the Pudding" 
which came in response to the Editor's request for help in coordinating it. This is a sound piece of 
work and should be a valuable guide to rose purchasers this spring. It is Paul Sanders' last contri- 
bution to the study of the roses he loved so well. He died last June. — Editor. 

Generalities. In preparing this summary no consideration was given to any variety reported in less than two 
issues of the "Prool" of the Pudding," some 357 varieties being mentioned two or more times. Of these, 95 were eliminated 
because of scarcity of reports (6 being considered the minimum number for any one variety) and 29 were dropped because 
of serious general adverse criticism. The remaining 233 varieties have been divided into four tables, the first covering those 
sorts generally approved, the second listing those varieties considered good but not outstanding, the third group being 
those only fair, and the fourth listing the remainder, varieties upon which reports, favorable or otherwise, have been re- 
ceived from (jnly a few contributors — generally resident of nearby states or districts. — P. B. S. 

TABLE I 
VARIETIES RECEIVING AT LEAST 75 PER CENT FAVORABLE CRITICISM 

Variety No. Years Total No. For Fair Against Remarks 

Reported Reports 

Admiration 2 10 8 — 2 Weak color only fault. 

Betty Uprichard 3 53 46 7 — Poorest on Pacific Coast. 

Breeze Hill 4 18 16 1 1 

Cecil 3 16 13 2 1 

Comtesse Vandal 3 32 26 3 3 

Condesa de Sastago 2 18 13 3 2 

Cuba 2 28 21 — 7 

Dainty Bess 3 25 21 4 — . 

Edith Nellie Perkins 4 48 36 11 1 Not satisfactory in Calilornia. 

Feu Joseph Looymans 2 34 27 6 1 

Glenn Dale 4 16 12 3 1 

Golden Dawn 5 54 50 3 1 ^ ,.r ■ 

Henry Nevard 3 10 9 — 1 Unfavorable report from California. 

Imperial Potentate 2 33 27 3 3 

Irish Charm 2 11 9— 2 

Kirsten Poulsen 2 8 8 — — ■,„ ,,-^ • .r^-r-vri 

Margaret McGredy 2 46 34 8 4 Unfavorable in Ontario and Pacific North- 
west. Excellent to fair elsewhere. 

Mary Hart 2 10 9 1 — 

Max Krause 2 14 12 — 2 

McGredv's Ivory 3 29 28 — 1 

McGredy's Scarlet 4 44 32 6 6 Color weak. 

Mermaid 3 17 15 1 1 

Mine. Gregoire Staechelin 3 34 26 5 3 

Mrs. E. P. Thorn 3 35 28 4 3 

Mrs. Henry Bowles 2 23 19 4 — 

Mrs Sam McGredy 4 67 57 9 1 Occasional weak growth and shy bloom. 

National Flower Guild 3 15 11 2 2 

Portadown Fragrance 3 15 11 3 1 Decidedly fragrant. 

Primrose 5 25 18 4 3 

Rev. F. Page-Roberts 3 32 25 5 2 

Richard E. West . . • 2 12 9 2 1 

Souv. d' Alexandre Bernaix 4 21 19 1 1 

Souv. de George Beckwith 3 11 9 2 — 

Souv. de Mme. C. Chambard .... 2 26 22 3 1 Occasionally a little shy. 

Una Wallace 2 13 9" 2 2 

Vanguard 3 10 7 3 — 

TABLE II 
VARIETIES RECEIVING 50 TO 75 PER CENT FAVORABLE CRITICISM 

Variety No. Years Total No. For Fair Against Remarks 

Reported Reports 

Abol 3 25 14 8 3 Good fragrance. 

Albertine 2 9 5— 4 

Amami 2 28 17 10 1 A "specialist's" rose. 

Ami Quinard 3 30 20 3 7 Weak in New England. 

Angele Pernet 3 43 28 8 7 

Autumn 3 42 25 12 5 Not so satisfactory in New England. 

Bishop Darlington 3 12 8 1 3 Best in Maryland, Washington, Idaho, and 

California. 

Black Boy 4 17 11 3 3 

Briarcliff 3 18 12 2 4 

CI. Mme. Edouard Herriot 2 14 12 — 2 Particularly good in New England and on 

Pacific Coast. 

Dame Edith Helen 2 45 29 6 10 Excellent in South. Exhibition. 

Diadem 3 19 11 5 3 

Dotty 2 13 7 4 2 

Dr. Edward Deacon 2 12 8 1 3 

Dr. E. M. Mills 4 21 12 2 7 

Duquesa de Penaranda 3 19 12 3 4 Color fades, but there is definite promise. 

Editor McFarland 4 38 22 7 9 

E.G.Hill 5 72 45 11 16 Weak stems. "Fair everywhere." 

Elvira Aramayo 3 26 13 10 3 

Etoile de Feu 3 8 5 2 1 

Federico Casas 3 19 11 2 6 



*»y 






Variety No. Years 

Reported 

Florex 3 

Gaiety 4 

Gloria Mundi 3 

Grenoble 2 

Impress 4 

Irish Hope 3 

Ivy May 4 

Jacotte 2 

Joanna Hill 5 

J. Otto Thilow 5 

Joyous Cavalier 3 

Jules Gaujard 4 

Konigin Luise 3 

Lady Forteviot 5 

Lady Margaret Stewart 2 

Leonard Barron 4 

Lord Charlemont 3 

Lucile Rand 2 

Marguerite Chambard 4 

Mari Dot 3 

Mevrouw G. A. van Rossem .... 2 

Mme. Albert Barbier 3 

Mme. Alexandre Dreux 3 

Mme. Henry Queuille 4 

Mme. Nicolas Aussel 3 

Mrs. A. R. Barraclough 3 

Mrs. Beatty , 4 

Mrs. C. W. Edwards 4 

Mrs. G. C. Thomas 2 

Mrs. J. Heath 2 

Mrs. Lovell Swisher 3 

Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont 5 

Mrs. W. E. Nickerson 4 

Night 4 

Norman Lambert 2 

Nuntius Pacelli 3 

Patience 4 

Pink Pearl 2 

Polly 4 

President Herbert Hoover 5 

President Jac. Smits 5 

President Plumecocq 2 

Roselandia 3 

Rosella Sweet 3 

Salmon Spray 2 

Shot Silk 3 

Sir David Davis 3 

Soeur Therese 2 

Swansdown 4 

Talisman 5 

Thelma 3 

Ville de Paris 4 

W, A. Bilney 4 

W. E. Chaplin 4 

White Ensign 4 



Towl No. 


For 


Fair 


Agai 


Reports 








16 


8 


2 


6 


31 


21 


5 


5 


13 


7 


3 


3 


25 


14 


3 


8 


32 


20 


7 


5 


19 


11 


6 


2 


14 


7 


3 


4 


19 


10 


3 


6 


63 


36 


18 


9 


40 


21 


8 


11 


16 


11 


2 


3 


57 


32 


9 


16 


10 


7 


1 


2 


44 


27 


9 


8 


44 


26 


9 


9 


29 


15 


5 


9 


25 


15 


5 


5 


9 


6 




3 


11 


8 


1 


2 


29 


20 




9 


23 


13 


7 


3 


20 


16 


2 


2 


14 


10 


3 


3 


18 


11 


2 


5 


24 


16 


8 




48 


34 


8 


6 


20 


11 


1 


8 


15 


8 


3 


4 


14 


10 




4 


11 


5 


5 


1 


31 


20 


9 


2 


66 


44 


13 


9 


31 


19 


11 


1 


19 


10 


8 


1 


21 


12 


4 


5 


16 


9 


4 


3 


40 


24 


3 


13 


21 


13 


5 


3 


20 


13 


7 


— 


114 


74 


25 


15 


31 


17 


8 


6 


11 


6 


4 


1 


29 


18 


7 


4 


26 


20 


5 


1 


7 


4 


2 


1 


32 


16 


6 


10 


30 


20 


6 


4 


19 


11 


5 


3 


15 


9 


4 


2 


96 


60 


15 


21 


10 


5 


4 


1 


53 


34 


7 


12 


17 


13 


2 


2 


28 


17 


7 


4 


16 


10 


6 


— 



Remarks 



Weak plants; exhibition blooms. 



Exhibition. Excellent on Pacific Coast. 
Excellent in South and on Pacific Coast. 
A splendid garden variety. 

Variable. Good in Texas and Pennsylvania. 



Exhibition. Not satisfactory in Virginia 
and Ohio. 

Reports not enthusiastic. 

Reports not enthusiastic; growth weak. 



— Weak neck; sprawling growth. 



Particularly fine on Pacific Coast; not 
always hardy. 



Plants frequently weak. 
Particularly good during first season. 



Shy. 



Shy. 

Black-spots badly; shy bloomer, or would 
be in Table I, 

Best on Pacific Coast and in Southwest. 



Poor in hot weather, or would be in Table I. 



A "specialist's" rose. Would be in Table I 
for its beautiful flowers, but kills back 
badly over winter. 



TABLE III 

VARIETIES SECURING (UNDER HEADINGS "FOR" AND "FAIR") 50 PER CENT 

OF THE TOTAL REPORTS 

Variety No. Years Total No. For Fair Against Remarks 

Reported Reports 

Amulett 2 9 4 2 3 

Arrillaga 3 12 3 8 1 

Bedford Crimson 3 13 5 6 2A good bedding rose. 

Blaze ,_ 2 16 5 7 4 Not yet well enough known. 

Caledonia 4 37 16 16 5 Balls; not fragrant. A good rose. 

Cayetana Stuart 3 12 2 4 6 Shy. 

Chaplin's Pink Climber 5 24 9 9 6 

Charles P. Kilham 4 51 25 20 6 Exhibition. A "specialist's" rose which 

might go in Table II. 

Comtesse de Castilleja 2 9 1 5 3 

Daily Mail Scented 3 12 5 6 1 

Director Rubio 5 35 11 10 14 Good in Texas. 

Duchess of Atholl 4 41 19 13 9 Good in South. 

Duchess of York 4 15 6 2 7 Enthusiasm scarce. 

Edith Krause 2 10 2 7 1 

E. J. Ludding 3 19 9 3 7 

Else Beckwith 2 12 3 6 3 

Everest 4 26 11 8 7 

Florence L. Izzard 2 15 5 3 7 

Gladys Benskin 3 22 5 11 6 

Golden Gleam 3 15 6 3 6 



18 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



W 



Variety 



No. Years Total No. 

Reported Reports 

Golden Salmon 3 1^ 

Gwyneth Jones 2 " 

Hilda 4 17 

Irish Courage 3 11 

James Gibson -4 37 

J. C. Thornton .5 26 

John C. M. Mensing .2 12 

Julia, Countess of Uartrey ..... 2 12 

Julien Potin .3 68 

Kardinal Pilll 3 12 

Lady Barnby 3 16 

Lady Florence Stronge 3 22 

Li Bures 4 38 

Lord Castlereagh 2 H 

Lord Rossmore 3 13 

Lucie Marie 4 47 

Mama Lamesch 2 ^ 

Marcia Stanh(jpe 3 11 

Marion Cran 3 44 

Mary Picklord 2 IV 

May Wetlern 4 40 

Miss Marion Manilold 2 10 

Miss Rovvena Thorn 3 44 

Mme. Raymond Gaujard ^Olympiad) . 3 54 



For Fair Against 



Remarks 



4 

3 

7 

6 

13 

12 

5 

4 

30 

4 
2 
7 

10 
5 
6 

23 
i 
2 

14 
6 

19 
3 

21 

10 



New Dawn 3 28 10 

Phyllis Bide 3 1 J 6 

Poitadown Bedder 3 12 2 

President Cheriou.\ 3 19 8 

Rapture 3 20 9 

Richardson Wright 2 11 5 

Ruskin 3 11 5 

Sarah Van Meet 2 9 3 

Schwahcniand 4 21 7 

Solarium 3 14 4 

Souvenir 2 10 J 

Syracuse 3 14 6 

The General 2 9 4 

Victor Waddilove 2 9 3 

W. E. Wallace 3 11 2 

William E. Nickerson 3 12 5 

William Orr 2 13 2 

The next, and final, lable lists those varieties repctrted on 
this Table, Ontario and British Columbia arc listed as states. So 
might be encouraged; others appear to be headed for the ash-pi 



9 

3 

9 

1 

7 
10 

4 

3 
12 

3 

13 
9 

22 

4 

4 
10 

5 

6 
13 

7 
12 

5 

4 
18 

6 
5 

4 
5 
1 
2 

5 
7 
6 
3 
1 
2 
3 
7 
6 
7 

more 
me of t 
le, whil 



6 

1 
4 

17 
4 
3 
5 

26 

5 
1 
6 
5 
2 
J 

14 
3 
3 

17 
6 
9 
2 

19 

26 

12 
2 
6 
6 

10 
4 
1 
1 
7 
4 
4 
7 
3 
3 
2 
1 
4 

than 
hese 
e sti 



Very variable. 

Considerable confusion; this variety de- 
serves a better position. 



Fxhibition. 

Poorly shaped flower; strong grower. 



Shy. 

No enthusiasm. 

Either a "specialist's" rose or over- 
propagated. 



Might go into Table II. 



five times, but from less than six states. For 
varieties have done so well that further reports 
[| more are, at least, fair. 



TABLE IV 
VARIETIES INSUFFICIENTLY REPORTED FOR DEFINITE RESULTS TO BE OBTAINED 



Variety No. Years 

Reported 
Ambassador 3 



Anne 2 



Annette Gravereaux 
Aphrodite 



2 
1 



Ariel 3 

Attraction 2 

Barbara Richards 3 

Barbara Robinson 3 

Betty Sutor 2 

Bloomfield Courage 2 

Bloomfield Flame 3 



Total No. 


States 




States 


States 


Reports 


For 




Fair 


Against 


7 


Calif. 


2 


lex. 1 






N. Y. 


2 


Ore. 1 






Ore. 








3 


Ont. 
B.C. 




Ont. 1 




3 






Ont. 3 




9 


Mass. 
Ont. 
Tex. 
B.C. 


3 




Pa. 


8 


Mass. 




Mass. 1 






Pa. 




Pa. 1 






Wash. 










N. Y. 










N.J. 








6 


Ont. 




Ont. 1 






Calif. 




B.C. 1 
Pa. 1 




15 


Eng. 




Ont. 5 


Mass. 




N. Y. 




N. Y, 1 






Ont. 




Pa. 1 




10 


Pa. 
R. I. 
N.J. 
Ont. 


5 






6 






Pa. 2 
Ont. 2 
I owa 1 


B.C. 


7 


Md. 
Pa. 
Mass. 
R. I. 
Wash. 


2 


Pa. 1 




7 


Pa. 

Mass. 

Calif. 




Pa. 2 
Calif. 1 


Calif. 



Remarks 



All 3 reports are from 

Canada. 
All from Canada. 
8 for; 1 against. 



Nobody against. 



7 for, 7 fair, I against. A 
beautiful rose on weak 
plants. 

All favorable. 



1 Evidently fair only. 



None against. 



1 3 for, 3 fair, 1 against. 



Variety 
Canary . . 



No. Yean 
R^oited 



Total No. States 
Reports For 

10 Ont. 1 

B.C. 1 






r.V-, 



n 



Capt. F. S. Harvey-Cant ... 2 

Cathrine Kordes 2 

Charies H. Rigg ^ 

Oara d'Arcis 2 

Conqueror • . 3 

Desmond Johnston . . . .3 

06iBe de Broglie 3 

Dr. Eckener .4 

Dr. Herbert Hawkeswoith . . 3 
Duchess of Montrose 3 

Ednah Thomas ....... 2 

Elizabeth of York .3 

iSlen Terry ......... 3 

Emily Dodd 3 



Essence 



* * » « ^ 



Evert van Dyk 2 



Fascination . . 



Flamingo 



.2 
.2 



Frail. Weigand .2 

Golden Moss 2 

Grenadier *2 

Gwen Nash .2 






, .. jr 



4' 



V. 



7 
8 

6 
4 
9 

10 
13 

6 
8 

9 
10 
11 

11 

11 

7 

6 

8 

6 
6 
6 
6 



Wash. 
Mass. 

R. I. 

Ont. 

B.C. 

Pa. 

Ont. 

Pa. 

N.Y. 

Tex. 

Mass. 

!»<• 

Tea. 

Pa. 

Matf. 

Ont. 

o. C 

Ont. 

N.Y. 

Wash. 

^- 

R.I. 

N.Y. 

Pa. 

Va. 

Mass. 

Ont. 

Ont. 

N.Y. 

Va. 

Pa. 

Ore. 

Calif. 

Pa. 

Ont. 

Calif. 

N.Y. 

Wash. 

Pa. 

Mass. 

Ont. 

Ont. 

N.Y. 

Pa. 

Ma«i. 

Calif. 

N.Y. 

Va. 

Okla. 

Ont. 

Tes. 

Man. 

Mass. 

N. J. 



Mass. 

Ont. 

Pa. 

R. I. 

N.Y. 

Ont. 

Calif. 

N.Y. 

Pa. 



2 
1 
I 
3 
1 
3 
3 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
3 
1 
1 
1 
1 

3 
2 
1 
2 
2 
2 
3 
1 
1 
1 
3 
2 
2 
2 
2 
1 
2 
4 
1 
1 

2 
1 
2 
1 
1 
5 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
A 



2 
1 
3 
2 
1 
2 
4 
1 
1 



States 

Fair 

Mass. 2 

Chit. 3 

N.Y 1 



N.Y. 1 
Ont. 2 



N.Y. 1 
Idaho 1 
Ont. 2 



Ont. 3 

Calif. 2 

Pa. 2 

Qnt. 1 



Ont. 1 

Ont. 1 
R. I. 1 



Ore. 1 

Calif. 1 

Ont. 2 

Ont. 1 



Ont. 1 
Pa. 1 

Ont. 1 
Mass. 1 

Mass. 1 

Ont. 1 

Calif. 1 

Ont. 1 

Pk. 1 



R. I, 1 
Ont. t 



States 

Against 

Ont. 1 

Tex. 1 

OOif. 1 



Pa. 



Wash. 2 Mass. 



Pa. 
Pa. 

Ont. 
? 

Pa. 



Pa. 
Ont. 

Calif. 



Ont. 
Pa. 



Qnt. 

Wash. 
Pa. 

Ont. 



Calif. 
Pa. 
Va. 
Va. 

Mass. 

Ont. 



2 
1 



2 
2 

1 
1 



2 
1 
1 
1 

1 

1 



Remarks 
"In and outi" 



An exhibition rose — ^and 
a good one. Could very 
nearly go in Table I. 



A fine varietjK. 

Might go in Table I, 
tnougn it has not been 
thflit good here. 

2 Miz^ opinion. 

Very ausceptibie to black> 



1 
4 

1 Nothing very definite! 

How many against in 
1933? 



3 
1 

1 A ipod rose. 



, ^! '■: 



B«lder. 

No reports since 19%. 
Why? 






.'»■;• 



■i*' 






^' 



18 



V'ariii y 

( loli 1(11 Sa I III" )M 

< J \% \ art ii .J'liii s 

Hilda 

Ii isli ( iiiii a{-'i 
,)a mcs ( III )si)ii 

J. ( ^. I llOl llt'i!) . . 

Jiiliii ( .. M . \li iisiiip 

J ulia, ( omitf ,s <,l l).> r! II \ 

.Jula a I'ol III 



THE AMIiRICAN ROSi- MAGAZlNii 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



19 



No. '^'tais lotal No. l-oi lair Against 
Ktjjortccl Kipoits 



Kt marks 



Kardiiial Pilll 

I ad V Hal iiliV 

I ad V I' I' lUiu t Si (( injit- 

I I liiir< s 

I oi ( I ( ,ast It I ( .ij' Ii 

1 oi d |{l IS^ IIIOI ( 

I .111 ic M a I i< 
\la ma I a iik - 1 h 
M,i u la Sla nliopc 
M a I loll ( .ra II 

\l,ll\ Pllklol.l 

\la V W ( I li III 

Miss Marion \1aiiiloid 

\1 iss M< )S". « na I lioln 

M liK . Ka \ inoiK U .a Hi. id 0!\in;.i!,i(l 



\iw D.iv. r. . . 

I'livllis Hid.- 

I'oi t adi >\s II H<(ld( I 

l'r<M( It'll t ( Ik I loll ^ 

Kapliiic 

Kiiliaidsoii \\ I n' h' 

Kiiskiii 

S.irali V a II I h t ' 

Scliss abflii.i lid 

"sol.i I III ill . 

^oiivtiiir 
S\ I .uiisf 
I lie ( . ( 1 1 < I . d 
\ K lor \\ .iddilo\ 1 
W. 1 . Wall uc 
W'lllia 111 \:. Nil ki I soil 

\\ llll.llN Oil . 



i 

1 
i 
4 
5 
2 
> 



V* 


4 


'y 


f) 


t) 


i 


\ 


i 


17 


7 


<> 


1 


11 


() 


1 


4 


i7 


H 


/ 


17 


2(> 


12 


10 


4 


12 


5 


4 


S 


12 


4 


\ 


1 


(,H 


50 


12 


2(. 


\1 


4 


\ 


S 


U. 


2 


\ \ 


1 


11 


1 


•> 


^) 


iH 


10 


21 


T 


11 


5 


4 


2 


1 ', 





4 


'i 


\i 


1\ 


10 


14 


<> 


\ 


'. 


i 


n 


2 


(^ 


i 


4V 


14 


1 \ 


1/ 


Vi 


6 


1 


i, 


40 


V) 


12 


*) 


10 


i 


5 


f 


44 


21 


4 


Vi 


54 


10 


IH 


JJ> 


2H 


10 


(t 


12 


1 i 


6 


^ 


) 


12 


) 


1 


t, 


1'> 


H 


"t 


(, 


20 


V 


1 


10 


11 


•5 


2 


4 


1 1 


s 


•1 


1 


(^ 


i 


•> 


1 


I 1 


/ 


/ 


/ 


1 \ 


4 





1 
■ t 


10 


i 


\ 


f 


1 1 





1 


/ 


if 


4 


J 


i 


if 


i 


"i 


■> 


11 


2 


/ 


> 


12 


5 


() 


11 


1 5 


2 


/ 


4 



V t.rv ^.lllalJl^. 



( .onsiili iai<li- 1 1. Illusion; lliis \:uKtv dc 
-ir\<.s a IjiMir position. 



1 \llli<lt loll. 

14 I'ooiU •-h ipi (I llowt r; si loiij.', ^ro\s( I . 



No 111! hnsiasiii. 

I it her a "spi lialist's" rosf or o\ ir- 
propa;.'at( (I. 



M 



it;ii! .;o 



., I iMr II. 



I he II. -vt, and lii.al, lahl.' lists tli<,sc \aiirtiis npoitrd on iiior,- th.in liv.' tini.s, l,a; Iroiii l.ss than si\ statis. I'.-r 
;his I .il.k', Ontario .and Hiitisli ( :oliinil.i.i an- listi-d as st.iics. Soiiu .,1 t lust; \.in< u.^ i,,,M' ih.iif so uill that lurtliir r. ports 
iiii^iiit III inroiii.i(M d; <jl In is appeal to l)C li.adid lor the .isli |mIc, wIiiIc still iiioif aic, a; Last, lair. 

TABLE IV 
VAKIiril-S INSMMCIIiNTLY RHPOR'I I-D FOR DHI INITi: RHSILTS TO BH OBTAINliD 



\,:i 1. t V 
A Ml I <asv,i(ii )i 



No. \ ca IS lotal No 
Kil)ortrd K( port 



i 



1 11 nc 



Annit ti ( >ra\ .1 . an \ 
.'\i)lii odii (• 



Arul 



Attrait ion 2 

H.irUara Kirliards 5 

Harbaia Kolciisoii 3 

H< Ity Sntoi 2 

Hlooinliild (;onra>.;f 2 

Hlooinli.ld Manif I 



d No. 


States 




State 


s 


States 


jort s 


\u, 




lair 




A-;iiri^t 


7 


( .illl. 


) 


I.A. 


1 






N N . 


> 


Or.-. 


1 






Ore. 










5 


Out. 
H. C. 




Out. 


1 




5 






OiU. 


5 




*) 


.Mass. 
Ont. 
lex. 

H. C. 








I'a. 


8 


Mass. 




Mass. 


1 






\\i. 


2 


Pa. 


1 






Wash. 












N. ^ . 












N.J. 










U 


Ont. 


2 


Ont. 


1 






Caiil. 




H. C. 
Pa. 


1 
1 




15 


l-.n^^ 




Ont. 


5 


M.iss. 




N. ^ . 




N. ^ . 


1 






Ont. 




Pa. 


1 




10 


Pa. 
K. 1. 

N . .1 . 

Onl. 


5 








6 






Pa. 

Out. 

Iowa 


) 
2 
1 


H. C. 


7 


Md. 
Pa. 
Mass. 
K. 1. 
Wash. 


) 


Pa. 


1 




7 


Pa. 




Pa. 


) 


Calif. 




Mass. 




Calil. 


T 






Calil. 











Kemarks 



All i rejjorts are Iroin 

( Juiada. 
All iroiu (^anad.i. 
1 H ior; 1 against. 



Nobody against. 



7 lor, 7 lair, 1 against. A 
beaut ilul n^sc on weak 
plants. 

All iavorable. 



1 l:.vidintlv lair only. 
None against . 

1 3 ior, I lair, 1 against. 



Variety 



C-anary . 



No. Years 
Reported 
. . 3 



Capt. F". S. Marvey-Cant ... 2 

(Jathrine Korcles 2 

Charles H. Rigg 2 

Clara d'Arcis 2 

C'onqueror 3 

Desmond Johnston 3 

Diane dc Broglie 3 

Dr. Eckener 4 

Dr. Herbert Hawkesworth . . 3 
Duchess of Montrose 3 

Ednah Thomas 2 

Elizal)eth of York 3 

Ellen Terry 3 

Emily Dodd 3 

Essence 2 

Evert van Dyk 2 

Fascination 2 

Flamingo 2 

Frail E. Weigand 2 

Golden Moss 2 

Grenadier 2 

Gwen Nash 2 



tal No 


States 




States 


States 




Remarks 


L'ports 


For 




Fair 


Against 






10 


Ont. 


1 


Mass. 2 


Ont. 


1 


"In and out!" 




B.C. 


1 


Ont. 3 

N. Y. 1 


Tex . 


1 




9 


Wash. 
Mass. 
R. I. 
Ont. 
B.C. 


2 
1 
1 
3 

1 




Calif. 


1 


An exhibition rose — and 
a good one. Could very 
nearly go in Table I. 


7 


Pa. 
Ont. 


3 
3 


N. Y. 1 






A fine variety. 


8 


Pa. 
N. Y. 
Tex. 
Mass. 
Eng. 


2 

1 
1 
I 

1 


Ont. 2 






Might go in Table I, 
tnough it has not been 
that good here. 


6 


Tex. 
Pa. 


1 
1 


N. Y. 1 
Idaho 1 


Pa. 


2 


Mixed opinion. 


4 


Mass. 
Ont. 


I 
1 


Ont. 2 






Very susceptible to black- 
spot. 


9 


B. C. 
Ont 

N. Y. 
Wash. 


1 
3 
1 

1 


Wash. 2 


Mass. 


1 




10 


Calif. 
Ore. 


1 
1 


Ont. 3 
Calif. 2 
Pa. 2 


Pa. 


1 




13 


R. I. 

N. Y. 

Pa. 

Va. 


3 

2 
1 
2 


Ont. 1 


Pa. 


4 




6 


Mass. 
Ont. 


2 
2 


Ont. I 


Ont. 


1 


Nothing very definite! 


8 


Ont. 


3 


Ont. 1 


? 




How many against in 




N. Y. 


1 


R. I. 1 






1933? 




Va. 


1 












Pa. 


1 










9 


Ore. 

Calif. 
Pa. 


3 

2 
2 


Ore. 1 


Pa. 


1 




10 


Ont. 


2 


Calif. 1 


Pa. 


3 






Calif. 


2 




Ont. 


1 






N. Y. 


1 










11 


Wash. 
Pa. 
Mass. 
Ont. 


2 
4 

1 
1 


Ont. 2 


Calif. 


1 


A good rose. 


11 


Ont. 


2 


Ont. 1 


Ont. 


2 






N. Y. 


1 




Pa. 


1 






Pa. 


2 












Mass. 


1 












Calif. 


1 










11 


N. Y. 


5 




Ont. 


2 






Va. 


1 




Pa. 


2 






Okla. 


1 










7 


Ont. 


1 


Ont. 1 


Wash. 


1 


7 




Tex. 


1 


Pa. 1 


Pa. 


1 






Mass. 


1 










6 


Mass. 
N.J. 
N. Y. 


I 
1 
1 


Ont. 1 

Mass. 1 


Ont. 


1 




8 


Mass. 


1 


Mass. 1 
Ont. 1 

Calif. 1 


Calif. 

Pa. 

Va. 


2 
1 

1 


? 


6 


Mass. 
Ont. 


2 
1 


Ont. 1 
Pa. 1 


Va. 


1 




6 


Pa. 
R. I. 


3 

2 




Mass. 


1 




6 


N. Y. 
Ont. 


1 
2 


R. I. 1 
Ont. 1 


Ont. 


1 


Redder. 


6 


Calif. 
N. Y. 
Pa. 


4 
1 

1 








No reports since 1930. 
Why? 



INTENTIONAL SECOND EXPOSURE 



20 

Variety 
I Ziiiji.iri . . 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



No. Yiars Total No. 
Htportfd Kcporls 



Joan Cant ^ 

Johanna Tantau i 

Jr)hanniszaul)rr 4 



June Boyd 



i 



Lady Helen Mapilona 3 

Ladylove i 

Louise Krause 2 

Mrs. Beckwith 3 



Mrs. Georjie Geary . 



3 



Mrs. Herbert Dowsett .... 2 

Mrs. Redlord 2 

Oswald Sieper 2 

Ferfunie 3 

President Deville 3 

Frineess Elizabeth of Greece . 2 
Rose Berkby 3 

Royal Se<Jt 2 

Sally lite 2 

Sophie Thcjnias 2 

Sunny South .2 

Siinstar . 3 

Templar 2 



H 
10 

6 

H 
Kt 

r. 
10 

8 

6 
6 

C) 

H 

6 

6 
6 
7 

6 

7 



Slates 
lor 
Calif. 
Idaho 
Pa. 
Ont. 
B. C. 
Pa. 
N. Y. 
Mass. 
R. 1. 
Pa. 
Ont. 
Pa. 
Md. 
Mass. 
Pa. 



Ont. 
B. C. 

Mass. 
Calif. 



1 
1 
1 
i 

1 

T 
1 
1 

3 
1 
2 
3 
1 
2 

T 



6 
1 
2 

T 



I he Beaeon 



ri^o 



Vietoria Harrinfj;ton 2 



6 
6 



N. \. 

.Mass. 
N. J. 
Ont. 
Pa. 
Ont. 
B. C. 

Pa. 

Ont. 
Conn. 
Ont. 
R. 1. 

Mass. 

Ont. 

Ont. 

N. Y. 

N.Y. 

R. L 

Mass. 

Ont. 

Tex. 

Mass. 

Calif. 

Calif. 

Calif. 

Mass. 

Pa. 

Pa. 

Tex. 

R. L 

Calif. 

Ont. 

R. 1. 

Temi. 

Ky. 

Pa. 

Colo. 

N. Y. 

D. of Col. 

Pa. 

B. C. 

Calif. 

Ore. 

Wash. 



States 

Fair 

Ont. 1 

Pa. 1 



1. 



Pa. 



Vix. 

R. 1. 
Pa. 

Ont. 
Calif. 
Pa. 
C<jnn. 



Ont. 2 
hiaho 2 
Ont. 3 
Pa. 2 
Ont. 1 



Ont. 2 



Pa. 1 

N. H. 1 

Mass. 1 

Ind. 1 



Mass. 1 

Ont. 1 

N. Y. 1 

Mass. 1 

R. L 1 

Ont. 2 

Wash. 1 



R I. 1 

Calif. 2 
Ore. 1 



Ont. 1 



Mass. 1 
Pa. 1 

Ont. 3 



States 
Against 
Ont. 1 

Pa. 1 

N. S. Wales 1 
Ont. 1 



Calif. 



Pa. 

Tex. 

Wash. 
Pa. 



N. Y. 

Ont. 

Tex. 

Ont. 

N. H. 

Pa. 

Mass. 

Va. 

Pa. 

Mass. 

Ont. 

Ont. 

Pa. 
Pa. 

Ont. 



Pa. 

Calif. 

Pa. 



2 

2 

1 
1 



Pa. 



En)^. 
Ont. 
Pa. 



Remarks 



And what a foolish -th- 
jection. 



No reports since 1932. 
Why? 



Evidently not so good. 



Deteriorating rapidly! 
Believe our plants wero 
mixed. 



No report since 1933. 



Secretary American Rose Society, H.akrisburg, Pa. 
Please enroll me as a member for iQSy as checked: 



Renewal Renewal 

$3.50 Special, $5=^ 



New New 3 years Sustaining 

$3.50 Special, $5* $10 $10 



Life 
$60 



The remittance enclosed for the amount checked fnchides 75 cents for one year's subscription 
to the American Rose Majjazine. 



Name- 



Add ress- 



MAKE checks PAV.ABLE TO THE AMEHICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

*See Exphination on Editorial Pajjje. 



March -April, 1935 





■'i ':€^, 



VOL. 1 -No. 14 



The Atlanta-Macon Meeting 



A glimpse in late January of the tremendous 
rose-garden at Porterfield which we are to see in full 
bloom-glory on April 30 makes me anxious to share 
the advantage and pleasure I anticipate with as 
many as possible of American Rose Society members. 

We'll see thousands of blooms, in hundreds of 
varieties, spread out for enjoyment and comparison 
a real map of roses, a ''Proof of the Pudding" all 
alive ! 

A great trip in a good season, with an assurance 
of meeting old and making new friends! Fill up 
the Ford or the Cadillac, and come ! 



J^irV'C^tA^ ?yj^^^hjJ.0a^4, 





W^^Min^^^ 



^uMisKedt^ The American Rose Society, Hanistur^, Pa. 

15 < a copy • $1.50 a year 




''*t. 



% 






.-J> * 




%,, 






I 



.«rt»' 



;i; 



• t 



20 

Variety 
I Zingari . . 



*«»*ijj 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Joan Cant 



• « f .«. « A 



No. Years Total No. 
ted Reporu 

10 






Sta|«t 
Few 



.3 



Johanna Tantau . •«./- 1. 
Johanninaub«r 



■»N>-,« 



. ,3 



-.'ifeV.' ,*c 



June Boydf . . 
Lady Helen Maglona . 
Ladylovf 



* - > • • » • • 



Louise Krauae '.■^ti . % ♦ «- 
Mrs. Beckwith .* 1 . IJ, . . . 



3 






Mrs. George Geary . . 



. .3 



Mrs. H«rbert Dowsett ♦ c,* • 2 
Mrs. RedfordI t%t .. > .« . . .2 
Oswald Sjepi^ V**< 



Perfume ',. . • 
President Deville 



• • 1 ■• -r ■ 1^,] ^■^ 



3 



Princess Elizabeth of Greece . . 2 
Rose Berkley . . . . . . , .3 



Royal Scot . . . , 

Sally Tite .... i^ 

Sop^hie llionuis '« . 

.^•^ -r - ... . 

Sunny South . . . 



Sunstar '. 



... . .2 

I 



^>. 









Templar * «. iv >< ..,^ . . .2 
The Beacon y - . ,., , 4 i %> $, V 3 



Trigo . ,. .•;.,, ...,^ ; .^., .. • .2 
Victoria Harrington 2 



6 
9 

10 

6 

$ 

10 

8 

6 

•^» 

6 

6 

6 
6 

6 

.^■-^^ 

'.^- ; 
6 
o 



CaKf. 
Idaho 
Pa. 
Ont. 
B. C. 
Pa. 
N. V. 
Mass. 

It. 

Md. 

Mass* 

Pa. 



Ont. 
B.C. 
Mass. 
CaBf. 

Mass. 

N.J. 

Ont. 

Pa. 

Ont. 

B.C 

Piu 

Ont. 

rTT. 

Maa^. 

Ont. 

Ont. 

N.Y. 

R. L 

MasSk 

Ont. 

Tex. 

Mass. 

CaUf. 

Calif. 



1 
1 
1 
3 
2 
1 
1 
1 
3 
1 
2 
3 
1 
2 
1 



6 
1 
2 
1 



Sutes 
Pair 
Ont. 1 Ont 
Pa. 1 Pa. 



Mass. 

Pa. 

Pa. 

Tex. 

R. L 

Calif. 

Ont. 

R.L 

Tenh. 

Pa. 



1 
1 
1 
1 

1 
1 
2 
1 
1 
2 
1 
1 

1 

2 
2 
3 
2 
1 
I 
S 
1 
1 
2 
Hi 2 
1 



Ont. I" 



>;■> ' -, •^: 



Calif. 
Ore. 



1 
2 
f 



States 
Against 



Remarks 



Pa. 1 Ont. 



Pft. 2 

R.I. 1 Calif. 

Pa. 1 

Ont. 1 

CaUf. 2 

Pa. 1 

Conn. 1 



N. S. Wales I 



1 And what a foolish ob- 
jection. 



Ont. 2 Pa. 

Idaho 2 
2 Ont. 3 Tex. 

Pa. 2 
2 Ont. 1 Wash. 

1 - Pa. 

2 . 
2 

1 Ont. 2 N. Y. 
1 Ont^. 

1 Pa. I Ont! 

N. H. 1 N. H. 
1 Mass. 1 Pa. 
1 I«id. 1 
2 



Mass. 

Va. 

Pa. 
Mass. 1 Mass. 
Ont. 1 Ont. 
N.Y. 1 Ont. 
Mass. 1 
R. I. 1 Pa. 
Ont. 2 Pa. 
Wash.! 

Oat. 



R. I. 1 Pa. 
Calif. 2 CaUf. 
Ore. 1 Pa. 



2 

2 

1 
1 



1 

2 
1 
2 
1 
2 

1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
2 

1 

1 

2f-; 



2 
1 
1 



No reports nnce 1932. 
Evidently not so good. 



■•*". 



Deteriorating rapidly I 
Believe our plants were 
mixed. 



»>i. ■•^.1 



Hq report since 1933. 



l^au 



■ i^.^ 






^'- **■. 



Colo, 

N.Y. 1 Mass. 1 
D. of Col. 1 Pa. 1 
Pa. 2 r 

B. p,'^r. .4•^,fi^^ ..? "Eng.- 



/Vl 



Ont. 
Pa. 



1 

1 



■^ 



:■<' -;' 



m 



. ^ 'i 



Secretary American Rose Society, Harrisburg, Pa. 
Please enroll me as a member for ig^s Q^ checked: . 

$10 SIO $00 

'*' V*flicFlfcmittance enclosed for the amount checked includes 75 cents for one year's sub8criptip#; 
tto the American Rose Magazine. 



3 years 
UO 



Stwtainiag 
$10 



% 



Hame. 



j\ddress- 



,rs. 



■■}- 



MAKE CHECKS PAYABLE TO THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

*See Explanation on Editorial Page. , 






4'^ 



■J!'' *. 



-?• >.« 






■".'i- .I'rtn ■•■■ ■ 



^V^ 



.t':" s. 






^/i- 



fiM 



March -April, 1935 



-V , 




' Fr^ Edited hy 
L X \ J. Horace McFarland 

and G.A.Stevens 



VOL. 1— No. 14 






TA^ Atlanta-Macon Meeting 



A glimpse in late January of the tremendous 
rose-garden at Porterfield which we are to see in full 
bloom-glory on April 30 makes me anxious to share 
the advantage and pleasure I anticipate with as 
many as possible of American Rose Society members. 

We'll see thousands of blooms, in hundreds of 
varieties, spread out for enjoyment and comparison — 
a real map of roses, a ** Proof of the Pudding*' all 
alive ! 

A great trip in a good season, with an assurance 
of meeting old and making new friends! Fill up 
the Ford or the Cadillac, and come ! 




^^fM^^n.^o-tA^ 



MlisKedty The American Rose Society^ Hanisburji.Pa. 

2.5 <^ a copy • $1.50 a year 




INTENTIONAL SECOND EXPOSURE 



2 THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 

T^UT? AX/fFPir'AXr cussions at the morning session and one or 

inn /\ IVl i:* rs. 1 ^ i^ IM ^^^ interesting addresses at the banquet, 

Pn^F MAOAZTNE at which J. D. Crump, President of the 

, u ^'"'m^^ "taster. 
J. Horace McFarland 

and G. A. Stevens Airplane Setvice to Atlanta 

Published bi-monibiy by jj^^ Secretary has been asked to an- 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY nounce that there is passenger plane ser- 

Oescent and Mulberry Sts.. Harrisburg. Pa. ^,j^^^ ^^^^ ^jj p^^.^^ ^f ^J^g United StatCS tO 

Subscription price: I (. members of the American Rose Atlanta, available for thoSC who dcsirC tO 

Society 75 cts. a year 15 cts. a copy, wbicb amount is ^JJJ ^ ^J^Jg specdv form of transportation. 

included m ibe annual d'tes of $j.f(). " , ^ '^ i • • f M I 

Toaii others: $i.50a ye.ir, 25cts. a copv. Freaucntlv, a combmation oi rail-plane 

Entereflussecontl-chissniattirat the PustOlliceat Hams- ^ ~y ' j . If .. *.L^^^ i;,,;^.,, 

bur^^/pa. nmirr ,hc ..< t ..I March 3. 1879. scrvicc ofFcrs spccdy travcI for thosc livmg 

—TTr — r: 7^ ^1 I r in cities not directly on air-lines. Illustra- 

VoL I No 14 935 March Ai'Rii «ii vn.iv,o j ^„u: 

VOL. 1. iNo. i-t ^j^^ ^|- travel time and tares by multi- 
motored planes from various points to 

Spring Convention, Atlanta Atlanta are the following examples, the 

APRIL 29-30, 1935 figures indicating approximate hours of 

, ,' ,, . , travel from those points to Atlanta: 

As announced in the last Magazine, the ^^^^^^ one-way 

Spring Convention of the American Rose ivom t.. Atlanta Fare ^"""^A'Sg 

Society will be held in Atlanta, Ceorgia. Ch-g<, .^^ 4H $38.88 $69.98 

While there the members of the American DcM:roit ..'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. (^% 46.74 84.13 

Rose Society will be the guests of the Omaha 10 64.86 116.74 

Georgia Rose Society. Cincinnati 3,1^ 28.63 51.53 

The schedule of evems follows : T.^^yZt T^ IsJ' ij' 

April 29— Philadelphia 734 43.64 80.15 

Headquarters: Motel Biltmore. Washington IH 35.64 .^'].^ 

Registration: 8.30 a.m. Central Standard Denver 19 100.90 181.62 

Time. Salt Lake City 16^ 119.16 214.48 

Morning Session: 10 a.m. Central Standard Los Angeles 19 123.54 222.38 

Time San Francisco 22 1<^ 142.49 256.49 

Luncheon: 12.30 p.m. Portland 32% 153.88 276.98 

Garden Visits: 2.30 p.m. Seattle 34M 153.88 276.98 

Banquet: 8 p.m. (Informal) Detailed information on air or air-rail 

April 3^ x, . , . , km s . x. trips from any point to Atlanta will be 

Leave Biltmore Hotel by automobile 8 a.m. r • u j i ji 

Central Standard Time to visit Hastings* furnished gladly. 

ArrivT^^t'^'Macon Tp.m^' Eastern Standard 1935 DiscaSC-Control Campaign 

^ ^^"?^* r. u . o ^ r M 1 :in !> K. Members who wish to join Dr. L. M. 

Georgia Barbecue at Portertield l.iU p.m. , . r ;>^«+r^l r^f r-r^cf^ 

Eastern Standard Time. Massey s campaign for control ot rose 

Visit Porterfield Gardens 2.30 p.m., and other disease in 1935 should write tO him at 

Macon gardens later. once, addressing him at Cornell Univer- 

Reports from Georgia indicate that a sity, Ithaca, N. Y. The campaign will Idc 

fine season is in prospect and that the conducted along lines somewhat like 

roses should be at the height of their those of last year, as reported on page 4» 

beauty at the time of the meeting. A of this year's Annual. The more who join 

visit to Porterfield is eagerly anticipated, and the more whole-heartedly the project 

because it is rated as one of the largest is entered into, the more helpful and 

rose-gardens in the country, containing a instructive will be the results, 

representative collection of almost every Correction 

rose in commerce. j • l 

No official business will be transacted A regrettable error occurred in the 

at this meeting. legend beneath the picture facing page 13 

There will be speeches and open dis- of the 1935 Annual. The rose Texas 

Continued on page 15 



Shade and Roses 



By DR. B. T. DICKSON, Chief of Division of Plant Industry, Canberra City, F. C. T., Australia 



WHEN Mr. Harry Hazlewood, of 
Epping in New South Wales, 
persuaded me to try to put on 
paper something concrete about the 
problem of whether shade is good for 
roses, and if so, why, it was evident at 
the time that the attempt could not be 
eminently successful for several reasons, 
which will duly emerge. However, if it 
does no more tlian stimulate thought and 
engender careful observation, it will have 
served a useful purpose. 

In the first place, it should be noted 
that just as "one man's meat is another 
man's poison" so, too, it may well be that 
in one part of a great continent shade 
may be desirable or necessary while in 
another, perhaps, it may be definitely 
unsuitable. Then, again, it will vary with 
individual roses, possibly because of 
certain blood-lines now difficult to trace. 

However that may be, it is first neces- 
sary for me, in self-defence, to consider 
for a space not only roses but all plants 
in relation to shade and other phenomena. 
As every reader well knows, plants are 
highly complex organisms requiring food 
and water, needing oxygen and excreting 
carbon-dioxide, growing new tissues, flow- 
ering and fruiting, but with the one vital 
and fundamental feature differentiating 
them from animals, that they can elabor- 
ate elementary carbohydrates by utilizing 
the energy of sunlight. 

This complex organism grows in an 
extremely complex environment, and one 
of the great fields of investigation at the 
present time in plant physiology is that 
concerned in the elucidation of the effects 
upon the plant of the various factors in 
its environment. The life-processes are 
closely coordinated, and if one is directly 
affected, it may indirectly but definitely 
affect the rate of others. The environ- 
mental factors which may influence a 
process are also highly interrelated, and 
the effect produced by one factor, let us 
say light, is modified by the intensity of 
others, such as temperature. 

When dealing with smallish plants 
under laboratory conditions it is possible 



to maintain controlled temperature or 
light-intensity or light-quality or light- 
duration and so forth, but, with plants in 
the field, climatic factors are very variable 
in intensity and duration. Consequently 
their effects are also in flux, and if to this 
is added the fact that frequently there is 
a lag in the visible effect of a climatic 
factor, one can realize the high complex- 
ity of the whole problem of the relation 
between a plant and its environment. 
Allowing for all this, one may be per- 
mitted to speculate a little and to make 
inferences, albeit they are unsupported 
by direct evidence from experiments with 



roses. 



Boles, working with tomatoes in Eng- 
land recently, measured the assimilation 
rate under controlled light and tempera- 
ture conditions. For light equal to a dull 
winter's day the assimilation rate rose 
with temperature from 45° to 62° F. and 
thereafter fell off. For the equivalent of 
a bright spring day it rose with tempera- 
ture up to 75° F. and then decreased at 
higher temperatures. For the equivalent 
of a bright summer day the assimilation 
rate rose with rising temperature to 90° F. 
and thereafter fell off rapidly. Thus, for 
any light-intensity there is a temperature 
at which the assimilation processes are 
most efficiently operating but beyond it 
there is an adverse effect. The reverse is 
also true that for any given temperature 
there is a suitable light intensity beyond 
which there is a fall in the rate of assimila- 
tion. Tomatoes are plants which thrive 
in heat while roses originated in the cool 
to temperate parts of the northern hemi- 
sphere, so that while the same principle 
will hold, the temperature-range is likely 
to require some modification to be applic- 
able to roses, and onl}'^ actual experiment 
will define. 

Now to turn to Little Club wheat for 
another illustration, in this case work by 
Davis and Hoagland in California. They, 
in one set of experiments, modified the 
intensity and duration of light while 
maintaining constant temperatures, and 
suggested, as a result, that a plant may 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



function more efficiently from the point 
of view of tissue production when the 
radiant energy is distributed over a 
longer period at somewhat lower intensity 
than when the reverse condition holds. 
In another set of experiments, light was 
constant and temperature varied between 
50° and 86° P., with the result that there 
was a maximum of efficiency at 77° F. 
with a sharp fall thereafter, indicating a 
critical point at which respiration liegan 
to have an adverse effect by counter- 
balancing, and then overbalancing, 
assimilation. 

Above such critical points it is certain 
that water relations are disturbed, the 
movement of elaborated food materials 
may be modified in direction, and it may 
even happen that protoplasm is injured. 
Measurements of temperatures of certain 
shaded and unshaded blackberry canes 
showed that while the shaded were 80° 
to 84° P., those of similar, unshaded, 
ranged from 88° to 95° P. 

At night a rise in temperature may 
cause a rise in respiration rate which may 
be disadvantageous to the plant, whereas 
a drop in temperature, by lessening the 
loss by respiration, will leave the plant 
with a greater assimilation balance. 
Shading would tend to blanket the plants 
at night and thereby maintain a higher 
night temperature. 

Before leaving the rather academic 
picture of the problem, it should be noted 
that plants are sensitive to quality as 
well as quantity and duration of light, so 
that one cannot merely deal with hours 
of sunlight and neglect its intensity and 
quality. Plant-growth is dependent on 
assimilation, which is chiefly affected by 
the red end of the spectrum, and shown, 
partly at any rate, by the elongation of 
shoots, etc., which is affected by another 
part of the spectrum — the blue to ultra- 
violet end. 

Now to consider briefly the effects of 
shade, without attempting a definition of 
the kind or quality of shade. It will be 
conceded that shade will modify illumin- 
ation, temperature, and evaporation by 
reducing all three of these environmental 
factors. The question arises, which of 
these factors, when in high concentration, 



is the more likely to cause injury or to 
affect the plant adversely. Roses flourish 
in regions of bright sunlight (witress 
conditions in Australia), although it must 
be allowed that intense light, especially 
with some kinds, does reduce color But 
with respect to general health and growth, 
sunlight and air are requisite. 

On the other hand, high temperatures, 
as has been shown above, are likely to be 
injurious, and it would seem reasonable 
to regard shade as desirable where sum- 
mer temperatures are generally of a high 
order, and especially where they are 
coupled with clear skies. In fact, shade- 
houses are necessary for best results with 
many plants under these conditions. 
Such high temperatures and clear skies 
affect evaporation, and water is a vital 
requirement. If, with high temperatures, 
rainfall is on the light side to deficient, 
then there is an environment in which the 
several factors are heavily combined 
against the plants. 

In the last analysis, therefore, it seems 
to me that shade, with respect to roses, 
can be regarded as shelter or protection 
from intense heat and consequent evapor- 
ation, rather than from intense light, 
although light is concerned. 

It may be of some interest to men- 
tion the experience gained in the city 
of Canberra, the newly built capital of 
Australia. It is situated at 1,800 feet 
above sea-level, and generally the skies 
are bright and clear. The rainfall is 
fairly evenly distributed, with a little 
more in winter, and totals about 22 inches, 
so that watering is necessary. Winter 
temperatures are rather low, with a mean 
of about 45° P., while summer tempera- 
tures give a mean of about 65° P., with a 
mean maximum of 77° P. and minimum 
of 53° P. The blooms in autumn are 
better in every sense than those in spring. 
To account for this it seems to me that 
temperature is the chief factor in that 
during summer good growth occurs at 
not too high a temperature during the 
days and with cool nights, so that when 
autumn arrives there are well-nourished 
plants ready to bloom, as compared with 
the less well-nourished plants following 
the winter season of slow growth. 



Soliloquy and Apologia over the 
Proof of the Pudding 

By DR. JOHN P. RANKIN 

Is it oj any value? — Is it fair or just? — Could it be improved? 

Should it be continued? 






I HAVE pondered at length and on 
numerous occasions while driving 
here and there on my professional 
trips, the question raised in the Septem- 
ber-October Magazine by Father 
Schoener as to the real merit, if any, or the 
real harm, if possible, of that piece of 
rose-reporting which we have come to 
call "The Proof of the Pudding." 

In the first place, I hope that those of 
us who have indulged in this fancy have 
not been too much motivated by any 
vanity that loves itself in print; and the 
more often, the more comfortable and 
smug the self-contentment. There is a 
woman in our town who gets her name in 
the Daily Babble every time she has a 
shopping date in the city to buy safety 
pins or pink elastic or a new color of 
Zephyr yarn, and in some twenty years I 
have never known her to take a real trip — 
she doesn't need to, because her main 
thrill is not the trip but the clipping. I 
trust therefore that vanity plays a very 
small role in our reports. 

Pather Schoener questions very much 
whether our reports mean anything in the 
world. They aren't scientific, they are too 
sporadic in incidence, they ruin the sale 
of many good roses and, all in all, tend to 
create a false impression of what's really 
what in the field of newer roses. 

This is all true. We ought to know the 
age and the strain of the buds that are 
used in propagation. We ought to know 
who raised the understock and how and 
whence he procured his stock and whether 
it is grown from cuttings or seedlings and 
the age of the understock before it was 
used, the climate, the soil, and the cul- 
tural environment it had before and after 
budding; where it really came from; 
through how many hands the finished 
product passed; what trick of hocus pocus 
it became inured to before finally arriving 
in our hands; then, how we planted it and 



what were the many local factors that 
influenced its growth in our gardens; and 
whether it really got a start with us before 
we began to expect its finished per- 
formance — like using too fresh a cow and 
so on. 

Indeed there is not one of these facts 
that we ought not to know, and we 
should all strive more earnestly from year 
to year to obtain them and pass them on; 
but, alas, how much else that is important 
in this world's life and activity must we 
pass judgment on every single day and 
try to evaluate, with our crude accuracy, 
with hardly the remotest idea of such pre- 
determining factors in any instance! 

Father Schoener is a true scientist and 
has the scientific outlook and the 
corresponding method of approach. He 
has, indeed, a much deeper scientific 
foundation and a broader scientific back- 
ground than that available to most people 
whose pleasure it is to love roses and 
whose duty, we believe, it is to forward 
their cause. There are not enough people 
in America like Father Schoener, with not 
only the trained intelligence but also the 
leisure at command, who will take the 
time even to be interested in roses, let 
alone to report on them. The tradesmen 
will not — and they are, moreover, pre- 
judiced in favor of, or against every new 
variety. Most of us rose-lovers have not 
the trained scholastic background. Those 
of us who have been raised in a scientific 
atmosphere with majorings in biology or 
chemistry, with other collegiate scientific 
trimmings, are now launched in divergent 
professional careers and are too busy 
either hunting for the coin of the realm or 
keeping an ear cocked for the sniffing 
wolf, to afford much time to such an 
enterprise. 

So it would leave the whole field of rose- 
investigation, reporting on varieties, as 
well as culture, to the cloistered profes- 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



sionals in the universities or to the meager 
handful of scientific rose-lovers who are 
financially independent. Perhaps on some 
great day the American Rose Society, 
subsidized by the Government or some 
philanthropist, can cover the whole field 
through its own organization, but up to 
the present there is no way on earth for 
the common man who wants to buy a rose 
to get an idea of what he should buy, 
except through the pages of a prejudicial 
catalogue or through such uncommercial 
documents as the "Proof of the Pudding," 
unscientific as it still is. 

I maintain also that such a report is 
not so much deficient in scientific spirit 
as it is in its factual material, and this 
phase, as with any scientific subject, can 
be improved. Therefore, this service 
should be improved, not discarded, and it 
can be improved by the kindly ministra- 
tions and direction of just such a man as 
Father Schoener. I therefore nominate 
him to the sublime office of "Supreme 
Director and Taster of (what he thinks is) 
the 'Hasty Pudding' " with all rights and 
duties therein assumed — save that of 
disbanding his own order. 

And when examined, this criticism, 
though he may have considered it de- 
structive, really was not; it was construc- 
tive for it transfused ideas, and that kind 
of thought cannot be destructive. 

Someone showed in a recent magazine 
article how in a realm fairly cluttered with 
scientific inventions and devices, we find 
scarcely more than a handful of people 
who really combine them to their spiritual, 
cultural, and physical benefit — an age 
wholly unscientific in outlook! Yet it is 
in such an age that we live, and if we just 
begin where we are and observe correctly 



and acutely as we go along, and correlate 
what we see, we are, as the ancient sage 
said, truly scientific in attitude. This is 
the spirit in which we of the "Proof of the 
Pudding," frail as we are, should approach 
our problem. I believe we are true to this 
spirit in the main and it is good! 

We should observe acutely, ponder 
thoughtfully, and record faithfully, with 
coolness born of caution and in sympathy, 
not only with refinement in beauty of 
plant and flower, and with the good 
interests of future rose-lovers in mind, but 
also with a duty to the hybridizers and 
propagators in our hearts. To spite one 
flower may mean ruin to the man who 
might be on the verge of presenting us 
with the finest rose ever grown. We would 
not expect too much in return from the 
hybridizer and the grower if we urged 
their cooperation in furnishing us all the 
necessary data as to previous plant 
history so that our recordings may be of 
some real value. Moreover, roses, like 
people, no matter what their heredity or 
environment, are not excused in this 
commonplace, cold world if they fail or 
go wrong in any situation. Someone must 
be the judge, and while we are not the 
great judges, yet we have our petty work 
to do. 

Lastly, let not our critics judge us 
too hastily or too harshly, for, after all, 
we are the ones who spend the "first 
money," as it were, and in our small way 
dare risk to win or to fail. We are the 
ones who are willing, year after year, to 
pay the piper. We play our role in the 
introduction of new roses, we play our 
hand, and stand whatever financial and 
spiritual grief may come our way for the 
thrill and the joy of it. 



Northwestern Missouri Rose Experience 



By E. BRUCE 

FROM year to year I read in the 
Rose Magazines articles pro and 
con, and arguments back and for- 
ward centering on those points of climate 
and soil, and their relative importance in 
producing roses. 

After ten years' experience under a 
most difficult and trying climate, but an 



WILKERSON 

almost ideal rose-soil — black, silty loam 
of wondrous fertility — I am most thor- 
oughly convinced that the soil and its 
preparation is vastly more important 
than climate in producing good roses. 

I have nearly two hundred rose plants 
under cultivation consisting of Climbers, 
Hybrid Perpetuals, Hybrid Teas and 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Rugosas, with a climate that kills even 
some of the Rugosas, such as Conrad F. 
Meyer, back to the protected zone; where 
perpendicular drops of 30° temperature 
in less than twenty-four hours are not 
uncommon; where Climbers, such as 
Dr. W. Van Fleet, have to be laid down 
under dirt every winter to save them, yet 
by liberal mounding of dirt and a good 
top mulch of excelsior, I am able to bring 
through without a loss even the tenderest 
Hybrid Teas. Summer temperature runs 
to 110° in the shade several days almost 
every season. Such is our climate. 

In spite of these difficulties, I have had 
success enough to delight me with rose- 
growing. I attribute it to careful prepara- 
tion of the soil and watchful attention 
during the growing season. One writer 
recently stated that good roses can be 
grown without any particular attention 
to soil-preparation — just going out and 
planting — but the man who said "rather 
a ten-cent rose and a dollar hole" gets my 
vote. I have gone out and planted with- 
out preparation in our rich soil and 
harvested a great crop of roses the first 
season, but after that there was a rapid 
decrease in the vigor of the plants. In a 
permanent bed I find that I have to pre- 
pare the soil to a depth of about 3 feet. 
I remove the clay subsoil, put in a lot of 
barnyard manure, old bones, and bone- 
meal, then, on top, a foot of our rich black 
soil. I buy only the best heavy budded 
stock, — no fooling with own-root sorts, — 
from one to two dozen of a variety, and 
set them down deep, 2 to 3 inches below 
the works so the hot, blazing sun won't 
cook them. Plant close together — 15 
inches is none too close — so they will 
shade the ground. By good preparation I 
get the roots way down where they are 
cool and where the old manure holds the 
moisture. There they stay and bloom for 
seven or eight years. Last summer, when 
so many roses around here literally burned 
to a crisp, my roses all came through — 
with the exception of three late-planted 
ones — ^to a glorious fall blooming. 

After close attention to planting, I 
commence to work to get growth on the 
plant. I think this the most important 
part. If I don't get a good season's 
growth, I find my summer's work has been 



in vain. I cultivate deeply and regularly. 
It is the best moisture-preservative I can 
find. I rely on a high hedge around the 
garden to protect from drying winds. I 
dust regularly with Massey dust and have 
no black-spot which is the most treacher- 
ous enemy our moist, humid days afford. 
It really does the job and is just as 
effective here as in other sections of the 
country. A lot of inexperienced beginners 
fail in Missouri because they let black- 
spot get the best of them. Don't wait 
until the disease appears; it is too late 
then. Prevent it with regular two-weeks' 
dusting. I do not rely on artificial water- 
ing, as I believe it a detriment without 
facilities for regular flooding of the beds. 
During the drought last summer I never 
watered and I believe the roses were 
better without it. 

I select only the most vigorous Hybrid 
Teas, such as President Herbert Hoover, 
Margaret McGredy, Talisman, the Ra- 
diances, Duchess of Wellington, Mrs. 
Pierre S. du Pont, and the like. Perneti- 
anas, I find, are not strong enough for our 
conditions. 

Do not be discouraged by the Missouri 
climate. Roses can be grown here, and 
good ones. Just give them a good sum- 
mer's growth and you can carry any of 
them through the winter. Be faithful in 
dusting and reap the maximum enjoy- 
ment, for they will stay with you year 
after year. I have some Hybrid Teas 
eight years old and still good producers. 
Don't think it can't be done. 

Books Wanted 

The New York Public Library needs a 
copy of the 1906 Annual Proceedings and 
Bulletin of the American Rose Society, 
and the American Rose Annual for 1920. 

The Chief of the Acquisition Division 
writes: **As it is important that our file 
should be complete, will you appeal to 
your readers to help us out? There must 
be some member who has saved his old 
copies and has no further use for them, 
who would be willing to present to us the 
numbers needed in our file." 

If any member can contribute the 
volumes wanted by the New York 
Library, please let the Secretary know. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Old Roses at San Jose 



By DR. C. E. ADAMS 



IT might interest members to know how 
the old rose section in the San Jose 
Municipal Rose-Garden is progressing, 
and 1 am attaching a list of the named va- 
rieties which Mrs. Adams and myself have 
succeeded in gathering together and have 
growing in the garden. There are many 
others which we thus far have been un- 
able to obtain, the names of which I hope 
may be identified later. These have been 
collected from old gardens whenever and 
wherever it has been possible, from differ- 
ent places in the state where we have 
visited in the season for budding. In 
many of the old gardens visited the old 
plants had been so sadly neglected that 
it was with much difficulty that buds 
could be obtained with enough vitality 
in them to start after being budded into 
vigorous understocks. May I suggest 
that a mutual exchange of buds of old 
named varieties would be a means of 
bringing back many of the nearly for- 
gotten roses of long ago. 

I am hoping to be able to secure more 
named old varieties for budding in June 
and Julv, when the understocks will be 
ready. 

Many Climbers, like Banksla, Belie of 
Portugal, and Bengals are a mass of 
bloom now in San Jose (April 4). Many 
have climbed to the tops of the tallest 
trees with their thousands of blooms 
flaunting their beauty for the benefit of 
all to enjoy. 

Old Teas and Hybrid Tea Roses 

Namk Introducer Year 

Elise Sauvagc Miellez 1818 

Bougere Bougere 1832 

Bon Silene Hardy 1839 

Triomphc du l.uxcm- 

bourg Hardy 1836 

Bella (Isabella) Cels 1838 

Adam (President) Adam 1838 

Devoniensis Foster 1838 

Maiden's Blush 

Safrano Beauregard 1839 

Niphetos Bougere 1843 

Souv. d'un Ami Belot-Desfougeres. 1846 

Cornelie Koch (Cornelia 

Cook) A. Koch 1855 

Mme. dc Vatry Guerin 1855 

Mme. Falcot GuiMot fils 1858 



Name Introducer Year 

Duchessc de Brabant . . Bernede 1857 

Homer Moreau-Robert . . . 1859 

Mme. Margottin Guillot fils 1866 

Isabella Sprunt Rev. James M. 

Sprunt 1866 

La France Guillot fils 1867 

Jean Pernet Pernet 1867 

Catherine Mermet Guillot fils 1869 

Marie Van Houtte Ducher 1871 

Coquette de Lyon Ducher 1872 

Caroline Kuster Pernet 1872 

Vallee de Chamonix .... Ducher 1872 

Perle des Jardins Levet 1874 

Innocente Pirola Mme. Ducher 1878 

Comtesse Riza du Pare. J. Schwartz 1876 

Letty Coles J. Keynes 1876 

Mme. Lombard (Mme. 

Lambard) Lacharme 1877 

Mme. Welche Mme. Ducher 1878 

La Tulipe Ducher 1870 

Alphonse Karr Nabonnand 1878 

Mile. Franziska Kruger. Nabonnand 1878 

Mme. Joseph Schwartz. .Schwartz 1880 

Etoile de Lyon Guillot fils 1881 

G. Nabonnand Nabonnand 1888 

Mme. de Watteville . . . .Guillot lils 1883 

Sunset P. Henderson 1883 

Papa Gontier Nabonnand 1882 

Grace Darling (?) Bennett 1884 

Andre Schwartz J. Schwartz 1884 

Mme. Agatha Nabon- 
nand Nabonnand 1886 

Mme. Blanche Nabon- 
nand Nabonnand 

Bride May 1885 

Dr. Grill Bonnaire 1886 

Viscountess Folkestone.. Bennett 1886 

Caroline 188- 

Shirley Hibberd Levet 1874 

Mme. Hoste Guillot fils 1877 

The Meteor Evans 1887 

Souv. of Wootton J. Cook 1888 

Mme. Marthe du Bourg . Bernai.x 1890 

La Nuancee. . . GuiHot fils 1875 

Augustine Guinoisseau . .Guinoisseau 1889 

Frangois Levet A. Levet 1880 

Regulus Moreau-Robert 

Louisa de la Reve 

Rainbow Sievers 1889 

Bridesmaid Moore 1893 

Maman Cochet S. Cochet 1893 

Elise Heymann Strassheim 1891 

Souv, du President Car- 

not Pernet-Ducher .... 1894 

Mile. 1 lelene Cambier. . . Pernet-Ducher. . . . 1895 

White Maman Cochet . .J. Cook 1896 

Gen. Robert E. Lee . . . Good & Reese .... 1896 

Gruss an Teplitz Geschwind 1897 

Killarney A. Dickson 1898 

Mme. Scipion Cochet . . . Bernaix 1887 

Paul Floret Nabonnand 1881 

Rhea Reid E. G. Hill 1908 



H 



Name Introducer Year 

Mme. Jean Dupuy P. Lambert 1902 

Mme.AngcIique Veysset . Veysset 1890 

Duchess of Albany W. Paul 1888 

Mme. Caroline Testout . Pernet-Ducher. . 1890 

Austrian Briars and Hybrids 

Austrian Copper Gerard 1 596 

Persian Yellow Willock 1837 

Harison's Yellow Harison 1830 

Hybrid Perpetuals 



Geant des Batailles 

Victor Verdier 

Baronne Prevost 

Cardinal Patrizzi 

General Jacqueminot . . . 

Jules Margottin 

Charles Lefebvre 

Mme. Victor Verdier 

John Hopper 

Baroness Rothschild . . . . 

Marie Baumann 

Black Prince 

Louis Van Houtte 

Prince Camille de Rohan 

Pierre Notting 

Monte Christo 

Mme. Gabriel Luizet . . . 

Magna Charta 

Capt. Christy 

Dinsmore 

Gloire de Margottin . . . . 

Vick's Caprice 

Roger Lambelin 

Ulrich Brunner 

Paul Neyron 



Ncrard 1846 

Lacharme 1859 

Desprez 1842 

Trouillard 1853 

Roussel 1852 

Margottin 1853 

Lacharme 1861 

E. Verdier 1863 

Ward 1862 

Pernet 1867 

Baumann 1863 

W. Paul 1866 

Lacharme 1869 

.E. Verdier 1861 

Portemer 1862 

Fontaine 1861 

Liabaud 1877 

W. Paul 1876 

Lacharme 1873 

Henderson 1888 

Margottin 1887 

Vick 1891 

Mme. Schwartz. . . 1890 

Levet 1882 

Levet 1869 



Old Gallica, Provence Roses 

^'ork and Lancaster. . . . Monardes 1551 

Red Provence 

Damascena Miller 1768 

Red Gallica 

Rose du Roi a fleurs 

pourpres 1812 

Felicite et Perpctuc Jacques 1827 

Dark Gallica 

-Musk 

Bishop (?) 

Shailers Provence 

Cabbage 1596 

Bourbon and Hybrid Roses 

Mrs. Bosanquet Laftay 1832 

Souv. de la Malmaison.. Beluze 1843 

Coupe d'Hebe......... . LafTay 1840 

Kronprinzessin Victoria. Spath 1887 

Red Souv. de la Malmaison 

Zephirine Drouhin Bizot 1868 

Bardou Job Nabonnand 1887 

Xlultiflora 

Mary \\ ashington 

Grevillea (Seven Sisters) 

Baltimore Belle Feast 1843 



Polyantha and Dwarfs 

Name Introducer Year 

Georges Pernet Pernet-Ducher .... 1 887 

Clotilde Soupert Soupert & Notting 1890 

Cecile Brunner Mme. Ducher 1880 

Perle d'Or Dubreuil 1884 

Marie Pavic Alegatiere 1888 

Single White Polyanthas 
Multiflora 

Lawranceana 1887 

Red Pet G. Paul 1888 

China and Bengal Roses 

Viridifolia Species 

Archiduc Charles LafTay 

Pink Daily 

Douglas V. Verdier 1848 

James Sprunt Rev. James M. 

Sprunt 1858 

Hermosa Marcheseau 1840 

Burbank Burbank 19(X) 

Fabvier LafTay 1832 

Sanguinea (Pourpre San- 
guine) Evans 1810 

Cels Multiflora .Cels 1838 

Comte Brobinsky (Gloire 

des Rosomanes group). Maresi 1849 

Mme. Laurette Messimy.Guillot fils 1887 

Gloire des Rosomanes. . .Vibert 1825 

Queens Scarlet Hallock & Thorpe. 1880 

Old Blush (?) Parsons. 1796 

The origin of this class — most floriferous. 
Agrippina — Introduced into England from 
China 1789 

Noisettes and Hybrids 



Coquette des Alpes 

Mme. Plantier 

L'Ideal. 

Blush Noisette 

Yellow Noisette 

Lamarque 

Celine Forestier 

Chromatella 

Solfatare 

Ophirie 

Gloire de Dijon 

Reve d'Or 

Claire Carnot 

William Allen Richard 

son 

Marechal Niel 

Mme. Alfred Carriere . 



Lacharme 1867 

Plantier 1835 

Nabonnand 1887 

Noisette 1817 

Marechal 1830 

Trouillard 1842 

Coquereau 1843 

Boyau 1843 

Goubault 1841 

Jacotot 1853 

Mme. Ducher 1869 

Guillot fils 1873 

Mme. Ducher 1878 

Pradel 1864 

Schwartz 1879 



Other Climbing Roses 

Devoniensis. T Pavit 1858 

Reine Marie Henriette.T. Levet 1878 

Reine Olga de Wurtem- 

berg. T Nabonnand 1881 

CI. Cecile Brunner Hosp 1894 

Pride of China 
Double Cherokee 

Yellow Banksia Damper 1823 

White Banksia — Introduced into England 

from China by Kerr 1807 



10 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



11 



Root-Pruning (Whacking)? 

Til is is an answer to tlic article by 
J. H. Nicolas in the January- February 
American Rose Magazine, in which there 
was a picture purporting to show that 
root-pruning was needed. 

In the first place, when roots are cut 
off, stored food and ability to secure food 
are cut off also. Mr. Nicolas makes the 
statement that I'eeding- roots generally are 
annual and partly disappear. The answer 
is that the roots used for budded roses are 
powerful growers and are inherently no 
different under Rev. F. Page-Roberts 
than under a huge Multiflora five inches 
through at the stump, and all roots are 
feeding-roots when they start and build 
on themselves and get larger year after 
year, never dying off unless killed by frost 
or choked by being too many in one place. 

The statement that it takes a cut end 
of a root and callus to make new roots is 
completely wrong. Just today I took up 
about seventy-five roses that had been 
heeled in for about four weeks and they 
are a mass of new white roots. The little 
white rootlets are coming out all over the 
older roots and the calluses were scarcely 
started to form on the cut ends. Of course, 
when I dig I get a root-system, not a few 
stumps. Since it is Sunday, I have had 
a lot of witnesses to that fact and it is 
only thirteen days since freezing weather. 

As to saying a "cutting will not callus 
if allowed to dry only a few minutes," the 
story of the way roses are handled by 
practically every large grower here refutes 
that statement. They are dug by running 
a power digger under them, cutting the 
roots and loosening them. Then along 
comes a truck and they are loaded (bare 
root) into this truck, taken to a packing- 
shed and graded, tied in bundles, and 
often lie around two or three weeks with 
bare roots before being packed; and lots of 
them are left bare-rooted in the ware- 
house until the following spring when they 
are sent out to the ultimate purchaser 
packed in moss and with directions not to 
leave the roots exposed to the air for even 
five minutes! 

But, at that, I have seen many plants 
that have been out all winter, after having 
a little moss around them for two weeks. 



start a callus a half inch back from the 
end of the root, and I have planted them 
without cutting off the callus and dug 
them up a year later to find a nice spread 
of roots from the ends of the old roots. 

A year ago, in October, I had a half- 
dozen bushes of a variety I was dissatisfied 
with, so I threw them out on top of the 
ground where they laid all winter. As it 
was an open winter they were all plump, 
sound, and full of life last spring, with 
calluses on the ends of the roots. A 
neighbor saw them and called my atten- 
tion to them; so both the neighbor and 
myself planted one and both grew ap- 
parently as though nothing had happened. 
This can all be substantiated. 

The real reason why rose roots grow 
stronger from the ends is that the more 
territory a root can cover the greater the 
amount of food available. The same plant 
with all of its root-system would have 
made a half more to twice the results and 
I have a lot of plants growing here now 
and will have this summer as well to 
prove it. 

This is a rose-growing section and there 
were over a million and a half roses grown 
here last year, mostly for large eastern 
firms. — R. S. Hennessey, Oregon. 

Hardiness of "Odorata" 

In regard to the understock article by 
Captain G. S. Harter in the 1935 Annual, 
Odorata is hardy here. Our specimen 
plants died down to the soil-line in the 
"black" February of 1934 (-28° F.) but 
came back huskily from the base, and 
resisted this winter, which killed most 
large-flowering "hardy'* climbers. 

We have in our test-gardens hundreds 
of plants budded on Odorata, and we see 
no difference in hardiness from Multiflora 
or any other stock. I firmly believe that 
Odorata roots are hardy almost anywhere 
in America. 

What may have happened to Captain 
Harter is that he "bobbed" his plants for 
cuttings, thus promoting a late soft 
growth unable to stand winter. Hard, 
mature Odorata wood can take lots of 
punishment. 

Ragged Robin is even hardier than 
Odorata.— J. H. Nicolas, New York. 



M 

i » 

r 1 



M 



Texas Roses in Late March 

My roses are glorious. Sometimes I 
think the spring foliage is almost as 
l)eautiful as the blooms- -Mrs. Sam 
McGredy with her glossy red leaves. 
Talisman and Mary Hart with their vivid 
green, and each Climber covered with a 
different color and texture of leafy green. 
We have (so far) had a wonderful season 
for roses. One very bad "norther" early 
in the season killed the tips of many 
climbers, but you would not guess it now, 
and that cold kept them back to good 
advantage. The Rugosa, Agnes, is in full 
bloom, and it is really a very beautiful 
shrub; I like it much better than Dr. E. 
M. Mills that came out last week. Of 
course, Hugonis kept up its reputation 
and was first to bloom, but only a day or 
two ahead of Yellow Banksia. Rosclla, 
Ramona, Xanthina, Soleil d'Or, and 
Austrian Copper are in bloom this morn- 
ing. Harison's Yellow^ will be out to- 
morrow, and by Monday many of the 
Hybrid Teas will be showing color. 

Just had a box of roses by express from 
a northern nursery. It may be late to 
plant here but they were ordered to fill 
out where some had died, and I have never 
made up my mind which is the best time 
to plant northern-grown roses here — 
spring or fall. 

Last year my spring plantings (northern 
roses) did better than usual. But I got 
some northern-grown roses for Christmas 
last year, and they are doing fine. So "no 
can tell" — but this season they have all 
had a fair break. 

A friend of mine who lives in Wyoming 
sent me two wild rose bushes yesterday. 
Do you know what they might be? They 
are a little of the Rugosa type, very 
thorny, eyes rather close together, but 
not so many fine furry thorns as Rugosa. 
Suppose if I will have patience and wait 
until they bloom, someone will be able to 
identify them.* 

One rose I particularly wanted this 
year was Helen Fox — everywhere I 
ordered, they were out. I had it two years 
ago but it died. Sir Henry Segrave was 
another, but who can always have all the 
new ones? 

♦Perhaps it is Rosa acicularis. — Editor. 



I am very anxious to go to Atlanta for 
the spring convention as I have not been 
in that part of the country since I was a 
child. The only thing is, that our own 
roses may be at their best just at that 
time and we are planning; a big spring 
rose show. For two years following, our 
shows have been timed wrong and every- 
one is very anxious to have it at the best 
time this year. 

We have some very fine new rose- 
gardens here this year and I arn hoping 
there will be very keen competition. 

You would be surprised to see how 
many of the better roses are being planted. 

— ^Hally Bradley Hampton, Texas 



A Step Forward in Germany 

I have mentioned elsewhere the in- 
ordinate yearly increase of rose nomen- 
clature, nine-tenths of which could be 
spared without being missed. The Ger- 
man Government has stepped in, as a 
part of its economy policy — economy for 
both the nurseryman and the public, 

I received today (January 11, 1935) a 
letter from my good friend Kordes of 
Sparrieshoop, Germany, which I quote: 

**We have now established the rose trials. 
They are now under direct control of the 
Ministry of Agriculture, and all sorts that 
are no improvements will be forbidden to 
be sold. Foreign sorts shall be tried by the 
importer and must not be propagated and 
sold in Germany if they are no improve- 
ments somehow. It is well for foreign 
raisers to send their new roses for the two- 
years' trial to Sangerhausen and to 
Uetersen. We need at least 10 plants each 
of Hybrid Teas, Pernetianas, Polyanthas; 
3 each ot Hardy Parkroses, Climbers, and 
Hybrid Perpetuals. 

"Of the first-named Garden Roses, 
double the quantity may be sent. All 
plants must be delivered free Uetersen 
and Sangerhausen. An import permit will 
be obtained by me, if given the quantity 
of plants and sorts sent. 

"Will you do me the favor and write an 
appeal in this sense for the Rose Annual?*' 
I will not comment on this "Govern- 
ment paternalism" but I believe it is a 
good move.— J. H. Nicolas, N. Y. 



12 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



Rose Eden Goes East 



Two weeks of spare time — too early in 
the year to work with roses — and one of 
our daughters is asking us to visit her in 
New York; those great rose nurseries in 
the East, with which I have been doing 
business for years, are saying "Come out 
and see us sometime," so I displayed my 
weakness to these temptations and, with 
the Missus, boarded a Pennsylvania train 
for New York. 

Our first stop was at Harrisburg, Pa., 
to meet our Secretary, Mr. G. A. Stevens, 
and spend a very pleasant two hours. 
From there we telephoned the Conard- 
Pyle Company at West Grove and they 
had a car meet us at the train for a 
10-miIe drive to their Nursery. 

I have always had a very high opinion 
of the roses from that firm, and I want to 
state that this opinion now extends to the 
whole organization. Men like James 
Todd, R. Marion Hatton, Mr. Hutton, 
and others are fine people to know, and 
we prize highly the friendships we made 
there. 

Then on to New York, and on March 2 
my son-in-law drove me to Rutherford 
where we were kindly received by 
Bobbink & Atkins, and we saw just as 
fine plants and flowers as their catalogues 
illustrate. We spent about two hours 
with Mr. Peter Kooy, the head of their 
rose department, and from a personal 
inspection of the roses in their storage 
cellars and greenhouses, a lot of people 
are going to have rose success with this 
fine-looking stock. 

The next visit was to the L. B. Cod- 
dington Co., at Murray Hill, N. J., the 
"birthplace" of the roses President 
Herbert Hoover, Autumn, Mrs. L. B. 
Coddington, and others. 

In the enormous greenhouses a half 
milh'on roses were growing and blooming 
for the cut-flower trade. One of the 
greenhouses contains the seedlings and 
test plants from among which I predict 
will come some of the "Roses of to- 
morrow." 

As we left this wonderful place, Mr. 
Coddington presented us with a large 
bouquet of cut roses of the different 
varieties, some of which were from the 



test plants, and although in a week these 
cut roses will cease to exist, the memory 
of that gracious gentleman and his son 
will always linger in my memory. 

What delightful memories to take back 
home! And, when one is alone in the 
solitude of his own rose-garden, how 
pleasant to think of the good friends far 
and wide, united in love for our universal 
lady Rose. 

— Howard S. Norton, Illinois. 



Varieties Adapted to Black 
Land Belt in North Texas 

I have grown or have observed the 
growth of some two hundred varieties of 
roses in this territory for ten years. I do 
not care for single roses, nor would I call 
any rose good that produces less than one 
dozen blossoms in a season. Some varie- 
ties produce very lovely blossoms but 
seem unable, in this locality at least, to 
make the supreme effort more than two or 
three times a season. I grow several such 
varieties, but I do not consider them 
adapted to this section. 

Were it necessary for me to select a bed 
of rose plants to produce blooms for some 
stated purpose, the varieties that have 
not proved themselves would not be 
chosen. I like a beautiful display of color 
in the garden, but each individual rose, 
when examined closely, must be double, 
fragrant, of good substance, long lasting, 
and of unfading color if I am to nominate 
it for this list. 

It is with the above pet ideas in mind 
that this article is written. There is no 
perfect variety of rose of any color, but 
those below named approach most nearly 
these ideals. 

In the red class: (1) E. G. Hill; (2) 
Etoile de Hollande; (3) Black Knight; 

(4) Texas Centennial (Red Hoover); 

(5) Red Radiance. Hill is a little shy in 
number of blooms; Hollande a little more 
so. Red Radiance has poor form, no 
lasting qualities, and its color fades, but it 
blooms. Black Knight and Texas Cen- 
tennial are two newcomers of great 
promise. The former looks like the per- 
fect rod. 

There are many good pink varieties: 



(^ 



)i 



f 



(1) Editor McFarland; (2) Columbia; 
(3) Radiance; (4) Ophelia; (5) Nellie E. 
Hillock. McFarland is the best. If Nellie 
E. Hillock comes through the second year 
as it did in 1934, it is my nominee for 
first place. 

Among the yellows are: (1) Golden 
Dawn; (2) Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont; 
(3) Soeur Therese; (4) Super du Pont 
(temporary name); (5) Julien Potin. The 
first three are about equally good but of 
different shades of yellow. That Super du 
Pont will be far in the lead of the field 
in a short time is my prediction. It is 
nearly the rose without a fault. 

Caledonia and Kaiserin Auguste Vik- 
toria will fill the bill in the whites. 

Multicolored varieties are many. The 
best are: (1) President Herbert Hoover; 

(2) Condesa de Sastago; (3) Edith Nellie 
Perkins; (4) Comtesse Vandal; (5) Talis- 
man. No one of these varieties has all the 
prerequisites, but those named are the 
best. 

The Climbers good with us are: (1) 
Mme. Gregoire Staechelin; (2) Countess of 
Stradbroke; (3) Scorcher; (4) Kitty 
Kininmonth; (5) Zephirine Drouhin; 
(6) Mermaid, if you like singles. Most any 
of the Climbing Hybrid Teas do well, or 
at least as well as the bush rose of the 
respective variety. — T. M. Cain, Texas. 

Roses on the Sandy Prairies of 

Illinois 

Hybrid Perpetual and Hybrid Tea 
roses planted in our back yard before the 
World War were divided and set out in a 
prepared bed on the front lawn about 
50 yards from the house. There were 
eighteen sturdy bushes when the planting 
was finished in the fall of 1933. That fall 
and winter were noted for scarcity of snow 
and rain. The spring and summer of 1934 
were the driest and hottest on record for 
this neighborhood. In spite of heat and 
drought fifteen of the eighteen roses grew 
vigorously and are now in good shape. 
Bugs were few; black-spot was not visible 
for several reasons. All our sudsy, soft 
water w^as poured around the plants and 
there was no sprinkling of the leaves. The 
village authorities, fearing a water short- 



age, limited the use of the hose to two 
hours in the evening, 6 to 8 o'clock. This 
edict probably saved our roses from black- 
spot and mildew as we have learned that 
roses should not have water on their 
leaves after sundown. 

About twenty-four established roses 
remain in the back garden. Planting the 
bud-union 2 to 3 inches below soil-level is 
correct according to our experience, par- 
ticularly in shifting, sandy soil 

One-year own-root and dormant field- 
grown roses planted last spring, 1934, in 
our back garden did not survive the heat 
and drought. This year we will use pot- 
grown plants of Hybrid Tea varieties. 
— Helen A. Campbell, Illinois. 

Roses in the Bahamas 

I really did not expect to see any roses 
on our little cruise through the Bahamas 
over the holidays. But, riding around and 
enjoying the beauty of poinsettias, hibis- 
cus, and at least four or five distinct 
shades of gorgeous bougainvillea vine, we 
saw roses in almost every yard, the most 
familiar being Marechal Niel, and several 
other Noisettes, and another, apparently 
Lamarque, in full bloom, covering the 
entire side of a house. 

The only familiar rose we saw which 
reminded us of home was a lonesome plant 
of Radiance. The rest were apparently 
all types of Teas and Chinas long since out 
of commerce in the regular channels of 
trade. 

One Tea rose that caught my eye grew 
8 to 10 feet tall, with canes 4 inches in 
diameter. It was practically thornless 
and the flowers were bright, showy red. 

Another one, known locally as the 
"Seven Sisters Rose," was blooming in 
pale pink clusters and bore no relation 
whatever to the Multiflora we know as 
"Seven Sisters." 

Rosa indica, the common China, was 
seen quite frequently. Another rose which 
I have seen only once or twice and then 
not over one foot high, was the Picayune 
Rose. Here it stood at least 7 feet high 
and the bushes 6 feet in diameter. Locally, 
it was known as the "Fly Away Rose.'* 

Another very large crimson China was 
known locally as the "Periwinkle Rose." 



14 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



I did not even try to guess its true 
name. 

It is too bad that some of these fine old 
roses are not available here. 

^C. R. McGiNNES, Pennsylvania. 

Likes 1935 Annual 

The Annual eame Saturday morning 
and I have read it all — some of it twice 
already. I have ten volumes now, but 
this far surpasses any of the rest. I am 
sure it cannot fail to be of interest to 
every type of member. In the Rose 
Magazine, some time last year, someone 
questioned the value of "The Proof of the 
Pudding.** As many of the reports came 
from amateurs, we think that is why it is 
of such great value. I always read it first 
and watch witii interest the reports on 
certain roses from different parts of the 
country; it is so difficult to choose the 
worthwhile ones from among the new 
roses. We have the promise of a fine 
season of climbing roses, the first in five 
years. I was about to give them up. 
Christine Wright, in a very exposed 
position, has never been killed back here, 
nor failed to give good bloom. Gerbe 
Rose and Mary Wallace are two more 
you can count on. So many of the new 
varieties kill back, and it is distressing to 
look at the bare posts. Interest in rose- 
growing increases here each year, in spite 
of our hot and often dry summers. Our 
autumn bloom makes it well worth while. 

— Caroline Thornton Scott, Ky. 

Portland Rose Society 

The Portland Rose Society held its annual 
meeting on February 12, 1935, in the Green 
Room of the Portland Hotel. The meeting was 
very interesting and on every hand there was a 
feeling of confidence and optimism. A number 
of new members had been secured, and some of 
them joined the American Rose Society. It is 
the ambition of the Portland Rose Society to 
have a very large and active membership. It is 
also their desire to have a larger membership in 
the American Rose Society than any other city 
in the United States. 

A very interesting paper was read by Mr. 
Edmunds, Curator of the International Test 
Garden, He stated: 

"The season of 1935 marks the eighteenth year 
of operation of this garden by the city of Port- 
land. During that time hundreds of new varieties 



have been received for test and many awards 
made. The 1934 awards, recently announced, 
totaled twenty-one and included one gold, one 
silver, five bronze medals and thirteen Certifi- 
cates of Merit. 

"Several factors combine to make the future 
outlook for this garden increasingly promising. 
The passing of the U. S. Plant Patent Act now 
assures to hybridizers the security and reward 
for their work, which has long been their due. 
The Annual Convention of the American Rose 
Society, held in Portland last summer, greatly 
stimulated local rose interest, which in turn has 
led to real accomplishment. Its immediate 
result was the formation of the 'Portland Rose 
Council,* which is composed of representatives 
from leading civic organizations. Its main 
objects are the advancement of rose-culture, 
fostering of municipal rose-plantings, and the 
effective maintenance of our test garden. It 
seeks, by study of ways and means, in coopera- 
tion with our Park Bureau, to keep the standard 
of this garden so high that its awards will be 
rated fully equal to the highest obtainable ary- 
where. Substantial additions to the staff of 
Board of Judges, revision of the rules to conform 
to the best accepted international standards, and 
a closer cooperation between our local units and 
the Arnerican Rose Society are a part of the Rose 
Council's program. 

"Washington Park is ideally fitted to be 
Portland's Municipal Rose Center. The location, 
surroundings, and soil are all that could be 
desired. Already established there are the 
International Rose-Test Garden and Royal 
Rosarians' Court. Additional plantings have 
been made this winter, equaling in extent the 
combined area of these two original gardens. 
The cost of these new plantings has been nominal, 
as the roses were raised in the park. More plants 
are being raised this season, for further enlarge- 
ment. Looking at a plat of Washington Park 
we see several reasons why roses should be the 
dominant feature there. The new scenic drive- 
way is called the 'Rose Garden Drive.' The 
large outdoor amphitheatre is the 'Rose Bowl.' 
The series of terraces, dropping down from the 
'Rose Garden Drive' to a lower road, is called 
the 'Cascade of Roses.' Flanking this on either 
side is the International Rose-Test Garden and 
Royal Rosarians' Court. Between the Test 
Garden and upper display beds it is the hope of 
many rose-lovers to see established an old- 
fashioned rose-garden from which to contrast 
the newest creations of today with the rose of 
bygone generations. 

"Another feature for which some of the banks 
in the park are ideally adapted would be plantings 
of species roses. A collection of tnirty-one 
varieties of these was recently received by the 
city as a gift from a rose enthusiast of Salem." 

Another interesting report came from the 
Royal Rosarians through the kindness of Roy 
K. Terry, Chairman of the Rose Planting Com- 
mittee. It has been the aim of Mr. Terry to have 
all Royal Rosarians join the Portland Rose 
Society. This desire is about to be accomplished, 
and it is expected that within the next few weeks 



i 



the entire membership of the Royal Rosarians 
will join the Society. Hereafter membership in 
the Royal Rosarians will also carry membership 
in the Portland Rose Society. 

Mr. Terry also stated that the work in the 
schools that has been carried on through the 4-H 
Clubs has been most successful, and arrange- 
ments are being made to offer more prizes to the 
children and to enlarge the scope of the work. 

Word also came from the Portland Rose 
Council that a contest is being held for a new 
official rose for the city of Portland. It is the 
desire of the Council to select some rose that 
photographs well so that cuts of it may be used 
on envelopes and letterheads. There is a move- 
ment on foot to have a rose on all of the station- 



ery of the city of Portland. It also may be pos- 
sible to have the rose on the stationery of sonu- 
of the departments of the Chamber of Com- 
merce. Local merchants are taking kindly to the 
idea and some of them may be induced to have 
the official rose on their stationery. 

Mr. David Robinson, Secretary of the Port- 
land Rose Council, stated that the International 
Test Garden in Washington Park is recognized 
by the American Rose Society as one of its 
official test gardens and that in the future all 
judging will be done under the rules of the 
American Rose Society. Reports will also be 
regularly made to the Secretary of the American 
Rose Society by the curator. 

— QuiMBY L. Matthews, Portland. 



Continued from page 2 



Centennial was registered by the Dixie 
Rose Nursery, Tyler, Texas, instead of 
by Wolfe, The Florist, as indicated in the 
Annual. It is correctly reported on page 
221. 

$1,000 Prize 

The City of Portland, Oregon, is offering 
a prize of $1,000 for a new rose to replace 
Mme. Caroline Testout, which has been 
the official rose of the city for many years. 
A committee has been appointed to judge 
the entries. 

So far, the conditions under which the 
award will be made have not been stated, 
but inquiries may be addressed to David 
Robinson, Secretary of the Portland Rose 
Council, Portland, Oregon. 

Additions to the Library 

No. 70. — Bigger and Better Roses for 
Garden, House, and Exhibition, by 
G. F. Mappin. 

No. 37-1. — National Rose Society's (Eng- 
land) Select List of Roses and Instruc- 
tions for Pruning (1935 edition). 

No. 46-27.— The Rose Annual for 1935 of 
the National Rose Society of England. 

No. 36-9. — ^The American Rose Annual 
for 1935. 

Omission 

In the January- February issue, the 
name of Fred Edmonds, Curator of the 
International Rose Test-Gardens, was 
inadvertently omitted from the list of 
members of the Committee on Prizes and 
Awards. 



Book Reviews 



Old Roses, by Mrs. Frederick Love 

Keavs. The Macmillan Company, New 

York. $3.00. 

"Old Roses" is a romantic book. To 
browse through its pages is to catch 
glimpses of lovely old gardens and to 
share in the enthusiasm of the collector 
who is constantly finding hoped-for 
treasures. The very names of many of 
the old roses — French and cabbage and 
moss roses, musk roses — bring enchanting 
visions and tender reveries. 

There are scores of roses which Mrs. 
Keays makes us long to possess; she tells 
us how to go about the collection of old 
roses, how to classify and identify them, 
how to use them. — Dorothy Biddle in 
Garden Digest. 

Bigger and Better Roses for Garden, 
House, and Exhibition, by G. F. 
Mappin, Member of Council, National 
Rose Society. Herbert Jenkins, Ltd., 
London. 2/6. 

A thoroughly practical little book, 
written, as the author states, for those 
who are keen on cultivating roses but 
have no clear idea how to set about it. 

The first half of the book is given to 
detailed and carefully presented facts 
about the selection of varieties, prepara- 
tion of the soil, and cultivation, to which 
much space and thought is devoted. The 
chapters on pruning are probably as 
thorough as any that have ever been 
written. 

The second half of the book is filled 
with experiences and advice concerning 



16 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



exhibiting roses at the great English rose 
shows. So far as this country is concerned, 
this part of the book is largely academic, 
but the information which it contains 
should be of inestimable value to con- 
testants even at our smaller shows where 
there is generally a woeful lack of quality 
in the blooms. 

Major Mappin's book is one of the 
most complete treatises on the subject, 
and will be cherished by those who are 
interested in growing really fme roses, not 
merely masses of flashy color in the 
garden. 

In the Circulating Library. 

The Rose Annual for 1935, of the 

National Rose Society, edited by 

Courtney Page, Honorary Secretary, 
London. 

The English Rose Annual has a long 
and honorable history and the most recent 
edition is in the best tradition. Full of 
excellent colored plates of such roses as 
Angels Mateu, McGredy*s Orange, Oliver 
Mee, Christopher Stone, Phyllis Gold, the 
charming orange-yellow single Miss Will- 
mott. President Charles Hain, Olive 
Cook, the superb Dorothy McGredy, 
McGredy's Pride, and many other black- 
and-white illustrations, it is a veritable 
album of roses and rosarians. 

Following much the same plan as our 
own Annual, it consists largely of articles 
by interested amateurs, many of purely 
local interest, but among them such as 
"Roses from Seed," by Dr. A. H. Williams 
who is responsible for the lovely rose, 
Emily Gray; a very thorough chapter on 
"Rose Hybridization," by the Editor; 
and a distinctly valuable account of 
"Roses for Shrubbery and Woodland,*' 
by Edward A. Bunyard, who has evi- 
dently grown every obtainable species. 
Our correspondent, Charles H. Rigg, 
writes about **Exhibiting Roses in 
Baskets," and there is a delightful 
reminiscent article by Walter Easlea, 
who has been growing roses over sixty 
years. Our own J. H. Nicolas contributes 
two articles, one on the "canned" or 
package roses, and another on the test- 
gardens which he has visited. 



There is an extensive symposium on 
the best twelve bedding roses. But the 
eight reporters agreed on one variety 
only, and that was Etoile de Hollande. 
Mme. Butterfly, Mrs. Henry Bowles, 
and Golden Dawn ranked high. Other 
roses mentioned which are less popular in 
this country are Mrs. George Geary, Shot 
Silk, Emma Wright, Julien Potin, Mrs. 
Sam McGredy, Mrs. Wemyss Quin, 
Betty Uprichard, Dame Edith Helen, 
Lady Sylvia, Else Poulsen, and Kirsten 
Poulsen. 

In the Circulating Library. 

Select List of Roses and Instruc- 
tions FOR Pruning. The National 
Rose Society, London, 1935. 

This is a new and revised edition of the 
"Select List of Roses and Instructions for 
Pruning" which is one of the regular 
publications of the National Rose Society. 
To some extent it is a book of definitions 
and a list of several hundred varieties 
with brief descriptions. 

In the Circulating Library. 

The Winter Diversions of a Gar- 
dener, by Richardson Wright. J. B. 
Lippincott Company. $2.50. 

Back in 1930, Mr. Wright, then Vice- 
President of the American Rose Society, 
wrote a "long piece" about "The English 
Parson as a Gardener," which was pub- 
lished in the American Rose Annual of 
that year. That article, much enlarged 
and enriched with additional facts, forms 
the last half of this new book of literary 
odds and ends relating to gardening, and 
horticulture in general. Earlier chapters 
deal with the flower-painting ladies, the 
history of exploration in search of plants 
and their transportation, the story of the 
Huguenots as gardeners, a history of the 
summer-house, and much matter it would 
seem that was crowded out of his monu- 
mental "Story of Gardening." 

While not a rose-book, it is full of 
fascinating material of deep interest to 
ail gardeners, and as such is recom- 
mended to members of the Society which 
Mr. Wright has served as Trustee, Vice- 
President, and President for many years. 




-"■^ 



A^ 



w 



v 



A 



Edited hy 
Horace McFarland 
and G.A.Stevens 



VOL. 1— No. 15 




September Meeting 

THE Annual Meeting of the Society will be held 
in Rochester, New York, September 10 and 11, 
with optional features for the 12th. (Dates tenta- 
tive.) An important and instructive program is 
being prepared which the Committee hopes will 
make the occasion be long remembered. 

The meeting will be held in connection with the 
Autumn Show of the Rochester Rose Society which 
will include unique features of interest to all local 
organizations whose activities center around an 
Annual Rose Show. 

The Officers and Trustees hope for a large atten- 
dance and urge all members who can to come to 
Rochester in September. 



ublisKedlDy^ The American Rose Society; HanisturiPa. 

Z5< a copy • $1.50 a year 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN 
ROSE MAGAZINE 

Edited by 

J. Horace McFarland 
and G. A. Stevens 

Puhlisbi'd bi-montbly by 

THE AMERICAN ROSE SOCIETY 

Crescent and Mulberry Sts., Harrisburg. Pa. 

Subscription pi ice: To members of the American Rose 
Society 75 cts. u year, 15 cts. a copy, wbicb amount is 
included in the annual dues of Si.fo. 

To all others: $1.50 a year, 25 cts. a copy. 

Entered as second-class mat tor at the PostOHiccat Marris- 
burg. Pa., un<Ier the act of March 3, 1879. 



VoL.1. No. 15 



1935 



May-Jlni: 



Dr. SuUiger Passes 

Monday, April 15, Dr. S. S. Sulliger, 
President of the American Rose Society, 
died at his home in Tacoma. 

Because of his long-continued illness, 
Dr. Suihger had never been able to take 
up his duties as President as vigorously as 
he wished. In accordance with his wish 
expressed to the Secretary and tlie Vice- 
president-elect when they visited him in 
Tacoma last June, Leonard Barron, Vice- 
President, has served as Acting President 
since the beginning of the year, and now 
becomes President of the Society. 

In response to telegrams of regret and 
sympathy sent to Tacoma, Mrs. Sulliger 
wrote to the Secretary as follows: 

I very deeply appreciate the sympathy ex- 
pressed by you on behalf of the officials and 
members of the American Rose Society. "To live 
in hearts we leave behind, is not to die" and for 
him it is the crowning of a life worthily and 
richly lived. 

Never was a finer thing than the courtesy 
extended to him by the American Rose Society. 
During his valiant fight to regain his health, he 
eagerly read the reports and I read to him as 
much of the Annual as he was able to have. 
While not so well when the new Annual came, he 
was able to see and appreciate the new roses 
shown. 

The visit of the friends last year meant more to 
him than you can ever know. Words are weak 
indeed to express my own appreciation of your 
many kindnesses to him in his association with 
you. 

He was growing so weary, and gradually weak- 
ening, when there seemed to come a ner\ e exhaus- 
tion and in a few days bronchial pneumonia set in. 
He slipped away from us very quietly and was 
laid to rest in beautiful Mountain View Burial 
Park. Again thanking you all, Rose D. Si lliger. 



Book Review 

Truly Rural. Adventures in Getting 
Back TO Earth. By Richardson 
Wright. J. B. Lippincott Co. 1935. 
$2.50. 

In 1922, when Richardson Wright wrote 
*Truly Rural," he practiced what he 
preached and gardened. Today, thirteen 
years later, he confesses, in a foreword to 
a new edition, that, to preserve his winter 
front through the summer, it is necessary 
to let someone else do the dirty work 
while he sniffs the perfume of the flowers, 
feasts his eyes on their beauty, and day- 
dreams. 

While this is not a textbook, one can 
get a lot besides mere pleasure from read- 
ing it. Mr. Wright does not say that we 
should plant this thing here and that one 
there, but he draws a word picture of the 
making and remaking of his garden, and 
the picture is so understandingly beauti- 
ful that one just has to grab pencil and 
paper to make notes as to just how a 
collection of Michaelmas Daisies could be 
used to best advantage; why bold group- 
ings of Red-Hot Pokers are necessary, 
and to use more annuals in the border 
next year; ideas too inspiring to ignore. 

The garden is only part of the story, 
however, as there are chapters devoted to 
the making of this old house over into a 
charming home, chapters which will 
delight every woman reader as well as 
the few males who have a soul. 

Real restful and homelike are the pages 
wherein the author talks out loud while 
day-dreaming about the far-away places 
he has been, and the strange and beautiful 
things he has seen. 

On one of the pages devoted to roses 
appears this bit of philosophy which 
every rosarian would do well to remem- 
ber: *Tt will greatly simplify matters 
when the beginning gardener finds that 
most of these sprays can be reduced to 
one, and that common sense, not deep 
garden intellectuality, lies behind the 
\arious treatments suggested for roses." 

*T feel that this pest and spray side of 
rose-growing has been exaggerated, and 
that many people who would otherwise 
pay a great deal of attention to roses have 
been scared off." — R. Marion Hatton. 



Disease-Control Campaign 

By L. M. MASSEY, Chairman, Committee on Disease-Control 



i 



IN THE 1935 Campaign we shall have 
about 100 recorded cooperators. This 
is a smaller number than last year, but 
perhaps more nearly includes only those 
who will carry the season's programme 
to completion. Objectively, each of these 
cooperators will carry through a system- 
atic and faithful programme of dusting or 
spraying, keeping a careful record of what 
is done, to demonstrate to himself and for 
the benefit of all rose-growers what can be 
done in controlling diseases and pests. 
While we believe the individual will be 
well repaid for this special effort, there is 
an element of cooperation and of real 
service here that constitutes the life of the 
Society. We are all indebted to those who 
are helping in the Campaign. May we add 
that the list is still open! 

The returned postal cards brought 
many inquiries, all of which have been 
answered directly by mail. The nature of 
these questions shows that while we are 
making progress in acquainting the 
growers with the fundamentals of disease- 
control, much remains to be done. With 
continued cooperation and constructive 
criticism we accept the challenge. If you 
have sought advice, have faithfully done 
what you believe to be proper for disease- 
control, and have failed, you have reason 
to look to us for an explanation and for 
assistance. We are delighted to have the 
opportunity to help you. 

There is no substitute for faithfulness in 
carrying out your disease-control pro- 
gramme. It is the key to success. You may 
spray with Bordeaux mixture, lime-sul- 
phur solution, any one of numerous 
wettable sulphur sprays, or other standard 
materials; you may dust with 90-10 
sulphur-arsenate of lead dust, copper-lime 
dust, flotation-sulphur dust and other 
tried materials, and stiU not get satisfac- 
tory control of black-spot, mildew, etc., 
unless you have the applications properly 
timed. The material is important, and 
some are carelessly using inferior ones; 
but the timing of the applications is even 
more important. 

So we repeat some facts and advice that 
are of fundamental importance. From our 



experimental work we know that when- 
ever the foliage is wet continuously for a 
matter of six hours or so, at ordinary tem- 
peratures, conditions are favorable for the 
spores of the black-spot fungus to germi- 
nate and penetrate the epidermis. And 
while we have not yet investigated the 
other rose pathogenes so thoroughly, the 
conditions favoring infection may be 
assumed to be similar. It is a safe assump- 
tion that spores will be present on the leaves 
and that injection will occur whenever the 
leaves are wet continuously for six hours. 
So long as the leaves are dry, or if they 
are not continuously wet for six hours, 
infection will not result. 

Here, then, is the crux of the matter: 
Something must be done to prevent infec- 
tion throughout these periods when the 
foliage is continuously wet for six hours. 
In syringing our -plants we can select 
times when they will quickly dry, i. e., 
the mornings of bright days. But we do 
not know how long a rain will last, nor 
how long the foliage may be wet after the 
rain stops. It must be obvious, then, 
that our problem is to see that the plants 
are sprayed or dusted before the rain 
period, thus to have the fungicide present 
and active throughout the period the 
leaves are wet in order to prevent infec- 
tion. To the extent that you can antici- 
pate the rains and know whether or not 
the plants will be wet for a six-hour period, 
you can restrict the number of applica- 
tions to the number of rain periods occur- 
ring between the time when the leaf-buds 
open in the spring and defoliation takes 
place in the autumn. But since these can- 
not be anticipated and our timing made 
100 per cent effective, we do the best we 
can, usually aiming at continuous protec- 
tion to assure that the rain will not catch 
us unprepared. So we dust or spray our 
plants twice, or so, a week early in the 
season when rains are frequent and growth 
rapid; later in the season once a week may 
be dictated by our best judgment. 

To most growers, failure has been 
assumed to be a case of not using the right 
material, while the fact is that most 
failures have resulted from the improper 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



use of a material that would have given 
control if properly used. And for any 
material and method, one needs to work 
out the right sort of procedure for one's 
particular garden and conditions — points 
that require a lot of thought and perhaps 
some little experimentation. Make sure 
you are using one of the best materials 
avalkible, make doubly sure you use it 
properly, and be prepared to blame your- 
self, and not the material, when you fall. 
In some gardens black-spot Is the most 
Important disease — perhaps the only Im- 
portant one, — while in others black-spot 
mav be secondary to mildew. On the 
West Coast both' rust and mildew are 
more generally prevalent and severe than 
black-spot— with many exceptions. 
Weather conditions are probably the 
deciding factor in most cases. Some gar- 
dens present unusual difficulty in disease- 
control (usually black-spot) because of 
frequent fogs. Some are located in semi- 
arid sections where ' high temperatures 
prevail to Increase the danger from burn- 
ing and make special handling necessary. 
Some plantings have good air drainage, 
with the result that the foliage dries 
quickly after rains, while others have very 
poor air drainage. Insects, both chewing 
and sucking, are problems in some 
gardens, not in others. Just as we vary 
other cultural practices to meet our local 
conditions, we must vary our spray and 
dust practices. But the fundamentals of 
disease-control hold in all cases, and w hile 
we should be alive to these local condi- 
tions and move to meet them, we should 
exercise care in seeing that none of the 
essentials for disease-control is violated. 

i f f i 

During a period of continuous or fre- 
quent rains which keep the foliage wet for 
days, applications may be made between 
showers or even during the rain. The 
sulphur-arsenate of lead dust is admirably 
suited for this, while sprays will usually 
fall because they are washed off before 
they have had time to dry. 

i f 1 i 

A small duster of the bellows type and 
the sort that many have indicated an 
Interest in obtaining, is available. It lists 
at a cost of about $6.00. The same con- 
cern markets a "knapsack sprayer" and a 



large-sized duster of the knapsack type, 
but they would probably be found to be 
too heavy and cumbersome for the aver- 
age rose-grower. The Secretary \\\\\ send 
you the name and address of the dealer. 

1 i i i 

Some continue to have difficulty getting 
the proper amount of material, spray or 
dust, on the plants. In spraying, use a 
pressure of at least 25 pounds, better 50, 
along with a nozzle that breaks the spray 
into a very fine mist. Try to cover the 
foliage without drenching. In dusting, if 
you select evening or early morning hours 
when the air is quiet, you can get excellent 
coverage with a minimum amount of 
material. Try to get a thin coating of the 
dust on the foliage without getting enough 
to be conspicuous. This requires practice. 
The distance the nozzle of the duster 
should be held from the plant will vary 
with other factors, especially the wind, 
but there is a definite distance that will 
give best results; if held too close you get 
uneven distribution and more dust than 
necessary Is used, while If too far away 
you will fail to cover some of the leaves. 

i 1 i 1 

The importance of the early season 
applications should not be overlooked, 
since to prevent the initial infections is to 
decrease the number of resulting spores 
and increase the chances of effective con- 
trol later in the season. Also, anything 
that can be done in the way of picking and 
burning diseased leaves will help, espe- 
cially If this is done promptly with the 
first symptoms of the disease. 

f 1 i f 

Value of "The Proof of the 
Pudding" 

The suggestion to appoint a Brain- 
truster as Worthy Supreme Taster of the 
Hasty Pudding Is more amusing than 
promising. The pure scientist usually 
overlooks some practical feature which 
invalidates his deductions. 

That overlooked practical feature In 
gardening Is likely to be the fundamental 
difference in the appetites of wild and 
cultivated plants. The wild plant takes 
up what It finds In the soil like a sponge, 
without discrimination; If poisonous ele- 
ments are present, death results; this 




I 



\\ 



seems to be the reason for Intensive study 
of the ecology of w^ild plants, to duplicate 
the conditions under which alone some of 
them may be able to thrive. But the 
cultivated plant, with generations of 
garden experience behind it, seems to have 
learned to sit down like an accomplished 
gentleman at any table, there to select its 
food, to chew what it requires and to 
eschew what it dislikes. Thus the mari- 
gold will thrive anywhere, taking the same 
food from your garden or mine, though 
the soils may be different. A wild plant 
which can do that is called a w^ed. There- 
fore *'The Proof of the Pudding" has its 
chief value in the multitude of reports, 
showing adaptability. 

— Albert Chandler, Si. Louis 



Rosa Rouletti 

W^e had a rose show^ in San Jose on 
the 25th, held in the little theatre of the 
Herbert Hoover High School. It was very 
interesting, for so many new^ roses were 
shown for the first time, and I regret you 
could not be here to enioy it with us. 

Thinking it might be interesting, I am 
enclosing a photograph of twelve blooms 
of Rosa Rouletti nestled in a walnut shell 
and placed in the heart of Susan Louise. 
It created much interest at the show. It 
is surprising how abundantly that little 
rascal blooms. On my tiny, but well- 
established bush I could easily have 
picked twice a dozen blooms, all perfectly 
formed. 
— Mrs. Charles C. Derby, Calijornia 



THE AMliRICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



use ol" a material that would have <^\\cn 
control il" j)roperlv used. And lor an> 
material and metliod, one needs to work 
out the ri;j:ht sort of j)roeedure lor one's 
j)artieular <_^•^rden and conditions- ponits 
tliat recjuire a lot ollhouj^ht and perhaps 
some- little e\j)erimentation. Make sure 
\ou are usin«z one ol" the best materials 
available, make doubl\ sure vou use it 
preperlx , and be |j>rei>are(l to blame ,\<»nr- 
seir, and not the material, when you lad. 
In soHH' Lrardens black-sj^ot is the most 
important disease- perhaj:)s the onlv im- 
j:»ortant one,- while in others black-spot 
ma\ be secondary to mildew. On the 
West C^oast both rust and mildew are 
more <:enerally prc-\alent and severe than 
black-"- pot- with many e\ce|jtions. 
Weather conditions are probably the 
decidin<i factor in most cases. Some niir- 
dens present unusu.'d difiiculty in disease- 
control (usually black-spot) because ()l 
l're(|uent ro<^s. Some are located in semi- 
arid sections where hi^h temperatures 
prevail to increase the dan<i;er from burn- 
\mr and make s|)ecial handling necessary. 
Some plantinjis have <hhk\ air drainage, 
with the result that the foliage dries 
(juicklv after rains, while others ha\e very 
poor air drainage. Insects, both chewing 
and sucking, are ])roblems in some 
gardens, not in others. Just as we vary 
other cultural j)ractices to meet our local 
conditions, we must vary our spray and 
dust i)ractices. But the fundamentals ol 
disease-control hold in all cases, and while 
we shoidd be alive to these local condi- 
tions and move to meet them, we should 
exercise care in seeing that none ol the 
essentials for disease-control is violated. 

i i f -r 

During a jX'riod of continuous or Ire- 
ciuent rains w hich keej) the foliage wet for 
days, applications may be made between 
showers or even during the rain. 1 he 
sulphur-arsenate of lead dust is admirably 
suited for this, while sprays will usually 
fail because they are washed oil" before 
they have had time to dry. 

i f i -f 

A small duster of the bellows type and 
the sort that many have indicated an 
interest in obtaining, is available. It lists 
at a cost of about S6.()(). The same con- 
tern markets a "knapsack sj^raver" and a 



large-sized duster of the knapsack tyjx-, 
but they would probably be found t(» be 
too heavy and cumbersome for the aver- 
age rose-grower. 1 he Secretary will send 
vou the name and address ol the dealer. 

Some continue to hav e dillicult.v getting 
the j/ro|X'r amount of material, sprav or 
dust', on the |)lants. in spraying, use a 
pressure of at Ic-ast 25 j)ounds, better 50, 
along with a nozzle that breaks the spray 
into a very line mist. \x\ to cover the 
foliage without drenching. In dusting, il 
vou select evening or earlv Fuorning hours 
when the air is cjuiet, you can get excellent 
coverage with a minimum amount ol 
material. \x\ to get a thin coating ol th.e 
dust on the foliage without getting enough 
to be conspicuous. This requires practice. 
The distance the nozzle of the cluster 
should be held from the plant will vary 
with other factors, especially the wind, 
but there is a delinite distance that will 
give best results; if held too close you get 
uneven distribution and more dust than 
necessary is used, while if too far away 
you w ill fail to cover some of the leaves. 

1 i i i 

The imj:)()rtance of the early season 
apj)lications should not be overlooked, 
since to prevent the initial infections is to 
decrease the number of resulting spores 
and increase the chances of effective con- 
trol later in the season. Also, anything 
that can be done in the way of picking and 
burning diseased leaves will help, espe- 
cially if this is done promptly with the 
first symptoms of the disease. 

■f 1 i f 

Value of ^The Proof of the 
Pudding'* 

71ie suggestion to appoint a Brain- 
truster as Worthy Supreme Taster of the 
Hasty Pudding is more amusing than 
promising. The pure scientist usuallv 
overlooks some pra.ctical feature which 
Invalidates his deductions. 

Hiat overlooked i:>ractical feature in 
gardening is likely to be the fundamental 
dlfferenee in the appetites of wild and 
cultivated plants. The wild plant takes 
up what it finds in the soil like a sponge, 
without discrimination; if poisonous ele- 
ments are present, death results; this 




seems to be the reason for intensive study 
of tlie ecology of wild plants, to duplicate 
the conditions under which alone some ol 
them may be able to thrive. But the 
cultivated plant, with generations ol 
garden experience behind it, seems to have 
learned to sit down like an accomj)lished 
gentleman at any table, there to select its 
food, to chew what it requires and to 
esch.ew what it dislikes. Thus tlie mari- 
gold w '11 thrive anvw here, taking the same 
tood from vour garden or mine, though 
the soils may be dillerent. A wild plant 
whicli can do that is called a weed. There- 
fore "The Prot^f of the Pudding" has its 
ehief value in the multitude of rej)orts, 
showing adaptability. 

— Albfkt Chandllk, Si. Louis 



Rosa Rouletti 

We had a rose show in San Jose on 
the 25th, held in the little theatre of the 
I lerbert I loover High School. It was v cry 
interesting, for so manv new roses were 
shown for the lirst time, and I regret you 
could not be here X(> enioy it with us. 

Thinking it might be interesting, I am 
enclosing a photograph of twelve blooms 
of Rosa RouL'tti nestled in a walnut shell 
and i)laced in the heart of Susan bouise. 
It created much interest at the show. It 
is surprising how abundantiv that little 
rascal blooms. On mv tin\, !nit well- 
established bush I could ca^ilv have 
picked twice a dozen blocuns, all periectly 
lormed. 
- Mks. CnAKi.is C^. DfKin-, (Adijornia 



INTENTIONAL SECOND EXPOSURE 



spring Convention of the American 

Rose Society 

Atlanta-Macon, April 29, 30, 1935 

By THE SECRETARY 



MORE than a hundred members of 
the American Rose Society, from 
states as far west as Texas and 
as far north as Michigan, as well as near- 
by districts, attended the first Spring 
Convention of the American Rose Society 
held at the Biltmore Hotel in Atlanta, 
April 29. 

The Georgia Rose Society, J. D. Crump, 
President, acted as host. Visitors regis- 
tered at the Biltmore on the morning of 
the 29th and went immediately Into the 
first meeting. Mr. Crump extended the 
welcome to the visiting delegates which 
was responded to by Dr. T. Allen Kirk 
of Roanoke, Va., Trustee of the Ameri- 
can Rose Society, following which the 
officers of both the American Rose 
Society and the Georgia Rose Society 
were introduced. 

The meeting was then turned over to 
Dr. J. Horace McFarland, President 
Emeritus of the American Rose Society, 
who acted in the absence of Leonard 
Barron, now its Acting President. 

The Secretary, G. A. Stevens, spoke 
briefly concerning the projected National 
Rosarium which it Is proposed to found 
near Washington whenever the means 
and opportunity afford. He stressed the 
fact that no worthier or more enduring 
monument could be left by some wealthy 
man desiring to perpetuate his name or 
that of some loved one. 

Dr. J. H. Nicolas delivered the address of 
the morning on "Reglonallty of the Rose," 
(printed in part on pages 8-10,) stressing 
clearly the adaptation of varieties to dif- 
ferent soils, climates, and locations. 

Following Dr. Nicolas' address there 
was a brief discussion as to the advis- 
ability of continuing "The Proof of the 
Pudding" which has become an outstand- 
ing feature of the American Rose Society's 
Annual each year, and the meeting was 
thrown open to questions and answers, 



most of which turned upon problems of 
interest to amateur gardeners in the 
southern districts. 

At the close of the meeting, members 
were invited to luncheon In the Biltmore 
and immediately afterward left on a tour 
of Atlanta rose-gardens which were in full 
bloom and showed remarkable up-to- 
dateness In the manner of new varieties. 

Weary with sightseeing, the caravan 
returned to the Biltmore about six 
o'clock, merely time enough to give 
everybody opportunity to get ready for 
the banquet. The banquet was followed 
by an address on "Georgia and Georgia 
Roses" by the Honorable Rodney Cohen, 
of Augusta. Mr. Cohen brought out the 
deep relation which used to exist between 
the rose-growing Interests of the South 
and North, showing how Georgia itself 
was founded on the garden idea and 
explaining that at one time the Augusta- 
Savannah neighborhood was the rose- 
growing center of the United States. 

He was followed by Robert Pyle, who 
spoke at some length concerning the 
accomplishments and aspirations of the 
American Rose Society and paid tribute 
to the leadership of Dr. J. Horace 
McFarland. 

The Secretary then Introduced Mrs. 
Hally Bradley Hampton, a member of 
the Society's Committee on Prizes and 
Awards, who presented the Gertrude M. 
Hubbard Gold Medal to L. B. Coddlng- 
ton, of Murray Hill, N. J., for his rose. 
President Herbert Hoover, judged by the 
Society to be the best rose originated by 
an American within the past five years. 
This award was received with cheers, and 
the audience arose In tribute to Mr. 
Coddington. 

Early the following morning, members 
of the Georgia and American Rose 
Societies were taken in automobiles to 
"Flower Acres," the home of Donald 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Hastings, Treasurer of the Georgia Rose 
Society, where they enjoyed the beautiful 
garden which he and Mrs. Hastings have 
made, and also some pleasant samples of 
Georgia hospitality. The cavalcade then 
proceeded through Macon, arriving at 
noon at Porterfield, the estate of J. H. 
Porter, where, grouped on his spacious 
lawns, all the visitors enjoyed a genuine 
Georgia barbecue. 

The afternoon was spent in visiting the 
vast rose-plantings at Porterfield, which 
included nearly 1,200 varieties of old and 
new roses. Mr. Porter makes it a point 
to secure plants of every variety of rose 
he hears about, and he has advanced far 
toward accomplishing his ambitious aim. 
Some remarkable examples of roses grow- 
ing In the shade of a lath-house w^ere seen, 
and many old favorites, including some 
rare old Tea varieties, were found grow- 
ing vigorously in the border beds sur- 
rounding the newer plantations. 

Probably the most outstanding roses 
seen at Porterfield were fine blocks of the 
brilliant orange-rose Condesa de Sastago; 
but while that rose was exceedingly bril- 
liant, the more modest and intensely 
florilerous Peach Blossom, a dwarf 
WIchuralana type, aroused the interest of 
discriminating growers. Northern visitors 
were amazed to see bushes of Talisman 
four to five feet high growing practically 
unattended in the public parks of Macon, 
which seems to have a climate peculiarly 
suited to roses where careful winter pro- 
tection is unnecessary and roses thrive 
amazingly with minimum attention to 
fertilizing and pruning. 

Most of the visitors departed in the 
afternoon of the 30th, but the officers and 
Trustees remained in Macon as the guests 
of Mr. Crump and Mr. Porter for dinner 
and much rose discussion that evening, 
leaving Macon early on the morning of 
May 1 . A brief stop in Atlanta showed the 
judges hard at work on the Third Annual 
Rose Show of the Georgia Rose Society, 
but, regretfully, it was necessary to push 
on, returning north by the noon train. 

The officers and members of the 
American Rose Society are deeply grate- 
ful to their Georgia hosts for the many 
courtesies and instances of true southern 
hospitality. 



Result of Voting at Porterfield 

Visitors to Porterfield on April 30, on 
the occasion of the American Rose 
Society's visit, were handed ballots on 
which to record their opinions on the best 
three roses they saw, or the three they 
liked the best. Mr. J. D. Crump has 
kindly compiled the result of the ballot 
for us. Mr. Crump writes: 

"A total of 94 votes was cast: Twenty- 
six varieties received first-choice votes; 
22 roses, not included in the first-choice, 
appeared in the second; and 10 not in- 
cluded in the first and second, appeared 
in the third, making a total of 58 roses, 
all told, that sufficiently attracted the 
attention of those visiting Porterfield to 
cause them to place them In the position 
of first, second, or third place. This is a 
rather large range of varieties, and I am 
surprised that not more dared to vote for 
the Radiances. 

"Had the visit been made on a different 
date, many worth-while roses that do not 
even appear as first, second, or third 
choice would have stood well up in the 
votes." 

First Second Third 

Condesa dc Sastago 40 16 3 

Eclipse 11 9 7 

May Wettern 7 1 5 

Rose Marie 4 6 5 

Soeur Therese 4 1 4 

Souv. de Claudius Pernet 3 1 1 

Mrs. Bedford 2 4 4 

Mme. Joseph Perraud 2 1 2 

Etoile de HoIIande 2 

Mrs. L. B. Coddington 2 

Heinrich Wendland 2 

Imperial Potentate I 5 3 

Cecil 1 2 1 

W. E. Chaplin 1 2 3 

Mabel Morse 1 3 2 

Conqueror 1 2 I 

Dainty Bess 1 1 1 

Daily Mail 1 3 

Peach Blossom I 1 

Gypsy Lass 1 

Mary, Countess of lichester. ... I 

Ethel James 1 

Elizabeth of York I 

Clarice Goodacre I 

Caledonia 1 

Margaret McGrcdy 1 

Director Rubio 4 1 

Crimson Glory 2 2 

Johanniszauber 2 1 

Dazla.... 2 1 

Julien Potin 2 4 

Mrs. John Bell 2 1 

Continued on page 8 



8 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Editor McFarland 

Baby Betty 

President Herbert Hoover 

Frau Karl Druschki 

Mrs. Charles Bell 

Radiance 

Edith Krause 

Delightful 

Otto Krauss 

Red Hoover 

Vierlanden 

Sunkist 

Duquesa de Penaranda . . 



Second Third 

2 
2 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 



Arthur Cook 

Carmelita 

Betty Uprichard 

Golden Gleam 

Barbara Richards 

Rouge Mallerin 

Shot Silk 

Sensation 

Sunstar 

Amelia Earhart 

Gloire de Chedane-Guinoisseau 

Golden Queen 

J. Otto Thilow 



Second Tbitd 

1 
1 
1 

2 
2 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 



Regionality of the Rose 

By J. H. NICOLAS 

{Paper read at Atlanta Co7ivention, April 29, 1935) 



ROSE nomenclature comprises about 
16,000 names, which means, bar- 
ring probable duplications, about 
15,000 varieties. Novelties come at the 
annual rate of about 150. This number 
of rose novelties is necessary to find varie- 
ties suited to every nook of the civilized 
world, but none has yet been found, or 
will likely ever be found, to be worth 
while everywhere. 

Europe, exclusive of Russia and Scandi- 
navia, has 1,687,470 square miles against 
3,026,789 in United States. It is divided 
into numerous countries. France and 
Germany, the two largest, are each con- 
siderably smaller than Texas, and Belgium 
has 11,373 square miles and 7,517,000 
inhabitants against Georgia's 59,275 
square miles and 2,893,500 population. 

Each country has its national aspira- 
tions, ideals, and notions of what con- 
stitutes a good rose to fill their need. 
Each country, however small, has varia- 
tions of climates due to altitude, trade 
winds, and proximity to or distance from 
the sea, gulf-stream, or large bodies of 
water, besides differences in soil-condi- 
tions. Rose-growers are satisfied with 
their home-bred roses. Breeders have a 
patronage mostly regional; they cater to 
the tastes of their own people, and it 
generally is the clientele which decides 
whether a seedling must go out or not; 
they often over-ride the originator's own 
judgment. 

In America we draw upon all those 



varied sources, regardless of the native 
conditions for which the novelties were 
intended, and we indulge in the favorite 
pastime of criticizing hybridizers for 
"forcing such trash on the trusting 
public." 

Why blame hybridizers? Novelties, 
either American or foreign, reach the con- 
sumer through commercial growers and 
distributors. These are the final judges 
of what to propagate, and they may make 
errors of judgment, scattering powder at 
sparrows instead of concentrating on a 
fine cock pheasant, but even the cock 
pheasant has territorial preferences. 

On the other hand, if the nurservman 
doing a nation-wide business limited him- 
self to one variety of a certain type there 
would be, perforce, sections of our vast 
country deprived of that particular type. 
We had that experience recently with 
two of our seedlings, blooms of which at 
their best are fairly alike. One is splendid 
on the Pacific Coast but refused to satisfy 
us in the East, while conditions are re- 
versed with the other, so, to meet the 
general demand, we had to put both in 
commerce. 

We often hear that some novelties are 
close duplications of older varieties. This 
may seem true at the first glance but a 
more thorough study generally shows 
that the newer one has corrected a certain 
weakness or defect of the older one; this, 
at least, has been found to be the fact at 
the point of origin. 



I 

i 1 



i : 



Los Angeles is a magnificent bloom but 
a miserable plant most anywhere outside 
its native heath. Would it not be a most 
worthy novelty if someone could produce 
a plant that would not lose its foliage, or 
die back, and would carry its blooms on 
a rigid neck, even though the bloom is a 
complete replica of Los Angeles? It might 
be a duplication where the original Los 
Angeles does well but it would be a strik- 
ing novelty in the other sections. Some 
people compare Comtesse Vandal to 
Edith Nellie Perkins; it is true that an 
old bloom of the Comtesse and a new 
bloom of Edith have about the same color 
combination, but a close observer will 
notice the long pointed bud, the bigger 
open bloom, and the erect stems of the 
Comtesse, qualities lacking in Edith 
which make Comtesse Vandal a superior 
variety and better adapted for cutting. 
A 100 per cent duplication of Frau Karl 
Druschki, with the addition of the per- 
fume of Etoile de Hollande, would con- 
stitute a first-class novelty although those 
unfortunates with defective smellers would 
not detect the difference. 

Until we develop regional strains and 
types, and as long as we insist on borrow- 
ing foreign roses, we may be in the posi- 
tion of the Hindu dressing in Eskimo furs 
or the Eskimo parading in Gandhi's loin- 
cloth — we have no right to complain if 
the apparel does not always fit our con- 
ditions. We may accept as a generality 
that originators' and distributors' de- 
scriptions and claims are truthful at the 
point of origin, but may not fit perform- 
ances at other points, and to find these 
points is the problem. 

"The Proof of the Pudding" was in- 
tended* to remedy the existing conditions 
and help the amateur in selecting varie- 
ties. While the idea was good, its applica- 
tion is not. Everyone who has bought a 
rose bush is admitted to speak his piece 
and his competence is not questioned. 
Prejudices and partiality stick out. 

Snap judgments are often arrived at on 
defective plants the same year of planting. 
Plants may be "hopelessly bad" for 
accidental reasons, but this has no rela- 
tion to intrinsic worth of varieties, and 



these reasons should be ascertained before 
condemnation of the novelty. 

Before we can take "The Proof of the 
Pudding" seriously we need to know the 
qualifications of the reporters, their 
climatic conditions, such as summer and 
winter extremes of temperature, altitude, 
prevailing winds and normal rainfall, the 
average nature of the soil in each section, 
and, last but not least, whether they are 
growing the variety in their own garden 
and for how long. No one can know a 
rose unless he sees it every day at various 
hours. No report should be submitted or 
considered until the second year after 
planting; it is preposterous and incom- 
petent to presume to judge a bush rose 
the first season after planting, and until 
the third year for a climber or a rambler, 
especially foreign plants on an understock 
slow to become established. The "Pud- 
ding of 1935" is full of first-year reports, 
therefore unjustified whether favorable 
or unfavorable. 

Casual visits to a nursery field are not 
conclusive, and no report should be based 
on w^hat is seen there. Maiden plants and 
blooms are abnormal, often distorted or 
sometimes emphasized by the exuberant 
push of a powerful root system forced 
through only one bud, and most varieties, 
when transplanted, will never again per- 
form as they did in the nursery-row. 
After settling down to a peaceful home- 
life, some may be as good or even better 
but the majority will be disappointing to 
anyone expecting the same results as seen 
in the nursery. 

Reporters for the "Pudding" should be 
carefully selected, each one to file a state- 
ment of information as above described. 
These could be in the form of a standard 
questionnaire sent out of the Secretary's 
office. Reporters should bear in rnind that 
the sole object of the "Pudding" is to find 
out where new roses are particularly 
adapted. The Secretary's office should 
supply printed forms with a few questions 
covering, first of all, when were the plants 
planted and how many, then vegetation 
and habit, quality of foliage, floriferous- 
ness, form of bloom, quality of color at 
various stages, and is the rose adapted to 



*It sccins necessary to insist auain that "The Proof of the Pudding" was not "intended" to remedy anything. Its 
whole purpose was to record individual opinions of different roses, as they appeared in the Editors' correspon- 
dence. — Editor. 



10 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



reporter's region. All other comments are 
superfluous. Nobody cares whether John 
Gardner of Podunk dishkes pink roses or 
prefers singles. One should be broad 
enough to admit that a rose is good, even 
if he does not like that type — his neighbor 
may like it — and why does he not confine 
his tests to types he prefers? No report 
is worth consideration based on less than 
three plants, and I repeat again, only the 
second year after planting. Foreign 
reports are irrelevant in the "Pudding" 
but welcome in separate correspondence 
— the "Pudding" is strictly a national 
proposition. 

I favor combined reports. There are 
local rose societies or rose groups, the 
members of which are closely associated 
and often join in the maintenance of a 
test-garden. Joint reports by these local 
bodies would be far more conclusive and 
impartial than individual ones; organiza- 
tion of such local groups should be 
encouraged. 

In compiling reports, State divisions 
are erroneous. Great divergences of 
climatic and rose-affecting conditions 
exist in each state, and these are dupli- 
cated in other states. If each reporter 
were requested to describe his general 
conditions, and all reporters from similar 
conditions grouped together under a 
symbol letter, — A, B, C, etc. — , readers 
could then class themselves in one partic- 
ular group and select the varieties favor- 
ably commented on by reporters of that 
group. As is now done, the "Pudding" 
offers no help in solving the reglonallty 
problem, which is the greatest confront- 
ing us. 

Another factor Intimately connected 
with reglonallty is classification. Idaho 
is sometimes referred to as a "Paradise 
for Pernetianas," and we know that 
Pernetianas do not grow satisfactorily in 
some parts of the South, that the true 
Hybrid Teas mildew badly in some sec- 
tions of the Pacific Coast. Yet, under the 
present ruling of the American Rose 
Society, Pernetianas do not exist, even 
though every nation of the world recog- 
nizes the Pernetiana as a distinct strain. 
The National Rose Society, after fighting 
it for thirty years, has finally officially 
recognized the Pernetiana class as separ- 



ate from Hybrid Tea. Their new book on 
pruning, published this spring, says, page 
96, "The Council of the National Rose 
Society have decided that they must now 
be separately classified, and have given 
them the name of Pernetiana." 

The Pernetiana strain has merits and 
faults all its own and requires a different 
treatment from the straight Hybrid Tea. 
Its sensitive reglonallty alone warrants 
its separation from our present con- 
glomerate class of Hybrid Teas, and he 
is a poor observer who does not see at a 
glance whether a rose is or is not a 
Pernetiana — color, foliage, and thorns are 
the visible signs, and performance is the 
deciding factor in case of doubt. To insist 
on suppressing the Pernetiana class and 
hiding it in the Hybrid Tea is retrogres- 
sive, an impediment to rose-diffusion and 
a gross injustice to the many rose-growers 
who must or cannot use Pernetianas. The 
Society should not lower itself to the 
mob's level but lift itself to its own high 
standard and be the source of information 
and education. 

I concede that the two strains, Pernet- 
iana and Hybrid Teas, are much inter- 
bred, and the dividing-line may often be 
obscure. The parentage is not always 
prima Jacie evidence as the dominant 
traits of a parent are not always repro- 
duced visibly in the progeny; the term 
Pernetiana Hvbrld would refer to the 
intermediate cases. Only actual experi- 
ence with the plants can decide on which 
side of the fence these intermediate va- 
rieties are to be classed. I propose that a 
permanent commission of five members 
be established to study and classify the 
active commercial list of Hybrid Teas, 
reporting each year on roses which have 
been in American commerce for two years; 
for instance, the commission would report 
this year on roses introduced in American 
catalogues in 1933-34. 

The French Rose Society has a very 
interesting annual feature: All members 
are invited to vote for the best rose intro- 
duced the previous fifth year. The 1934 
vote on varieties of 1929 was, first, Mrs. 
Pierre S. du Pont, second Talisman. I 
believe this could be worked very inter- 
estingly in connection with "The Proof 
of the Pudding." 



Sub Rosa 

By BEN MAXWELL 



\i 



w 



WHEN you receive a confidential 
message from a friend and the 
contents are marked sub rosa you 
simply don't give that letter to the 
children to play postman w^ith. 

For sub rosa, as we all well know, im- 
plies the strictest pledge to silence. When 
translated from the Latin, however, there 
is no notion of silence about it. Sub rosa 
simply means beneath the rose. Surely 
there's nothing about the beauty and 
fragrance of a rose like Talisman to 
invoke verbal restraint. The phrase, as 
the Latin suggests, must have some 
deeper and ancient meaning. 

In ancient times the rose was dedicated 
to a number of gods and goddesses. 
Aurora, goddess of the dawn, for instance, 
enjoyed the consecration of the rose 
because its many brilliant colors, blend- 
ing one w ith the other, were supposed to 
reflect the first hours of the new day. 
More particularly, however, the rose was 
consecrated to Harpocrates, god of silence. 
So, then, we have the classic reason for 
the phrase sub rosa. When the rose is sus- 
pended above banquet guests, the subject 
of table conversation must remain forever 
secret. 

Curious modern growers may some- 
times wonder what this primitive rose 
that pledged men's lips to silence looked 
and smelled like in those ancient days. 
Shall we for a moment turn back the pages 
of history and see for ourselves? 

Theophrastus, a Greek philosopher and 
naturalist who wrote his "Inquiry Con- 
cerning Plants" about 300 B. C, tells us 
that the roses growing near Philippi had 
from five to one hundred petals, and that 
the people living in the neighborhood of 
Mount Pangaeus admired and cultivated 
them for their beauty. Some of these 
roses were fragrant, others were not. But 
this, like the color, he attributes to the 
locality in which they were grown. 

For these old Greek rose fanciers 
Theophrastus was thoughtful enough to 
offer some cultural advice. To those who 
lacked energy to climb the steep slopes of 
Pangaeus and dig the briars for them- 
selves, he suggested that they get a start 



either from seed of cultivated plants or 
cuttings. That's the way a lot of us 
moderns begin our rose ventures, isn't it? 
But Theophrastus knew that rose seeds 
germinate very slowly, so he advised his 
readers to start with cuttings. 

He had ideas about pruning, too. A 
rose left to itself grows too luxuriantly in 
wood and needs to be cut back from time 
to time. In fact, after a bush stands in 
one place too long it loses vitality and 
ought to be moved. Certainly this is good 
twentieth-century rose gospel. 

Well, in some respects Theophrastus 
was almost ultra-modern in his recom- 
mendations. He told his readers of 
twenty-three centuries ago that the useful 
life of a rose bush w^as but five years 
unless it was pruned by burning. Of 
course, the fire not only pruned the bush 
to the ground but the resulting ashes 
remained to serve as a fertilizer to stimu- 
late any root-growth that survived the 
ordeal. Probably no modern grower with 
a bed of well-established budded rose 
plants would care to follow this ruthless 
method of pruning. 

Pliny the Elder, a naturalist who lived 
near Rome at the time of Christ, says 
that the most favored roses in Italy in his 
day were those of Paestum. The poet 
Vergil also sings of "6i/ergue rosaria 
Paestiy'* and some modern botanists are 
inclined to believe that these twice- 
blooming roses of old Paestum, flowering 
as they did in both spring and fall, are 
some variety of the monthly Damask rose 
that used be cultivated in the gardens of 
our grandmothers. 

Nearly two thousand years after Pliny's 
and Vergil's time. Parsons, a modern com- 
mentator on the rose, tells of two French- 
men who successively visited Italy for the 
purpose of finding the twice-blooming 
roses of Paestum. They were able to find 
no trace whatsoever. 

Our modern rose-water was unknown 
to the ancients because they were not 
familiar with the process of distillation. 
They did, however, make extensive use 
of the rose in the manufacture of perfume. 
This, Pliny relates, was made by steeping 



12 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



roses in oil and was called oil of roses. 
One ancient writer mentions the use of 
rose-oil in culinary preparations. Both 
Theophrastus and Pliny assert that the 
sweetest of all scented roses and those 
best adapted for perfume came from 
Cyrene in North Africa. 

The medical properties of the roses 
were stressed by Athenaeus, who declared 
that a crown of roses not only relieved 
pain in the head but provided a refreshing 
effect as well. Other medical men of 
antiquity investigated the effect of flowers 
used for chaplets and garlands and con- 
cluded that the rose, among others, pos- 
sessed a peculiar virtue of dissipating the 
effects of wine. 

So, in those old Roman days, we find 
the rose prized as a flower of beauty in 
extravagances and coveted as a symbol 
in life's ceremonies. 

Latin poets speak of festivals at Baiae, 
the favorite watering-place for wealthy 
Romans, when the whole surface of Lake 
Lucrina was covered with roses. Sueton- 
ius, in his ''Lives of the Caesars," tells of 
a supper given by the Emperor IMero 
where a sum in excess of four million 
sesterces ($200,000) was spent on roses 
alone. At a later date we find a reference 
to the Emperor Elagabulus, for whom 
life was nothing but a search for pleasure, 
imbibing a wine flavored with roses and 
pine needles and strolling about in ban- 
queting rooms and porticos literally 
strewn with roses. 

The moralist Seneca says, "Do not men 
live contrary to nature who crave roses 
in winter, or seek to raise a spring flower 
like the lily by means of hot- water heaters 
and artificial change of temperature?" 
He does not say that the Romans forced 
their roses in hothouses for the sake of 
winter bloom, but he does mention the 
roses in the same breath as the lilies that 
were obtained that way. A century later 
an epigrammatic poet does say, "Winter, 
O Caesar, offers you a forced chaplet, 
formerly the rose was a flower of spring, 
now it comes at your bidding." Surely 
winter blooms for the Emperor's table 
came from the hothouse in Martial's time. 

Nearly every classical writer mentions 
some use of the rose as a thing of beauty 
and symbolism used in numerous pagan 



festivals. Roses were seen in the proces- 
sions of Cybele, in the festivals of Hymen 
at Athens, and adorned the statues of 
Venus, Flora, and Hebe as garlands. At 
Rome, in times of public rejoicing, they 
were sometimes scattered on the streets. 

However, it was not always fitting and 
proper to appear in the Forum adorned 
with a chaplet of roses. Pliny mentions 
the appearance of a Roman banker wear- 
ing a garland of roses in the gallery during 
the stressful time of the second Punic 
War. So improper did this display appear 
to the wrathy senators that they ordered 
Lucius Fulvius imprisoned and not to be 
liberated until the end of the war. 

Wealthy Romans sometimes be- 
queathed entire gardens of roses to pro- 
vide floral adornments for the sepulchral 
urns. Others ordered that at the anniver- 
sary of their death the heirs should meet 
and dine and scatter roses about the 
tomb. Still others, not wealthy enough 
to leave gardens for sepulchral purposes, 
inscribed their tombs with dicta such as 
this: "Scatter roses, I pray O stranger, 
over my tomb." 

Saint Jerome, one of the most cele- 
brated of the early Christian fathers, 
mentions the pagan ceremony of scatter- 
ing roses among the tombs as a symbol of 
grief. But the Christians, he explains, 
were content to place roses among the 
ornaments of the grave as an image of life. 

Finally we come to Saint Basil, who 
lived nearly six hundred years after the 
time of Theophrastus. This great Greek 
doctor of Theology relates that at the 
creation of the world the rose had no 
thorns and that it was gradually fur- 
nished with them as mankind became 
more corrupt. 



c«#o 



Roses in Little Rock 

I wish I could report on all our roses, 
but right now I want you to know that 
for three weeks the people have been com- 
ing in streams to my garden. You never 
heard anything like the way they rave, 
and you will be glad to know that even 
the newspapers are beginning to say we 
are striving to be worthy of our home 
city of roses. Also the junior garden 
clubs are featuring roses, and getting a lot 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



13 



of publicity as they are planting about 
4,000 roses. 

I went to a district meeting in Hot 
Springs yesterday where the most talked- 
of flower was the rose, and when we went 
on a garden pilgrimage I was able to tell 
them the names of the roses but the 
varieties were rather few. 

I have two Gold Star plants that have 
12 blooms each and I never saw such long 
perfect buds, perfect color, long stems, 
and perfect foliage. I've had more than 
9,000 blooms on my red bed of 60 plants, 
and it's still blooming and throwing up 
more canes from the ground. I don't be- 
lieve I could have selected three red 
varieties that would have given me such a 
perfect bed. They are Lord Charlemont, 
Etoile de Hollande, and Mr. Vestal's 
Harvard. I feel terribly proud that out of 
136 comments of varieties in "The Proof 
of the Pudding" six of Mr. Vestal's were 
mentioned, and we certainly appreciate 
your comment on the Rosen article. May- 
be we will make you proud of us down 
here in Arkansas yet. 

— Mrs. John Godfrey, Arkansas 

One Choice for California 

It has been my custom to pick my All- 
American dozen in the spring, surnmer, 
and autumn, and as I have just finished 
picking my favorite dozen for the spring 
of this year, I am sending it in for what 
it is worth: 

1. Los Angeles 

2. Mrs. Sam McGredy 

3. Souv. de Mme. Boullet 

4. William F. Dreer 

5. Una Wallace 

6. Irish Charm 

7. Feu Joseph Looymans 

8. Ophelia 

9. Patience 

10. Etoile de Hoflande 

11. Lord Charlemont 

12. Dotty 

Los Angeles (11 bushes). I prune this rose so 
that it is an upright grower, with good foliage 
and beautiful flame-pink flowers on nice cutting 
stems. It has always been my No. 1 rose. 

Mrs. Sam McGredy (5 bushes). This copper- 
orange rose, flushed with Lincoln-red, has 
bettered its position in my garden, and at the 



present time I cannot find one fault with it unless 
it has too many thorns for a cut-flower. How- 
ever, it will always be around the top in my 
garden, due to the fact that it is not susceptible 
to mildew, and this is a paramount factor in 
California with our fog at certain times of the 
year (with apologies to our Chamber of Com- 
merce). 

Souv. de Mme. Boullet (6 bushes). I had a hard 
time buying this variety this year as, for some 
unknown reason, it is almost out of commerce 
here. However, I have found it to be a good 
grower, with fine foliage, good cutting stems, 
with a nicely formed flower. Last year this rose 
was No. 2. 

William F. Dreer (6 bushes). Why this rose 
never won a medal in America is rather odd to 
me, although Mr. Fred Howard told me it won 
a silver medal in Europe. It has proved to be a 
rose with no serious faults, at least in my garden. 
In passing I might say that 1 picked a perfect 
Los Angeles from one of my Dreer bushes. I 
left a nice bud to see what wdl develop. 

Una Wallace (4 bushes). The only fault I 
have found with this rose is that it will mildew, 
but I have been able to check this to some 
extent, and, it being such a fine cut-flower, I'm 
including it, thereby laying myself open to 
criticism, but, after all, one has a right to his 
own opinion. 

Irish Charm (3 bushes). If you want perfect 
buds for cutting, this, in my opinion, is the rose 
to grow. In my garden it has no faults but it is 
hard to purchase — the new varieties must be 
introduced. 

Feu Joseph Looymans (7 bushes). This is one 
of my favorite roses, and if I let sentiment enter 
into picking my list, this rose would be No. 2 
(I pick it according to results). However, it has 
good foliage, although the bush is not a tall 
grower but rather healthy, and it gives a nice 
collection of perfect buds of my favorite color. 

Ophelia (7 bushes). This rose needs no boosters 
as it has proved itself in all gardens. The only 
fault I can find with it is that the flowers are 
variable in color but not in form. This rose is a 
good seed-producer also. 

Patience (3 bushes). The blooms have nice 
form and it is a very good grower. It is also a 
very fine producer, being third in number of 
blooms on a single bush. 

Etoile de Hollande (4 bushes). I suppose most 
rosarians would place this variety ahead of some 
I have picked, but it does not rate it in my 
garden. While the color is unfading and the 
bush is a good grower, it is rather shy on blooms 
and the foliage has a tendency to mildew slightly. 

Lord Charlemont (4 bushes). My favorite red 
rose and a very good grower with unfading color. 
It will not mildew if planted in a sunny position, 
and I have found it a good producer if fed by the 
direct-to-t he-root method. 

Dotty (2 bushes). This is a newcomer to my 
list, and whether it wiU be in my select group at 
the end of the year I do not know at this time. 
I have found it to be a good grower, with beauti- 
ful foliage and a well-formed flovver that holds 
its golden yellow color for a long time. 



14 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



Some of the roses that I have been dis- 
appointed in this spring are: 

Talisman (8 bushes). After a good start this 
variety faded badly. Last year it was No. 4. 
I am hoping it will pick up as it is one of my 
fjivorites. 

President Herbert Hoover (6 bushes). Shy on 
blooms and mildews; however, this rose will be 
good later on if last year is any criterion. 

Romance (2 bushes). This is the first year for 
this rose in my garden, and if it doesn't improve it 
will be the last. Shy on blooms, mildews, and 
edges of petals have too much white for a yellow- 
rose to suit me. 

Comtesse Vandal. VV hile the flowers are beau- 
tiful the foliage mildews badly. However, I'm 
going to try to control the mildew, as the bloom 
is too pretty to discard. 

Nif^ht. Bloom is excellent but foliage mildews 
in foggy weather. 

Mme. Albert Barbier. For some reason this 
variety has been susceptible to mildew this spring. 

MevrouwG. A. van Rossem (3 bushes). Blooms 
of poor form. Foliage mildews. Two bushes are 
poor growers. 

Lady Margaret Stewart (3 bushes). Blooms are 
off-color and it is a poor grower. 

Now for the good ones that I left off 
my list — don't ask me why. 

Mrs. Pierre S. du Pont. Fine grower with 
well-formed, unfading flower. Foliage mildews 
slightly. A good rose in my garden. 

Joanna Hill (3 bushes). An excellent rose 
with nice cutting stems and upright-growing 
bush. It will probably be in my list for the year. 

Ville de Paris (2 bushes). A ^ood rose with 
upright-growing bush and nice foliage but just a 
shade under some of the other yellows, in my 
opinion. 

Mrs. Lovell Swisher. A fine rose, and it might 
be in my list when the year is over. 

Angele Pernet. I have had a hard time getting 
this lovely rose to grow but I think the problem 
is solved in my garden. I put it in partial shade, 
feed it blood and bonemeal in 50-50 proportion, 
and it is growing fine now. I lost four bushes 
trying to get it to grow, as I like the color. The 
same method worked with Mme. Raymond 
Gaujard. 

Ducbess of Atboll (7 bushes). A fine rose but 
the bush is not compact enough to suit me. The 
foliage does not mildew, and that will keep it in 
my garden, even if the stems are thorny. 

Charles P. Kilbam (2 bushes). A good rose 
with nice stems and color and a fair grower. 

Etoile de Feu. An excellent rose whose foliage 
does not mildew in any weather. 

Soeur Tberese. A newcomer in my garden that 
has won a place in my heart with its well-formed 
blooms and foliage that does not mildew. 

Gaiety. Another newcomer that has won a 
place in my garden because it is a grand grower 
and its foliage does not mildew. 



The rest of my roses are about average, 
although I forgot to mention among the 
failures two roses that are N. G. as far as 
I am concerned, namely: Margaret Mc- 
Gredy, the foliage of which mildews very 
badly and its color fades, and Hadley, a 
good grower, but the foliage mildews and 
the flower turns purple in a very short 
time. 

I have 200 bushes in 92 varieties, and 
would like to have someone write an 
article in the Magazine, if possible, advis- 
ing the various nurseries to be more care- 
ful in labeling roses, as each year I pur- 
chase plants of certain varieties only to 
find when they bloom that some are not 
what I purchase. For instance, this year 
I bought some Talismans and found that 
one was Margaret McGredy, and the two 
Etoile de Hollandes that I bought turned 
out to be Hadieys. I don't mind paying 
the price, but I would like to get the va- 
rieties I want — especially Etoile de Hol- 
lande, as it is a good seed-producer. I also 
think that some nurseries are a little 
optimistic in grading rose bushes. Maybe 
I expect too much, but I only buy No. I's 
and I pick them out myself, as I have 
been disappointed so many times in buy- 
ing by catalog that now I do not buy any 
rose without first seeing the bush. Maybe 
I'll pass up some good roses but at least 
I'll get a good bush. 

— Karl W. Somers, California 

In Defense 

In looking back over reports from some 
critics of "The Proof of the Pudding" and 
to answer the questions in Dr. Rankin's 
Article in April Rose Magazine, I would 
say Yes to all questions asked. 

Only one thing is wrong with "The 
Proof of the Pudding" — not enough 
members are contributing to its well 
being. 

Perhaps, as Dr. Rankin stated, some 
people like to see their names in print. 
That comes from certain conditions which 
we live under in this country. However, 
I think, in this case, people who are inter- 
ested in roses and go to the trouble to 
report on them are thinking more about 
good roses and rose fellowship than mere 
publicity. 



THE AMERICAN ROSE MAGAZINE 



15 



Too manv roses are thrown on the 
market every year with too much praise 
from originator or grower, and the num- 
ber of roses given us, of any value, whose 
sales have been hurt by contributors to 
"The Proof of the Pudding" is too small 
to mention. 

When such fme roses as Autumn, 
President Herbert Hoover, Vanguard, 
Heidekind, Mary Hart, Susan Louise, 
and the like, are put on the market, no 
one, or even several adverse comments in 
"The Proof of the Pudding" can hurt 
their popularity. 

"The Proof of the Pudding" is the 
finest barometer of good roses in the 
country today. 

I would make a suggestion that if 
growers and originators would not place 
their roses on the market until good stock 
can be obtained, that would be giving 
them a break. This season, looking back 
on some stock of newer roses received, 
I must say that a good many of them 
were surely a discouraging sight. 

Father Schoener's scientific ability with 
understock and work with roses is undis- 
puted, and if his roses are of any great 
value to the rose world, will be appreci- 
ated in due time. Contributors to "The 
Proof of the Pudding" can not hurt their 
popularity but can be of a greater value 
to better roses. 

Those who grow roses or invest in the 
newer roses have passed the amateur 
stage and grow them for the love of roses 
and appreciate the newer and better 
things with some knowledge of how to 
plant and care, required to receive good 
growth and blooms. 

I think most criticism of this work has 
been unfair. I value the comments from 
rose-lovers over the country as helpful 
and interesting and look forward to each 
one as a personal chat with a rose friend 
and I sincerely trust that "The Proof of 
the Pudding" will be continued in future 
Annuals, enlarged, I hope, by contribu- 
tions from many other members and 
enthusiasts. 

The American Rose Society is doing the 
greatest work of any such organizati